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Halle (Saale), or simply Halle (; from the 15th to the 17th century: ''Hall in Sachsen''; until the beginning of the 20th century: ''Halle an der Saale'' ; from 1965 to 1995: ''Halle/Saale'') is the largest city of the
German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of Germany, see also German nationality law * German language The German la ...

German
state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in Columbia, South Carolina, Un ...

state
of
Saxony-Anhalt Saxony-Anhalt (german: Sachsen-Anhalt ; nds, Sassen-Anholt) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper) ...

Saxony-Anhalt
, the fifth most populous city in the area of former
East Germany East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; german: Deutsche Demokratische Republik, , DDR, ), was a state that existed from 1949 to 1990 in eastern Eastern may refer to: Transportation *China Eastern Airlines, a current ...
after ( East)
Berlin Berlin (; ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,769,495 inhabitants, as of 31 December 2019 makes it the List of cities in the European Union by ...

Berlin
,
Leipzig Leipzig (, ; Upper Saxon: ) is the most populous city in the Germany, German States of Germany, state of Saxony. With a population of 605,407 inhabitants as of 2021 (1.1 million residents in the larger urban zone), it surpasses the Saxon c ...

Leipzig
,
Dresden Dresden (, ; wen, label=Sorbian languages, Upper and Lower Sorbian, Drježdźany) is the capital city of the Germany, German States of Germany, state of Saxony and its second most populous city, after Leipzig. It is the List of cities in German ...

Dresden
and
Chemnitz Chemnitz (; cs, Saská Kamenice; from 1953 to 1990: ''Karl-Marx-Stadt'' ) is the third largest city in the German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people ...

Chemnitz
, as well as the 31st largest city of Germany, and with around 239,000 inhabitants, it is slightly more populous than the state capital of
Magdeburg Magdeburg (; nds, label=Low German, Low Saxon, Meideborg ) is the capital and second-largest city of the Germany, German States of Germany, state of Saxony-Anhalt, after Halle (Saale). It is situated on the Elbe River. Otto I, Holy Roman Emp ...

Magdeburg
. Together with Leipzig, the largest city of
Saxony Saxony (german: Sachsen ; Upper Saxon Upper Saxon (german: Obersächsisch, ; ) is an East Central German East Central German (german: Ostmitteldeutsch) is the eastern, non-Franconian languages, Franconian Central German language, part o ...

Saxony
, Halle forms the polycentric Leipzig-Halle conurbation. Between the two cities, in
Schkeuditz Schkeuditz () is a Große Kreisstadt in the district of Nordsachsen Nordsachsen ("North Saxony") is a district ('' Kreis'') in the Free State of Saxony Saxony (german: Sachsen ; hsb, Sakska), officially the Free State of Saxony (German: , ...
, lies Leipzig/Halle International Airport. The Leipzig-Halle conurbation is at the heart of the larger
Central German Metropolitan Region The Central German Metropolitan Region (german: Metropolregion Mitteldeutschland) is one of the officially established metropolitan regions in Germany. It is centered on the major cities of Leipzig Leipzig (, also , ; Upper Saxon: ) is the mos ...
. Halle lies in the south of Saxony-Anhalt, in the
Leipzig Bay The Leipzig BayDickinson (1964), p. 29.North German Plain 250px, Morning fog in East Frisia. The North German Plain or Northern Lowland (german: Norddeutsches Tiefland) is one of the major geographical regions of Germany. It is the German part of the North European Plain. The region is bounded by the co ...
, on the River Saale (a tributary of the
Elbe The Elbe (, ; cs, Labe ; nds, Ilv or ''Elv''; Upper and dsb, Łobjo), historically in English also Elve, is one of the major river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake o ...

