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Katherine Anne Porter (May 15, 1890 – September 18, 1980) was an American journalist, essayist, short story writer, novelist, and political activist. Her 1962 novel ''
Ship of Fools #REDIRECT Ship of fools Image:Narrenschiff (1549).jpg, The ship of fools, depicted in a 1549 German woodcut The ship of fools is an allegory, originating from Book VI of Plato's ''Republic (Plato), Republic'', about a ship with a dysfunctional c ...
'' was the best-selling novel in America that year, but her
short stories A short story is a piece of prose fiction that typically can be read in one sitting and focuses on a self-contained incident or series of linked incidents, with the intent of evoking a single effect or mood. The short story is one of the oldest ty ...
received much more critical acclaim.


Biography

Katherine Anne Porter was born in
Indian Creek, Texas Indian Creek is an unincorporated community File:Entering Heinola, Minnesota.jpg, Sign at Heinola, Minnesota, Heinola, an unincorporated community in Otter Tail County, Minnesota An unincorporated area is a region not governed by a local municip ...
as Callie Russell Porter to Harrison Boone Porter and Mary Alice (Jones) Porter. Although her father claimed maternal descent from American frontiersman
Daniel Boone Daniel Boone (September 26, 1820) was an American pioneer 300px, American pioneers building the flatboat ''Adventure galley '' at Sumrill's Ferry on the Youghiogheny River during March 1788. American pioneers were European Americans, Europea ...

Daniel Boone
, Porter herself altered this alleged descent to be from Boone's brother Jonathan as "the record of his descendants was obscure, so that no-one could contradict her.” This relationship was unfounded. Porter was enthusiastic about her own genealogy and family history, and spent years constructing a "quasi-official" version of her ancestry alleging descent from a companion of
William the Conqueror William I (c. 1028Bates ''William the Conqueror'' p. 33 – 9 September 1087), usually known as William the Conqueror and sometimes William the Bastard, was the first House of Normandy, Norman List of English monarchs, monarch of Engl ...

William the Conqueror
, although "most of the genealogical connections she boasted did not exist." The writer
O. Henry William Sydney Porter (September 11, 1862 – June 5, 1910), better known by his pen name O. Henry, was an American short story writer. Porter was born in Greensboro, North Carolina Greensboro (; formerly Greensborough) is a city in an ...
(William Sydney Porter) was claimed as her father's second cousin,Johnston, Laurie
"Katherine Anne Porter Dies at 90; Won a Pulitzer for Short Stories".
''The New York Times'', September 19, 1980.
but later research established that "except the accident of her name", there was no connection. Despite her focus on her family history, Porter failed to identify her relationship to
Lyndon B. Johnson Lyndon Baines Johnson (; August 27, 1908January 22, 1973), often referred to by his initials LBJ, was an American educator and politician who served as the 36th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) ...

Lyndon B. Johnson
, 36th
President of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (plural personae or personas), depending on the context, can refer to either the public image of ...

President of the United States
, his grandmother being the sister of Porter's uncle-by-marriage. The rest of Porter's family did not take her genealogical embellishments seriously, considering them to be part of her character as an "accomplished raconteur". In 1892, when Porter was two years old, her mother died two months after giving birth. Porter's father took his four surviving children (an older brother had died in infancy) to live with his mother, Catherine Ann Porter, in
Kyle, Texas Kyle is a city in Hays County, Texas, United States. Its population was 28,016 in the 2010 census and estimated to be 48,393 in 2019. Kyle is one of the fastest-growing cities in Texas. Geography Kyle is located in eastern Hays County at (29.9890 ...
. The depth of her grandmother's influence can be inferred from Porter's later adoption of her name. Her grandmother died while taking eleven-year-old Callie to visit relatives in
Marfa, Texas Marfa is a city in the high desert of the Trans-Pecos in far West Texas, between the Davis Mountains and Big Bend National Park. It is the county seat of Presidio County, Texas, Presidio County, and its population as of the 2010 United States Cens ...
. After her grandmother's death, the family lived in several towns in Texas and
Louisiana Louisiana (Standard French Standard French (in French: ''le français standard'', ''le français normé'', ''le français neutre'' eutral Frenchor ''le français international'' nternational French is an unofficial term for a standard ...

