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Kiliya ( uk|Кілія|translit=Kiliia; russian: Килия; ro|Chilia Nouă, Moldovan Cyrillic: Килия Ноуэ; pl|Kilia; , ''Kellía''; tr|Kilya) is a small city in Odessa Oblast (province) of southwestern Ukraine. It is located in the Danube Delta, in the Bessarabian historic district of Budjak. The Chilia branch of the Danube river, which separates Ukraine from Romania, is named after Kiliya. Population:

History

A town on the Romanian side of the Chilia branch of the Danube, known as ''Chilia Veche'' ( uk|Cтapa Кілія, translit. ''Stara Kiliya'') or "Older Chilia", was founded by the Greek Byzantines - κελλία, ''kellia'' in Greek being the equivalent of "granaries", a name first recorded in 1241, in the works of the Persian chronicler Rashid-al-Din Hamadani. Kiliya is therefore sometimes referred to as ''Nova Kiliya'' (russian: Ново Килия, uk|Нова Кілія, translit. ''Novo Kiliya'', Romanian: Chilia Nouă), or "New Kiliya". In the place that is now Kiliya, existed a large colony established by the Republic of Genoa, known as "Licostomo" and headed by a consul (a representative of the Republic in the region). From that time, only the defensive ditches of a Genoese fortress remained. The city of Kiliya was founded by Stephen the Great of Moldavia, in order to counteract the Ottoman Empire which had taken control over Chilia Veche in the 15th century. It was a major Moldavian port. However, it was eventually conquered by the Ottomans in 1484, who kept it until 1790, when it was taken by Russian army under the command of the general Ivan Gudovich during Russo-Turkish War (1787–1792). The ''Times'' of London reported that "35,000 of the inhabitants were involved in a general massacre," an incident that had "been celebrated in prose and poetry." "The Seat of War on the Danube," ''The Times,'' December 29, page 8
/ref> The city was given back to the Ottomans in 1792, but retaken by the Russians in 1806 and awarded to them officially in 1812. After being bombarded by the Anglo-French fleet in July 1854 during the Crimean War, it was given to Romania in the Treaty of Paris (1856). In 1878, Kiliya was transferred back to Russia together with Budjak. Between 1918 and 1940 it was again part of Romania, then integrated in the Soviet Union and the Ukrainian SSR (it was briefly held yet again by Romania, from 1941 to 1944, during World War II), and passed on to independent Ukraine after the Soviet downfall. The oldest building in Kiliya is the semi-subterranean church of St. Nicholas, which may go back to 1485, although an old inscription in the church claims that it was founded on 10 May 1647.

Notable residents

*Igor Nesterenko (born 1990), Israeli-Ukrainian basketball player in the Israel Basketball Premier League

Gallery

File:Собор вночі.jpg|Intercession of the Theotokos Church File:В современности.jpg|St. Nicholas Church File:Покровська (старообрядницька) церква - купол, Кілія.JPG|Skyline of Kiliya from one of the churches File:Kherson-28102009(092).jpg|Tombstone in Kherson of soldier fallen in the siege of Kiliya File:Kherson-28102009(093).jpg|Tombstone in Kherson of soldier fallen in the siege of Kiliya File:Stamp of Moldova 207.gif|Kiliya Fortress


References


{{coord|45|27|N|29|16|E|display=title|region:UA_type:city_source:GNS-enwiki Category:Cities in Odessa Oblast Category:Castles in Ukraine Category:Castles in Moldavia Category:Territories of the Republic of Genoa Category:Populated places on the Danube Category:Romania–Ukraine border crossings Category:Port cities and towns in Ukraine Category:Port cities of the Black Sea Category:Cities of district significance in Ukraine Category:Ismail County Category:Izmailsky Uyezd Category:Izmail Raion