Elbe
), which is the third longest river flowing entirely in Germany after the
Weser The Weser () is a river of Lower Saxony in north-west Germany. It begins at Hann. Münden, Hannoversch Münden through the confluence of the Werra and Fulda (river), Fulda. It passes through the Hanseatic League, Hanseatic city of Bremen. Its m ...
and the
Main Main may refer to: Geography *Main River (disambiguation)Main River, more commonly simply ''Main'', is a river in Germany. Main River may also refer to: *Main River (Chukotka), a river in Far Eastern Siberia *Main River (Newfoundland), a river ...
. The
White Elster The White Elster
Accessed on 16 Jan 2011. (, ) is a long river in central Europe, right tributary of the Saale. Its s ...
flows into the Saale in the southern borough of Silberhöhe. Halle is the fourth largest city in the
Thuringian Thuringian is an East Central German dialect group spoken in much of the modern German Free State of Thuringia north of the Rennsteig ridge, southwestern Saxony-Anhalt and adjacent territories of Hesse Hesse (, , ) or Hessia (, ; german: Hess ...
-
Upper Saxon Upper Saxon (german: Obersächsisch, ; ) is an East Central German East Central German (german: Ostmitteldeutsch) is the eastern, non-Franconian languages, Franconian Central German language, part of High German languages, High German. Present ...
dialect area after Leipzig, Dresden and Chemnitz. Halle is an economic and educational center in central-eastern Germany. The
Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg (german: Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg), also referred to as MLU, is a public, research Research is "creativity, creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of ...
, with campuses in Halle and
Wittenberg Wittenberg ( , ; Low Saxon Low Saxon or Lower Saxon may refer to: Geography *Lower Saxony Lower Saxony (german: Niedersachsen ; nds, Neddersassen; stq, Läichsaksen) is a German state (''Land'') situated in Northern Germany, northwestern ...
, is the largest university in Saxony-Anhalt, one of the oldest universities in Germany, and a nurturing ground for the local startup ecosystem. The university hospital of Halle (''Universitätsklinikum Halle (Saale)'') is the largest hospital in the state.


Geography

Halle (Saale) is located in the southern part of
Saxony-Anhalt Saxony-Anhalt (german: Sachsen-Anhalt ; nds, Sassen-Anholt) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper) ...

Saxony-Anhalt
in central
Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin Berlin (; ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,769,495 inh ...

Germany
, along the river
Saale The Saale (), also known as the Saxon Saale (german: Sächsische Saale) and Thuringian Saale (german: Thüringische Saale), is a river in Germany Germany (german: Deutschland, ), officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in . It ...

Saale
which drains the surrounding plains and the greater part of the neighbouring
Free State of Thuringia Thuringia (; german: Thüringen ), officially the Free State of Thuringia ( ), is a state of Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin , coordinates = , largest_city = capital , languages_ty ...
just to its south, and the Thuringian basin, northwards from the
Thuringian Forest The Thuringian Forest (''Thüringer Wald'' in German language, German), is a mountain range in the southern parts of the Germany, German state of Thuringia, running northwest to southeast. Skirting from its southerly source in foothills to a gorg ...
.
Leipzig Leipzig (, ; Upper Saxon: ) is the most populous city in the Germany, German States of Germany, state of Saxony. With a population of 605,407 inhabitants as of 2021 (1.1 million residents in the larger urban zone), it surpasses the Saxon c ...

Leipzig
, one of Germany's major cities, is only away.


History


Name

Halle's early history is connected with the harvesting of salt. The name of the river
Saale The Saale (), also known as the Saxon Saale (german: Sächsische Saale) and Thuringian Saale (german: Thüringische Saale), is a river in Germany Germany (german: Deutschland, ), officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in . It ...

Saale
contains the
Germanic Germanic may refer to: * Germanic peoples, an ethno-linguistic group identified by their use of the Germanic languages ** List of ancient Germanic peoples and tribes * Germanic languages :* Proto-Germanic language, a reconstructed proto-language of ...
root for salt, and salt-harvesting has taken place in Halle since at least the
Bronze Age The Bronze Age is a prehistoric Periodization, period that was characterized by the use of bronze, in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization. The Bronze Age is the second principal period of the Three-age sys ...
(2300–600 BC). From 1965 to 1995, the official name was Halle/Saale.


Middle Ages until industrialisation

The earliest documented mention of Halle dates from AD 806. It became a part of the
Archbishopric of Magdeburg The Archbishopric of Magdeburg was a Roman Catholic Church, Roman Catholic archdiocese (969–1552) and Prince-Bishopric, Prince-Archbishopric (1180–1680) of the Holy Roman Empire centered on the city of Magdeburg on the Elbe River. Planned sinc ...
in the 10th century and remained so until 1680, when the
Margraviate of Brandenburg The Margraviate of Brandenburg (german: link=no, Markgrafschaft Brandenburg) was a major principality A principality (or sometimes princedom) can either be a monarchical A monarchy is a form of government A government ...
annexed it together with
Magdeburg Magdeburg (; nds, label=Low German, Low Saxon, Meideborg ) is the capital and second-largest city of the Germany, German States of Germany, state of Saxony-Anhalt, after Halle (Saale). It is situated on the Elbe River. Otto I, Holy Roman Emp ...

Magdeburg
as the
Duchy of Magdeburg The Duchy of Magdeburg (german: Herzogtum Magdeburg) was a province of Margraviate of Brandenburg from 1680 to 1701 and a province of the German Kingdom of Prussia The Kingdom of Prussia (german: Königreich Preußen) was a German Monarchy, k ...
, while it was an important location for
Martin Luther Martin Luther (; ; 10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citiz ...

