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January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the
Gregorian Calendar The Gregorian calendar is the calendar used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII as a modification of the Julian calendar, reducing the average year from 365.25 days to 365.2425 days, and adjusting for t ...
. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in
leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additional day (or, in the case of a lunisolar calendar, a month) added to keep the calendar year synchronized with the astrono ...

leap year
s). This day is known as
New Year's Day New Year's Day is a festival observed in most of the world on 1 January, the first day of the year in the modern Gregorian calendar. 1 January is also New Year's Day on the Julian calendar, but this is not the same day as the Gregorian one. Whi ...

New Year's Day
since the day marks the beginning of the year. __TOC__


Events


Pre-1600

*
153 BC __NOTOC__ Year 153 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar. At the time it was known as the Year of the Consulship of Nobilior and Luscus (or, less frequently, year 601 '' Ab urbe condita''). The denomination 153 BC for this year has been u ...
– For the first time,
Roman consul A consul held the highest elected political office The incumbent is the current holder of an official, office or position, usually in relation to an election. For example, in an election for president, the incumbent is the person holding or a ...
s begin their year in office on January 1. *
45 BC __NOTOC__ Year 45 BC was either a common year starting on Thursday Common may refer to: Places * Common, a townland in County Tyrone County Tyrone (; ) is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland Ireland (; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scot ...
– The
Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in , was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on , by edict. It was designed with the aid of Greek mathematics, Greek mathematicians and Ancient Greek astronomy, astronomers such as Sosige ...
takes effect as the civil calendar of the Roman Empire, establishing January 1 as the new date of the new year. *
42 BC __NOTOC__ Year 42 BC was either a common year starting on MondayA common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additional day (or, ...
– The Roman Senate posthumously
deifies
deifies
Julius Caesar Gaius Julius Caesar (; 12 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman Roman or Romans usually refers to: *Rome, the capital city of Italy *Ancient Rome, Roman civilization from 8th century BC to 5th century AD *Roman people, the people of anc ...

Julius Caesar
. * 193 – The Senate chooses
Pertinax Pertinax (; Publius Helvius Pertinax; 1 August 126 – 28 March 193) was a Roman soldier and politician who ruled as Roman emperor The Roman Emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the History of the Roman Empire, imperial perio ...

Pertinax
against his will to succeed
Commodus Commodus (; 31 August 161 – 31 December 192) was Roman emperor The Roman Emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the History of the Roman Empire, imperial period (starting in 27 BC). The emperors used a variety of different titles ...
as
Roman emperor The Roman emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the imperial period (starting in 27 BC). The emperors used a variety of different titles throughout history. Often when a given Roman is described as becoming "emperor" in English, it ...
. *
404 404 may refer to: * 404 (number) * AD 404 * 404 BC * HTTP 404, the HTTP error response status for "Not Found" Cars * Peugeot 404 * Bristol 404, produced in the 1950s * Unimog 404 Highways * A404(M) motorway, in England * Ontario Highway 40 ...
Saint Telemachus Saint Telemachus (also Almachus or Almachius) was a monk A monk (, from el, μοναχός, ''monachos'', "single, solitary" via Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo- ...
tries to stop a
gladiator A gladiator ( la, gladiator, "swordsman", from , "sword") was an armed combatant who entertained audiences in the Roman Republic and Roman Empire in violent confrontations with other gladiators, wild animals, and condemned criminals. Some gla ...

gladiator
ial fight in a Roman
amphitheatre An amphitheatre ( British English) or amphitheater ( American English; both ) is an open-air venue used for entertainment, performances, and sports. The term derives from the ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek l ...

amphitheatre
, and is
stoned to death Stoning, or lapidation, is a method of capital punishment where a group throws stones at a person until the subject dies from blunt trauma. It has been attested as a form of punishment for grave misdeeds since ancient times. Its adoption in som ...
by the crowd. This act impresses the Christian Emperor Honorius, who issues a historic ban on gladiatorial fights. * 417
Emperor Honorius Flavius Honorius (9 September 384 – 15 August 423) was Roman emperor The Roman Emperor was the ruler of the Roman Empire during the History of the Roman Empire, imperial period (starting in 27 BC). The emperors used a variety of different ...
forces
Galla Placidia Galla Placidia (388–89 / 392–93 – 27 November 450), daughter of the Roman emperor Theodosius I, was a mother, tutor, and advisor to emperor Valentinian III, and a major force in Roman politics for most of her life. She was List of Visigoth ...

Galla Placidia
into marriage to Constantius, his famous general (''
magister militum 300px, The original command structure of the Late Roman army, with a separate ''magister equitum'' and a ''magister peditum'' in place of the later overall ''magister militum'' in the command structure of the army of the Western Roman Empire. (L ...
'') (probable). *
1001Year 1001 ( MI) was a common year starting on WednesdayA common year starting on Wednesday is any non- leap year (a year with 365 days) that begins on Wednesday Wednesday is the day of the week between Tuesday and Thursday. According to interna ...
– Grand Prince
Stephen I of Hungary Stephen I, also known as King Saint Stephen ( hu, Szent István király ; la, Sanctus Stephanus; sk, Štefan I. or Štefan Veľký; 975 – 15 August 1038 AD), was the last Grand Prince of the Hungarians between 997 and 1000 or 1001, and the ...

Stephen I of Hungary
is named the first
King of Hungary The King of Hungary ( hu, magyar király) was the ruling head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona who officially embodies a state (polity), state#Foakes, Foakes, pp. 110–11 "he head of state He or HE may ...
by
Pope Sylvester II Pope Sylvester II ( – 12 May 1003), originally known as Gerbert of Aurillac, was a French-born scholar and teacher who served as the bishop of Rome and ruled the Papal States from 999 to his death. He endorsed and promoted study of Arab and Grec ...

Pope Sylvester II
(probable). *
1068 Year 1068 (Roman numerals, MLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Byzantine Empire * January 1 – Empress Eudokia Makrembolitissa, wife of the l ...
Romanos IV Diogenes Romanos IV Diogenes ( grc-gre, Ρωμανός Δ ΄ Διογένης), also known as A pseudonym () or alias () (originally: ψευδώνυμος in Greek) is a fictitious name that a person or group assumes for a particular purpose, which ...
marries
Eudokia Makrembolitissa Carved ivory plaque known as the " Romanos Ivory" which some scholars think may be Eudokia and Romanos IV being crowned by Christ. There are two inscriptions in Greek language written on the ivory plaque: ''"Romanos, Emperor of the Romans"'' and '' ...
and is crowned
Byzantine Emperor This is a list of the Byzantine emperors from the foundation of Constantinople la, Constantinopolis ota, قسطنطينيه , alternate_name = Byzantion (earlier Greek name), Nova Roma ("New Rome"), Miklagard/Miklagarth (Old Norse), Tsargrad ...
. *
1259 Year 1259 (Roman numerals, MCCLIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events By place Europe * September – Battle of Pelagonia: The Empire of Nicaea defeats the Princ ...
Michael VIII Palaiologos Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus ( el, Μιχαήλ Δούκας Ἄγγελος Κομνηνός Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl Doukas Angelos Komnēnos Palaiologos; 1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as the co-emperor of the Empire ...

Michael VIII Palaiologos
is proclaimed co-emperor of the
Empire of Nicaea The Empire of Nicaea or the Nicene Empire is the conventional historiographic name for the largest of the three Byzantine Greek Medieval Greek (also known as Middle Greek or Byzantine Greek) is the stage of the Greek language Greek (mod ...

