A magistrates' court is a lower court where, in several
jurisdictions Jurisdiction (from Latin 'law' + 'declaration') is the legal term for the legal authority granted to a legal entity to enact justice. In federations like the United States, areas of jurisdiction apply to local, state, and federal levels. Jur ...
, all criminal proceedings start. Also some civil matters may be dealt with here, such as family proceedings.


Magistrates' court (England and Wales) In England and Wales, a magistrates' court is a lower court which hears matters relating to summary offences and some triable either-way matters. Some civil law issues are also decided here, notably family proceedings. In 2015, there were r ...
* Magistrate's Court of Jersey * Magistrates' court (Hong Kong) * Magistrate's courts of Israel * Magistrate's court (South Africa) * District Court (New Zealand), replaced magistrate's courts in 1980 * District Court (Ireland), the main court of summary jurisdiction in Ireland * Magistrate's court (Russia) * Magistrate's court (Sri Lanka)

Australian courts

* Magistrates Court of the Australian Capital Territory *
Magistrates court (Northern Territory) The Local Court of the Northern Territory is one of two levels of court in the Northern Territory of Australia. It has jurisdiction in civil disputes up to , and in criminal cases in the trial of summary offences, and also deals with prelimina ...
* Magistrates Court of Queensland * Magistrates Court of South Australia * Magistrates Court of Tasmania *
Magistrates' Court of Victoria The Magistrates' Court of Victoria is the lowest court in the Australian state of Victoria. The court possesses original jurisdiction over summary offences and indictable offences heard summarily, as well as civil claims up to $100,000. ...
* Magistrates Court of Western Australia * Local Court of New South Wales *
Federal Circuit Court of Australia The Federal Circuit Court of Australia, formerly known as the Federal Magistrates Court of Australia or the Federal Magistrates Service, was an Australian court with jurisdiction over matters broadly relating to family law and child support, ad ...
(initially the Federal Magistrate's Court of Australia. The title Federal Magistrate was changed to Judge at the same time.)


* Magistrates' Courts Act 1952 of the United Kingdom *
Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 The Magistrates' Courts Act 1980 (c. 43) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It is a consolidation Act.The Public General Acts and General Synod Measures 1980. HMSO. London. . Part IV. Pages ''i'', ''j'' and i. It codifies the p ...
of the United Kingdom * ''Magistrate's Court'' (TV series) * Liverpool Magistrates' Court, a court building *
Bow Street Magistrates' Court Bow Street Magistrates' Court became one of the most famous magistrates' court in England. Over its 266-year existence it occupied various buildings on Bow Street in Central London, immediately north-east of Covent Garden. It closed in 2006 and ...
* City of Westminster Magistrates' Court

See also

Magistrate The term magistrate is used in a variety of systems of governments and laws to refer to a civilian officer who administers the law. In ancient Rome, a ''magistratus'' was one of the highest ranking government officers, and possessed both judicia ...
* Lower court * Court of summary jurisdiction {{SIA Courts