Social and cultural phenomena specific to the Internet include Internet memes, such as popular themes, catchphrases, images, viral videos, and jokes. When such fads and sensations occur online, they tend to grow rapidly and become more widespread because the instant communication facilitates word of mouth transmission. The below partial list focuses more on Internet phenomena that is not restricted by regional Internet laws; other countries such as China or Pakistan do have Internet phenomena specific there that is not blocked by regional laws. Other regional Internet phenomena in countries with restricted regional laws are covered in List of Internet phenomena in China and List of Internet phenomena in Pakistan.

Advertising and products

* Beanie Babies – Beanie Babies were cited as being the world's first Internet sensation in 1995. * ''Cooks Source'' infringement controversy – An advertising-supported publication's dismissive response to copyright infringement complaint causes online backlash. * ''Elf Yourself'' (2006) and its related ''Scrooge Yourself'' (2007) are both interactive websites created by Jason Zada and Evolution Bureau for OfficeMax's holiday season advertising campaign. ''Elf Yourself'' allows visitors to upload images of themselves or their friends, see them as dancing elves, and includes options to post the created video to other sites or save it as a personalized mini-film. According to ClickZ, visiting the ''Elf Yourself'' site "has become an annual tradition that people look forward to". While not selling any one specific product, the two were created to raise consumer awareness of the sponsoring firm. * Flex Tape - An infomercial of the product Flex Tape. It became a meme after Youtuber JonTron made a video reviewing the infomercial. * FreeCreditReport.com – A series of TV commercials that were posted on the Internet; many spoofs of the commercials were made and posted on YouTube. * HeadOn – A June 2006 advertisement for a homeopathic product claimed to relieve headaches. Ads featured the tagline, "HeadOn. Apply directly to the forehead", stated three times in succession, accompanied by a video of a model using the product without ever directly stating the product's purpose. The ads were successively parodied on sites such as YouTube and rapper Lil Jon even made fun of it. * Little Darth Vader – An advertisement by Volkswagen featuring young Max Page dressed in a Darth Vader costume running around his house trying to use "the Force". It was released on the Internet a few days prior to Super Bowl XLV in 2011, and quickly became popular. It eventually became the most shared ad of all-time. * LowerMyBills.comBanner ads from this mortgage company feature endless loops of cowboys, women, aliens, and office workers dancing. * ''The Man Your Man Could Smell Like'' – A television commercial starring Isaiah Mustafa reciting a quick, deadpan monologue while shirtless about how "anything is possible" if men use Old Spice. It eventually led to a popular viral marketing campaign which had Mustafa responding to various Internet comments in short YouTube videos on Old Spice's YouTube channel. * "Mac Tonight/Moon Man" – A McDonald's commercial made to promote dinner sales. Starting in 2007, the character in the commercial, "Mac Tonight" was utilized in videos where he is depicted promoting violence against minorities and promoting the KKK with racist parodies of rap songs. The best-known parody, "Notorious KKK" (a parody of ''Hypnotize'' by The Notorious B.I.G.), has accumulated over 119,000 views on YTMND. * "Nope, Chuck Testa" – A local commercial made for Ojai Valley Taxidermy, owned by Chuck Testa, suggesting that the stuffed creatures were alive until Testa appeared, saying "Nope, Chuck Testa!"; the ad soon went viral. * Potato Parcel – a web site that allows the user to send anonymous personalized messages on potatoes via the mail. * ''Pepsi MAX & Jeff Gordon Present: Test Drive'' – A short film where NASCAR driver Jeff Gordon poses as an average car buyer to prank a cars salesman. A sequel, ''Test Drive 2'', was released the following year, with Gordon pranking a writer who had branded the original video as fake. * "Rivals" – A commercial for video game retailer EB Games that promoted ''Call of Duty: Advanced Warfare''. The commercial drew criticism for its concept and the performances of its actors. * Shake WeightInfomercial clips of the modified dumbbell went viral as a result of the product's sexually suggestive nature. *''What Would You Do For A Klondike Bar?'' - A slogan at the end of commerials advertising the ice cream sandwich Klondike bar. People on YouTube and Facebook began posting videos depicting people in dangerous and absurdist situations attempting to reach a Klondike Bar in response to the slogan. * Will It Blend? – The blender product Blendtec, claimed by its creator Tom Dickson to be the most powerful blender, is featured in a series of YouTube videos, "''Will It Blend?''" where numerous food and non-food items are used within the blender. * Xtranormal – A website allowing users to create videos by scripting the dialog and choosing from a menu of camera angles and predesigned CGI characters and scenes. Though originally designed to be used to ease storyboard development for filmmakers, the site quickly became popular after videos made with the tool, including "iPhone 4 vs HTC Evo", became viral.