Empire of Nicaea
with his ward
John IV Laskaris John IV Doukas Laskaris (or Ducas Lascaris) ( el, Ἰωάννης Δούκας Λάσκαρις, ''Iōannēs Doukas Laskaris'') (December 25, 1250 – c. 1305) was emperor of Nicaea Nicaea or Nicea (; el, wikt:Νίκαια, Νίκαια, ''Ník ...
. *
1438 Year 1438 (Roman numerals, MCDXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events January–December * January 1 – Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Kingdom of ...
Albert II of Habsburg Albert may refer to: Companies * Albert (supermarket), a supermarket chain in the Czech Republic * Albert Heijn, a supermarket chain in the Netherlands * Albert Market, a street market in The Gambia * Albert Productions, a record label Entertainm ...
is crowned
King of Hungary The King of Hungary ( hu, magyar király) was the ruling head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona who officially embodies a state (polity), state#Foakes, Foakes, pp. 110–11 "he head of state He or HE may ...
. *
1500 Year 1500 ( MD) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in , was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on , by edict. It was designed with the aid of Greek mathe ...
– Portuguese explorer Pedro Alvarez Cabral discovers the coast of
Brazil Brazil ( pt, Brasil; ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: ), is the largest country in both South America South America is a continent entirely in the Western Hemisphere and mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, ...
. *
1502 Year 1506 ( MDII) was a common year starting on SaturdayA common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additional day (or, in the ...
– The present-day location of
Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro (; ;), or simply Rio, is the List of largest cities in Brazil, second-most populous city in Brazil and the Largest cities in the Americas, sixth-most populous in the Americas. Rio de Janeiro is the capital of States of Brazil, the ...

Rio de Janeiro
,
Brazil Brazil ( pt, Brasil; ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: ), is the largest country in both South America South America is a continent entirely in the Western Hemisphere and mostly in the Southern Hemisphere, ...
, is first explored by the
Portuguese Portuguese may refer to: * anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Portugal Portugal (), officially the Portuguese Republic ( pt, República Portuguesa, links=no ), is a country located on the Iberian Peninsula, in Souther ...
. *
1515 __NOTOC__ Year 1515 ( MDXV) was a common year starting on MondayA common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additional day (or, i ...
– Twenty-year-old Francis, Duke of Brittany, succeeds to the
French throne The monarchs of the Kingdom of France The Kingdom of France ( fro, Reaume de France, frm, Royaulme de France, french: link=no, Royaume de France) was a medieval and early modern monarchy in Western Europe. It was among the most powerful s ...
following the death of his father-in-law, Louis XII. *
1527 Year 1527 (Roman numerals, MDXXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. Events January–June *January 1 – Croatian nobles elect Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor, Fe ...
– Croatian nobles elect Ferdinand I, Archduke of Austria as
King of Croatia This is a complete list of rulers of Croatia under domestic ethnic and elected dynasties during the Croatian Kingdom (925–1918). This article follows the monarch's title number according to Hungarian succession for convenience. For example, the H ...
in the
1527 election in Cetin The election in Cetin ( hr, Cetinski sabor, meaning Parliament on Cetin or Parliament of Cetin) was an assembly of the Croatian Parliament The Croatian Parliament ( hr, Hrvatski sabor) or the Sabor is the unicameral legislature of the Repub ...
.


1601–1900

*
1600 __NOTOC__ 1600 ( MDC) was a century leap year leap year starting on Saturday, starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. It was the last century leap year until the year 2000. Ev ...
Scotland Scotland ( sco, Scotland, gd, Alba ) is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. Covering the northern third of the island of Great Britain, mainland Scotland has a 96-mile (154 km) Anglo-Scottish bo ...
recognises January 1 as the start of the year, instead of March 25. *
1604 Events January–June * January 14 – The Hampton Court Conference is held between James I of England, the Anglicanism, Anglican bishops and representatives of the Puritans. Work begins on the Authorized King James Version of th ...
– '' The Masque of Indian and China Knights'' is performed by courtiers of
James VI and I James VI and I (James Charles Stuart; 19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scotland The monarch of Scotland was the head of state of the Kingdom of Scotland. According to tradition, the first King of Scots was Kenneth I MacAlpi ...

James VI and I
at
Hampton Court Hampton Court Palace is a Grade I listed A listed building, or listed structure, is one that has been placed on one of the four statutory lists maintained by Historic England in England, Historic Environment Scotland in Scotland, in Wales ...

Hampton Court
. *
1651 Events January–June * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years). This day is known as New Year's Day si ...
Charles II is crowned
King of Scotland The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy, constitutional form of government by which a hereditary monarchy, hereditary sovereign reigns as the head of state of the United K ...
. *
1700 As of March 1 Events Pre-1600 * 509 BC – Publius Valerius Publicola celebrates the first Roman triumph, triumph of the Roman Republic after his victory over the deposed king Lucius Tarquinius Superbus at the Battle of Silva Arsia. ...
– Russia begins using the
Anno Domini The terms (AD) and before Christ (BC) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendar The Gregorian calendar is the calendar used in most of the world. It was introduced in October 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII as a ...
era instead of the Anno Mundi era of the
Byzantine Empire The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire or Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages ...
. * 1707
John VJohn V may refer to: * Patriarch John V of Alexandria or John the Merciful (died by 620), Patriarch of Alexandria from 606 to 616 * John V of Constantinople, Patriarch from 669 to 675 * Pope John V (685–686), Pope from 685 to his death in 686 * Jo ...
is proclaimed King of Portugal and the Algarves in Lisbon. *
1739 Events January–March * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years). This day is known as New Year's Day si ...
Bouvet Island Bouvet Island ( ) is an uninhabited subantarctic high island, volcanic island located in the South Atlantic Ocean at . Politically, it is a dependencies of Norway, dependency of Norway and, because it lies north of the region covered by the An ...

Bouvet Island
, the world's remotest island, is discovered by French explorer
Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier Jean Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier (14 January 1705 – 1786) was a French sailor A sailor, seaman, mariner, or seafarer is a person who works aboard a watercraft as part of its crew, and may work in any one of a number of different fie ...
. *
1772 Events January– March * January 10 – Shah Alam II, the Mughal Emperor of India, makes a triumphant return to Delhi Delhi (; ''Dillī''; ''Dillī''; ''Dêhlī''), officially the National Capital Territory (NCT) of ...
– The first
traveler's cheque A traveller's cheque is a medium of exchange that can be used in place of hard currency. They can be denominated in one of a number of major world currencies and are preprinted, fixed-amount cheque A cheque, or check (American English; ...
s, which could be used in 90 European cities, are issued by the London Credit Exchange Company. *
1773 Events January–March * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years). This day is known as New Year's Day s ...
– The hymn that became known as "
Amazing Grace "Amazing Grace" is a Christian hymn published in 1779, with words written in 1772 by the English poet and Anglican clergyman John Newton (1725–1807). It is an immensely popular hymn, particularly in the United States, where it is used for bo ...
", then titled "1 Chronicles 17:16–17", is first used to accompany a sermon led by
John Newton John Newton (; – 21 December 1807) was an English Anglican cleric, a captain of slave ships who later became an abolitionist, and an investor of trade. He served as a sailor in the Royal Navy The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom' ...

John Newton
in the town of
Olney, Buckinghamshire Olney (, rarely ) is a market town A market town is a European Human settlement, settlement that obtained by custom or royal charter, in the Middle Ages, the right to host market (place), markets (market right), which distinguished it f ...
, England. *
1776 Events January–February * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years). This day is known as New Year's Day si ...
American Revolutionary War The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the Revolutionary War and the American War of Independence, was initiated by delegates from thirteen American colonies of British America British America comprised the colonia ...
:
Norfolk, Virginia Norfolk ( ) is an independent city in the Commonwealth A commonwealth is a traditional English term for a political community founded for the common good In philosophy Philosophy (from , ) is the study of general and fundamental q ...
is
burned Burned or burnt may refer to: * Anything which has undergone combustion * Burned (image), quality of an image transformed with loss of detail in all portions lighter than some limit, and/or those darker than some limit * Burnt (film), ''Burnt'' (fi ...
by combined
Royal Navy The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare Naval warfare is human Humans (''Homo sapiens'') are the most populous and widespread species of primates, characterized by bipedality, opposable thumbs, hairlessness, and int ...
and
Continental Army The Continental Army was the army of the Thirteen Colonies and the Revolutionary-era United States. It was formed by the Second Continental Congress after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, and was established by a resolution of C ...
action. * 1776 – General
George Washington George Washington (February 22, 1732, 1799) was an American soldier, statesman, and Founding Fathers of the United States, Founding Father who served as the first President of the United States from 1789 to 1797. Appointed by the Continenta ...

George Washington
hoists the first
United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., federal di ...

United States
flag, the
Grand Union Flag The "Grand Union Flag" (also known as the "Continental Colors", the "Congress Flag", the "Cambridge Flag", and the "First Navy Ensign") is considered to be the first national flag of the United States of America. Like the current U.S. flag, th ...

