HOME

TheInfoList




Korean Broadcasting System (KBS) () is the national
public broadcaster Public broadcasting involves radio Radio is the technology of signaling and telecommunication, communicating using radio waves. Radio waves are electromagnetic waves of frequency between 30 hertz (Hz) and 300 gigahertz (GHz). They ...
of
South Korea South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korea, Korean Peninsula and sharing a Korean Demilitarized Zone, land border with North Korea. Its western border is for ...

South Korea
. It was founded in 1927, and operates
radio Radio is the technology of signaling and telecommunication, communicating using radio waves. Radio waves are electromagnetic waves of frequency between 30 hertz (Hz) and 300 gigahertz (GHz). They are generated by an electronic device ...

radio
,
television Television, sometimes shortened to TV or telly, is a telecommunication Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over wire A wire is a single usually cylindrical A cylinder (from Gre ...

television
, and
online In computer technology and telecommunications Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over , radio, , or other systems. It has its origin in the desire of humans for communication over a dista ...

online
services. As of 2021, it is one of
South Korea South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korea, Korean Peninsula and sharing a Korean Demilitarized Zone, land border with North Korea. Its western border is for ...

South Korea
's largest broadcasters.


History


Early radio broadcasts

The KBS began as Keijo Broadcasting Station (경성방송국, 京城放送局) with call sign JODK, established by the
Governor-General of Korea The Governor-General of Chosen was the chief administrator of the Japanese colonial government in Korea Korea (officially the "Korean Peninsula") is a region in East Asia. Since 1945 it has been Division of Korea, divided into the two par ...
on 16 February 1927. It became the in 1932. This second radio station started using the call sign HLKA in 1947 after the
Republic of Korea South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an individual's birth, residence or citizenship. A cou ...

Republic of Korea
was granted the
ITU prefix The International Telecommunication Union The International Telecommunication Union is a list of specialized agencies of the United Nations, specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for all matters related to information and c ...
HL. After doing a national broadcast, the radio was renamed Seoul Central Broadcasting Station in 1948.


1950s–1960s – Move into television

Television broadcasts in South Korea began on 12 May 1956 with the first television station HLKZ-TV. After financial difficulties, it was acquired by KBS in 1961.


1970s – Expansion

KBS station status changed from government to broadcasting station on 3 March 1973. Construction of KBS headquarters in
Yeouido Yeouido (Hangul The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul, . Hangul may also be written as following South Korea's . in and Chosŏn'gŭl in , is a writing system for the created by King in 1443. The letters for the five basic s reflect the ...

Yeouido
started in 1976. In 1979 KBS radio began broadcasting on the FM band with the launch of KBS Stereo (now
KBS 1FM KBS Classic FM (also known as ''KBS 1FM'') is a South Korean radio network operated by the Korean Broadcasting System. Most of the schedule is assigned to classical music, making it one of the few radio networks in the world that broadcast mainly ...
).


1980s – Advertising started after controversial merger

KBS began accepting advertising in 1980, differing from the norm of advert-free broadcasting by public broadcasters, after the forced merger of several private broadcasters into KBS by the military government of
Chun Doo-hwan Chun Doo-hwan (; or ; born 6 March 1931) is a former South Korean politician and army general who served as the President of South Korea from 1980 to 1988. From December 1979 to September 1980, he was the country's ''de facto'' leader, rulin ...

Chun Doo-hwan
(see Controversies).


1990s – Spinoff of EBS

In 1981, KBS launched KBS 3TV and Educational FM and on 27 December 1990, the channels split from KBS to form the
Educational Broadcasting System Korea Educational Broadcasting System () or EBS is a South Korean educational public broadcaster and radio network covering South Korean territory, and the only major South Korean radio and television network without a separate regional service. ...
(EBS). After a revision of the television licensing fee system in 1994, 1TV and Radio1 stopped broadcasting commercials.


2010s

After first broadcasting HD programmes in 2001, KBS completely transferred to digital broadcasting in 2012. In March 2013, computer shutdowns hit South Korean television stations including the KBS. The South Korean government asserted a
North Korea North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. It borders China and Russia to the north, at the Yalu River, Yalu (Amnok) and Tu ...

North Korea
n link in the March cyberattacks, which has been denied by Pyongyang. In 2013, KBS World Radio commemorated its 60th anniversary, and KBS World TV celebrated 10 years of its foundation. In 2014, KBS World 24 was launched, mainly for Koreans abroad. In 2015, KBS was honored to have its archives of the KBS Special Live Broadcast, Finding Dispersed Families, inscribed on the
UNESCO The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) (french: Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialised agency United Nations Specialized Agencies are autonomous orga ...