Animation and comics

* Animutations – Early Flash-based animations, pioneered by Neil Cicierega in 2001, typically featuring foreign language songs (primary Japanese, such as "Yatta"), set to random pop-culture images. The form is said to have launched the use of Flash for inexpensive animations that are now more common on the Internet. * ''Arthur'' – A 1996 PBS educational series that became popular on the Internet in July 2016 through humorous stills, including a still of the title character's clenched fist. * Ate my balls – One of the earliest examples of an internet meme, which involved web pages depicting a particular celebrity, fictional character, or other subject's relish for eating testicles. * ''Axe Cop'' – Initially a web comic series with stories created by five-year-old Malachai Nicolle and drawn into comic form by his 29-year-old brother Ethan, the series gained viral popularity on the Internet due to the vividness and non-sequitur nature of Malachai's imagination, and has led to physical publication and a series of animated shorts in the 2012–2013 season for the Fox Television Network. * Badger Badger Badger – A hypnotic loop of animal calisthenics set to the chant of "badger, badger, badger", created by Jonti "Weebl" Picking. *Big Chungus – A still frame of the 1941 Merrie Melodies short Wabbit Twouble when Bugs Bunny mocks a fat Elmer Fudd. The meme originated from fictitious cover art for a video game titled ''Big Chungus'' (with "chungus" being a neologism associated with video game commentator Jim Sterling), which featured a still from the scene, and was popularized by a Facebook post by a GameStop manager who alleged that a colleague's mother had inquired about purchasing the "game" as a gift. * Bongo Cat – Originated on Twitter on 7 May 2018 when a simple animated cat GIF, was edited for it to play the song "Athletic" from the ''Super Mario World'' soundtrack. This cat has since been edited to play various songs on bongos, and later other instruments. * "Caramelldansen" – A spoof from the Japanese visual novel opening ''Popotan'' that shows the two main characters doing a hip swing dance with their hands over their heads, imitating rabbit ears, while the background song plays the sped-up version of the song "Caramelldansen", sung by the Swedish music group Caramell. Also known as ''Caramelldansen Speedycake Remix'' or ''Uma uma dance'' in Japan, the song was parodied by artists and fans who then copy the animation and include characters from other anime performing the dance. * ''Charlie the Unicorn'' – A four-part series of videos involving a unicorn who is repeatedly hoodwinked by two other unnamed unicorns, colored blue and pink, who take him on elaborate adventures in order to steal his belongings or cause him physical harm. * ''Dancing baby'' – A 3D-rendered dancing baby that first appeared in 1996 by the creators of Character Studio for 3D Studio MAX, and became something of a late 1990s cultural icon, in part due to its exposure on worldwide commercials, editorials about Character Studio, and the popular television series ''Ally McBeal''. * ''The End of the World'' – A flash animated video by Jason Windsor in 2003 that depicts a situation when the entire world is nuked by rivaling countries. * ''Happy Tree Friends'' – A series of Flash cartoons featuring cute cartoon animals experiencing violent and gruesome accidents. * ''Homestar Runner'' – A Flash animated Internet cartoon by Mike Chapman, Craig Zobel, and Matt Chapman, created in 1996 and popularized in 2000. The cartoon contains many references to popular culture from the 1980s and 1990s, including video games, television, and popular music. * '' I'll take a potato chip... and eat it!!!'' – A scene from the English-language dub of episode 8 of the anime adaptation of Death Note, showing the main character Light Yagami taking a potato chip from a bag of chips and eating the chip,In an extremely dramatic way . Which includes dramatic music and action movie style camera cuts. * Joe Cartoon – Creator of interactive Flash animations ''Frog in a Blender'' and ''Gerbil in a Microwave'', which were two of the first Flash cartoons to receive fame on the Internet. * Loituma Girl (also known as Leekspin) – a looped Flash animation of an anime girl Orihime Inoue from the ''Bleach'' series twirling a leek, set to a scat singing section of the traditional Finnish folk song "Ievan Polkka", sung by the Finnish quartet Loituma on their 1995 debut album ''Things of Beauty''. The band's popularity rose tremendously after the animation was posted in Russian LiveJournal in 2006. The song clip soon enjoyed overwhelming popularity as a ringtone, with most of the young urban population aware of the "Yak zup zop" lyrics. * ''Motu Patlu'' – an Indian cartoon aired on Nickelodeon (India), made widely popular by a Nick India ad celebrating Teacher's Day in India, which has been reposted under the title "D se Dab". * Nyan Cat – A YouTube video of an animated flying cat, set to a Utau song. * Polandball – A user-generated Internet meme which originated on the /int/ board of German imageboard Krautchan.net in the latter half of 2009. The meme is manifested in a large number of online comics, where countries are presented as spherical personas that interact in often broken English, poking fun at national stereotypes and international relations, as well as historical conflicts. * Pusheen – An animated grey tabby cat, originally drawn as a character in the webcomic "Everyday Cute" by artists Clare Belton and Andrew Duff. Belton has since released a Pusheen book. * Rage comics – A large set of pre-drawn images including crudely drawn stick figures, clip art, and other artwork, typically assembled through website generators, to allow anyone to assemble a comic and post to various websites and boards. The ''New York Times'' reports that thousands of these are created daily. Typically these are drawn in response to a real-life event that has angered the comic's creator, hence the term "rage comics", but comics assembled for any other purpose are also made. Certain images from rage comics are known by specific titles, such as "trollface" (a widely grinning man), "forever alone" (a man crying to himself), or "rage guy" (a man shouting "FUUUUU..."). * Salad Fingers – A Flash animation series surrounding a schizophrenic green man in a desolate world populated mostly by deformed, functionally mute people. * Simpsonwave – A genre of videos where clips of the American animated sitcom ''The Simpsons'' are filtered with tinted, VHS-like effects and played over psychedelic vaporwave or chillwave tracks. * The Spirit of Christmas – Consists of two different animated short films made by Trey Parker and Matt Stone, which are precursors to the animated series ''South Park''. To differentiate between the two homonymous shorts, the first short is often referred to as ''Jesus vs. Frosty'' (1992), and the second short as ''Jesus vs. Santa'' (1995). Fox executive Brian Graden sent copies of ''Jesus vs. Santa'' to several of his friends, and from there it was copied and distributed, including on the internet, where it became one of the first viral videos. They were created by animating construction paper cutouts with stop motion, and features prototypes of the main characters of ''South Park''. * "This is fine" – A two-panel comic drawn in 2013 by KC Green as part of the ''Gunshow'' webcomic, showing an anthropomorphic dog sitting in a room on fire, and saying "This is fine". The comic emerged as a meme in 2016, used in situations, as described by ''The New York Times'', "halfway between a shrug and complete denial of reality". Numerous derivatives of the "This is fine" comic have been made. *"Tuxedo Winnie the Pooh" - A photoshopped image of Winnie the Pooh sitting in an armchair from the featurette ''Winnie the Pooh and the Honey Tree'', which became popular on Reddit in 2019. The meme, which is also known as "A fellow man of culture", features Wiinnie the Pooh wearing a tuxedo and smiling. * The Ultimate Showdown of Ultimate Destiny – A lethal battle royale between many notable real and fictitious characters from popular culture. Set to a song of the same name, written and performed by Neil Cicierega under his musician alias, "Lemon Demon." * Ultra Instinct Shaggy – A character interpretation that Shaggy Rogers is immensely more powerful than he presents himself. The meme is usually presented as still frames of a behind-the-scenes interview of the Scooby-Doo movie with subtitles implying that Shaggy is restraining his power to prevent catastrophe. * Weebl and Bob – A series of flash cartoons created by Jonti Picking featuring two egg-shaped characters that like pie and speak in a stylistic manner. * xkcd – A webcomic created by Randall Munroe, popularized on the Internet due to a high level of math-, science- and geek-related humor, with certain jokes being reflected in real-life, such as using Wikipedia's "" tag on real world signs or the addition of an audio preview for YouTube comments.


