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Los Angeles International Airport , commonly referred to as LAX (with each of its letters pronounced individually), is the primary
international airport An international airport is an airport An airport is an with extended facilities, mostly for commercial air transport. Airports often have facilities to park and maintain aircraft, and a . An airport consists of a , which comprises an ...

international airport
serving
Los Angeles Los Angeles ( ; xgf, Tovaangar; es, Los Ángeles, , ), commonly referred to by the initialism An acronym is a word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that can be u ...

Los Angeles
and its surrounding metropolitan area. LAX is located in the
Westchester Westchester may refer to: __NOTOC__ Geography *Westchester Station, Nova Scotia, Canada United States *Westchester, Connecticut *Westchester, Florida *Westchester, Illinois *Westchester, Indiana *Westchester, Los Angeles, California *Westchester Co ...
neighborhood of Los Angeles, southwest of
Downtown Los Angeles Downtown Los Angeles (DTLA) is the central business district A central business district (CBD) is the commercial and business center of a city. It contains commercial space and offices. In larger cities, it is often synonymous with the city's ...

Downtown Los Angeles
, with the commercial and residential areas of Westchester to the north, the city of El Segundo to the south and the city of Inglewood to the east. LAX is the closest airport to the Westside and the South Bay. The airport is operated by
Los Angeles World Airports Los Angeles World Airports (LAWA) is the airport authority that owns and operates Los Angeles International Airport Los Angeles International Airport , commonly referred to as LAX (with each of its letters pronounced individually), is the p ...
(LAWA), a branch of the Los Angeles city government, that also operates
Van Nuys Airport : ''For the United States Air Force use of the airport (1942–1990), see Van Nuys Air National Guard Base'' Van Nuys Airport is a public airport in Van Nuys, Los Angeles, Van Nuys in the San Fernando Valley section of the Los Angeles, City of ...
for general aviation. The airport covers of land and has four parallel runways. In 2019, LAX handled 88,068,013 passengers, making it the world's third busiest and the United States' second busiest airport following
Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport , also known as Atlanta Hartsfield–Jackson International Airport, Atlanta Airport, Hartsfield, Hartsfield–Jackson or by its airport code ATL, is the primary international airport An int ...
. As the largest and busiest international airport on the U.S. West Coast, LAX is a major international gateway to the United States, and also serves a connection point for passengers traveling internationally (such as between
East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia, which is defined in both Geography, geographical and culture, ethno-cultural terms. The modern State (polity), states of East Asia include China, Japan, Mongolia, North Korea, South Korea, and Taiwan. ...

East Asia
and
South America South America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven geographical regions are commonly regarded as continent ...

South America
). The airport holds the record for the world's busiest origin and destination airport, since relative to other airports, many more travelers begin or end their trips in Los Angeles than use it as a connection. It is also the only airport to rank among the top five U.S. airports for both passenger and cargo traffic. LAX serves as a major hub or
focus city Airline hubs or hub airports are used by one or more airline An airline is a company that provides air transport services for traveling passengers and freight. Airlines utilize aircraft to supply these services and may form partnerships or A ...
for more passenger airlines than any other airport in the United States. While LAX is the busiest airport in the Greater Los Angeles Area, several other airports, including
Hollywood Burbank Airport Hollywood Burbank Airport, legally and formerly marketed as Bob Hope Airport , is a public airport northwest of downtown Burbank, in Los Angeles County, California, United States.. Federal Aviation Administration. effective November 9, 2017 Th ...
,
John Wayne Airport John Wayne Airport is a commercial and general aviation airport that serves Orange County, California, and the Greater Los Angeles area. The airport is located in an unincorporated area of Orange County, and it is owned and operated by the c ...
(Orange County),
Long Beach Airport Long Beach Airport is a public airport three miles northeast of downtown Long Beach, in Los Angeles County, California, United States. It was formerly called Daugherty Field. The airport was an operating base for JetBlue, but this ended on Oc ...
and
Ontario International Airport Ontario International Airport is a public airport two miles east of downtown Ontario, California, Ontario, in San Bernardino County, California, United States, about east of Downtown Los Angeles and west of Downtown San Bernardino. It is owne ...
, serve the region.


History

In 1926, the
Los Angeles City Council The Los Angeles City Council is the legislative body of the City of Los Angeles. The council is composed of 15 members elected from single-member districts for four-year terms. The president of the council and the president ''pro tempore'' are ch ...
and the Chamber of Commerce recognized the need for the city to have its own airport to tap into the fledgling, but quickly growing aviation industry. Several locations were considered, but the final choice was a field in the southern part of
Westchester Westchester may refer to: __NOTOC__ Geography *Westchester Station, Nova Scotia, Canada United States *Westchester, Connecticut *Westchester, Florida *Westchester, Illinois *Westchester, Indiana *Westchester, Los Angeles, California *Westchester Co ...
. The location had been promoted by real estate agent William W. Mines, and Mines Field as it was known, had already been selected to host the 1928 National Air Races. On August 13, 1928 the city leased the land and the newly formed Department of Airports began converting the fields once used to grow
wheat Wheat is a grass widely cultivated for its seed, a cereal grain which is a worldwide staple food. The many species of wheat together make up the genus ''Triticum''; the most widely grown is common wheat Common wheat (''Triticum aestivum'' ...

wheat
,
barley Barley (''Hordeum vulgare''), a member of the grass family Poaceae () or Gramineae () is a large and nearly ubiquitous family In human society, family (from la, familia) is a group of people related either by consanguinity (by recogn ...