UNESCO
Memory of the World Register. This makes KBS only the world's second broadcaster to have a broadcast programme on the prestigious list. The KBS network dedicated to deliver the exclusive Special Live Broadcast, Finding Dispersed Families, via its primary channel, KBS1. KBS News served as the program's producer. The program made its premiere telecast on 10:15 pm KST on 30 June 1983. After more than 6 months, the special live programme ended at 4 am on 14 November 1983. This marks a total duration of 453 hours and 45 minutes of live broadcast over the period of 138 days, aired nationwide on KBS1. The whole live broadcast was recorded. The KBS' archives of Special Live Broadcast, Finding Dispersed Families include; 463 video tapes of the original recordings, and many kinds of associated materials, generated in the course of the extraordinary broadcast, such as the posters carrying the participating dispersed family members' capsule stories, cue sheets, programming schedules, radio recording materials, and related photographs. A total of 20,522 such assorted materials have been preserved in the archives. The program was the biggest public affairs program ever produced by KBS in the decade, and was the first to tackle the issue of families separated because of the long
Korean War The Korean War (see § Names) was a war fought between North Korea North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. It b ...

Korean War
(1950-1953), which garnered even international coverage. In 2017, KBS launched the world's first terrestrial UHD broadcasting service. In 2018, KBS led the operation of the IBC (International Broadcasting Centre) inside the KINTEX (Korea International Exhibition Center), located in Goyang City, as Host Broadcaster for the
April 2018 inter-Korean summit The April 2018 Inter-Korean summit took place on 27 April 2018 on the South Korean side of the Joint Security Area, between Moon Jae-in, President of South Korea, and Kim Jong-un, Leader of the Workers' Party of Korea, Chairman of the Workers' ...
. During the summit, KBS successfully delivered all the moments associated with the historic summit for more than 3,000 local and overseas media representatives, gathered at the IBC. Throughout the day of the summit, KBS delivered live coverage and the latest developments of the event through its continuous special news bulletins. Also, its prime-time news programmes,
KBS News 9 ''KBS Nine O'Clock News'' (Also known as ''KBS News 9'' (''KBS 뉴스9'' in Korean)) is the flagship newscast News broadcasting is the medium of broadcasting Broadcasting is the distribution of sound, audio or video content to a d ...
and KBS Newsline provided audiences with highlights and implications of the historic summit through comprehensive and analytical reports. Also, KBS World TV delivered Live Coverage of April 2018 Inter-Korean summit with English subtitles for its audiences across 117 countries worldwide. In 2019, as the public service broadcaster in South Korea, KBS undertook a major reform in its Disaster Broadcast System in order to provide exclusive emergency services for people in the country in times of emergency. To be headed by President and CEO of KBS, the renewed system will allow the use of maximum resources of the organization under emergency circumstances. Under the reform, KBS will focus on; swift and efficient emergency broadcast and coverage; to deliver essential information in innovative ways with the ultimate aim to minimise losses and damages; to strengthen its digital platforms to better serve a wide-ranging audience groups. In particular, KBS signed contracts with nine sign language interpreters in an effort to enhance broadcast services for audiences with disabilities. In addition, KBS is committed to improve its English subtitle services for people from overseas.


Structure

KBS is a public corporation (공사, 公社) funded by the
South Korean government The Government of South Korea is a centralized democratic republic with the three primary branches of government; executive, legislative and judicial. The president acts at the head of state and is the highest figure of authority in the country, f ...
and license fees, but is managed independently. As part of the
Constitution A constitution is an aggregate of fundamental principles A principle is a proposition or value that is a guide for behavior or evaluation. In law, it is a rule Rule or ruling may refer to: Human activity * The exercise of political ...
, the president of KBS is chosen by the
President of South Korea The President of the Republic of Korea (), also known as the President of South Korea, (often abbreviated to POTROK or POSK ), is the leader of the State CouncilState Council may refer to: Government * State Council of the Republic of Kor ...
, after being recommended by its board of directors. Political parties in South Korea also have the right to name members of the KBS board of directors. Because of this system, which gives politicians effective control over choosing the president of KBS, as well as its board of directors, people who are critical of the system cite political intervention in KBS's governance as reason for revising the current system of recruiting. In order to uphold and defend independence, KBS, since 2018, created a 'Public Advisory Group', as part of the selection process of new KBS President and CEO. New President and CEO of KBS is recommended by the KBS Board of Governors, once the selection process by the Group is completed. The Group examines Presidential candidates in the form of a presentation, a panel discussion, and an interview. New President and CEO of KBS will finally be appointed by the President of Republic of Korea, after going through the mandatory parliamentary audit by the National Assembly. Around 49% of KBS' revenue comes from a mandatory
television licence fee A television licence or broadcast receiving licence is a payment required in many countries for the reception of television broadcasts, or the possession of a television set where some broadcasts are funded in full or in part by the licence fee ...
of 2,500 won, with another 18.7% coming from commercial advertisement sales. In addition to 18 regional stations and 12 overseas branches, there are eight subsidiary companies such as KBSN, KBS Business and KBS Media, which manage KBS content.


