HOME

TheInfoList




' is an
initialism An acronym is a word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that can be uttered in isolation with semantic, objective or pragmatics, practical meaning (linguistics), meaning. In ma ...
that stands for
lesbian A lesbian is a Homosexuality, homosexual woman.Zimmerman, p. 453. The word ''lesbian'' is also used for women in relation to their sexual identity or sexual behavior, regardless of sexual orientation, or as an adjective to characterize or ...

lesbian
,
gay ''Gay'' is a term that primarily refers to a homosexual person or the trait of being homosexual. The term originally meant 'carefree', 'cheerful', or 'bright and showy'. While scant usage referring to male homosexuality Human male sexual ...
,
bisexual A bisexual pride flag Bisexuality is romantic Romantic may refer to: Genres and eras * The Romantic era, an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement of the 18th and 19th centuries ** Romantic music, of that era ** Romantic p ...
, and
transgender Transgender people have a gender identity Gender identity is the personal sense of one's own gender Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between femininity Femininity (also called womanliness or ...

transgender
. In use since the 1990s, the initialism, as well as some of its common variants, functions as an
umbrella term In linguistics, hyponymy (from Greek language, Greek ὑπό, ''hupó'', "under", and ὄνυμα, ''ónuma'', "name") is a semantics, semantic relation between a hyponym denoting a subtype and a hypernym or hyperonym denoting a supertype. In oth ...
for sexuality and gender identity. It may refer to anyone who is
non-heterosexual ''Non-heterosexual'' is a word for a sexual orientation or sexual identity that is not heterosexual. The term helps define the "concept of what is the norm and how a particular group is different from that norm". ''Non-heterosexual'' is used i ...
or non-
cisgender Cisgender (sometimes cissexual or shortened to cis) describes a person whose gender identity Gender identity is the personal sense of one's own gender Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between f ...
, instead of exclusively to people who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender. To recognize this inclusion, a popular variant, ', adds the letter ''Q'' for those who identify as
queer ''Queer'' is an umbrella term In linguistics, hyponymy (from Greek language, Greek ὑπό, ''hupó'', "under", and ὄνυμα, ''ónuma'', "name") is a semantics, semantic relation between a hyponym denoting a subtype and a hypernym or hyp ...

queer
or are questioning their sexual or gender identity.


History of the term

The first widely used term, ''
homosexual Homosexuality is Romance (love), romantic attraction, sexual attraction, or Human sexual activity, sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender. As a sexual orientation, homosexuality is "an enduring pattern of emotional, romantic ...

homosexual
'', now carries negative connotations in the United States.Media Reference Guide
(citing AP,
Washington Post ''The Washington Post'' (also known as the ''Post'' and, informally, ''WaPo'') is an American daily newspaper A newspaper is a Periodical literature, periodical publication containing written News, information about current events and is ...

Washington Post
style guides),
GLAAD GLAAD is an American non-governmental media monitoring organization, founded as a protest against defamatory coverage of LGBT people. Its agenda has since extended to the entertainment industry and its portrayal of these groups. The movement is ...

GLAAD
. Retrieved 23 December 2019.
''
Gay ''Gay'' is a term that primarily refers to a homosexual person or the trait of being homosexual. The term originally meant 'carefree', 'cheerful', or 'bright and showy'. While scant usage referring to male homosexuality Human male sexual ...

Gay
'' became a popular term in the 1970s. As lesbians forged more public identities, the phrase "gay and lesbian" became more common. A dispute as to whether the primary focus of their political aims should be
feminism Feminism is a range of s and that aim to define and establish the political, economic, personal, and social . Feminism incorporates the position that societies prioritize the male point of view, and that women are treated unjustly within ...

