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The governor of Idaho is the
head of government The head of government is either the highest or second-highest official in the executive Executive may refer to: Role, title, or function * Executive (government), branch of government that has authority and responsibility for the administrat ...
of
Idaho Idaho () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in ...

Idaho
and
commander-in-chief A commander-in-chief or supreme commander is the person who exercises supreme command and control Command and control is a "set of organizational and technical attributes and processes ... hat A collection of 18th and 19th century men' ...
of the
state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine ''State Magazine'' is a digital magazine published by the U.S. Department of State's Bureau of Global Talent Management. Its mission is to acquaint Department o ...
's
military forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media L ...
.ID Const. art. IV, § 4 The officeholder has the duty to see state laws are executed, power to either approve or veto bills passed by the
Idaho Legislature The Idaho Legislature consists of the upper house, upper Idaho Senate and the lower house, lower Idaho House of Representatives. Idaho is divided into 35 legislative districts, which each elect one senator and two representatives. There are no t ...
. The current governor of Idaho is
Republican Republican can refer to: Political ideology * An advocate of a republic, a type of government that is not a monarchy or dictatorship, and is usually associated with the rule of law. ** Republicanism, the ideology in support of republics or against ...
Brad Little Bradley Jay Little (born February 15, 1954) is an American politician serving as the 33rd Governor of Idaho since January 2019. A member of the Republican Party Republican Party is a name used by many political parties A political party is ...
, who took office on January 7, 2019.


History

The
Territory of Idaho The Territory of Idaho was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from March 3, 1863, until July 3, 1890, when the final extent of the territory was admitted to the United States, Union as Idaho. History 1860s T ...
had sixteen territorial governors appointed by the
president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (plural personae or personas), depending on the context, can refer to either the public image of ...

president of the United States
from the territory's organization in 1863 until the formation of the state of
Idaho Idaho () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in ...

Idaho
in 1890. Four of these never took office, resigning before reaching the territory. 31 individuals have held the office of governor of Idaho since the state's admission to the in 1890, two of whom— C. A. Bottolfsen and
Cecil Andrus Cecil Dale Andrus (August 25, 1931 – August 24, 2017) was an American politician who served fourteen years as the List of Governors of Idaho, Governor of Idaho. A Democrat, he also served as United States Secretary of the Interior, U.S. Secretar ...
—served non-consecutive terms. The state's first governor, George L. Shoup, had the shortest term of three months; Cecil Andrus served as governor the longest at 14 years. Four governors resigned, but none have died while in office. 20 governors have been Republicans while 11 were Democrats. Andrus was the last Democrat to hold the governorship in Idaho; he left office in 1995.


Governors


Governors of the Territory of Idaho

Idaho Territory The Territory of Idaho was an organized incorporated territory of the United States and the founding of the United States: Kingdom of Great Britain, British claims are indicated in red and pink, while Spanish claims are in orange and yellow. ...
was created from
Dakota Territory The Territory of Dakota was an organized incorporated territory of the United States and the founding of the United States: Kingdom of Great Britain, British claims are indicated in red and pink, while Spanish claims are in orange and yellow. ...
,
Nebraska Territory The Territory of Nebraska was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from May 30, 1854, until March 1, 1867, when the final extent of the territory was admitted to the United States, Union as the Nebraska, State of ...
, and
Washington Territory The Territory of Washington was an organized incorporated territory of the United States and the founding of the United States: Kingdom of Great Britain, British claims are indicated in red and pink, while Spanish claims are in orange and yello ...
on March 4, 1863. Due to the long distance between
Washington, D.C. ) , image_skyline = , image_caption = Clockwise from top left: the Washington Monument The Washington Monument is an obelisk within the National Mall The National Mall is a Landscape architecture, landscape ...
and
Boise Boise () is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lowercas ...

Boise
, there was often a lengthy gap between a governor being appointed and his arrival in the territory; four resigned before even arriving.


Governors of the State of Idaho

Idaho Idaho () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in ...

Idaho
was
admitted to the Union The Admission to the Union Clause of the United States Constitution The Constitution of the United States is the Supremacy Clause, supreme law of the United States, United States of America. This founding document, originally compris ...
on July 3, 1890. Since then, the state has had 33 governors, two of whom served non-consecutive terms. The terms for governor and lieutenant governor are 4 years, commencing on the first Monday in the January following the election.ID Const. art. IV, § 1 Prior to 1946, the offices were elected to terms of two years. If the office of governor is vacant or the governor is out of state or unable to discharge his duties, the lieutenant governor acts as governor until such time as the disability is removed. If both the offices of governor and lieutenant governor are vacant or both those officers are unable to fulfill their duties, the President ''pro tempore'' of the
Idaho Senate The Idaho Senate is the upper chamber of the Idaho Legislature, Idaho State Legislature. It consists of 35 Senators elected to two-year terms, each representing a district of the state. The Senate meets at the Idaho State Capitol in Boise, Idaho. ...
is next in line, and then the Speaker of the
Idaho House of Representatives The Idaho House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the Idaho State Legislature. It consists of 70 representatives elected to two-year terms. The state is divided into 35 districts, each of which elects two representatives to separate se ...
. After the change to four-year terms, self-succession (re-election) was not initially allowed; newly elected Governor , formerly the state's attorney general, successfully lobbied the 1955 legislature to propose an amendment to the state constitution to allow gubernatorial re-election, which was approved by voters in the 1956 general election. There is no limit to the number of terms a governor may serve.


Succession


See also

*
List of lieutenant governors of Idaho The Lieutenant Governor of Idaho is a constitutional statewide elected office in the U.S. state of Idaho. According to the Idaho Constitution, the officeholder is elected to a four-year term. The current Lieutenant Governor of Idaho is Republican ...
*
List of Idaho state legislatures The Idaho Legislature, legislature of the U.S. state of Idaho has convened many times since List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union, statehood became effective on July 3, 1890 in the United States, 1890. Legislatures See also * Lis ...
* Elections in Idaho


Notes


References

;General * * * * * ;Constitution * ;Specific


External links


Office of the Governor of Idaho
{{DEFAULTSORT:List Of Governors Of Idaho Idaho, Governors of
Governors A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the executive branch The executive is the branch of government exercising authority in and holding Moral responsibility, responsibility for the governance of a State (p ...
Governor A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the Executive (government), executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state. In federations, ''governor'' may be t ...