CEOs


Channels


Terrestrial television

*
KBS1 KBS1 is South Korea's public television network. Its programming is generalist with a strong focus on highbrow and Korean-oriented programming, ranging from news and current affairs, cultural programming, sports coverage, entertainment series, ...
- KBS' flagship channel, it broadcasts news and current affairs, education, drama, sports, children's programming and culture. It launched in 1961 as HLKA-TV and is solely funded by the license fee, airing commercial-free. It is available nationally on channel 9, broadcasting via
digital terrestrial television Digital terrestrial television (DTTV or DTT, or DTTB with "broadcasting") is a technology for terrestrial television Terrestrial television is a type of television broadcasting Broadcasting is the distribution of sound, audio or video c ...
. KBS1 also airs public information films and minor entertainment programming, the majority of which is on KBS2. *
KBS2 KBS2 is a South Korean free-to-air Free-to-air (FTA) services are television Television (TV), sometimes shortened to tele or telly, is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), ...
- KBS' entertainment and drama channel, it was launched in 1980 as a replacement for the ''Tongyang Broadcasting Corporation'', which was controversially merged with KBS. It is available on digital channel 7 via
digital terrestrial television Digital terrestrial television (DTTV or DTT, or DTTB with "broadcasting") is a technology for terrestrial television Terrestrial television is a type of television broadcasting Broadcasting is the distribution of sound, audio or video c ...
. KBS2 also airs live sports coverage, children's programming, public information films and less news and current affairs programming, the majority of which is on KBS1. * KBS UHD - the Ultra High Definition channel, using the
ATSC 3.0 ATSC 3.0, also known by the moniker NextGen TV, is a major version of the ATSC standards Advanced Television Systems Committee (ATSC) standards are an American set of standards for digital television Digital television (DTV) is the transm ...
format. The channel airs music videos, plus re-runs of TV series and various programming. * KBS News D - 24-hour news channel, based on the broadcaster's own streaming news channel, KBS 24. Also serves as the country's emergency alert channel on ATSC 3.0. While KBS1 and KBS2 phased out analogue services on 31 December 2012 as part of the switchover to digital television in South Korea, it would appear that KBS1 is still unofficially broadcast in analog, presumably nearby the
DMZ A demilitarized zone (DMZ or DZ) is an area in which treaties or agreements between nations, military powers or contending groups forbid military installations, activities or personnel. A DMZ often lies along an established frontier or bounda ...

DMZ
, albeit using the SECAM D/K standard.


Cable and satellite television

* KBS N Life - A culture and drama channel, launched in 1995 as KBS Satellite 2. It was renamed as KBS Korea in 2002, renamed as KBS Prime in 2006 before becoming N Life. * KBS Drama - formerly KBS Sky Drama, launched in 2002 * KBS N Sports - formerly KBS Sports/KBS Sky Sports, launched in 2002 * KBS Joy - a comedy and quiz show channel that was launched in 2006 * KBS Kids - the children's channel, launched in 2012 * KBS W - a channel aimed at a female audience, launched in 2013 These six channels are carried by cable and satellite operators in South Korea. There are 100+ cable operators in South Korea, and
Skylife KT SkyLife (Korean Korean may refer to: People and culture * Koreans, an ethnic group originating in the Korean Peninsula * Korean cuisine * Korean culture * Korean language * Korean alphabet, or Hangul Places * Korean Peninsula, a peninsula ...
is the sole satellite television service provider. These channels are managed and operated by KBS N, a subsidiary company of KBS.