Grand Union Flag
, at Prospect Hill. *
1781 Events January–March * January – William Pitt the Younger, later Prime Minister of Great Britain, enters Parliament of Great Britain, Parliament, aged 21. * January 1 – Industrial Revolution: The Iron Bridge opens acros ...
– American Revolutionary War: One thousand five hundred soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General
Anthony Wayne Anthony Wayne (January 1, 1745 – December 15, 1796) was an American soldier, officer and statesman of Irish descent. He adopted a military career at the outset of the American Revolutionary War The American Revolutionary War (1775–17 ...

Anthony Wayne
's command rebel against the
Continental Army The Continental Army was the army of the Thirteen Colonies and the Revolutionary-era United States. It was formed by the Second Continental Congress after the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, and was established by a resolution of C ...
's winter camp in
Morristown, New Jersey Morristown () is a town A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages and smaller than city, cities, though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of the world. Orig ...
in the Pennsylvania Line Mutiny of 1781. *
1788 Events January–March * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years). This day is known as New Year's Day since ...
– First edition of ''
The Times ''The Times'' is a British Newspaper#Daily, daily Newspaper#National, national newspaper based in London. It began in 1785 under the title ''The Daily Universal Register'', adopting its current name on 1 January 1788. ''The Times'' and its si ...
'' of London, previously ''The Daily Universal Register'', is published. *
1801 Events January–March January 1: The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland is formed. * January 1 ** The legislative union of Great Britain and Ireland is completed under the Act of Union 1800, bringing about the United Kingdom ...
– The legislative union of
Kingdom of Great Britain The Kingdom of Great Britain, officially called Great Britain,"After the political union of England and Scotland in 1707, the nation's official name became 'Great Britain'", ''The American Pageant, Volume 1'', Cengage Learning (2012) was a so ...

Kingdom of Great Britain
and
Kingdom of Ireland The Kingdom of Ireland ( Classical Irish: '; Irish language#An Caighdeán Oifigiúil, Modern Irish: ' ()) was a client state of Kingdom of England, England and then of Kingdom of Great Britain, Great Britain that existed from 1542 until 1800 in ...

Kingdom of Ireland
is completed, and the
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was a sovereign state that existed between 1801 and 1922. It was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Ireland into a unified state. ...

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
is proclaimed. * 1801 –
Ceres Ceres most commonly refers to: * Ceres (dwarf planet) Ceres (; minor-planet designation: 1 Ceres) is the smallest recognized dwarf planet, the closest dwarf planet to the Sun, and the List of notable asteroids, largest object in the main astero ...
, the largest and first known object in the
Asteroid belt The asteroid belt is a circumstellar disc, torus-shaped region in the Solar System, located roughly between the orbits of the planets Jupiter and Mars, that is occupied by a great many solid, irregularly shaped bodies, of many sizes but much s ...
, is discovered by
Giuseppe Piazzi Giuseppe Piazzi ( , ; 16 July 1746 – 22 July 1826) was an Italian Catholic The Catholic Church, often referred to as the Roman Catholic Church, is the List of Christian denominations by number of members, largest Christian church, wi ...

Giuseppe Piazzi
. *
1804 Events January–March * January 1 – Haiti gains independence from France, and becomes the first black republic, having the only successful slave revolt ever. * February 4 – Sokoto Caliphate founded in West Africa. * February 14 – ...
French rule ends in
Haiti Haiti (; ht, Ayiti ; french: Haïti ), officially the Republic of Haiti (; ), and formerly known as Hayti, is a country located on the island of Hispaniola Hispaniola (, also ; es, La Española; Latin language, Latin and french: Hispan ...

Haiti
. Haiti becomes the first black-majority republic and second independent country in
North America North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere. It can also be described as the northern subcontinent of the Americas. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to ...

North America
after the
United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., federal di ...

United States
. *
1806 Events January–March * January 1 ** The French Republican Calendar is abolished. ** The Kingdom of Bavaria is established by Napoleon Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political lead ...
– The
French Republican Calendar The French Republican calendar (french: calendrier républicain français), also commonly called the French Revolutionary calendar (), was a calendar A calendar is a system of organizing days. This is done by giving names to periods of t ...
is abolished. *
1808 Events January–March * January 1 ** The importation of Slavery#Slavery in North America, slaves into the United States is banned, as the 1806 Act Prohibiting Importation of Slaves takes effect; African slaves continue to be imported int ...
– The United States bans the importation of slaves. *
1810 Events January–March * January 1 – Major-General Lachlan Macquarie Major General Lachlan Macquarie, CB (; gd, Lachann MacGuaire; 31 January 1762 – 1 July 1824) was a British Army The British Army is the principal Army, l ...
– Major-General
Lachlan Macquarie Major General Major general (abbreviated MG, maj. gen. and similar) is a military rank Military ranks are a system of hierarchical relationships in armed forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed ...
officially becomes
Governor of New South Wales The Governor of New South Wales is the Viceroy, viceregal representative of the Monarchy of Australia, Australian monarch, Elizabeth II, Queen Elizabeth II, in the state of New South Wales. In an analogous way to the Governor-General of Australia ...
. *
1822 Events January–March * January 1 – The Greek Constitution of 1822 is adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus. *January 3 - The famous French explorer, Aimé Bonpland, is made prisoner in Paraguay accused for being a spy ...
– The
Greek Constitution of 1822 The Greek Constitution of 1822 was a document adopted by the First National Assembly of Epidaurus on January 1, 1822. Formally it was the Provisional Regime of Greece (''Προσωρινό Πολίτευμα της Ελλάδος''), sometimes tra ...
is adopted by the
First National Assembly at Epidaurus The First National Assembly of Epidaurus (, 1821–1822) was the first meeting of the Greek National Assembly, a national representative political gathering of the Greek revolutionaries. History The assembly opened in December 1821 at Piada (tod ...
. *
1834 Events January–March * January – The Wilmington and Raleigh Railroad is chartered in Wilmington, North Carolina. * January 1 – Zollverein (Germany): Customs charges are abolished at borders within its member states. * January 3 – ...
– Most of Germany forms the ''
Zollverein The ''Zollverein'' (), or German Customs Union, was a coalition of German states formed to manage tariff A tariff is a tax imposed by a government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, gen ...

Zollverein
'' customs union, the first such union between sovereign states. *
1847 Events January–March * January 4 – Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the U.S government. * January 13 – The Treaty of Cahuenga ends fighting in the Mexican–American War in California. * January 16 – John C. Frémont i ...
– The world's first "Mercy" Hospital is founded in
Pittsburgh Pittsburgh ( ) is a city in the Commonwealth A commonwealth is a traditional English term for a political community founded for the common good In philosophy Philosophy (from , ) is the study of general and fundamental questions, ...

Pittsburgh
, United States, by a group of
Sisters of Mercy The Religious Sisters of Mercy are members of a religious institute A religious institute is a type of Institute of consecrated life, institute of consecrated life in the Catholic Church where its members take Religious vows, religious vows a ...
from Ireland; the name will go on to grace over 30 major hospitals throughout the world. *
1860 Events January–March * January 2 – The discovery of a hypothetical planet Vulcan (hypothetical planet), Vulcan is announced at a meeting of the French Academy of Sciences in Paris, France. * January 10 – The Pemberton Mil ...
The first Polish stamp is issued, replacing the Russian stamps previously in use. *
1861 Events January–March * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years). This day is known as New Year's Day sin ...
Liberal Liberal or liberalism may refer to: Politics *a supporter of liberalism, a political and moral philosophy **Liberalism by country *an adherent of a Liberal Party Arts, entertainment and media *''El Liberal'', a Spanish newspaper published betw ...
forces supporting
Benito Juárez Benito Pablo Juárez García (; 21 March 1806 – 18 July 1872) was a Mexicans, Mexican lawyer and politician, who served as the 26th president of Mexico from 1858 until his death in 1872. He was the first president of Mexico who was of indigeno ...

Benito Juárez
enter
Mexico City ) , blank1_name_sec1 = Human Development Index, HDI , blank1_info_sec1 = 0.897 Very High , blank_name_sec2 = GDP (Nominal) , blank_info_sec2 = USD, $266 billion , footnotes = b. Area of ...

