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This is a list of lists of countries and territories by various criteria. A
country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective identity, who are organized by some form of Institutionalisation, institutionalized social ...

country
or territory is a geographical area, either in the sense of ''
nation A nation is a community A community is a social unit (a group of living things) with commonality such as Norm (social), norms, religion, values, Convention (norm), customs, or Identity (social science), identity. Communities may share a sense ...

nation
'' (a cultural entity) or ''
state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine ''State Magazine'' is a digital magazine published by the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Global Talent Management. Its mission is to acquaint Department o ...
'' (a political entity).The
Oxford English Dictionary The ''Oxford English Dictionary'' (''OED'') is the principal historical dictionary A historical dictionary or dictionary on historical principles is a dictionary which deals not only with the latterday meanings of words but also the historica ...
, Second Edition, with online updates as of September 2008. Entry "1. country"


Demographics

The characteristics of the human population: *
Population Population typically refers the number of people in a single area whether it be a city or town, region, country, or the world. Governments typically quantify the size of the resident population within their jurisdiction by a process called a ...

Population
,
gender Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between femininity Femininity (also called womanliness or girlishness) is a set of attributes, behaviors, and roles generally associated with women A woman is ...

gender
and
poverty Poverty is the state of having little material possessions or income In microeconomics, income is the Consumption (economics), consumption and saving opportunity gained by an entity within a specified timeframe, which is generally expresse ...

poverty
**
List of countries and dependencies by population This is a list of countries and dependencies by population. It includes sovereign state A sovereign state is a political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective identity, who are organ ...
**
List of countries by population (United Nations) This is a list of countries A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective identity, who are organized by some form of Institutionalis ...
**
List of countries and dependencies by population density This is a list of countries and dependent territories ranked by population density, measured by the number of human Humans (''Homo sapiens'') are the most abundant and widespread species In biology, a species is the basic unit of bio ...
**
List of countries by past and future population density This is a list of countries showing past and future population density, ranging from 1950 to 2100, as estimated by the 2017 revision of the World Population Prospects database by the United Nations Population Division. The population density equals ...
** List of countries by real population density ** Lists of countries by population in: *** 1;
1000 1000 or thousand may refer to: * 1000 (number) 1000 or one thousand is the natural number File:Three Baskets.svg, Natural numbers can be used for counting (one apple, two apples, three apples, ...) In mathematics, the natural numbers are tho ...
;
1500 Year 1500 ( MD) was a leap year starting on WednesdayA leap year starting on Wednesday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Wednesday 1 January and ends on Thursday 31 December. Its dominical letters hence ar ...
;
1600 __NOTOC__ 1600 ( MDC) was a century leap year A century leap year is a leap year in the Gregorian calendar that is divisible by 400 without a remainder. Like all leap years, it has an extra day in February for a total of 366 days instead of 3 ...
;
1700 As of March 1 Events Pre-1600 *509 BC – Publius Valerius Publicola celebrates the first Roman triumph, triumph of the Roman Republic after his victory over the deposed king Lucius Tarquinius Superbus at the Battle of Silva Arsia. * ...