KBS World

KBS World is the international television and radio service of KBS. It was officially launched on 1 July 2003. It is broadcast on a 24-hour schedule with programs including news, sports, television dramas, entertainment, and children's. KBS World television is broadcast locally and around the world. As of July 2007, around 65% of its programs are broadcast with English subtitles, it is available in 32 countries, and reportedly more than 40 million households around the world can access KBS World. It has two overseas subsidiaries:
KBS America KBS America is an United States, American television channel operated by the U.S. subsidiary of Korean Broadcasting System, targeting Koreans in North and South America. Launched on October 6, 2005, it runs a broadcasting schedule separate from KB ...
and KBS Japan. KBS Japan is independently operated by a KBS subsidiary in Japan, and most programs are provided with Japanese subtitles. KBS World television is a television channel that mainly broadcasts programs commissioned for KBS' 2 terrestrial networks: KBS1 and
KBS2 KBS2 is a South Korean free-to-air Free-to-air (FTA) services are television Television (TV), sometimes shortened to tele or telly, is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), ...
. KBS World television is distributed over several international communication and broadcasting satellites such as IS-19, IS-20, IS-21, Measat 3, Apstar 6 & 7, Eutelsat Hotbird 13A, Galaxy 11, 18 & 23, Badr 6, Vinasat 1, Palapa D, SES 7, Telkom 1, Thaicom 5, EchoStar 15, Anik F3. Local cable and/or satellite operators receive the signal from one of these satellite and carry the signal to end subscribers of their own networks. KBS doesn't allow individual viewer to receive the signal from IS-19, IS-20, IS-21, Measat 3, Asiasat 5, and Galaxy 18. The signal from Badr 6 and Eutelsat Hotbird 13A is
Free-to-Air Free-to-air (FTA) services are television Television, sometimes shortened to TV or telly, is a telecommunication Media (communication), medium used for transmitting moving images in grayscale, black-and-white or in color, and in two or 3 ...
. KBS World TV commenced its serve via YouTube in 2007. The YouTube subscribers reached 10 million in May 2019, and recorded 13.5 million in July 2020. KBS World TV is also available on various social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and LINE. Its social media surpassed 20 million subscribers in April 2020. KBS Korea (previously KBS World 24), a spin-off channel of KBS World, is targeting at Koreans living overseas.


Radio

*
KBS Radio 1 KBS Radio 1 is a South Korean news, Talk radio, talk, sports and Culture, cultural radio channel of the Korean Broadcasting System. The network has a 24-hour broadcast dedicated to today's events reflecting Koreans. Radio 1's programs are heard n ...
(711 kHz /97.3 MHz KBS Radio Seoul) - news, current affairs, drama, documentary and culture. Launched in 1927 as Kyeongseong Broadcasting Corporation JODK and it became KBS Radio 1 in 1965. * KBS Radio 2 (603 kHz AM/106.1 MHz FM KBS Happy FM) - Popular music. Launched in 1948 as HLSA. *
KBS Radio 3 KBS Radio 3 (a.k.a. KBS Voice of Love FM) (Amplitude modulation, AM 1134 kHz/Frequency modulation, FM 104.9 MHz) is a national radio station for Disabilities, persons with disabilities, Elderly, the elderly, and social minorities. Owned ...
(1134 kHz AM/104.9 MHz FM KBS Voice of Love FM) - Launched in 1980 and ceased broadcasting in 1981. It was later replaced by KBS Radio 2's regional radio service and Educational FM (now
EBS FM Korea Educational Broadcasting System () or EBS is a South Korean educational public broadcaster and radio network covering South Korean territory, and the only major South Korean radio and television network without a separate regional service. ...
). Later re-launched in 2000 as a spin-off from KBS Radio 2. For the first time in 2010, it was launched on and restructured as a radio station for the disabled. *
KBS 1FM KBS Classic FM (also known as ''KBS 1FM'') is a South Korean radio network operated by the Korean Broadcasting System. Most of the schedule is assigned to classical music, making it one of the few radio networks in the world that broadcast mainly ...
(93.1 MHz Classic FM) - classical music and folk music. Launched in 1979 as KBS Stereo, adopted current name in 1980. *
KBS 2FM KBS Cool FM (Hangul : KBS 쿨FM)(also known as KBS 2FM Hangul : KBS 제2FM방송) is a 24-hour Hot AC music radio station of the Korean Broadcasting System. It plays mostly older K-pop Music from the 90s compared to KBS Radio 2, KBS Happy FM whi ...
(89.1 MHz/DMB CH 12B Cool FM) - popular music. Launched in 1966 as Radio Seoul Broadcasting (RSB), renamed as TBC-FM in the 1970s, renamed as KBS Radio 4 in 1980 after TBC-FM forced merger to KBS, then adopted current name in 2003. * KBS Hanminjok Radio (literal meaning: KBS Korean Nationality Radio) (6.015 MHz
shortwave Shortwave radio is radio Radio is the technology of signaling and communicating Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share") is the act of developing Semantics, meaning among Subject (philosophy), entities or Organiza ...

