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The Huan River (), or Anyang River (), is a river in
Henan Henan (; ; alternatively Honan) is a landlocked province of China The provincial level administrative divisions () are the highest-level administrative divisions of China. There are 34 such divisions claimed by the People's Republic of ...

Henan
,
China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere ...

China
, and part of the
Hai River The Hai River (海河, lit. "Sea River"), also Also or ALSO may refer to: *Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics Advanced Life Support in Obstetrics (ALSO) is a program that was developed by the American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP). This ...
basin. The river rises north of
LinzhouLinzhou may refer to: * Linzhou, Henan (林州), a county-level city in Henan, China ** Linzhou Steel, a state-owned Chinese steel company * Lhünzhub County in Tibet, China, known in Chinese as Linzhou (林周) * Linzhou (林州), a former prefectu ...
in northwestern Henan, and joins the
Wei River The Wei River () is a major river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases, a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course ...
near
Neihuang Neihuang County () is a county in the north of Henan province, China, bordering Hebei province to the north. It is under the administration of Anyang city. Administrative divisions As 2012, this county is divided to 7 towns and 10 townships. ;Towns ...
in the northeast of the province. The site of
Yinxu Yinxu (modern ; ) is the site of one of the ancient and major historical capitals of China This is a list of historical capitals of China. Four Great Ancient Capitals There are traditionally four major historical capitals of China referred to ...

Yinxu
, in the village of Xiaotun within present-day
Anyang Anyang (; ) is a prefecture-level city in Henan province of China, province, China. The northernmost city in Henan, Anyang borders Puyang to the east, Hebi and Xinxiang to the south, and the provinces of Shanxi and Hebei to its west and north resp ...

Anyang
on the south bank of the river, has been identified as the last capital of the
Shang dynasty The Shang dynasty (), also historically known as the Yin dynasty (), was a Chinese dynasty Dynasties in Chinese history, or Chinese dynasties, were hereditary monarchical regimes that ruled over China during much of its history. From ...

Shang dynasty
, occupied between the 13th and 11th centuries BCE. A walled city and palace complex at Huanbei on the north bank, occupied in the second half of the 14th century BCE, was destroyed at the time Yinxu was built. The river's name, Huan 洹, has been in use for more than 3,000 years. The character was recorded on both Shang-era
oracle bones Oracle bones () are pieces of ox scapula In anatomy Anatomy (Greek ''anatomē'', 'dissection') is the branch of biology concerned with the study of the structure of organism In biology, an organism (from Ancient Greek, Greek: ὀρ ...
and bronze vessels.


Notes


Bibliography

* * Rivers of Henan Anyang {{China-river-stub