feminism
or
gay rights Rights affecting , , , and () people vary greatly by country or jurisdiction—encompassing everything from the legal recognition of to the . Notably, , 29 countries recognized . By contrast, not counting non-state actors and extrajudici ...
led to the dissolution of some lesbian organizations, including the
Daughters of Bilitis The Daughters of Bilitis , also called the DOB or the Daughters, was the first First or 1st is the ordinal form of the number 1 (number), one (#1). First or 1st may also refer to: *World record, specifically the first instance of a particular ac ...
, which disbanded in 1970 following disputes over which goal should take precedence. As equality was a priority for
lesbian feminists Lesbian feminism is a cultural movement and Critique, critical perspective, most influential in the 1970s and early 1980s (primarily in North America and Western Europe), that encourages women to focus their efforts, attentions, relationships, ...
, disparity of roles between men and women or
butch and femme ''Butch'' and ''femme'' are terms used in the lesbian A lesbian is a Homosexuality, homosexual woman.Zimmerman, p. 453. The word ''lesbian'' is also used for women in relation to their sexual identity or sexual behavior, regardless of ...
were viewed as
patriarchal Patriarchy is a social system In sociology, social system is the patterned network of relationships constituting a coherent whole that exist between individuals, groups, and institutions. It is the formal Social structure, structure of role ...

patriarchal
. Lesbian feminists eschewed
gender role A gender role, also known as a sex role, is a social role A role (also rôle or social role) is a set of connected behavior Behavior (American English) or behaviour (British English; American and British English spelling differences#-our, ...
play that had been pervasive in bars as well as the perceived
chauvinism Chauvinism is the unreasonable belief in the superiority or dominance of one's own group or people, who are seen as strong and virtuous, while others are considered weak, unworthy, or inferior. It can be described as a form of extreme patriotism ...

chauvinism
of
gay men Gay men are male . Some and men may also dually identify as , and a number of young gay men today also identify as . Historically, gay men have been referred to by a number of different terms, including ' and ''s''. Gay men continue to face ...
; many lesbian feminists refused to work with gay men, or take up their causes. Lesbians who held the
essentialist Essentialism is the view that every entity has a set of attributes that are necessary to its identity and function. In early Western thought, Plato's idealism held that all things have such an "essence"—an "idea" or "form". In Categories (A ...
view, that they had been born homosexual and used the descriptor "lesbian" to define sexual attraction, often considered the separatist opinions of lesbian-feminists to be detrimental to the cause of gay rights. Bisexual and transgender people also sought recognition as legitimate categories within the larger minority community. After the elation of change following group action in the 1969
Stonewall riots The Stonewall riots (also known as the Stonewall uprising or the Stonewall rebellion) were a series of spontaneous demonstrations by members of the gay community The LGBT community (also known as the LGBTQ+ community, GLBT community, or the ...
in
New York City New York, often called New York City to distinguish it from New York State New York is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of ...

New York City
, in the late 1970s and the early 1980s, some gays and lesbians became less accepting of
bisexual A bisexual pride flag Bisexuality is romantic Romantic may refer to: Genres and eras * The Romantic era, an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement of the 18th and 19th centuries ** Romantic music, of that era ** Romantic p ...
or
transgender Transgender people have a gender identity Gender identity is the personal sense of one's own gender Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between femininity Femininity (also called womanliness or ...

transgender
people. Critics said that transgender people were acting out
stereotypes Police officers buying doughnuts and coffee, an example of perceived stereotypical behavior in North America. Social psychology Social psychology is the Science, scientific study of how the thoughts, feelings, and behaviors of individu ...

stereotypes
and bisexuals were simply gay men or lesbian women who were afraid to
come out Coming out of the closet, often shortened to coming out, is a metaphor used to describe LGBT people's self-disclosure of their sexual orientation or of their gender identity. Framed and debated as a privacy issue, coming out of the closet is exp ...
and be honest about their identity. Each community has struggled to develop its own identity including whether, and how, to align with other
gender Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between femininity Femininity (also called womanliness or girlishness) is a set of attributes, behaviors, and roles generally associated with women A woman is a ...

