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is a Japanese animation studio founded in 1972 by ex–Mushi Pro animators, including Masao Maruyama, Osamu Dezaki, Rintaro and Yoshiaki Kawajiri. Madhouse has created and helped to produce many well-known shows, OVAs and films, starting with TV anime series ''Ace o Nerae!'' (produced by Tokyo Movie Shinsha) in 1973, and including ''Wicked City'', ''Ninja Scroll'', ''Perfect Blue'', ''Vampire Hunter D: Bloodlust'', ''Trigun'', ''Di Gi Charat'', ''Black Lagoon'', ''Death Note'', ''Paprika'', ''Wolf Children, Parasyte: The Maxim'' and the first season of ''One-Punch Man''. Unlike other studios founded at this time such as AIC and J.C.Staff, their strength was and is primarily in TV shows and theatrical features. Expanding from the initial Mushi Pro staff, Madhouse recruited important directors such as Morio Asaka, Masayuki Kojima, and Satoshi Kon during the 1990s. Their staff roster expanded in the 2000s to include Mamoru Hosoda, Takeshi Koike, and Mitsuo Iso, as well as many younger television directors. The studio was also responsible for the first ''Beyblade'' anime series as well as the ''Dragon Drive'' anime and the 2011 anime adaptation of ''Hunter × Hunter''. The studio often collaborates with known manga artists, including Naoki Urasawa and Clamp. Madhouse produced adaptations of Urasawa's ''Yawara!'', ''Master Keaton'' and ''Monster'', with Masayuki Kojima helming the later two. The company has animated a number of CLAMP's titles, including ''Tokyo Babylon'', two versions of ''X'' (a theatrical movie and a TV series), ''Cardcaptor Sakura'' and its sequel ''Clear Card'', and ''Chobits''.

History

Madhouse was established in 1972 by ex–Mushi Production animators, including Masao Maruyama, Osamu Dezaki, Rintaro and Yoshiaki Kawajiri, with funding from Yutaka Fujioka, the founder of Tokyo Movie, and co-produced its earliest series with Tokyo Movie. In February 2004, Madhouse became a subsidiary of Index Corporation. On February 8, 2011, Nippon TV became Madhouse's primary stockholder (replacing Index Corporation), via a third-party allocation of new shares. NTV bought 128,667 new shares (each ¥7,772) issued by Madhouse for ¥999,999,924 total (about $12.4 million), raising its stake in the company from 10.4% to 84.5%. Index Corporation's stake in Madhouse fell from 60.91% to 10.54%. In January 2012, Madhouse announced their acquisition of the animation rights to the ''Peanuts'' comic strip. In March 2014, NTV bought all the shares belonging to Index Corporation, increasing its stake in Madhouse to 95%.

Business

The studio employs approximately 70 employees, with employment levels varying depending on the number of productions currently underway. Additionally, the company has invested in the Korean animation studio DR Movie. Madhouse has a subsidiary, Madbox Co., Ltd., that mainly focuses on computer graphics.

Works



Television



1973-2000

* ''Aim for the Ace!'' (1973-1974, co-animated with Tokyo Movie) * ''Gamba no Bōken'' (1975, co-animated with Tokyo Movie) * ''Jetter Mars'' (1977, co-animated with Toei Animation) * ''Nobody's Boy: Remi'' (1977–1978, co-animated with Tokyo Movie) * ''Treasure Island'' (1978–1979, co-animated with Tokyo Movie) * ''Galactic Patrol Lensman'' (1984–1985, co-animated with Tatsunoko Productions) * ''Yawara!'' (1989–1992) * ''DNA²'' (1994, co-animated with Studio Deen) * ''Azuki-chan'' (1995–1998) * ''Trigun'' (1998) * ''Cardcaptor Sakura'' (1998–2000) * ''Master Keaton'' (1998–2000) * ''Bomberman B-Daman Bakugaiden'' (1998–1999) * ''Super Doll Licca-chan'' (1998–1999) * ''Pet Shop of Horrors'' (1999) * ''Jubei-chan: The Secret of the Lovely Eyepatch'' (1999) * ''Di Gi Charat'' (1999–2001) * ''Reign: The Conqueror'' (1999) * ''Magic User's Club'' (1999) * ''Bomberman B-Daman Bakugaiden V'' (1999–2000)

