HOME

TheInfoList




Hygromiidae is a
taxonomic Taxonomy (general) is the practice and science of classification of things or concepts, including the principles that underlie such classification. The term may also refer to a specific classification scheme. Originally used only about biological ...
family In human society A society is a Social group, group of individuals involved in persistent Social relation, social interaction, or a large social group sharing the same spatial or social territory, typically subject to the same Politic ...
of small to medium-sized air-breathing
land snail A land snail is any of the numerous species of snail that live on land, as opposed to the sea snails and freshwater snails. ''Land snail'' is the common name for terrestrial molluscs, terrestrial gastropod mollusks that have gastropod shell, shel ...

land snail
s,
terrestrial Terrestrial refers to things related to land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently submerged in water. Most but not all land is situated at elevations above sea level (variable over geologic time frames) and consists main ...
pulmonate Pulmonata, or "pulmonates", is an informal group (previously an order Order or ORDER or Orders may refer to: * Orderliness Orderliness is associated with other qualities such as cleanliness Cleanliness is both the abstract state of being clea ...
gastropod The gastropods (), commonly known as snails and slugs, belong to a large taxonomic Taxonomy (general) is the practice and science of classification of things or concepts, including the principles that underlie such classification. The term may ...
mollusk Mollusca is the second-largest phylum In biology, a phylum (; plural The plural (sometimes list of glossing abbreviations, abbreviated ), in many languages, is one of the values of the grammatical number, grammatical category of number ...
s in the superfamily
Helicoidea Helicoidea is a Taxonomy (biology), taxonomic Taxonomic rank, superfamily of air-breathing land snails, terrestrial molluscs, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the clade Stylommatophora. Taxonomy 2005 taxonomy There are 19 families wit ...
.


Anatomy

Some snails in genera within this family create and use
love dart A love dart (also known as a gypsobelum) is a sharp, calcareous ''Calcareous'' is an adjective meaning "mostly or partly composed of calcium carbonate Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound A chemical compound is a chemical sub ...
s as part of their courtship and mating behavior. In this family, the number of
haploid Ploidy () is the number of complete sets of chromosome A chromosome is a long DNA molecule with part or all of the genetic material of an organism. Most eukaryotic chromosomes include packaging proteins called histones which, aided by ...
chromosome A chromosome is a long DNA molecule with part or all of the genome, genetic material of an organism. Most eukaryotic chromosomes include packaging proteins called histones which, aided by Chaperone (protein), chaperone proteins, bind to and ...

chromosome
s lies between 26 and 30 (according to the values in this table).Barker G. M.: Gastropods on Land: ''Phylogeny, Diversity and Adaptive Morphology''. in Barker G. M. (ed.):
The biology of terrestrial molluscs
'. CABI Publishing, Oxon, UK, 2001, . 1-146, cited pages: 139 and 142.


Taxonomy

The family Hygromiidae consists of the following subfamilies (according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005): * subfamily Hygromiinae Tryon, 1866 ** tribe Hygromiini Tryon, 1866 - synonym: Cernuellini Schileyko, 1991 ** tribe Perforatellini Neiber, Razkin & Hausdorf, 2017 * subfamily Leptaxinae C.R. Boettger, 1909 ** tribe Cryptosaccini Neiber, Razkin & Hausdorf, 2017 ** tribe Leptaxini C.R. Boettger, 1909 ** tribe Perforatellini Neiber, Razkin & Hausdorf, 2017 * subfamily Metafruticicolinae Schileyko, 1972 * subfamily Ponentininae Schileyko, 1991 * subfamily Trochulininae Lindholm, 1927 ** tribe Archaicini Schileyko, 1978 ** tribe Caucasigenini Neiber, Razkin & Hausdorf, 2017 ** tribe Ciliellini Schileyko, 1970 ** tribe Halolimnohelicini H. Nordsieck, 1986 ** tribe Monachaini Wenz, 1930 (1904) ** tribe Trochulini Lindholm, 1927 ** tribe Urticicolini Neiber, Razkin & Hausdorf, 2017


