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The Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT; german: Karlsruher Institut für Technologie) is a
public In public relations Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing and disseminating information from an individual or an organization An organization, or organisation (English in the Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth Engli ...
research university A research university is a university A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an educational institution, institution of higher education, higher (or Tertiary education, tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in v ...
that is one of the largest educational institutions and the largest research institution by funding in
Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin Berlin (; ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,769,495 inh ...

Germany
. KIT was created in 2009 when the University of Karlsruhe (), founded in 1825 as a public research university and also known as the "Fridericiana", merged with the Karlsruhe Research Center (), which had originally been established in 1956 as a national nuclear research center (, or KfK). KIT is a member of the
TU9 TU9 German Universities of Technology e. V. is the alliance of nine leading Technical Universities An institute of technology (also referred to as: technological university, technical university, university of technology, technological educat ...
, an incorporated society of the largest and most notable German institutes of technology.
TU9 TU9 German Universities of Technology e. V. is the alliance of nine leading Technical Universities An institute of technology (also referred to as: technological university, technical university, university of technology, technological educat ...
As part of the
German Universities Excellence Initiative The Excellence Initiative of the German Council of Science and Humanities The ''Wissenschaftsrat'' (''WR''; Council of Science and Humanities) is an advisory body to the German Federal Government and the state (''Länder'') governments. It makes ...
KIT was one of three universities which were awarded excellence status in 2006. In the following "German Excellence Strategy" KIT was awarded as one of eleven "Excellence Universities" in 2019. KIT is among the leading
technical universities An institute of technology (also referred to as: technological university, technical university, university of technology, technological educational institute, technical college, polytechnic university or just polytechnic) is an institution of te ...
in
Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin Berlin (; ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,769,495 inh ...

Germany
and
Europe Europe is a continent A continent is any of several large landmass A landmass, or land mass, is a large region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of scienc ...

Europe
and established the first German faculty for
computer science Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information, algorithms and the architectures of its computation as well as practical techniques for their application. Computer science is the study of , , and . Computer science ...
in 1972. According to different
bibliometric Bibliometrics is the use of statistical methods to analyse books, articles and other publications. Bibliometric methods are frequently used in the field of library and information science. The sub-field of bibliometrics which concerns itself with ...
ranking A ranking is a relationship between a set of items such that, for any two items, the first is either "ranked higher than", "ranked lower than" or "ranked equal to" the second. In mathematics Mathematics (from Greek: ) includes the study o ...
s, KIT is the German university with the strongest research in
engineering Engineering is the use of scientific principles to design and build machines, structures, and other items, including bridges, tunnels, roads, vehicles, and buildings. The discipline of engineering encompasses a broad range of more speciali ...

engineering
and
natural science Natural science is a branch A branch ( or , ) or tree branch (sometimes referred to in botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or ph ...

natural science
s. , six Nobel laureates are affiliated with KIT. The Karlsruhe Institute of Technology is well known for many inventors and entrepreneurs who studied or taught there, including
Heinrich Hertz Heinrich Rudolf Hertz ( ; ; 22 February 1857 – 1 January 1894) was a German physicist A physicist is a scientist A scientist is a person who conducts scientific research The scientific method is an Empirical evidence, empi ...

Heinrich Hertz
,
Karl Friedrich Benz Carl Friedrich Benz (; 25 November 1844 – 4 April 1929), sometimes also Karl Friedrich Benz, was a German engine designer and automotive engineer Engineers, as practitioners of engineering Engineering is the use of scientific prin ...
and the founders of
SAP SE SAP SE () is a German multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational state, a sove ...
.


History

The University of Karlsruhe was founded as a polytechnical school () on 7 October 1825. It was modelled on the
École polytechnique The École Polytechnique (French: l'École polytechnique, commonly known as la Polytechnique or l'X ) is one of the most prestigious and selective grandes écoles Grandes may refer to: *Agustín Muñoz Grandes, Spanish general and politician ...
in Paris. In 1865,
Grand Duke Grand Duke (feminine: Grand Duchess) is a European hereditary title, used either by certain monarchs or by members of certain monarchs' families. In status, a Grand Duke traditionally ranks in order of precedence below an emperor, king or archd ...
Friedrich I of Baden raised the school to the status of a , an institution of higher education. Since 1902 the university has also been known as the ''Fridericiana'' in his honour. In 1885, it was declared a , or institute of technology, and in 1967, it became an , a full
university A university () is an educational institution, institution of higher education, higher (or Tertiary education, tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in several Discipline (academia), academic disciplines. Universities typ ...

university
, which gave it the right to award regular doctorate degrees. It had hitherto been allowed to award doctorates only in engineering, identified as , a right bestowed on all technical institutes in 1899. The University of Karlsruhe is one of the leading German institutions in
computer science Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information, algorithms and the architectures of its computation as well as practical techniques for their application. Computer science is the study of , , and . Computer science ...
. A central computer laboratory was founded in 1966. The department of informatics was established three years later, along with the first regular course in informatics. On 2 August 1984, the university received Germany's first email. The (Institute of Meteorology and Climate Research) was founded at the university in 1985. The university also cooperated extensively with the Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (Karlsruhe Research Centre), and this relationship was formalised on 6 April 2006 when Professor Horst Hippler and Dr. Dieter Ertmann from the University of Karlsruhe, and Professor Manfred Popp and Assistant Jur. Sigurd Lettow from Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe signed a contract for the foundation of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT). The name was inspired by the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, aft ...
(MIT), the leading technical university in the United States. In February 2008, the merger of the university and the research centre to form KIT was agreed by the state of
Baden-Württemberg Baden-Württemberg (; ) is a state (''Land'') in southwest Germany Southern Germany () as a region has no exact boundary but is generally taken to include the areas in which Upper German dialects are spoken. This corresponds roughly to the h ...
and Germany's federal government. The necessary state law was passed on 8 July 2009. KIT was formally established on 1 October 2009. The main reason for establishing KIT was to strengthen Karlsruhe's position in the
German Universities Excellence Initiative The Excellence Initiative of the German Council of Science and Humanities The ''Wissenschaftsrat'' (''WR''; Council of Science and Humanities) is an advisory body to the German Federal Government and the state (''Länder'') governments. It makes ...
, which offered elite universities grants of up to 50 million euros per annum. This aim was not achieved. While the University of Karlsruhe was chosen for the initiative in 2006/2007, KIT failed to secure a place in 2012. It did, however, attract funds from other sources. In 2008, Hans-Werner Hector, co-founder of
SAP SAP SE () is a German multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational state, a sove ...
, raised 200 million euros to support researchers at the institute. (Hector is the only founder of SAP who did not graduate from the University of Karlsruhe; he was given an honorary doctorate for his support of intellectually gifted children in 2003.)