shortwave
and 1170 kHz
mediumwave Medium wave (MW) is the part of the medium frequency (MF) radio band used mainly for AM broadcasting, AM radio broadcasting. The spectrum provides about 120 channels with limited sound quality. During daytime, only local stations can be received ...
) - launched in 1975 as KBS Third Programme *
KBS World Radio KBS World Radio (Korean Korean may refer to: People and culture * Koreans, an ethnic group originating in the Korean Peninsula * Korean cuisine * Korean culture * Korean language * Korean alphabet, or Hangul Places * Korean Peninsula, a penins ...
- the South Korean international radio service, funded directly by the government.


Branding logo

File:KBS logo (1961-1973).svg, First KBS logo (from 1961 until 1 March 1973) File:KBS logo (1973-1984).svg, Second KBS logo (from 2 March 1973 until 28 October 1984) File:Korean Broadcasting System-text only.svg, Third and current KBS text logo (29 October 1984 to present) File:Korean Broadcasting System.svg, Third and current KBS logo (15 August 1985 to present)


Programmes


Foreign partners


Americas


Europe


Asia


Oceania


Operational status


Headquarters

KBS carried out a large-scale organizational reform on 1 March 2019. The focus of the reform is to; further strengthen the KBS' capabilities of content creation; enhance the organization's digital work flow; and improve audience services. As part of the new strategy, KBS created Content Production 2 Division, a new integral body, responsible for a highly efficient operation of production, marketing, as well as content businesses. The new division ultimately aims to bring outstanding dramas and entertainment programming by boosting creative nature of the production function, and minimizing its decision-making process. The new reform strategy introduced Public Service Media Strategy team under Strategy and Planning Division. Public Service Media Strategy is mainly responsible for developing KBS' digital strategies for different audiences to enjoy KBS content via assorted digital media platforms. The reform brought changes in Programming Division as Digital Media department has further expanded its roles under the division. Digital News department attached to News and Sports Division has also strengthened its functions in line with the recent reform initiative. Another significant change in the reform is that new 'Audience Relations Center' has become an executive department, to be operated directly by KBS President and CEO. The Audience Relations Center will dedicate its resources to further enhance audience services, and create more opportunities for audiences to take part in various initiatives developed by KBS. And Local Stations Management has been reorganized to be supervised under KBS Executive Vice President, as KBS has a plan to build a regional broadcasting system in response to a growing demand for greater regional autonomy. * President * Board of Directors ** Board of Directors Secretariat * Executive Vice president ** Human Resources office ** Program Review office ** Gender Equality Centre ** Audience Relations Centre ** Inter-Korean Broadcasting Corporation ** Local Stations Management * Auditor General ** Audit office * Strategy & Planning offices ** Strategy & Planning office ** Budget & Investment office ** External Affairs office ** Public Media Institute ** Media Technology Research Institute * Programming offices ** Programming Strategy office ** Programming office ** Digital Media office ** KBS World office ** Announcers office ** Camera office * News & Sports offices ** Integrated news room *** Politics & International News office *** Economy News office *** Social Affairs News office *** Broadcasting News office *** Digital News office *** News Footage & Archive office ** News Commentators office ** Current Affairs office ** Sports News office * Content Production 1 offices ** Current Affairs & Cultural Programs 1 ** Current Affairs & Cultural Programs 2 ** Program Commissioning * Radio Center ** Radio Programming & Planning ** Radio 1 * Content Production 2 offices ** Entertainment Content Center ** Content Business office ** Advertisement office ** Integrated Events Management office * Drama Center ** Drama CP Group * Technology offices ** Technology Management office ** Media Infrastructure office ** Broadcasting Network office *** Media Platform office * Production Technology offices ** TV Production Technology office ** News Production Technology office ** Outside Broadcasting Technology office ** Radio Production Technology office * Management offices ** Management & Administration office ** License Fee office ** Management IT office ** Asset Management office ** Facility Management office


Controversies

KBS, as one of Korea's oldest broadcasters, had more controversies than
SBS SBS may refer to: Banking *SBS Bank, New Zealand Broadcasting *SBS Broadcasting Group, Belgium, formerly many countries *Talpa TV, formerly SBS Broadcasting B.V., Netherlands **SBS6, Dutch television channel **SBS9, Dutch television channel *Spe ...
and MBC. It also earned nicknames such as ''Soonkyu Bangsong ''and ''The Department of Last Resort''.


