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Li Lianjie (courtesy name
Yangzhong; born 26 April 1963), better known by his stage name
Jet Li, is a Chinese-born Singaporean
film actor, film producer, martial artist
, and retired Wushu
champion who was born in Beijing
After three years of training with acclaimed Wushu teacher Wu Bin
, Li won his first national championship for the Beijing Wushu Team. After retiring from competitive Wushu at age 19, he went on to win great acclaim in China as an actor, making his debut with the film ''Shaolin Temple
'' (1982). He went on to star in many critically acclaimed martial arts epic films, most notably as the lead in Zhang Yimou
(2002), ''Fist of Legend
'' (1994), and the first three films in the ''Once Upon a Time in China
'' series (1991–1993), in which he portrayed folk hero Wong Fei-hung
Li's first role in a non-Chinese film was as a villain in ''Lethal Weapon 4
'' (1998), and his first leading role in a Hollywood film was as Han Sing in ''Romeo Must Die
'' (2000). He has gone on to star in many international action films, including in French cinema with the Luc Besson
-produced films ''Kiss of the Dragon
'' (2001) and ''Unleashed
'' (2005). He co-starred in ''The One
'' (2001) and ''War
'' (2007) with Jason Statham
, ''The Forbidden Kingdom
'' (2008) with Jackie Chan
, all three of ''The Expendables
'' films with Sylvester Stallone
, and as the title character villain in ''The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor
Early life and martial arts career
Li was born in Beijing, China and was the youngest of two boys and two girls. When he was two years old, his father died and his family then lived in poverty.
Li was eight when his talent for Wushu was noticed as he practiced at a school summer course.
He then attended a non-sparring
wushu event, followed by joining the Beijing Wushu Team
which did a martial art display at the All China Games
. Renowned coaches Li Junfeng
and Wu Bin
made extra efforts to help the talented boy develop. Wu Bin even bought food for Li's family because they could not afford to buy meat, which was essential for an athlete's physical condition.
A very young Li competed against adults
and was the national all-around champion from 1975 to 1979.
According to Li, once, as a child, when the Chinese National Wushu Team went to perform for President Richard Nixon
in the United States, he was asked by Nixon to be his personal bodyguard. Li replied, "I don't want to protect any individual. When I grow up, I want to defend my one billion Chinese countrymen!"
Li is a master of several styles of wushu, especially Chángquán
(Northern Longfist Style) and Fānziquán
(Tumbling Fist). He has also studied other arts including Baguazhang
(Eight Trigram Palm), Taijiquan
(Supreme Ultimate Fist), Xing Yi Quan
(Shape Intent Fist), Zui Quan
(Drunken Fist), Ying Zhao Quan
(Eagle Claw Fist) and Tanglangquan
Fist). He did not learn Nanquan
(Southern Fist), because his training focused only in the Northern Shaolin
Styles. He has also mastered wushu's main weapons, such as Sanjiegun
(Three Section Staff), Gùn
Li retired from competitive wushu when he was only 18 due to a knee injury, but became an assistant coach of the Beijing Wushu team for a few years. Li's martial arts prowess would eventually contribute to his domestic and international fame.
Chinese and Hong Kong films
The fame gained by his sports winnings led to a career as a martial arts film star, beginning in mainland China
and then continuing into Hong Kong
. Li acquired his screen name in 1982 in the Philippines
when a publicity company thought his real name was too hard to pronounce. They likened his career to an aircraft, which likewise "takes-off" as quickly, so they placed the name Jet Li on the movie posters. Soon everybody was calling him by this new name, which was also based on the nickname, "Jet", given to him as a young student, due to his speed and grace when training with the Beijing Wushu team. He made his debut with the 1982 film ''Shaolin Temple
''. Some of his more famous Chinese films include:
* The ''Shaolin Temple
'' series (1, 2 and 3), which are considered to be the films which sparked the rebirth of the real Shaolin Temple
in Dengfeng, China;
* The ''Once Upon a Time in China
'' series (Chinese title: ''Wong Fei Hung''), about the legendary Chinese folk hero Master Wong Fei Hung
* ''Fist of Legend
'' (Chinese title: ''Jing Wu Ying Xiong''), a remake of Bruce Lee
's ''Fist of Fury
* The ''Fong Sai Yuk
'' films about another Chinese folk hero.