These generally feature Internet users recording themselves taking a challenge and then distributing the resulting video through social media sites, often inspiring or daring other users to repeat the challenge. * Banana Sprite Challenge – a challenge to quickly eat two bananas and drink one can of Sprite without vomiting. There are other versions of the challenge, but the suggested premise is that the body cannot digest both substances at the same time. While the vomit response is commonly assumed to be a chemical reaction between the two foods, the reaction may also occur due simply to the large amount of food and drink ingested within a short period. Dietitian Heather Boline observes that the human stomach can only hold around two cups, saying "Too much food or liquid in your stomach if your stomach doesn’t have that capability can make you vomit." Thus, the vomiting response is likely due to the volume of food and drink being higher than the volume of the stomach. * ''Bird Box'' Challenge – For its film ''Bird Box'', where a significant plot element has characters keeping themselves blindfolded to prevent going insane, Netflix partnered with Twitch streamers to challenge them to play video games blindfolded. However, the challenge morphed into people attempting everyday activities fully blindfolded while being recorded, which included attempting to cook, walk in busy streets, and drive cars. Several of these videos have gone viral, but others repeating the challenges have gotten themselves into a number of non-fatal injuries. Netflix and law officials have issued warnings that people should only perform ''Bird Box'' challenges in safe, isolated places to eliminate the potential to injure themselves and others. * Book Bucket Challenge – a variant of so-called Ice Bucket Challenge with an Indian origin. It went viral on social media during August–September 2014. The original Ice Bucket Challenge involved participants pouring a bucket of ice over their head or donating money to the ALS Association. The Book Bucket Challenge involves people sharing the names of 10 books that inspired them on their social networking pages or donating books to the needy and sharing those photos with friends on social networking sites. * Bottle Cap Challenge – A martial arts challenge where one must kick the bottle cap off without knocking over the bottle itself. * Cameron Boyce Challenge – After Cameron Boyce passed away at age 20, a new challenge became trending as folks mimicked the symptoms of epileptic seizure that led to his death. Fans called out this challenge as obscene, considering it an insult to his immediate family and to everyone with epilepsy. * Charlie Charlie Challenge – A ouija-emulating ritual in which the spirit of a Mexican demon named "Charlie" is invoked via two pencils in the shape of a cross and the words "yes" and "no" written on paper in a square. Social media users began circulating videos of pencils moving to the word "yes" when asking if the demon is present. * Cheesed Challenge – a recent Twitter trend. Parents film themselves tossing cheese slices at their babies with controversial results. * Cinnamon challenge – a viral Internet food challenge. The objective of the challenge is to film oneself swallowing a spoonful of ground cinnamon in under 60 seconds without drinking anything, then upload the video to the Internet. The challenge is difficult and carries substantial health risks because the cinnamon coats and dries the mouth and throat, resulting in coughing, gagging, vomiting and inhaling of cinnamon, leading to throat irritation, breathing difficulties, and risk of pneumonia or a collapsed lung. * Condom challenge – a viral Internet challenge. The challenge involves inserting a latex condom into the nostril and snorting it into the nasal cavity and back through the throat to be coughed out of the mouth. The term "condom challenge" was coined in May 2012 following the widespread popularity of the cinnamon challenge, but the idea is several years old and videos of challenge attempts date to at least 2007. The challenge went viral in April 2013, when WorldStarHipHop posted a video of two young women attempting the challenge, and several people subsequently uploaded videos onto the Internet of themselves attempting the challenge. The stunt poses potential choking hazards. * Coronavirus Challenge – the challenge involves licking various surfaces such as door handles and even public toilet bowls. At least one person who took the challenge was reported to have contracted COVID-19. * Eraser Challenge – a kids trend where one rubs an eraser on their bare skin as hard as they can while reciting the English alphabet. While that may sound like a fun school activity, it can cause painful burns and scars to the skin, possibly with infections as well, thus leading to parental concerns. * Fire Challenge – an activity which refers to the application of flammable liquids to one's body and then setting the liquids aflame, while being video recorded. The aftermath is then posted to social media sites. Firefighters, police officers and media sources have chastised and spoken out against the activity, hoping to dissuade individuals from trying it due to its harmful nature. * Food challenge – examples include the gallon challenge or the Saltine cracker challenge, are specific challenges or competitions involving food. These may occur as part of competitive eating or as an online challenge. For example, the dare of the cinnamon challenge meme is to attempt to eat a specified amount of ground cinnamon within a minute and then also post the video online, like a chain letter. * Food Stamp or SNAP Challenge – a trend in the United States popularized by religious groups, community activists and food pantries, in which a family of means chooses to purchase food using only the monetary equivalent of what a family that size would receive in the US federal government Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), colloquially called food stamps. In 2015, this amounted to US$194.00 per person per month, or nearly $7.00 per day. * Gallon Smashing – A challenge which surfaced on YouTube in 2013, Gallon smashing involves obtaining bottles of liquid in a supermarket (usually cow's milk or water) and then throwing them against the floor and spilling their contents in such a way that the act is seen to be accidental rather than deliberate. The participant may attempt to damage other objects as they throw the bottles, or fall into the resultant spill and seek the assistance of customers to help them up. Participants of this challenge often sustain injuries and frequently face punishment from legal authorities, including the two teenagers who originally started the phenomenon. * Ice Bucket Challenge – A charity-driven effort where a person "tags" three other people over social media, challenging them either to donate $100 to the ALS Association, or to otherwise douse themselves with a bucket of ice-cold water while filming themselves as well as making a smaller donation and tagging three others with the same challenge. As the challenge propagated, it tagged various celebrities and people with large numbers of social followers, causing the challenge to grow in a viral manner. * ''I Will Survive'' coronavirus challenge – Named after Gloria Gaynor's hit song, the aim is to encourage people to properly wash their hands in light of the coronavirus pandemic. The iconic singer made a video that has since gone viral on TikTok. * Kylie Jenner Lip Challenge – Based on trying to recreate the puffy lips of television star Kylie Jenner, Internet users show themselves using a small vessel like a shotglass that covers their lips, drawing all the air out of the vessel, and then releasing, which temporarily puffs the lips by drawing the user's blood into them. The activity is considered harmful, both from bruising and dis-figuration of the lips, and the potential for the vessel to shatter and cut the person. * Mannequin Challenge – a viral Internet video trend that started in October 2016 where people remain still while a video is recorded, usually with music in the background, most commonly "Black Beatles" by Rae Sremmurd. It became especially popular with sports teams and athletes. * Outlet Challenge – One year after YouTube announced its ban on extremely dangerous challenges videos, users migrated to TikTok to share their videos of the new viral challenge. Participants have partially plugged in their phone chargers into outlets, then slid pennies into the gap between the phone charger and the electrical socket, resulting in electrical fire hazards, exploiting a design flaw of the NEMA connector. The Massachusetts State Fire Marshal issued a letter warning fire departments and schools regarding the challenge. * Running Man Challenge – A series of dance videos originally created by Hillside, New Jersey high school students Kevin Vincent and Jeremiah Hall on Instagram that uses the song "My Boo" by Ghost Town DJ's. *Sailor Moon redraw challenge – An challenge on the entire that does an redraw on the pop character Sailor Moon from the series of the same name either having scenes of her drawn in different art styles or having another fictional character take her place in the scene which first appeared in the early 2020s. * Salt and ice challenge – Internet phenomenon wherein participants pour salt on their bodies, usually on the arm and ice is then placed on the salt. This causes a "burning" sensation, and participants vie to withstand the pain for the longest time. The challenge is recorded and posted on YouTube or other forms of social media.Kuhn, Sherri. 5 July 2012.
The Salt and ice challenge: Don't let your teen get burned
. Retrieved 28 June 2013.
* Skull Breaker Challenge – A challenge originating on TikTok that went viral in February 2020. The challenge involves two people convincing another person to jump, and then kick their legs out, causing the person jumping to fall on their head. Several people have been hospitalized after performing this challenge. * Tide Pod Challenge – Similar to other eating challenges, this saw people attempt to eat Tide Pods, small packets filled with laundry detergent and other chemicals that normally dissolve while in a washing machine. The challenge gained attention in late 2017 and early 2018, and quickly was addressed by several health-related organizations, as the chemicals in the packet are poisonous and toxic to humans. These agencies sought to warn users and strongly discourage the challenge after dozens of cases of poisoning were reported within the first few weeks of 2018, while YouTube took action to remove videos related to the challenge to further stop its spread. * Trashtag Challenge is an environmental challenge encouraging people to cleanup litter and post before/after photos. The challenge went viral in 2019 and is part of a movement to cleanup litter and trash from the outdoors. Organizations that are actively involved in the challenge include National CleanUp Day, Earth Day, Keep America Beautiful, and World Cleanup Day. * Yoga Challenge – A continuing YouTube video trend that first went viral during the summer of 2014 involving participants who attempt to perform a series of acroyoga poses that are taken from the internet. Typically, participants are not trained in yoga, which results in humorous outcomes (awkward stances, falling down, etc.). These attempts are captured on film, usually on a smartphone or tablet camera, and uploaded to YouTube. Usually, prior to attempting a pose, participants will show an image of the correct pose they are attempting to the camera using a second phone or tablet (or by adding the image in during video editing). The contrast between correct poses by professionals and incorrect poses by amateurs adds to the humor. YouTuber Alfie Deyes posted a video titled ''The Yoga Challenge!'' in June 2014 which may have set off the trend. Deyes' video may have been inspired by various popular "couples stunts" and "yoga fail" videos by channels such as BFvsGF posted as early as 2012. BFvsGF themselves affirmed the trend by posting a video titled "Acro Yoga Challenge" in July 2014. The "challenge" form factor may stem from the "30-Day yoga challenge" that was a popular fitness vlogging trend on YouTube as early as the mid 2000s.