Mexico City
. *
1863 Events January–March * January 1 ** Abraham Lincoln signs the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War, making the abolition of slavery in the Confederate states an official war goal. It proclaims the fre ...
American Civil War The American Civil War (also known by Names of the American Civil War, other names) was a civil war in the United States from 1861 to 1865, fought between northern U.S. state, states loyal to the Union (American Civil War), Union and south ...
: The
Emancipation Proclamation The Emancipation Proclamation, or Proclamation 95, was a presidential proclamation and executive order An executive order is a means of issuing federal directives in the United States The United States of America (USA), co ...

Emancipation Proclamation
takes effect in
Confederate Confederacy may refer to: A confederation, an association of sovereign states or communities. Examples include: * Battle of the Trench, Confederate tribes * Confederate States of America, a confederation of secessionist American states that existed ...

Confederate
territory. *
1877 Events January–March * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years). This day is known as New Year's Day si ...
Queen Victoria Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death in 1901. Known as the Victorian era, her reign of 63 years and seven months was Lis ...

Queen Victoria
of the United Kingdom is proclaimed
Empress of India Emperor or Empress of India, was a title used by British monarchs from 1 May 1876 (with the Royal Titles Act 1876) to 22 June 1948, that was used to signify their rule over British India The provinces of India, earlier presidencies of ...
. *
1885 Events January–March * January 3– 4 – Sino-French War – Battle of Núi Bop: French troops under General Oscar de Négrier defeat a numerically superior Qing Chinese force, in northern Vietnam , image_m ...
– Twenty-five nations adopt
Sandford Fleming Sir Sandford Fleming (January 7, 1827 – July 22, 1915) was a Scottish Canadian engineer Engineers, as practitioners of engineering, are Professional, professionals who Invention, invent, design, analyze, build and test Machine, machines, ...
's proposal for
standard time Standard time is the synchronization of clocks within a geographical region to a single time standard, rather than a local mean time standard. Generally, standard time agrees with the local mean time at some meridian that passes through the regio ...
(and also,
time zone A time zone is an area that observes a uniform standard time for legal, Commerce, commercial and social purposes. Time zones tend to follow the boundaries between Country, countries and their Administrative division, subdivisions instead of ...
s). *
1890 Events January–March * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years). This day is known as New Year's Day si ...
Eritrea Eritrea ( ), officially the State of Eritrea, is a country in the Horn of Africa The Horn of Africa (HoA) om, Gaafa Afrikaa, am, የአፍሪካ ቀንድ, yäafrika qänd, so, Geeska Afrika 𐒌𐒜𐒈𐒏𐒖 𐒖𐒍𐒇𐒘𐒏𐒖 ...

Eritrea
is consolidated into a
colony In political science, a colony is a territory subject to a form of foreign rule. Though dominated by the foreign colonizers, colonies remain separate from the administration of the original country of the colonizers, the ''metropole, metropoli ...
by the
Italian government The Government of Italy is in the form of a democratic republic, and was established by a constitution in 1948. It consists of legislative, Executive (government), executive, and judicial subdivisions, as well as a Head of State, or President. A ...
. *
1892 Events January–March * January 1 – Ellis Island begins accommodating immigrants to the United States. * January 15 – James Naismith's rules for basketball are published for the first time in the Springfield, Massachusetts, Springfiel ...
Ellis Island Ellis Island is a federally-owned island upright=1.15, Great_Britain.html"_;"title="Ireland_(left)_and_Great_Britain">Ireland_(left)_and_Great_Britain_(right),_are_large_islands_of_north-west_Europe image:Small_Island_in_Lower_Saranac_Lak ...
begins processing immigrants into the United States. *
1898 Events January–March * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years). This day is known as New Year's Day si ...
– New York City, New York, New York annexes land from surrounding counties, creating the City of Greater New York. The four initial Boroughs of New York City, boroughs, Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, and The Bronx, are joined on January 25 by Staten Island to create the modern city of five boroughs. *1899 – Captaincy General of Cuba, Spanish rule ends in Cuba. *1900 – Nigeria becomes British protectorate with Frederick Lugard as high commissioner.


1901–present

*1901 – The Southern Nigeria Protectorate is established within the British Empire. * 1901 – The British colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria (Australia), Victoria, South Australia, Tasmania, and Western Australia Federation of Australia, federate as the Australia, Commonwealth of Australia; Edmund Barton is appointed the first Prime Minister of Australia, Prime Minister. *1902 – The first American college football bowl game, the Rose Bowl Game, Rose Bowl between University of Michigan, Michigan and Stanford University, Stanford, is held in Pasadena, California. *1910 – Captain David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty, David Beatty is promoted to Rear admiral, and becomes the youngest admiral in the Royal Navy (except for British Royal Family, Royal family members) since Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson, Horatio Nelson. *1912 – The Republic of China (1912–49), Republic of China is established. *1914 – The St. Petersburg–Tampa Airboat Line, SPT Airboat Line becomes the world's first scheduled airline to use a Fixed-wing aircraft, winged aircraft. *1923 – Britain's Railways are grouped into the List of railway companies involved in the 1923 grouping#The Big Four, Big Four: London and North Eastern Railway, LNER, Great Western Railway, GWR, Southern Railway (UK), SR, and London, Midland and Scottish Railway, LMS. *1927 – New Mexican oil legislation goes into effect, leading to the formal outbreak of the Cristero War. *1928 – Boris Bazhanov defects through Iran. He is the only assistant of Joseph Stalin's secretariat to have Eastern Bloc emigration and defection, defected from the Eastern Bloc. *1929 – The former municipalities of Point Grey, British Columbia and South Vancouver, British Columbia are Merger (politics), amalgamated into Vancouver. *1932 – The United States Post Office Department issues 1932 Washington Bicentennial, a set of 12 stamps commemorating the 200th anniversary of Washington's Birthday, George Washington's birth. *1934 – Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay becomes a United States Federal Prison, United States federal prison. * 1934 – A "Nazi eugenics, Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring" comes into effect in Nazi Germany. *1942 – The Declaration by United Nations is signed by twenty-six nations. *1945 – World War II: The German ''Luftwaffe'' launches ''Operation Bodenplatte'', a massive, but failed, attempt to knock out Allies of World War II, Allied air power in northern Europe in a single blow. *1947 – Cold War: The American and British occupation zones in Allied-occupied Germany, after World War II, merge to form the Bizone, which later (with the French zone) became part of West Germany. * 1947 – The Canadian Citizenship Act 1946 comes into effect, converting British subjects into Canadian nationality law, Canadian citizens. Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King becomes the first Canadian citizen. *1948 – The Rail transport in the United Kingdom, British railway network is Nationalization, nationalized to form British Railways. *1949 – United Nations Ceasefire, cease-fire takes effect in Kashmir from one minute before midnight. Indo-Pakistani War of 1947–1948, War between India and Pakistan stops accordingly. *1956 – Sudan achieves independence from Egypt and the United Kingdom. *1957 – George Town, Penang, is made a city by a royal charter of Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom. * 1957 – Lèse majesté in Thailand is strengthened to include "insult (legal), insult" and changed to a crime against national security, after the Thai criminal code of 1956 went into effect. *1958 – The European Economic Community is established. *1959 – Cuban Revolution: Fulgencio Batista, dictator of Cuba, is overthrown by Fidel Castro's forces. *1960 – Cameroon achieves independence from France and the United Kingdom. *1962 – Western Samoa Trust Territory, Western Samoa achieves independence from New Zealand; its name is changed to the Independent State of Western Samoa. *1964 – The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland is divided into the independent republics of Zambia and Malawi, and the British-controlled Rhodesia. *1965 – The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan is founded in Kabul, Kabul, Afghanistan. *1970 – The defined beginning of Unix time, at 00:00:00. *1971 – Cigarette Nicotine marketing, advertisements are banned on Television in the United States, American television. *1973 – Denmark, Republic of Ireland, Ireland and the United Kingdom are admitted into the European Economic Community. *1976 – A bomb explodes on board Middle East Airlines Flight 438 over Qaisumah, Saudi Arabia, killing all 81 people on board. *1978 – Air India Flight 855, a Boeing 747, crashes into the Arabian Sea off the coast of Mumbai, Bombay, India, due to instrument failure, spatial disorientation, and pilot error, killing all 213 people on board. *1979 – Normal China–United States relations, diplomatic relations are established between the China, People's Republic of China and the United States. *1981 – Greece is admitted into the European Community. *1982 – Peruvian Javier Pérez de Cuéllar becomes the first Latin American to hold the title of Secretary-General of the United Nations. *1983 – The ARPANET officially changes to using TCP/IP, the Internet Protocol, effectively creating the Internet. *1984 – The original AT&T Corporation, American Telephone & Telegraph Company is divested of its 22 Bell System companies as a result of the settlement of the 1974 United States Department of Justice Competition law, antitrust Breakup of the Bell System, suit against AT&T. * 1984 – Brunei becomes independent of the United Kingdom. *1985 – The first British mobile phone call is made by Michael Harrison to his father Ernest Harrison, Sir Ernest Harrison, chairman of Vodafone. *1987 – The Pueblo of Isleta, Isleta Pueblo tribe elect Verna Williamson to be their first female governor. *1988 – The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America comes into existence, creating the largest Lutheranism, Lutheran religious denomination, denomination in the United States. *1989 – The Montreal Protocol comes into force, stopping the use of chemicals contributing to ozone depletion. *1990 – David Dinkins is sworn in as New York City's first black Mayor of New York City, mayor. *1993 – Dissolution of Czechoslovakia: Czechoslovakia is divided into the Czech Republic and Slovakia, Slovak Republic. *1994 – The Zapatista Army of National Liberation initiates twelve days of armed conflict in the Mexican state of Chiapas. * 1994 – The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) comes into effect. *1995 – The World Trade Organization comes into being. * 1995 – The Draupner wave in the North Sea in Norway is detected, confirming the existence of Rogue wave, freak waves. * 1995 – Austria, Finland and Sweden 1995 enlargement of the European Union, join the EU. *1998 – Following a Monetary reform in Russia, 1998, currency reform, Russia begins to circulate new Russian ruble, rubles to stem inflation and promote confidence. *1999 – Euro currency is introduced in 11 member nations of the European Union (with the exception of the United Kingdom, Denmark, Greece and Sweden; Greece adopts the euro two years later). *2004 – In a Motion of no confidence, vote of confidence, General Pervez Musharraf wins 658 out of 1,170 votes in the Electoral College (Pakistan), Electoral College of Pakistan, and according to Article 41(8) of the Constitution of Pakistan, is "deemed to be elected" to the office of President of Pakistan, President until October 2007. *2007 – Bulgaria and Romania 2007 enlargement of the European Union, join the EU. * 2007 – Adam Air Flight 574 breaks apart in mid-air and crashes near the Makassar Strait, Indonesia, killing all 102 people on board. *2009 – Sixty-six people die in a Santika Club fire, nightclub fire in Bangkok, Bangkok, Thailand. *2010 – A suicide car bomber 2010 Lakki Marwat suicide bombing, detonates at a volleyball tournament in Lakki Marwat, Pakistan, killing 105 and injuring 100 more. *2011 – A bomb 2011 Alexandria bombing, explodes as Copts, Coptic Christians in Alexandria, Egypt, leave a new year service, killing 23 people. * 2011 – Estonia officially adopts the Euro currency and becomes the 17th Eurozone country. *2013 – At least 60 people are killed and 200 injured in a 2013 Houphouët-Boigny stampede, stampede after celebrations at Stade Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Félix Houphouët-Boigny Stadium in Abidjan, Ivory Coast. *2015 – The Eurasian Economic Union comes into effect, creating a political and economic union between Russia, Belarus, Armenia, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. *2017 – An Istanbul nightclub shooting, attack on a nightclub in Istanbul, Turkey, during New Year's celebrations, kills at least 39 people and injures more than 60 others.


