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Luciana Clare Berger (; born 13 May 1981) is a former British politician who was Member of Parliament (MP) for Liverpool Wavertree from 2010 to 2019. Initially a member of Labour Co-op, in 2019 she left and co-founded The Independent Group, later Change UK, before joining the Liberal Democrats. A former member of the Official Opposition frontbench, she served under Labour Leader Jeremy Corbyn as Shadow Minister for Mental Health from 2015 to 2016. Born in London, Berger attained degrees at the University of Birmingham and Birkbeck, University of London. She served as a National Executive Committee member of the National Union of Students, but resigned to protest against what she considered the committee's apathy towards antisemitism. Berger also joined Labour and served as director of Labour Friends of Israel. Selected as Labour candidate for Liverpool Wavertree—her selection attracted criticism for its centrally-imposed all-women shortlist—she was then elected an MP in the 2010 general election. As an MP, Berger joined the Official Opposition frontbench under Ed Miliband's Labour leadership; firstly as Shadow Minister for Climate Change from 2010 to 2013 and later as Shadow Minister for Public Health from 2013 to 2015. As a backbencher, she campaigned against dangerous dogs and their owners, food poverty and loopholes allowing companies to avoid their health and safety responsibilities. She was re-elected in the 2015 and 2017 general elections. Following Jeremy Corbyn's election as Labour leader in September 2015, Berger was appointed to the Shadow Cabinet as the first Shadow Minister for Mental Health. However, she was critical of Corbyn and resigned in June 2016. In February 2019, members of her local party briefly proposed motions of no confidence in her for "continually" criticising Corbyn. Later that month, she joined other former Labour and Conservative MPs in forming Change UK, but left this group in June 2019 to sit as an Independent MP, before joining the Liberal Democrats in September 2019. She stood unsuccessfully for Finchley and Golders Green in the 2019 general election.

Early life

Berger was born in London and raised in Wembley, north-west London. She is a great-niece of trade union official and Labour MP Manny Shinwell, who rose to be a Minister in the Ramsay MacDonald government and in the Attlee government, as Secretary of State for War in the latter. He was of Polish Jewish extraction, and was the last MP to throw a punch in parliament, after taking exception to a Conservative MP suggesting that he "get back to Poland". Her father, Howard, studied law at university and initially practised as a solicitor; he now runs a home-furnishings shop. Her mother, Antonia, is an interior designer and children's book writer, wrote a musical hit that made the French charts in the 1960s, and was a counsellor in a palliative care unit. Her grandfather sold ladies’ fashions from a market stall, and her brother is a professional musician. According to Berger, the family was more culturally Jewish than religiously so. She said of her Jewish heritage: "I went to the synagogue a lot, and I was part of a strong community. One of its values, ‘''Tikkun Olam''’, literally means 'repairing the world', and it instilled strong values in me at quite young age." She has described that throughout her upbringing the Labour Party was "part of erDNA," and her "family's heritage."

Education

Berger was educated at Haberdashers' Aske's School for Girls, a private school in Elstree, Hertfordshire. Berger subsequently gained a degree in commerce with Spanish from the University of Birmingham in 2004. She was named the University of Birmingham 2012 Alumna of the Year. She spent a year studying in ICADE in Madrid, Spain. Berger then took on on a part-time basis and completed a master's degree (MSc) in government, politics and policy at Birkbeck, University of London. Berger was a National Executive Committee member of the National Union of Students, Britain's main student representative organisation, serving as an elected member for two years. She co-convened the NUS Anti-Racism/Anti-Fascism Campaign. In April 2005, Berger resigned from the committee along with two other committee members, saying "While I accuse no one of anti-semitism, this year NUS has been a bystander to Jew-hatred". A later independent inquiry later cleared the NUS of failing to tackle antisemitism, but on the other hand criticised the union for not having rigorous complaints procedures in place, and for "lack of proactive response to allegations of anti-semitism". The report recommended that the union apologise. The report was also critical of Berger, for—following complaints from Jewish students that the union was tolerating antisemitism—attending a meeting with the head of the School of Oriental and African Studies, inasmuch as the report suggested that given that she was a national executive member Berger should not have attended the meeting (which it said was implicitly critical of the union), and instead should have sought to support the union in addressing the problem first.

