are graphemes, or graphical parts, that are used in organizing Japanese kanji
in dictionaries. They are derived from the 214 Chinese Kangxi radical
The following table shows the 214 Kangxi radicals, which are derived from 47,035 characters.
The frequency list is derived from the 47,035 characters in the Chinese language
frequency is from the set of 2,136 Jōyō
Top 25% means that this radical represents 25% of Jōyō
Top 50% means that this radical plus the Top 25% represent 50% of Jōyō
Top 75% means that this radical plus the Top 50% represent 75% of Jōyō
Many radicals are not commonly written by themselves so people wouldn't know the technical hiragana
reading given here. The simplified table of Japanese kanji radicals
page only lists common readings.
Table of radicals
Kanji radicals not recognized by Kangxi
These radicals are either listed as variants or not listed at all in the kangxi radical table.
The 214 Kangxi radicals
are technically classifiers as they are not always etymologically
but since linguistics uses that word in the sense of "classifying
" nouns (such as in counter words) dictionaries commonly call the kanji components radicals. As dictionaries have moved from textbooks to interactive screens the term "radicals" seems to now be used for any kanji component used in a visual search.
Other possible radical candidates
* 竹 and 西 (西 to a lesser extent) are only used in their original form when representing the original meanings. As components of jouyou kanji they always appear as ⺮ and 覀.
Position of radical within character
There are fourteen different radical positions, seven basic types and seven variant. The following table lists radical types with Japanese name and position in red and indicate how Kanji
is formed by radical with example.
* List of kanji radicals by frequency
* List of Unicode radicals
* Kangxi radical
* All (CJKUnicode Han characters