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Test cricket Test cricket is the form of the sport of cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wi ...
is played between international
cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two Bail (cricket), bai ...

cricket
teams who are Full Members of the
International Cricket Council The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the world governing body A governing body is a group of people that has the authority to exercise governance Governance is all the processes of interactions be they through the laws Law ...
(ICC). Unlike
One Day International A One Day International (ODI) is a form of limited overs cricket Limited overs cricket, also known as one-day cricket, is a version of the sport of cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball ga ...
s, Test matches consist of two
innings An innings is one of the divisions of a cricket match during which one team takes its turn to batting (cricket), bat. Innings also means the period in which an individual player bats (acts as either striker or nonstriker). Innings, in cricket, a ...
per team, with no limit in the number of
overs In cricket, an over consists of six consecutive legal delivery (cricket), deliveries bowling (cricket), bowled from one end of a cricket pitch to the player batting at the other end, almost always by a single bowler. A maiden over is an over in ...
. Test cricket is
first-class cricket First-class cricket is the highest-standard international or domestic matches in the sport of cricket. A first-class match is one of three or more days' scheduled duration between two sides of eleven players each and is officially adjudged to b ...
, so statistics and records set in Test matches are also counted toward first-class records. The duration of Tests, currently limited to five days, has varied through Test history, ranging from three days to timeless matches. The earliest match now recognised as a Test was played between
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...
and
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...
in March 1877; since then there have been over 2,000 Tests played by 13 teams. The frequency of Tests has steadily increased partly because of the increase in the number of Test-playing countries, and partly as cricket boards seek to maximise their revenue. Cricket is, by its nature, capable of generating large numbers of records and statistics. This list details the most significant team and individual records in Test cricket. As of March 2021, the most successful team in Test cricket, in terms of both wins and win percentage, is Australia, having won 393 of their 830 Tests (47.24%). Excluding teams who have only played a single Test (the ICC World XI and a rest of world team who played a single Test against Australia in 2005) the least successful team are
Bangladesh Bangladesh (, bn, বাংলাদেশ, ), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a country in South Asia South Asia is the southern region of Asia, which is defined in both geography, geographical and culture, ethno-c ...
who have struggled since their introduction to Test cricket in 2000, leading to questioning of their Test status. Australian
Donald Bradman Sir Donald George Bradman, Companion of the Order of Australia, AC (27 August 1908 – 25 February 2001), nicknamed "The Don", was an Australian international cricketer, widely acknowledged as the greatest batsman of all time. Bradman's ...
, widely considered the greatest batsman of all time, holds several personal and partnership records. He scored the most runs in a series, has the most double centuries and was a part of the record 5th wicket
partnership A partnership is an arrangement where parties, known as business partner A business partner is a commercial entity with which another commercial entity has some form of Business alliance, alliance. This relationship may be a contractual, exclus ...
. His most significant record is his
batting average Batting average is a statistic in cricket, baseball, and softball that measures the performance of batsmen in cricket and batters in baseball and softball. The development of the baseball statistic was influenced by the cricket statistic. Cricket ...
of 99.94. One of cricket's most famous statistics, it still stands almost 40
runs Run(s) or RUN may refer to: Places * Run (island), one of the Banda Islands in Indonesia * Run (stream), a stream in the Dutch province of North Brabant People * Run (rapper), Joseph Simmons, now known as "Reverend Run", from the hip-hop group R ...
higher than any other batsman's career average. Don Bradman is the only player in the world to have scored 5000 runs against a single opposition: 5028 runs against England. In the Manchester Test of 1956, England spin bowler
Jim Laker James Charles Laker (9 February 1922 – 23 April 1986) was an English professional cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played ...
took 19
wickets In cricket, the term wicket has several meanings: * It is one of the two sets of three Stump (cricket), stumps and two Bail (cricket), bails at either end of the Cricket pitch, pitch. The Fielding (cricket), fielding team's players can hit the ...
for 90 runs (19–90) which set not only the Test record for best match figures but also the first-class one. In taking 10–53 in the second innings he became the first bowler to capture all ten wickets in a Test match innings, and his
analysis Analysis is the process of breaking a complex topic or substance Substance may refer to: * Substance (Jainism), a term in Jain ontology to denote the base or owner of attributes * Chemical substance, a material with a definite chemical composit ...
remains the best innings figures. Indian
leg spinner . Image:slow left arm small.gif, A leg spin or leg break delivery bowled from around the wicket. Leg spin is a type of cricket.html"_;"title="spin_bowling_in_cricket">spin_bowling_in_cricket._A_leg_spinner_bowls_right-arm_with_a_wrist_spin_act ...
Anil Kumble Anil Kumble (; born 17 October 1970) is an Indian Cricket coach, Captain, former cricketer and commentator who was played Tests and ODIs for 18 years. Widely regarded as one of the greatest bowlers in test cricket history, he is a right-arm ...