Louisiana
, staying with relatives or living in rented rooms. She was enrolled in free schools wherever the family was living, and for a year in 1904 she attended the Thomas School, a private
Methodist Methodism, also called the Methodist movement, is a group of historically related denominations Denomination may refer to: * Religious denomination, such as a: ** Christian denomination ** Jewish denomination ** Islamic denomination ** Hindu d ...

Methodist
school in
San Antonio ("Cradle of Freedom") , image_map = Bexar SanAntonio.svg , mapsize = 220px , map_caption = Location within Bexar County , pushpin_map = Texas#USA#North America , pushpin_relief ...

San Antonio
, Texas. This was her only formal education beyond
grammar school A grammar school is one of several different types of school A school is an educational institution designed to provide learning spaces and learning environments for the teaching of students under the direction of teachers. Most coun ...
. In 1906, at age sixteen, Porter left home and married John Henry Koontz in
Lufkin, Texas Lufkin is the largest city in Angelina County, Texas and the county seat. The city is situated in Deep East Texas and is northeast of Houston. Its estimated population is 35,021 as of July 1, 2019. Lufkin was founded in 1884 and named for Abr ...
. She subsequently converted to his religion, Roman Catholicism.Unrue 2005, p. 45. Koontz, the son of a wealthy Texas ranching family, was physically abusive; once while drunk, he threw her down the stairs, breaking her ankle. They divorced officially in 1915. In 1914 she escaped to Chicago, where she worked briefly as an
extra Extra or Xtra may refer to: Arts, entertainment and media Film * The Extra (1962 film), ''The Extra'' (1962 film), a Mexican film * The Extra (2005 film), ''The Extra'' (2005 film), an Australian film Literature * Extra (newspaper), ''Extra'' ( ...
in movies. She then returned to Texas and worked the small-town entertainment circuit as an actress and singer. In 1915, she asked that her name be changed to Katherine Anne Porter as part of her
divorce Divorce (also known as dissolution of marriage) is the optional process of terminating a marriage in Stockholm Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock is a culturally and often legally recognized union between people calle ...

divorce
decree A decree is a rule of law Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified whole. A system, surrounded and influenced by its environment, ...
. Also in 1915, she was diagnosed with
tuberculosis Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease An infection is the invasion of an organism's body Tissue (biology), tissues by Pathogen, disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host (biology), host tissues to the in ...

tuberculosis
and spent the following two years in
sanatoria A sanatorium (also spelled sanitarium or sanitorium) is a medical facility for long-term illness, most typically associated with the treatment of tuberculosis Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease An infection is the invasion o ...

sanatoria
, where she decided to become a writer. It was discovered during that time, however, that she had
bronchitis Bronchitis is inflammation of the bronchi A bronchus is a passage or airway in the respiratory system The respiratory system (also respiratory apparatus, ventilatory system) is a biological system consisting of specific organs and structu ...

bronchitis
, not TB. In 1917, she began writing for the
Fort Worth Fort Worth is the fifth-largest city in the U.S. state In the , a state is a , of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a , each state holds al jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory where it shares it ...
''Critic'', critiquing dramas and writing society gossip. In 1918, she wrote for the ''
Rocky Mountain News The ''Rocky Mountain News'' (nicknamed the ''Rocky'') was a daily newspaper published in Denver Denver () is a consolidated city and county, the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just ...
'' in
Denver Denver () is a consolidated city and county, the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more forma ...