* Coffin Dance/Dancing Pallbearers – A group of Ghana pallbearers that respectfully dance during funeral processions had been covered by the BBC in 2017 and gained some initial Internet popularity. In the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, a popular TikTok video mashed the BBC footage with the EDM song "Astronomia" from Russian artist Tony Igy, creating a meme that appeared to spread as a morbidly humorous reminder about the dangers of COVID-19. * "Dab" – A dance move where a person drops their head into a bent, slanted arm, with the other arm out straight and parallel. * "Dancing Banana" – A banana dancing to the song "Peanut Butter Jelly Time" by the Buckwheat Boyz. * Hampster Dance – A page filled with hamsters dancing, linking to other animated pages. It spawned a fictional band complete with its own CD album release. * Harlem Shake – A video based on Harlem shake dance, originally created by YouTube personality Filthy Frank and using an electronica version of the song by Baauer. In such videos, one person is dancing or acting strange among a room full of others going about routine business. After the drop in the song and a video cut, everyone starts dancing or acting strangely. The attempts to recreate the dance led to a viral spread on YouTube. *"Hit the Quan" – A viral dance challenge to the song "Hit the Quan" by American rapper iLoveMemphis. Rich Homie Quan originally performed this dance in his music video for his song "Flex (Ooh, Ooh, Ooh)". iLoveMemphis produced the "Hit The Quan" based around Rich Homie Quan's dance. iLoveMemphis' song launched the "Hit the Quan" viral dance challenge because of its convenient lyrics to dance to. "Hit the Quan" reached as high as 20 on the ''Billboard'' Hot 100 chart because of the popularity of the dance. The dance challenge was very popular on social media platforms, especially Vine, which looped 6 second long videos. Dance challenges and social media provides the whole community with something that everybody can be a part of if they so choose. Many celebraties participated in the popular dance challenge. * "Indian Thriller" – A viral scene from the Indian film Donga with added subtitles phonetically approximating the original lyrics as English sentences. * JK Wedding Entrance Dance – The wedding procession for Jill Peterson and Kevin Heinz of St. Paul, Minnesota, choreographed to the song "Forever" by Chris Brown. Popularized on YouTube with 1.75 million views in less than five days in 2009. The video was later imitated in an episode of ''The Office'' on NBC. *"Kiki Challenge" – A viral dance challenge to the song "In My Feelings" by Drake. This challenge was started by a comedian named Shiggy on the night that Drake released the album ''Scorpion''. Shiggy posted a video of himself on his Instagram account dancing along to part of the lyrics in what looks like in the middle of a neighborhood street.  Shiggy commented #DoTheShiggy which is another name for the dance challenge. Drake claims the success of the song was due to Shiggy's popular dance to his song. The dance challenge is often filmed with a twist of the original. The most popular twist of the dance is filmed from the passenger side of a moving vehicle through the open driver door where the would be driver is dancing moves along with the slowly moving car. This challenge received a lot of controversy due to the fact nobody was in control of the car. Performers have received fines and sometimes suffered injury. This viral dance challenge was performed by a number of professional athletes and celebrities. The dance challenge was performed by people in the U.S. and spread to the rest of the world, providing a platform for dance inclusion. * Little Superstar – A video of Thavakalai, a short Indian actor, break-dancing to MC Miker G & DJ Sven's remix of the Madonna song "Holiday", in a clip from a 1990 Tamil film ''Adhisaya Piravi'', featuring actor Rajnikanth. * Running Man Challenge – A dance move where participants in a way resembling running to the 1996 R&B song "My Boo" by Ghost Town DJ's. First posted to Vine by two teenagers from New Jersey, the dance went viral in 2016 after two University of Maryland basketball players posted their rendition. * T-pose – A surrealist "dance move" that became popular in April 2018 modeled after the default pose (also known as a bind pose) that many 3D models in games, animations, and more take in their raw file form. Originally popularized by a YouTube video titled "Y'all mind if I hit that T-pose?" uploaded on 15 June 2017 by YouTuber Spacemace. * Techno Viking – A muscular Nordic raver dancing in a technoparade in Berlin. * "Thriller" by the CPDRC Dancing Inmates – A recreation of Michael Jackson's hit performed by prisoners at the Cebu Provincial Detention and Rehabilitation Center (CPDRC) in the Philippines. In January 2010, it was among the ten most popular videos on YouTube with over 20 million hits. * Triangle Dance Challenge – Three individuals place hands on each other's shoulders and jump to a different point on an invisible triangle. This gained popularity in 2019.


* Bill Gates Email Beta Test – An email chain-letter that first appeared in 1997 and still circulates. The message claims that America Online and Microsoft are conducting a beta test and for each person you forward the email to, you will receive a payment from Bill Gates of more than $200. Realistic contact information for a lawyer appears in the message.Crabb, Don. "Bill Gates: An Urban Legend in His Own Time." ''Chicago Sun-Times'' 15 February 1998 * Craig Shergold – a British former cancer patient who is most famous for receiving an estimated 350 million greeting cards, earning him a place in the ''Guinness Book of World Records'' in 1991 and 1992. Variations of the plea for greeting cards sent out on his behalf in 1989 are still being distributed through the Internet, making the plea one of the most persistent urban legends. * Goodtimes virus – An infamous, fraudulent virus warning that first appeared in 1994. The email claimed that an email virus with the subject line "Good Times" was spreading, which would "send your CPU into a nth-complexity infinite binary loop", among other dire predictions. * Lighthouse and naval vessel urban legend – Purportedly an actual transcript of an increasingly heated radio conversation between a U.S. Navy ship and a Canadian who insists the naval vessel change a collision course, ending in the punchline. This urban legend first appeared on the Internet in its commonly quoted format in 1995, although versions of the story predate it by several decades. It continues to circulate; the Military Officers Association of America reported in 2011 that it is forwarded to them an average of three times a day. The Navy has a page specifically devoted to pointing out that many of the ships named weren't even in service at the time. * MAKE.MONEY.FAST – One of the first spam messages that was spread primarily through Usenet, or even earlier BBS systems, in the late 1980s or early 1990s. The original email is attributed to an individual who used the name "Dave Rhodes", who may or may not have existed. The message is a classic pyramid scheme – you receive an email with a list of names and are asked to send $5 by postal mail to the person whose name is at the top of the list, add your own name to the bottom, and forward the updated list to a number of other people. * Neiman Marcus Cookie recipe – An email chain-letter dating back to the early 1990s, but originating as Xeroxlore, in which a person tells a story about being ripped off for over $200 for a cookie recipe from Neiman Marcus. The email claims the person is attempting to exact revenge by passing the recipe out for free. * Nigerian Scam/419 scam – A mail scam attempt popularized by the ability to send millions of emails. The scam claims the sender is a high-ranking official of Nigeria with knowledge of a large sum of money or equivalent goods that they cannot claim but must divest themselves of it; to do so, they claim to require a smaller sum of money up front to access the sum to send to the receiver. The nature of the scam has mutated to be from any number of countries, high-ranking persons, barristers, or relationships to said people.