Li starred in the 1995 film ''High Risk
'', where Li plays a Captain who becomes disillusioned after his wife is murdered by crime lords. Along the way, he pairs up with a wacky sell-out actor, Frankie (played by Jacky Cheung
), and proceeds to engage in a series of violent battles in a high-rise building. The setting is similar to that of ''Die Hard
'' and both their Chinese film titles. This movie is notable in that director Wong Jing
had such a terrible experience working with Jackie Chan
in Jing's previous film ''City Hunter
'' that he chose to make Cheung's character a biting satire of Chan. Li would later publicly apologise to Chan for taking part in it.
Li had two wuxia
feature films released in 2011, ''The Sorcerer and the White Snake
'' and ''Flying Swords of Dragon Gate
''; the latter was helmed by Tsui Hark
To promote tai chi
, in 2012, Li starred in a film titled ''Tai Chi'' and co-produced the movie with Chen Kuo-Fu. Li portrayed Tai Chi master Yang Luchan
In 1998, he made his international film debut in ''Lethal Weapon 4
'' which also marked the first time he had ever played a villain in a film. He agreed to do ''Lethal Weapon 4'' after the producer Joel Silver
promised to give him the leading role in his next film, ''Romeo Must Die
'' (2000), alongside late singer Aaliyah
. The film became a box office hit. Though Li spoke very little English at the time of production, his performance as Chinese mafia hitman Wah Sing Ku was praised.
Li turned down Chow Yun-fat
's role in ''Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
'' (2000) because he promised his wife that he would not make any films during her pregnancy. He also turned down the role of Seraph
in ''The Matrix
'' trilogy, based on his belief that the role was not one which required his skills and that the films were iconic and stunning enough without adding his name to the cast list. Li was also cast as Kato
in ''The Green Hornet
'' when the film was still in development in 2000. In 2001, it was moved to another studio. When the film was moved on again and released in 2011, the role of Kato was portrayed by Jay Chou
In 2001, he appeared in two more films: ''The One
'', which was the first of his films with Jason Statham
, and ''Kiss of the Dragon
'' opposite Bridget Fonda
which did moderately well at the box office. In July 2001, Li agreed to produce and star in an action film with Jackie Chan
which was to be released in 2002 or 2003, but no further news of their collaboration surfaced until 2006. In 2002, the period martial arts epic film ''Hero
'' was released in the Chinese market. This film was both a commercial and critical success and became the highest-grossing motion picture in Chinese film history
at the time. In 2003 he reunited with producer Joel Silver for the action thriller film ''Cradle 2 the Grave
'' where he starred alongside rapper DMX
and fellow martial artist Mark Dacascos
. In 2004, Li lent his likeness, voice and provided motion capture work for the video game ''Jet Li: Rise to Honor
Li was presented the Visionary Award by East West Players, the oldest Asian American
theatre in the United States, in 2002 by contemporary John Woo
. The award recognizes "artists who have raised the visibility of the Asian Pacific American community through theater, film and television." He delivered his acceptance speech in his native language of Mandarin.
Li took on a more serious role in the 2005 film, ''Unleashed
'' (a.k.a. ''Danny the Dog''), where he portrayed an adult with the mentality of a child who has been raised like an animal. Although his martial arts skills were used extensively, it was a somber film with more depth than had been previously seen in Li's films, and co-starred dramatic actors Bob Hoskins
and Morgan Freeman
In 2006, the martial arts film
'', was released worldwide. Although he will continue to make martial arts films, ''Fearless'' is his last wushu epic. In ''Fearless'', he played Huo Yuanjia
, the real-life founder of Chin Woo Athletic Association
, who reportedly defeated foreign boxers and Japanese martial artists in publicised events at a time when China's power was seen as eroding. Together with the film ''Fist of Legend
'', Li has portrayed both Chen Jun, the student and avenger of Huo Yuanjia (a.k.a. Fok Yun Gap), as well as Huo Yuanjia himself. ''Fearless'' was released on 26 January 2006 in Hong Kong, followed by a 22 September 2006 release in the United States where it reached second place in its first weekend.
Li has stated in an interview with the ''Shenzhen Daily'' newspaper that this will be his last martial arts epic, which is also stated in the film's television promotions. However, he plans to continue his film career in other genres. Specifically, he plans to continue acting in epic action and martial arts films dealing more with religious and philosophical issues.