;
1800 As of March 1 (O.S. February 18), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 12 days until February 28 (O.S. February 16), 1 ...
;
1900 As of March 1 Events Pre-1600 *509 BC – Publius Valerius Publicola celebrates the first Roman triumph, triumph of the Roman Republic after his victory over the deposed king Lucius Tarquinius Superbus at the Battle of Silva Arsia. ...
;
1907 Events January * January 6 Events Pre-1600 *1066 1066 (Roman numerals, MLXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar. Events By place England * January 5 – Edward the Confessor dies afte ...
;
1939 This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history. Events Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix. January ''Further Information: January 1939'' * January 3 &ndash ...
;
1989 1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc The Eastern Bloc, also known as the Communist Bloc, the Socialist Bloc and the Soviet Bloc, was the group of socialist state A social ...
;
2000 2000 was designated as the International Year for the Culture of Peace and the World Mathematics, Mathematical Year. Popular culture holds the year 2000 as the first year of the 21st century and the 3rd millennium due to a tendency of group ...
;
2005 2005 was designated as the International Year for Sport and Physical Education and the International Year of MicrocreditImage:YOmicrocredit2005.jpg, right International Year of Microcredit is a special event of the United Nations which took pl ...
;
2010 2010 was designated as: *International Year of Biodiversity The International Year of Biodiversity (IYB) was a year-long celebration of biological diversity and its importance, taking place internationally in 2010. Coinciding with the dat ...
;
2015 2015 was designated as: * International Year of Light The International Year of Light and Light-based Technologies 2015 or International Year of Light 2015 (IYL 2015) was a United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovern ...
**
List of countries by past and projected future population Introduction All the figures shown here have been sourced from the International Data Base (IDB) Division of the United States Census Bureau. Every individual value has been rounded to the nearest thousand, to assure data coherence, particularly whe ...
**
List of countries by population growth rate This article includes a table of countries and subnational areas by annual population growth Population growth is the increase in the number of people in a population Population typically refers the number of people in a single area whether ...
**
List of countries by natural increase This article contains a list of countries by rate of natural increase. Methodology The rate of natural increase is defined as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate. It is expressed as a rate per 1,000 population. Countries and sub ...
**
List of countries by net migration rate This is a list of countries by net migration rate Net or net may refer to: Mathematics and physics * Net (mathematics) In mathematics, more specifically in general topology and related branches, a net or Moore–Smith sequence is a gene ...
**
List of countries by sex ratio File:Sex ratio total population per country 2020 (age 0-14).svg, 300x300px, Sex ratio by country for population aged below 15. Red represents more girls, blue more boys than the world average of 1.07 males/females. (2020) The human sex ratio F ...
**
List of countries by percentage of population living in poverty countries of the world, Countries by percentage of population living in poverty, as recorded by World bank, World Bank and other sources. Methodology "Poverty" is defined as an economic condition by the lack of both money and basic necessiti ...
** List of countries by abortion statistics *
Life Life is a characteristic that distinguishes physical entities A bubble of exhaled gas in water In common usage and classical mechanics, a physical object or physical body (or simply an object or body) is a collection of matter within a ...