Early career

Berger began her career with the management consultant Accenture in its government strategy Unit from 2005 to 2006, advising the UK Treasury and other parts of the UK government as to how to be more effective and efficient. She then worked for the National Health Service (NHS) Confederation as government and parliamentary manager, campaigning for the NHS within the government from 2006 to 2007. She also ran a non-profit campaigning and education organisation working with democratic socialists and trade unions for peace and security in the Middle East. Berger was the director of Labour Friends of Israel from 2007 to 2010, and stepped down before the 2010 general election to stand in Liverpool.Marcus Dysc
"Luciana Berger: I've been unlucky in the House"
, ''The Jewish Chronicle'', 15 September 2011
She was a committee member of the London Jewish Forum, an organisation dedicated to the promotion of Jewish life in London, and stepped down when she was elected to parliament in 2010.

Parliamentary career



Selection as parliamentary candidate

Berger was selected as prospective parliamentary candidate (PPC) in early 2010 by the Liverpool Wavertree party. There was criticism of the Labour National Executive Committee's imposition of an all-women shortlist (AWS) on the local party, and the Labour leadership was accused of parachuting Berger in as a candidate. During the selection process, Berger lived for a month at the home of Jane Kennedy, then the sitting Labour MP, whose partner was Labour official Peter Dowling, who ran the selection process. The completed ballot papers were returned to Kennedy's home address. Kennedy said that she and Dowling had acted properly. Berger beat her nearest rival by a ratio of two votes to one.

Backbencher

Berger was elected at the 2010 general election with 53.1% of the vote. Beginning in 2010, she campaigned against dangerous dogs and their owners. Reacting to the killings of a number of children by dangerous dogs and the attacks leading to injuries of 5,000 postmen and women a year, she proposed allowing police to take action on private property, produce dog control notices, and instigate compulsory micro-chipping, so that dogs and their owners can be traced more easily. On 31 October 2010, Berger appeared in a Radio Five Live show which also featured among others Kelvin MacKenzie, the former editor of ''The Sun''. MacKenzie was editor at the time when the paper's coverage of the Hillsborough disaster led to vilification of MacKenzie. Berger responded to criticism on her Twitter feed, writing: "Was there for the MP bit with Amber Rudd, wasn't told before who the other guests were". In March 2011, Berger launched a campaign to Save BBC Radio Merseyside, in response to proposals by the BBC to consider reducing locally produced content on their local radio network to cover only the breakfast and drivetime periods and syndicating Five Live during the daytime. Berger was a member of Labour Friends of Israel. In September 2011, ''The Jewish Chronicle'' reported she had been criticised by the Jewish community in Liverpool and supporters of Israel for not using her position to defend Israel, and asserted that the reason was for the sake of career advancement. After 16 months in parliament, she had not mentioned Israel in any of her parliamentary interventions. Berger spoke in support of allowing MPs to tweet in the House of Commons, during a debate on 13 October 2011. She said moves to effectively ban the use of Twitter were "anti-democratic, regressive and bemusing to the public," and that "It's a very useful way to connect with communities we were elected to serve." Berger campaigned against food poverty, which she described as a "national scandal". In 2012, she produced and directed a film, ''Breadline Britain'', dealing with food poverty. She was the first MP to secure a parliamentary debate on food banks, and brought the issue back to parliament more than 16 times. Berger raised the issue in 2012 and thereafter of loopholes allowing companies to avoid their health and safety responsibilities. She argued that parliament has a responsibility to close those loopholes. In 2015, Berger applied for selection as Labour Party candidate for the position of Metro Mayor of the Liverpool City Region, but on 10 August 2016 failed to be selected. She was the only woman campaigning to be a Labour candidate for the newly created metro mayor position. Soon after her election victory in 2010, Berger was elected to the Business, Innovation and Skills Committee and the Finance and Services Committee, but left the roles when she was appointed a junior shadow minister in October of that year. Returning to the backbenches in 2016, she served on the House of Commons' Health Committee, later the Health and Social Care Committee, from October 2016 to May 2017 and from September 2017 to November 2019.