Births


Pre-1600

* 766 – Ali al-Ridha (d. 818) 8th Imamate (Twelver doctrine), Imam of Twelver Shia Islam *1431 – Pope Alexander VI (d. 1503) *1449 – Lorenzo de' Medici, Italian politician (d. 1492) *1467 – Sigismund I the Old, Polish king (d. 1548) *1484 – Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss pastor and theologian (d. 1531) *1511 – Henry, Duke of Cornwall, first-born child of Henry VIII of England (d. 1511) *1557 – Stephen Bocskay, Prince of Transylvania (d. 1606) *
1600 __NOTOC__ 1600 ( MDC) was a century leap year leap year starting on Saturday, starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar. It was the last century leap year until the year 2000. Ev ...
– Friedrich Spanheim, Dutch theologian and academic (d. 1649)


1601–1900

*1628 – Christoph Bernhard, German composer and theorist (d. 1692) *1655 – Christian Thomasius, German jurist and philosopher (d. 1728) *1684 – Arnold Drakenborch, Dutch scholar and author (d. 1748) *1704 – Soame Jenyns, English author, poet, and politician (d. 1787) *1711 – Baron Franz von der Trenck, Austrian soldier (d. 1749) *1714 – Giovanni Battista Mancini, Italian soprano and author (d. 1800) * 1714 – Kristijonas Donelaitis, Lithuanian pastor and poet (d. 1780) *1735 – Paul Revere, American silversmith and engraver (d. 1818) *1745 –
Anthony Wayne Anthony Wayne (January 1, 1745 – December 15, 1796) was an American soldier, officer and statesman of Irish descent. He adopted a military career at the outset of the American Revolutionary War The American Revolutionary War (1775–17 ...

Anthony Wayne
, American general and politician (d. 1796) *1752 – Betsy Ross, American seamstress, credited with designing the Flag of the United States (d. 1836) *1768 – Maria Edgeworth, Anglo-Irish author (d. 1849) *1769 – Marie-Louise Lachapelle, French obstetrician (d. 1821) *1774 – André Marie Constant Duméril, French zoologist and academic (d. 1860) *1779 – William Clowes (printer), William Clowes, English publisher (d. 1847) *1803 – Edward Dickinson, American politician and father of poet Emily Dickinson (d. 1874) *
1806 Events January–March * January 1 ** The French Republican Calendar is abolished. ** The Kingdom of Bavaria is established by Napoleon Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political lead ...
– Lionel Kieseritzky, Estonian-French chess player (d. 1853) *1809 – Achille Guenée, French lawyer and entomologist (d. 1880) *1813 – George Bliss (Congressman), George Bliss, American politician (d. 1868) *1814 – Hong Xiuquan, Chinese rebellion leader and king (d. 1864) *1818 – William Gamble (general), William Gamble, Irish-born American general (d. 1866) *1819 – Arthur Hugh Clough, English-Italian poet and academic (d. 1861) * 1819 – George Foster Shepley (judge), George Foster Shepley, American general (d. 1878) *1823 – Sándor Petőfi, Hungarian poet and activist (d. 1849) *1833 – Robert Lawson (architect), Robert Lawson, Scottish-New Zealand architect, designed the Otago Boys' High School and Knox Church, Dunedin, Knox Church (d. 1902) *
1834 Events January–March * January – The Wilmington and Raleigh Railroad is chartered in Wilmington, North Carolina. * January 1 – Zollverein (Germany): Customs charges are abolished at borders within its member states. * January 3 – ...
– Ludovic Halévy, French author and playwright (d. 1908) *1839 – Ouida, English-Italian author and activist (d. 1908) *1848 – John W. Goff, Irish-American lawyer and politician (d. 1924) *1852 – Eugène-Anatole Demarçay, French chemist and academic (d. 1904) *1854 – James George Frazer, Scottish anthropologist and academic (d. 1941) * 1854 – Thomas Waddell, Irish-Australian politician, 15th Premier of New South Wales (d. 1940) *1857 – Tim Keefe, American baseball player (d. 1933) *1858 – Heinrich Rauchinger, Kraków-born painter (d. 1942) *1859 – Michael Joseph Owens, American inventor (d. 1923) * 1859 – Thibaw Min, Burmese king (d. 1916) *
1860 Events January–March * January 2 – The discovery of a hypothetical planet Vulcan (hypothetical planet), Vulcan is announced at a meeting of the French Academy of Sciences in Paris, France. * January 10 – The Pemberton Mil ...
– Michele Lega, Italian cardinal (d. 1935) *
1863 Events January–March * January 1 ** Abraham Lincoln signs the Emancipation Proclamation during the second year of the American Civil War, making the abolition of slavery in the Confederate states an official war goal. It proclaims the fre ...
– Pierre de Coubertin, French historian and educator, founded the International Olympic Committee (d. 1937) *1864 – Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer and curator (d. 1946) * 1864 – Qi Baishi, Chinese painter (d. 1957) *1867 – Mary Acworth Evershed, English astronomer and scholar (d. 1949) *1874 – Frank Knox, American publisher and politician, 46th United States Secretary of the Navy (d. 1944) * 1874 – Gustave Whitehead, German-American pilot and engineer (d. 1927) *
1877 Events January–March * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years). This day is known as New Year's Day si ...
– Alexander von Staël-Holstein, German sinologist and orientalist (d. 1937) *1878 – Agner Krarup Erlang, Danish mathematician, statistician, and engineer (d. 1929) *1879 – E. M. Forster, English author and playwright (d. 1970) * 1879 – William Fox (producer), William Fox, Hungarian-American screenwriter and producer, founded the Fox Film Corporation and Fox Theatres (d. 1952) *1883 – William J. Donovan, American general, lawyer, and politician (d. 1959) *1884 – Chikuhei Nakajima, Japanese lieutenant, engineer, and politician, founded Nakajima Aircraft Company (d. 1949) *1887 – Wilhelm Canaris, German admiral (d. 1945) *1888 – Georgios Stanotas, Greek general (d. 1965) * 1888 – John Garand, Canadian-American engineer, designed the M1 Garand, M1 Garand rifle (d. 1974) *1889 – Charles Bickford, American actor (d. 1967) *
1890 Events January–March * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years). This day is known as New Year's Day si ...
– Anton Melik, Slovenian geographer and academic (d. 1966) *1891 – Sampurnanand, Indian educator and politician, 3rd List of Governors of Rajasthan, Governor of Rajasthan (d. 1969) *
1892 Events January–March * January 1 – Ellis Island begins accommodating immigrants to the United States. * January 15 – James Naismith's rules for basketball are published for the first time in the Springfield, Massachusetts, Springfiel ...
– Mahadev Desai, Indian author and activist (d. 1942) * 1892 – Artur Rodziński, Polish-American conductor (d. 1958) * 1892 – Manuel Roxas, Filipino lawyer and politician, 5th President of the Philippines (d. 1948) *1893 – Mordechai Frizis, Greek colonel (d. 1940) *1894 – Satyendra Nath Bose, Indian physicist and mathematician (d. 1974) * 1894 – Edward Joseph Hunkeler, American clergyman (d. 1970) *1895 – J. Edgar Hoover, American law enforcement official; 1st Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (d. 1972) *1900 – Chiune Sugihara, Japanese soldier and diplomat (d. 1986) * 1900 – Xavier Cugat, Spanish-American singer-songwriter and actor (d. 1990)