Film and television

* ''The Babadook'' (2014) – An Australian-Canadian psychological horror film that started trending on Twitter in June 2017 when the title character became an unofficial mascot for the LGBT community. Prior of that, rumors of the Babadook's sexuality began in October 2016 when some Netflix users reported seeing the film categorized as an LGBT movie on Netflix. * ''Bee Movie'' (2007) – Sped-up or slowed-down clips of the film have become popular on YouTube. One upload by "Avoid at All Costs" exceeded 12 million views as of December 2016. The video and videos like it were taken down by YouTube in June 2017. From September 2013 onwards, a few Internet users posted the entirety of the ''Bee Movie'' script on sites like Tumblr and Facebook. * ''The Blair Witch Project'' (1999) – The film's producers used Internet marketing to create the impression that the documentary-style horror film featured real, as opposed to fictional events. * ''Cloverfield'' (2008) – Paramount Pictures used a viral marketing campaign to promote this monster movie. * ''Downfall'' (2004) – A film depicting Adolf Hitler (portrayed in this film by Swiss actor Bruno Ganz) during his final days of his life. Multiple scenes in which Hitler rants in German have been parodied innumerable times on the Internet, including when Hitler finds out that Felix Steiner has failed to carry out his orders and when Hitler finds out ''SS-Gruppenführer'' Hermann Fegelein has gone AWOL. This scene often has its English subtitles replaced by mock subtitles to give the appearance that Hitler is ranting about modern, often trivial topics, and sometimes even breaks the fourth wall by referencing the Internet meme itself. While the clips are frequently removed for copyright violations, the film's director, Oliver Hirschbiegel, has stated that he enjoys them, and claimed to have seen about 145 of them. * Figwit (abbreviated from "Frodo is great...who is that?") – a background elf character with only seconds of screen time and one line of dialog from ''The Lord of the Rings'' film trilogy played by Flight of the Conchords member Bret McKenzie, which became a fascination with a large number of fans. This ultimately led to McKenzie being brought back to play an elf in ''The Hobbit''. * ''LazyTown'' (2004) – a children's television program originating from Iceland, which became very popular after one of the primary actors Stefán Karl Stefánsson was diagnosed with cancer and set up a GoFundMe page to support him. The song We are Number One became a meme in October 2016, and many videos were created. It became one of the fastest growing memes in history, with 250 videos uploaded in 5 days. * ''Marble Hornets'' is a documentary-style horror, suspense short film series based on alternate reality experiences of the Slenderman tale. Marble Hornets was instrumental in codifying parts of the Slender Man mythos, but is not part of the intercontinuity crossover that includes many of the blogs and vlogs that followed it, although MH does feature in other canons as either a chronicle of real events or a fictional series. * ''Mega Shark Versus Giant Octopus'' (2009) – The theatrical trailer released in mid-May 2009 became a viral hit, scoring over one million hits on MTV.com and another 300,000 hits on YouTube upon launch, prompting brisk pre-orders of the DVD. * ''My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic'' – Hasbro's 2010 animated series to revive its toy line was discovered by members of 4chan and subsequently spawned a large adult, mostly male fanbase calling themselves "bronies" and creating numerous Internet memes and mashups based on elements from the show. * Re-cut trailer – User-made trailers for established films, using scenes, voice-overs, and music, to alter the appearance of the film's true genre or meaning or to create a new, apparently seamless, film. Examples include casting the thriller-drama ''The Shining'' into a romantic comedy, or using footage from the respective films to create ''Robocop vs. Terminator''. * ''The Room'' (2003) – Written, produced, directed, and starring Tommy Wiseau, the low budget independent film is considered one of the worst films ever made, but through social media and interest from comedians, gained a large number of ironic fans while further becoming a popular source for memes based on some of the poorly delivered lines in the movie, such as "You're tearing me apart, Lisa!" (a shoehorned reference to an iconic James Dean line in ''Rebel Without a Cause'') and "Oh Hi, Mark" * ''Sharknado'' (2013) – A made-for-television film produced by The Asylum and aired on the SyFy network as a mockbuster of other disaster films, centered on the appearance of a tornado filled with sharks in downtown Los Angeles. Though similar to other films from the Asylum, the combination of elements within the film, such as low-budget specific effects and choice of actors, led to the film becoming a social media hit and leading to at least four additional sequels. * ''Shrek'' – A DreamWorks franchise that had an internet fandom who ironically liked the series. The viral video, "Shrek is Love, Shrek is Life", was based on a homoerotic story on 4chan depicting the titular ogre engaging in anal sex with a (presumably young) boy. * ''Snakes on a Plane'' (2006) – Attracted attention a year before its planned release, and before any promotional material was released, due to the film's working title, its seemingly absurd premise, and the piquing of actor Samuel L. Jackson's interest to work on the film. Producers of the film responded to the Internet buzz by adding several scenes and dialogue imagined by the fans. * ''SpongeBob SquarePants'' – A 1999 Nickelodeon animated television series that has spawned various Internet memes. These memes include "Surprised Patrick", "Mr. Krabs Blur", "Caveman SpongeBob", "Handsome Squidward", and '"Mocking SpongeBob". In 2019, Nickelodeon officially released merchandise based on the memes. * ''Star War: The Third Gathers: The Backstroke of the West'' – Around the time the film came out, a bootleg recording circulated on the internet via peer-to-peer sharing websites, which quickly became notorious for its notable use of Engrish, like the translation of Darth Vader's line "Nooo!" rendered as "Do not want". About a decade after the release of the bootleg, a fandub matching its subtitles was posted on YouTube. * Steamed Hams – A clip from the season seven episode of ''The Simpsons'', 22 Short Films About Springfield, gained popularity with many remixes and edits to the Skinner and The Superintendent segment. * ''Take This Lollipop'' (2011) is an interactive horror short film and Facebook app, written and directed by Jason Zada to personalize and underscore the dangers inherent in posting too much personal information about oneself on the Internet. Information gathered from a viewer's Facebook profile by the film's app, used once and then deleted, makes the film different for each viewer. * ''The Three Bears'' (1939) is an animated short film made by Terrytoons based on the story Goldilocks and the Three Bears. One of the scenes from the short depicting Papa Bear saying "Somebody toucha my spaghet!" in a stereotypical thick Italian accent became an internet meme in December 2017.


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The game reached internet fame in 2020 due to the release of The Henry Stickmin Collection by the same developer, and by Twitch streamers streaming the game frequently. Stills from the game, saying things like "Emergency Meeting" and "Dead body reported" have been on many modern memes. Frequent things that happen in the game, like the Imposter lying about who to kick out, or people trying to sabotage their crewmates, have also gotten popular in modern memes. * Bowsette – A fan-made depiction of the ''Super Mario'' character Bowser using Toadette's Super Crown power-up from the Nintendo Switch title ''New Super Mario Bros. U Deluxe'' to transform into a lookalike of Princess Peach. The character became popular following a four-panel webcomic posted by a user on Twitter and DeviantArt in September 2018. * But can it run Crysis? – A question often asked by PC gaming and hardware enthusiasts. When released in 2007, Crysis was extremely taxing on computer hardware, with even the most advanced consumer graphics cards of the time unable to provide satisfactory frame rates when the game was played on its maximum graphical settings. As a result, this question is asked as a way of judging a certain computer's capability at gaming. * Can it run Doom? – A common joke question with any hardware that has a CPU. It has even gotten to the point where people are developing source ports of the game to unconventional hardware such as a Canon printer, the Commodore VIC-20, the Touch Bar on the 2016 MacBook Pro, a smart fridge, an ATM, and the game itself among other things. *Doomguy and Isabelle – The pairing of Isabelle from the ''Animal Crossing'' video game series and Doomguy from the ''Doom'' franchise due to the shared release date of ''Animal Crossing: New Horizons'' and ''Doom Eternal''. * ''Flappy Bird'' – a free-to-play casual mobile game released on the iOS App Store on 24 May 2013, and on Google Play on 30 January 2014, by indie mobile app developer Dong Nguyen. The game began rapidly rising in popularity in late-December 2013 to January 2014 with up to 50 million downloads by 5 February. On 9 February, Nguyen removed the game from the mobile app stores citing negative effects of the game's success on his health and its addictiveness to players. Following the game's removal from the app stores, numerous clones and derivatives of the game were released with varying similarities to the original game. * ''I Love Bees'' – An alternate reality game that was spread virally after a one-second mention inside a Halo 2 advertisement. Purported to be a website about Honey Bees that was infected and damaged by a strange Artificial Intelligence, done in a disjointed, chaotic style resembling a crashing computer. At its height, over 500,000 people were checking the website every time it updated. * "I Took An Arrow in the Knee" – City guards in ''The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim'' repeat the line: "I used to be an adventurer like you, then I took an arrow in the knee". The latter part of this phrase quickly took off as a catchphrase and a snowclone in the form of "I used to X, but then I took an arrow in the knee" with numerous image macros and video parodies created. It was mentioned in an episode of ''NCIS''. * Lamar Roasts Franklin/Yee-Yee Ass Haircut – A cutscene in the 2013 action-adventure video game ''Grand Theft Auto V'' where Lamar Davis, portrayed by comedian Slink Johnson, berates Franklin Clinton, portrayed by actor and former rapper Shawn Fonteno, for Franklin's haircut, ending in Lamar uttering the word "nigga" in a condescending, sing-song voice and giving Franklin the finger, much to the latter's chagrin. The cutscene experienced a resurgence in popularity in late 2020 when parodies of the scene were uploaded on YouTube and other video hosting sites, usually involving Lamar's character model being replaced with various popular culture icons such as Darth Vader, Vegeta and Snow White among others. In 2021 Fonteno and Johnson reprised their roles as Franklin and Lamar respectively in a live-action re-enactment of the cutscene. * Leeroy Jenkins – A ''World of Warcraft'' player charges into a high-level dungeon with a distinctive cry of "Leeeeeeeerooooy... Jeeenkins!", ruining the meticulous attack plans of his group and getting them all killed. * Let's Play – Videos created by video game players that add their commentary and typically humorous reactions atop them playing through a video game. These videos have created a number of Internet celebrities who have made significant money through ad revenue sharing, such as PewDiePie who earned over $12 million from his videos in 2015. * ''Line Rider'' – A Flash game where the player draws lines that act as ramps and hills for a small rider on a sled. *''Mafia City'' – A mobile game that has become infamous for its odd advertising involving a person drastically increasing their stats for doing various mob-related activities, and for the phrase "That's how mafia works". *''Portal'' – The games in the ''Portal'' series introduced several Internet memes, including the phrase "the cake is a lie", and the space-obsessed "Space Core" character. * Press to Pay Respects – A prompt for the player to press a button on the PC version of ''Call of Duty: Advanced Warfare'', where the player character would approach the coffin of a fallen comrade in response. The mechanic is repeatedly criticized and ridiculed for both being arbitrary and unnecessary, as well as being inappropriate to the tone of the funeral the game otherwise intends to convey. The phrase has since become an Internet meme in its own right, sometimes used unironically: during the tribute stream for the Jacksonville Landing shooting, viewers posted a single letter "F" in the chat. * ''QWOP'' – A browser-based game requiring the player to control a sprint runner by using the Q, W, O, and P keys to control the runner's limbs. The game is notoriously difficult to control, typically leaving the runner character flailing about. The concept developed into memes based on the game, as well as describing real-life mishaps as attributable to ''QWOP''. * Six Degrees of Kevin Bacon – A trivia/parlor game based around linking an actor to Kevin Bacon through a chain of co-starring actors in films, television, and other productions, with the hypothesis that no actor was more than six connections away from Bacon, similar to the theory of six degrees of separation or the Erdős number in mathematics. The game was created in 1994, just at the start of the wider spread of Internet use, populated further with the creation of movie database sites like IMDb, and since has become a board game and contributed towards the field of network science. * ''Sonic the Hedgehog'' – A video game series created by Sega that has spawned multiple memes, such as Sanic, a purposely misdrawn Sonic that has been referenced by Sega themselves, and used in merchandise; "Sonic says '__________'", a "shitpost meme" where Sonic (or any other character) says something Sega wouldn't have him say (e.g. "Sonic Says 'If your profile picture is from an anime, your opinion is invalid.'"); and "Ugandan Knuckles," a meme that gained high popularity thanks to the social game ''VRChat'', where players with a crude Knuckles model asked other players if they "knew da wae" ("know the way"), who their "queen" was, clicking their tongue, and spitting repeatedly. * ''Surgeon Simulator 2013'' – An absurd, unrealistic surgical simulation game with game play consisting of the player attempting to perform various surgical procedures, either in an operating room or an ambulance, using difficult controls similar to those of the game ''QWOP''. Initially created by Bossa Studios in a 48-hour period for the 2013 Global Game Jam and released in January 2013, the game was further developed and later released as a full version via Steam in April 2013. * Surprised Pikachu – An image of the Pokémon Pikachu with a blank look and an open mouth. It is used as a reaction image to show either shock or lack therof. * Twitch Plays ''Pokémon'' – An "experiment" and channel created by an anonymous user on the Twitch live streaming video site in February 2014. Logged-in viewers to the channel can enter commands corresponding to the physical inputs used in the JRPG video game ''Pokémon Red'' into the chat window, which are collected and parsed by a chat software robot that uses the commands to control the main character in the game, which is then live-streamed from the channel. The stream attracted more than 80,000 simultaneous players with over 10 million views with a week of going live, creating a chaotic series of movements and actions within the game and a number of original memes and derivative fan art. The combination has been called an entertainment hybrid of "a video game, live video and a participatory experience," which has inspired similar versions for other games. * U R MR GAY – a message allegedly hidden in the ''Super Mario Galaxy'' box art, which appears when each letter not decorated with a star is removed from the art. It was first noticed by a NeoGAF poster in September 2007. Video game journalists have debated as to whether the message was placed on purpose or was simply a humorous coincidence. * ''Untitled Goose Game'' – A 2019 video game developed by Australian game studio House House, in which the player controls a goose causing mischief in an English village. An early teaser for the game in 2017 led to strong interest in the title, and on release, the game quickly became an Internet meme.