Antisemitic abuse

Berger described receiving a 'torrent of anti-Semitic abuse' beginning from her selection and election as an MP. In January 2013, Merseyside music promoter Philip Hayes was convicted of a racially aggravated public order offence and fined £120 after making a series of antisemitic remarks about Jews to Berger at the Liverpool Music Awards. He later apologised and said he had been drunk and was acting out of character. In October 2014, Garron Helm, a member of the neo-Nazi National Action youth group, was imprisoned for four weeks after he sent an antisemitic tweet to Berger in August 2014. He served two weeks before being released. Following the conviction, it was reported similar messages to her were being posted on Twitter. According to Berger in December 2014, " the height of the abuse, the police said I was the subject of 2,500 hate messages in the space of three days" using the same hashtag. She had to take security measures where she lived in Liverpool, and also at her London home. She has accused Twitter of insufficient action to counter the problem. In her view, the site "could start by proactively banning racist words which aren't allowed to be printed in newspapers or broadcast on TV that could never be used in a positive way". During the 2015 general election campaign, UK Independence Party prospective parliamentary candidate for West Lancashire, Jack Sen tweeted at Berger, "Protect child benefits? If you had it your way you'd send the £ to Poland/Israel". UKIP suspended Sen from the party for the antisemitic tweet to Berger, as well as other similar comments. Joshua Bonehill-Paine, a supporter of Garron Helm and a self-described far-right antisemite, was convicted of racially aggravated harassment of Berger in December 2016. He was sentenced to two years in prison. In February 2017, John Nimmo was sentenced to 27 months in prison after pleading guilty to nine charges, including sending Berger death threats and antisemitic messages signed "your friend the Nazi". After Berger asked Jeremy Corbyn's office in March 2018 why in 2012 he had queried the removal by a local council of an allegedly antisemitic mural by Mear One, she received further online abuse which she stated came from left-wing individuals. She has noted the "volume and toxicity of stuff that comefrom the left for daring to speak out, for daring to address this" and that "people believe there is a place for anti-Semitism on the left". She also noted the antisemitic abuse she had received from Twitter accounts with the hashtag 'JC4PM', a hashtag promoting support for Jeremy Corbyn in his prime ministerial campaign. In July 2018, Jack Coulson, a teenager obsessed with neo-Nazism and who allegedly had told an acquaintance that he was going to kill Berger, was jailed for eight-and-a-half months for possessing a document for terrorist purposes. He had a past conviction for making a pipe bomb.

Shadow Climate Change Minister and Shadow Health Minister

As Shadow Minister for Climate Change for three years, Berger was critical of the Conservative government's actions on the environmental agenda. She focused in particular on the Green Investment Bank and the Green Deal, writing in the environment section of ''The Guardian'' about the need for a pro-environmental-business agenda. In the run up to the 2011 budget, Berger also contributed an article to the Labour blog ''Left Foot Forward'', challenging the Chancellor of the Exchequer to meet "three Climate Change tests" in order for the government to reach the Prime Minister's aim of being the "Greenest Government ever". In June 2011, Berger secured an amendment to the Energy Bill, the Green Deal apprenticeship programme. The amendment states that the Secretary of State would report to parliament on proposals for an apprenticeships scheme within the Green Deal. She later criticised the Green Deal, saying in ''The Independent'': "Because of sky-high interest rates, hidden charges and penalty payments, the reality for most people will be that the Green Deal ends up costing them more than they save". On 8 October 2013, Berger was appointed Shadow Minister for Public Health following a frontbench reshuffle. She had previously signed parliamentary motions in support of NHS funding for homeopathy. A Labour Party spokesman said: "Luciana fully supports the scientific evidence on the use of homeopathy. These old petitions will have no impact on her work as a shadow Health minister". In the 2015 general election, Berger was returned with an increased majority of 69.3%. Following the election of Jeremy Corbyn as Labour Party Leader in September 2015, Berger was appointed to the Shadow Cabinet as the newly established Shadow Minister for Mental Health. The position did not have an identical counterpart in the then-current Conservative government. She resigned from the post on 27 June 2016 in the mass resignation of shadow ministers from the Labour frontbench over concerns about Corbyn's leadership.