gender
and sexuality-based communities, at times excluding other subgroups; these conflicts continue to this day. LGBTQ activists and artists have created posters to raise consciousness about the issue since the movement began. From about 1988, activists began to use the initialism ''LGBT'' in the United States. Not until the 1990s within the movement did gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender people gain equal respect. This spurred some organizations to adopt new names, as the GLBT Historical Society did in 1999. Although the LGBT community has seen much controversy regarding universal acceptance of different member groups (bisexual and transgender individuals, in particular, have sometimes been marginalized by the larger LGBT community), the term ''LGBT'' has been a positive symbol of inclusion. Despite the fact that ''LGBT'' does not nominally encompass all individuals in smaller communities (see Variants below), the term is generally accepted to include those not specifically identified in the four-letter initialism. Overall, the use of the term ''LGBT'' has, over time, largely aided in bringing otherwise marginalized individuals into the general community. Transgender actress
Candis Cayne Candis Cayne (born August 29, 1971) is an American actress and performance art Performance art is an artwork or art exhibition created through actions executed by the artist or other participants. It may be witnessed live or through document ...

Candis Cayne
in 2009 described the LGBT community as "the last great minority", noting that "We can still be harassed openly" and be "called out on television". In 2016,
GLAAD GLAAD is an American non-governmental media monitoring organization, founded as a protest against defamatory coverage of LGBT people. Its agenda has since extended to the entertainment industry and its portrayal of these groups. The movement is ...

GLAAD
's Media Reference Guide states that ''LGBTQ'' is the preferred initialism, being more inclusive of younger members of the communities who embrace ''
queer ''Queer'' is an umbrella term In linguistics, hyponymy (from Greek language, Greek ὑπό, ''hupó'', "under", and ὄνυμα, ''ónuma'', "name") is a semantics, semantic relation between a hyponym denoting a subtype and a hypernym or hyp ...

queer
'' as a self-descriptor. However, some people consider ''queer'' to be a derogatory term originating in hate speech and reject it, especially among older members of the community.


Variants

Many variants exist including variations that change the order of the letters, including ' to encompass spectrums of sexuality and
gender Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between femininity Femininity (also called womanliness or girlishness) is a set of attributes, behaviors, and roles generally associated with women A woman is a ...
. Other common variants also exist, such as ''LGBTQIA+'', with the ''A'' standing for "", "
aromantic Romantic orientation, also called affectional orientation, indicates the sex or gender Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between, femininity and masculinity. Depending on the context, these character ...
" or " agender". Longer acronyms have prompted criticism for their length, and the implication that the acronym refers to a single community is also controversial. Although identical in meaning, ''LGBT'' may have a more
feminist Feminism is a range of social movements and ideology, ideologies that aim to define and establish the political, economic, personal, and social gender equality, equality of the sexes. Feminism incorporates the position that societies priori ...

feminist
connotation than ' as it places the "L" (for "lesbian") first. ''LGBT'' may also include additional Qs for "
queer ''Queer'' is an umbrella term In linguistics, hyponymy (from Greek language, Greek ὑπό, ''hupó'', "under", and ὄνυμα, ''ónuma'', "name") is a semantics, semantic relation between a hyponym denoting a subtype and a hypernym or hyp ...

queer
" or " questioning" (sometimes abbreviated with a question mark and sometimes used to mean anybody not literally L, G, B or T) producing the variants ''LGBTQ'' and '. The order of the letters has not been standardized; in addition to the variations between the positions of the initial "L" or "G", the mentioned, less common letters, if used, may appear in almost any order. In Spain, ''LGTB'' is used, that is, reversing the letters "B" and "T". Longer initialisms based on ''LGBT'' are sometimes referred to as " alphabet soup". Variant terms do not typically represent political differences within the community, but arise simply from the preferences of individuals and groups. The terms ''
pansexual , meaning "all" , definition = Sexual or romantic attraction to people regardless of gender , classification = Sexual identity Sexual identity is how one thinks of oneself in terms of to whom one is romance (love), romantically ...
'', ''omnisexual'', ''fluid'' and ''queer-identified'' are regarded as falling under the umbrella term ''bisexual'' (and therefore are considered a part of the
bisexual community The bisexual community (also known as the bi+, bisexual/pansexual, or bi/pan/fluid community) includes members of the LGBT community The LGBT community (also known as the LGBTQ+ community, GLBT community, or the gay community) is a loosely defi ...
). Some use ''LGBT+'' to mean "LGBT and related communities". ' is sometimes used and adds "queer, intersex, and " to the basic term. Other variants may have a "U" for "unsure"; a "C" for "curious"; another "T" for "
transvestite Transvestism is the practice of dressing in a manner traditionally associated with the opposite sex. In some cultures, transvestism is practiced for religious, traditional, or ceremonial reasons. The term is considered outdated in Western cul ...