* Baby mugging and Baby suiting: ''MommyShorts'' blogger Ilana Wiles began posting pictures of babies in mugs, and later adult business suits, both of which led to numerous others doing the same. * Baby Yoda: The popularity of the TV series ''The Mandalorian'' led to many memes of the "Baby Yoda" character. * Babylonokia is a clay tablet shaped like a mobile phone. Fringe scientists and alternative archaeology proponents subsequently misrepresented a photograph of the artwork as showing an 800-year-old archaeological find; that story was popularised in a video on the YouTube channel ''Paranormal Crucible'' and led to the object being reported by some press sources as a mystery. * Bert is Evil: A satirical website stated that Bert of ''Sesame Street'' is the root of many evils. A juxtaposition of Bert and Osama Bin Laden subsequently appeared in a real poster in a Bangladesh protest. * Blue waffle: An Internet hoax originating in 2010 purporting an unknown sexually transmitted disease affecting only women, causing severe infection and blue discoloration to the vagina. The disease has been confirmed as false. Kathy McBride, a New Jersey councilwoman, cited it in a city council meeting, not realizing that it was a hoax. * #BreakTheInternet: The November 2014 issue of ''Paper'' included a cover image of Kim Kardashian in a partially nude pose, exposing her buttocks, taken by photographer Jean-Paul Goude, with the caption "#breaktheinternet", as the magazine desired to set a record in social media response from it. Several other photos from the shoot were also released, including one that mimicked one that Goude took for his book ''Jungle Fever'' involving a "campaign incident". ''Paper''s campaign set a record for hits for their site, and the photographs became part of Internet memes. * Brian Peppers: In 2005, a photo surfaced of a man named Brian Peppers, noted for his appearance, which suggests Apert syndrome or Crouzon syndrome. Found on the Ohio sex offender registry website, the photo gained traction after being shared on website YTMND. Peppers died in 2012 at the age of 43. * Crasher Squirrel: A photograph by Melissa Brandts of a squirrel which popped up into a timer-delayed shot of Brandts and her husband while vacationing in Banff National Park, Canada, just as the camera went off. The image of the squirrel has since been added into numerous images on the Internet. * Cursed images: Images (usually photographs) that are perceived as odd or disturbing due to their content, poor quality or both. * Dat Boi: An animated GIF of a unicycling frog associated with the text "here come dat boi!" that began on Tumblr in 2015 before gaining popularity on Twitter in 2016. * Distracted boyfriend meme: A stock photograph taken in 2015 which went viral as an Internet meme in August 2017. * Dog shaming: Originating on Tumblr, these images feature images of dogs photographed with signs explaining what antics they recently got up to. * Doge: Images of dogs, typically of the Shiba Inus, overlaid with simple but poor grammatical expressions, typically in the Comic Sans MS font, gaining popularity in late 2013. The meme saw an ironic resurgence towards the end of the decade, and was recognised by multiple media outlets as one of the most influential memes of the 2010s. The meme has also spawned Dogecoin, a form of cryptocurrency. * The Dress: An image of a dress posted to Tumblr that, due to how the photograph was taken, created an optical illusion where the dress would either appear white and gold, or blue and black. Within 48 hours, the post gained over 400,000 notes and was later featured on many different websites. * ''Ecce Homo / Ecce Mono / Potato Jesus'': An attempt in August 2012 by a local woman to restore Elías García Martínez's aging fresco of Jesus in Borja, Spain led to a botched, amateurish, monkey-looking image, leading to several image-based memes. * Every time you masturbate... God kills a kitten: An image featuring a kitten being chased by two Domos, and has the tagline "Please, think of the kittens". * Goatse.cx: A shock image of a distended anus. * Grumpy Cat: A cat named Tardar Sauce that appears to have a permanent scowl on her face due to feline dwarfism, according to its owner. Pictures of the cat circulated the Internet, leading it to win the 2013 Webby for Meme of the Year, and her popularity has led her to star in a feature film. Tardar Sauce died on 14 May 2019. * Hide the Pain Harold: A Hungarian electrical engineer named András Arató became a meme after posing for stock photos on the websites iWiW and Dreamstime. He initially wasn't very satisfied with his popularity, but has grown to accept it. He realized he did similar things when he was younger such as drawing on Hungarian poet John Arany's portraits, making him look like a pirate. The meme depicts photos of Arató smiling, while viewers believe the smile masks serious sorrow and pain, hence the name "Hide the Pain Harold". * Islamic Rage Boy: A series of photos of Shakeel Bhat, a Muslim activist whose face became a personification of angry Islamism in the western media. The first photo dates back to his appearance in 2007 at a rally in Srinigar, the capital of Indian-administered Kashmir. Several other photos in other media outlets followed, and by November 2007, there were over one million hits for "Islamic Rage Boy" on Google and his face appeared on boxer shorts and bumper stickers. * Keep Calm and Carry On: A phrasal template or snowclone that was originally a motivational poster produced by the UK government in 1939 intended to raise public morale. It was rediscovered in 2000, became increasingly used during the 2009 global recession, and has spawned various parodies and imitations. * Little Fatty: Starting in 2003, the face of Qian Zhijun, a student from Shanghai, was superimposed onto various other images. * Lolcat: A collection of humorous image macros featuring cats with misspelled phrases, such as "I Can Has Cheezburger?". The earliest versions of LOLcats appeared on 4chan, usually on Saturdays, which were designated "Caturday", as a day to post photos of cats. * Manul: A Russian meme that was introduced in 2008. It is typically an image macro with a picture of an unfriendly and stern-looking Pallas's cat (also known as a manul) accompanied by a caption in which the cat invites you to pet it. * McKayla is not impressed: A Tumblr blog that went viral after taking an image of McKayla Maroney, the American gymnast who won the silver medal in the vault at the 2012 Summer Olympics, on the medal podium with a disappointed look on her face, and photoshopping it into various "impressive" places and situations, e.g. on top of the Great Wall of China and standing next to Usain Bolt. * Nimoy Sunset Pie: A Tumblr blog that posted mashups combining American actor Leonard Nimoy, sunsets, and pie. * O RLY?: Originally a text phrase on Something Awful, and then an image macro done for 4chan. Based around a picture of a snowy owl. * Oolong: Photos featured on a popular Japanese website of a rabbit that is famous for its ability to balance a variety of objects on its head. * Pepe the Frog: A cartoon frog character from a 2005 web cartoon became widely used on 4chan in 2008, often with the phrase "feels good man". In 2015, the New Zealand government accepted proposals for a new national flag and a flag with Pepe, known as "Te Pepe", was submitted. * Seriously McDonalds: A photograph apparently showing racist policies introduced by McDonald's. The photograph, which is a hoax, went viral, especially on Twitter, in June 2011. * Stonks: An image featuring a computer generated character in a suit against an image of the stock market, used to highlight or satirize absurd topics related to finance or the economy. * Success Kid: An image of a baby who is clenching his fist while featuring a determined look on his face. * Trash Doves: A sticker set of a purple bird for iOS, Facebook messenger, Facebook comments, and other messaging apps created by Syd Weiler. The animated headbanging pigeon from the sticker set started to go viral in Thailand and it became globally viral on social media. * Tron Guy: Jay Maynard, a computer consultant, designed a ''Tron'' costume, complete with skin-tight spandex and light-up plastic armor, in 2003 for Penguicon 1.0 in Detroit, Michigan. The Internet phenomenon began when an article was posted to Slashdot, followed by Fark, including images of this costume. * Vancouver Riot Kiss: An image of a young couple lying on the ground kissing each other behind a group of rioters during the riots following the Vancouver Canucks' Stanley Cup loss to the Boston Bruins on 15 June 2011. The couple, later identified as Australian Scott Jones and local resident Alexandra Thomas, actually were not kissing but Jones was consoling Thomas after being knocked down by a police charge. * Woman yelling at a cat: Also known as the Cat Meme, it consists of a screenshot of the members of the television show ''The Real Housewives of Beverly Hills'' Taylor Armstrong and Kyle Richards (showing Armstrong shouting and pointing with the finger), followed by a photo of a confused cat (identified as Smudge) sitting behind a table with food. The meme emerged in mid-2019, when Twitter users joined the photos and included texts that looked like a mockery of the cat to the angry woman. * Wood Sitting on a Bed: An image of a nude man sitting on a bed that gained notoriety at the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic. * "You are not immune to propaganda.": A glitch art representation of Garfield, with the caption "You are not immune to propaganda" surrounding it.



