National parksThere are 63 officially designated national parks in the United States and its dependent areas, as of 2021. The national parks are considered the "crown jewels" of the system and are typically larger than other areas, including a variety of significant ecological and geological resources.
Former national parks
National monumentsThere are 129 National monument (United States), national monuments, 85 of which are administered by the NPS and are listed below. Of these, 84 (all except Grand Canyon-Parashant) are List of the United States National Park System official units, NPS official units. The remaining 44 monuments are administered by five other federal agencies. Two, Grand Canyon–Parashant and Craters of the Moon National Monuments, are jointly administered by the NPS and the Bureau of Land Management, and Tule Lake National Monument is joint with the Fish and Wildlife Service. National monuments are typically smaller and protect just one or few major resources. They include both natural and historical sites and can be established by the president under the Antiquities Act.
Former national monuments
National preservesThere are 21 national preserves in the United States, 19 of which are counted by the National Park System as List of the United States National Park System official units, official units. Ten are stand-alone official units, while eleven others are designated areas where hunting or grazing is permitted as part of a larger "national park and preserve" or "national monument and preserve". Nine of those are counted as separate units, while Oregon Caves National Monument and Preserve and New River Gorge National Park and Preserve are single units (there is no functional difference). Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve is not officially a national preserve but has similar management policies, while Salt River Bay National Historical Park and Ecological Preserve is unrelated.
National historical parksThere are 61 national historical parks. ;Authorized national historical parks
National historic sitesThere are 84 national historic sites, of which 74 are NPS units, 9 are affiliated areas, and one, Grey Towers National Historic Site, is managed by the U.S. Forest Service (not listed here).
Former national historic sites
Authorized national historic sites
International historic site
National battlefield parks
National military parks
Former national military parks
National battlefield site
Former national battlefield sites
National memorialsThere are 31 national memorials that are NPS units and five affiliated national memorials.
Former national memorials
Authorized national memorials
National recreation areasThere are 18 national recreation areas administered by the National Park Service. Another 22 national recreation areas are administered by the Forest Service and Bureau of Land Management.
Former or transferred national recreation areas
National seashoresThere are 10 national seashores.
National lakeshoresThere are three national lakeshores, located in Michigan and Wisconsin.
Former national lakeshores
National rivers and national wild and scenic riversThere are four national rivers (marked with an asterisk) and ten national wild and scenic rivers administered as distinct units of the National Park System. There are many more national wild and scenic rivers that run through other units.
Former national rivers
National reservesNational reserves are partnerships between federal, state, and local authorities. Within the boundaries of the three national reserves are combinations of federal land (Park Service or National Wildlife Refuges), state parks and forests, local public lands, and private properties. Two national reserves are currently managed as official units.
National parkwaysTen roadways and surrounding scenic areas are managed by the NPS as parkways, four of which as official units and five as part of other units.
National historic and scenic trailsThese National Park Service trails are part of the larger National Trails System. Only three of the trails are considered official units of the park system.
National cemeteriesMost United States national cemetery, national cemeteries are administered by the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, Department of Veterans Affairs, although a few are managed by the National Park Service and the U.S. Army. None of the cemeteries are considered official units of the system; they are all affiliated with other parks.
Transferred national cemeteries
National heritage areasThe National Park Service provides limited assistance to national heritage areas, but does not administer them.
Other NPS protected areas and administrative groupsThere are 11 NPS units of other designations, as well as other affiliated areas. The National Mall and National Capital Parks have many sites, some of which are also units of other designations. In addition, there are sites where the NPS is authorized to provide financial and technical assistance to local authorities for interpretive or educational purposes, but do not have the right to acquire land or have a say in land use or zoning. These include the 55 National Heritage Areas, as well as National Commemorative Sites such as Quindaro Townsite or the Landmark for Peace Memorial, Kennedy-King National Commemorative Site. There are also various administrative groups of listed parks, such as Manhattan Sites, National Parks of New York Harbor, and Western Arctic National Parklands. The NPS also owns conservation easements (but not the land itself) for part of the area called the Green Springs National Historic Landmark District.
Former other areasIn the 1930s and 1940s, the NPS developed dozens of recreational demonstration areas, most of which eventually became national or state parks.
See also* List of the United States National Park System official units (the ) * List of fee areas in the United States National Park System * List of national parks, List of all national parks of the world * List of U.S. state parks * National Park Passport Stamps * List of National Natural Landmarks * List of tourist attractions worldwide
References* Bureau Historian (2006)