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The (; Institute of France) is a French
learned society A learned society (; also known as a learned academy, scholarly society, or academic association) is an organization that exists to promote an discipline (academia), academic discipline, profession, or a group of related disciplines such as the ...
, grouping five , including the
Académie Française An academy (Attic Greek: Ἀκαδήμεια; Koine Greek Ἀκαδημία) is an institution of secondary education, secondary or tertiary education, tertiary higher education, higher learning, research, or honorary membership. Academia is the w ...
. It was established in 1795 at the direction of the
National Convention The National Convention (french: link=no, Convention nationale) was a parliament In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Del ...
. Located on the Quai de Conti in the
6th arrondissement of Paris The 6th arrondissement of Paris (''VIe arrondissement'') is one of the 20 arrondissements An arrondissement (, , ) is any of various administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, adm ...
, the Institute manages approximately 1,000 foundations, as well as
museum A museum ( ; plural museums or, rarely, musea) is a building or institution that cares for and displays a collection Collection or Collections may refer to: * Cash collection, the function of an accounts receivable department * Collec ...

museum
s and
château A château (; plural: châteaux) is a manor house#REDIRECT Manor house A manor house was historically the main residence of the lord of the manor. The house formed the administrative centre of a manor in the European feudal system; wi ...

château
x open for visit. It also awards prizes and subsidies, which amounted to a total of over €27 million per year in 2017. Most of these prizes are awarded by the Institute on the recommendation of the .


History

The building was originally constructed as the Collège des Quatre-Nations by
Cardinal Mazarin Cardinal Jules Mazarin (, also , , ; 14 July 1602 – 9 March 1661), born Giulio Raimondo Mazzarino () or Mazarini, was an Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Italy ** Italians, an ethnic g ...

Cardinal Mazarin
, as a school for students from new provinces attached to France under
Louis XIV Louis XIV (Louis Dieudonné; 5 September 16381 September 1715), also known as Louis the Great () or the Sun King (), was King of France from 14 May 1643 until his death in 1715. His reign of 72 years and 110 days is the List of longest-reigning mo ...

Louis XIV
. The inscription over the façade reads "JUL. MAZARIN S.R.E. CARD BASILICAM ET GYMNAS F.C.A M.D.C.LXI", attesting that Mazarin ordered its construction in 1661. The Institut de France was established on 25 October 1795, by the
National Convention The National Convention (french: link=no, Convention nationale) was a parliament In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Del ...
. On 1 January 2018,
Xavier Darcos Xavier Darcos (born 14 July 1947) is a French Politics of France, politician, Education in France#Tertiary education, scholar, French Civil Service, civil servant and former Minister of Labour (France), Minister of Labour. An Agrégation, ''agr ...

Xavier Darcos
took office as the Institut de France's chancellor. Elected in 2017 to succeed
Gabriel de Broglie
Gabriel de Broglie
, he was reelected in 2020. The chancellor acts as the Institute's secretary general, whilst the organisation itself is placed under the protection of the
President of the Republic The President of the Republic is a title used for heads of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona who officially embodies a state Foakes, pp. 110–11 " he head of statebeing an embodiment of the State itself or r ...
. Institut de France 1898.jpg, Esplanade in front of the Institut, 1898 TourDeNesleInstitut.jpg, A plaque on the northern wall of the Institut de France shows the ancient location of the
Tour de Nesle The Tour de Nesle or Nesle's Tower was one of the four large guard towers on the old city wall of Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants, most populous city of France, with ...


Académies

*
Académie Française An academy (Attic Greek: Ἀκαδήμεια; Koine Greek Ἀκαδημία) is an institution of secondary education, secondary or tertiary education, tertiary higher education, higher learning, research, or honorary membership. Academia is the w ...
(French Academy, concerning the French language) – initiated 1635, suppressed 1793, restored 1803 as a division of the Institute. *
Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres The ''Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres'' () is a France, French learned society devoted to the humanities, founded in February 1663 as one of the five academies of the Institut de France. History The Académie originated in 1663 a ...
(Academy of Humanities) – initiated 1663. *
Académie des sciences The French Academy of Sciences (French: ''Académie des sciences'') is a learned society A learned society (; also known as a learned academy, scholarly society, or academic association) is an organization that exists to promote an discip ...
(Academy of Sciences) – initiated 1666. *
Académie des Beaux-Arts The Académie des Beaux-Arts (, ''Academy of Fine Arts'') is a French learned society A learned society (; also known as a learned academy, scholarly society, or academic association) is an organization An organization, or organisati ...
(Academy of Fine Arts) – created 1816 as the merger of: ** The
Académie de peinture et de sculpture An academy (Attic Greek Attic Greek is the Greek language, Greek dialect of the regions of ancient Greece, ancient region of Attica, including the ''polis'' of classical Athens, Athens. Often called classical Greek, it was the prestige (sociolin ...
(Academy of Painting and Sculpture, initiated 1648); ** The Académie de musique (Academy of Music, initiated 1669) and; ** The Académie d'architecture (Academy of Architecture, initiated 1671). *
Académie des sciences morales et politiques An academy (Attic Greek Attic Greek is the Greek language, Greek dialect of the regions of ancient Greece, ancient region of Attica, including the ''polis'' of classical Athens, Athens. Often called classical Greek, it was the prestige (sociolin ...
(Academy of Moral and Political Sciences) – initiated 1795, suppressed 1803, reestablished 1832.


Influence

The
Royal Society of Canada The Royal Society of Canada (RSC; french: Société royale du Canada, SRC), also known as the Academies of Arts, Humanities and Sciences of Canada (French: ''Académies des arts, des lettres et des sciences du Canada''), is the senior national, bili ...
, initiated 1882, was modeled after the Institut de France and the
Royal Society The Royal Society, formally The Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, is a learned society A learned society (; also known as a learned academy, scholarly society, or academic association) is an organization that exis ...
of London. The
Lebanese Academy of Sciences The Lebanese Academy of Sciences, known officially by its French name Académie des Sciences du Liban (ASL), is a learned society dedicated to promoting the growth, invigoration, and dissemination of the sciences in Lebanon, and to fostering a wor ...
, known officially by its French name "Académie des Sciences du Liban" (ASL), is broadly fashioned after the French Academy of Sciences, with which it continues to develop joint programmes.


See also

* Collège des Quatre-Nations *
National academy#REDIRECT National academy A national academy is an organizational body, usually operating with state financial support and approval, that co-ordinates scholarly research Research is "creativity, creative and systematic work undertaken to i ...
*
List of museums in Paris There are around 130 museums in Paris, France, within city limits. This list also includes suburban museums within the " Grand Paris" area, such as the Air and Space Museum. The sixteen museums of the City of Paris are annotated with "VP", as wel ...
*
List of honorary societies This is a list of honorary society (disambiguation), honorary societies to which individuals are elected based on meritorious conduct. Private academies and societies * American Philosophical Society * Phi Alpha Theta * Phi Beta Kappa Society * ...


References


External links

* *
Notes on the Institut de France from the Scholarly Societies project
{{Authority control National academies Learned societies of France 1795 establishments in France Organizations established in 1795 Organizations based in Paris Les Neuf Sœurs Domes