Campus


Campus Nord

The (Campus North), the former , was founded in 1956 as (Karlsruhe Nuclear Research Centre). Initial activities focused on
Forschungsreaktor 2 (FR2) Forschungsreaktor 2 (FR2) (''Research Reactor 2'') was the second nuclear reactor built in and by Germany after restrictions on nuclear research imposed as a result of the Second World War were lifted in 1955. Construction began in 1957 in Eggenstei ...
, the first nuclear reactor built by Germany. With the decline of nuclear energy activities in Germany, Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe directed its work increasingly towards alternative areas of basic and applied sciences. This change is reflected in the change of name from to with the subheading (technology and environment) added in 1995. This subheading was replaced by (in the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centers) in 2002. Campus Nord is the site of the main German national nuclear engineering research centre and the Institute for Transuranium Elements. Also at the site is a
nanotechnology Nanotechnology, also shortened to nanotech, is the use of matter on an atom An atom is the smallest unit of ordinary matter In classical physics and general chemistry, matter is any substance that has mass and takes up space by havi ...

nanotechnology
research centre and the neutrino experiment
KATRIN Katrin is a feminine given name. It is a German and Swedish contracted form of Katherine Katherine, Catherine, and other variations are feminine names A name is a term used for identification by an external observer. They can identify a cl ...
. Campus Nord also hosts a 200-metre-tall guyed mast for meteorological measurements.


Organization and administration


Faculties

The university has eleven faculties: #
Mathematics Mathematics (from Greek: ) includes the study of such topics as numbers (arithmetic and number theory), formulas and related structures (algebra), shapes and spaces in which they are contained (geometry), and quantities and their changes (cal ...
#
Physics Physics is the natural science that studies matter, its Elementary particle, fundamental constituents, its Motion (physics), motion and behavior through Spacetime, space and time, and the related entities of energy and force. "Physical scie ...

Physics
#
Chemistry Chemistry is the scientific Science () is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge Knowledge is a familiarity or awareness, of someone or something, such as facts A fact is an occurrence in the real world. T ...

Chemistry
and
Biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their anatomy, physical structure, Biochemistry, chemical processes, Molecular biology, molecular interactions, Physiology, physiological mechanisms, Development ...

Biology
#
Humanities Humanities are academic disciplines An academic discipline or academic field is a subdivision of knowledge Knowledge is a familiarity or awareness, of someone or something, such as facts A fact is an occurrence in the real world. ...

Humanities
and
Social sciences Social science is the branch The branches and leaves of a tree. A branch ( or , ) or tree branch (sometimes referred to in botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biol ...

Social sciences
#
Architecture upright=1.45, alt=Plan d'exécution du second étage de l'hôtel de Brionne (dessin) De Cotte 2503c – Gallica 2011 (adjusted), Plan of the second floor (attic storey) of the Hôtel de Brionne in Paris – 1734. Architecture (Latin ''archi ...

Architecture
#
Civil engineering Civil engineering is a professional engineering Regulation and licensure in engineering is established by various jurisdictions of the world to encourage public welfare, safety, well-being and other interests of the general public and to defin ...
,
Geology Geology (from the Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language Greek ( el, label=Modern Greek Modern Greek (, , or , ''Kiní Neoellinikí Glóssa''), generally referred to by speakers simply as Greek ...

Geology
, and Ecological Sciences #
Mechanical Engineering Mechanical engineering is an engineering Engineering is the use of scientific principles to design and build machines, structures, and other items, including bridges, tunnels, roads, vehicles, and buildings. The discipline of engineerin ...

Mechanical Engineering
#
Chemical A chemical substance is a form of matter In classical physics and general chemistry, matter is any substance that has mass and takes up space by having volume. All everyday objects that can be touched are ultimately composed of atoms, which ...
and Process Engineering #
Electrical engineering Electrical engineering is an engineering discipline concerned with the study, design, and application of equipment, devices, and systems which use electricity, electronics The field of electronics is a branch of physics and electrical enginee ...

Electrical engineering
and Information Technology #
Computer Science Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information, algorithms and the architectures of its computation as well as practical techniques for their application. Computer science is the study of , , and . Computer science ...
#
Economics Economics () is a social science that studies the Production (economics), production, distribution (economics), distribution, and Consumption (economics), consumption of goods and services. Economics focuses on the behaviour and interact ...

Economics
and
Management Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization An organization, or organisation (Commonwealth English The use of the English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spok ...

Management


Academic profile


Education

The university offers a great range of education options with such possibilities as cross studies and work-study programs. A ''
studium generale ''Studium generale'' is the old customary name for a medieval university A medieval university was a corporation A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company—authorized by the State (polity), state to ...
'' (general studies) program was established in 1949, allowing students to attend lectures not directly pertaining their study field. In the first semesters of a course, education tends to be theoretically oriented at KIT, with a high concentration on mathematics for engineering and natural science courses. It is possible to choose between practical and theoretical topics in later semesters. Since the winter semester of 2008/2009, KIT has completed the transition from ''
Diplom A ''Diplom'' (, from grc, δίπλωμα ''diploma'') is an academic degree An academic degree is a qualification awarded to students upon successful completion of a course of study in higher education, usually at a college or university. T ...

