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Lasithi ( el, Λασίθι) is the easternmost regional unit on the island of
Crete Crete ( el, Κρήτη, translit=, Modern Modern may refer to: History *Modern history Human history, also known as world history, is the description of humanity's past. It is informed by archaeology Archaeology or archeology ...

Crete
, to the east of
Heraklion Heraklion or Iraklion ( ; el, Ηράκλειο, , ) is the largest city and the administrative capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in lar ...
. Its capital is Agios Nikolaos, the other major towns being
Ierapetra Ierapetra ( el, Ιεράπετρα, lit=sacred stone; ancient name: ) is a Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a coun ...
and
Sitia Sitia ( el, Σητεία) is a port town and a municipality in Lasithi Lasithi ( el, Λασίθι) is the easternmost regional units of Greece, regional unit on the island of Crete, to the east of Heraklion. Its capital is Agios Nikolaos, Crete, ...
. The mountains include the
Dikti Dikti or Dicte ( el, Δίκτη) (also Lasithiotika Ori; el, Λασιθιώτικα Όρη "Lasithian Mountains"; anciently, Aigaion oros ( grc, Αἰγαῖον ὄρος) or la, Aegaeum mons) is a mountain range on the east of the island of Cr ...

Dikti
in the west and the
Thrypti Thrypti ( el, Θρυπτή) or Sitia mountains (Σητειακά βουνά) is a mountain range in Lasithi in eastern Crete Crete ( el, Κρήτη, translit=, Modern: , Ancient: '','' ) is the largest and most populous of the Greek island ...
in the east. The
Sea of Crete 300px, Map of the Sea of Crete The Sea of Crete (, ''Kritiko Pelagos''), or Cretan Sea, is a sea, part of the Aegean Sea The Aegean Sea ; tr, Ege Denizi is an elongated Bay, embayment of the Mediterranean Sea located between Europe's Geo ...
lies to the north and the
Libyan Sea The Libyan Sea (Ancient Greek, Greek , Latin ''Libycum Mare'', Arabic البحر الليبي) is the portion of the Mediterranean Sea north of the North Africa, African coast of Ancient Libya, ancient ''Libya'', i.e. Cyrenaica, and Marmarica ...
to the south. To the east of the village of
Elounda Elounda ( el, Ελούντα, Elúnda), alternatively transliterated as Elounta or Elouda, is a small town on the northern coast of the island of Crete Crete ( el, Κρήτη, translit=, Modern: , Ancient: '','' ) is the largest and most popu ...

Elounda
lies the island of
Spinalonga Spinalonga ( el, Σπιναλόγκα) is an island located in the Gulf of Elounda Elounda ( el, Ελούντα, Elúnda), alternatively transliterated as Elounta or Elouda, is a small town on the northern coast of the island of Crete Crete ...

Spinalonga
, formerly a Venetian fortress and a
leper colony A leper colony, lazarette, leprosarium, or lazar house was historically a place to isolate people with leprosy Leprosy, also known as Hansen's disease (HD), is a long-term Long-Term Capital Management L.P. (LTCM) was a hedge fund''A financia ...
. On the foot of Mount Dikti lies the
Lasithi Plateau The Lasithi Plateau ( el, Οροπέδιο Λασιθίου, ''Oropedio Lasithiou''), sometimes spelt Lassithi Plateau is a high endorheic An endorheic basin (; also spelled endoreic basin or endorreic basin) is a drainage basin A drai ...

