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is a
subprefecture A subprefecture is an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are generic names ...

subprefecture
of
Hokkaido Prefecture is the second largest island of Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat = Imperial Seal of Japan.svg , alt_coa ...

Hokkaido Prefecture
,
Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally ) is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an in ...

Japan
, located in the western part of the island. The subprefecture covers and in 2011 had a population of 2,334,241. The subprefecture takes its name from the
Ishikari River is a city A city is a large .Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It can be defined as a pe ...
, the third longest in Japan, which flows through western Hokkaido and empties into the
Sea of Japan The Sea of Japan is the marginal sea This is a list of seas of the World Ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of Saline water, salt water that covers approximately 70.8% of the surface of Earth and contains 97% ...

Sea of Japan
in the city of
Ishikari is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It can be de ...
. There are 6 cities, three towns, and one village under its jurisdiction.
Sapporo is a city in Japan. It is the largest city north of Tokyo, and the largest city on Hokkaido, the northernmost main island of the country. It is the capital city of Hokkaido, Hokkaido Prefecture and Ishikari Subprefecture. Sapporo lies in the sou ...

Sapporo
is both the capital of Hokkaido Prefecture and Ishikari Subprefecture. Shikotsu-Toya National Park is located in the southern part of the subprefecture, and Shokanbetsu-Teuri-Yagishiri Quasi-National Park in the north.


Etymology

The word Ishikari comes from the
Ainu language Ainu ( ''Ainu-itak'') or more precisely Hokkaido Ainu, is a language spoken by a few elderly members of the Ainu people The Ainu or the Aynu ( ain, アィヌ, , ; ja, アイヌ, ; russian: Áйны, ), also known as the in historical Japan ...
, and several theories exist as to the meaning of the name. *The most common translation of "Ishikari", proposed by the missionary and researcher of the Ainu language
John Batchelor John Calvin Batchelor (born April 29, 1948) is an American author and host of ''The John Batchelor Show''. Based at AM 770 WABC radio in New York for five years from early 2001 to September 2006, the show was syndicated nationally on the ABC ...
(1854 – 1944) in 1935, is "a greatly wandering river", a reference to the meandering path of the Ishikari River. According to Batchelor ''Ishikari'' is a corruption of "i-sikar-pet" or "ishikaripet". The 'i' sound of i-sikar-pet is a
prefix A prefix is an affix In linguistics Linguistics is the scientific study of language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gestures (Signed language, sign language) ...
meaning "greatly" or "exceedingly"; ''shikari'' meaning "zigzag" or "serpentine", and ''pet'' is the Ainu word for river. * Tōgo Yoshida (1864 – 1918), proposed in the '' Dai Nihon Chimei Jisho'', published between 1907 and 1910, that "Ishikaripet" had its origin in the Ainu language word "Ishikarapet", meaning "a beautifully formed river"; ''ishu'' meaning "beautiful", ''kara'' meaning "constructed" and ''pet'' meaning river. "Ishikari" is written in the
Japanese language is an East Asian language spoken by about 128 million people, primarily in Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally ) is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct terr ...

Japanese language
using ''
ateji In modern Japanese Japanese may refer to: * Something from or related to Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat ...
'', or
kanji are a set of logographic In a written language A written language is the representation of a spoken or gestural language A language is a structured system of communication used by humans, including speech (spoken language), gest ...

kanji
characters used to phonetically represent native or borrowed words. The first, , means to "stone", and the second, , means "to hunt". The meaning of the written form of Ishikari has no relationship to the meaning of word in the Ainu language.


Geography


Municipalities


Mergers


History

*1897: Sapporo Subprefecture established. *1922: Renamed Ishikari Subprefecture. *1996: Hiroshima Town becomes Kitahiroshima City, dissolving Sapporo District.


Transportation

Ishikari Prefecture has two airports, both serving the greater Sapporo area. *
Okadama Airport is an airport located in Okadama-chō, Higashi-ku, Sapporo, Higashi-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido, north of the city center of Sapporo. Its scheduled airline service is limited to turboprop flights to other cities in Hokkaidō; larger aircraft use New C ...
(Domestic) *
New Chitose Airport is an international airport An international airport is an airport An airport is an aerodrome with extended facilities, mostly for commercial air transport. Airports often have facilities to park and maintain aircraft, and a contro ...

New Chitose Airport
(International) (Located in the city of Chitose)


References


External links


Official website
{{Hokkaido Subprefectures in Hokkaido