Denver
, Colorado. In the same year, Katherine almost died in Denver during the
1918 flu pandemic Spanish flu, also known as the Great Influenza epidemic or the 1918 influenza pandemic, was an exceptionally deadly global influenza pandemic An influenza pandemic is an epidemic An epidemic (from Ancient Greek, Greek ἐπί ''epi'' ...
. When she was discharged from the hospital months later, she was frail and completely bald. When her hair finally grew back, it was white and remained that color for the rest of her life. Her experience was reflected in her trilogy of short novels, ''
Pale Horse, Pale Rider Image:PaleHorsePaleRider.jpg, First edition cover, right ''Pale Horse, Pale Rider'' () is a collection of three short novels by American author Katherine Anne Porter published in 1939. While these three short novels "Old Mortality," "Noon Wine" a ...
'' (1939), for which she received the first annual gold medal for literature in 1940 from the Society of Libraries of
New York University New York University (NYU) is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of ne ...
. In 1919, Porter moved to
Greenwich Village Greenwich Village ( , , ) is a neighborhood on the west side of Lower Manhattan Lower Manhattan, also known as Downtown Manhattan or Downtown New York, is the southernmost part of , the central for business, culture, and in . Lower Manh ...

Greenwich Village
in New York City and made her living
ghost writing A ghostwriter is hired to write literary Literature broadly is any collection of written Writing is a medium of human communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share") is the act of developing Semanti ...
, writing children's stories and doing publicity work for a motion picture company. The year in New York City had a politically radicalizing effect on her; and in 1920, she went to work for a magazine publisher in
Mexico Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective identity, who are organi ...

Mexico
, where she became acquainted with members of the Mexican leftist movement, including
Diego Rivera Diego María de la Concepción Juan Nepomuceno Estanislao de la Rivera y Barrientos Acosta y Rodríguez, known as Diego Rivera (; December 8, 1886 – November 24, 1957), was a prominent Mexican painter. His large fresco Fresco (plural ''f ...

Diego Rivera
. Eventually, however, Porter became disillusioned with the revolutionary movement and its leaders. In the 1920s she also became intensely critical of religion, and remained so until the last decade of her life, when she again embraced the Roman Catholic Church.Unrue 2005, pp.xv-xx (contains a Katherine Anne Porter chronology). Between 1920 and 1930, Porter traveled back and forth between Mexico and New York City and began publishing
short stories A short story is a piece of prose fiction that typically can be read in one sitting and focuses on a self-contained incident or series of linked incidents, with the intent of evoking a single effect or mood. The short story is one of the oldest ty ...
and essays. Her first published story was "Maria Concepcion" in ''
The Century Magazine ''The Century Magazine'' was an illustrated monthly magazine first published in the United States in 1881 by The Century Company The Century Company was an American publishing company, founded in 1881. History It was originally a subsidiary of ...
''. (In his 1960s novel ''Providence Island'',
Calder Willingham Calder Baynard Willingham Jr. (December 23, 1922 – February 19, 1995)Alex MacaulayBiographical entry of Calder Willinghamfrom the New Georgia Encyclopedia Image:Newgeorgiaencyclopedia.jpg, The New Georgia Encyclopedia in 2006, before the re ...
had the character Jim fantasize a perfect lover and he called her Maria Concepcion Diaz.) In 1930, she published her first short-story collection, '' Flowering Judas and Other Stories''. An expanded edition of this collection was published in 1935 and received such critical acclaim that it alone virtually assured her place in
American literature American literature is literature Literature broadly is any collection of Writing, written work, but it is also used more narrowly for writings specifically considered to be an art form, especially prose fiction, drama, and poetry. In ...
. In 1926, Porter married Ernest Stock and lived briefly in
Connecticut Connecticut () is the southernmost state in the New England region of the United States. As of the 2010 United States census, 2010 Census, it has the highest per-capita income, second-highest level of List of U.S. states and territories by H ...
before divorcing him in 1927. Some biographers suggest that Porter suffered several
miscarriage Miscarriage, also known in medical terms as a spontaneous abortion and pregnancy loss, is the natural loss of an embryo An embryo is the early stage of development of a multicellular organism A multicellular organism is an organism ...
s, at least one
stillbirth Stillbirth is typically defined as fetal A fetus or foetus (; plural fetuses, feti, foetuses, or foeti) is the unborn offspring that develops from an animal embryo An embryo is the early stage of development of a multicellular organism ...
between 1910 and 1926, and an abortion; and after contracting
gonorrhea Gonorrhea, colloquially known as the clap, is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium ''Neisseria gonorrhoeae''. Infection may involve the genitals, mouth, or rectum. Infected men may experience Dysuria, pain or burning ...
from Stock, that she had a
hysterectomy Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus The uterus (from Latin "uterus", plural ''uteri'') or womb () is the main female hormone-responsive, sex organ, secondary sex organ of the reproductive system in humans and most other mammal ...

