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Liberal International (LI) is the
political international A political international is a transnational organizationTransnational organization is a term used in scholarly literature. It refers to international organizations (usually, international nongovernmental organizations) that "transcend" the idea of ...
federation for
liberal Liberal or liberalism may refer to: Politics * Liberalism by country * an adherent of a Liberal Party * Liberalism (international relations) Arts, entertainment and media * ''El Liberal'', a Spanish newspaper published 1879–1936 * ''The Lib ...

liberal
political parties. It was founded in
Oxford Oxford () is a city in England. It is the county town In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' u ...

Oxford
in 1947, and has become the pre-eminent network for liberal parties and for the strengthening of liberalism around the world. Its headquarters are at 1 Whitehall Place, London, SW1A 2HD within the
National Liberal Club The National Liberal Club (NLC) is a London gentlemen's club (traditional), private members' club, open to both men and women. It was established by William Ewart Gladstone in 1882 to provide club facilities for Liberal Party (UK), Liberal Par ...

National Liberal Club
. The
Oxford Manifesto {{Liberalism sidebar The Oxford Manifesto, drawn up in April 1947 by representatives from 19 liberal political parties at Wadham College Wadham College () is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford The University of O ...
describes the basic political principles of the Liberal International.


Aims

The Liberal International Constitution (2005) gives its purposes as The principles that unite member parties from Africa, America, Asia and Europe are respect for human rights, free and fair elections and
multi-party democracy In political science Political science is the scientific study of politics Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with making decisions In psychology, decision-making (also spelled decision making and decis ...
,
social justice Social justice is justice in terms of the distribution of wealth Wealth is the abundance of valuable financial asset A financial asset is a non-physical asset whose value is derived from a contractual claim, such as deposit (finance), ban ...
,
tolerance Tolerance or toleration is the state of tolerating, or putting up with, conditionally. Economics, business, and politics * Toleration Party, a historic political party active in Connecticut * Tolerant Systems, the former name of Veritas Software ...
,
market economy A market economy is an economic system An economic system, or economic order, is a system A system is a group of interacting Interaction is a kind of action that occurs as two or more objects have an effect upon one another. The ide ...
,
free trade Free trade is a trade policy A commercial policy (also referred to as a trade policy or international trade policy) is a government's policy governing international trade International trade is the exchange of capital, goods, and servic ...
, environmental
sustainability Sustainability is the capacity to endure in a relatively ongoing way across various domains of life. In the 21st century, it refers generally to the capacity for Earth's biosphere and human civilization to co-exist. For many, sustainability is ...

sustainability
and a strong sense of international solidarity. The aims of Liberal International are also set out in a series of seven manifestos, written between 1946 and 1997, and are furthered by a variety of bodies including a near yearly conference for liberal parties and individuals from around the world.


Bureau

The bureau of Liberal International is elected every 18 months by the delegates of the congress. The 14th president of Liberal International is Hakima el Haite of the Mouvement Populaire (Morocco), is a former Minister of Environment, UN climate champion, and climate scientist. Madam El Haite succeeded Dr Juli Minoves, formerly Andorra's foreign minister and representative to the
United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization aiming to maintain international peace and international security, security, develop friendly relations among nations, achieve international cooperation, and be a centre for harm ...

United Nations
. Former Presidents include
Hans Van Baalen Johannes Cornelis "Hans" van Baalen (17 June 1960 – 29 April 2021) was a Dutch politician of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy The People's Party for Freedom and Democracy ( nl, Volkspartij voor Vrijheid en Democratie ; VVD) i ...
MEP, John, Lord Alderdice, Dutch politician and former European Commissioner
Frits Bolkestein Frederik "Frits" Bolkestein (; born 4 April 1933) is a retired Dutch politician and businessman who served as Leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy The Leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy is the most senior ...

Frits Bolkestein
, German politician
Otto Graf Lambsdorff Otto Friedrich Wilhelm Freiherr von der Wenge Graf Lambsdorff, known as Otto Graf Lambsdorff (20 December 1926 – 5 December 2009), was a German politician of the Free Democratic Party (Germany), Free Democratic Party (FDP). Early life and e ...

Otto Graf Lambsdorff
, and Spain's first democratically elected prime minister after Francoist Spain,
Adolfo Suárez Adolfo Suárez González, 1st Duke of Suárez (; 25 September 1932 – 23 March 2014) was a Spanish lawyer and politician. Suárez was Spain's first democratically elected Prime Minister A prime minister or a premier is the head of the ca ...
. Other members of the bureau include Deputy President Prof. Karl-Heinz Paque, and Vice Presidents
Cellou Dalein Diallo Cellou Dalein Diallo (3 February 1952
, Xinhua, 14 December 2004 .
) is a
uinea Kitty Monterrey icaragua
Abir al-Sahlani Abir Al-Sahlani (born 18 May 1976 in Iraq) is a Sweden, Swedish politician and since July 2019 a member of the European Parliament, representing the Swedish Centre Party, Centre Party. She lives in Hägersten, Stockholm. Education Al-Sahlani s ...