Li's 2007 Hollywood film, ''War
'', was released in August of that year, and re-teamed him with actor Jason Statham
, who previously starred with him in ''The One'', and action choreographer Corey Yuen
. ''War'' raked in a disappointing at the box office, becoming one of Li's lowest grossers in America; however, it was a hit on video, accumulating nearly in rental revenue, more than doubling its box office take. With the exception of ''Romeo Must Die
'' and the worldwide release of ''Hero
'', most of Li's American/Western films have been only modest hits like ''Kiss of the Dragon
'', ''The One
'', ''Cradle 2 the Grave
'', and the worldwide release of ''Fearless
Li in 2006
In late 2007, Li returned again to China to participate in the China/Hong Kong co-production of the period war film ''The Warlords
'' with Andy Lau
and Takeshi Kaneshiro
. This film, with its focus on dramatics rather than martial arts, netted Li the Hong Kong Film Award for Best Actor
Li and fellow martial arts veteran Jackie Chan
finally appeared together onscreen for the first time in ''The Forbidden Kingdom
'', which began filming in May 2007 and was released to critical and commercial success on 18 April 2008. The film was based on the legend of the Monkey King
from the Chinese folk novel ''Journey to the West
''. Li also starred as the lead villain Emperor Han in the fantasy action film ''The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor
'' with actors Brendan Fraser
, Isabella Leong
and Michelle Yeoh
After a one-year hiatus from filmmaking, Li returned to acting in 2010, portraying a mercenary in the film ''The Expendables
'', teaming up with action stars Sylvester Stallone
, Jason Statham
, Dolph Lundgren
, Mickey Rourke
, Eric Roberts
, Steve Austin
, Terry Crews
, and Randy Couture
. It was the third time he had teamed up with Statham. In 2012, he reprised his role briefly in the sequel ''The Expendables 2
'' and returned for the third film ''The Expendables 3
'' in 2014. Li was initially stated to be appearing with Vin Diesel
in ''XXX: Return of Xander Cage
'', but according to a Facebook post by Diesel, Li was replaced by Donnie Yen
Li was cast as the Emperor of China for the 2020 live action movie, ''Mulan
Li is a practitioner of Tibetan Buddhism
. His master is Lho Kunsang.
In 1987, Li married Beijing Wushu Team member and ''Kids from Shaolin'' co-star Huang Qiuyan, with whom he has two daughters, Si and Taimi. They divorced in 1990. In 1999, Li married Nina Li Chi
(born Li Zhi), a Shanghai-born, Hong Kong-based actress. He has two daughters with her, Jane (born 2000) and Jada (born 2002).
He was in the Maldives
when a tsunami
hit during the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake
. Although it was widely reported at the time that he had died during the disaster, he only suffered a minor foot injury, caused by a piece of floating furniture while he was guiding his 4-year-old daughter Jane and the nanny holding his 1-year-old daughter Jada to safety of higher ground amid dangerously rising ocean water. The four of them were by the pool and slightly above the beach when the wave came ashore, barely escaping to the upper floors of a hotel building.
["My Turn: The Tsunami That Changed My Life."](_blank)
, ''Newsweek.com'' 6 October 2008
Li was appointed by the Chinese Wushu Association as the "Image Ambassador of Wushu," (or IWUF
ambassador) at the 2007 World Wushu Championships
In 2009, Li, who previously had US citizenship after years working in the United States, renounced his US citizenship
He was thought to have taken up Singaporean citizenship
, although Singaporean authorities did not initially provide any confirmation of this. On 28 July 2009, the chairman of One Foundation (the charity fund of Li) announced that Li had indeed become a Singaporean citizen.
He was said to have chosen Singapore for its education system for his two younger daughters.
In 2009, he launched his own fitness program, Wuji. The programme consists of elements of martial arts, yoga
launched a special clothing line for it that bears the initials of "JL".
In 2013, Li revealed that he suffers from hyperthyroidism
and had been dealing with the issue for the past three years. In 2016, he stated that he had recovered from his illness and that accepting fewer film offers was due to his charity work and not because of his health conditions.
In his free time he likes to play badminton and table tennis, ride his bicycle, read and meditate. He collects rare Tibetan beads
. He says he is never bored in his free time.
Views on life and martial arts
Li, as a Buddhist, believes that the difficulties of everyday life can be overcome with the help of religious philosophies.
He thinks that fame is not something he can control; therefore, he does not care about it.
According to Li, everything he has ever wanted to tell the world can be found in three of his films: the message of ''Hero
'' is that the suffering of one person can never be as significant as the suffering of a nation; ''Unleashed
'' shows that violence is never a solution; and ''Fearless
'' tells that the biggest enemy of a person is himself. Li thinks that the greatest weapon is a smile and the largest power is love.