Anil Kumble
was the second bowler to take 10 wickets in an innings, claiming 10–74 against
Pakistan Pakistan, . Pronounced variably in English as , , , and . officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world's List of countries and dependencies by population, fifth-most populous country, with a popul ...
in 1999. In December 2021, New Zealand spinner, Ajaz Patel became the third bowler to take 10 wickets in an innings.
West Indies The West Indies are a subregion A subregion is a part of a larger region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, in ...
batsman
Brian Lara Brian Charles Lara, (born 2 May 1969) is a Trinidadian Trinidadians and Tobagonians, colloquially known as Trinis or Trinbagonians, are the people who are identified with the country of Trinidad and Tobago. The country is home to peopl ...
has the highest individual score in Test cricket: he scored 400
not out In cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two Bail ( ...
against England in 2004 to surpass the innings of 380 by
Matthew Hayden Matthew Lawrence Hayden (born 29 October 1971) is an Australian cricket commentator and former cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the ...
six months earlier. Lara had held the record before Hayden, with a score of 375 against England 10 years earlier. Pakistan's
Misbah-ul-Haq Misbah-ul-Haq Khan Niazi ( ur, ) (born 28 May 1974) is a Pakistani cricket coach and former international cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at t ...

Misbah-ul-Haq
holds the record of the fastest Test half century, scoring 50 runs from 21 balls. The record for the fastest Test century is held by New Zealand's
Brendon McCullum Brendon Barrie McCullum (born 27 September 1981) is a New Zealand cricket coach, commentator and former cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, fie ...
, who scored 100 runs from 54 balls in his final Test match. The trend of countries to increase the number of Test matches they play means that the aggregate lists are dominated by modern players. Sri Lankan spinner
Muttiah Muralitharan Deshabandu Muttiah Muralitharan ( ta, முத்தையா முரளிதரன், si, මුත්තයියා මුරලිදරන් also spelt Muralidaran; born 1972) is a Sri Lankan Tamils, Sri Lankan cricket coach, forme ...

Muttiah Muralitharan
became the highest Test wicket-taker in December 2007, when he passed
Shane Warne Shane Keith Warne (born 13 September 1969) is an Australian cricket commentator and former international cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are ...

Shane Warne
's total of 708 wickets. Within a year, the equivalent batting record of highest run-scorer had also changed hands:
Sachin Tendulkar Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar (; ; born 24 April 1973) is a former international cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two o ...

Sachin Tendulkar
surpassed the tally of 11,953 runs by Brian Lara. The record for most dismissals by a
wicket-keeper The wicket-keeper in the sport of cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicket at e ...
is held by
Mark Boucher Mark Verdon Boucher (born 3 December 1976) is a South African cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pit ...

Mark Boucher
of
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital citie ...
while the record for most
catches
catches
by a fielder is held by
Rahul Dravid Rahul Sharad Dravid (; born 11 January 1973) is a former Indian cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing te ...

Rahul Dravid
.


Listing criteria

In general the top five are listed in each category (except when there is a tie for the last place among the five, when all the tied record holders are noted).


