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Lukang, formerly romanized as Lugang and also known by
other names Other most often refers to: * Other (philosophy), a concept in psychology and philosophy Other or The Other may also refer to: Books * The Other (Tryon novel), ''The Other'' (Tryon novel), a 1971 horror novel by Tom Tryon * The Other (short story ...
, is an urban township in northwestern
Changhua County Changhua County (Taiwanese Mandarin, Mandarin Hànyǔ Pīnyīn, Pinyin: ''Zhānghuà Xiàn''; Wade-Giles: ''Chang¹-hua⁴ Hsien⁴''; Hokkien Pe̍h-ōe-jī, POJ: ''Chiang-hòa-koān'' or ''Chiong-hòa-koān'') is the smallest County (Taiwan), co ...
,
Taiwan Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and N ...

Taiwan
. The township is on the west coast of Taiwan, facing the
Taiwan Strait The Taiwan Strait is a -wide strait separating the Taiwan (island), island of Taiwan and mainland, continental Asia. The strait is part of the South China Sea and connects to the East China Sea to the north. The narrowest part is wide. Names ...

Taiwan Strait
. Lukang was an important sea port in the 18th century and 19th century. It was the most populous city in central Taiwan until the early 20th century. In March 2012, it was named one of the ''Top 10 Small Tourist Towns'' by the Tourism Bureau of Taiwan.


Name

The township's name, which means "
Deer Deer or true deer are hoof A hoof ( or ), plural hooves ( or ) or hoofs , is the tip of a toe Toes are the digits (fingers) of the foot of a tetrapod. Animal Animals (also called Metazoa) are multicellular eukaryotic organis ...

Deer
Port", came from its
deerskin Leather is a durable and flexible material created by tanning animal rawhide and skins. The most common raw material is cattle Cattle, or cows (female) and bulls (male), are the most common type of large domesticated Domesticatio ...
trade during the Dutch period. Its old
Taiwanese Taiwanese may refer to: * Something from or related to Taiwan (Formosa) * Taiwanese aborigines, the indigenous people of Taiwan * Han Taiwanese, the Han people of Taiwan * Taiwanese people, residents of Taiwan or people of Taiwanese descent * Taiwan ...
name was Lok-a-kang () and its shortened version is seen in English texts and maps as variants such as Lok-kang, Lokang and Lo-kiang. In 2011, the Ministry of Interior decided to keep the historical Wade-Giles spelling "Lukang" and abandon the change to the
Pinyin ''Hanyu Pinyin'' (), often abbreviated to pinyin, is the official romanization Romanization or romanisation, in linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language, meaning that it is a comprehensive, systematic, objecti ...

Pinyin
spelling "Lugang" consistent with the switch to Tongyong Pinyin in 2002 and later Hanyu Pinyin 2009.


History

During the
Qing Dynasty The Qing dynasty, officially the Great Qing (), was the last dynasty A dynasty (, ) is a sequence of rulers from the same family,''Oxford English Dictionary'', "dynasty, ''n''." Oxford University Press Oxford University Pr ...
, the depth of Lukang's harbor and its proximity to
Fujian province Fujian (; postal romanization, alternately romanized as Fukien or Hokkien) is a provinces of China, province on the southeastern coast of China. Fujian is bordered by Zhejiang to the north, Jiangxi to the west, Guangdong to the south, and t ...
on
mainland China The term "mainland China" refers to the area directly governed by the People's Republic of China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia. It is the world's List of countries and dependencies ...

mainland China
made Lukang an important trading port. During Lukang's heyday from 1785 to 1845, Lukang's population reached 20,000. Lukang was Taiwan's second largest city after
Tainan Tainan, officially Tainan City, is a special municipality in southern Taiwan Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and ...

Tainan
and was larger than Bangka (now a district of
Taipei Taipei (), officially Taipei City, is the Capital city, capital and a Special municipality (Taiwan), special municipality of the Taiwan, Republic of China (Taiwan). Located in Regions of Taiwan, Northern Taiwan, Taipei City is an enclave of t ...