* Salt Bae – Turkish chef and restaurateur Nusret Gökçe earned fame in 2017 for his camera-friendly approach to preparing and seasoning meat, including a video in 2017 which he sprinkles salt, sparkling in the sunlight, onto a steak. Gökçe's approach has been compared to dinner theater, in that his actual finished product is secondary to the performance.


* Arrest of Vladimir Putin – A viral video showing mock arrest of Vladimir Putin and his trial. * ''Barack Obama vs. Mitt Romney'' – A fictitious rap battle between 2012 election candidates Barack Obama and Mitt Romney. As of October 2020, the video has over 150 million views. * Bernie or Hillary? – a political poster that pits American politicians Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders as opponents. * Joe Biden – There are numerous iterations of former Vice President of the United States Joe Biden as a meme. The portrayal of Biden in ''The Onion'' was popular on the Internet and influenced other memes about him, as well as his broader public image. After Donald Trump won the 2016 U.S. presidential election, images of Biden as the "Biden Bro" or "Prankster Joe Biden" began circulating online. In these memes, Biden was paired with Barack Obama and captioned with various fictional conversations planning pranks and jokes on the president-elect. Biden is portrayed as the immature prankster of the duo, with Obama as his exasperated straight man. * Bush shoeing incident – During a press conference in 2008, Muntadhar al-Zaidi threw both of his shoes at then-president George W. Bush. Afterwards, various flash based browser games and gifs were created to poke fun of the incident. * Crush on Obama – A music video by Amber Lee Ettinger that circulated during the 2008 US presidential election. As well as its sequels, the video caught the attention of bloggers, mainstream media, and other candidates, and achieved 12.5 million views on YouTube by 1 January 2009. * Dean scream – Former Governor of Vermont Howard Dean's concession speech following the 2004 New Hampshire Democratic primaries included Dean rattling off a list of states in escalating volume as crowd noise rose, resulting an increasingly distorted audio and culminating in an unusual "yeehaw" sort of punctuating scream. It was one of the first political Internet memes. * Delete your account – A phrase used on Twitter to criticize the opinions of opponents. On 9 June 2016, Hillary Clinton tweeted this phrase towards Donald Trump. Afterwards, the tweet has become her most retweeted tweet of all time. * Don't Tase Me, Bro! – An incident at a campus talk by Senator John Kerry where a student yelled his now-infamous phrase while being restrained by police. * Eastwooding – After Clint Eastwood's speech at the 2012 Republican National Convention, in which he spoke to an empty chair representing President Barack Obama, photos were posted by users on the Internet of people talking to empty chairs, with various captions referring to the chair as either Obama or Eastwood. *Epstein didn't kill himself, a bait-and-switch joke originating on the app iFunny in October 2019, two months after his death in August. Many memes alleged involvement of Donald Trump, Hillary Clinton, or other notable figures. The meme saw mainstream popularity in late 2019, being unexpectedly snuck into cable news interviews by guests such as on FOX News and MSNBC. * Forest raking—After U.S. President's Donald Trump's comments that Finland spent "a lot of time on raking and cleaning its forest floor", Finnish people began circulating satirical images of themselves raking the forests to stop wildfires. * Jesusland map – A map created shortly after the 2004 U.S. presidential election that satirizes the red/blue states scheme by dividing the United States and Canada into "The United States of Canada" and "Jesusland". * Kekistan – a fictional country created by 4chan members that has become a political meme and online movement used notably by the alt-right. * Miss Me Yet? – inspired a series of themed merchandise from online agencies such as CafePress. * Series of tubes – A phrase coined originally as an analogy by then-United States Senator Ted Stevens to describe the Internet in the context of opposing network neutrality. His statement was later remixed on YouTube and YTMND. * Strong – A political advertisement issued by Texas Governor Rick Perry presidential campaign in December 2011 for the 2012 Republican Party presidential primaries. On the Internet, the video was parodied and became one of the most disliked videos on YouTube. * Ted Cruz–Zodiac meme – a mock conspiracy theory suggesting that American Senator and Presidential candidate Ted Cruz was the Zodiac Killer, an unidentified Californian serial killer of the late 1960s and early 1970s. * Thanks Obama – A sarcastic expression used by critics of President Barack Obama to blame personal troubles and inconveniences on public policies supported or enacted by the administration. * ''This Land'' – Flash animation produced by JibJab featuring cartoon faces of George W. Bush and John Kerry singing a parody of "This Land is Your Land" that spoofs the 2004 United States presidential election. The video became a viral hit and viewed by over 100 million, leading to the production of other JibJab hits, including ''Good to be in D.C.'' and ''Big Box Mart''.


