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This is a list of countries by
hospital bed A hospital bed or hospital cot is a bed specially designed for hospitalized patients or others in need of some form of health care. These beds have special features both for the comfort and well-being of the patient and for the convenience of hea ...
s per 1000 or 100,000 people, as published by the local governments, international organisation (
OECD The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; french: Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 38 member countries, founded in 1961 to st ...

OECD
,
E.U. The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of member states that are located primarily in Europe Europe is a which is also recognised as part of , located entirely in the and mostly in the . It comprises the wester ...
), academic sources or others. The number of beds per people is an important indicator of the
health care Healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health Health, according to the , is "a state of complete physical, and social and not merely the absence of and ".. (2006)''Constitution of the World Health Organization''– ''Basic Docume ...

health care
system of a country. The basic measure focus on all hospital beds, which are variously split and occupied. The classic hospital beds are also called curative beds. For severe patients with risk of organ(s) failure, patients are provided
intensive care unit 220px, Intensive care unit An intensive care unit (ICU), also known as an intensive therapy unit or intensive treatment unit (ITU) or critical care unit (CCU), is a special department of a hospital or health care facility that provides intensiv ...
beds (aka ICU bed) or critical care beds (CCB). Among OECD countries, curative beds' occupancy rate average was 75%, from 94.9% (Ireland) to 61.6% (Greece), with half of the OECD's nation between 70% and 80%. In 2009, European nations, most of them also part of OECD, had an aggregated total of 2070,000 acute beds and 73,585 (2.8%) critical care beds (CCB) or 11.5CCB/100,000 inhabitants. Germany had 29.2, Portugal 4.2.
Aging population Population ageing is an increasing median In statistics and probability theory, the median is the value separating the higher half from the lower half of a Sample (statistics), data sample, a statistical population, population, or a probability ...
leads to increased demand for CCB and difficulties to satisfy it, while both quantity of CCB and availability are poorly documented. Base capacity for lower-income countries is approximately 0.1 ICU beds per 100,000 citizens.


Data


2020 coronavirus pandemic

The availability of CCB-ICU beds,
mechanical ventilation Mechanical ventilation, assisted ventilation or intermittent mandatory ventilationIntermittent Mandatory Ventilation (IMV) refers to any mode of mechanical ventilation where a regular series of breaths are scheduled but the ventilator senses p ...
and ECMO devices generally closely associated with hospital beds has been described as a critical bottleneck in responding to the ongoing
COVID-19 pandemic The COVID-19 pandemic is an ongoing global pandemic A pandemic (from , , "all" and , , "local people" the 'crowd') is an of an that has spread across a large region, for instance multiple or worldwide, affecting a substantial numbe ...

COVID-19 pandemic
. The lack of such devices dramatically raises the mortality rate of COVID-19. In early March, the UK government supported a strategy to develop natural
herd immunity Herd immunity (also called herd effect, community immunity, population immunity, or mass immunity) is a form of indirect protection from infectious disease An infection is the invasion of an organism's body Tissue (biology), tissues by Pa ...

herd immunity
, drawing sharp criticism from medical personnel and researchers. Various forecasts by
Imperial College COVID-19 Response Team The Imperial College COVID-19 Response Team is a group of experts from Imperial College London studying the COVID-19 pandemic and informing the government of the United Kingdom, and governments and public health agencies around the world. The tea ...
, made public on March 16, suggested that the peak number of cases in the UK would require between 100 and 225 CCBs / 100,000 inhabitants, if proper mitigation or no mitigation strategies are put into force, respectively. These requirements would both exceed the UK's current capacities of 6.6–14 CCB / 100,000 inhabitants. In the best case scenario, the peak caseload would require 7.5 times the current number of available ICU beds. Around March 16, the UK government changed trajectory toward a more standard mitigation/suppression strategy. In
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ...
, around March 15, the
Grand Est Grand Est (; gsw-FR, Grossa Oschta; Moselle Franconian/ lb, Grouss Osten; Rhine Franconian: ''Groß Oschte''; german: Großer Osten ; en, "Great East") is an Regions of France, administrative region in Northeastern France. It superseded three ...

Grand Est
region was the first to express the scarcity of CCB limiting its handling of the crisis. Assistance-publique Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), which manages most hospitals in the French capital area (~10 million inhabitants), reported the need for 19 400 ICUs. Current capacity is reported to be between 1500 and 350, depending on the source. In Europe, the company Löwenstein Medical producing 1500 ICU-level ventilators and 20,000 home-level ventilator per year for France alone, pointed out of the current high demand and production shortage. Based in Germany, all their components are European and not relying on Chinese supply chains. As for production ramp up, the company has increased the production of mobile ventilators, that are more basic and can be assembled in half an hour, yet able to support patients with
acute respiratory distress syndrome Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a type of respiratory failure Respiratory failure results from inadequate gas exchange by the respiratory system, meaning that the arterial oxygen, carbon dioxide, or both cannot be kept at normal l ...
. Due to the
coronavirus pandemic The COVID-19 pandemic, also known as the coronavirus pandemic, is an ongoing global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavi ...

coronavirus pandemic
, in March 2020 the German government ordered 16.500 units for ventilation and intubation from two German companies. According to the company spokesman, a second bottleneck is the number of available medical staff, trained for such medical devices.


See also

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Hospital bed A hospital bed or hospital cot is a bed specially designed for hospitalized patients or others in need of some form of health care. These beds have special features both for the comfort and well-being of the patient and for the convenience of hea ...
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Mechanical ventilation Mechanical ventilation, assisted ventilation or intermittent mandatory ventilationIntermittent Mandatory Ventilation (IMV) refers to any mode of mechanical ventilation where a regular series of breaths are scheduled but the ventilator senses p ...
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List of countries by life expectancy Methodology The life expectancy is shown separately for males, and for females, as well as a combined figure. Several non- sovereign entities and territories are also included in this list. The figures reflect the quality of healthcare in t ...
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List of countries by quality of healthcare This is a list of countries by quality of healthcare as published by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; french: Organisation de Coopération et de Dé ...


References

{{Quality of life country lists Beds List of countries by hospital beds Hospital beds Hospital beds, OECD Hospital beds Hospital beds