Listing notation

;Team notation * (300–3) indicates that a team scored 300
runs Run(s) or RUN may refer to: Places * Run (island), one of the Banda Islands in Indonesia * Run (stream), a stream in the Dutch province of North Brabant People * Run (rapper), Joseph Simmons, now known as "Reverend Run", from the hip-hop group R ...
for three
wicket In cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two Bai ...
s and the innings was closed, either due to a successful run chase or if no playing time remained * (300–3 d) indicates that a team scored 300 runs for three wickets, and declared its innings closed * (300) indicates that a team scored 300 runs and was all out ;Batting notation * (100) indicates that a batsman scored 100 runs and was
out Out may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Films *Out (1957 film), ''Out'' (1957 film), a documentary short about the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 *Out (1982 film), ''Out'' (1982 film), an American film directed by Eli Hollander *Out (200 ...
* (100*) indicates that a batsman scored 100 runs and was not out ;Bowling notation * (5–100) indicates that a bowler has captured 5 wickets while conceding 100 runs ;Currently playing * indicates a current Test cricketer ;Seasons * Domestic
cricket season Cricket seasons are the times of the year when cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicket at ...
s in Australia,
New Zealand New Zealand ( mi, Aotearoa ''Aotearoa'' (; commonly pronounced by English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon Engl ...

New Zealand
, South Africa,
India India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi Hindi (Devanagari: , हिंदी, ISO 15919, ISO: ), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: , ISO 15919, ISO: ), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken chiefly in Hindi Belt, ...

India
,
Pakistan Pakistan, . Pronounced variably in English as , , , and . officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world's List of countries and dependencies by population, fifth-most populous country, with a popul ...

Pakistan
,
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka (, ; si, ශ්‍රී ලංකාව, Śrī Laṅkā, translit-std=ISO (); ta, இலங்கை, Ilaṅkai, translit-std=ISO ()), formerly known as Ceylon, and officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is ...

Sri Lanka
,
Bangladesh Bangladesh (, bn, বাংলাদেশ, ), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a country in South Asia South Asia is the southern region of Asia, which is defined in both geography, geographical and culture, ethno-c ...

Bangladesh
,
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe (), officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country A landlocked country is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an individ ...

Zimbabwe
and the
West Indies The West Indies are a subregion A subregion is a part of a larger region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, in ...
may span two calendar years, and are by convention said to be played in (''e.g.'') "2008–09". A cricket season in England is described as a single year. ''e.g.'' "2009". An international Test series may be for a much shorter duration, and
Cricinfo ''ESPN''cricinfo (formerly known as Cricinfo or CricInfo) is a sports news website exclusively for the game of cricket. The site features news, articles, live coverage of cricket matches (including liveblogs and scorecards), and ''StatsGuru'' ...
treats this issue by stating "any series or matches which began between May and September of any given year will appear in the relevant single year season and any that began between October and April will appear in the relevant cross-year season". In the record tables, a two-year span generally indicates that the record was set within a domestic season in one of the above named countries.


Team records


Team wins, losses and draws


Result records


Greatest win margins (by innings)


Greatest win margin (by runs)


Matches that finished with scores level


Narrowest win margin (by wickets)


Narrowest win margin (by runs)


Victory after following-on


Most consecutive wins


Team scoring records


Individual records


Individual records (batting)


Career runs


Most runs in each batting position


Highest career batting average


Innings or series


Calendar year and between dismissals


Highest scores at each batting position


Innings as captain


Innings carrying the bat


Most runs in an over


Centuries


Half Centuries


Most fours in career


Most sixes in career


Ducks


Individual records (bowling)


Career


Series


Innings


Match records


Innings as captain


Match records as captain


Individual records (fielding)


Most catches in Test career


Individual records (wicket-keeping)


Individual records (as an all-rounder)


Individual records (other)


Partnership records


Highest partnership for each wicket


Highest partnerships


See also

* List of Afghanistan Test cricket records *
List of Australia Test cricket records Test cricket'' Test cricket is the form of the sport of cricket with the longest match duration, and is considered the game's highest standard. Rotary Test matches are played between national representative teams that have been granted Test ...
*List of Bangladesh Test cricket records *List of England Test cricket records *List of India Test cricket records *List of Ireland Test cricket records *List of New Zealand Test cricket records *List of Pakistan Test cricket records *List of South Africa Test cricket records *List of Sri Lanka Test cricket records *List of West Indies Test cricket records *List of Zimbabwe Test cricket records *List of Cricket records *List of One Day International cricket records *List of Twenty20 International records


References


External links


Records – Test matches
ESPN Cricinfo
HowSTAT!


Cricket-Records.com

Wisden {{DEFAULTSORT:List Of Test Cricket Records Test cricket records, * Cricket-related lists, Test cricket records