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Kelheim () is a town and municipality in
Bavaria Bavaria (; German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of Germany, see also German nationality law * German language ...

Bavaria
,
Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin Berlin (; ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,769,495 inh ...

Germany
. It is the capital of the district Kelheim and is situated at the confluence of the rivers
Altmühl The Altmühl ( la, Alchmona, Alcmana, Almonus)
s.v. is a river in
and
Danube The Danube ( ; ) is the List of rivers of Europe#Longest rivers, second-longest river in Europe, after the Volga in Russia. It flows through much of Central Europe, Central and Southeastern Europe, from the Black Forest into the Black Sea. It ...

Danube
. Kelheim has a population of around 15,750.


History

Kelheim is the site of a large
Iron Age The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age division of the prehistory Prehistory, also known as pre-literary history, is the period of human history Human history, or world history, is the narrative of Human, humanity's pa ...
oppidum An ''oppidum'' (plural ''oppida'') is a large fortified Iron Age The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age system, three-age division of the prehistory and protohistory of Homo sapiens, humanity. It was preceded by the Stone Age (Pal ...

oppidum
from the La Tène period, which has been tentatively identified with the
Celt The Celts (, see Names of the Celts#Pronunciation, pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) are. "CELTS location: Greater Europe time period: Second millennium B.C.E. to present ancestry: Celtic a collection of Indo-European languages, ...

Celt
ic city of
Alcimoennis ''Alcimoennis'' (aka ''Alkimoennis'') is the name widely attached to a Celtic ''Oppidum'', or hill fort above the modern town of Kelheim in Bavaria, Germany. The name comes from Ptolemy, who in his ''Geography (Ptolemy), Geography'', only mentio ...
mentioned by
Ptolemy Claudius Ptolemy (; grc-koi, Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος, , ; la, Claudius Ptolemaeus; AD) was a mathematician A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics Mathematics (from Greek: ) includes ...
in his ''
Geography Geography (from Ancient Greek, Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of the Earth and Solar System, planets. The first person t ...
''. The ramparts of the fort cross the promontory between the rivers
Altmühl The Altmühl ( la, Alchmona, Alcmana, Almonus)
s.v. is a river in
and
Danube The Danube ( ; ) is the List of rivers of Europe#Longest rivers, second-longest river in Europe, after the Volga in Russia. It flows through much of Central Europe, Central and Southeastern Europe, from the Black Forest into the Black Sea. It ...

Danube
. There is an inner defensive line enclosing 60 near the confluence, then a long outer rampart enclosing an enormous area of 630 . A small promontory fort on the other bank of the
Danube The Danube ( ; ) is the List of rivers of Europe#Longest rivers, second-longest river in Europe, after the Volga in Russia. It flows through much of Central Europe, Central and Southeastern Europe, from the Black Forest into the Black Sea. It ...

Danube
has a series of short linear ramparts protecting a settlement in the bend of a
meander A meander is one of a series of regular sinuous curves in the channel of a river or other watercourse. It is produced as a watercourse erodes the sediment Sediment is a naturally occurring material that is broken down by processes of weath ...

meander
. This is aligned with the end of the outer rampart on the far bank, dominating traffic on the river. Kelheim has given its name to the ''
pfostenschlitzmauer (German for "post-slot wall") is the name for defensive wall A defensive wall is a fortification A fortification is a military construction or building designed for the defense of territories in warfare, and is also used to establish ...
'' style of rampart construction characterized by vertical wooden posts set into the stone facing. Kelheim was first mentioned in the 9th century. At this time it was the seat of a count (
Graf (feminine: ) is a historical title A title is one or more words used before or after a person's name, in certain contexts. It may signify either generation, an official position, or a professional or academic qualification. In some language ...

Graf
). According to tradition of
Braunau in Rohr AbbeyBraunau in Rohr Abbey (Kloster Braunau in Rohr) is a Benedictine The Benedictines, officially the Order of Saint Benedict ( la, Ordo Sancti Benedicti, abbreviated as OSB), are a Christian monasticism, monastic Religious order (Catholic), religi ...
, Kelheim received borough rights in 1151. G. Schneider & Sohn has a large
weissbier Wheat beer is a top-fermented Brewing is the production of beer by steeping a starch source (commonly cereal grains, the most popular of which is barley) in water and #Fermenting, fermenting the resulting sweet liquid with Yeast#Beer, y ...
brewery in the city.


Culture and sights

*
Hall of Liberation The Befreiungshalle (''"Hall of Liberation"'', ) is a neoclassical architecture, neoclassical monument on the Michelsberg hill above the town of Kelheim in Bavaria, Germany. It stands upstream of Regensburg on the river Danube at the confluence o ...
on the Michelsberg (built by
Leo von Klenze Leo von Klenze (Franz Karl Leopold von Klenze; 29 February 1784, Buchladen (Bockelah / Bocla) near Schladen – 26 January 1864, Munich) was a German Neoclassicism, neoclassicist architect, painter and writer. Court architect of Bavarian King ...

Leo von Klenze
) * Danube Gorge and
Weltenburg Abbey Weltenburg Abbey (Kloster Weltenburg) is a Benedictine order, Benedictine monastery in Weltenburg near Kelheim on the Danube in Bavaria, Germany. Geography The abbey is situated on a peninsula in the Danube, in a section of the river valley ca ...
, valley, and Klösterl (Trauntal monastery) * Kelheim is the home of the G. Schneider & Sohn brewing company.


Born in Kelheim

*
Otto I, Duke of Bavaria Otto I (1117 – 11 July 1183), called the Redhead (german: der Rotkopf), was Duke of Bavaria Bavaria (; German language, German and Bavarian language, Bavarian: ''Bayern'' ), officially the Free State of Bavaria (German and Bavarian: ''Freis ...
(c. 1117-1183), Duke of Bavaria *
Louis I, Duke of Bavaria Louis I (german: Ludwig; 23 December 1173 – 15 September 1231), called the Kelheimer or of Kelheim, since he was born and died at Kelheim Kelheim () is a town and municipality in Bavaria, Germany. It is the capital of the Kelheim (distr ...
(1173-1231), Duke of Bavaria *
Otto II, Duke of Bavaria Otto II of Bavaria (german: Otto II der Erlauchte, Herzog von Bayern, Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, 7 April 1206 in Kelheim – 29 November 1253) known as Otto the Illustrious was the Duke of Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine (see Electorate of the ...
(1206-1253), Duke of Bavaria *
Albert II, Duke of Bavaria Kelheim360.de
- Virtual 360° Panoramic Tour of old Town Kelheim Kelheim (district) Populated places on the Danube Towns in Bavaria {{Kelheimdistrict-geo-stub