Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa ( ar| خليفة بن سلمان آل خليفة) (20 November 1935 – 11 November 2020) was a Bahraini royal and politician who had served as the Prime Minister of Bahrain from 10 January 1970 until his death on 11 November 2020, having taken office over a year before Bahrain's independence on 15 August 1971. He was the longest-serving Prime Minister of any government in the world. Under the 2002 Constitution he lost some of his powers, with the King now having the authority to appoint and (along with the Bahraini parliament) dismiss ministers. He was also the paternal uncle of the reigning King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa and grand-uncle of the Crown Prince Salman, since he was the younger brother of the previous Emir Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa.

Early life and education

Prince Khalifa was born on 24 November 1935, the second son of Salman ibn Hamad Al Khalifa, Hakim of Bahrain, and his wife Mouza bint Hamad Al Khalifa. He was educated at Manama High School and the Rifa’a Palace School in Bahrain.


Prince Khalifa was a member of the education council from 1956 to 1958 and chair between 1958 and 1961. Next he became the director of the finance department (1961–1966), president of the electricity board (1961), chair of the Manama municipal council (1962–1967), head of the Bahrain monetary council (1964), chair of the joint committee for economic and financial studies, committee member for the register of commerce, then chairman of the administrative affairs council (1967–1969), became board member of the Bahrain monetary agency and then chairperson of the State Council (1972–1974), head of the State Council (1972), and head of the supreme defence council (1977). Prince Khalifa was appointed as prime minister by his brother Emir Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa, in 1971. Therefore, he was assigned the control of government and economy, while his brother, the Emir, was involved in diplomatic and ceremonial affairs. Prince Khalifa received a World Peace Culture Award on 6 August 2017. Prince Khalifa is the founder of the Housing Ministry, and he reformed the Central Bank of Bahrain. During his premiership he was the head of the Oil and Economic Policy Council.


In 2011, reporter Bill Law stated that Prince Khalifa was a hardliner, whereas Crown Prince Salman, his grandnephew who is also deputy prime minister, was a reformer and the King was somewhere in the middle of the two.

Marriage and children

Prince Khalifa married his cousin Hessa bint Ali Al Khalifa, the fourth daughter of Ali bin Hamad Al Khalifa in Muharraq. They had three sons and one daughter: * Mohammad bin Khalifa Al Khalifa (-1974). * Ali bin Khalifa Al Khalifa – Deputy Prime Minister. He married Zayn bint Khalid Al Khalifa with whom he has three sons and one daughter: ** Khalifa bin Ali Al Khalifa ** Isa bin Ali Al Khalifa ** Minwa bint Ali Al Khalifa ** Khalid bin Ali Al Khalifa * Salman bin Khalifa Al Khalifa * Lulwa bint Khalifa Al Khalifa – honorary president of the Al Noor beneficence society. She married Rashid bin Khalifa Al Khalifa (1952-), artist and patron of the arts. They have four sons and three daughters. ** Noor bint Rashid Al Khalifa ** Khalifa bin Rashid Al Khalifa ** Hassa bint Rashid Al Khalifa ** Abdulla bin Rashid Al Khalifa ** Aysha bint Rashid Al Khalifa ** Mohammed bin khlaifa Al Khalifa


Shaikh Khalifa Bin Salman Al Khalifa experienced various health problems. In September 2019 he went to Germany for treatment, and returned to Bahrain in March 2020. He headed the cabinet last time in July 2020 and went to the US for treatment in August 2020. Shaikh Khalifa Bin Salman Al Khalifa died at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota on 11 November 2020 at the age of 84, 9 days before his 85th Birthday. Serving 50 years and 11 months in office he was the world's longest serving prime minister in history at the time of his death.


* : Honorary Grand Commander of the Order of the Defender of the Realm (SMN, 30 January 2001) * : Order of Sikatuna (7 November 2001) * : Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic (4 December 1981)

See also

*Cabinet of Bahrain


External links

Khalifa's biography
nbsp;– official website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Bahrain
nbsp;– website about Khalifa and his family) * {{DEFAULTSORT:Khalifa, Khalifa Al Category:1935 births Category:2020 deaths Category:Commanders First Class of the Order of the Dannebrog Category:Grand Collars of the Order of Lakandula Category:Grand Collars of the Order of Sikatuna Category:Grand Officers of the National Order of the Cedar Category:Grand Officiers of the Légion d'honneur Category:Honorary Grand Commanders of the Order of the Defender of the Realm Khalifa Category:Knights Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic Category:People of the Bahraini uprising of 2011 Category:Prime Ministers of Bahrain