barley
and
lima beans Lima bean (''Phaseolus lunatus'') also commonly known as the butter bean, sieva bean, double bean, Madagascar bean, chad bean, or wax bean is a legume A legume () is a plant Plants are mainly multicellular organisms, predominantly photos ...
into dirt landing strips. The airport opened on October 1, 1928 and the first structure, Hangar No. 1, was erected in 1929. The building still stands at the airport, remaining in active use and listed on the
National Register of Historic Places The National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) is the United States federal government The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government or U.S. government) is the national government of the United States ...
. Over the next year, the airport started to come together: the dirt runway was replaced with an all-weather surface and more hangars, a restaurant, and a control tower were built. On June 7, 1930, the facility was dedicated and renamed Los Angeles Municipal Airport. The airport was used by private pilots and flying schools, but the city’s vision was that Los Angeles would become the main passenger hub for the area. However, the airport failed to entice any carriers away from the established
Burbank Airport Hollywood Burbank Airport, legally and formerly marketed as Bob Hope Airport , is a public airport northwest of downtown Burbank, in Los Angeles County, California, United States.. Federal Aviation Administration. effective November 9, 2017 Th ...
or the
Grand Central Airport Grand Central Airport is a small privately owned airfield which is open to public air traffic. It is located in Midrand Midrand is an area in central Gauteng Province, South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa ...
in Glendale. World War II put a pause on any further development of the airport for passenger use. Before the United States entered the war, the aviation manufacturers located around the airport were busy providing aircraft for the allied powers, while the flying schools found themselves in high demand. In January 1942, the military assumed control of the airport, stationing fighter planes at the airfield and building naval gun batteries in the ocean dunes to the west. Meanwhile, airport managers published a master plan for the land, and in early 1943 and convinced voters to back a $12.5 million bond for airport improvements. With a plan and funding in place, the airlines were finally convinced to make the move. After the end of the war, four temporary terminals were quickly erected on the north side of the airport and on December 9, 1946,
American Airlines American Airlines, Inc. (AA or AAL) is a major American airline headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas Fort Worth is the fifth-largest city in the U.S. state In the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly kn ...

American Airlines
,
Trans World Airlines Trans World Airlines (TWA) was a major American airline which operated from 1930 until 2001. It was formed as Transcontinental & Western Air to operate a route from New York City to Los Angeles via St. Louis, Kansas City, and other stops, with ...
(TWA),
United Airlines United Airlines, Inc. (commonly referred to as United) is a major American airline headquartered in Willis Tower The Willis Tower (formerly known as and commonly referred to as the Sears Tower) is a 108-story Story or stories may refer t ...

United Airlines
,
Southwest Airways Pacific Air Lines was a regional airline (then called a "local service" air carrier as defined by the federal Civil Aeronautics Board) on the West Coast of the United States that began scheduled passenger flights in the mid 1940s under the nam ...
and
Western Airlines Western Airlines was a major airline based in California California is a U.S. state, state in the Western United States. With over 39.3million residents across a total area of approximately , it is the List of states and territories of t ...

Western Airlines
began passenger operations at the airport, with
Pan American Airways Pan American World Airways, originally founded as Pan American Airways and commonly known as Pan Am, was the principal and largest international air carrier An airline is a company that provides air transport services for traveling passeng ...
(Pan Am) joining the next month. The airport was renamed Los Angeles International Airport in 1949. The temporary terminals would remain in place for 15 years but quickly became inadequate, especially as air travel entered the "
jet age #REDIRECT Jet Age #REDIRECT Jet Age The Jet Age is a period in the history of aviation defined by the advent of aircraft powered by turbine A turbine ( or ) (from the Greek , ''tyrbē'', or Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language bel ...
" and other cities invested in modern facilities. Airport leaders once again convinced voters to back a $59 million bond on June 5, 1956. The current layout of the passenger facilities was established in 1958 with a plan to build a series of terminals and parking facilities, arranged in the shape of the letter U, in the central portion of the property. The original plan called for the terminal buildings connected at the center of the property by a huge steel-and-glass dome. The dome was never built, but a smaller
Theme Building The Theme Building is an landmark, iconic Space Age#Arts and architecture, Space Age structure at Los Angeles International Airport (LAX). Influenced by "Populuxe" architecture, it is an example of the Mid-century modern design movement later to ...
built in the central area became a focal point for people coming to the airport. The first of the new passenger buildings, Terminals 7 and 8, were opened for
United Airlines United Airlines, Inc. (commonly referred to as United) is a major American airline headquartered in Willis Tower The Willis Tower (formerly known as and commonly referred to as the Sears Tower) is a 108-story Story or stories may refer t ...

United Airlines
on June 25, 1961, following opening festivities that lasted several days. Terminals 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 opened later that same year. A major expansion of the airport came in the early 1980s, ahead of the 1984 Summer Olympic Games. In November 1983 a second-level roadway was added, Terminal 1 opened in January 1984 and the Tom Bradley International Terminal opened in June 1984. The original terminals also received expansions and updates in the 1980s. Since 2008, the airport has been undergoing another major expansion. All of the terminals are being refurbished, and the Tom Bradley International Terminal was completely rebuilt, with a West Gates concourse added. Outside of the terminal area, a 4,300 stall parking structure, a
Los Angeles Metro Rail The Los Angeles Metro Rail is an urban rail transportation system serving Los Angeles County, California Los Angeles County, officially the County of Los Angeles, is the most populous county in the United States The United States o ...
station, and a consolidated rental car facility are being built. All will be connected to the terminal area by the
LAX Automated People Mover The LAX Automated People Mover is an automated people mover (APM) system currently under construction for Los Angeles International Airport. Operated by Los Angeles World Airports, the LAX APM will be in traveling distance and will have six stati ...

LAX Automated People Mover
. In the near future, airport managers plan to build two more terminals (0 and 9). All together, these projects are expected to cost of $14 billion and bring LAX's total gates from 146 to 182.


The "X" in LAX

Before the 1930s, US airports used a two-letter abbreviation and at that time, "LA" served as the designation for Los Angeles Airport. With the rapid growth in the aviation industry, in 1947, the identifiers expanded to three letters and "LA" received an extra letter to become "LAX." The letter "X" does not otherwise have any specific meaning in this identifier. "LAX" is also used for the
Port of Los Angeles The Port of Los Angeles, also promoted as "America's Port", is a seaport managed by the Los Angeles Harbor Department, a unit of the City of Los Angeles. It occupies of land and water along of waterfront and adjoins the separate Port of Long Bea ...

Port of Los Angeles
in San Pedro and by for
Union Station A union station (also known as a union terminal and, in Europe, a joint station) is a railway station Rail transport (also known as train transport) is a means of transferring passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, whi ...

Union Station
in
downtown Los Angeles Downtown Los Angeles (DTLA) is the central business district A central business district (CBD) is the commercial and business center of a city. It contains commercial space and offices. In larger cities, it is often synonymous with the city's ...

downtown Los Angeles
.