Diplom
'' degrees to
bachelor's degree A bachelor's degree (from Middle Latin Medieval Latin was the form of Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area ...
s and
master's degree A master's degree (from Latin ) is an academic degree awarded by University, universities or colleges upon completion of a course of study demonstrating mastery or a high-order overview of a specific field of study or area of Profession, professio ...
s. Students already enrolled for a ''Diplom'' degree when the transition began were allowed to finish their studies, but new students are allowed to apply only for a bachelor's or master's degree. Admission policies differ among the departments. While students are chosen by the quality of their school degree and their extracurricular activities for courses such as industrial engineering and management (27% of admissions in 2008), other departments do not preselect for their courses, including physics, informatics, and meteorology. All courses require a minimum number of passed exams, called or orientation assessments, in the first three semesters before students are allowed to complete their course. There is a substantial drop-out rate in some engineering courses due to the immense study required to meet the prerequisites. The Zentrum für Angewandte Kulturwissenschaft und Studium Generale (Centre for Applied Culture and General Studies) was founded in 1989 as a central institution to support students engaged in interdisciplinary study. Nowadays, it offers specialised qualifications in the fields of "Leadership and Entrepreneurship", "Media - Culture - Communication", "Internationalisation and Intercultural Decision-making and Responsibility", "Diversity Management", and "European Integration and Identity Studies", as well as the classical ''studium generale''. There is also the possibility of concomitant study in applied culture science.


Research

In 1979, the Interfakultatives Institut für Anwendungen der Informatik (Interfaculty Institute for Informatics Applications) was founded. It brings together research in physics, mathematics, and engineering based on computer science. Its mathematical pendant is the Institut für Wissenschaftliches Rechnen und Mathematische Modellbildung (Institute for Scientific Calculations and Mathematical Modelling). Its aim is to enhance the exchange between mathematics and engineering in the fields of scientific calculations. The Interfakultatives Institut für Entrepreneurship (Interfaculty Institute for Entrepreneurship) was established with SAP funding. Its teaching professors were entrepreneurs on their own. Before being shut down in 2010, a former professor of this faculty was Götz Werner, founder of dm-drogerie markt. In 2001, the Centre for Functional Nanostructures (CFN) was established. It merges the fields within material sciences, biology, chemistry, engineering, and physics which are related to nanotechnology. CFN is one of the three Exzellenzzentren (English: Excellence Institutions) of the University of Karlsruhe. Another interdisciplinary institution is the Centre for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction Technology (CEDIM). The Karlsruhe School of Optics and Photonics (KSOP) was established in 2006 as a publicly funded project by the
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft The German Research Foundation (german: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ; DFG ) is a German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * ...
under the
German Universities Excellence Initiative The Excellence Initiative of the German Council of Science and Humanities The ''Wissenschaftsrat'' (''WR''; Council of Science and Humanities) is an advisory body to the German Federal Government and the state (''Länder'') governments. It makes ...
. KSOP was the first graduate school at the University of Karlsruhe and covers the fields of photonic materials and devices, advanced spectroscopy, biomedical photonics, optical systems and solar energy. It is supported by several of the university's institutes and professors. It is also a partner in the EUROPHOTONICS consortium, which provides scholarship for master's and PhD degrees under the European Commission's prestigious
Erasmus Mundus The European Union The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of member states that are located primarily in Europe Europe is a which is also recognised as part of , located entirely in the and mostly in the . It ...
cooperation and mobility program. KIT operates several TCCON stations as part of an international collaborative effort to measure greenhouse gases globally. One station is near the campus. KIT is partner of the science project for urban and autonomous freight logistics, efeuCampus in
Bruchsal Bruchsal (orig. Bruohselle, Bruaselle, historically known in English as Bruxhall) is a city at the western edge of the Kraichgau The is a hilly region in Baden-Württemberg, southwestern Germany. It is bordered by the Odenwald and the N ...

Bruchsal
, which is funded by the state of
Baden-Württemberg Baden-Württemberg (; ) is a state (''Land'') in southwest Germany Southern Germany () as a region has no exact boundary but is generally taken to include the areas in which Upper German dialects are spoken. This corresponds roughly to the h ...
and the
European Union The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of member states that are located primarily in Europe Europe is a which is also recognised as part of , located entirely in the and mostly in the . It comprises the wester ...

European Union
. At the Institute for Conveying Technology and Logistics Systems (IFL), conveyor systems for intralogistics are being developed for the research project, which are used for mobile robotics and human-machine interaction. The project develops localization and navigation algorithms for an urban environment, which enable vehicles to navigate independently on the basis of laser and video data.


Rankings and reputation

In the ''Nature Index'' (1 August 2019 - 31 July 2020), which measures the scientific strength of different institutions on the basis of publications in 82 high-quality scientific journals, the KIT ranks first in the field of physical sciences among the universities in Germany, 6th in Europe, and 50th worldwide. Ranks two to five in Germany are followed by TU Munich and
LMU Munich Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (also referred to as LMU or the University of Munich; german: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München) is a public university, public research university located in Munich, Germany. The University of Munic ...
,
TU Dresden TU Dresden (for german: Technische Universität Dresden, abbreviated as TUD and often wrongly translated as "Dresden University of Technology") is a public research university, the largest institute of higher education in the city of Dresden ...

TU Dresden
, and
University of Erlangen-Nuremberg A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an educational institution, institution of higher education, higher (or Tertiary education, tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in various Discipline (academia), academic d ...
. According to a 2015 survey, KIT has produced the largest number of top managers among German universities, with 24 board members of the 100 largest German companies. The other places are followed by the
University of Cologne The University of Cologne (german: Universität zu Köln) is a university in Cologne, Germany. It was the sixth university to be established in Central Europe and, although it closed in 1798 before being re-established in 1919, it is now one of ...
(17), the
RWTH Aachen RWTH Aachen University () or ''Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen'RWTH'' is the abbreviation of ''Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule'', which translates into "Rheinish-Westphalian Technical University". The inst ...
(17), the
University of Mannheim The University of Mannheim (in German: ''Universität Mannheim''), abbreviated UMA, is a public university, public research university in Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Founded in 1967, the university has its origins in the ''Palatine ...