Life
and
health Health, according to the World Health Organization The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations United Nations Specialized Agencies are autonomous organizations working with the United Nations and each ...

health
** List of countries by age structure **
List of sovereign states and dependent territories by birth rate This article includes three versions of the list of countries by crude birth rate The crude birth rate (CBR) in a period is the total number of live births per 1,000 population divided by the length of the period in years. The number of live ...
** List of sovereign states and dependent territories by mortality rate ** List of countries by dependency ratio **
List of sovereign states and dependencies by total fertility rate This is a list of all sovereign state A sovereign state is a political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective identity, who are organized by some form of Institutionalisation, instituti ...
** List of countries by past fertility rate **
List of sovereign states and dependent territories by immigrant population These are lists of countries A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective identity, who are organized by some form of Institutionalisat ...
**
List of countries by happiness
List of countries by happiness
**
List of countries by HIV/AIDS adult prevalence rate The human immunodeficiency virus The human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV) are two species of ''Lentivirus'' (a subgroup of retrovirus) that infect humans. Over time, they cause AIDS, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), a condition ...
**
List of countries by intentional homicide rate The list of countries by UNODC homicide rate is typically expressed in units of deaths per 100,000 individuals per year; thus, a mortality rate of 30 (out of 100,000) in a population of 100,000 would mean 30 deaths per year in that entire population ...
** List of countries by infant and under-five mortality rates **
List of countries by life expectancy Methodology The life expectancy is shown separately for males, and for females, as well as a combined figure. Several non- sovereign entities and territories are also included in this list. The figures reflect the quality of healthcare in t ...
**
List of countries by past life expectancy This is a list of countries showing past life expectancy, ranging from 1950 to 2015 in five-year periods, as estimated by the 2017 revision of the World Population Prospects database by the United Nations Population Division. Life expectancy equals ...
** List of countries by maternal mortality ratio **
List of countries by median age Image:Median age by country, 2016.svg, upright=2.5, Median age by country, ''CIA World Factbook'', 2016 est. This article is a list of countries by median age. Methodology Median age is the age that divides a population into two numerically equa ...
**
List of countries by number of births The following list sorts countries by the total projected number of Birth, births. The list is sourced from the United Nations World Population Prospects. Figures are from the 2019 revision of the United Nations World Population Prospects report ...
**
List of countries by suicide rate The following are lists of countries by suicide rate as published by the World Health Organization (WHO) and other sources. About one person in 5,000–15,000 dies by suicide every year, with an estimated global rate of 10.5 per 100,000 populat ...
** List of countries by percentage of population suffering from undernourishment **
List of countries by obesity rate This is a list of countries ranked by the proportion of the population that is obese. The data is derived from ''The World Factbook ''The World Factbook'', also known as the ''CIA World Factbook'', is a reference resource produced by the Centr ...
**
List of countries by body mass index The data for international body mass index Body mass index (BMI) is a value derived from the mass (Mass versus weight, weight) and height of a person. The BMI is defined as the human body weight, body mass divided by the square (algebra), squ ...
*
List of countries by Human Development Index The United Nations Development Programme The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)french: Programme des Nations unies pour le développement, PNUD is a United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organi ...
**
List of countries by literacy rate This is a list of countries by literacy rate. The figures represented are almost entirely collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS) on behalf of UNESCO, with 2015 estimates based on people aged 15 or over who can read and write. Whe ...
(
Adult Literacy Index The Adult Literacy Index (ALI) is a statistical measureIn statistics Statistics is the discipline that concerns the collection, organization, analysis, interpretation, and presentation of data. In applying statistics to a scientific, industr ...
) **
List of countries by inequality-adjusted HDI This is a list of countries by inequality-adjusted human development index (IHDI), as published by the UNDP The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)french: Programme des Nations unies pour le développement, PNUD is a United Nations ...
**
Education Index An Education index is a component of the Human Development Index The Human Development Index (HDI) is a statistic composite index of life expectancy Life expectancy is a statistical measure of the average time an organism is expec ...
** Life Expectancy Index *
Religion Religion is a social Social organisms, including humans, live collectively in interacting populations. This interaction is considered social whether they are aware of it or not, and whether the exchange is voluntary/involuntary. Etymology ...

Religion
** List of countries by Christian population ** List of countries by Jehovah's Witnesses population **
List of countries by Muslim population Adherents of Islam Islam (;There are ten pronunciations of ''Islam'' in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the ''s'' is or , and whether the ''a'' is pronounced , or (when the stress is on t ...
** List of countries by Hindu population ** List of countries by Buddhist population ** List of countries by Jewish population ** List of countries by Sikh population ** List of countries by Ahmadiyya population ** List of countries by irreligious population *
Language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the ...

Language
**
List of official languages by country and territory This is a complete list of the official language An official language is a language given a special status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction. Typically the term "official language" does not refer to the language used by a pe ...
** List of countries by spoken languages **
List of countries by English-speaking population The following is a list of English-speaking population by country, including information on both native speaker A first language, native tongue, native language, or mother/father/parent tongue (also known as arterial language or L1), is a la ...
**
List of countries where Arabic is an official language Arabic Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East The Middle East is a list of transcontinental countries, transcontinen ...
**
List of territorial entities where English is an official language The following is a list of countries and territories where English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieva ...
**
List of territorial entities where French is an official language French language, French is an official language in 29 independent nations. The following is a list of sovereign states and territories where French is an official or ''de facto'' language. Only official language Countries List of countries where ...
**
List of territorial entities where Portuguese is an official language The following is a list of the 10 sovereign states and territories where Portuguese Portuguese may refer to: * anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Portugal ** Portuguese cuisine, traditional foods ** Portuguese language, a ...
**
List of territorial entities where Russian is an official language This is a list of countries and territories where Russian is an official language An official language, also called state language, is a language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken l ...
**
List of countries where Spanish is an official language The following is a list of countries where Spanish is an official language, plus a number of countries where Spanish Spanish may refer to: * Items from or related to Spain: **Spaniards, a nation and ethnic group indigenous to Spain **Spanish la ...
* Urbanization by country