Abir al-Sahlani
weden Kiat Sittheamorn [Thailand]; and Robert Woodthorpe Browne MBE [United Kingdom]. There are two elected treasurers, Judith Pallares MP [Andorra] and Minister Omar Youm [Senegal]. The secretary general is Gordon Mackay, a former Member of Parliament from South Africa.


Awards

Liberal International awards prizes to worthy individuals in the fields of human rights and liberalism. Prize for Freedom: The Liberal International Prize for Freedom is LI's most prestigious human rights award. Conveyed annually since 1984 to an individual of liberal conviction who has made outstanding efforts for the defence of freedom and human rights, recipients include María Corina Machado, Maria Corina Machado [Venezuela], Senator Leila de Lima [Philippines], Raif Badawi [Saudi Arabia], Waris Dirie [Somalia], and Václav Havel, Vaclav Havel [Czechoslovakia/Czech Republic]. Medal of Liberalism: The Liberal International Medal of Liberalism is awarded to individuals who have worked to advance liberal values on a local, national and international level. Recipients include President Alassane Ouattara [Côte d'Ivoire]; Prime Minister Xavier Bettel [Luxembourg]; President Tsai Ing-wen, Tsai, Ing-wen [Republic of China]; Sir Graham Watson [United Kingdom].


Publications

The ''LI Human Rights Bulletin'' is published three times per year and consists of opinion articles, video interviews and digest of the work of the LI human rights committee. ''Thematic publications'' are published online and in print on an ''ad hoc'' basis. Recent texts have offered a liberal perspective on issues ranging from freedom of belief to the responsibility to protect. ʒ


Oxford Manifesto

The
Oxford Manifesto {{Liberalism sidebar The Oxford Manifesto, drawn up in April 1947 by representatives from 19 liberal political parties at Wadham College Wadham College () is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford The University of O ...
, drawn up in April 1947 at Wadham College in
Oxford Oxford () is a city in England. It is the county town In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' u ...

Oxford
by representatives from 19 liberal political parties, led by Salvador de Madariaga, is a document describing the basic political principles of the Liberal International. The Oxford Manifesto was inspired by the ideas of William Beveridge and is regarded as one of the defining political documents of the 20 century. Fifty years on, in 1997, Liberal International returned to Oxford and issued a supplement to the original manifesto, ''The Liberal Agenda for the 21st century'', describing Liberal policies in greater detail. The second Oxford Manifesto was adopted by the 48th Congress of Liberal International, which was held on 27–30 November 1997 in the Oxford Town Hall. In 2017, the global federation marked its 70th anniversary with the adoption of the Andorra Liberal Manifesto for the twenty-first century (ALM). A three-year project across numerous continents initiated by then president Juli Minoves, the ALM embodied the widest consultation of views undertaken by Liberal International in order to compile a policy document.


Organisation


Presidents


Members


Incumbent heads of state and government

File:Prime Minister Trudeau - 2020 (cropped).jpg, Justin Trudeau
File:Mark Rutte 2015 (1) (cropped).jpg, Mark Rutte
File:Yair Lapid 2021 (cropped).jpg, Yair Lapid
File:Informal meeting of ministers responsible for development (FAC). Arrivals Alexander De Croo (36766610160) (cropped2).jpg, Alexander De Croo
File:Micheál Martin (official portrait) 2020 (cropped).jpg, Micheál Martin
File:Kaja Kallas in 2016 (cropped).jpg, Kaja Kallas
File:Tallinn Digital Summit. Handshake Xavier Bettel and Jüri Ratas (36718144533) CROP BETTEL.jpg, Xavier Bettel
File:Macky Sall 2015-12-02.jpg, Macky Sall
File:蔡英文官方元首肖像照.png, Tsai Ing-wen
File:A. Ouattara.jpg, Alassane Ouattara
File:Charles Michel (49467991288).jpg, ''Charles Michel''


Full members


Observer parties


Individual member


Cooperating organizations

Cooperating and regional organisations are groups with a recognised status in the constitution of Liberal International as bodies that share the values and objectives of LI but do not operate as a political party. Co-operating organisations have the right of representation but in no case the right to vote at statutory events.


Liberal think tanks and foundations

The International is also in a loose association with the following organisations:


See also

*Liberalism by country *Prize For Freedom *Alliance of Democrats (political international), Alliance of Democrats (defunct) *European Democratic Party


References


External links


Liberal International
official site
The Liberal Agenda for the 21st century
*Former LI Vice Presiden
Bi-khim Hsiao
{{Authority control Liberal International, International conferences International liberal organizations, Political internationals Political organisations based in London Organizations established in 1947 1947 establishments in England