1901–present

*1902 – Buster Nupen, Norwegian-South African cricketer and lawyer (d. 1977) * 1902 – Hans von Dohnányi, German jurist and political dissident (d. 1945) *1904 – Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry, Pakistani lawyer and politician, 5th President of Pakistan (d. 1982) *1905 – Stanisław Mazur, Ukrainian-Polish mathematician and theorist (d. 1981) *1906 – Manuel Silos, Filipino filmmaker and actor (d. 1988) *1907 – Kinue Hitomi, Japanese sprinter and long jumper (d. 1931) *1909 – Dana Andrews, American actor (d. 1992) * 1909 – Stepan Bandera, Ukrainian soldier and politician (d. 1959) *1911 – Audrey Wurdemann, American poet and author (d. 1960) * 1911 – Basil Dearden, English director, producer, and screenwriter (d. 1971) * 1911 – Hank Greenberg, American baseball player (d. 1986) * 1911 – Roman Totenberg, Polish-American violinist and educator (d. 2012) *1912 – Boris Vladimirovich Gnedenko, Russian mathematician and historian (d. 1995) * 1912 – Kim Philby, British spy (d. 1988) * 1912 – Nikiforos Vrettakos, Greek poet and academic (d. 1991) *1914 – Noor Inayat Khan, British Special Operations Executive, SOE agent (d. 1944) *1917 – Shannon Bolin, American actress and singer (d. 2016) *1918 – Patrick Anthony Porteous, Scottish colonel, Victoria Cross recipient (d. 2000) * 1918 – Willy den Ouden, Dutch swimmer (d. 1997) *1919 – Rocky Graziano, American boxer and actor (d. 1990) * 1919 – Carole Landis, American actress (d. 1948) * 1919 – Sheila Mercier, British actress, ''Emmerdale Farm'' (d. 2019) * 1919 – J. D. Salinger, American soldier and author (d. 2010) *1920 – Osvaldo Cavandoli, Italian cartoonist (d. 2007) *1921 – Ismail al-Faruqi, Palestinian-American philosopher and academic (d. 1986) * 1921 – César Baldaccini, French sculptor and academic (d. 1998) * 1921 – Regina Bianchi, Italian actress (d. 2013) *1922 – Ernest Hollings, American soldier and politician, 106th Governor of South Carolina (d. 2019) *1923 – Valentina Cortese, Italian actress (d. 2019) * 1923 – Milt Jackson, American jazz vibraphonist and composer (d. 1999) *1924 – Francisco Macías Nguema, Equatorial Guinean politician, 1st List of heads of state of Equatorial Guinea, President of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea (d. 1979) *1925 – Matthew Beard (American actor), Matthew Beard, American child actor (d. 1981) * 1925 – Paul Bomani, Tanzanian politician and diplomat, 1st Minister of Finance (Tanzania), Tanzanian Minister of Finance (d. 2005) *1926 – Kazys Petkevičius, Lithuanian basketball player and coach (d. 2008) *1927 – Maurice Béjart, French-Swiss dancer, choreographer, and director (d. 2007) * 1927 – James Reeb, American clergyman and political activist (d. 1965) * 1927 – Vernon L. Smith, American economist and academic, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, Nobel Prize laureate * 1927 – Doak Walker, American football player and businessman (d. 1998) *1928 – Ernest Tidyman, American author and screenwriter (d. 1984) * 1928 – Gerhard Weinberg, German-American historian, author, and academic *1929 – Larry L. King, American journalist, author, and playwright (d. 2012) *1930 – Frederick Wiseman, American director and producer *1932 – Giuseppe Patanè, Italian conductor (d. 1989) *1933 – James Hormel, American philanthropist and diplomat * 1933 – Joe Orton, English dramatist (d. 1967) *1934 – Alan Berg, American lawyer and radio host (d. 1984) * 1934 – Lakhdar Brahimi, Algerian politician, Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Algeria), Algerian Minister of Foreign Affairs *1935 – Om Prakash Chautala, Indian politician *1936 – James Sinegal, American businessman, co-founded Costco *1938 – Frank Langella, American actor *1939 – Michèle Mercier, French actress * 1939 – Phil Read, English motorcycle racer and businessman * 1939 – Senfronia Thompson, American politician * 1939 – Younoussi Touré, Malian politician, Prime Minister of Mali *1942 – Dennis Archer, American lawyer and politician, 67th Mayor of Detroit * 1942 – Anthony Hamilton-Smith, 3rd Baron Colwyn, English dentist and politician * 1942 – Country Joe McDonald, American singer-songwriter and guitarist * 1942 – Alassane Ouattara, Ivorian economist and politician, List of heads of state of Ivory Coast, President of the Ivory Coast * 1942 – Gennadi Sarafanov, Russian pilot and cosmonaut (d. 2005) *1943 – Don Novello, American comedian, screenwriter and producer * 1943 – Tony Knowles (politician), Tony Knowles, American soldier and politician, 7th Governor of Alaska * 1943 – Vladimir Šeks, Croatian lawyer and politician, 16th Speaker of the Croatian Parliament *1944 – Omar al-Bashir, Sudanese field marshal and politician, 7th List of heads of state of Sudan, President of Sudan * 1944 – Barry Beath, Australian rugby league player * 1944 – Zafarullah Khan Jamali, Pakistani field hockey player and politician, 13th Prime Minister of Pakistan (d.2020) * 1944 – Teresa Torańska, Polish journalist and author (d. 2013) * 1944 – Mati Unt, Estonian author, playwright, and director (d. 2005) *1945 – Jacky Ickx, Belgian racing driver * 1945 – Victor Ashe, American politician and former United States Ambassador to Poland *1946 – Claude Steele, American social psychologist and academic * 1946 – Rivellino, Brazilian footballer and manager *1947 – Jon Corzine, American sergeant and politician, 54th Governor of New Jersey *1948 – Devlet Bahçeli, Turkish economist, academic, and politician, 57th Deputy Prime Minister of Turkey * 1948 – Dick Quax, New Zealand runner and politician (d. 2018) * 1948 – Pavel Grachev, Russian general and politician, 1st Ministry of Defence (Russia), Russian Minister of Defence (d. 2012) *1949 – Borys Tarasyuk, Ukrainian politician and diplomat *1950 – Wayne Bennett (rugby league), Wayne Bennett, Australian rugby league player and coach * 1950 – Tony Currie (footballer), Tony Currie, English footballer *1952 – Shaji N. Karun, Indian director and cinematographer *1953 – Gary Johnson, American businessman and politician, 29th Governor of New Mexico *1954 – Bob Menendez, American lawyer and politician * 1954 – Dennis O'Driscoll, Irish poet and critic (d. 2012) * 1954 – Yannis Papathanasiou, Greek engineer and politician, Ministry of Finance (Greece), Greek Minister of Finance *1955 – LaMarr Hoyt, American baseball player * 1955 – Mary Beard (classicist), Mary Beard, English classicist, academic and presenter *1956 – Sergei Avdeyev, Russian engineer and astronaut * 1956 – Royce Ayliffe, Australian rugby league player * 1956 – Christine Lagarde, French lawyer and politician; Managing Director, International Monetary Fund * 1956 – Martin Plaza, Australian singer-songwriter and guitarist *1957 – Karen Pence, American political figure Second Lady of the United States * 1957 – Evangelos Venizelos, Greek lawyer and politician, Deputy Prime Minister of Greece *1958 – Grandmaster Flash, Barbadian rapper and DJ *1959 – Abdul Ahad Mohmand, Afghan colonel, pilot, and astronaut * 1959 – Azali Assoumani, Comorian colonel and politician, List of heads of state of Comoros, President of the Comoros * 1959 – Panagiotis Giannakis, Greek basketball player and coach *1961 – Sam Backo, Australian rugby league player *1962 – Anton Muscatelli, Italian-Scottish economist and academic *1963 – Jean-Marc Gounon, French racing driver *1964 – Dedee Pfeiffer, American actress *1966 – Anna Burke, Australian businesswoman and politician, 28th Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives * 1966 – Ivica Dačić, Serbian journalist and politician, 95th Prime Minister of Serbia * 1966 – Tihomir Orešković, Croatian–Canadian businessman, 11th Prime Minister of Croatia *1967 – Tawera Nikau, New Zealand rugby league player *1968 – Davor Šuker, Croatian footballer *1969 – Verne Troyer, American actor (d. 2018) *1970 – Sergei Kiriakov, Russian footballer and coach *1971 – Bobby Holík, Czech-American ice hockey player and coach * 1971 – Jyotiraditya Madhavrao Scindia, Indian politician * 1971 – Sammie Henson, American wrestler and coach *1972 – Lilian Thuram, French footballer *1974 – Christian Paradis, Canadian lawyer and politician, 9th Minister of Industry (Canada), Canadian Minister of Industry *1975 – Chris Anstey, Australian basketball player and coach * 1975 – Joe Cannon (soccer), Joe Cannon, American soccer player and sportscaster * 1975 – Becky Kellar-Duke, Canadian ice hockey player * 1975 – Fernando Tatís, Dominican baseball player *1979 – Vidya Balan, Indian actress *1981 – Zsolt Baumgartner, Hungarian racing driver * 1981 – Mladen Petrić, Croatian footballer *1982 – David Nalbandian, Argentinian tennis player * 1982 – Egidio Arévalo Ríos, Uruguayan footballer *1983 – Melaine Walker, Jamaican hurdler * 1983 – Park Sung-hyun (archer), Park Sung-hyun, South Korean archer * 1983 – Calum Davenport, English footballer *1984 – Paolo Guerrero, Peruvian footballer * 1984 – Michael Witt, Australian rugby league player *1985 – Steven Davis, Northern Irish footballer * 1985 – Tiago Splitter, Brazilian basketball player *1986 – Pablo Cuevas, Uruguayan tennis player * 1986 – Ramses Barden, American football player * 1986 – Glen Davis (basketball), Glen Davis, American Basketball player * 1986 – Colin Morgan, Northern Irish actor *1987 – Meryl Davis, American ice dancer * 1987 – Patric Hörnqvist, Swedish ice hockey player *1988 – Marcel Gecov, Czech footballer *1989 – Jason Pierre-Paul, American football player *1990 – Julia Glushko, Israeli tennis player *1991 – Darius Slay, American football player *1991 – Xavier Su'a-Filo, American football player *1992 – Nathaniel Peteru, New Zealand rugby league player *1994 – Brendan Elliot, Australian rugby league player *1997 – Keegan Hipgrave, Australian rugby league player *1998 – Patrick Carrigan, Australian rugby league player *2003 - Daria Trubnikova, Russian rhythmic gymnast