hysterectomy
in 1927, ending her hopes of ever having a child. Yet Porter's letters to her lovers suggest that she still intimated her
menstruation Menstruation (also known as a period and many other Colloquialism, colloquial terms) is the regular discharge of blood and Mucous membrane, mucosal tissue from the endometrium, inner lining of the uterus through the vagina. The menstrual cycl ...
after this alleged hysterectomy. She once confided to a friend that "I have lost children in all the ways one can." During the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s, Porter enjoyed a prominent reputation as one of America's most distinguished writers, but her limited output and equally-limited sales had her living on grants and advances for most of the era. During the 1930s, she spent several years in Europe during which she continued to publish short stories. She married Eugene Pressly, a writer, in 1930. In 1938, upon returning from Europe, she divorced Pressly and married Albert Russel Erskine, Jr., a graduate student. He reportedly divorced her in 1942, after discovering her real age and that she was 20 years his senior. Porter became an elected member of the National Institute of Arts and Letters in 1943, and was a writer-in-residence at several colleges and universities, including the
University of Chicago The University of Chicago (UChicago) is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an abse ...
, the
University of Michigan , mottoeng = "Arts, Knowledge, Truth" , former_names = Catholepistemiad, or University of Michigania (1817–1821) , budget = $8.99 billion (2018) , endowment = $17 billion (2021)As of October 25, 2021. ...

University of Michigan
, and the
University of Virginia The University of Virginia (U.Va. or UVA) is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization An organization, or organisat ...

University of Virginia
. Between 1948 and 1958, she taught at
Stanford University Stanford University, officially Leland Stanford Junior University, is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Du ...

Stanford University
, the University of Michigan,
Washington and Lee University , mottoeng = "Not Unmindful of the Future" , established = , type = Private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Du ...
, and the
University of Texas The University of Texas at Austin (UT Austin, UT, or Texas) is a public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization An organizat ...
, where her unconventional manner of teaching made her popular with students. In 1959 the
Ford Foundation The Ford Foundation is an American private foundation with the stated goal of advancing human welfare. Created in 1936 by Edsel Ford and his father Henry Ford, it was originally funded by a US$25,000 gift from Edsel Ford. By 1947, after the death ...
grants Porter $26,000 over two years. Three of Porter's stories were adapted into
radio drama Radio drama (or audio drama, audio play, radio play, radio theatre, or audio theatre) is a dramatized, purely acoustic performance A performance is an act of staging or presenting a play, concert, or other form of entertainment. It is also d ...
s on the program ''
NBC University Theatre ''NBC University Theater'' (also known as ''NBC University Theater of the Air'', ''NBC Theater of the Air'' or ''NBC Theater'') was a brand the National Broadcasting Co. applied to a category of radio programming. Although not actually a university, ...
''. "Noon Wine" was made into an hour drama in early 1948, and two years later "Flowering Judas" and "Pale Horse, Pale Rider" each were produced in half-hour dramas on an episode of the hour-long program. Porter herself made two appearances on the radio series giving critical commentary on works by
Rebecca West Dame Cicily Isabel Fairfield (21 December 1892 – 15 March 1983), known as Rebecca West, or Dame Rebecca West, was a British author, journalist, literary criticism, literary critic, and travel writer. An author who wrote in many genres, ...

Rebecca West
and
Virginia Woolf Adeline Virginia Woolf (; ; 25 January 1882 28 March 1941) was an English writer, considered one of the most important modernist Modernism is both a philosophical movement A philosophical movement refers to the phenomenon defined by a ...