Lasithi Plateau
, famous for its
windmill A windmill is a structure that converts wind power into rotational energy by means of vanes called windmill sail, sails or blades, specifically to mill (grinding), mill grain (gristmills), but the term is also extended to windpumps, wind turbine ...

windmill
s. Vai is well known for its
datepalm ''Phoenix dactylifera'', commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit. The species is widely cultivated across Northern Africa, the Middle East and South A ...
forest. Thanks to its beaches and its mild climate year-long, Lasithi attracts many tourists. Mass tourism is served by places like Vai, Agios Nikolaos and the island of
Chrissi
Chrissi
. More off-beat tourism can be found in villages on the south coast like Myrtos, Makrys Gialos or Makrigialos, Xerokambos and Koutsouras. Lasithi is home to a number of ancient remains. Vasiliki, Lasithi, Vasiliki, Fournou Korifi, Myrtos Pyrgos, Pyrgos, Zakros and Gournia are ruins of Minoan Civilization, Minoan date, Lato and Itanos were Doric towns.


History

The history of Lasithi can be traced over at least three millennia. The region has considerable ancient history antecedents, including the Dorians, Dorian era settlement of Olous and Lato.


Etymology

It has been speculated that ''ra-su-to'', found in Linear B, corresponds to an unattested ancient ''Lasynthos''. There is also a Lyttos, Lyttian tribal name ''Lasynthioi'', presumably reflecting the same name. Earlier proposals that it is derived from a Venetian 'la' preposed to derivatives of ''Lyttos'' (''Lyttus'' > ''Tselyttus'' > ''Tselethe'' > ''Xeethe'' > ''La Xeethi'' > ''Lasithi'')Thomas Abel Brimage Spratt, ''Travels and Researches in Crete'', 1865, chapter XIX
p. 201
/ref> or ''
Sitia Sitia ( el, Σητεία) is a port town and a municipality in Lasithi Lasithi ( el, Λασίθι) is the easternmost regional units of Greece, regional unit on the island of Crete, to the east of Heraklion. Its capital is Agios Nikolaos, Crete, ...
'' (''Sitia'' > ''La Sitia'' > ''Lasithi'') are unlikely, as the name Lasithi was attested as early as 1211, whereas the Venetians only first Kingdom of Candia, arrived in Crete in 1205. Another unlikely etymology derives it from ''lakkos'' 'hole or basin' (''Lakkos'' > ''Lakkidion'' > ''Latsidi'' > ''Lasidi'' > ''Lasithi'').Philip Betancourt, ''Hagios Charalambos: A Minoan Burial Cave in Crete'' 1:9, 2014


Administration

The regional unit Lasithi is subdivided into four municipalities. These are (number as in the map in the infobox): * Agios Nikolaos (1) *
Ierapetra Ierapetra ( el, Ιεράπετρα, lit=sacred stone; ancient name: ) is a Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a coun ...
(2) *Oropedio Lasithiou (3) *Siteia (4)


Prefecture

As a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the regional unit Lasithi was created out of the former prefectures of Greece, prefecture of Lasithi ( el, Νομός Λασιθίου), which was created while Crete was still an Cretan State, autonomous state and was retained after the island joined Greece in 1913. The prefecture had the same territory as the present regional unit, except Viannos area that belonged to Lasithi but was annexed to Heraklion prefecture in 1932. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below.


Provinces

Before 2006, Lasithi was divided into 4 provinces of Greece, provinces: *Province of Mirambelos - Neapolis *Lasithi Province, Province of Lasithi - Tzermiado *Province of
Ierapetra Ierapetra ( el, Ιεράπετρα, lit=sacred stone; ancient name: ) is a Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a coun ...
- Ierapetra *Province of
Sitia Sitia ( el, Σητεία) is a port town and a municipality in Lasithi Lasithi ( el, Λασίθι) is the easternmost regional units of Greece, regional unit on the island of Crete, to the east of Heraklion. Its capital is Agios Nikolaos, Crete, ...
- Sitia


Transport

*Greek National Road 90, GR-90/European route E65, E65, NW, Cen., E, NE *Greek National Road 99, GR-99, Cen., S


See also

*Ieropotamos River *2021 Lasithi earthquake


References


External links


Geographical profile of Lasithi
{{Authority control Lasithi, Prefectures of Greece Regional units of Crete