University of Mannheim
(13) and the LMU Munich (13). In the
CWTS Leiden Ranking The CWTS Leiden Ranking is an annual global university ranking College and university rankings are rankings A ranking is a relationship between a set of items such that, for any two items, the first is either "ranked higher than", "ranked low ...
of the year 2018, which is based exclusively on
bibliometrics Bibliometrics is the use of statistical methods to analyse books, articles and other publications. Bibliometric methods Bibliometrics is the use of statistical methods to analyse books, articles and other publications. Bibliometric methods a ...
to measure the research output of universities, KIT is ranked 39th worldwide in the engineering and natural sciences according to the "Impact" indicator and 35th worldwide according to the "Collaboration" indicator. In Germany, KIT is ranked first ahead of
RWTH Aachen University RWTH Aachen University () or ''Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen'RWTH'' is the abbreviation of ''Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule'', which translates into "Rheinish-Westphalian Technical University". The inst ...
(ranked 80th in each case) and TU Munich (ranked 89th and 79th in each case). Europe-wide, KIT is ranked 5th and 7th respectively. In the 2019
Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities The Performance Ranking of Scientific Papers for World Universities or NTU Ranking is a ranking system of world universities A university () is an of (or ) and which awards s in several . Universities typically offer both and programs in ...
released by the
National Taiwan University National Taiwan University (NTU; ; colloquially, ; / )The name of the university is translated using Chinese word order. By English grammar rules, it would be ''Taiwan National University'' or ''National University of Taiwan''. is a national ...

National Taiwan University
, KIT is ranked 1st in the fields of natural sciences and engineering in Germany. In the ranking of the German magazine
Wirtschaftswoche ''Wirtschaftswoche'' is a German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of Germany, see also German nationality law * ...

Wirtschaftswoche
, in which decision-makers of companies are asked about their preferences, KIT regularly occupies a position among the top 3 in the subjects
electrical engineering Electrical engineering is an engineering discipline concerned with the study, design, and application of equipment, devices, and systems which use electricity, electronics The field of electronics is a branch of physics and electrical enginee ...

electrical engineering
,
computer science Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information, algorithms and the architectures of its computation as well as practical techniques for their application. Computer science is the study of , , and . Computer science ...
,
mechanical engineering Mechanical engineering is an engineering Engineering is the use of scientific principles to design and build machines, structures, and other items, including bridges, tunnels, roads, vehicles, and buildings. The discipline of engineerin ...

mechanical engineering
, and
industrial engineering Industrial Engineering is an engineering profession that is concerned with the optimization of complex processes A process is a series or set of Action (philosophy), activities that interact to produce a result; it may occur once-only or be recu ...
in Germany. Especially in the field of computer science, the top position is often achieved. In the ''QS Graduate Employability Rankings 2017'', which follow a similar approach as the Wirtschaftswoche ranking on a global level, KIT is ranked 20th worldwide. Thus, KIT takes first place in Germany and fifth place in Europe. In the same ranking for 2018, KIT was able to defend its top position in Germany and further extend its lead over other German universities. In the
Webometrics Ranking of World Universities The Webometrics The science of webometrics (also cybermetrics) tries to measure the World Wide Web upright=1.35, A global map of the web index for countries in 2014 The World Wide Web (WWW), commonly known as the Web, is an information sy ...
for the year 2020, KIT ranks fourth among 455 listed universities and scientific institutions in Germany. KIT is a member of the
TU9 TU9 German Universities of Technology e. V. is the alliance of nine leading Technical Universities An institute of technology (also referred to as: technological university, technical university, university of technology, technological educat ...
German Institutes of Technology e.V. As part of the
German Universities Excellence Initiative The Excellence Initiative of the German Council of Science and Humanities The ''Wissenschaftsrat'' (''WR''; Council of Science and Humanities) is an advisory body to the German Federal Government and the state (''Länder'') governments. It makes ...
KIT was awarded an excellence status in 2006 and 2019. In the 2011 performance-ranking of scientific papers, Karlsruhe ranked first in Germany and among the top 10 universities in Europe in engineering and natural sciences.http://taiwanranking.lis.ntu.edu.tw/Default-EN.aspx In the worldwide ranking ''U-Multirank'' funded by the
European Union The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of member states that are located primarily in Europe Europe is a which is also recognised as part of , located entirely in the and mostly in the . It comprises the wester ...

European Union
, KIT is ranked 57th out of a total of 1610 universities across all categories in 2019. In Germany, KIT reaches the 1st place out of 99 universities examined. The following state universities are
LMU Munich Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich (also referred to as LMU or the University of Munich; german: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München) is a public university, public research university located in Munich, Germany. The University of Munic ...
, HU Berlin, and TU Munich. In the ''Research Ranking of the Association for Information Systems'' (AIS), KIT is ranked 5th in the Europe / Africa region for the period 2017-2019. KIT is therefore the best university in Germany and the
DACH region
DACH region
in terms of research performance in international business informatics. The research performance is quantified by publications in the top journals of the discipline ISR, MISQ, JMIS, and JAIS. Other German universities represented in the top 20 of the list are the
University of Mannheim The University of Mannheim (in German: ''Universität Mannheim''), abbreviated UMA, is a public university, public research university in Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Founded in 1967, the university has its origins in the ''Palatine ...

University of Mannheim
(7th place) and the
TU Darmstadt
TU Darmstadt
and
University of Cologne The University of Cologne (german: Universität zu Köln) is a university in Cologne, Germany. It was the sixth university to be established in Central Europe and, although it closed in 1798 before being re-established in 1919, it is now one of ...
(both on place 16). In the 2015 QS World University Rankings the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology achieved 93rd place in the global ranking across all disciplines and 62nd and 34th place in engineering and natural sciences, respectively. In the 2013 Taiwan ranking, KIT (world rank 61) retained its position as the best German University in the engineering and natural sciences, ranking in the engineering sciences ahead of the RWTH Aachen (world rank 89), the Technical University of Munich (world rank 94) and the Technical University of Dresden (world rank 108). For the natural sciences KIT (world rank 51) led the domestic comparison against the LMU Munich (world rank 62), the University of Heidelberg (world rank 72) and the Technical University of Munich (world rank 81). Ranked 26th place in computer science in the Times Higher Education Ranking 2016, KIT is one of the leading universities in computer science in Europe as well as worldwide. In the
Shanghai Ranking The ''Academic Ranking of World Universities'' (''ARWU''), also known as the Shanghai Ranking, is one of the annual publications of world university rankings. The league table was originally compiled and issued by Shanghai Jiao Tong University in 2 ...
by subject, which is also highly regarded internationally, KIT 2017 takes first place among German universities in the fields of "
Chemistry Chemistry is the scientific Science () is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge Knowledge is a familiarity or awareness, of someone or something, such as facts A fact is an occurrence in the real world. T ...

