Joseph Bohomiel Lapchick (April 12, 1900 – August 10, 1970) was an American professional basketball
player, mostly known for playing with the Original Celtics
in the 1920s and 1930s. He is commonly regarded as the best center of his era, overshadowed (if anything) in his later years only by Tarzan Cooper
. After ending his playing career in 1937, Lapchick became head coach at St. John's University
, a position he held until 1947, when he took over the New York Knicks
in the NBA
. Lapchick coached the Knicks until 1957, leading them to three consecutive NBA Finals
appearances (1951–53). He returned to St. John's, coaching them until 1965.
From star player to successful coach to popular author to respected dignitary, Joe Lapchick played a variety of roles in his more than 50 years in the game of basketball. He was an eminently influential figure who helped nurture the sport from its crude beginnings into its modern form.
Born in Yonkers, New York
to Czech immigrants
, Lapchick as a boy helped his struggling family make ends meet by scrounging for coal near railroad tracks. At age 12 the youngster started playing basketball around his neighborhood, wearing a uniform his mother had made for him. Like many youngsters of the era, he stopped going to school after the eighth grade. While working as a caddie
and in a factory, the 15-year-old found he could make $5 to $10 per night playing for local basketball teams. At age 19 he was suiting up for four different touring teams, such as the Holyoke Reds
, Brooklyn Visitations
, and Troy Trojans
, and pocketing up to $100 per game. Basketball became his life.
Lapchick was rangy at 6-foot-5, making him a valuable commodity at a time when a jump ball was held after every basket. "I played one manager against the other," he said years later. "I bargained with the managers for every game. When there was a clash of dates, I took the best offer."
In 1923 he joined the fabled Original Celtics
(a team that was the second incarnation of the New York Celtics, which had disbanded during World War I
). At first the team eschewed league play, choosing instead to barnstorm throughout the Northeast and wow crowds with its razzle-dazzle style of play. Conditions were spartan. When a large cut on Lapchick's wrist became infected with uniform dye, a teammate rubbed off the scab with a towel and doused the wound with whiskey. Luckily for Lapchick, the treatment worked.
The Celtics joined the American Basketball League
in 1926 and won two straight titles. So dominant were Lapchick, Nat Holman
, and the rest of the Celtics that the league insisted the team disband. It did, in 1928. Lapchick and two other former Celtics then joined the Cleveland Rosenblums
, a team owned by a department store magnate who had named the team after himself. With Lapchick starring at the pivot, the "Rosenblum Celtics" won two straight ABL titles
The Great Depression
forced an end to the ABL in 1931
. Still a young man, Lapchick re-formed the Celtics with Dutch Dehnert
, Davey Banks
, Nat Hickey
, Johnny Beckman
, Carl Husta
and him. They hit the road for five years, with Lapchick handling driving duties, and Kate Smith
singing "God Bless America" at games.
In 1936 Lapchick landed the coaching job at St. John's University
, New York City
. In 11 seasons he steered the Redmen to a 180-55 record and two consecutive National Invitation Tournament
titles, in 1943 and 1944. Overwhelmed by stress, Lapchick fainted during the second half of the 1944 final game. In 1947 he passed up a then-astronomical offer of $12,000 per year to stay at St. John's, opting instead to accept a job as coach of the New York Knickerbockers
of the fledgling Basketball Association of America
. Landing Lapchick was a big boost to the league, which was in only its second year of operation. He signed Nathaniel "Sweetwater" Clifton
to the Knicks, one of the league's first African-American players.
As a star center with the Original Celtics
and other barnstorming teams, a college coach at St. John's
, an NBA
coach with the New York Knicks
, and an ambassador of the sport, Lapchick cast a broad shadow across the game and its history.
Though a slick player and an admired coach, Lapchick was perhaps best known for his obsessive worrying and anxiety during games. He lived every second of every game as though it were the last tick of the clock. Stress related health problems ended his professional coaching career and caused an occasional on-court fainting spell and even a few heart attacks.
Lapchick was respected for his motivational coaching style, which focused less on mechanics than on eliciting peak performances from his players. Stressing a freewheeling offensive approach and smooth ballhandling, Lapchick built winners at both the college and pro levels. As a player, Lapchick had sharp passing and shooting skills that made him one of the first great pro centers and that helped his teams win several championships.
Continuing to emphasize his themes of personal achievement and responsibility, Lapchick led the Knicks to eight straight winning seasons and eight trips to the playoffs, including three straight NBA Finals
from 1951 to 1953. The 1953–54
Knicks were more than just a team of talented players; eight of them went on to coach pro or college teams, a tribute to Lapchick's leadership. Though a great motivator, Lapchick was a wild man on the sidelines, stomping on his coat, smashing chairs, and tossing various objects into the air. Stress-related health problems forced him to quit near the end of the 1955–56 season
. He left the Knicks with a 326-247 NBA coaching record.
Lapchick rested for only a month before returning to St. John's, where in nine more seasons he led the Redmen to two more NIT
crowns, giving them a record four titles. Lapchick wasn't just his players’ basketball coach; he monitored their academic performance as well. The school's mandatory-retirement rules forced Lapchick, a two-time college Coach of the Year, to step down after the 1964–65 season at age 65. He had several heart attacks that year. The season ended with the Redmen upsetting Villanova
, 55-51, in an emotional NIT
Describing his final season at St. John's, Lapchick told the Washington, D.C.–based ''Evening Star'': "I used to double up with chest pains. Sometimes I couldn’t even talk to the team during halftime."
Lapchick turned to writing. In 1968 he wrote ''50 Years of Basketball,'' a book that was both a compilation of stories from Lapchick's early days as a player and an explanation of his coaching philosophy. As one of basketball's most prominent elder statesmen, Lapchick also stayed active as a spokesman for the sport.
He died of a heart attack in Monticello, New York
, in 1970 at age 70.
Legacy and honors
* Lapchick was elected to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame
as a member of the Original Celtics in 1959 and as an individual in 1966.
* In his memory, St. John's created an annual preseason college basketball tournament entitled the Lapchick Memorial Tournament
Lapchick married Elizabeth Sarubbi in 1931; they had one daughter and had two sons. Barbara Lapchick was one of the original Ford models and graduated from Barnard College. Dr. Richard Lapchick
is a human rights activist working for racial equality, an internationally recognized expert on sports issues, a scholar and an author. Lapchick is the Endowed Chair and Director of the DeVos Sport Business Management Program
at the College of Business Administration
, University of Central Florida
. He is also President/CEO of the National Consortium for Academics and Sport (NCAS), a school outreach program which focuses on teaching youth how to improve race relations, and develop conflict resolution skills.
Joseph Lapchick graduated from the USMA and took a commission in the USAF. He earned a PhD at Harvard. He was superintendent of schools in Aspen, Colorado, and later an area superintendent in Philadelphia.
BasketballReference.com: Joe Lapchick
Category:American Basketball League (1925–1955) players
Category:American men's basketball coaches
Category:American men's basketball players
Category:American people of Czech descent
Category:Basketball coaches from New York (state)
Category:Basketball players from New York (state)
Category:Cleveland Rosenblums players
Category:College men's basketball head coaches in the United States
Category:Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame inductees
Category:New York Knicks head coaches
Category:Original Celtics players
Category:Sportspeople from Yonkers, New York
Category:St. John's Red Storm baseball coaches
Category:St. John's Red Storm men's basketball coaches