Taipei
), then the island's third-largest city. The rice industry brought great wealth to the city. During the late 1800s the most prominent families in Lukang were the Huang and Koo clans. The subsequent
silting Siltation, is water pollution Water pollution (or aquatic pollution) is the contamination of water bodies ( Lysefjord) in Norway Norway ( nb, ; nn, ; se, Norga; smj, Vuodna; sma, Nöörje), officially the Kingdom of Norway, ...
of the harbor and the city's refusal to allow
railroads Rail transport (also known as train transport) is a means of transport, transferring passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, which are located on Track (rail transport), tracks. In contrast to road transport, where the vehi ...
to pass through the city led to losses in trade in commerce, which, in turn led to Lukang's decline relative to other cities, which were experiencing considerable urbanization and population growth. This same decline, however, averted the modernization processes that demolished historical buildings in Tainan and Taipei, leaving Lukang preserved as it was in the past. During the period of Japanese rule, the city was Taiwan's fifth most populous city, with a population of 19,805 according to the December 1904 census. The
Hoklo people The Hoklo people are Han Chinese people whose traditional Ancestral home (China), ancestral homes are in Minnan region, southern part of Fujian, China. They are speakers of Hokkien, a language in the Southern Min language family, and known by va ...
in the area were predominantly of
Xiamen Xiamen ( , ; ), also known as Amoy (, from Hokkien Hokkien () is a Southern Min Southern Min (), Minnan (Mandarin Mandarin may refer to: * Mandarin (bureaucrat), a bureaucrat of Imperial China (the original meaning of the word) ...

Xiamen
and
Quanzhou Quanzhou, alternatively known as Chinchew, is a prefecture-level port city on the north bank of the Jin River, beside the Taiwan Strait The Taiwan Strait, also known as the Formosa Strait, is a -wide strait A strait is a natural ...

Quanzhou
origin, thereby speaking the
Quanzhou dialect The Quanzhou dialects (), also rendered Chin-chew or Choanchew, are a collection of Hokkien Hokkien () is a Southern Min Southern Min (), Minnan (Mandarin Mandarin may refer to: * Mandarin (bureaucrat), a bureaucrat of Imperial China (t ...
of
Hokkien Hokkien () is a Southern Min Southern Min (), Minnan (Mandarin Mandarin may refer to: * Mandarin (bureaucrat), a bureaucrat of Imperial China (the original meaning of the word) ** by extension, any senior government bureaucrat A bureau ...
.
Nanguan music Nanguan (; also ''nanyin'', ''nanyue'', ''xianguan'', or ''nanqu'') is a style of Chinese classical music from the southern Chinese province of Fujian Fujian (; alternately romanized as Fukien or Hokkien) is a province A province i ...
is highly popular in Lukang and originates from Quanzhou. In 1920, Lukang was governed as under Shōka District of
Taichū Prefecture was one of the administrative divisions of Taiwan under Japanese rule, Japanese Taiwan. The prefecture consisted of modern-day Taichung City, Changhua County and Nantou County. It is also the origin of the name of modern-day Taichung. The Taich ...
.


Overview

There are many old temples in Lukang, such as Longshan Temple and Matzu Temple. The city boasts over 200 temples dedicated to a wide variety of folk deities. The town is also the origin of the terms "ē-káng" (下港) and "téng-káng" (頂港) used respectively to refer to southern Taiwan and northern Taiwan; the literal meanings of the terms are "below the harbor" and "above the harbor". The
Yu Jen Jai Yu Jen Jai () is a bakery located in Lukang, Changhua, Lukang Township, Changhua County, Taiwan. It was founded in 1877, and specializes in List of Chinese bakery products, Chinese pastries. The original building is listed as a protected histori ...
(玉珍齋) cakes are famous local specialties, as well as Lukang's Ox Tongue Cakes (牛舌餅) and oyster pancakes. It will host the 2012 Taiwan Lantern Festival, beating out six other contenders. Lukang encompasses with a population of 86,779, including 44,115 males and 42,664 females as of January 2017.


Administrative divisions

The township comprises 29 villages, which are Dayou, Zhongxing, Luojin, Shunxing, Pulun, Xingong, Yushun, Tungshi, Guocuo, Yongan, Jingfu, Taixing, Zhangxing, Xinghua, Longshan, Caiyuan, Jiewei, Zhaoan, Haipu, Yangcuo, Caozhong, Tounan, Shanlun, Dingpan, Toulun, Gouqi, Liaocuo, Tungqi and Dingcuo.