Economy

The production, distribution and consumption of goods and services: *
Ease of Doing Business Index Rankings
Ease of Doing Business Index Rankings
* List of countries by central bank interest rates *
List of countries by corporate debt A ''list'' is any set of items. List or lists may also refer to: People * List (surname) Organizations * List College, an undergraduate division of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America * SC Germania List, German rugby union club Ot ...
*
List of countries by current account balance This is a list of countries by current account balance. CIA World Factbook data Top 19 economies with the largest surplus This is a list of the 19 countries and territories with the largest surplus in current account balance (CAB), based on ...
*
List of countries by wealth equality This is a list of countries by distribution of wealth, including Gini coefficients. Wealth distribution can vary greatly from income distribution in a country (see List of countries by income equality). Higher Gini coefficients signify greater ...
* List of countries by economic freedom *
List of countries by employment rate This is a list of countries by employment rate The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development defines the employment rate as the employment-to-population ratio. This is a statistical ratio that measures the proportion of a country's ...
*
List of countries by exports This is a list of countries by exports of goods and services, based on World Bank's data. Merchandise exports This is a list of countries by merchandise exports, based on UN COMTRADE and ITC statistics. The world aggregation represent ...
*
List of countries by external debt This is a list of countries by external debt, it is the total public and private debt owed to nonresidents repayable in internationally accepted currencies, goods or services, where the public debt In public finance, government debt, also kno ...
*
List of countries by foreign-exchange reserves Foreign-exchange reserves (also called Forex reserves) are, in a strict sense, ''only'' foreign-currency deposits held by national central bank A central bank, reserve bank, or monetary authority is an institution that manages the curren ...
* List of countries by freshwater * List of countries by gross fixed investment as percentage of GDP * List of countries by gross national savings *
List of countries by household debt The following lists sort countries by Stock of loans and debt issued by households as a percentage of GDP according to data by the International Monetary Fund and Institute of International Finance. International Monetary Fund Institute of Inte ...
*
List of countries by household final consumption expenditure per capita This is a list of countries by household final consumption expenditure per capita, that is, the market value of all goods and services, including durable products (such as cars, washing machines, and home computers), purchased by households during ...
*
List of countries by imports This is a list of countries by total import An import is the receiving country in an export An export in international trade International trade is the exchange of capital, goods, and services across international borders or ...
*
List of countries by income equality This is a list of countries or dependencies by income inequality metricsIncome inequality metrics or income distribution metrics are used by social scientists to measure the distribution of income and economic inequality among the participants i ...
* List of countries by male to female income ratio *
List of countries by number of broadband Internet subscriptions This article contains a sortable list of countries by number of broadband Internet subscriptions and penetration rates, using data compiled by the International Telecommunication Union The International Telecommunication Union is a lis ...
*
List of countries by number of Internet hosts This is the list of countries by number of Internet hosts, based on 2012 figures from the CIA World Factbook ''The World Factbook'', also known as the ''CIA World Factbook'', is a reference resource produced by the Central Intelligence Ag ...
*
List of countries by number of Internet users Below is a sortable list of countries by number of Internet users, for 2020. Internet The Internet (or internet) is the global system of interconnected computer networks that uses the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to communicate ...
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List of countries by Internet connection speeds This is a list of countries by Internet connection speed for average data transfer rates for Internet access by end-users. Wireless connection Fixed broadband This is a list of fastest fixed broadband internet connection speed in November 20 ...
*
List of countries by number of scientific and technical journal articles This is a list of countries and territories by number of scientific publications. Scientific citable documents counts are from journals classified by Scopus. References