transvestite
"; a "TS", or "2" for "
two-spirit Two-Spirit (also two spirit or, occasionally, twospirited) is a modern, , umbrella term In linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language, meaning that it is a comprehensive, systematic, objective, and precise study of l ...
" persons; or an "SA" for "
straight allies An ally, straight ally, or heterosexual ally is a Heterosexuality, heterosexual and cisgender person who supports equal civil rights, gender equality, and LGBT social movements, challenging homophobia, biphobia, and transphobia. Not everyone who mee ...
". The inclusion of straight allies in the LGBT acronym has proven controversial as many straight allies have been accused of using LGBT advocacy to gain popularity and status in recent years, and various LGBT activists have criticised the heteronormative worldview of certain straight allies. Some may also add a "P" for " polyamorous", an "H" for "", or an "O" for "other". The initialism ' has seen use in
India India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi Hindi (Devanagari: , हिंदी, ISO 15919, ISO: ), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: , ISO 15919, ISO: ), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken chiefly in Hindi Belt, ...

India
to encompass the hijra
third gender Third gender is a concept in which individuals are categorized, either by themselves or by society, as neither man nor woman. It is also a social category present in societies A society is a Social group, group of individuals involved ...
identity and the related subculture. Adding the term ''allies'' to the initialism has sparked controversy, with some seeing the inclusion of "ally" in place of "asexual" as a form of asexual erasure. There is also the
acronym An acronym is a word In linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign langu ...
' (queer and questioning, unsure, intersex, lesbian, transgender and two-spirit, bisexual, asexual and aromantic, and gay and genderqueer). Similarly ' stands for "lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex, queer/questioning, asexual and many other terms (such as non-binary and pansexual)". The ''+'' after the "A" may denote a second "A" representing "allies". In Canada, the community is sometimes identified as LGBTQ2 (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer and Two Spirit). Depending on the which organization is using the acronym the choice of acronym changes. Businesses and the
CBC#Redirect CBC
{{Redirect category shell, 1= {{Redirect from other capitalisation {{Redirect from ambiguous term ...
often simply employ ''LGBT'' as a proxy for any longer acronym, private activist groups often employ ''LGBTQ+'', whereas public health providers favour the more inclusive ''LGBT2Q+'' to accommodate twin spirited
indigenous peoples Indigenous peoples, also referred to as first peoples, first nations, aboriginal peoples, native peoples (with these terms often capitalized when referred to relating to specific countries), or autochthonous peoples, are culturally distinct e ...
. For a time the
Pride Toronto lors taking part in the 2006 Pride Parade. costumes celebrate their wedding. Image:Toronto Gay Pride Parade 2006 085.jpg, CANFAR float in the 2006 parade Pride Toronto is an annual event held in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, in June each year. A ...

Pride Toronto
organization used the much lengthier acronym ', but appears to have dropped this in favour of simpler wording.