Genera

Genera with the family Hygromiidae include: The type genus of this family is ''
Hygromia ''Hygromia'' is a genus of air-breathing land snails, terrestrial molluscs, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the family Hygromiidae, the hairy snails and their allies. MolluscaBase eds. (2021). MolluscaBase. Hygromia Risso, 1826. Access ...
''
Risso
Risso
, 1826. ;subfamily Hygromiinae Tryon, 1866 * tribe Hygromiini ** ''
Hygromia ''Hygromia'' is a genus of air-breathing land snails, terrestrial molluscs, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the family Hygromiidae, the hairy snails and their allies. MolluscaBase eds. (2021). MolluscaBase. Hygromia Risso, 1826. Access ...
''
Risso
Risso
, 1826 ** ''
Zenobiellina ''Zenobiellina'' is a genus of air-breathing land snails, terrestrial molluscs, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the subfamily Hygromiinae of the family Hygromiidae, the hairy snails and their allies. MolluscaBase eds. (2021). Mollusca ...
'' Holyoak, D. T. & Holyoak, G. A., 2018 * tribe Perforatellini Neiber, Razkin & Hausdorf, 2017 ** '' Chilanodon'' Westerlund, 1897 ** ''
Kovacsia ''Kovacsia'' is a genus of air-breathing land snails, terrestrial molluscs, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the family Hygromiidae, the hairy snails and their allies. MolluscaBase eds. (2021). MolluscaBase. Kovacsia H. Nordsieck, 1993. ...
'' H. Nordsieck, 1993 ** '' Lindholmomneme'' F. Haas, 1936 ** ''Lozekia'' Hudec, 1970 ** ''Monachoides'' Gude & B. B. Woodward, 1921 ** ''Noneulota'' Schileyko & Horsák, 2007 ** ''Perforatella'' Schlüter, 1838 ** ''Pseudotrichia (gastropod), Pseudotrichia'' Schileyko, 1970 ** Stygius Schileyko, 1970 * tribe incertaCucherat X. & Demuynck S. (2006). "Catalogue annoté des Gastéropodes terrestres (Mollusca, Gastropoda) de la région Nord - Pas-de-Calais"
''MalaCo'', Bulletin de la Malacologie Continentale Française, (2)
: page 81. http://www.journal-malaco.fr/page-5.html
;subfamily Leptaxinae C.R. Boettger, 1909 * Tribe Cryptosaccini Neiber, Razkin & Hausdorf, 2017 ** ''Cryptosaccus'' Prieto & Puente, 1994 ** ''Fractanella'' Caro & Madeira, 2019 ** ''Mengoana'' Ortiz de Zárate López, 1951 ** ''Pyrenaearia'' P. Hesse, 1921 * Tribe Leptaxini C.R. Boettger, 1909 ** ''Leptaxis'' R. T. Lowe, 1852 ** ''Portugala'' E. Gittenberger, 1980 ;subfamily Metafruticicolinae Schileyko, 1972 ** ''Cyrnotheba'' Germain, 1928 ** ''Hiltrudia'' H. Nordsieck, 1993 ** ''Metafruticicola'' Ihering, 1892 ; subfamily Trochulininae Lindholm, 1927 * Tribe Archaicini Schileyko, 1978 ** ''Angiomphalia'' Schileyko, 1978 ** ''Archaica'' Schileyko, 1970 ** ''Coronarchaica'' Neiber, Razkin & Hausdorf, 2017 ** ''Leucozonella'' Lindholm, 1927 ** ''Odontotrema (gastropod), Odontotrema'' Lindholm, 1927 ** ''Paedhoplita'' Lindholm, 1927 * Tribe Ashfordiini Neiber, Razkin & Hausdorf, 2017 ** ''Ashfordia'' J. W. Taylor, 1917 * tribe Caucasigenini Neiber, Razkin & Hausdorf, 2017 ** ''Anoplitella'' Lindholm, 1929 ** ''Caucasigena'' Lindholm, 1927 ** ''Circassina'' P. Hesse, 1921 ** ''Diodontella'' Lindholm, 1929 ** ''Dioscuria'' Lindholm, 1927 ** ''Fruticocampylaea'' Kobelt, 1871 ** ''Hygrohelicopsis'' Schileyko, 1978 ** ''Teberdinia'' Schileyko, 1978 * Tribe Ciliellini Schileyko, 1970 ** ''Ciliella (gastropod), Ciliella'' Mousson, 1872 ** ''Ciliellopsis'' Giusti & Manganelli, 1990 * tribe Ganulini Neiber, Razkin & Hausdorf, 2017 ** Ganula E. Gittenberger, 1970 ** ''Ichnusotricha'' Giusti & Manganelli, 1987 ** ''Nienhuisiella'' Giusti & Manganelli, 1987 * tribe Halolimnohelicini H. Nordsieck, 1986 ** ''Elgonella'' Preston, 1914 ** ''Halolimnohelix'' Germain, 1913 ** ''Haplohelix'' Pilsbry, 1919 ** ''Vicariihelix'' Pilsbry, 1919 * tribe Monachaini Wenz, 1930 (1904) ** ''Abchasohela'' Hudec & Lezhawa, 1971 ** ''Batumica'' Schileyko, 1978 ** ''Caucasocressa'' P. Hesse, 1921 ** ''Diplobursa'' Schileyko, 1968 ** ''Euomphalia'' Westerlund, 1889 ** ''Harmozica (gastropod), Harmozica'' Lindholm, 1927"Caucasian Land Snails"
. accessed May 2, 2014.
** ''Hesseola'' Lindholm, 1927 ** ''Jasonella'' Lindholm, 1927 ** ''Karabaghia'' Lindholm, 1927 ** ''Lejeania'' Ancey, 1887 ** ''Monacha'' Fitzinger, 1833 - type genus of the subfamily Monachainae ** ''Oscarboettgeria'' Lindholm, 1927 ** ''Platytheba'' Pilsbry, 1895 ** ''Prostenomphalia'' Baidashnikov, 1985 ** ''Pseudhesseola'' H. Nordsieck, 1993 ** ''Stenomphalia'' Lindholm, 1927 * tribe Trochulini Lindholm, 1927 * ''Edentiella'' Poliński, 1929 * ''Noricella'' Neiber, Razkin & Hausdorf, 2017 * ''Petasina'' H. Beck, 1847 ** ''Trochulus'' Chemnitz, 1786 - synonym: ''Trichia'' * Tribe Urticicolini Neiber, Razkin & Hausdorf, 2017 ** ''Plicuteria'' Schileyko, 1978 ** ''Semifruticicola'' A. J. Wagner, 1914 ** ''Urticicola'' Lindholm, 1927 ** ''Xerocampylaea'' Kobelt, 1871 subfamily ? ** † ''Archygromia'' Pfeffer, 1930 * † ''Camaenopsis'' Dollfus & Dautzenberg, 1924 ** ''Cernuellopsis'' Manganelli & Giusti, 1988 ** ''Helicotricha'' Giusti, Manganelli & Crisci, 1992 ** † ''Hemistenotrema'' O. Boettger, 1897 ** ''Ichnusomunda'' Giusti & Manganelli, 1998 ** ''Kalitinaia'' Hudec & Lezhawa, 1967 ** † ''Leucochroopsis'' O. Boettger, 1908 ** † ''Loganiopharynx'' Wenz, 1919 ** † ''Pseudomonacha'' Pfeffer, 1930 ** † ''Pseudoxerotricha'' C. R. Boettger, 1911


Synonyms

* ''Kokotschashvilia'' Hudec & Lezhawa, 1969: synonym of ''Dioscuria'' Lindholm, 1927 * ''Shileykoia'' Hudec, 1969: synonym of ''Fruticocampylaea'' Kobelt, 1871 * ''Tyrrheniella'': synonym of ''Tyrrheniellina'' Giusti & Manganelli, 1992 * ''Zenobiella'' Gude & Woodward, 1921 - with the only species ''Zenobiella subrufescens'' (Miller, 1822): synonym of ''
Zenobiellina ''Zenobiellina'' is a genus of air-breathing land snails, terrestrial molluscs, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the subfamily Hygromiinae of the family Hygromiidae, the hairy snails and their allies. MolluscaBase eds. (2021). Mollusca ...
'' Holyoak, D. T. & Holyoak, G. A., 2018 (junior synonym)


References


External links


A page of images of shells of species in the family
{{Taxonbar, from=Q1521424 Hygromiidae, Taxa named by George Washington Tryon