Chemistry
", "
Chemical Engineering Chemical engineering is a certain type of engineering Engineering is the use of scientific principles to design and build machines, structures, and other items, including bridges, tunnels, roads, vehicles, and buildings. The discipline ...
", "Instruments Science & Technology", "Water Resources", and "Transportation Science & Technology" and second place in Germany in the fields of "
Biotechnology Biotechnology is a broad area of biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their anatomy, physical structure, Biochemistry, chemical processes, Molecular biology, molecular interactions, Phy ...

Biotechnology
", "
Nanoscience Nanotechnology, also shortened to nanotech, is the use of matter on an atom An atom is the smallest unit of ordinary matter In classical physics and general chemistry, matter is any substance that has mass and takes up space by havi ...
&
Nanotechnology Nanotechnology, also shortened to nanotech, is the use of matter on an atom An atom is the smallest unit of ordinary matter In classical physics and general chemistry, matter is any substance that has mass and takes up space by havi ...

Nanotechnology
", "
Materials Science The interdisciplinary Interdisciplinarity or interdisciplinary studies involves the combination of two or more academic disciplines into one activity (e.g., a research project). It draws knowledge from several other fields like sociology, a ...
& Engineering", "Energy Science & Engineering", "Environmental Science & Engineering", and "
Metallurgical Engineering Metallurgy is a domain of Materials science, materials science and engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic Chemical element, elements, their Inter-metallic alloy, inter-metallic compounds, and their mixtures, which ...
". A place among the top three German universities is also achieved in the subjects "
Mechanical Engineering Mechanical engineering is an engineering Engineering is the use of scientific principles to design and build machines, structures, and other items, including bridges, tunnels, roads, vehicles, and buildings. The discipline of engineerin ...

Mechanical Engineering
", "
Physics Physics is the natural science that studies matter, its Elementary particle, fundamental constituents, its Motion (physics), motion and behavior through Spacetime, space and time, and the related entities of energy and force. "Physical scie ...

Physics
", "Telecommunication Engineering" and "Remote Sensing". In all of these subjects, with the exception of "Environmental Science & Engineering" and "Telecommunication Engineering", KIT is among the 100 best universities in the world, some even among the top 50. In addition, KIT has achieved a top 5 position in Germany in the subjects "Computer Science & Engineering" (4th place), "Electrical & Electronic Engineering", and "Food Science & Technology". In the 2018 edition of the Shanghai Ranking, KIT was ranked among the best 100 universities in the world in 13 subjects. The three subjects Atmospheric Science (16th place), Metallurgical Engineering (25th place), and Energy Science & Engineering (28th place) even achieved a place among the world's top 30 universities. In 2018, KIT improved, among other things, from 4th to 2nd place in the field of computer science, from 2nd to 1st place in the field of energy science & engineering, and from 5th to 4th place in the field of electrical & electronic engineering throughout Germany. In the 2019 edition of the Shanghai Ranking, KIT achieved and maintained its top position in the field of computer science. In the 2019 edition of the Shanghai Ranking, the KIT was ranked 8th worldwide in atmospheric research, making it one of the leading institutions in this field of research worldwide, ahead of renowned universities such as the
Columbia University Columbia University (also known as Columbia, and officially as Columbia University in the City of New York) is a Private university, private Ivy League research university in New York City. Established in 1754 as King's College on the grounds of ...

Columbia University
University (9th place), the
Princeton University Princeton University is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly tw ...

Princeton University
(17th place) and the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, aft ...
(20th place), the universities in
University of Oxford The University of Oxford is a collegiate university, collegiate research university in Oxford, England. There is evidence of teaching as early as 1096, making it the oldest university in the English-speaking world and the List of oldest universit ...
(29th place) and
University of Cambridge , mottoeng = Literal: From here, light and sacred draughts. Non literal: From this place, we gain enlightenment and precious knowledge. , established = , other_name = The Chancellor, Masters and Scholars of ...
(place 32) or the
Stanford University Stanford University, officially Leland Stanford Junior University, is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Du ...

Stanford University
(place 47). In the Shanghai Ranking 2019, KIT was able to achieve further first places in Germany in the subjects energy sciences, computer science, material sciences, nanotechnology, and transport sciences. In the ''University Ranking by Academic Performance'' (URAP) 2017/2018, KIT is ranked first in Germany in the subjects "Chemical Sciences" (world rank: 49), "Technology" (world rank: 54), "Nanoscience & Nanomaterials" (world rank: 58), "Materials Engineering" (world rank: 48), Chemical Engineering (ranked 43), Mechanical Engineering (ranked 58), Civil Engineering (ranked 76), Environmental Engineering (ranked 98), Meteorology & Atmospheric Sciences (ranked 15) and Transportation Science & Technology (ranked 123) Further top rankings are also achieved in "Physical Sciences" (rank Germany: 3; world rank: 55); "Mathematical Sciences" (rank Germany: 2; world rank: 66); "Engineering" (rank Germany: 3 (after rank 1 last year); world rank 107); "Electrical & Electronics Engineering" (rank Germany: 2; world rank: 70), "Information & Computing Sciences" (rank Germany: 2; world rank: 63), "Earth Sciences" (rank Germany: 2; world rank: 54), "Geology" (rank Germany: 5; world rank: 111), "Metallurgy Engineering" (rank Germany: 2; world rank: 34) and "Architecture" (rank Germany: 2; world rank: 71). According to the
Ranking of Scientific Impact of Leading European Research Universities
Ranking of Scientific Impact of Leading European Research Universities
, an official document compiled by the
European Commission The European Commission (EC) is the executive branch The executive is the branch of government exercising authority in and holding Moral responsibility, responsibility for the governance of a State (polity), state. The executive executes a ...

European Commission
, in 2004 Karlsruhe ranks second nationally and sixth in Europe in terms of scholarly impact. With the exception of the department of biology, in 2003 the university received more funding from the
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft The German Research Foundation (german: Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ; DFG ) is a German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * ...
than any other university specializing in the natural sciences in Germany. In the engineering sciences (computer science, electrical and mechanical engineering), the university is in the top three together with the
University of Stuttgart The University of Stuttgart (german: Universität Stuttgart) is a leading research university A research university is a university A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an educational institution, institution of higher education, hig ...