Virginia Woolf
. In the 1950s and 1960s she occasionally appeared on
television Television, sometimes shortened to TV or telly, is a telecommunication Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over wire A wire is a single usually cylindrical A cylinder (from Gre ...

television
in programs discussing literature. Porter published her only novel, ''
Ship of Fools #REDIRECT Ship of fools Image:Narrenschiff (1549).jpg, The ship of fools, depicted in a 1549 German woodcut The ship of fools is an allegory, originating from Book VI of Plato's ''Republic (Plato), Republic'', about a ship with a dysfunctional c ...
'', in 1962; it was based on her reminiscences of a 1931 ocean cruise she had taken from Vera Cruz, Mexico, to Germany. The novel's success finally gave her financial security (she reportedly sold the film rights for ''
Ship of Fools #REDIRECT Ship of fools Image:Narrenschiff (1549).jpg, The ship of fools, depicted in a 1549 German woodcut The ship of fools is an allegory, originating from Book VI of Plato's ''Republic (Plato), Republic'', about a ship with a dysfunctional c ...
'' for $500,000). Producer
David O. Selznick David O. Selznick (May 10, 1902June 22, 1965) was an American film producer A film producer is a person who oversees film production. Either employed by a production company or working Independent film, independently, producers plan and coordi ...
was after the film rights; but
United Artists United Artists Corporation (UA), currently doing business as United Artists Digital Studios, is an American digital production company. Founded in 1919 by D. W. Griffith, Charlie Chaplin Sir Charles Spencer Chaplin Jr. (16 April ...
who owned the property, demanded $400,000. The novel was adapted for film by
Abby Mann Abby Mann (December 1, 1927 – March 25, 2008) was an American film writer and producer. Life and career Born to a Jewish familyDouglas Martin"Abby Mann, 'Nuremberg' Screenwriter, Dies at 83" nytimes.com, March 28, 2008. as Abraham Goodman i ...
; producer and director
Stanley Kramer Stanley Earl Kramer (September 29, 1913February 19, 2001) was an American film director and producer, responsible for making many of Hollywood's most famous " message films".
Stanley Kramer
featured
Vivien Leigh Vivien Leigh (; 5 November 1913 – 8 July 1967; born Vivian Mary Hartley and styled as Lady Olivier after 1947) was a British actress. She won the Academy Award for Best Actress The Academy Award for Best Actress is an award presented ann ...
in her final film performance. Despite Porter's claim that after the publication of ''Ship of Fools'' she would not win any more prizes in America, in 1966 she was awarded the
Pulitzer Prize#REDIRECT Pulitzer Prize The Pulitzer Prize () is an award for achievements in newspaper, magazine and online journalism, literature and musical composition within the United States. It was established in 1917 by provisions in the will of Joseph ...
and the U.S.
National Book Award The National Book Awards are a set of annual U.S. literary awards. At the final National Book Awards Ceremony every November, the National Book Foundation presents the National Book Awards and two lifetime achievement awards to authors. The Nat ...
for ''
The Collected Stories of Katherine Anne Porter ''The Collected Stories of Katherine Anne Porter'' is a book by Katherine Anne Porter published by Harcourt Brace, Harcourt in 1965, comprising nineteen "short stories and novella, long stories", as Porter herself would say. It won the Pulitzer Pri ...
''. That year she was also appointed to the
American Academy of Arts and Letters The American Academy of Arts and Letters is a 250-member honor society; its goal is to "foster, assist, and sustain excellence" in American literature American literature is literature predominantly written or produced in English languag ...
. In 1977, she published '' The Never-Ending Wrong'', an account of the notorious trial and execution of Sacco and Vanzetti, which she had protested 50 years earlier. Porter died in Silver Spring, Maryland, on September 18, 1980, at the age of 90, and her ashes were buried next to her mother at Indian Creek Cemetery in Texas. In 1990, Recorded Texas Historic Landmark number 2905 was placed in Brown County, Texas, to honor the life and career of Porter.