Infrastructure


Airfield

24R/06L and 24L/06R (designated the North Airfield Complex) are north of the airport terminals, and 25R/07L and 25L/07R (designated the South Airfield Complex) are south of the airport terminals. LAX is located with the Pacific Ocean to the west and residential communities on all other sides. Since 1972, Los Angeles World Airports has adopted a "Preferential Runway Use Policy" to minimize noise levels in the communities closest to LAX. Typically the loudest operations at an airport are from departing aircraft (as engines operate at full power), so during daytime hours (6:30am to midnight), LAX prefers to operate under the "Westerly Operations" air traffic pattern, named for the prevailing west winds. Under "Westerly Operations", departing aircraft take off to the west (over the ocean), and arriving aircraft approach from the east. To reduce noise to areas north and south of the airport, LAX prefers to use the "inboard" runways (06R/24L and 07L/25R) closest to the central terminal area and further from residential areas for departures, and the "outboard" runways are preferred for arrivals. Historically, over 90% of flights have used the "inboard" departures and "outboard" arrivals scheme. During nighttime hours, when there are fewer aircraft operations and residential areas tend to be more noise sensitive, additional changes are made to reduce noise. Between 10pm and 7am, air traffic controls try to use the "outboard" runways as little as possible and between midnight and 6:30am the air traffic pattern shifts to "Over-Ocean Operations" where departing aircraft continue to take off to the west, but arriving aircraft also approach from the west (over the ocean). There are times when the Over-Ocean and Westerly operations are not possible, particularly when the winds originate from the east, typically during inclement weather and
Santa Ana winds The Santa Ana winds are strong, extremely dry downslope winds that originate inland and affect coastal Southern California Southern California (popularly known as SoCal; es, Sur de California) is a geographic and cultural region that generall ...
events. When that happens, the airport shifts to the non-preferred "Easterly Operations" air traffic pattern where departing aircraft take off to the east, and arriving aircraft approach from the west. The South Airfield Complex tends to see more operations than the North, due to a larger number of passenger gates and air cargo operations. Runways in the North Airfield Complex are separated by . Plans have been advanced and approved to increase the separation by , which would allow a central taxiway between runways, despite opposition from residents living north of LAX. The separation between the two runways in the South Airfield Complex has already increased by to accommodate a central taxiway.


Terminals

LAX has nine passenger terminals with a total of 146 gates arranged in the shape of the letter U or a horseshoe that are identified by numbers except for the Tom Bradley International Terminal. The Midfield Satellite Concourse, now renamed the West Gates, an expansion for international flights reached through the Tom Bradley Terminal, opened on May 1, 2021. There are of cargo facilities at LAX, as well as a
heliport A heliport, helidrome or rotor station is a small airport An airport is an aerodrome An aerodrome (Commonwealth English The use of the English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language firs ...

heliport
operated by Bravo Aviation.


Theme Building

The distinctive
Theme Building The Theme Building is an landmark, iconic Space Age#Arts and architecture, Space Age structure at Los Angeles International Airport (LAX). Influenced by "Populuxe" architecture, it is an example of the Mid-century modern design movement later to ...
, designed by Pereira & Luckman architect Paul Williams in the
Googie Googie architecture ( ) is a type of futurist architecture influenced by car culture, Jet aircraft, jets, the Space Age, and the Atomic Age. It originated in Southern California with the Streamline Moderne architecture of the 1930s, and was popu ...
style and built in 1961 by Robert E. McKee Construction Co., resembles a flying saucer that has landed on its four legs. A restaurant with a sweeping view of the airport is suspended beneath two arches that form the legs. The
Los Angeles City Council The Los Angeles City Council is the legislative body of the City of Los Angeles. The council is composed of 15 members elected from single-member districts for four-year terms. The president of the council and the president ''pro tempore'' are ch ...
designated the building a
Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments are sites which have been designated by the Los Angeles, California Los Angeles (; es, Los Ángeles; "The Angels"), officially the City of Los Angeles and often abbreviated as L.A., is the largest ...
in 1992. A $4 million renovation, with
retro-futuristic sailing ship airborne ("White Cruiser of the clouds"), 1902 Retrofuturism (adjective ''retrofuturistic'' or ''retrofuture'') is a movement in the creative arts showing the influence of depictions of the future produced in an earlier era. If fu ...

retro-futuristic
interior and electric lighting designed by
Walt Disney Imagineering Walt Disney Imagineering Research & Development, Inc., commonly referred to as Imagineering, is the research and development arm of The Walt Disney Company, responsible for the creation, design, and construction of Disney Parks, Experiences and ...
, was completed before the Encounter Restaurant opened there in 1997 but is no longer in business. Visitors are able to take the elevator up to the observation deck of the "Theme Building", which had previously been closed after the
September 11, 2001 attacks The September 11 attacks, also commonly referred to as 9/11, were a series of four coordinated Terrorism, terrorist attacks by the militant Islamism, Islamist terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, S ...
for security reasons. A memorial to the victims of the 9/11 attacks is located on the grounds, as three of the four hijacked planes were originally destined for LAX. The Bob Hope USO expanded and relocated to the first floor of the Theme Building in 2018.


Future developments

LAWA currently has several plans to modernize LAX, at a cost of $14 billion. These include terminal and runway improvements, which will enhance the passenger experience, reduce overcrowding, and provide airport access to the latest class of very large passenger aircraft; this would bring LAX's total gates from 146 to 182. These improvements include: * Reconstruction of Terminals 1 (completed), 2 (completed), 3 (under construction), 4 (under construction), and 6 (under construction) *Construction of Terminal 1.5, a connector building between terminals 1 and 2, with a post-security bridge between the terminals and a bus gate to take passengers to boarding gates in the Tom Bradley International Terminal (completed) *Reconstruction of Tom Bradley International Terminal (completed) *Construction of the West Gates at Tom Bradley International Terminal adding 15 gates (completed) *Expansion of the West Gates at Tom Bradley International adding 8 temporary gates (under construction) *Construction of the
LAX Automated People Mover The LAX Automated People Mover is an automated people mover (APM) system currently under construction for Los Angeles International Airport. Operated by Los Angeles World Airports, the LAX APM will be in traveling distance and will have six stati ...