Martin Luther
's
Reformation The Reformation (alternatively named the Protestant Reformation or the European Reformation) was a major movement within Western Christianity in Vatican City Vatican City (), officially the Vatican City State ( it, Stato della Cit ...

Reformation
in the 16th century. Cardinal
Albert of Mainz Cardinal Albert of Brandenburg (german: Albrecht von Brandenburg; 28 June 149024 September 1545) was Prince-elector, Elector and Archbishop of Mainz from 1514 to 1545, and Archbishop of Magdeburg from 1513 to 1545. Biography Early career Born ...
(
Archbishop of Magdeburg The Archbishopric of Magdeburg was a Roman Catholic Roman or Romans most often refers to: *Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune ...
from 1513 to 1545) also impacted on the town in this period. According to historic documents, the city of Halle became a member of the
Hanseatic League The Hanseatic League (; gml, Hanse, , ; german: label=Modern German New High German (NHG) is the term used for the most recent period in the history of the German language German (: , ) is a mainly spoken in . It is the most widely ...
at least as early as 1281. Halle became a center for
Pietism Pietism (), also known as Pietistic Lutheranism, is a movement within Lutheranism Lutheranism is one of the largest branches of that identifies with the teachings of and was founded by , a 16th-century German monk and whose efforts to ref ...
, a movement encouraged by King
Frederick William I of Prussia Frederick William I (german: Friedrich Wilhelm I.; 14 August 1688 – 31 May 1740), known as the "Soldier King" (german: Soldatenkönig), was the king in Prussia and elector of Brandenburg from 1713 until his death in 1740, as well as prince of N ...
(reigned 1713–1740) because it caused the area's large
Lutheran Lutheranism is one of the largest branches of Protestantism that identifies with the teachings of Jesus Christ and was founded by Martin Luther, a 16th-century German monk and Protestant Reformers, reformer whose efforts to reform the theology ...
population to be more inclined to Fredrick William I's religion (
Calvinism Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity, Reformed Protestantism, or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism Protestantism is a form of Christianity that originated with the 16th-century Refor ...
), as well as more loyal to the Prussian king instead of to the decentralized feudal system. By the 1740s Halle had established many orphanages as well as schools for the wealthy in the sober style Pietism encouraged. This Halle education was the first time the "modern education" system was established. The Halle Pietists also combatted poverty. During the
War of the Fourth Coalition The Fourth Coalition fought against Napoleon Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader. He rose to prominence during the French Revolution The French Revolution ( ) refers t ...
, French and Prussian forces clashed in the
Battle of Halle In the Battle of Halle on 17 October 1806 a French corps led by Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte fought the Kingdom of Prussia, Prussian Reserve under Eugene Frederick Henry, Duke of Württemberg. The French defeated their opponents, forcing the Prussian ...
on 17 October 1806. The fighting moved from the covered bridges on the city's west side, through the streets and market place, to the eastern suburbs. In 1815 Halle became part of the
Prussian Prussia, , Old Prussian: ''Prūsa'' or ''Prūsija'' was a historically prominent Germans, German state that originated in 1525 with Duchy of Prussia, a duchy centered on the Prussia (region), region of Prussia on the southeast coast of the Balt ...
Province of Saxony The Province of Saxony (german: Provinz Sachsen), also known as Prussian Saxony () was a provinces of Prussia, province of the Kingdom of Prussia and later the Free State of Prussia from 1816 until 1944. Its capital was Magdeburg. It was formed ...
.


World War II (1939–1945)

During
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
, KZ-Außenlager Birkhahn, a subcamp of
Buchenwald Buchenwald (; literally 'beech forest Beech Forest is a town in Victoria (Australia), Victoria, Australia. The area of Beech Forest is largely used for potato farming. The town was named after the many Nothofagus cunninghamii, myrtle beech ...
was in Halle, where prisoners from Poland, Czechoslovakia, the
Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a that spanned during its existence from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a of multiple national ; in practice and were highly until its final years. The ...
, France, Netherlands and other nations were forced to work in the
Siebel Siebel was a German aircraft manufacturer An aircraft is a vehicle that is able to fly by gaining support from the air. It counters the force of gravity by using either static lift or by using the dynamic lift of an airfoil, or in a fe ...
aircraft plants, making combat aircraft. The plant was later dismantled. In Ammendorf, a large factory owned by produced
mustard gas Mustard gas or sulfur mustard is a chemical compound belonging to the sulfur-based family of Cytotoxicity, cytotoxic and blister agent Chemical weapon, chemical warfare agents known as sulfur-mustards or mustard agents. The name ''mustard gas'' is ...
. Near the end of World War II, there were two bombing raids carried out against the town: the first on 31 March 1945, the second a few days later. The first attack took place between the railway station and the city's centre, and the second bombing was in the southern district. It killed over 1,000 inhabitants and destroyed 3,600 buildings. Among them, the Market Church, St. George Church, the Old Town Hall, the municipal theatre, historic buildings on Bruederstrasse and on Grosse Steinstrasse, and the city cemetery. On 17 April 1945, American soldiers occupied Halle, and the Red Tower was set on fire by artillery and destroyed. The Market Church and the Church of St. George received more hits. However, the city was spared further damage because an aerial bombardment was canceled, after former naval officer
Felix von Luckner during which he captured 14 enemy ships Felix Nikolaus Alexander Georg Graf von Luckner (9 June 1881, Dresden – 13 April 1966, Malmö), sometimes called Count Luckner in English, was a German nobleman, naval officer, author, and sailor who earn ...
negotiated the city's surrender to the American army. In July, the Americans withdrew and the city was occupied by the
Red Army The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army,) frequently shortened to Red Army, was the army and air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR or RSFSR; rus, links= ...
.