2000–2005

* ''Boogiepop Phantom'' (2000) * ''Carried by the Wind: Tsukikage Ran'' (2000) * ''Hidamari no Ki'' (2000) * ''Sakura Wars'' (2000) * ''Hajime no Ippo: The Fighting!'' (2000–2002) * ''Beyblade'' (2001) * ''Galaxy Angel'' (2001–2004) * ''Shingu: Secret of the Stellar Wars'' (2001) * ''Chance Pop Session'' (2001) * ''Magical Meow Meow Taruto'' (2001) * ''X'' (2001–2002) * ''Kirby: Right Back at Ya!'' (2001) * ''Aquarian Age: Sign for Evolution'' (2002) * ''Chobits'' (2002) * ''Magical Shopping Arcade Abenobashi'' (2002) * ''Pita-Ten'' (2002) * ''Dragon Drive'' (2002–2003) * ''Hanada Shōnen Shi'' (2002–2003) * ''Panyo Panyo Di Gi Charat'' (2002) * ''Rizelmine'' (2002, co-animated with IMAGIN) * ''Mirage of Blaze'' (2002) * ''Ninja Scroll: The Series'' (2003) * ''Texhnolyze'' (2003) * ''Gungrave'' (2003–2004) * ''Gunslinger Girl'' (2003–2004) * ''Uninhabited Planet Survive!'' (2003–2004) (Co-Produced with Telecom Animation Film) * ''Di Gi Charat Nyo!'' (2003–2004) * ''Gokusen'' (2004) * ''Jubei-chan: The Counter Attack of Siberia Yagyu'' (2004) * ''Paranoia Agent'' (2004) * ''Tenjho Tenge'' (2004) * ''Monster'' (2004–2005) * ''BECK: Mongolian Chop Squad'' (2004–2005) * ''Sweet Valerian'' (2004) * ''Strawberry 100%'' (2005) * ''Akagi'' (2005–2006) * ''Paradise Kiss'' (2005) * ''Oku-sama wa Joshi Kōsei'' (2005)

2006–2010

* ''Kiba'' (2006–2007) * ''Strawberry Panic!'' (2006) * ''NANA'' (2006–2007) * ''The Story of Saiunkoku'' (2006–2008) * ''Black Lagoon'' (2006) * ''Yume Tsukai'' (2006) * ''Otogi-Jūshi Akazukin'' (2006–2007) * ''Kemonozume'' (2006) * ''A Spirit of the Sun'' (2006) * ''Death Note'' (2006–2007) * ''Tokyo Tribe 2'' (2006–2007) * ''Claymore'' (2007) * ''Oh! Edo Rocket'' (2007) * ''Princess Resurrection'' (2007) * ''Dennō Coil'' (2007) * ''Devil May Cry'' (2007) * ''Shigurui'' (2007) * ''Gyakkyō Burai Kaiji'' (2007–2008) * ''Neuro: Supernatural Detective'' (2007–2008) * ''Mokke'' (2007–2008) * ''MapleStory'' (2007–2008) * ''Ani*Kuri15'' (2007–2008) * ''Chi's Sweet Home'' (2008–2009) * ''Allison & Lillia'' (2008) * ''Kamen no Maid Guy'' (2008) * ''Top Secret ~The Revelation~'' (2008) * ''Kaiba'' (2008) * ''Ultraviolet: Code 044'' (2008) * ''Casshern Sins'' (2008–2009) * ''Kurozuka'' (2008) * ''Mōryō no Hako'' (2008) * ''One Outs'' (2008–2009) * ''Stitch!'' (2008–2010) * ''Chaos;Head'' (2008) * ''Hajime no Ippo: New Challenger'' (2009) * ''Rideback'' (2009) * ''Sōten Kōro'' (2009) * ''Needless'' (2009) * ''Kobato'' (2009–2010) * ''Aoi Bungaku'' (2009)