LAX Automated People Mover
(APM) (under construction) *Construction of the Economy Parking, a 4,300 stall parking structure with passenger pick-up/drop-off areas, connected to the terminal area by the APM (completed) *Construction of the Intermodal Transportation Facility – East (ITF-East), a
Los Angeles Metro Rail The Los Angeles Metro Rail is an urban rail transportation system serving Los Angeles County, California Los Angeles County, officially the County of Los Angeles, is the most populous county in the United States The United States o ...
and bus station, connected to the terminal area by the APM (under construction) *Construction of a consolidated rental car facility, connected to the terminal area by the APM (under construction) *Construction of Concourse 0 east of Terminal 1, adding 9 gates and an additional international arrivals facility (planned) *Construction of Terminal 9 east of Sepulveda Boulevard, adding 12 gates and an additional international arrivals facility (planned)


Airlines and destinations


Passenger


Cargo


Traffic and statistics

It is the world's fourth-busiest airport by passenger traffic and eleventh-busiest by cargo traffic, serving over 87 million passengers and 2 million tons of freight and mail in 2018. It is the busiest airport in the state of California, and the second-busiest airport by passenger boardings in the United States. In terms of international passengers, the second busiest airport for international traffic in the United States, behind only JFK in New York City. The number of aircraft movements (landings and takeoffs) was 700,362 in 2017, the third most of any airport in the world.


Top domestic destinations


Top international destinations


Airline market share


Ground transportation and access


Transiting between terminals

In the secure area of the airport, tunnels or above-ground connectors link terminals 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and B (Tom Bradley International Terminal). Connectors are currently under construction between terminals 1, 2, 3 and B. LAX Shuttle route A operates in a counter-clockwise loop around the Central Terminal Area, providing frequent service for connecting passengers. However, connecting passengers who use these shuttles must leave and then later re-enter security.


LAX Shuttle routes

LAX operates several shuttle routes to connect passengers and employees around the airport area: Route A Terminal Connector operates in a counter-clockwise loop around the Central Terminal Area, providing frequent service for connecting passengers. However, connecting passengers who use these shuttles must leave and then later re-enter security. Route C City Bus Center connects the Central Terminal Area and the LAX City Bus Center which is served by transit buses from
Beach Cities Transit Beach Cities Transit provides mass transportation for the Los Angeles Los Angeles (; es, Los Ángeles; "The Angels"), officially the City of Los Angeles and often abbreviated as L.A., is the List of cities and towns in California, largest ...
,
Culver CityBus Culver CityBus is a public transport agency operating in Culver City, California Culver City is a city in Los Angeles County, California. As of 2019, the estimated population was 39,185. The city was named after its founder, Harry Culver. Origina ...
,
Los Angeles Metro The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (LACMTA), commonly branded as Metro, is the agency that plans, operates, and coordinates funding for most of the transportation system A transport network, or transportation network i ...
, Santa Monica
Big Blue Bus Big Blue Bus is a municipal bus service serving the city of Santa Monica Santa Monica () is a beachfront city in western Los Angeles County, California Los Angeles County, officially the County of Los Angeles, is the most populous count ...

Big Blue Bus
and
Torrance Transit Torrance Transit is a transit agency primarily serving the South Bay, Los Angeles, South Bay region of Los Angeles County. History Torrance Transit inaugurated service on January 15, 1940 using three leased 1931 Mack-33 buses. The new agency provi ...
. Buses on this route also serve the Employee South Lot. Route E Economy Parking connects the Central Terminal Area and the Intermodal Transport Facility–West, the airport's economy parking garage. Route M Metro Connector connects the Central Terminal Area and the Aviation/LAX station on the Metro C Line, away. Buses also stop at the "Remote Rental Car Depot," a bus stop served by shuttles to smaller rental car companies. Route X LAX Employee Lots connects the Central Terminal Area and the Employee Parking Lots. The route has three service patterns, the East Lot route only stops at Terminals 1, 2, 3, and B; the West Lot route only stops at Terminals 4, 5, 6, and 7; and the South Lot route stops at all terminals and also stops at the City Bus Center as Route C.


Transit buses

Most transit buses operate from the LAX City Bus Center, which is located away from the Central Terminal Area, inside Parking Lot C on 96th Street, east of Sepulveda Boulevard. LAX Shuttle route C offers free connections between the LAX City Bus Center/Parking Lot C and the Central Terminal Area. The LAX City Bus Center is served by
Beach Cities Transit Beach Cities Transit provides mass transportation for the Los Angeles Los Angeles (; es, Los Ángeles; "The Angels"), officially the City of Los Angeles and often abbreviated as L.A., is the List of cities and towns in California, largest ...
line 109 to Redondo Beach,
Culver CityBus Culver CityBus is a public transport agency operating in Culver City, California Culver City is a city in Los Angeles County, California. As of 2019, the estimated population was 39,185. The city was named after its founder, Harry Culver. Origina ...
lines 6 and Rapid 6 to
Culver City Culver City is a city in Los Angeles County, California. As of 2020, the estimated population was 40,779. The city was named after its founder, Harry Culver. It is mostly surrounded by the city of Los Angeles, but also shares a border with uninco ...
and
UCLA The University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization An organization, or organ ...
,
Los Angeles Metro The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (LACMTA), commonly branded as Metro, is the agency that plans, operates, and coordinates funding for most of the transportation system A transport network, or transportation network i ...
lines 102 to
South Gate South is one of the cardinal directions or compass points. South is the opposite of north and is perpendicular to the east and west. Etymology The word ''south'' comes from Old English ''sūþ'', from earlier Proto-Germanic language, Proto-Germa ...
, 111 to Norwalk, 117 to Downey and 232 to
Long Beach Long Beach is a city in Los Angeles County, California. It is the list of United States cities by population, 42nd-most populous city in the United States, with a population of 466,742 as of 2020. A charter city, Long Beach is the List of citie ...
, Santa Monica
Big Blue Bus Big Blue Bus is a municipal bus service serving the city of Santa Monica Santa Monica () is a beachfront city in western Los Angeles County, California Los Angeles County, officially the County of Los Angeles, is the most populous count ...

Big Blue Bus
lines 3 and Rapid 3 to
Santa Monica Santa Monica () is a beachfront city in western Los Angeles County, California Los Angeles County, officially the County of Los Angeles, and sometimes abbreviated as L.A. County, is the List of the most populous counties in the United Stat ...