Deaths


Pre-1600

*AD 138, 138 – Lucius Aelius, adopted son and intended successor of Hadrian (b. 101) *
404 404 may refer to: * 404 (number) * AD 404 * 404 BC * HTTP 404, the HTTP error response status for "Not Found" Cars * Peugeot 404 * Bristol 404, produced in the 1950s * Unimog 404 Highways * A404(M) motorway, in England * Ontario Highway 40 ...
– Saint Telemachus, Telemachus, Christian monk and martyr * 898 – Odo of France, Odo I, Frankish king (b. 860) * 951 – Ramiro II of León, Ramiro II, king of León and Galicia *1031 – William of Volpiano, Italian abbot (b. 962) *1189 – Henry of Marcy, Cistercian abbot (b. c. 1136) *1204 – Haakon III of Norway, Haakon III, king of Norway (b. 1182) *1387 – Charles II of Navarre, Charles II, king of Navarre (b. 1332) *1496 – Charles, Count of Angoulême, Charles d'Orléans, count of Angoulême (b. 1459) *
1515 __NOTOC__ Year 1515 ( MDXV) was a common year starting on MondayA common year starting on Monday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or bissextile year) is a calendar year that contains an additional day (or, i ...
Louis XII, king of France (b. 1462) *1559 – Christian III of Denmark, Christian III, king of Denmark (b. 1503) *1560 – Joachim du Bellay, French poet and critic (b. 1522)


1601–1900

*1617 – Hendrik Goltzius, Dutch painter and illustrator (b. 1558) *1697 – Filippo Baldinucci, Florentine historian and author (b. 1625) *1716 – William Wycherley, English playwright and poet (b. 1641) *1748 – Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician and academic (b. 1667) *1780 – Johann Ludwig Krebs, German organist and composer (b. 1713) *1782 – Johann Christian Bach, German composer (b. 1735) *1789 – Fletcher Norton, 1st Baron Grantley, English lawyer and politician, Speaker of the House of Commons (United Kingdom), British Speaker of the House of Commons (b. 1716) *1793 – Francesco Guardi, Italian painter and educator (b. 1712) *1817 – Martin Heinrich Klaproth, German chemist and academic (b. 1743) *1846 – John Torrington, English sailor and explorer (b. 1825) *1853 – Gregory Blaxland, Australian farmer and explorer (b. 1778) *1862 – Mikhail Ostrogradsky, Ukrainian mathematician and physicist (b. 1801) *1881 – Louis Auguste Blanqui, French activist (b. 1805) *
1892 Events January–March * January 1 – Ellis Island begins accommodating immigrants to the United States. * January 15 – James Naismith's rules for basketball are published for the first time in the Springfield, Massachusetts, Springfiel ...
– Roswell B. Mason, American lawyer and politician, 25th Mayor of Chicago (b. 1805) *1894 – Heinrich Hertz, German physicist and academic (b. 1857) *1896 – Alfred Ely Beach, American publisher and lawyer, created the Beach Pneumatic Transit (b. 1826)