2010s

* ''Rainbow: Nisha Rokubō no Shichinin'' (2010) * ''The Tatami Galaxy'' (2010) * ''Highschool of the Dead'' (2010) * ''Marvel Anime'' (2010–2011) * ''Gyakkyō Burai Kaiji: Hakairoku-hen'' (2011) * ''Hunter × Hunter'' (2011–2014) * ''Chihayafuru'' (2011–2012) * ''The Ambition of Oda Nobuna'' (2012, co-animated with Studio Gokumi) * ''Btooom!'' (2012) * ''Chihayafuru 2'' (2013) * ''Photo Kano'' (2013) * ''Sunday Without God'' (2013) * ''Hajime no Ippo: Rising'' (2013–2014, co-animated with MAPPA) * ''Ace of Diamond'' (2013–2016, co-animated with Production I.G) * ''Magical Warfare'' (2014) * ''The Irregular at Magic High School'' (2014) (Season 1) * ''No Game No Life'' (2014) * ''Hanayamata'' (2014) * ''Parasyte -the maxim-'' (2014–2015) * ''Death Parade'' (2015) * ''My Love Story!!'' (2015) * ''Overlord'' (2015–2018) * ''One-Punch Man'' (2015) (Season 1) * ''Prince of Stride: Alternative'' (2016) * ''Alderamin on the Sky'' (2016) * ''All Out!!'' (2016–2017, co-animated with TMS Entertainment) * ''ACCA: 13-Territory Inspection Dept.'' (2017) * ''A Place Further than the Universe'' (2018) * ''Cardcaptor Sakura: Clear Card'' (2018) * ''Okko's Inn'' (2018) * ''Mr. Tonegawa: Middle Management Blues'' (2018) * ''Boogiepop and Others'' (2019) * ''Ace of Diamond Act II'' (2019–2020) * ''Afterlost'' (2019) * ''No Guns Life'' (2019) * ''Chihayafuru 3'' (2019–2020)

2020s

* ''No Guns Life'' (Season 2 - Summer 2020) * ''SonnyBoy'' (Summer 2021) * ''The Vampire Dies in No Time'' (Fall 2021)

Specials

* ''Natsufuku no Shōjo-tachi'' (August 7, 1988) * ''Hiroshima ni Ichiban Densha ga Hashitta'' (August 6, 1993) * ''Yawara! Special - Zutto Kimi no Koto ga'' (July 19, 1996) * ''Hajime no Ippo - Champion Road'' (June 25, 2003)