Santa Monica
, and
Torrance Transit Torrance Transit is a transit agency primarily serving the South Bay, Los Angeles, South Bay region of Los Angeles County. History Torrance Transit inaugurated service on January 15, 1940 using three leased 1931 Mack-33 buses. The new agency provi ...
line 8 to Torrance. During the overnight hours, Los Angeles Metro line 40 offers service to Downtown Los Angeles. The LAX City Bus Center will eventually be replaced by the Intermodal Transport Facility-East, which will be connected to the rest of LAX by the Automated People Mover system. There is also a bus stop at
Sepulveda Boulevard Sepulveda Boulevard is a major street and transportation corridor in the City of Los Angeles Los Angeles (; es, Los Ángeles; "The Angels"), officially the City of Los Angeles and often abbreviated as L.A., is the List of cities and tow ...
and
Century Boulevard Century Boulevard is a major east-west thoroughfare in the southern portion of Los Angeles Los Angeles (; es, Los Ángeles; "The Angels"), officially the City of Los Angeles and often abbreviated as L.A., is the List of cities and town ...
that is a walk away from Terminals 1 and 7/8 that is served by
LADOT Commuter Express building, where the department is housed. The Los Angeles Department of Transportation, commonly referred to as LADOT, is a municipal agency that oversees transportation planning, design, construction, maintenance and operations within the city of ...
line 574 to
Sylmar Sylmar is a suburban neighborhood in the and is the northernmost neighborhood within the . Historically known for its profusion of sylvan olive orchards, Sylmar can trace its past to the 18th century and the founding of the . In 1890, olive pro ...
and Encino. This bus stop is also served by some of the same routes as the LAX City Bus Center: Los Angeles Metro lines 40 (overnight only), 117 and 232 and Torrance Transit line 8.


FlyAway Bus

The FlyAway bus is a nonstop motorcoach/shuttle service run by LAWA, which provides scheduled service between LAX and
Union Station A union station (also known as a union terminal and, in Europe, a joint station) is a railway station Rail transport (also known as train transport) is a means of transferring passengers and goods on wheeled vehicles running on rails, whi ...

Union Station
in Downtown LA or the FlyAway Terminal at the Van Nuys Airport in the
San Fernando Valley The San Fernando Valley, known locally as "the Valley", is an urbanized valley in Los Angeles County, California. Located just north of the Los Angeles Basin, it contains a large portion of the City of Los Angeles, as well as unincorporated ar ...

San Fernando Valley
. FlyAway buses stop at every LAX terminal in a counter-clockwise direction, starting at terminal 1. The service hours vary based on the line, with most leaving on or near the top of the hour. Buses use the regional system of and high-occupancy toll lanes (
Metro ExpressLanes The Metro ExpressLanes project is a transport project in Los Angeles County, California that debuted in 2012 to "improve traffic flow and provide enhanced travel options on I-10 and I-110 in Los Angeles County". It includes a range of infrastruct ...
) to expedite their trips.


Metro Rail

LAX does not currently have any direct service from the Los Angeles Metro Rail system, however there is a bus connection to a nearby station. LAX Shuttle route G offers free connections between the Central Terminal Area and the Aviation/LAX station on the C Line, away. In 2023, Aviation/Century station on the
K Line . is a Japanese transportation company. It owns a fleet that includes dry cargo ships (bulk carriers), Containerization, container ships, liquefied natural gas carriers, Roll-on/roll-off, Ro-Ro ships, Tanker (ship), tankers, and container termi ...
is expected to open about away from the Central Terminal Area and will the LAX Shuttle will be rerouted. In 2024, Aviation/96th Street station on the K Line is expected to open and will have a direct connection to the LAX Automated People Mover system to the Central Terminal Area.


LAX Automated People Mover

The
LAX Automated People Mover The LAX Automated People Mover is an automated people mover (APM) system currently under construction for Los Angeles International Airport. Operated by Los Angeles World Airports, the LAX APM will be in traveling distance and will have six stati ...

LAX Automated People Mover
(APM) is an electric train system currently under construction by LAWA. The APM will travel and will have three stations serving the Central Terminal Area (Terminals 1–8 and the Tom Bradley International Terminal). Leaving the Central Terminal Area stations, heading east, the first station will be the Intermodal Transportation Facility–West, a large long-term parking structure, located near employee parking and hotels. The next station will be the Intermodal Transportation Facility–East, which is being built on top of Metro Rail's Aviation/96th Street station and will also have a transit bus terminal. The last stop on the APM will be Consolidated Rent-A-Car facility, which will house of the car rental companies. The APM project is estimated to cost $5.5 billion and be completed in 2023.


Freeways and roads

LAX's terminals are immediately west of the interchange between
Century Boulevard Century Boulevard is a major east-west thoroughfare in the southern portion of Los Angeles Los Angeles (; es, Los Ángeles; "The Angels"), officially the City of Los Angeles and often abbreviated as L.A., is the List of cities and town ...
and
Sepulveda Boulevard Sepulveda Boulevard is a major street and transportation corridor in the City of Los Angeles Los Angeles (; es, Los Ángeles; "The Angels"), officially the City of Los Angeles and often abbreviated as L.A., is the List of cities and tow ...
(
State Route 1 The following highways are numbered 1. For roads numbered A1, see list of A1 roads. For roads numbered B1, see list of B1 roads. For roads numbered M1, see List of M1 roads. For roads numbered N1, see list of N1 roads. For roads numbered S1 ...

State Route 1
). Interstate 405 can be reached to the east via Century Boulevard. Interstate 105 is to the south via Sepulveda Boulevard, through the Airport Tunnel that crosses under the airport runways.


Taxis, ride-share and private shuttles

Arriving passengers take a shuttle or walk to the LAXit waiting area east of Terminal 1 for taxi or ride-share pickups.
Taxicab#REDIRECT Taxi A taxicab, also known as a taxi or a cab, is a type of vehicle for hire with a driver, used by a single passenger or small group of passengers, often for a non-shared ride. A taxicab conveys passengers between locations of the ...
services are operated by nine city-authorized taxi companies and regulated by Authorized Taxicab Supervision Inc. (ATS). ATS queues up taxis at the LAXit waiting area. A number of private shuttle companies also offer to LAX, including from suburban areas such as
LancasterLancaster may refer to: Lands and titles *The County Palatine of Lancaster, a synonym for Lancashire *Duchy of Lancaster, one of only two British royal duchies *Duke of Lancaster *Earl of Lancaster *House of Lancaster, a British royal dynasty ...
,
Palmdale Palmdale is a city in northern Los Angeles County, California, Los Angeles County in the U.S. state of California. The city lies in the Antelope Valley region of Southern California. The San Gabriel Mountains separate Palmdale from the Los Ange ...
, and Santa Clarita. Bakersfield, California, Bakersfield had a similar service to LAX, but it suspended operations during the 2020 pandemic.