1980 – Forced merger of KBS with private broadcasters

During the
Chun Doo-hwan Chun Doo-hwan (; or ; born 6 March 1931) is a former South Korean politician and army general who served as the President of South Korea from 1980 to 1988. From December 1979 to September 1980, he was the country's ''de facto'' leader, rulin ...

Chun Doo-hwan
regime of the eighties, the president passed a law to force several public broadcasters to merge with the public-run KBS. After these broadcasters had shown news stories against Chun, he used this law to stifle their criticism of him. It included: *
Tongyang Broadcasting Corporation Tongyang Broadcasting Company (TBC, 1964-1980) was a South Korean commercial television station which was merged by the government with Korean Broadcasting System, KBS. It was owned by the Samsung Group founder Lee Byung-chul.Understanding Modern ...
(TBC) * Donga Broadcasting System (DBS) * Seohae Broadcasting Corporation (SBC) * Jeonil Broadcasting Corporation (VOC) * Hanguk-FM
Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC; ) is one of the leading Television in South Korea, South Korean television and radio network companies. ''Munhwa'' is the Sino-Korean vocabulary, Sino-Korean word for "culture". Its flagship terrestrial te ...
(MBC) was also affected. MBC was, at first, a federation of 20 loosely affiliated member stations located in various parts of Korea. Although they shared much of their programming, each member station was privately owned. After the consolidation, however, affiliates were forced to give up a majority of shares to the MBC based in Seoul. MBC Seoul, in turn, was forced to give up their majority of its shares to KBS.


Consequences

* TBC television became
KBS2 KBS2 is a South Korean free-to-air Free-to-air (FTA) services are television Television (TV), sometimes shortened to tele or telly, is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), ...
, and TBC Radio was split into two and became
KBS 2FM KBS Cool FM (Hangul : KBS 쿨FM)(also known as KBS 2FM Hangul : KBS 제2FM방송) is a 24-hour Hot AC music radio station of the Korean Broadcasting System. It plays mostly older K-pop Music from the 90s compared to KBS Radio 2, KBS Happy FM whi ...

KBS 2FM
and
KBS Radio 3 KBS Radio 3 (a.k.a. KBS Voice of Love FM) (Amplitude modulation, AM 1134 kHz/Frequency modulation, FM 104.9 MHz) is a national radio station for Disabilities, persons with disabilities, Elderly, the elderly, and social minorities. Owned ...
. * DBS became the now-defunct KBS Radio Seoul. The frequency is now used by
SBS Love FM SBS Love FM (Hangul : SBS 러브FM also known as ''SBS Love FM'') is a trot (music), trot music, K-Pop, K-Pop music and News radio station of the Seoul Broadcasting System. The station is heard nationwide via syndication with only one local FM st ...

SBS Love FM
. * SBC became KBS Gunsan, now known as KBS Radio 3 Jeonju. * VOC became KBS Radio 3 Gwangju * Hanguk-FM became KBS-Daegu-FM. In 2009, president
Lee Myung-bak Lee Myung-bak (; ; ; born 19 December 1941) is a former South Korean businessman and politician who served as the tenth president of South Korea The President of the Republic of Korea (), also known as the President of South Korea, (often a ...

Lee Myung-bak
said that the law was unconstitutional, and in 2011 TBC and DBS were revived as
JTBC The Joongang Tongyang Broadcasting Company (JTBC) (; stylized as jtbc) is a South Korean nationwide pay television network A television network or broadcaster is a telecommunications network A telecommunications network is a group of nod ...
and Channel A respectively.


