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Hararghe ( am, ሐረርጌ ''Harärge''; Harari: ሐረርጌይ ''Harärgeyi'', Oromo: Harargee, so, Xararge) was a
province of eastern Ethiopia
province of eastern Ethiopia
with its capital in
Harar Harar ( amh, ሐረር; Gē "the City", om, Harar, ar, هرر) is a walled city in eastern Ethiopia. It is known in Arabic as the City of Wali, Saints ( ar, مدينة الأَوْلِيَاء). Harar is the capital of the East Hararghe Zone ...

Harar
.


History

The region consisted mostly of the territory of the
Emirate of Harar An emirate is a political territory that is ruled by a dynastic Arabic or Islam Islam (;There are ten pronunciations of ''Islam'' in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the ''s'' is or , a ...
annexed by Menelik in 1887. Including Ethiopia's part of the
Ogaden Ogaden (pronounced and often spelled ''Ogadēn''; so, Ogaadeen) is one of the three historical names given to the modern Somali Region The Somali Regional State ( so, Dawlad Deegaanka Soomaalida, am, የሶማሌ ክልል, ar, المن ...
, Haraghe was bounded on west by
Shewa Shewa ( om, Shawaa; am, ሸዋ), formerly romanized as Shua, Shoa, Showa, Shuwa (''Scioà'' in Italian), is a historical region of Ethiopia Ethiopia (; am, ኢትዮጵያ, , aa, Itiyoophiyaa, gez, ኢትዮጵያ, om , Itoophiyaa ...
, northwest by
Wollo Province Wollo (Amharic language, Amharic: ወሎ, originally Bete Amhara). There were places in Amhara Wollo province where the belief of Old Testament and synagogues existed before 34 A.D. This region was one of the place where synagogues were transformed ...
, northeast by
French Somaliland French Somaliland (french: Côte française des Somalis, lit. "French Coast of the Somalis" so, Dhulka Soomaaliyeed ee Faransiiska) was a French colony in the Horn of Africa. It existed between 1884 and 1967. Djibouti is its legal successor s ...
and
Somaliland Somaliland ( so, Somaliland; ar, صوماليلاند ', '), officially the Republic of Somaliland ( so, Jamhuuriyadda Soomaaliland, ar, جمهورية صوماليلاند ''Jumhūrīyat Ṣūmālīlānd''), is a self-declared soverei ...

Somaliland
, and on the east by
Somalia Somalia,, Osmanya script: 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒕𐒖; ar, الصومال, aṣ-Ṣūmāl officially the Federal Republic of SomaliaThe ''Federal Republic of Somalia'' is the country's name per Article 1 of thProvisional Constitutio ...

Somalia
. Originally however Hararghe included the Sidamo,
Bale Bale may refer to: Packaging * Cotton Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus '' Gossypium'' in the mallow family Malvaceae. The fiber is almo ...
and
Arsi Province Arsi ( Ge’ez: አርሲ) was a province of Imperial Ethiopia Ethiopia (; am, ኢትዮጵያ, , aa, Itiyoophiyaa, gez, ኢትዮጵያ, om , Itoophiyaa, so, Itoobiya, ti , ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republ ...
until
Haile Selassie Haile Selassie I ( gez, ቀዳማዊ ኀይለ ሥላሴ, Qädamawi Häylä Səllasé, ; born Tafari Makonnen; 23 July 189227 August 1975) was Emperor of Ethiopia The Emperor of Ethiopia ( gez, ንጉሠ ነገሥት, nəgusä nägäst, " ...

Haile Selassie
split the provinces. Hararghe was the historical homeland of the
Harla people The Harla, also known as Harala, Karala, or Arla, were an ethnic group that inhabited Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somaliland and Somalia. They spoke the now-extinct Harla language, which belonged to either the Cushitic languages, Cushitic or Semitic langu ...
. Hararghe was altered as a result of Proclamation 1943/1, which created twelve ''taklai ghizat''s from the existing 42 provinces of varying sizes. A comparison of the two maps in Margary Perham, ''The Government of Ethiopia'' shows that Hararghe was created by combining the
Sultanate of Aussa
Sultanate of Aussa
, the lands of the Karanle, Ogaden, Issa, and Gadabursi with the 1935 provinces of Chercher and
Harar Harar ( amh, ሐረር; Gē "the City", om, Harar, ar, هرر) is a walled city in eastern Ethiopia. It is known in Arabic as the City of Wali, Saints ( ar, مدينة الأَوْلِيَاء). Harar is the capital of the East Hararghe Zone ...

Harar
. In 1960, the province south of the
Shebelle River The Shebelle River ( so, Webi Shabeelle, ar, نهر شبيلي, am, እደላ, it, Uebi Scebeli) begins in the highlands Highlands or uplands are any mountainous region or elevated mountainous plateau. Generally speaking, upland (or uplands) re ...

Shebelle River
was made into its own province,
Bale Bale may refer to: Packaging * Cotton Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus '' Gossypium'' in the mallow family Malvaceae. The fiber is almo ...
. With the adoption of the new constitution in 1995, Hararghe was divided between the
Oromia The Oromia Region ( om, Oromiyaa) is a Regions of Ethiopia, regional state in Ethiopia, the homeland of the Oromo people. The capital city of the State of Oromia is Addis Ababa also known as Finfinne. Currently the state consists of List of dist ...
, Harari, Afar and
Somali Region The Somali Regional State ( so, Dawlad Deegaanka Soomaalida, am, የሶማሌ ክልል, ar, المنطقة الصومالية), also known as Soomaali Galbeed (''Somali West'') is the largest and easternmost of the ten regions (''Kililoj'') ...

Somali Region
s, forming a large part of the latter.


See also

*
History of Ethiopia The article covers the prehistory Prehistory, also known as pre-literary history, is the period of human history between the use of the first stone tools by hominins 3.3 million years ago and the invention of writing systems. The use of sym ...


References

{{Ethiopia-hist-stub Provinces of Ethiopia States and territories disestablished in 1995