Film

Madhouse's early theatrical work included assistance on the ''Barefoot Gen'' films, and ''Lensman'', an anime movie based on the space opera series by pulp science fiction author E.E. "Doc" Smith. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, director Yoshiaki Kawajiri produced a string of action films including ''Wicked City'', ''Demon City Shinjuku'', and ''Ninja Scroll''. In the late 1990s, the studio aimed at a younger female audience with Morio Asaka's two ''Cardcaptor Sakura'' films, based on the popular television series. In the early 2000s, an ambitious collaboration with Tezuka Productions resulted in ''Metropolis'', directed by Rintaro and adapted from the manga by Osamu Tezuka. Earlier collaborations with Tezuka productions included two feature-length films made for Sanrio starring Tezuka's unicorn character Unico. Director Satoshi Kon produced all four of his films with the studio: ''Perfect Blue'', ''Millennium Actress'', ''Tokyo Godfathers'', and ''Paprika'', as well as his TV series ''Paranoia Agent''. Kon was also making his fifth film the ''Dreaming Machine'' with Madhouse, although it was left incomplete at his death in 2010. In 2003, Madhouse produced ''Nasu: Summer in Andalusia'', which was adapted from the seinen manga ''Nasu'' by Iou Kuroda and directed by Studio Ghibli veteran Kitarō Kōsaka. ''Nasu'' was the first Japanese animated film ever selected for screening at the renowned Cannes Film Festival. Kōsaka followed up his film with an OVA sequel in 2007. In 2006, director Mamoru Hosoda began his career with the studio by directing ''The Girl Who Leapt Through Time''. Recent productions included Masayuki Kojima's theatrical debut ''Forest of Piano'' (2007), Hosoda's acclaimed ''Summer Wars'' (2009), Sunao Katabuchi's ''Mai Mai Miracle'' (2009), the company's first CG animated film, ''Yona Yona Penguin'' (2009), Takeshi Koike's feature film debut ''Redline'' (2009), a theatrical version of the ''Trigun'' series, ''Trigun: Badlands Rumble'' (2010), and ''The Tibetan Dog'', a co-production with China (2011). The first film in the ''Hunter × Hunter'' franchise, ''Hunter × Hunter: Phantom Rouge'' premiered on January 12, 2013. Madhouse co-produced ''Wolf Children'' (2012) with Mamoru Hosoda's Studio Chizu. Collectively, Madhouse films have won a total of two Japan Academy Prizes, four Grand Prizes in the Animation Division at Japan Media Arts Festival, two Gertie Awards, six Mainichi Film Awards (three Ōfuji Noburō Awards, and three Animation Grand Awards), two Tokyo Anime Awards for Animation of the Year, and five Animation Kobe Feature Film Awards.

1980s

* ''The Fantastic Adventures of Unico'' (1981) * ''Natsu e no Tobira'' (1981) (co-produced by Toei Animation) * ''Haguregumo'' (1982) (co-produced by Toei Animation) * ''Harmagedon'' (1983) * ''Unico in the Island of Magic'' (1983) * ''Barefoot Gen'' (1983) * ''Lensman'' (1984) (co-produced by Tatsunoko Productions) * ''The Dagger of Kamui'' (1985) * ''Barefoot Gen 2'' (1986) * ''Phoenix: Ho-ō'' (1986) * ''Toki no Tabibito: Time Stranger'' (1986) * ''Wicked City'' (1987) * ''Neo Tokyo'' (1987) * ''Twilight of the Cockroaches'' (1987) * ''Legend of the Galactic Heroes: My Conquest is the Sea of Stars'' (with Artland, 1988)

1990s

* ''A Wind Named Amnesia'' (1990) * ''Urusei Yatsura: Always, My Darling'' (1991) * ''Yawara! Soreyuke Koshinuke Kids!!'' (1992) * ''Ninja Scroll'' (1993) * ''Anne no Nikki'' (1995) * ''Memories'' (1995) * ''X'' (1996) * ''Perfect Blue'' (1997) * ''Clover'' (1999) * ''Cardcaptor Sakura: The Movie'' (1999)

2000s

* ''Cardcaptor Sakura Movie 2: The Sealed Card'' (2000) * ''Vampire Hunter D: Bloodlust'' (2001) * ''Metropolis'' (2001) * ''Millennium Actress'' (2001) * ''Di Gi Charat - A Trip to the Planet'' (2001) * ''WXIII: Patlabor the Movie 3'' (2002) * ''Hajime no Ippo: Champion Road'' (2003) * ''Nasu: Summer in Andalusia'' (2003) * ''Tokyo Godfathers'' (2003) * ''The Girl Who Leapt Through Time'' (2006) * ''Paprika'' (2006) * ''Cinnamon the Movie'' (2007) * ''Highlander: The Search for Vengeance'' (2007) * ''Forest of Piano'' (2007) * ''Hells'' (2008) * ''Batman: Gotham Knight'' (2008,co-animated with Studio 4°C, Bee Train Production, Production I.G) * ''Summer Wars'' (2009) * ''Mai Mai Miracle'' (2009) * ''Redline'' (2009) * ''Yona Yona Penguin'' (2009)