University of Stuttgart
and
RWTH Aachen RWTH Aachen University () or ''Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen'RWTH'' is the abbreviation of ''Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule'', which translates into "Rheinish-Westphalian Technical University". The inst ...
. In 2005, more than 20% of its students come from other nations and 0.6% of its students receive grants from the German Studienstiftung (German National Academic Foundation).


Computer facilities

The Steinbuch Centre for Computing (SCC), named after
Karl Steinbuch Karl W. Steinbuch (June 15, 1917 in Stuttgart, Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt – June 4, 2005 in Ettlingen) was a German Computer science, computer scientist, Cybernetics, cyberneticist, and Electrical engineering, electrical engineer. He was an earl ...
, was formed in 2008 when the main computer facilities of the University of Karlsruhe merged with those at Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe. It is responsible for the university's IP connectivity and provides central services (Mail, Web, campus management) for students and employees. It supplies students with 10 fully equipped computer rooms, one professional print office and a wireless network providing access to the whole campus area. Some departments, like computer science, physics, and mathematics, run their own computer facilities as well. The SCC operates some of the fastest computers in Germany: * HP XC3000 (334 nodes with 8 cores each, 27.04 T
FLOPS In computing Computing is any goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating computing machinery. It includes the study and experimentation of algorithmic processes and development of both computer hardware , hardware and ...

FLOPS
) * HP XC4000 (750 nodes with 4 cores each, 15.77 TFLOPS) * a cluster purchased by a corporation of institutes representing different disciplines (200 nodes with 8 cores each, 17.57 T
FLOPS In computing Computing is any goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating computing machinery. It includes the study and experimentation of algorithmic processes and development of both computer hardware , hardware and ...

FLOPS
) * the two vector parallel calculators NEC SX-8R and NEC SX-9 On 2 August 1984, Michael Rotert, a research fellow at University of Karlsruhe, received the first email ever sent to Germany, at his address ''rotert%germany@csnet-relay.csnet''. GridKa runs the
Rocks Cluster Distribution Rocks Cluster Distribution (originally NPACI Rocks) is a Linux distribution intended for high-performance computing (HPC) cluster (computing), clusters. It was started by National Partnership for Advanced Computational Infrastructure and the San ...
Linux distribution for supercomputers.


Libraries

The KIT Library with its two branches on Campus South and Campus North provides literature for research and study for about 25,000 students and 8000 scientists with a widespread, interdisciplinary book stock of over 2 million volumes, reports and 28,000 periodicals in print and electronic form. The emphasis of the collection lies in natural and engineering sciences. ; KIT Library South The 24-hour library at Campus South was extended in 2006. It offers many workplaces and an area for relaxing, and is now open around the clock. The combination of a special book security system and an automated issue desk makes it possible to use the 1000 workplaces anytime, day or night. Current and contemporary literature is freely accessible in four specialised reading rooms, each providing cross-linked, modern and well-equipped study and work stations as well as printers, scanners and copy machines. ; KIT Library North The research library at Campus North provides a large specialised book stock (especially reports and primary reports) on energy and nuclear energy. All literature is freely accessible to the user. Thirty modern workplaces, as well as printers, scanners, copy machines and cubicles for individual work are available. ; Further libraries at KIT Additional literature is located in two specialised reading rooms for chemistry and physics, as well as in the Library of the University of Applied Sciences at the Campus at Moltkestrasse, which is administrated by the KIT Library. The faculty of physics, the faculty of mathematics, the faculty of computer science, the faculty of architecture and the faculty of economics and management have their own libraries to supply students and researchers with topic-related literature.


Notable people


Professors

*
Karl Ferdinand Braun Karl Ferdinand Braun (; 6 June 1850 – 20 April 1918) was a German electrical engineer Electrical engineering is an engineering discipline concerned with the study, design, and application of equipment, devices, and systems which use el ...
(1850–1918), who developed the
cathode ray tube A cathode-ray tube (CRT) is a vacuum tube A vacuum tube, electron tube, valve (British usage), or tube (North America), is a device that controls electric current An electric current is a stream of charged particles, such as electrons ...

cathode ray tube
in 1897, which is widely used in
television Television, sometimes shortened to TV or telly, is a telecommunication Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over wire A wire is a single usually cylindrical A cylinder (from Gre ...

television
s; in 1909 he received the
Nobel Prize The Nobel Prizes ( ; sv, Nobelpriset ; no, Nobelprisen ) are five separate prizes that, according to Alfred Nobel Alfred Bernhard Nobel ( , ; 21 October 1833 – 10 December 1896) was a Swedish chemist, engineer, inventor, busines ...
for the invention *
Wolfgang Gaede Wolfgang Max Paul Gaede (25 May 1878 – 24 June 1945) was a German physicist A physicist is a scientist A scientist is a person who conducts scientific research The scientific method is an Empirical evidence, empirical method of ac ...
(1878–1945), who founded
vacuum A vacuum is a space Space is the boundless three-dimensional Three-dimensional space (also: 3-space or, rarely, tri-dimensional space) is a geometric setting in which three values (called parameter A parameter (from the Ancient Gr ...

vacuum
technology *
Franz Grashof Franz Grashof (11 July 1826 – 26 October 1893) was a German engineer. He was a professor of Applied Mechanics at the Technische Hochschule Karlsruhe The Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT; german: Karlsruher Institut für Technologie) is ...

Franz Grashof
(1826–1893), who significantly contributed to the understanding of free convection; the
Grashof Number The Grashof number (Gr) is a dimensionless number In dimensional analysis In engineering and science, dimensional analysis is the analysis of the relationships between different physical quantities by identifying their base quantity, base quant ...
was named after him *
Fritz Haber Fritz Haber (; 9 December 1868 – 29 January 1934) was a German chemist who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 for his invention of the Haber process, Haber–Bosch process, a method used in industry to synthesize ammonia from nit ...