Transgender inclusion

The term ''trans*'' has been adopted by some groups as a more inclusive alternative to "transgender", where trans (without the asterisk) has been used to describe
trans men A trans man is a man who was assigned female at birth. The label of transgender man is not always interchangeable with that of transsexual man, although the two labels are often used in this way. ''Transgender'' is an umbrella term that inclu ...
and
trans women A trans woman is a woman A woman is an adult female Female (symbol: ♀) is the sex of an organism that produces the large non-mobile ovum, ova (egg cells), the type of gamete (sex cell) that fuses with the Sperm, male gamete during ...
, while trans* covers all non-cisgender (
genderqueer Non-binary or genderqueer is an umbrella term for Gender identity, gender identities that are neither male nor femaleidentities that are outside the gender binary. Non-binary identities fall under the transgender umbrella, since non-binary pe ...
) identities, including transgender, transsexual, transvestite, genderqueer, genderfluid,
non-binary Non-binary or genderqueer is an umbrella term for gender identities Gender identity is the personal sense of one's own gender.''Sexual Orientation and Gender Expression in Social Work Practice'', edited by Deana F. Morrow and Lori Messinger ...
,
genderfuck A gender bender is a person who disrupts or "bends" expected gender roles. Bending expected gender roles may also be called a genderfuck. Gender bending is sometimes a form of social activism undertaken to destroy rigid gender roles and defy sex- ...
, genderless, agender, non-gendered, third gender, two-spirit,
bigender
bigender
, and trans man and trans woman. Likewise, the term ''transsexual'' commonly falls under the umbrella term ''transgender'', but some transsexual people object to this. The ''LGBT'' term is an adaptation of the initialism ', which began to replace the term ''gay'' in reference to the broader
LGBT community The LGBT community (also known as the LGBTQ+ community, GLBT community, or the gay community) is a loosely defined grouping of lesbian A lesbian is a homosexual Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction Sexual ...
beginning in the mid-to-late 1980s. When not inclusive of transgender people, the shorter term ''LGB'' is still used instead of ''LGBT''.


Intersex inclusion

Those who add
intersex Intersex people are individuals born with any of several sex characteristics Sexual characteristics are physical or behavioral traits of an organism (typically of a sexually dimorphic organism) which are indicative of its biological sex. Th ...
people to LGBT groups or organizing may use the extended initialism '. These two initialisms are sometimes combined to form the terms ' The relationship of
intersex Intersex people are individuals born with any of several sex characteristics Sexual characteristics are physical or behavioral traits of an organism (typically of a sexually dimorphic organism) which are indicative of its biological sex. Th ...
to lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans, and queer communities is complex, but intersex people are often added to the LGBT category to create an LGBTI community. Some intersex people prefer the initialism ''LGBTI'', while others would rather that they not be included as part of the term.
Emi Koyama Emi Koyama (b. 1975) is a Japanese-American are Americans of Japanese people, Japanese ancestry. Japanese Americans were among the three largest Asian American ethnic communities during the 20th century; but, according to the 2000 United States ...
describes how inclusion of intersex in ''LGBTI'' can fail to address intersex-specific human rights issues, including creating false impressions "that intersex people's rights are protected" by laws protecting LGBT people, and failing to acknowledge that many intersex people are not LGBT.
Organisation Intersex International Australia Intersex Human Rights Australia (IHRA) is a voluntary organisation for intersex Intersex people are individuals born with any of several Sexual characteristics, sex characteristics including chromosome patterns, gonads, or genitals that, ac ...
states that some intersex individuals are same sex attracted, and some are heterosexual, but "LGBTI activism has fought for the rights of people who fall outside of expected binary sex and gender norms".
Julius Kaggwa Julius Kaggwa is a prominent Ugandan intersex Intersex people are individuals born with any of several sex characteristics Sexual characteristics are physical or behavioral traits of an organism (typically of a sexually dimorphic organism) ...
of SIPD Uganda has written that, while the gay community "offers us a place of relative safety, it is also oblivious to our specific needs". Numerous studies have shown higher rates of same sex attraction in intersex people, with a recent Australian study of people born with atypical sex characteristics finding that 52% of respondents were non-heterosexual, thus research on intersex subjects has been used to explore means of preventing homosexuality. As an experience of being born with sex characteristics that do not fit social norms, intersex can be distinguished from transgender,Children's right to physical integrity
Council of Europe The Council of Europe (CoE; french: Conseil de l'Europe, ) is an international organisation ''International Organization'' is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal that covers the entire field of international relations, international aff ...

Council of Europe
Parliamentary Assembly, Report Doc. 13297, 6 September 2013.
while some intersex people are both intersex and transgender.