Other facilities

The airport has the administrative offices of
Los Angeles World Airports Los Angeles World Airports (LAWA) is the airport authority that owns and operates Los Angeles International Airport Los Angeles International Airport , commonly referred to as LAX (with each of its letters pronounced individually), is the p ...
. Continental Airlines once had its corporate headquarters on the airport property. At a 1962 press conference in the office of Mayor of Los Angeles Sam Yorty, Continental Airlines announced that it planned to move its headquarters to Los Angeles in July 1963. In 1963 Continental Airlines headquarters moved to a two-story, $2.3 million building on the grounds of the airport. The July 2009 ''Continental Magazine'' issue stated that the move "underlined Continental Airlines western and Pacific orientation".The Company
(). Continental Airlines Magazine. July 2009. Retrieved on February 8, 2010.
On July 1, 1983 the airline's headquarters were relocated to the American General Center, America Tower in the Neartown, Houston, Neartown area of Houston, Texas, Houston. In addition to Continental Airlines,
Western Airlines Western Airlines was a major airline based in California California is a U.S. state, state in the Western United States. With over 39.3million residents across a total area of approximately , it is the List of states and territories of t ...

Western Airlines
and Flying Tiger Line also had their headquarters at LAX.


Flight Path Learning Center & Museum

The Flight Path Learning Center is a museum located at 6661 Imperial Highway and was formerly known as the "West Imperial Terminal". This building used to house some charter flights. It sat empty for 10 years until it was re-opened as a learning center for LAX. The center contains information on the history of aviation, several pictures of the airport, as well as aircraft scale models, flight attendant uniforms, and general airline memorabilia such as playing cards, china, magazines, signs, a Trans World Airlines, TWA gate information sign. The museum's library contains an extensive collection of rare items such as aircraft manufacturer company newsletters/magazines, technical manuals for both military and civilian aircraft, industry magazines dating back to World War II and before, historic photographs and other invaluable references on aircraft operation and manufacturing. The museum has on display "The Spirit of Seventy-Six," a DC-3 that flew in commercial airline service, before serving as a corporate aircraft for Union Oil Company, Union 76 Oil Company for 32 years. The plane was built in the Douglas Aircraft Company plant in
Santa Monica Santa Monica () is a beachfront city in western Los Angeles County, California Los Angeles County, officially the County of Los Angeles, and sometimes abbreviated as L.A. County, is the List of the most populous counties in the United Stat ...

Santa Monica
in January 1941, which was a major producer of both commercial and military aircraft.


Accidents and incidents

During its history there have been numerous incidents, but only the most notable are summarized below:


1930s

* On January 23, 1939, the sole prototype A-20 Havoc, Douglas 7B twin-engine attack bomber, designed and built as a company project, suffered a loss of the vertical fin and rudder during a demonstration flight over Mines Field, flat spun into the parking lot of North American Aviation, and burned. Another source states that the test pilot, in an attempt to impress the Gallic passenger, attempted a snap roll at low altitude with one engine feathered, resulting in the fatal spin. Douglas test pilot Johnny Cable bailed out at 300 feet, his chute unfurled but did not have time to deploy, he was killed on impact, the flight engineer John Parks rode in the airframe and died, but 33-year-old French Air Force Capt. Paul Chemidlin, riding in the aft fuselage near the top turret, survived with a broken leg, severe back injuries, and a slight concussion. The presence of Chemidlin, a representative of a foreign purchasing mission, caused a furor in Congress by isolationists over neutrality and export laws. The type was developed as the Douglas DB-7.


1940s

* On June 1, 1940, the first Douglas DC-5, Douglas R3D-1 for the U.S. Navy, BuNo ''1901'', crashed at Mines Field, before delivery. The Navy later acquired the privately owned Douglas DC-5, DC-5 prototype, from William E. Boeing as a replacement. * On November 20, 1940, the prototype P-51 Mustang, NA-73X Mustang, ''NX19998'', first flown October 26, 1940, by test pilot Vance Breese, crashed this date. According to P-51 designer Edgar Schmued, the NA-73 was lost because test pilot Paul Balfour refused, before a high-speed test run, to go through the takeoff and flight test procedure with Schmued while the aircraft was on the ground, claiming "one airplane was like another". After making two high speed passes over Mines Field, he forgot to put the fuel valve on "reserve" and during the third pass ran out of fuel. An emergency landing in a freshly plowed field caused the wheels to dig in, the aircraft flipped over, the airframe was not rebuilt, the second aircraft being used for subsequent testing. * On October 26, 1944, Women Airforce Service Pilots, WASP pilot Gertrude Tompkins Silver of the 601st Ferrying Squadron, 5th Ferrying Group, Dallas Love Field, Love Field, Dallas, Texas, departed Los Angeles Airport, in a North American P-51 Mustang, North American P-51D Mustang, ''44-15669'', at 1600 hrs PWT, headed for the East Coast. She took off into the wind, into an offshore fog bank, and was expected that night at Palm Springs. She never arrived. Owing to a paperwork foul-up, a search did not get under way for several days, and while the eventual search of land and sea was massive, it failed to find a trace of Silver or her plane. She is the only missing WASP pilot. She had married Sgt. Henry Silver one month before her disappearance.


1950s

*On June 30, 1956, United Airlines Flight 718 collided with TWA Flight 2 over the Grand Canyon, killing 128 people. Both aircraft departed LAX, with fight 718 bound for Chicago Midway, and flight 2 bound for Kansas City. The cause was found to be issues within the US air traffic control system and aviation law.


1960s

* On January 13, 1969, Scandinavian Airlines System Flight 933 Douglas DC-8-62, crashed into Santa Monica Bay, approximately west of LAX at 7:21 pm, local time. The aircraft was operating as flight SK933, nearing the completion of a flight from Seattle. Of nine crewmembers, three lost their lives to drowning, while 12 of the 36 passengers also drowned. * On January 18, 1969, United Airlines Flight 266 a Boeing 727-100 bearing the registration number N7434U, crashed into Santa Monica Bay approximately west of LAX at 6:21 pm local time. The aircraft was destroyed, resulting in the death of all 32 passengers and six crew members aboard.