Fritz Haber
(1868–1934), who developed the high-pressure synthesis of
ammonia Ammonia is a chemical compound, compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the chemical formula, formula NH3. A Binary compounds of hydrogen, stable binary hydride, and the simplest pnictogen hydride, ammonia is a colourless gas with a distinct ch ...

ammonia
in 1909 and won a
Nobel Prize in Chemistry ) , image = Nobel Prize.png , alt = A golden medallion with an embossed image of a bearded man facing left in profile. To the left of the man is the text "ALFR•" then "NOBEL", and on the right, the text (smaller) "NAT•" then "M ...
in 1918 *
Heinrich Hertz Heinrich Rudolf Hertz ( ; ; 22 February 1857 – 1 January 1894) was a German physicist A physicist is a scientist A scientist is a person who conducts scientific research The scientific method is an Empirical evidence, empi ...

Heinrich Hertz
(1857–1894) discovered
electromagnetic waves In physics Physics (from grc, φυσική (ἐπιστήμη), physikḗ (epistḗmē), knowledge of nature, from ''phýsis'' 'nature'), , is the natural science that studies matter, its Motion (physics), motion and behavior through ...

electromagnetic waves
in 1887, which are the basis for
radio Radio is the technology of signaling and telecommunication, communicating using radio waves. Radio waves are electromagnetic waves of frequency between 30 hertz (Hz) and 300 gigahertz (GHz). They are generated by an electronic device ...

radio
transmission, and after whom the
SI
SI
unit of
frequency Frequency is the number of occurrences of a repeating event per unit of time A unit of time is any particular time Time is the indefinite continued sequence, progress of existence and event (philosophy), events that occur in an apparen ...

frequency
, ''
hertz The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the unit Unit may refer to: Arts and entertainment * UNIT Unit may refer to: Arts and entertainment * UNIT, a fictional military organization in the science fiction television series ''Doctor Who'' * Unit of action ...

hertz
'' is named *
Karl Heun
Karl Heun
(1859–1929), who is known for his work on numerical integration and solutions to differential equations. He discovered the Heun method. * Otto Lehmann (1855–1922), the founder of
liquid crystal Liquid crystals (LCs) are a state of matter In physics Physics is the natural science that studies matter, its Elementary particle, fundamental constituents, its Motion (physics), motion and behavior through Spacetime, space and time ...
research *
Wilhelm Nusselt Ernst Kraft Wilhelm Nußelt (Nusselt in English; born November 25, 1882 in Nuremberg – died September 1, 1957 in München) was a German engineer. Nusselt studied mechanical engineering at the Munich Technical University (Technische Universitä ...
(1882–1957), the co-founder of technical
thermodynamics Thermodynamics is a branch of physics Physics is the that studies , its , its and behavior through , and the related entities of and . "Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in ot ...

thermodynamics
*
Ferdinand Redtenbacher Ferdinand Jakob Redtenbacher (July 25, 1809 in Steyr Steyr (; Central Bavarian Central Bavarian, also known as Central Austro-Bavarian, form a subgroup of Bavarian language, Bavarian dialects in large parts of Austria and the German state of Bava ...
(1809–1863), founder of science-based
mechanical engineering Mechanical engineering is an engineering Engineering is the use of scientific principles to design and build machines, structures, and other items, including bridges, tunnels, roads, vehicles, and buildings. The discipline of engineerin ...

mechanical engineering
in Germany *
Roland Scholl Roland Heinrich Scholl (30 September 1865 – 22 August 1945) was a Swiss chemist who taught at various European universities. Among his most notable achievements are the synthesis of coronene, the co-development of the Bally-Scholl synthesis, an ...
(1865–1945), discovered
coronene Coronene (also known as superbenzene) is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) comprising seven peri-fused benzene rings. Its chemical formula is . It is a yellow material that dissolves in common solvents including benzene, toluene, and dichlor ...

coronene
and contributed significantly to the field of organic chemistry in general *
Hermann Staudinger Hermann Staudinger (; 23 March 1881 – 8 September 1965) was a German organic chemist who demonstrated the existence of macromolecule macromolecule A macromolecule is a very large molecule File:Pentacene on Ni(111) STM.jpg, A scanning t ...

Hermann Staudinger
(1881–1965), who won the
Nobel Prize in Chemistry ) , image = Nobel Prize.png , alt = A golden medallion with an embossed image of a bearded man facing left in profile. To the left of the man is the text "ALFR•" then "NOBEL", and on the right, the text (smaller) "NAT•" then "M ...
in 1953 for his discoveries in the field of
macromolecular A macromolecule is a very large molecule A scanning tunneling microscopy image of pentacene molecules, which consist of linear chains of five carbon rings. A molecule is an electrically Electricity is the set of physical phenom ...
chemistry *
Karl Steinbuch Karl W. Steinbuch (June 15, 1917 in Stuttgart, Stuttgart-Bad Cannstatt – June 4, 2005 in Ettlingen) was a German Computer science, computer scientist, Cybernetics, cyberneticist, and Electrical engineering, electrical engineer. He was an earl ...
(1917–2005), a pioneer of computer science in Germany who coined the German term for the field, ''Informatik'', and made early contributions to
machine learning Machine learning (ML) is the study of computer algorithms that can improve automatically through experience and by the use of data. It is seen as a part of artificial intelligence. Machine learning algorithms build a model based on sample data ...

machine learning
and
artificial neural networks Artificial neural networks (ANNs), usually simply called neural networks (NNs), are computing system Computing is any goal-oriented activity requiring, benefiting from, or creating computing machinery. It includes the study and experimentat ...
* Ulrich Lemmer (born 1964), a pioneer of
organic semiconductors Organic semiconductors are solids whose building blocks are pi-bonded molecules or polymers made up by carbon and hydrogen atoms and – at times – heteroatoms such as nitrogen, sulfur and oxygen. They exist in form of molecular crystals or amorph ...
in Germany


Alumni

*
Johann Jakob Balmer Johann Jakob Balmer (1 May 1825 – 12 March 1898) was a Swiss Swiss may refer to: * the adjectival form of Switzerland , french: Suisse(sse), it, svizzero/svizzera or , rm, Svizzer/Svizra , government_type = Federalism, Federa ...
(1825–1898), Swiss mathematician and mathematical physicist *
Karl Benz Carl Friedrich Benz (; 25 November 1844 – 4 April 1929), sometimes also Karl Friedrich Benz, was a German engine designer and automotive engineer Engineers, as practitioners of engineering Engineering is the use of scientific metho ...