Infrastructure

*
Hsingneng Power Plant The Hsingneng Power Plant, Star Energy Power Plant or Changbin Power Plant () is a gas-fired power plant in Chang-Bin Industrial Park, Lukang, Changhua, Lukang Township, Changhua County, Taiwan. History The power plant was commissioned in March ...
* Hsingyuan Power Plant


Tourist attractions

*
BRAND'S Health Museum
BRAND'S Health Museum
* Chang Bin Show-Chwan Health Mall * Eight Wonders *
Lukang Ai Gate The Lukang Ai Gate () is an old gate in Lukang, Changhua, Lukang Township, Changhua County, Taiwan. History In early days, Lukang experienced many war and rights from people of Quanzhou and Zhangzhou for distinguishing their territory. To mainta ...
* Lukang Artist Village *
Lukang Culture Center The Lukang Culture Center or Lukang Assembly Hall () is a cultural center in Lukang, Changhua, Lukang Township, Changhua County, Taiwan. History The building was established in 1928 as a public assembly hall. It was named Chung Shan Hall after th ...
*
Lukang Folk Arts Museum The Lukang Folk Arts Museum () is a museum in Lukang, Changhua, Lukang Township, Changhua County, Taiwan. History The museum was originally built as a residence of Koo Hsien-jung. The construction started in 1913 and was completed 6 years later ...
* Lukang Kinmen Hall * Lukang Longshan Temple *
Lukang Rimao Hang The Lukang Rimao Hang () is a former company in Lukang, Changhua, Lukang Township, Changhua County, Taiwan. History The Lukang Rimao Hang was established by Lin Zhensong in 1784 who came from Fujian in 1765 as a merchant and settled in Lukang. I ...
* Lukang Tianhou Temple *
Lukang Wen Wu Temple The Lukang Wen Wu Temple () is a Wen Wu temple in Lukang, Changhua, Lukang Township, Changhua County, Taiwan. History The temple was established in 1812. Architecture The temple area consists of Martial Temple (武廟), Literature Shrine (文 ...
*
No Heaven Street No (and variant writings) may refer to one of these articles: English language * Yes and no (responses) * A English determiners, determiner in noun phrases Alphanumeric symbols * No (kana), a letter/syllable in Japanese script * No symbol, d ...

Taiwan Glass Gallery & Glass Temple


In popular culture

The town was referenced in the 1982 song "Lukang, The Small Town" (鹿港小鎮) by
Lo Ta-yu Lo Ta-yu (; born 20 July 1954), also known as Luo Dayou and Law Tai-yau, is a Taiwanese singer and songwriter. During the 1980s, Lo became one of the most influential Mandopop singer-songwriters with his melodic lyrics and love songs, and his wi ...
.


Notable natives

* Chao Shou-po, politician, educator, civic activist and lawyer *
Koo Hsien-jung Koo Hsien-jung (; Romaji The romanization of Japanese is the use of Latin script Latin script, also known as Roman script, is an alphabetic An alphabet is a standardized set of basic written symbols A symbol is a mark, sign, o ...

Koo Hsien-jung
, former businessperson *
Koo Chen-fu Koo Chen-fu (, 6 January 1917 – 3 January 2005), also known as C.F. Koo, was a Taiwanese businessman and diplomat. He led the Koos Group of companies from 1940 until his death. As a chairman of the Straits Exchange Foundation (SEF), Koo arranged ...
, businessman, diplomat *
Koo Kwang-ming Koo Kwang-ming (; born on 15 October 1926) is a Taiwanese people, Taiwanese statesman, businessman and Taiwanese independence, independence activist. Family background Koo was born into a life of privilege. He was the eighth son of Koo Hsien-ju ...
, politician *
Stan Shih Stan Shih (; born 18 December 1944), is the Co-founder & Honorary Chairman of Acer Inc. Acer Inc. ( ; , lit. ''Hongqi Corporation Ltd.'') is a Taiwan Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia East ...
, Co-founder & Honorary Chairman of Acer Inc. * Li Ang, writer *
Shi Shuqing Shi Shuqing (; born 1945) is a Taiwan Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily ...
, writer


References


Citations


Bibliography

* * *


External links

* {{Authority control Townships in Changhua County