2011 – Wiretapping scandal at TV license fee meeting

In 2011, Sohn Hak-kyu, the chairman of the opposition Democratic Party, accused KBS of wiretapping the party's closed-door meeting on TV subscription charges. Sohn said, "We believe the firm bugged the meeting to secure information about our party's handling of the TV subscription policy. KBS should admit that it resorted to the deplorable method of gathering information." The ruling Grand National Party initially sought to put a bill concerning the TV subscription charge to a vote. However, it failed to do so amid strong opposition from the Democrats. The National Assembly's subcommittee on culture, tourism, broadcasting and communication, was scheduled to deliberate on 28 June 2011, but the meeting was cancelled due to the Democrats' protest. The scandal erupted on 23 June when Han Sun-kyo, chairman of the parliamentary subcommittee, criticized the Democrats' opposition to increasing the TV subscription charge during a subcommittee meeting. The GNP lawmakers eventually approved a bill raising the charge by 1,000 won to 3,500 won at a subcommittee meeting in the absence of Democrat lawmakers. That led to a Democrat boycott of a June extraordinary parliamentary session for half a day on 21 June 2011.


2011 – Praising Chinilpa

Bak Han-yong (박한용), head of the Institute for Research in Collaborationist Activities, criticized KBS for censoring negative remarks from a documentary about
Chinilpa ''Chinilpa'' ( ko, 친일파, lit. "pro-Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat = Imperial Seal of Japan.svg , alt ...
individuals, and Rhee Syngman, who had pardoned them. This includes the Chinilpa
Paik Sun-yup Paik Sun-yup (; November 23, 1920 – July 10, 2020) was a South Korean military The Republic of Korea Armed Forces (, ), also known as the ROK Armed Forces, are the armed forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, ...
.


2012 – KBS journalists strikes and ''Reset KBS News 9''

The journalists working for KBS (along with MBC,
SBS SBS may refer to: Banking *SBS Bank, New Zealand Broadcasting *SBS Broadcasting Group, Belgium, formerly many countries *Talpa TV, formerly SBS Broadcasting B.V., Netherlands **SBS6, Dutch television channel **SBS9, Dutch television channel *Spe ...
and
YTN YTN () is the first 24-hour Korean news channel to be broadcast throughout South Korea South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korea, Korean Peninsula and sh ...
) have protested against the biased journalism practices that favor the
Lee Myung-bak government The Lee Myung-bak government (, Revised Romanization, RR: ''I Myeong-bak Jeongbu'') was the fifth government of the Sixth Republic of South Korea. It took office on 25 February 2008 after Lee Myung-bak's victory in the 2007 South Korean presidential ...
. The new union for KBS headed by Kim Hyeon-seok released a video clip "Reset KBS News 9" (리셋 KBS 뉴스9) on the internet that discusses the
Prime Minister's Office Civilian Surveillance Incident The South Korean illegal surveillance incident ( ko, 민간인 불법사찰 사건, or ''illegal civilian surveillance incident'') was alleged to have occurred in 2010 when the Civil Service Ethics Division (공직윤리지원관실) under the List ...
and the controversial money-spending on renovating President
Lee Myung-bak Lee Myung-bak (; ; ; born 19 December 1941) is a former South Korean businessman and politician who served as the tenth president of South Korea The President of the Republic of Korea (), also known as the President of South Korea, (often a ...

Lee Myung-bak
's alleged birth house on 13 March 2012.


2013 – ''You Are The Best!'' name controversy

Global Youth League DN filed an
injunction An injunction is a legal Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified whole. A system, surrounded and influenced by its environment ...
at Seoul Central District Court against KBS for using the name "Lee Soon-shin" in the title of the drama. The injunction requested KBS to (1) immediately stop the broadcast, (2) remove "Lee Soon-shin" from the title, and (3) change the name of one of its characters. The group claimed that historical figure Lee Soon-shin (or
Yi Sun-sin Admiral Yi Sun-sin (; April 28, 1545 – December 16, 1598) was a admiral and military general famed for his victories against the Japanese navy during the in the . Yi has since been celebrated as a national hero in Korea. Over the course o ...
), an admiral famed for his victories against the Japanese Navy in the
Imjin War The Imjin River ( in South Korea) or Rimjin River ( in North Korea) is the 7th largest river in Korea Korea (officially the "Korean Peninsula") is a region in East Asia. Since 1945 it has been Division of Korea, divided into the two parts ...
during the
Joseon Dynasty Joseon (also transcribed as Chosŏn, ko, 대조선국; 大朝鮮國, ) was a Korean dynastic kingdom that lasted for approximately five centuries. It was the last dynastic kingdom of Korea. It was founded by Yi Seong-gye in July 1392 and repl ...
, is an official national symbol whose status will "deteriorate" when associated with the "weak and clumsy" protagonist that lead actress IU plays. KBS and production company
AStory AStory () is a Korean drama Korean dramas (), more popularly known as K-dramas, are television series upright=1.35, A live television show set and cameras A television show – or simply TV show – is any content produced for viewing on a ...
responded that they had no plans of changing the title or character name. Instead, they altered the original drama poster where several cast members are sitting on a pile of that have an image of Admiral Yi, by digitally replacing the coins with a plain gold platform.