Karl Benz
(1844–1929), the inventor of the
automobile A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle A motor vehicle, also known as motorized vehicle or automotive vehicle, is a self-propelled vehicle, commonly wheeled, that does not operate on Track (rail transport), rails (such as trains o ...

automobile
, a graduate who also received an honorary doctorate in 1914 *
Martin Brudermüller Martin Brudermüller (born 1961) is a German businessman, and the CEO of BASF BASF SE is a German multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational ...
(born 1961), German businessman, CEO of
BASF BASF SE is a German multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational state, a sovere ...

BASF
*
Franz Fehrenbach
Franz Fehrenbach
(born 1949), chairman of
Robert Bosch GmbH Robert Bosch GmbH (; ), commonly known as Bosch, is a German multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple c ...
* Robert Gerwig (1820–1885), civil engineer responsible for the Black Forest Railway, the
Gotthard Railway The Gotthard railway (german: Gotthardbahn; it, Ferrovia del Gottardo) is the Swiss Swiss may refer to: * the adjectival form of Switzerland , french: Suisse(sse), it, svizzero/svizzera or , rm, Svizzer/Svizra , government_type ...
, and the Höllental Railway *
Hans Kollhoff Hans Kollhoff (b. Bad Lobenstein, Thuringia Thuringia (; german: Thüringen ), officially the Free State of Thuringia ( ), is a states of Germany, state of Germany. Located in central Germany, it covers , being the sixth smallest of the sixteen ...
(born 1946),
Postmodernist Postmodernism is an intellectual stance or mode of discourse defined by an attitude of skepticism Skepticism (American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known a ...
and
New Classical New classical macroeconomics, sometimes simply called new classical economics, is a school of thought in macroeconomics that builds its analysis entirely on a neoclassical economics, neoclassical framework. Specifically, it emphasizes the importan ...
architect *
Ludwig Levy Ludwig Levy (18 April 1854 – 30 November 1907) was a German Jews, Jewish architect of the Historicism (art), Historicist school. He designed a number of synagogues, amongst which was the huge Synagogue du Quai Kléber, Neue Synagoge in Strasbourg, ...
(1854–1907), Historicist architect * Sergey Padyukov (1922–1993), architect * Wilhelm Steinkopf (1879–1949), University of Karlsruhe alumni and professor, co-developer of a method for the mass production of mustard gas during World War I * Edward Teller (1908–2003), who is known as the originator of the hydrogen bomb * Roland Mack (born 1949), co-founder of Europa-Park, one of the most popular theme parks in Europe * Oswald Mathias Ungers (1926–2007), Rationalism (architecture), rationalist architect * Fritz Noether (1884–1941), mathematician and brother of Emmy Noether * Hasso Plattner (born 1944), Dietmar Hopp (born 1940), Klaus Tschira (1940–2015), three of five co-founders of SAP SE, SAP * Stefan Quandt (born 1966), businessman and major BMW shareholder * Franz Reuleaux (1829–1905), a pioneer of kinematics and rector of the Berlin University of Technology * Leopoldo Rother (1894–1978), architect who designed the campus of National University of Colombia in Bogotá * Leopold Ružička (1887–1976), winner of the 1939
Nobel Prize The Nobel Prizes ( ; sv, Nobelpriset ; no, Nobelprisen ) are five separate prizes that, according to Alfred Nobel Alfred Bernhard Nobel ( , ; 21 October 1833 – 10 December 1896) was a Swedish chemist, engineer, inventor, busines ...
in Chemistry * Peter Sanders (computer scientist), Peter Sanders (born 1967), computer scientist who won the Leibniz Prize in 2012 * Amin Shokrollahi (born 1964), Iranian mathematician * Emil Škoda (1839–1900), the founder of the industrial conglomerate Škoda Works * Albert Speer (1905–1981), Adolf Hitler's chief architect * Carsten Spohr (born 1966), CEO of Lufthansa * August Thyssen (1842–1926), industrialist who founded the steel producer Thyssen AG, a predecessor of ThyssenKrupp, and co-founded RWE, one of the largest German electric utilities companies today * Ivan Vasilyov (1893–1979), architect of the Bulgarian National Bank headquarters and the Ministry of Defence * Herbert Wetterauer (born 1957), painter, sculptor, and author * Rolf Wideröe (1902–1996), Norwegian accelerator physicist * Alvis Johnsen (born 1980), Norwegian [Engineer and Contractor] * Dieter Zetsche (born 1953), chairman of Daimler AG and head of Mercedes-Benz Cars


Other

* Georg von Hevesy (1886–1966), winner of the 1943
Nobel Prize The Nobel Prizes ( ; sv, Nobelpriset ; no, Nobelprisen ) are five separate prizes that, according to Alfred Nobel Alfred Bernhard Nobel ( , ; 21 October 1833 – 10 December 1896) was a Swedish chemist, engineer, inventor, busines ...
for his key role in the development of radioactive tracers to study chemical processes such as in the metabolism of animals, worked with
Fritz Haber Fritz Haber (; 9 December 1868 – 29 January 1934) was a German chemist who received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1918 for his invention of the Haber process, Haber–Bosch process, a method used in industry to synthesize ammonia from nit ...

Fritz Haber
at University of Karlsruhe without formal appointment


Rectors

* 1968 – 1983 Heinz Draheim * 1983 – 1994 Heinz Kunle * 1994 – 2002 Sigmar Wittig * 2002 – 2009 Horst Hippler * 2009–2012: Horst Hippler and Eberhard Umbach * 2012–2013: Eberhard Umbach * since 1 October 2013: Holger HanselkaSenat bestätigt die Wahl von Holger Hanselka
Press release 078/2013 of the KIT


Digital Celebrity

* Dhruv Rathee - Indian YouTuber. Rathee has a Bachelors in Technology From KIT, where he also completed his master's specialised in renewable energy.


Points of interest

* Botanischer Garten der Universität Karlsruhe, the university's botanical garden


Notes and references


External links


Official website of the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
{{DEFAULTSORT:Karlsruhe Institute Of Technology Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Universities and colleges in Karlsruhe Multidisciplinary research institutes Educational institutions established in 1825 Educational institutions established in 2009 Architecture schools in Germany 2009 establishments in Germany Creative Commons books publishing companies Universities and colleges formed by merger in Germany