Criticism of the term

The initialisms ''LGBT'' or ''GLBT'' are not agreed to by everyone that they encompass. For example, some argue that transgender and transsexual causes are not the same as that of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people. This argument centers on the idea that being transgender or transsexual have to do more with gender identity, or a person's understanding of being or not being a man or a woman irrespective of their sexual orientation. LGB issues can be seen as a matter of sexual orientation or attraction. These distinctions have been made in the context of political action in which LGB goals, such as
same-sex marriage Same-sex marriage, also known as gay marriage, is the marriage in Stockholm Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock is a culturally and often legally recognized union between people called spouse A religious marriage. A spo ...
legislation and
human rights Human rights are moral A moral (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. ...
work (which may not include transgender and intersex people), may be perceived to differ from transgender and transsexual goals. A belief in "lesbian & gay separatism" (not to be confused with the related "
lesbian separatism Feminist separatism is the theory that feminist opposition to patriarchy Patriarchy is a social system in which men hold primary power and predominate in roles of political leadership, moral authority, social privilege and control of pro ...
"), holds that lesbians and gay men form (or should form) a community distinct and separate from other groups normally included in the LGBTQ sphere. While not always appearing of sufficient number or organization to be called a
movement Movement may refer to: Common uses * Movement (clockwork), the internal mechanism of a timepiece * Motion (physics), commonly referred to as movement Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * Movement (short story), "Movement", a shor ...
, separatists are a significant, vocal, and active element within many parts of the LGBT community. In some cases separatists will deny the existence or right to equality of bisexual orientations and of transsexuality, sometimes leading public
biphobia Biphobia is aversion toward bisexuality Bisexuality is romantic Romantic may refer to: Genres and eras * The Romantic era, an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement of the 18th and 19th centuries ** Romantic music, of ...
and
transphobia Transphobia is a collection of ideas and phenomena that encompass a range of negative attitudes, feelings or actions towards transgender people or transness in general. Transphobia can include fear, aversion, hatred, violence, anger, or dis ...
. In contrasts to separatists,
Peter Tatchell Peter Gary Tatchell (born 25 January 1952) is a British human rights campaigner, originally from Australia, best known for his work with LGBT social movements. Tatchell was selected as the Labour Party (UK), Labour Party's Parliament of the Uni ...

Peter Tatchell
of the LGBT human rights group OutRage! argues that to separate the transgender movement from the LGB would be "political madness", stating that:
Queers are, like transgender people, gender deviant. We don't conform to traditional heterosexist assumptions of male and female behaviour, in that we have sexual and emotional relationships with the same sex. We should celebrate our discordance with mainstream straight norms. ..
The portrayal of an all-encompassing "LGBT community" or "LGB community" is also disliked by some lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people. Some do not subscribe to or approve of the political and social solidarity, and visibility and human rights campaigning that normally goes with it including
gay pride at the Senate Square in Helsinki Helsinki ( or ; ; sv, Helsingfors, ; la, Helsingia) is the Capital city, capital, primate city, primate and List of cities and towns in Finland, most populous city of Finland. Located on the shore of ...

gay pride
marches and events. Some of them believe that grouping together people with non-heterosexual orientations perpetuates the myth that being gay/lesbian/bi/asexual/pansexual/etc. makes a person deficiently different from other people. These people are often less visible compared to more mainstream gay or LGBT activists. Since this faction is difficult to distinguish from the heterosexual majority, it is common for people to assume all LGBT people support LGBT liberation and the visibility of LGBT people in society, including the right to live one's life in a different way from the majority. In the 1996 book ''Anti-Gay'', a collection of essays edited by Mark Simpson, the concept of a 'one-size-fits-all' identity based on
LGBT stereotypes LGBT stereotypes are stereotypes about lesbian, Gay men, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) people. The stereotypes are conventional, formulaic generalizations, opinions, or images based on the sexual orientations or gender identity, gender ide ...
is criticized for suppressing the individuality of LGBT people. Writing in the
BBC News Magazine BBC News Online is the website of BBC News, the division of the BBC responsible for newsgathering and production. The website contains international news coverage, as well as British, entertainment, science, and political news. Many reports a ...
in 2014,
Julie Bindel Julie Bindel (born 20 July 1962) is an English radical feminist writer and co-founder of the law-reform group ''Justice for Women'', which since 1991 has helped women who have been prosecuted for killing violent male partners. A former visitin ...
questions whether the various gender groupings now, "bracketed together" ... "share the same issues, values and goals?" Bindel refers to a number of possible new initialisms for differing combinations and concludes that it may be time for the alliances to be reformed or finally go "our separate ways". In 2015, the slogan "Drop the T" was coined to encourage LGBT organizations to stop support of
transgender Transgender people have a gender identity Gender identity is the personal sense of one's own gender Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between femininity Femininity (also called womanliness or ...