1970s

* On the evening of June 6, 1971, Hughes Airwest Flight 706, a Douglas DC-9 jetliner that had departed LAX on a flight to Salt Lake City, Utah, was struck nine minutes after takeoff by a U.S. Marine Corps McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II fighter jet over the San Gabriel Mountains. The midair collision killed all 44 passengers and five crew members aboard the DC-9 airliner and one of two crewmen aboard the military jet. * On August 4, 1971, Continental Airlines Flight 712, a Boeing 707, collided in midair with a Cessna 150 over Compton, California, Compton. There were no fatalities. * On August 6, 1974, a 1974 Los Angeles International Airport Bombing, bomb exploded near the Pan American World Airways, Pan Am ticketing area at Terminal 2; three people were killed and 35 were injured. * On March 1, 1978, two tires burst in succession on a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-10 on Continental Airlines Flight 603 during its takeoff roll at LAX and the plane, bound for Honolulu, veered off the runway. A third tire burst and the DC-10's left landing gear collapsed, causing a fuel tank to rupture. Following the aborted takeoff, spilled fuel ignited and enveloped the center portion of the aircraft in flames. During the ensuing emergency evacuation, a husband and wife died when they exited the passenger cabin onto the wing and dropped down directly into the flames. Two additional passengers died of their injuries approximately three months after the accident; 74 others aboard the plane were injured, as were 11 firemen battling the fire. * On the evening of March 10, 1979, Swift Aire Lines, Swift Aire Flight 235, a twin-engine Aérospatiale N 262, Aerospatiale Nord 262A-33 turboprop en route to Santa Maria, California, Santa Maria, was forced to ditching, ditch in Santa Monica Bay after experiencing engine problems upon takeoff from LAX. The pilot, co-pilot, and a female passenger drowned when they were unable to exit the aircraft after the ditching. The female flight attendant and the three remaining passengers—two men and a pregnant woman—survived and were rescued by several pleasure boats and other watercraft in the vicinity.


1980s

* On August 31, 1986, Aeroméxico Flight 498, a DC-9 en route from Mexico City, Mexico to Los Angeles, began its descent into LAX when a Piper Cherokee collided with the DC-9's left stabilizer (aircraft), horizontal stabilizer over Cerritos, California, Cerritos, causing the DC-9 to crash into a residential neighborhood. All 67 people on the two aircraft were killed, in addition to 15 people on the ground. 5 homes were destroyed and an additional 7 were damaged by the crash and resulting fire. The Piper went down in a nearby schoolyard and caused no further injuries on the ground. As a result of this incident, the FAA required all commercial aircraft to be equipped with Traffic Collision Avoidance System (TCAS).


1990s

* On February 1, 1991, USAir Flight 1493 (arriving from Columbus, Ohio), a Boeing 737 Classic, Boeing 737-300, landing on runway 24L at LAX, collided on touchdown with a SkyWest Airlines Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner, Fairchild Metroliner, Flight 5569 departing to Palmdale Regional Airport, Palmdale. The Skywest plane was given clearance to wait on the runway for takeoff. The same controller then gave the USAir plane clearance to land on the same runway, forgetting that the SkyWest plane was there. The collision killed all 12 occupants of the SkyWest plane and 23 people aboard the USAir 737. * On September 6, 1993, Air New Zealand Flight 55, a Boeing 767-200, suffered a right rear undercarriage failure while boarding for Honolulu. The aircraft was at Gate 104 in the Tom Bradley Terminal. There were 9 crew and 195 passengers onboard. Mud from a runway excursion was slammed for causing the corrosion and stress cracking which caused the failure.


2000s

* Al-Qaeda attempted to bomb LAX on New Year's Eve 1999/2000. The bomber, Algerian Ahmed Ressam, was captured in Port Angeles, Washington, the U.S. port of entry, with a cache of explosives that could have produced a blast 40 times greater than that of a car bomb hidden in the trunk of the rented car in which he had traveled from Canada. He had planned to leave one or two suitcases filled with explosives in an LAX passenger waiting area. He was initially sentenced to 22 years in prison, but in February 2010 an appellate court ordered that his sentence be extended. * On January 31, 2000, Alaska Airlines Flight 261, a McDonnell Douglas MD-83 jetliner flying from Puerto Vallarta, Mexico to San Francisco and Seattle, requested an emergency landing at LAX after experiencing problems with its tail-mounted horizontal stabilizer. Before the plane could divert to
Los Angeles Los Angeles ( ; xgf, Tovaangar; es, Los Ángeles, , ), commonly referred to by the initialism An acronym is a word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that can be u ...

Los Angeles
, it suddenly plummeted into the Pacific Ocean approximately north of Anacapa Island off the California coast, killing all 88 people aboard. * On September 11, 2001, American Airlines Flight 11, United Airlines Flight 175 and American Airlines Flight 77 were bound for LAX and they were hijacked mid-flight. The hijackers flew the aircraft themselves and then crashing the planes into the World Trade Center (1973–2001), World Trade Center and The Pentagon. American flags flies over the gates of the three flights at Logan International Airport and Washington Dulles International Airport. * In the 2002 Los Angeles International Airport shooting of July 4, 2002, Hesham Mohamed Hadayet killed two Israelis at the ticket counter of El Al Airlines at LAX. Although the gunman was not linked to any terrorist group, the man was upset at U.S. support for Israel, and therefore was motivated by political disagreement. This led the FBI to classify this shooting as a terrorist act, one of the first on U.S. soil since the September 11 attacks. * On September 21, 2005, JetBlue Flight 292, an Airbus A320 discovered a problem with its landing gear as it took off from Bob Hope Airport in Burbank, California, Burbank. It flew in circles for three hours to burn off fuel, then landed safely at Los Angeles International Airport on runway 25L, balancing on its back wheels as it rolled down the center of the runway. Passengers were able to watch their own coverage live from the satellite broadcast on JetBlue in-flight TV seat displays of their plane as it made an emergency landing with the front landing gear visibly becoming damaged. Because JetBlue did not serve LAX at the time, the aircraft was evaluated and repaired at a Continental Airlines hangar. * On July 29, 2006, after America West Express Flight 6008, a Canadair Regional Jet operated by Mesa Airlines from Phoenix, Arizona, landed on runway 25L, controllers instructed the pilot to leave the runway on a taxiway known as "Mike" and stop short of runway 25R. Even though the pilot read back the instructions correctly, he accidentally taxied onto 25R and into the path of a departing SkyWest Airlines Embraer EMB-120 operating United Express Flight 6037 to Monterey, California, Monterey. They cleared each other by and nobody was hurt. * On August 16, 2007, a runway incursion occurred between WestJet Flight 900 and Northwest Airlines Flight 180 on runways 24R and 24L, respectively, with the aircraft coming within of each other. The planes were carrying a combined total of 296 people, none of whom were injured. The NTSB concluded that the incursion was the result of controller error. In September 2007, FAA Administrator Marion Blakey stressed the need for LAX to increase lateral separation between its pair of north runways in order to preserve the safety and efficiency of the airport.


