Joseph Andrew Unanue (March 14, 1925 – June 12, 2013) was a New York-born son of Spanish parents who was the president of Goya Foods
, the largest Hispanic
–owned food company in the United States
After a Catholic upbringing and education in New York, Unanue served in the United States Army
during World War II, and was awarded the Bronze star
for bravery. He subsequently returned to New York and joined the company his father had founded, Goya Foods
. He rose to become president in 1978, a position he held until 2004.
Unanue was made a knight of the Order of Malta
, and was awarded several honorary doctorates. He died of pulmonary fibrosis in 2013.
Unanue's father, Prudencio Unanue Ortiz
, was born in Villasana de Mena
in the province of Burgos
, in northern Spain. He emigrated to Puerto Rico
, where he met a young Spanish girl by the name of Carolina Casal, whose parents also had immigrated to Puerto Rico from Galicia
. They were married in the island in 1921 and soon after moved to New York City
and settled in Brooklyn
where Joseph Unanue was born.
Prudencio Unanue worked as a broker for Spanish
companies doing business in the U.S.
He soon realized that there was a need for Hispanic products in New York City, and in 1936 he founded Goya Foods
, a food distributing company, in Manhattan
Prudencio Unanue was very serious about his children's education and enrolled them in Catholic
schools. Joseph attended St. Joseph's Grammar School and later St. Cecilia's High School. Since childhood and when not in school, Unanue and his brothers had to work in the family business. His special job was bottling olives
. In 1943, he graduated from high school but, since World War II
was in full swing, he was drafted into the United States Army
World War II
After basic training, Unanue attended the University of Puget Sound
in Tacoma, Washington
. However, due to the intensity of the war, he was soon sent to the battlefield. In 1944, his Army company
landed in France
and soon joined General George S. Patton
's 3rd Army at the Battle of the Bulge
. Unanue was only 19 years old and a Private First Class
when his sergeant
died in action. He was then named sergeant in the field and made platoon
leader. Unanue pulled his men to safety and was awarded the Bronze Star
In 1946, after Unanue returned home, he enrolled in The Catholic University of America
in Washington, D.C.
, where he graduated with a degree in Mechanical Engineering
. He joined the family business, together with his brothers Tony and Frank Unanue. He learned every facet of the food industry. At first, the major supermarkets, such as A&P
weren't interested in selling anything with the Hispanic demography in mind. Eventually, with the wave of Hispanic immigrants landing in the United States, the supermarket industry started to take notice. Goya Foods started to supply Safeway's Supermarket in Harlem
and the rest soon followed.
In 1956, Unanue married Carmen Ana de Casal, a Puerto Rican
art collector and philanthropist with whom he had six children and 16 grandchildren.
In 1976, Unanue was named president of the company, whose principal base of operations was by then in New Jersey
. His brother Frank ran Goya de Puerto Rico, Inc., located in Bayamon, Puerto Rico
. Under Joseph's leadership, the company became the largest Hispanic–owned food distributor in the United States, with sales of over $800 million a year and with over 2,000 employees. Goya Foods grew to have more than a dozen facilities in the continental United States, while affiliated companies operate in Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, and Spain.
In 1985, Unanue's son Joseph F. Unanue was named Vice President of Operations, a position he held until 1998 when he died of cancer. His younger son, Andy Unanue
, was named to replace Joseph F. Unanue.
In February 2004, after 27 years as president of Goya Foods, 78-year-old Joseph and his son Andy were ousted from the company by Joseph's two nephews. Joseph Unanue resided in Alpine, New Jersey
with his wife Carmen Ana and continued to participate in civic and cultural activities.
In 2008, his son Andy
was briefly a candidate for the Republican
nomination for a U.S. Senate seat in New Jersey
. He announced his candidacy on March 23, 2008, and filed petitions for the race on April 7, 2008. However, he dropped out of the race four days later, and his committee on vacancies designated former Congressman Dick Zimmer
to enter the race under the Unanue petitions.
He died of complications of pulmonary fibrosis
Among the many distinctions that Joseph Unanue received was being knighted by the Order of Malta
. He was presented with the key to the city of Boston, Massachusetts
. In 1991 he was presented with the National Hispanic Achievement Award, and was twice named the "Man of the Year" by the National Conference of Christians and Jews
. The National Suppliers Association presented him with the Leadership Award.
Unanue received honorary doctorates from Mercy College
and Long Island University
in New York, and from Felician College
in New Jersey. The Catholic University of America has named one of its campus houses "The Joseph Unanue House".
Military awards and decorations
Among Unanue's decorations are the following:
* Bronze Star
* American Defense Service Medal
* American Campaign Medal
*60px World War II Victory Medal
*List of Puerto Ricans
External linksJoseph A. Unanue Latino Institute
Category:Catholic University of America alumni
Category:American chief executives of food industry companies
Category:American people of Spanish descent
Category:American people of Basque descent
Category:American people of Puerto Rican descent
Category:People from Alpine, New Jersey
Category:Puerto Rican Army personnel
Category:United States Army soldiers
Category:Deaths from pulmonary fibrosis
Category:Mercy College (New York) alumni
Category:United States Army personnel of World War II