Kiliya ( uk|Кілія|translit=Kiliia; russian: Килия; ro|Chilia Nouă, Moldovan Cyrillic
: Килия Ноуэ; pl|Kilia; , ''Kellía''; tr|Kilya) is a small city
in Odessa Oblast
) of southwestern Ukraine
. It is located in the Danube Delta
, in the Bessarabia
n historic district of Budjak
. The Chilia branch
of the Danube
river, which separates Ukraine from Romania
, is named after Kiliya. Population:
A town on the Romanian side of the Chilia branch of the Danube, known as ''Chilia Veche
'' ( uk|Cтapa Кілія, translit.
''Stara Kiliya'') or "Older Chilia", was founded by the Greek Byzantines
- κελλία, ''kellia'' in Greek
being the equivalent of "granaries", a name first recorded in 1241, in the works of the Persian chronicler Rashid-al-Din Hamadani
Kiliya is therefore sometimes referred to as ''Nova Kiliya'' (russian: Ново Килия, uk|Нова Кілія, translit.
''Novo Kiliya'', Romanian
: Chilia Nouă), or "New Kiliya".
In the place that is now Kiliya, existed a large colony established by the Republic of Genoa
, known as "Licostomo" and headed by a consul (a representative of the Republic in the region). From that time, only the defensive ditches of a Genoese fortress remained.
The city of Kiliya was founded by Stephen the Great
, in order to counteract the Ottoman Empire
which had taken control over Chilia Veche
in the 15th century. It was a major Moldavia
n port. However, it was eventually conquered by the Ottomans in 1484, who kept it until 1790, when it was taken by Russian
army under the command of the general Ivan Gudovich
during Russo-Turkish War (1787–1792)
. The ''Times'' of London reported that "35,000 of the inhabitants were involved in a general massacre," an incident that had "been celebrated in prose and poetry."
"The Seat of War on the Danube," ''The Times,'' December 29, page 8
/ref> The city was given back to the Ottomans in 1792, but retaken by the Russians in 1806 and awarded to them officially in 1812.
After being bombarded by the Anglo-French fleet in July 1854 during the Crimean War, it was given to Romania in the Treaty of Paris (1856). In 1878, Kiliya was transferred back to Russia together with Budjak. Between 1918 and 1940 it was again part of Romania, then integrated in the Soviet Union and the Ukrainian SSR (it was briefly held yet again by Romania, from 1941 to 1944, during World War II), and passed on to independent Ukraine after the Soviet downfall.
The oldest building in Kiliya is the semi-subterranean church of St. Nicholas, which may go back to 1485, although an old inscription in the church claims that it was founded on 10 May 1647.
*Igor Nesterenko (born 1990), Israeli-Ukrainian basketball player in the Israel Basketball Premier League
File:Собор вночі.jpg|Intercession of the Theotokos Church
File:В современности.jpg|St. Nicholas Church
File:Покровська (старообрядницька) церква - купол, Кілія.JPG|Skyline of Kiliya from one of the churches
File:Kherson-28102009(092).jpg|Tombstone in Kherson of soldier fallen in the siege of Kiliya
File:Kherson-28102009(093).jpg|Tombstone in Kherson of soldier fallen in the siege of Kiliya
File:Stamp of Moldova 207.gif|Kiliya Fortress
Category:Cities in Odessa Oblast
Category:Castles in Ukraine
Category:Castles in Moldavia
Category:Territories of the Republic of Genoa
Category:Populated places on the Danube
Category:Romania–Ukraine border crossings
Category:Port cities and towns in Ukraine
Category:Port cities of the Black Sea
Category:Cities of district significance in Ukraine