2010s

* ''Trigun: Badlands Rumble'' (2010) * ''The Tibetan Dog'' (2011) * ''The Princess and the Pilot'' (2011, co-animated with TMS Entertainment) * ''Hunter × Hunter: Phantom Rouge'' (2013) * ''Death Billiards'' (2013) * ''Hunter × Hunter: The Last Mission'' (2013) * ''No Game, No Life Zero'' (2017) * ''Kimi no Koe wo Todoketai'' (2017) * ''Okko's Inn Movie'' (2018, co-produced with DLE) * ''Alita: Battle Angel'' (2019, co-produced with Troublemaker Studios)

OVAs

(These also include some outsourced productions)

1980s

* ''Wounded Man'' (1986-1988) * ''Phoenix Yamato/Space'' (1987) * ''Bride of Deimos'' (1988) * ''Demon City Shinjuku'' (1988) * ''Goku Midnight Eye'' (1989)

1990s

* ''Cyber City Oedo 808'' (1990-1991) * ''Record of Lodoss War'' (1990-1991) * ''Devil Hunter Yohko'' (1990-1995) * ''Doomed Megalopolis'' (1991-1992) * ''Urusei Yatsura'' (OVA's 10 and 11) (1991) * '' Yawara! Soreyuke Koshinuke Kizzu'' (1992) * ''Tokyo Babylon'' (1992-1994) * ''Zetsuai 1989'' (1992-1994) * ''Battle Angel'' (1993) * ''Mermaid's Scar'' (1993) * ''The Cockpit'' (''Slipstream'' segment, 1993) * ''Final Fantasy: Legend of the Crystals'' (1994) * ''Phantom Quest Corp.'' (1994-1995) * ''Clamp in Wonderland'' (1994-2007) * ''Spirit Warrior'' (1994) * ''DNA²'' (co-produced with Studio Deen, 1995) * ''Bio Hunter'' (1995) * ''Birdy the Mighty'' (1996-1997) * ''Night Warriors: Darkstalkers' Revenge'' (1997-1998) * ''Twilight of the Dark Master'' (1997)

2000s

* ''Space Pirate Captain Herlock: The Endless Odyssey'' (2002-2003) * ''Trava: Fist Planet'' (2003) * ''The Animatrix'' (animated sequences) (2003) * ''Hajime no Ippo: Mashiba vs. Kimura'' (2003) * ''Lament of the Lamb'' (2003-2004) * ''Aquarian Age: The Movie'' (2003) * '' Di Gi Charat Theater - Leave it to Pyoko!'' (2003) * ''Tsuki no Waltz'' (2004) * ''Otogi-Jūshi Akazukin'' (2005) * ''Last Order: Final Fantasy VII'' (2005) * ''Strawberry 100%'' (2005) * ''Nasu: A Migratory Bird with Suitcase'' (2007) * ''Batman: Gotham Knight'' (animated sequences, 2008) * ''Hellsing Ultimate'' (''V-VII''), (2008-2009)

2010s

* ''Supernatural: The Anime Series'' (2011) * ''Drifters of the Dead'' (2011) * ''Arata-naru Sekai'' (2012) * ''Iron Man: Rise of Technovore'' (2013) * ''Avengers Confidential: Black Widow and Punisher'' (2014)

2020s

* ''ACCA: 13-Territory Inspection Dept. - Regards'' (2020)

Video games

* ''Sol-Feace'' (1991) * ''Earnest Evans'' (1991) * ''Annet Futatabi'' (1993) * ''Wild Arms'' (1996) * ''Solatorobo: Red the Hunter'' (2010) * ''Persona 2: Eternal Punishment'' (intro sequence) (2012) * '' Persona 4 Golden'' (intro sequence) (2012) * ''Persona 4 Arena'' (intro sequence) (2012) * ''Etrian Odyssey Untold: The Millennium Girl'' (2013) * ''Etrian Odyssey 2 Untold: The Fafnir Knight'' (2014)

