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''Lagenaria'' is a genus of
gourd Gourds include the fruits of some flowering plant Flowering plants include multiple members of the clade Angiospermae (), commonly called angiosperms. The term "angiosperm" is derived from the Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Gre ...

gourd
-bearing
vine A vine (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share" or "to be in relation ...

vine
s in the squash
family In human society A society is a Social group, group of individuals involved in persistent Social relation, social interaction, or a large social group sharing the same spatial or social territory, typically subject to the same Politic ...
(
Cucurbitaceae The Cucurbitaceae, also called cucurbits or the gourd family, are a plant family (biology), family consisting of about 965 species in around 95 genera, of which the most important to humans are: *''Cucurbita'' – Squash (plant), squash, pumpkin, ...

Cucurbitaceae
). ''Lagenaria'' contains six species, all of which are indigenous to tropical Africa."Pollinators and biological diversity: the case of the bottle gourd (''Lagenaria siceraria'') in Kenya"
by Morimoto Y., Gikungu M., and Maundu P., year 2004
"Notes on ''Lagenaria'' and ''Cucurbita'' (''Cucurbitaceae'')"
, by Herwig Teppner, year 2004 on page 252.
The best-known species, the
calabash Calabash (''Lagenaria siceraria''), also known as bottle gourd, white-flowered gourd, long melon, New Guinea bean and Tasmania bean, is a vine A vine (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a langua ...
or bottle gourd, ''L. siceraria'', has been domesticated by humans, and has spread beyond Africa. The other species are not cultivated. The gourds of the various species may be harvested young and used as a vegetable. More commonly, the gourds are harvested mature, then dried, and used in making utensils (including musical instruments and containers). Gourds of ''L. siceraria'' have been used to store water and other liquids since ancient times. The generic name ''lagenaria'' comes from classical Latin ''lagena'' meaning bottle or flask, plus Latin suffix -aria.''Lagenaria'' i
''The Names of Plants''
by David Gledhill, year 2008 (see also ''lagena'' i
Latin-English Dictionary
by William Whitaker).


References

Cucurbitaceae genera Cucurbitoideae {{Cucurbitales-stub