About Wushu, he said that he believes the essence of martial arts is not power or speed but inner harmony, and considers it a sad development that today's Wushu championships place greater emphasis on form than on the essence of being a martial artist. He believes Wushu now lacks individuality and competitors move like machines, whereas according to his views Wushu should not be considered a race where the fastest athlete wins. He would like to see Wushu as a form of art, where artists have a distinctive style. Li blames the new competition rules that, according to him, place limitations on martial artists.
Li believes that Wushu is not primarily for self-defense and instead of trying to play the hero people should think about peaceful resolutions of conflicts and call the police if necessary:
"A gun outdoes years of martial arts training in a split second. Like I've said many times before, it is important to differentiate between movies and reality. The hero in movies may be able to knock the gun off his opponent and save the day, but in real life – probably that is not the case."
He has also stated that he has never had to use his martial arts skills in a real-life fight and he does not wish to, either.
Li speaks at the World Economic Forum
in Tianjin, China, September 2008
Li has been a "philanthropic ambassador" of the Red Cross Society of China
since January 2006. He contributed 500,000 yuan () of box office revenues from his film ''Fearless'' to the Red Cross' psychological sunshine project, which promotes mental health.
In April 2007, touched by his life-shaking experience in the Maldives when he was close to dying during the 2004 tsunami, Li formed his own non-profit foundation called The One Foundation
. The One Foundation supports international disaster relief efforts in conjunction with the Red Cross as well as other efforts, including mental health awareness and suicide prevention. Since the starting of the foundation, Li has been involved with recovery efforts in seven disasters, including the 2008 Sichuan earthquake
and Typhoon Morakot
in Taiwan. In the 2013 Lushan earthquake
, Sichuan, Li and other members of the entertainment sector were the first to appeal for donations of money, goods and materials to help the victims of the disaster. Wu Jing
was a One Foundation volunteer and helped in the effort.
Li discussed his commitment to philanthropy in an interview with the December 2009 issue of ''Alliance'' magazine, stating that "grassroots non-government organizations can help the government in its blind spots. Government relief is not always detail-oriented. Grassroots NGOs can't be as big as a government effort, but they need to be flexible and independent."
In September 2010, he was appointed by the International Red Cross as the first Good Will Ambassador. He posted online, saying:
"Today I signed a deal with the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies – IFRC – to become the FIRST goodwill ambassador in the history of this humanitarian organization. I am very honored! At the same time, I will not pause to celebrate, but instead keep pushing forward and do my best to help the world! Thank you all once again for your support and belief in me!"
It was also announced in September 2010, when Li was attending his wax unveiling ceremony in Hong Kong Madame Tussauds, that Li would be meeting Bill Gates and Warren Buffett to talk about charity work. "Three days ago, I received an email from Gates, hoping I could make time because he and Buffett hoped I could go for a 30-minute chat before the dinner about the future we face as human beings, so I will go," Li said.
He founded Taiji Zen in 2011, along with co-founder Executive chairman Jack Ma
. Taiji Zen combined the martial art of Taijiquan
(a.k.a. T'ai Chi Chuan) with practices such as meditation
. It packaged these into several different classes and online programs.
By US box office
statistics, the most successful Jet Li film as of August 2010 is ''Lethal Weapon 4
'', which grossed over $130 million domestically, while the second is ''The Expendables
'' with over $103 million.
'' is the third most successful foreign language film in the US,
and one of the most critically acclaimed Li movies.
'' is the seventh most successful foreign language film of all time in the US.
From an aggregated critical point of view, the best acclaimed Li movie is ''Fist of Legend
'' (Rotten Tomatoes: 100%) and the worst is ''War
'' (Rotten Tomatoes: 14%).
Awards and nominations
* Cinema of China
* Cinema of Hong Kong
* Ducker, Chris, and Stuart Cutler. ''The HKS Guide to Jet Li''. London: Hong Kong Superstars, 2000.
* Marx, Christy. ''Jet Li''. Martial Arts Masters. Rosen Publishing Group, 2002. .
* Parish, James Robert. ''Jet Li: A Biography''. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press, 2002. .
* Farquhar, M.(2010) ‘Jet Li: "Wushu Master" in Sport and Film’ in Jeffreys, Elaine. & Edwards, Louise (eds.), Celebrity in China, Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong pp. 103–124.
Jet Li's Foundation: The One Foundation ProjectJet Li discusses The One Foundation
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