transgender
people; the campaign has been widely condemned by many LGBT groups as
transphobic Transphobia is a collection of ideas and phenomena that encompass a range of negative attitudes, feelings, or actions towards transgender Transgender people have a gender identity or gender expression that differs from the sex that the ...
.


Alternative terms


Queer

Many people have looked for a generic term to replace the numerous existing initialisms. Words such as ''
queer ''Queer'' is an umbrella term In linguistics, hyponymy (from Greek language, Greek ὑπό, ''hupó'', "under", and ὄνυμα, ''ónuma'', "name") is a semantics, semantic relation between a hyponym denoting a subtype and a hypernym or hyp ...

queer
'' (an umbrella term for sexual and gender minorities that are not heterosexual, or cisgender) and ''
rainbow A rainbow is a meteorological Meteorology is a branch of the atmospheric sciences which includes atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric physics, with a major focus on weather forecasting Weather forecasting is the application of sc ...
'' have been tried, but most have not been widely adopted. ''Queer'' has many negative connotations to older people who remember the word as a taunt and insult and such (negative) usage of the term continues. Many younger people also understand ''queer'' to be more politically charged than ''LGBT''.


SGM/GSM

SGM, or GSM, an abbreviation for
sexual and gender minorities A sexual minority is a group whose sexual identity Sexual identity is how one thinks of oneself in terms of to whom one is romance (love), romantically or Sexual attraction, sexually attracted. ''Sexual identity'' may also refer to sexual orien ...
, has gained particular currency in government, academia, and medicine. It has been adopted by the
National Institutes of Health The National Institutes of Health (NIH ) is the primary agency of the United States government The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government or U.S. government) is the national government of the United States ...
; the
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), is a federal agency within the United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) that administers the Medicare (United States), Medicare program and works in partnership with state go ...
; and the UCLA
Williams Institute The Williams Institute at UCLA School of Law (usually shortened to Williams Institute) is a public policy Public policy is a course of action created and/or enacted, typically by a government A government is the system or group of pe ...
, which studies SGM law and policy.
Duke University Duke University is a Private university, private research university in Durham, North Carolina. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in the present-day town of Trinity, North Carolina, Trinity in 1838, the school moved to Durham in 1892. In 1924, t ...
and the
University of California San Francisco The University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of deliberately managing the release and spread of information between an individual or an organization (such as a ...
both have prominent Sexual and Gender Minority health programs. An NIH paper recommends the term SGM because it is inclusive of "those who may not self-identify as LGBT … or those who have a specific medical condition affecting reproductive development," a publication from the White House Office of Management and Budget explains that "We believe that SGM is more inclusive, because it includes persons not specifically referenced by the identities listed in LGBT," and a UK government paper favors SGM because initials like LGBTIQ+ stand for terms that, especially outside the Global North, are "not necessarily inclusive of local understandings and terms used to describe sexual and gender minorities." An example of usage outside the Global North is the
Constitution of Nepal Constitution of Nepal 2015 ( ne, नेपालको संविधान २०७२) is the present governing Constitution of Nepal. Nepal is governed according to the Constitution which came into effect on September 20, 2015, replacing the ...

Constitution of Nepal
, which identifies "gender and sexual minorities" as a protected class.


Rainbow

"Rainbow" has connotations that recall
hippies A hippie, also spelled hippy, especially in UK English, was a member of the counterculture of the 1960s A counterculture is a culture whose values and norms of behavior differ substantially from those of mainstream society, sometimes diametr ...
,
New Age New Age is a range of spiritual or religious Religion is a - of designated and practices, , s, s, , , , , or , that relates humanity to , , and elements; however, there is no scholarly consensus over what precisely constitutes a religi ...
movements, and groups such as the Rainbow Family or
Jesse Jackson Jesse Louis Jackson ( né Burns; born October 8, 1941) is an American political activist Activism consists of efforts to promote, impede, direct, or intervene in Social change, social, Political campaign, political, Economics, economic, ...

