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According to the administrative divisions of the
People's Republic of China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.4 billion. Covering approximately 9.6& ...
including
Hong Kong Hong Kong (, ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR) (), is a metropolitan area and Special administrative regions of China, special administrative region of the China, People's Repu ...
and
Macau Macau (; , ; ), also spelled Macao and officially the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (Chinese: 中華人民共和國澳門特別行政區), is a city and special administrative region of the People's Repu ...
, there are three levels of cities, namely provincial-level (consists of
municipalities A municipality is usually a single administrative division having Municipal corporation, corporate status and powers of self-government or jurisdiction as granted by national and regional laws to which it is subordinate. The term ''municipali ...
and SARs), prefecture-level cities, and county-level cities. As of June 2020 the PRC has a total of 687 cities: 4 municipalities, 2 SARs, 293 prefectural-level cities (including the 15 sub-provincial cities) and 388 county-level cities (including the 38 sub-prefectural cities and 10 XXPC cities) not including any cities in the alleged claim of Taiwan. Four cities are centrally administered municipalities, which include dense urban areas, suburbs, and large rural areas:
Chongqing Chongqing ( Sichuanese pronunciation: , Standard Mandarin Standard Chinese, in linguistics known as Standard Northern Mandarin, Standard Beijing Mandarin or simply Mandarin, is a Mandarin Chinese#Subgrouping, dialect of Mandarin that em ...
(28.84 million),
Shanghai Shanghai (, , Standard Chinese, Standard Mandarin pronunciation: ) is one of the four Direct-administered municipalities of China, direct-administered municipalities of the China, People's Republic of China, governed by the State Council o ...
(23.01 million),
Beijing Beijing ( ), Chinese postal romanization, alternatively romanized as Peking ( ), is the Capital city, capital of the People's Republic of China. It is the world's List of national capitals by population, most populous national capital city, ...
(19.61 million), and
Tianjin Tianjin (), Postal Map Romanization, alternately romanized as Tientsin, is a Direct-administered municipalities of China, municipality and a coastal metropolis in North China, Northern China on the shore of the Bohai Sea. It is one of the Nat ...
(12.93 million). According to 2017 research from the Demographia research group, there are 102 cities governed by People's Republic of China with an "urban area" population of over 1 million.


List of cities


Contemporary cities

;Types of cities


Renamed cities


Dissolved cities


Tier system

The Chinese central government introduced a ranking system in the 1980s to facilitate the staged rollout of infrastructure and urban development throughout the country. Cities were ranked by tier according to the government's development priorities. The tier system began as a bureaucratic classification, but has since the later 1990s acquired new salience from the perspectives of real estate development, commercial vitality and cosmopolitanness, besides the old notions of population, economic size, and political ranking. It has now become a proxy for demographic and social segmentation in China, especially relevant to those college-educated seeking non-governmental employment. It is the general consensus that four cities, namely
Beijing Beijing ( ), Chinese postal romanization, alternatively romanized as Peking ( ), is the Capital city, capital of the People's Republic of China. It is the world's List of national capitals by population, most populous national capital city, ...
,
Shanghai Shanghai (, , Standard Chinese, Standard Mandarin pronunciation: ) is one of the four Direct-administered municipalities of China, direct-administered municipalities of the China, People's Republic of China, governed by the State Council o ...
,
Guangzhou Guangzhou (; , or ; ), also known as Canton and Postal romanization, alternately romanized as Kwangchow, is the capital city, capital and most populous city of the Provinces of China, province of Guangdong in South China, southern China. Lo ...
,
Shenzhen Shenzhen (; ; , formerly romanized as Sham Chun) is a major sub-provincial city on the east bank of the Pearl River estuary on the central coast of southern province of Guangdong Guangdong ( alternately romanized as Canton Province or ...
, belong to the first tier, while tier II includes other major cities. Small and medium cities are grouped into tier III or IV.


Republic of China (1912–1949)

:Note: All names are transliterated in pinyin. ;Fu (府) cities ;Shi () cities


See also

*
List of capitals in China The scope of this list is limited to capital city, capital cities of first-level administrative divisions such as provinces of China, provinces, autonomous regions of China, autonomous regions, direct-administered municipalities of China, municipal ...
* List of Chinese prefecture-level cities by GDP * List of Chinese prefecture-level cities by GDP per capita *
List of cities in China by population China is the world's most populous country. According to the Demographic research group in 2017, there are 102 Chinese cities with over 1 million people in the "urban area", as defined by the group's methodology. Definition and classification Acc ...
* List of cities in the Republic of China (Taiwan) * List of fu prefectures of China * List of villages in China


References


External links


China City ForumChina City Development Institute
- academic organization
China Historical Geographic Information System
(and Placename Search Engine) {{Navboxes , list = {{Asia topic, List of cities in {{China topics, state=autocollapse Cities in China, 01 Lists of cities by country, China China geography-related lists, city Lists of cities in Asia, China Metropolitan areas of China, .C Populated places in China, C