Collaborations

Madhouse designed the characters for Hudson Soft's game ''Virus'' (the first installment of the ''Virus Buster Serge'' franchise). Madhouse worked with Square Enix on the OVA ''Last Order: Final Fantasy VII'' as well as Capcom for the mini series of ''Devil May Cry: The Animated Series''. They collaborated with Studio Ghibli by contributing animation to Hayao Miyazaki's ''My Neighbor Totoro'' (1988), ''Spirited Away'' (2001), and ''Howl's Moving Castle'' (2004), as well as Tomomi Mochizuki's ''I Can Hear the Sea'' (1993) and Goro Miyazaki's ''Tales from Earthsea'' (2006). Madhouse collaborated with professional rapper Snoop Dogg in the 2006 horror-comedy movie ''Hood of Horror'', in which they assisted in the animated sections of the movie. Madhouse also collaborated with Disney for the anime ''Stitch!'' for its first and second arcs (equal to 56 episodes total), between 2008 and 2010. They also animated the intro cutscene to PlayStation video game ''Wild Arms'' and the opening movie to PlayStation Vita video game ''Persona 4 Golden'' (''Persona 4: The Golden'' in Japan), along with opening to the PSP remake of ''Persona 2: Eternal Punishment''. They worked with Marvel Entertainment to create adaptations of ''Blade'', ''Iron Man'', ''Wolverine'' and ''X-Men''. 2010 also saw the publication of ''Devil'', a manga intended specifically for the American market; the property is a collaboration with Dark Horse Comics, and is written and drawn by Torajiro Kishi. Madhouse also participated in animating the ''Wakfu'' TV special ''Ogrest, la légende'' in collaboration with Ankama Japan.

Non-Japanese productions/Commission work/Foreign production history

* ''The Pirates of Dark Water'' (ダークウォーターの海賊) (February 25, 1991 – May 23, 1993) (Hanna-Barbera with Fil-Cartoons, Wang Film Productions, Tama Production, Big Star, Kennedy Cartoons and Mr. Big Cartoons) * ''The Adventures of T-Rex'' (T-レックス) (1992–1993) (C&D (Créativité et Développement), Gunther-Wahl Productions, with Kitty Films) * ''Street Fighter'' (ストリートファイター) (October 1995–May 1997) (co-production with InVision Entertainment, Graz Entertainment, USA Studios and Sunrise) * ''Wing Commander Academy'' (ウイング・コマンダー・アカデミー) (September 21–December 21, 1996) (Universal Animation Studios) * ''Todd McFarlane's Spawn'' (トッド・マクファーレンのスポーン) (May 16, 1997 – May 28, 1999) (HBO Animation, Todd McFarlane Entertainment, with Mook Animation, DR Movie, and Koko Enterprises Ltd.) * ''X-Men: Evolution'' (X-メン:進化論) (November 4, 2000 – October 25, 2003) (Film Roman, Marvel Studios, with Mook Animation, DR Movie, and WHITE LINE) * ''Hellboy: Sword of Storms'' (ヘル少年:嵐の剣) (October 28, 2006) (Film Roman, Revolution Studios, Starz Distribution) * ''Hellboy: Blood and Iron'' (ヘル少年:血と鉄) (March 10, 2007) (Film Roman, Revolution Studios, Starz Distribution) * ''Hulk Vs. Wolverine'' (ハルク対ウルヴァリン) (January 27, 2009) (Marvel Animation with MOI Animation) * ''Hulk Vs. Thor'' (ハルク対トール) (January 27, 2009) (Marvel Animation with MOI Animation) * ''Planet Hulk'' (プラネットハルク) (February 2, 2010) (Marvel Animation with MOI Animation)

See also

* MAPPA, an animation studio founded by former Madhouse producer Masao Maruyama * Triangle Staff, an animation studio founded by former Madhouse animators.

References



External links

* * {{DEFAULTSORT:Madhouse (Company) Category:Japanese animation studios Category:Animation studios in Tokyo Category:Mass media companies established in 1972 Category:1972 establishments in Japan