Jesse Jackson
's Rainbow/PUSH Coalition. ''SGL'' ("
same gender lovingSame-gender-loving, or SGL, a term coined for African American African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or partial ancestry from any of the Black people, black racial gr ...
") is sometimes favored among gay male
African American African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people A people is any plurality of person A person (plural people or persons) is a being t ...

African American
s as a way of distinguishing themselves from what they regard as
white White is the lightest color Color (American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the Unite ...
-dominated LGBT communities.


Further umbrella terms

Some people advocate the term "minority sexual and gender identities" (MSGI, coined in 2000), so as to explicitly include all people who are not
cisgender Cisgender (sometimes cissexual or shortened to cis) describes a person whose gender identity Gender identity is the personal sense of one's own gender Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between f ...
and
heterosexual Heterosexuality is romantic Romantic may refer to: Genres and eras * The Romantic era, an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement of the 18th and 19th centuries ** Romantic music, of that era ** Romantic poetry, of that era ** ...
; or ''gender, sexual, and romantic minorities'' (GSRM), which is more explicitly inclusive of minority romantic orientations and
polyamory Polyamory (from Ancient Greek, Greek ', "many", and Latin ', "love") is the practice of, or desire for, intimate relationships with more than one partner, with the informed Sexual consent, consent of all partners involved. "Polyamory describes ...

polyamory
; but those have not been widely adopted either. Other rare umbrella terms are Gender and Sexual Diversities (GSD), MOGII (Marginalized Orientations, Gender Identities, and Intersex) and MOGAI (Marginalized Orientations, Gender Alignments and Intersex).


Clinical

In public health settings, ''MSM'' ("
men who have sex with men Men who have sex with men (MSM), also known as males who have sex with males, are male Male (♂) is the sex of an organism that produces the gamete known as sperm. A male gamete can fuse with a larger female gamete, or ovum, in the process o ...
") is clinically used to describe men who have sex with other men without referring to their sexual orientation, with ''WSW'' ("
women who have sex with women Women who have sex with women (WSW) are women who engage in sexual activities with other women, whether they identify themselves as lesbian A lesbian is a Homosexuality, homosexual woman.Zimmerman, p. 453. The word ''lesbian'' is also use ...
") also used as an analogous term.


MVPFAFF

MVPFAFF is an abbreviation for
Māhū ' ('in the middle') in Native Hawaiian Native Hawaiians, or simply Hawaiians ( haw, kānaka ʻōiwi, , and ), are the Indigenous peoples of Oceania, Indigenous Polynesians, Polynesian people of the Hawaiian Islands. The traditional name of th ...
, Vakasalewa, Palopa, Fa’afafine, Akava’ine, Fakaleitī (Leiti), and Fakafifine. This term was developed by Phylesha Brown-Acton in 2010 at the Asia Pacific Games Human Rights Conference. This refers to those in the rainbow Pasifika community that may or may not identify with the LGBT acronym.


See also

*
Androphilia and gynephilia Androphilia and gynephilia are terms used in behavioral science to describe sexual orientation Sexual orientation is an enduring pattern of Romance (love), romantic or sexual attraction (or a combination of these) to persons of the opposite sex ...
* Gender and sexual diversity *
LGBT symbols The LGBT community has adopted certain symbols A symbol is a mark, sign, or word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that can be uttered in isolation with semantic, objective ...


Notes


External links


Archives
of glbtq.com, the GLBTQ encyclopedia
Directory of U.S. and international LGBT Community Centers

American Psychological Association's Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Concerns Office
{{DEFAULTSORT:Lgbt 1990s neologisms
LGBT ' is an initialism An acronym is a word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that can be uttered in isolation with semantic, objective or pragmatics, practical meaning (li ...
Bisexuality Initialisms Intersex Lesbianism Male homosexuality Same-sex sexuality Transgender Queer