1901–present

*1906 – Hugh Nelson (Australian politician), Hugh Nelson, Scottish-Australian farmer and politician, 11th Premier of Queensland (b. 1833) *1918 – William Wilfred Campbell, Canadian poet and author (b. 1858) *1921 – Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg, German lawyer and politician, 5th Chancellor of Germany (b. 1856) *1929 – Mustafa Necati, Turkish civil servant and politician, Ministry of Environment and Urban Planning (Turkey), Turkish Minister of Environment and Urban Planning (b. 1894) *1931 – Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist and botanist (b. 1851) *1937 – Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati, Indian religious leader, founded the Gaudiya Math (b. 1874) *1940 – Panuganti Lakshminarasimha Rao, Indian author and educator (b. 1865) *1944 – Edwin Lutyens, English architect, designed the Castle Drogo and Thiepval Memorial (b. 1869) * 1944 – Charles Turner (Australian cricketer), Charles Turner, Australian cricketer (b. 1862) *1953 – Hank Williams, American singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1923) *1954 – Duff Cooper, English politician and diplomat, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster (b. 1890) * 1954 – Leonard Bacon (poet), Leonard Bacon, American poet and critic (b. 1887) *1955 – Arthur C. Parker, American archaeologist and historian (b. 1881) *1960 – Margaret Sullavan, American actress (b. 1909) *1966 – Vincent Auriol, French journalist and politician, 16th President of the French Republic (b. 1884) *1969 – Barton MacLane, American actor, playwright and screenwriter (b. 1902) *1971 – Amphilochius of Pochayiv, Ukrainian saint (b. 1894) *1972 – Maurice Chevalier, French actor and singer (b. 1888) *1978 – Carle Hessay, German-Canadian painter (b. 1911) *1980 – Pietro Nenni, Italian journalist and politician, Italian Minister of Foreign Affairs (b. 1891) *1981 – Hephzibah Menuhin, American-Australian pianist (b. 1920) *1982 – Victor Buono, American actor (b. 1938) *1984 – Alexis Korner, French-English singer-songwriter and guitarist (b. 1928) *1992 – Grace Hopper, American computer scientist and admiral, co-developed COBOL (b. 1906) *1994 – Arthur Porritt, Baron Porritt, New Zealand physician and politician, 11th Governor-General of New Zealand (b. 1900) * 1994 – Cesar Romero, American actor (b. 1907) * 1994 – Edward Arthur Thompson, Irish historian and academic (b. 1914) *1995 – Eugene Wigner, Hungarian-American physicist and mathematician, Nobel Prize in Physics, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1902) *1996 – Arleigh Burke, American admiral (b. 1901) * 1996 – Arthur Rudolph, German-American engineer (b. 1906) *1997 – Townes Van Zandt, American singer-songwriter, guitarist, and producer (b. 1944) *1998 – Helen Wills, American tennis player and coach (b. 1905) *2001 – Ray Walston, American actor (b. 1914) *2002 – Julia Phillips, American film producer and author (b. 1944) *2003 – Joe Foss, American soldier, pilot, and politician, 20th Governor of South Dakota (b. 1915) *2005 – Shirley Chisholm, American educator and politician (b. 1924) *2006 – Harry Magdoff, American economist and journalist (b. 1913) *2007 – Roland Levinsky, South African-English biochemist and academic (b. 1943) * 2007 – Tillie Olsen, American short story writer (b. 1912) *2008 – Pratap Chandra Chunder, Indian educator and politician (b. 1919) *2009 – Claiborne Pell, American politician (b. 1918) *2010 – Lhasa de Sela, American-Mexican singer-songwriter (b. 1972) *2012 – Kiro Gligorov, Bulgarian-Macedonian lawyer and politician, 1st President of the Republic of Macedonia (b. 1917) * 2012 – Nay Win Maung, Burmese physician, businessman, and activist (b. 1962) * 2012 – Tommy Mont, American football player and coach (b. 1922) *2013 – Christopher Martin-Jenkins, English journalist (b. 1945) * 2013 – Patti Page, American singer and actress (b. 1927) *2014 – Higashifushimi Kunihide, Japanese monk and educator (b. 1910) * 2014 – William Mgimwa, Tanzanian banker and politician, 13th Minister of Finance (Tanzania), Tanzanian Minister of Finance (b. 1950) * 2014 – Juanita Moore, American actress (b. 1914) *2015 – Mario Cuomo, American lawyer and politician, 52nd Governor of New York (b. 1932) * 2015 – Donna Douglas, American actress (b. 1932) * 2015 – Omar Karami, Lebanese lawyer and politician, 58th Prime Minister of Lebanon (b. 1934) * 2015 – Boris Morukov, Russian physician and astronaut (b. 1950) *2016 – Fazu Aliyeva, Russian poet and journalist (b. 1932) * 2016 – Dale Bumpers, American soldier, lawyer, and politician, 38th Governor of Arkansas (b. 1925) * 2016 – Vilmos Zsigmond, Hungarian-American cinematographer and producer (b. 1930) *2017 – Tony Atkinson, British economist (b. 1944) * 2017 – Yvon Dupuis, Canadian politician (b. 1926) * 2017 – Derek Parfit, British philosopher (b. 1942) *2018 – Robert Mann, American violinist (b. 1920) *2019 – Paul Neville (politician), Paul Neville, Australian politician (b. 1940) * 2019 – Pegi Young, American singer, songwriter, environmentalist, educator and philanthropist (b. 1952) *2020 – Alexander Frater, British travel writer and journalist (b. 1937) * 2020 – Barry McDonald (rugby union), Barry McDonald, Australian rugby union player (b. 1940) * 2020 – David Stern, American lawyer and businessman (b. 1942) * 2020 – Elmira Minita Gordon, Belizean educator and psychologist (b.1930) *2021 – Carlos do Carmo, Portuguese fado singer (b. 1939)


Holidays and observances

*Christian Calendar of saints, feast day: **Adalard of Corbie **Basil of Caesarea, Basil the Great (Eastern Orthodox Church) **Feast of the Circumcision of Christ ***Feast of the Holy Name of Jesus (Anglican Communion, Lutheran Church) ***Feast of Fools (Medieval Europe) **Fulgentius of Ruspe **Giuseppe Maria Tomasi **Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God, the Octave (liturgical), Octave Day of Christmas, considered a holy day of obligation in some countries (Catholic Church); and its related observances: ***World Day of Peace **Saint Telemachus, Telemachus **Zygmunt Gorazdowski **January 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) *Earliest day on which Handsel Monday can fall, while January 7 is the latest; celebrated on the first Monday of the year (Scotland) *Second day of Hogmanay (Scotland) December 31-January 1, in some cases until January 2. *The last day of Kwanzaa (African-Americans) *The eighth of the Twelve Days of Christmas (Western Christianity) *Constitution Day (Italy) *Dissolution of Czechoslovakia-related observances: **Day of the Establishment of the Slovak Republic (Slovakia) **Restoration Day of the Independent Czech State (Czech Republic) *Emancipation Day (
United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., federal di ...

United States
) *History of the euro, Euro Day (European Union) *Flag Day (Lithuania) commemorates raising of the Lithuanian flag on Gediminas' Tower in 1919 *Founding Day (Taiwan) commemorates the establishment of the Provisional Government in Nanjing *Global Family Day *List of national independence days, Independence Day (Brunei, Cameroon,
Haiti Haiti (; ht, Ayiti ; french: Haïti ), officially the Republic of Haiti (; ), and formerly known as Hayti, is a country located on the island of Hispaniola Hispaniola (, also ; es, La Española; Latin language, Latin and french: Hispan ...

Haiti
, Sudan) *International Nepali Dhoti and Nepali Topi Day *Jump-up Day (Montserrat) *Kalpataru Day (Ramakrishna Movement) *List of festivals and events in Kamakura#January, Kamakura Ebisu, January 1–3 (Kamakura, Kanagawa, Japan) *List of food days#January, National Bloody Mary Day (
United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., federal di ...

United States
) *Arbor Day, National Tree Planting Day (Tanzania) *
New Year's Day New Year's Day is a festival observed in most of the world on 1 January, the first day of the year in the modern Gregorian calendar. 1 January is also New Year's Day on the Julian calendar, but this is not the same day as the Gregorian one. Whi ...

New Year's Day
(Gregorian calendar) **Japanese New Year **Novy God Day (Russia) **Okinawan festivals and observances, Sjoogwachi (Okinawa Islands) *Polar bear plunge, Polar Bear Swim Day (Canada and
United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., federal di ...

United States
) *Public Domain Day (multiple countries) *Triumph of the Revolution (Cuba)


References


External links


BBC: On This Day
*
Historical Events on January 1

Today in Canadian History
{{months Days of the year January