A law commission, law reform commission, or law revision commission is an independent body set up by a government to conduct
Law reform or legal reform is the process of examining existing law
Law is a system
A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified whole.
A system, sur ...
; that is, to consider the state of laws in a
Jurisdiction (from Latin
Latin (, or , ) is a classical language
A classical language is a language
A language is a structured system of communication
Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share" or "to be i ...
and make recommendations or proposals for legal changes or restructuring.
The first term is prevalent in the United Kingdom, the second is prevalent in the Commonwealth, and the third one is prevalent in the United States.
The functions of a law commission body include drafting revised versions of confusing laws, preparing consolidated versions of laws, making recommendations on updating outdated laws and making recommendations on repealing obsolete or spent law
s. Law commissions often undertake projects focusing on legislation, although their mandates may be narrower or broader.
List of law commissions
Australian Law Reform Commission
The Australian Law Reform Commission (often abbreviated to ALRC) is an Australian independent statutory body established to conduct reviews into the law of Australia. The reviews, also called inquiries or references, are referred to the ALRC by t ...
Law Commission of Canada
The Law Commission of Canada was an independent law commission that gave advice to the Canadian government
The Government of Canada (french: gouvernement du Canada) is the body responsible for the federal administration of Canada
was established by the Law Commission of Canada Act
on July 1, 1997 and was eliminated in 2006. It replaced the Law Reform Commission of Canada, which was created in 1971 and was dissolved in 1993 by the Mulroney government
. On September 25, 2006, funding to the Commission was eliminated by the Harper government
**: Alberta Law Reform Institute
**: British Columbia Law Institute
, formed to replace the British Columbia Law Reform Commission
, which had been disbanded due to lack of funding
**: Manitoba Law Reform Commission
**: Law Reform Commission of Nova Scotia
**: Law Commission of Ontario
**: – Law Reform Commission of Saskatchewan
*: Fiji Law Reform Commission
*: Samoa Law Reform Commission, established under the Law Reform Commission Act 2008
*: Law of Hong Kong#Law Reform Commission (法律改革委員會), Law Reform Commission of Hong Kong, established in 1980
*: Law Commission of India
*: Bangladesh - Law Commission of Bangladesh established in 1976.
*: The Law Reform Commission (Ireland), Law Reform Commission, established under the Law Reform Commission Act 1975
*Jersey Law Commission
established by the States of Jersey in 1996
*: Nepal Law Commission established by the Nepal Law Commissions Act 2007
*: New Zealand Law Commission established by the Law Commission Act 1985
*: Nigerian Law Reform Commission
*: South African Law Reform Commission
*: Uganda Law Reform Commission, established by Article 248 of the Ugandan Constitution
**England and Wales: Law Commission (England and Wales), The Law Commission
**Scotland: the Scottish Law Commission, established by the Law Commissions Act 1965 at the same time as the Law Commission in England and Wales
**Northern Ireland, the Northern Ireland Law Commission (formerly the Law Reform Advisory Committee) was established in 2007, but has been "non-operational" since 2015.
**Other bodies concerned with law reform in the United Kingdom included the Law Revision Committee (1934 to 1939) and the Law Reform Committee (1952 - )
[Solicitors Journal, The Solicitors Journal. 1952. Volume 96. Page 285.]
*: Office of the Law Revision Counsel of the United States House of Representatives
**California: California Law Revision Commission
**New York (state), New York: New York Law Revision Commission
**New Jersey: New Jersey Law Revision Commission
*Commonwealth Association of Law Reform Agencies
External linksScottish Law CommissionLaw Commission of CanadaBritish Columbia Law InstituteLaw Reform Commission of SaskatchewanCalifornia Law Revision CommissionLaw Commission of OntarioNepal Law CommissionSouth Africa Law Reform CommissionLaw Commission of Bangladesh