2014 – 1st KBS strike against pro-government bias of its president

In early May 2014, Gil Hwan-young removed the KBS news chief after alleged improper remarks over the sinking of the ferry ''Sewol''. The chief then accused Gil of interference with news editing, with an alleged pro-government bias. After the board postponed a decision on whether or not to dismiss Gil, two of the broadcaster's largest unions went on strike. As a result of the boycott, most of the broadcaster's news output was affected. The hour-long
KBS News 9 ''KBS Nine O'Clock News'' (Also known as ''KBS News 9'' (''KBS 뉴스9'' in Korean)) is the flagship newscast News broadcasting is the medium of broadcasting Broadcasting is the distribution of sound, audio or video content to a d ...
ran for just 20 minutes, and during local elections on 4 June 2014, KBS was unable to send reporters to interview candidates. The strike ended after the board of directors voted to dismiss Gil. The board passed a motion on 5 June 2014 demanding the discharge of President Gil. The majority vote decision was sent to be approved by the country's president
Park Geun-hye Park Geun-hye (; ; often in English ; born 2 February 1952) is a former South Korean politician who served as President of South Korea from 2013 until 2017 when she was impeached and later convicted on related corruption charges. Park was the fi ...

Park Geun-hye
, who has the power to appoint the broadcaster's head.


2017 – 2nd KBS strike against pro-government bias of its president

In August 2017, KBS union decided to hold a strike, which began on 4 September, due to allegedly influencing news coverage to be in favor of former president
Park Geun-hye Park Geun-hye (; ; often in English ; born 2 February 1952) is a former South Korean politician who served as President of South Korea from 2013 until 2017 when she was impeached and later convicted on related corruption charges. Park was the fi ...

Park Geun-hye
's administration. As a result of the boycott, there has been a severe reduction in the airing of KBS news programs, culture programs, radio shows, and variety shows due to most staff members taking part in the strike. During its strike, the 2017
KBS Entertainment Awards The KBS Entertainment Awards () is an event held yearly and is sponsored by KBS KBS may refer to: Places *KBS Tuff, Kenyan archaeological site *Kellogg Biological Station *Kent Business School, University of Kent, UK Radio and television *Kans ...
was cancelled. After 141 days, the strike was over when the broadcasting company's board of directors approved the dismissal of KBS president Ko Dae-young.


See also

*
Educational Broadcasting System Korea Educational Broadcasting System () or EBS is a South Korean educational public broadcaster and radio network covering South Korean territory, and the only major South Korean radio and television network without a separate regional service. ...
*
Index of Korea-related articles This is a list of articles on Korea Korea (officially the "Korean Peninsula") is a region in East Asia. Since 1945 it has been Division of Korea, divided into the two parts which soon became the two sovereign states: North Korea (officially t ...
*
KBS World Radio KBS World Radio (Korean Korean may refer to: People and culture * Koreans, an ethnic group originating in the Korean Peninsula * Korean cuisine * Korean culture * Korean language * Korean alphabet, or Hangul Places * Korean Peninsula, a penins ...
* KBS World (United States) (KBS America) * KBS World Canada * KBS Symphony Orchestra *
KBS Hall KBS Hall is a concert hall in the Korean Broadcasting System Korean may refer to: People and culture * Koreans, an ethnic group originating in the Korean Peninsula * Korean cuisine * Korean culture * Korean language * Korean alphabet, or Hangul ...
* List of South Korean broadcasting networks *
Korean Central Television Korean Central Television (KCTV; ) is a television service operated by the Korean Central Broadcasting Committee, a state-owned broadcaster in North Korea. History KCTV was established on 1 September 1953 as Pyongyang Television after th ...
(equivalent in
North Korea North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. It borders China and Russia to the north, at the Yalu River, Yalu (Amnok) and Tu ...
)


References


External links


Recent Korean Drama
- Watch Asian Dramas with English Subtitles
KBS.co.kr
- official KBS Website
World.KBS.co.kr
- official KBS World website
KBS America
{{coord, 37.52538, 126.916361, type:landmark, display=title Mass media companies of South Korea Korean-language television stations Publicly funded broadcasters Television networks in South Korea Mass media companies established in 1927 Radio stations established in 1927 Television channels and stations established in 1961 1927 establishments in Korea