Re-election in 2017 and no confidence motions

In the 2017 general election, Berger was returned with an increased majority of 79.6%. Following the election, she was appointed parliamentary chair of the Jewish Labour Movement, a post she held until leaving the parliamentary party in February 2019. On 7 February 2019, Berger's Liverpool Wavertree constituency announced that two motions of no confidence in her had been submitted by local members, both condemning her for "continually" criticising the Labour Party leader. Both motions were withdrawn. While both motions referred to Berger's attacks on the party leadership, John McDonnell suggested that speculation that Berger was considering co-founding a breakaway party was a factor. Louise Ellman, another Liverpool Jewish Labour MP, claimed that the motive had been antisemitic. Labour's deputy leader, Tom Watson, defended Berger in the Commons, saying she had "our solidarity, our support, as she battles the bullying and hatred from members of her own local party. They bring disgrace to the party I love." Former Labour Prime Minister Tony Blair called Berger's treatment "shameful", and said: "The fact that someone like Luciana Berger – who is a smart, capable, active member of parliament doing her best for her constituents – the fact that she should even be subject to a no-confidence motion with this type of allegation swirling around is shameful for the Labour party."


The Independent Group and The Independents


On 18 February 2019, Berger and six other MPs – Chuka Umunna, Chris Leslie, Angela Smith, Mike Gapes, Gavin Shuker and Ann Coffey – resigned from the Labour Party in protest at Jeremy Corbyn's leadership to form The Independent Group, later Change UK. In Berger's resignation speech, she described the Labour Party as being "institutionally anti-Semitic" and said she was "ashamed to remain in the Labour Party". The group cited disagreements over the handling of Brexit and antisemitism within the party as reasons for leaving. They subsequently gained four additional members, bringing their ranks to eleven in total: adding Labour's Joan Ryan but also the Conservatives' Anna Soubry, Heidi Allen and Sarah Wollaston. In June 2019, she left Change UK to sit as an independent MP. In July 2019, Berger was a founding member of a grouping of MPs called The Independents. In July 2019 a spokesman for Berger said she had "no intention" of joining the Liberal Democrats.


Liberal Democrats


In September 2019, Berger joined the Liberal Democrats. She cited the party's anti-Brexit platform as her primary reason for changing affiliation. In December of that year, she said the antisemitism complaints which had prompted her to leave the Labour Party were still unresolved within the party. When new leader Jo Swinson was elected in 2019, Berger was appointed the party's spokesperson for health, wellbeing and social care. Berger was selected as the Liberal Democrat candidate for the Greater London constituency of Finchley and Golders Green at the 2019 United Kingdom general election. She made the decision to stand in the constituency because of its high Jewish population and the high proportion of its electorate who had voted to remain in the EU; she also claimed she had more of an affinity towards living in London and she would be raising her children there, rather than in Liverpool. She received 31.9% of the votes cast and finished second to the Conservative candidate Mike Freer, who received 43.8% and won with a majority of 11.9%.

Post-political career

On 2 July 2020, Berger became head of public affairs at PR company Edelman UK.

Personal life and awards

Berger married Liverpool music manager Alistair Goldsmith at the city's Princes Road Synagogue in June 2015. The couple's first child, a daughter, Amelie, was born in March 2017 and their second child, a son, Zion, in March 2019. She observes the main Jewish holidays. As a student activist and new Labour MP, Berger was romantically linked to Tony Blair's son Euan and with Chuka Umunna, later also a member of the Liberal Democrats. She denied that she was involved in a relationship with Blair, but confirmed that she was once romantically involved with Umunna. Berger was shortlisted for the Grassroot Diplomat Initiative Award in 2015 for her campaign against food poverty, in which she had produced a film to highlight the growing concerns of some of her constituents reliant on food banks. Berger became a vice president of the Jewish Leadership Council in June 2019.

References



External links


Biography at The Independent Group
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