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There are 54 ethnic groups in
Vietnam Vietnam ( vi, Việt Nam, ), officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam,, group="n" is a country in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia, also spelled South East Asia and South-East Asia, and also known as Southeastern Asia or SEA, is the ...

Vietnam
recognized by the Vietnamese government.Các dân tộc Việt Nam
(Ethnic groups in Vietnam). Portal of the Committee for Ethnic Problems, Hậu Giang prov., 2012. Retrieved 1 Apr 2017.
Each ethnicity has their own language, traditions, and subculture. The largest ethnic groups are:
Vietnamese Vietnamese may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to Vietnam, a country in Southeast Asia ** A citizen of Vietnam. See Demographics of Vietnam. * Vietnamese people, or Kinh people, a Southeast Asian ethnic group native to Vietnam ** Oversea ...

Vietnamese
85.32%, Tay 1.92%, Thái 1.89%, Mường 1.51%,
Hmong Hmong may refer to: * Hmong people #REDIRECT Hmong people#REDIRECT Hmong people The Hmong people ( RPA: ''Hmoob'', Nyiakeng Puachue: "𞄀𞄩𞄰", Pahawh Hmong: "𖬌𖬣𖬵" ) are an ethnic group living mainly in southern China, Vietna ...

Hmong
1.45%, Khmer 1.37%, Nùng 1.13%,
Dao Tao or Dao is the natural order of the universe whose character one's human intuition Intuition is the ability to acquire knowledge Knowledge is a familiarity or awareness, of someone or something, such as facts A fact is someth ...
0.93%,
Hoa The Hoa people (Vietnamese Vietnamese may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to Vietnam, a country in Southeast Asia ** A citizen of Vietnam. See Demographics of Vietnam. * Vietnamese people, or Kinh people, a Southeast Asian ethnic ...
0.78%, with all others comprising the remaining 3.7% (2019 census). The Vietnamese term for minority ethnic groups are ''người thiểu số'' and ''dân tộc ít người'' (minority people).


List of ethnic groups

The total population of Vietnam was 96,208,984 according to the 2019 census.2009 Census
Kết quả toàn bộ Tổng điều tra Dân số và Nhà ở Việt Nam năm 2009
Tổng Cục Thống kê Việt Nam. Retrieved 18/08/2015.


Other

# Nguồn - possibly Mường group, officially classified as a Việt (Kinh) group by the government, Nguồn themselves identify with Việt ethnicity; their language is a member of the Viet–Muong branch of the
Vietic The Vietic languages are a branch of the Austroasiatic languages, Austroasiatic language family. The branch was once referred to by the terms ''Việt–Mường'', ''Annamese–Muong'', and ''Vietnamuong''; the term ''Vietic'' was proposed by L ...
sub-family #
Sui people The Sui people (; autonym Autonym may refer to: * Autonym, the name used by a person to refer to themselves or their language; see Exonym and endonym * Autonym (botany), an automatically created infrageneric or infraspecific name See also * Nomin ...
(Người Thủy) - officially classified as
Pa Then people The Pa Then (or Pá Hưng; Vietnamese: người Pà Thẻn) are Pa-Hng-speaking people classified as an ethnic group of Vietnam. Most Pa Then live in Hà Giang Province, Hà Giang and Tuyên Quang Province, Tuyên Quang provinces, located in Vietnam ...
. # According to news from Dantri, an online newspaper in Vietnam, the Thừa Thiên-Huế People's Committee in September 2008 announced a plan to do more research in a new ethnic group in Vietnam. It is Pa Kô, also called Pa Cô, Pa Kô, Pa-Kô or Pa Kôh. This ethnic group settles mainly in A Lưới suburban district (Thừa Thiên-Huế) and mountainous area of Hướng Hóa (Quảng Trị). At the present, however, they have been classified in Tà Ôi ethnic group. Many of the local ethnic groups residing in mountain areas are known collectively in the West as Montagnard or
Degar Montagnard () is an umbrella term for the various indigenous peoples Indigenous peoples, also referred to as first peoples, first nations, aboriginal peoples, native peoples (with these terms often capitalized when referred to relating t ...
. One distinctive feature of highland ethnic minority groups in Vietnam is that they are colorfully attired whether at home, in the farm, traveling or in their home town. Foreign
expatriate An expatriate (often shortened to expat) is a person residing in a country other than their native country. In common usage, the term often refers to professionals, skilled workers, or artists taking positions outside their home country, eit ...
workers comprise a small portion of the population, some settling permanently or through marriage. Many are migrants from neighboring Asian countries like
China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere ...

China
, though some are from the west. Today, 2,700 Americans live in Vietnam. Moreover, some descend from the French and other Europeans from the colonial period. However, most European descendants left after Vietnam gained independence.


See also

*
Demographics of Vietnam This article is about the demographics, demographic features of the population of Vietnam, including population density, Ethnic group, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of ...
*


References


1999 Census results

Socioeconomic Atlas of Vietnam, 1999


Citations


Further reading

* Nguyễn Trọng Tấn; Viện khoa học xã hội Việt Nam - Viện dân tộc học - Tạp chí dân tộc học. 2005. ''Tổng mục lục 30 năm tạp chí dân tộc học (1974 - 2004)''. Hà Nội: Nhà xuất bản khoa học xã hội.


External links

* socio-economic parameters of ethnic and non-ethnic people
Ethnic groups of Vietnam
(State Committee for Ethnic Minority Affairs)
Vietnamese Ethnic Groups

Ethnic - Linguistic Map of Vietnam



Ethnologue report for Vietnam


* ttp://belleindochine.free.fr/Minorites.htm Authentic Old photographs of all Ethnic groups in Vietnam {{Authority control
Ethnic groups An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people who identity (social science), identify with each other on the basis of shared attributes that distinguish them from other groups. Those attributes can include common sets of traditions, ances ...
Vietnam Vietnam ( vi, Việt Nam, ), officially the Socialist Republic of Vietnam,, group="n" is a country in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia, also spelled South East Asia and South-East Asia, and also known as Southeastern Asia or SEA, is the ...