2010s

* On October 13 and 14, 2013, two incidents of dry ice bomb explosions occurred at the airport. The first dry ice bomb exploded at 7:00 p.m. in an employee restroom in Terminal 2, with no injuries. Terminal 2 was briefly shut down as a result. On the next day at 8:30 p.m., a dry ice bomb exploded on the ramp area near the Tom Bradley International Terminal, also without injuries. Two other plastic bottles containing dry ice were found at the scene during the second explosion. On October 15, a 28-year-old airport employee was arrested in connection with the explosions and was booked on charges of possession of an explosive or destructive device near an aircraft. On October 18, a 41-year-old airport employee was arrested in connection with the second explosion, and was booked on suspicion of possessing a destructive device near an aircraft. Authorities believe that the incidents were not linked to terrorism. Both men subsequently pleaded no contest and were each sentenced to three years' probation. The airport workers had removed dry ice from a cargo hold into which a dog was to be loaded, because of fears that the dry ice could harm the animal. * In the 2013 Los Angeles International Airport shooting of November 1, 2013, at around 9:31 a.m. PDT, a lone gunman entered Terminal 3 and opened fire with a semi-automatic rifle, killing a Transportation Security Administration (TSA) officer and wounding three other people. The gunman was later apprehended and taken into custody. Until the situation was clarified and under control, a few terminals at the airport were evacuated, all inbound flights were diverted and all outbound flights were grounded until the airport began returning to normal operation at around 2:30 p.m. * On August 28, 2016, there was a false report of shots fired throughout the airport, causing a temporary lock down and about 3 hours of flight delays. * On May 20, 2017, Aeroméxico Flight 642, a Boeing 737-800, collided with a utility truck on a taxiway near Runway 25R, injuring 8 people, two of them seriously. * On November 21, 2019, Philippine Airlines Flight 113, operated by a Boeing 777-300ER suffered an engine compressor stall shortly after take off from the airport's Runway 25R, forcing the flight to return. The flight made a successful emergency landing just 13 minutes after departure. There were 342 passengers and 18 crew onboard the flight, with no injuries reported.


2020s

* On October 28, 2021, a gun scare caused more than 300 passengers to be evacuated from Terminal 1 to the tarmac. At least two were injured during the evacuation, and flights were temporarily suspended. No shots were fired and no gun was found but two people were detained for questioning.


Aircraft spotting

The "Imperial Hill" area of El Segundo is a prime location for aircraft spotting, especially for takeoffs. Part of the Imperial Hill area has been set aside as a city park
Clutter's Park
Another popular spotting location sits under the final approach for runways 24 L&R on a lawn next to the
Westchester Westchester may refer to: __NOTOC__ Geography *Westchester Station, Nova Scotia, Canada United States *Westchester, Connecticut *Westchester, Florida *Westchester, Illinois *Westchester, Indiana *Westchester, Los Angeles, California *Westchester Co ...
In-N-Out Burger on Sepulveda Boulevard. This is one of the few remaining locations in Southern California from which spotters may watch such a wide variety of low-flying commercial airliners from directly underneath a flight path. One can also do aircraft spotting at a small park in the take-off pattern that (normally) goes out over the Pacific. The park is on the East side of the street Vista Del Mar from where it takes its name, Vista Del Mar Park.


Space Shuttle ''Endeavour''

At 12:51 p.m. on Friday, September 21, 2012, a Shuttle Carrier Aircraft carrying the Space Shuttle Endeavour, Space Shuttle ''Endeavour'' landed at LAX on runway 25L. An estimated 10,000 people saw the shuttle land. Interstate 105 was backed up for miles at a standstill. Imperial Highway was shut down for spectators. It was quickly taken off the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft, a modified Boeing 747, and was moved to a
United Airlines United Airlines, Inc. (commonly referred to as United) is a major American airline headquartered in Willis Tower The Willis Tower (formerly known as and commonly referred to as the Sears Tower) is a 108-story Story or stories may refer t ...

United Airlines
hangar. The shuttle spent about a month in the hangar while it was prepared to be transported to the California Science Center.


In popular culture

Numerous films and television shows have been set or filmed partially at LAX, at least partly due to the airport's proximity to Cinema of the United States, Hollywood studios and Los Angeles. Film shoots at the Los Angeles airports, including LAX, produced $590 million for the Los Angeles region from 2002 to 2005.


See also

* California World War II Army Airfields * List of airports in the Los Angeles area *Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority, Metro * Los Angeles Airport Police * Peirson Mitchell Hall


References


Further reading

* Bullock, Freddy. ''LAX: Los Angeles International Airport'' (1998) * Schoneberger, William A., Ethel Pattison, and Lee Nichols. ''Los Angeles International Airport'' (Arcadia Publishing, 2009.)


External links


Los Angeles International Airport official website

LAneXt website

LAX Noise Management Internet Flight Tracking System
* *
View of LAX runways from inside air traffic control tower, California, 1986.
Los Angeles Times Photographic Archive (Collection 1429). UCLA Library Special Collections, Charles E. Young Research Library, University of California, Los Angeles. {{Authority control Los Angeles International Airport, 1930 establishments in California Airfields of the United States Army Air Forces Air Transport Command in North America Airfields of the United States Army Air Forces in California Airports established in 1930 Airports in Los Angeles County, California Transportation buildings and structures in Los Angeles Westchester, Los Angeles International airports