Awards and honors

*1966 – Pulitzer Prize for Fiction for ''The Collected Stories of Katherine Anne Porter, The Collected Stories'' (1965)"Fiction."
''The Pulitzer Prizes: Past winners & finalists by category''. Retrieved: March 30, 2012.
*1966 –
National Book Award The National Book Awards are a set of annual U.S. literary awards. At the final National Book Awards Ceremony every November, the National Book Foundation presents the National Book Awards and two lifetime achievement awards to authors. The Nat ...
for ''The Collected Stories of Katherine Anne Porter, The Collected Stories'' (1965)"National Book Awards, 1966."
''National Book Foundation''. Retrieved: March 30, 2012.
(With acceptance speech by Porter and essays by Mary Gaitskill and H.L. Hix from the Awards 60-year anniversary blog.)
*1967 – Gold Medal Award for Fiction from the
American Academy of Arts and Letters The American Academy of Arts and Letters is a 250-member honor society; its goal is to "foster, assist, and sustain excellence" in American literature American literature is literature predominantly written or produced in English languag ...
*Three nominations for the Nobel Prize in Literature *2006 – Porter was featured on
States postage stamp issued May 15, 2006 with a value of 39¢
She was the 22nd person featured in the ''Literary Arts'' commemorative stamp series.
''United States Postal Service'', May 15, 2006. Retrieved: July 10, 2008.
Gicker, William J.. ed. "Katherine Anne Porter 39¢." ''USA Philatelic'', Volume 11, Issue 3, 2006, p. 13.


Works


Short story collections

*''Flowering Judas'' (Harcourt, Brace: 1930). Includes eight of Porter's earliest short stories. *''Flowering Judas and Other Stories'' (Harcourt, Brace: 1935). Includes the contents of the earlier edition as well as four additional stories. *''
Pale Horse, Pale Rider Image:PaleHorsePaleRider.jpg, First edition cover, right ''Pale Horse, Pale Rider'' () is a collection of three short novels by American author Katherine Anne Porter published in 1939. While these three short novels "Old Mortality," "Noon Wine" a ...
'' (Harcourt, Brace: 1939). Includes the three stories Porter referred to as short novels: "Old Mortality", "Noon Wine" (American radio, 1948; American TV, 1966; American TV, 1985), and "Pale Horse, Pale Rider" (American radio, 1950; Canadian TV, 1963 & British TV, 1964). *''The Leaning Tower and Other Stories'' (Harcourt, Brace: 1944). Includes nine of Porter's short stories. *''The Old Order: Stories of the South'' (Harcourt, Brace: 1955). Includes ten of Porter's previously published short stories, all of which take place in the American South. *''
The Collected Stories of Katherine Anne Porter ''The Collected Stories of Katherine Anne Porter'' is a book by Katherine Anne Porter published by Harcourt Brace, Harcourt in 1965, comprising nineteen "short stories and novella, long stories", as Porter herself would say. It won the Pulitzer Pri ...
'' (Harcourt, Brace: 1964). Includes all twenty-six of Porter's previously published short stories, including the three she preferred to call short novels.


Novel

*''
Ship of Fools #REDIRECT Ship of fools Image:Narrenschiff (1549).jpg, The ship of fools, depicted in a 1549 German woodcut The ship of fools is an allegory, originating from Book VI of Plato's ''Republic (Plato), Republic'', about a ship with a dysfunctional c ...
'', (Little, Brown, & Co.: 1962; (Ship of Fools (film), American film, 1965).


Nonfiction

*''The Days Before'' (Harcourt, Brace: 1952). Includes many of Porter's book reviews, critical essays, memoirs, etc. *''The Collected Essays and Occasional Writings of Katherine Anne Porter'' (Delacorte: 1970).