Other phenomena

* 009 Sound System * "And I oop" – a video of drag queen Jasmine Masters stopping a story to say the phrase "and I oop" after accidentally hitting himself in the testes. * April the Giraffe – a reticulated giraffe who had two of her live births streamed on the Internet to much fanfare. * ''Ben Drowned'' – A self-published three-part multimedia ARG web serial and web series inspired by creepypasta and ''The Legend of Zelda: Majora's Mask'', created by Alexander D. Hall. * Brad's Wife – On 27 February 2017, Brad Byrd of Harrison County, Illinois, posted on Cracker Barrel's Facebook page, asking them why they fired his wife, Nanette, after 11 years of service. The intense and serious nature of the post drew viral attention, and internet users began semi-sarcastically demanding answers, using hashtags such as #BradsWife and #JusticeForBradsWife. This meme was notable for being popular with baby boomers as well as younger internet users. After the post was about a week old, several corporations jumped on the viral bandwagon and began to publicly send job offers to Nanette Byrd. * Cats on the Internet – images of cats are very popular on the Internet, and have seen extensive use in Internet memes, as well as some cats becoming Internet celebrities. * Chuck Norris factssatirical factoids about martial artist and actor Chuck Norris that became popular culture after spreading through the Internet. * Creepypastaurban legends or scary stories circulating on the Internet, many times revolving around specific videos, pictures or video games. The term "creepypasta" is a mutation of the term "copypasta": a short, readily available piece of text that is easily copied and pasted into a text field. "Copypasta" is derived from "copy/paste", and in its original sense commonly referred to presumably initially sincere text (e.g. a blog or forum post) perceived by the copy/paster as undesirable or otherwise preposterous, which was then copied and pasted to other sites as a form of trolling. In the pre-Internet era, such material regularly circulated as faxlore. * DashCon Ball Pit – A convention held in July 2014 by users of Tumblr that "imploded" due to a number of financial difficulties and low turnout. During the convention, a portable ball pit was brought into a large empty room, and for some premium panels that were cancelled, the attendees were offered an extra hour in the ball pit as compensation. The implosion and absurdity of aspects like the ball pit quickly spread through social media. * Dicks out for Harambe – A slogan that was popularized months after the death of Harambe the Gorilla, which ironically told individuals to expose their penises in public in honor of the gorilla. The line was notably uttered by actor Danny Trejo. * ''Dumb Ways to Die'' – A 2012 Metro Trains Melbourne safety campaign that became popular on the Internet in November 2012. * Florida Man – Crimes involving bizarre behavior, perpetrated by men from the state of Florida. * Freecycling – The exchange of unwanted goods via the Internet. *Gabe the Dog – Gabe was a miniature American Eskimo dog owned by YouTube user gravycp. In January 2013, gravycp uploaded a short video of Gabe barking. The footage itself never went viral though it was used in dozens of song remixes, some of which accrued up to half a million views. * Have You Seen This Man? - A viral website that emerged on the Internet in the late 2000's, claiming to gather data about a mysterious figure only known as ''This Man'' that appears in dreams of people who never saw him before. * Horse ebooks / Pronunciation Book – A five-year-long viral marketing alternate reality game for a larger art project developed by Synydyne. "Horse_ebooks" was a Twitter account that seemed to promote e-books, while "Pronunciation Book" was a YouTube channel that provided ways to pronounce English words. Both accounts engaged in non-sequiturs, making some believe that the accounts were run by automated services. Pronunciation Book shifted to pronouncing numerals in a countdown fashion in mid-2013, concluding in late September 2013 revealing the connection to Horse_ebook and identity of Synydyne behind the accounts, and the introduction of their next art project. * Unregistered HyperCam 2 * I am lonely will anyone speak to me – A thread created on MovieCodec.com's forums, which has been described as the "Web's Top Hangout for Lonely Folk" by ''Wired'' magazine. * Ligma – A fictitious disease first attributed with the false death of Twitch streamer Ninja. It is said to be transmitted whenever someone asks what the disease is, with the answer being "ligma balls" ("lick my balls"), ligma nuts ("lick my nuts"), or something of that nature. * Netflix and chill – An English language slang term using an invitation to watch Netflix together as a euphemism for sex, either between partners or casually as a booty call. The phrase has been popularized through the Internet. * One red paperclip – The story of a Canadian blogger who bartered his way from a red paperclip to a house in a year's time. * SCP Foundation is a creative writing website that contains thousands of fictitious containment procedures for paranormal objects captured by the in-universe SCP Foundation, a secret organization tasked with securing and documenting objects that violate natural law. The website has inspired numerous spin-off works, including a stage play and video games such as ''SCP – Containment Breach''."Welcome to the Ethics Committee"
, at Belfield FM/UCD Student Radio; by Una Power; published 8 October 2014; retrieved 15 April 2015
* Steak and Blowjob Day, a meme suggesting that a complementary holiday to Valentine's Day, primarily for men, takes place on 14 March each year. *Storm Area 51 – A joke event created on Facebook to "storm" the highly classified Area 51 military base, with over 1,700,000 people claiming to be attending and another 1,300,000 claiming they were "interested" in going. (1,500 people arrived in the vicinity of Area 51 the day of the event, only one of whom actually breached the boundary and was quickly escorted off the premises.) * Slender Man or Slenderman is a creepypasta meme and urban-legend fakelore tale created on 8 June 2009 by user Victor Surge on Something Awful as part of a contest to edit photographs to contain "supernatural" entities and then pass them off as legitimate on paranormal forums. The Slender Man gained prominence as a frightening malevolent entity: a tall thin man wearing a suit and lacking a face with "his" head only being blank, white, and featureless. After the initial creation, numerous stories and videos were created by fans of the character. Slender Man was later adapted into a video game in 2012 and became more widely known. There is also a film released in 2018 to negative reviews. * The Million Dollar Homepage is a website conceived in 2005 by Alex Tew, a student from Wiltshire, England, to raise money for his university education. The home page consists of a million pixels arranged in a 1000 × 1000 pixel grid; the image-based links on it were sold for $1 per pixel in 10 × 10 blocks.  * Three Wolf Moon – A t-shirt with many ironic reviews on Amazon. * Throwback Thursday The trend of posting older, nostalgic photos on Thursdays under the hashtag #ThrowbackThursday or #TBT. * The Undertaker vs. Mankind a copypasta where at the end of a comment of an irrelevant topic, the event is referenced. * Tourettes Guy - Series of videos of an alleged Tourette's Syndrome sufferer named Danny who usually wears a neckbrace and a Tony the Tiger shirt, and constantly shouts ridiculous phrases and swear words. * Vuvuzelas – The near-constant playing of the buzz-sounding vuvuzela instrument during games of the 2010 World Cup in South Africa led to numerous vuvuzela-based memes, including YouTube temporarily adding a vuvuzela effect that could be added to any video during the World Cup. * Yanny or Laurel – An audio illusion where individuals hear either the word "Yanny" or "Laurel". * YouTube Poop – Video mashups in which users deconstruct and piece together video for psychedelic or absurdist effect.

See also

* List of Internet phenomena in China * Internet meme * Know Your Meme * Index of Internet-related articles * List of YouTubers * Outline of the Internet * Usenet celebrity * Urban legend * Viral phenomenon


External links

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0xzN6FM5x_E (Flex Tape Commercial) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8ci2hj7CSHI {{DEFAULTSORT:Internet phenomena, List of Phenomena * Phenomena Category:Urban legends Hide the Pain Harold