Posthumous publications

*''Letters of Katherine Anne Porter'' (Atlantic Monthly Press: 1990), edited by Isabel Bayley. Includes portions of over 250 letters Porter wrote to over sixty correspondents between 1930 and 1966. *''"This Strange, Old World" and Other Book Reviews Written by Katherine Anne Porter'' (University of Georgia Press, 1991), edited by Darlene Harbour Unrue. Includes almost 50 of the book reviews Porter published in various periodicals during her lifetime. *''Uncollected Early Prose of Katherine Anne Porter'' (University of Texas Press: 1993), edited by Ruth M. Alvarez and Thomas F. Walsh. Includes twenty-nine of Porter's prose works of fiction and nonfiction, not included in earlier published editions. *''Katherine Anne Porter's Poetry'' (University of South Carolina Press: 1996), edited by Darlene Harbour Unrue. Includes all thirty-two of the poems Porter published in periodicals during her lifetime. *''Porter: Collected Stories and Other Writings'' (Library of America: 2008). Includes the full text of "The Collected Stories of Katherine Anne Porter" (Harcourt, Brace 1964) as well as many of the pieces that were included in her two previous collections of nonfiction. *''Selected Letters of Katherine Anne Porter: Chronicles of a Modern Woman'' (University Press of Mississippi: 2012), edited by Darlene Harbour Unrue. Includes over 130 complete letters Porter wrote to over seventy correspondents between 1916 and 1979.


Other publications

*''My Chinese Marriage'' by Mae Franking, ghostwritten by Porter (Duffield & Co: 1921). *''Outline of Mexican Popular Arts and Crafts'' (Young & McCallister: 1922). *''Katherine Anne Porter's French Song Book'' (Harrison of Paris: 1933). Includes seventeen French songs and Porter's English translations. *''A Christmas Story'' (Delacorte: 1967). Porter's story, previously published, about her niece Mary Alice Hillendahl. *''The Never-Ending Wrong'' (Little, Brown, & Co.: 1977). Porter's reflections upon the 1927 Sacco and Vanzetti#Execution and funeral, executions of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti.


Notes


References


Bibliography

* Joan Givner, Givner, Joan. ''Katherine Anne Porter: A Life''. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1991, First edition 1982. . * Hardwick, Elisabeth
"What she was and what she felt like."
''The New York Times'', November 7, 1982. Retrieved: November 18, 2011. * Nance, William L. ''Katherine Anne Porter and the Art of Rejection''. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1963. * Tanner, James Thomas Fontenot, PhD. ''The Texas Legacy of Katherine Anne Porter'' Texas Writers Series (Book 3). Denton, TX: University of North Texas Press, 1991. . * Unrue, Darlene Harbour. ''Katherine Anne Porter Remembered''. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press, 2010. .


External links

* *
Papers of Katherine Anne Porter
an
Paul Porter papers
housed at University of Maryland Libraries#Hornbake Library, Hornbake Library, University of Maryland Libraries * * *
Brief biography at ''Perspectives in American Literature''



Photos of the first edition of Porter's Pulitzer Prize winning book

Official site of Porter's childhood home in Kyle, TX

Stuart Wright Collection: Katherine Anne Porter Papers (#1169-009), East Carolina Manuscript Collection, J. Y. Joyner Library, East Carolina University
*
Mary Louis Doherty papers
at the University of Maryland Libraries, University of Maryland libraries. Contains correspondence with Katherine Anne Porter.
Harry C. Perry, Jr. papers
at the University of Maryland Libraries, University of Maryland libraries. Contains correspondence with and financial papers of Katherine Anne Porter.
Cyrilly Abels papers
at the University of Maryland Libraries, University of Maryland libraries. Abels was the literary agent, editor, and friend of Katherine Anne Porter. * hdl:10079/fa/beinecke.kaporter, Glenway Wescott and Monroe Wheeler Collection of Katherine Anne Porter. Yale Collection of American Literature, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library. {{DEFAULTSORT:Porter, Katherine Anne 1890 births 1980 deaths 20th-century American novelists American expatriates in Mexico American women novelists American women short story writers Modernist writers Modernist women writers National Book Award winners O. Henry Award winners Pulitzer Prize for Fiction winners Writers from New York City People from Fort Worth, Texas Writers from San Antonio Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks Novelists from Louisiana Novelists from Texas American women essayists American women journalists 20th-century American women writers University of Michigan people People from Brown County, Texas 20th-century American short story writers 20th-century American essayists Journalists from Texas Novelists from New York (state) People from Kyle, Texas Catholics from Texas 20th-century American journalists