German Democratic Republic (1949–1990)

After World War II, Halle served as the capital of the short-lived administrative region of Saxony-Anhalt until 1952, when the
East German East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; german: Deutsche Demokratische Republik, , DDR, ), was a state that existed from 1949 to 1990 in New states of Germany, eastern Germany as part of the Eastern Bloc in the Cold War. C ...
government abolished its "Länder" (states). As a part of
East Germany East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; german: Deutsche Demokratische Republik, , DDR, ), was a state that existed from 1949 to 1990 in eastern Eastern may refer to: Transportation *China Eastern Airlines, a current ...
(until 1990), it functioned as the capital of the administrative district (''Bezirk'') of Halle.


Since German unity (after 1990)

When
Saxony-Anhalt Saxony-Anhalt (german: Sachsen-Anhalt ; nds, Sassen-Anholt) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper) ...

Saxony-Anhalt
was re-established as a '' Bundesland'' in 1990,
Magdeburg Magdeburg (; nds, label=Low German, Low Saxon, Meideborg ) is the capital and second-largest city of the Germany, German States of Germany, state of Saxony-Anhalt, after Halle (Saale). It is situated on the Elbe River. Otto I, Holy Roman Emp ...

Magdeburg
, not Halle, became the capital.


Synagogue attack

On 9 October 2019, two people were killed in a terrorist attack. The suspect tried but failed to enter a synagogue in which a service was being held for
Yom Kippur Yom Kippur (; he, יוֹם כִּיפּוּר, Yōm Kīpūr, , ; plural , ) is the holiest day of the year in Judaism Judaism is an Abrahamic The Abrahamic religions, also referred to collectively as the world of Abrahamism and Semi ...
. He killed a pedestrian directly outside the synagogue and a man in a nearby Turkish kebab shop. The office of the mayor of Halle declared an "amok situation" and informed the local community to stay at home via the German emergency alert system. Police arrested one suspect in nearby Landsberg. The
Federal Prosecutor United States attorneys represent the United States federal government in United States district courts and United States court of appeals, United States courts of appeals. The prosecution is the legal party responsible for presenting the cas ...
(Generalbundesanwalt) classified the attack as an act of
right-wing terrorism Right-wing terrorism, hard right terrorism, extreme right terrorism or far-right terrorism is terrorism Terrorism is, in the broadest sense, the use of intentional violence to achieve political aims. It is used in this regard primarily to re ...
stemming from
antisemitism Antisemitism (also spelled anti-semitism or anti-Semitism) is hostility to, prejudice, or discrimination against Jews. A person who holds such positions is called an antisemite. Antisemitism is generally considered to be a form of racism. A ...
. As a result, security measures at Jewish facilities were increased.


Population

Population of foreign residents:


Sights

*
Halloren Chocolate Factory The Halloren Chocolate Factory (german: Halloren Schokoladenfabrik) is the oldest German chocolate factory. The first mention of the firm dates back to 1804. The firm was founded in Halle, Saxony-Anhalt Halle (Saale), or simply Halle (; from t ...
and visitors' centre, Germany's oldest chocolate factory still in use. *
Giebichenstein Castle Giebichenstein Castle (german: Burg Giebichenstein) is a castle in Halle (Saale) Halle (Saale), or simply Halle (; from the 15th to the 17th century: ''Hall in Sachsen''; until the beginning of the 20th century: ''Halle an der Saale'' ; from 19 ...
, first mentioned in 961, is north of the city centre on a hill above the Saale river, with a museum in the upper castle and the Burg Giebichenstein University of Art and Design in the lower castle. * Moritzburg, a newer castle, was built between 1484 and 1503. It was the residence of the Archbishops of Magdeburg, was destroyed in the
Thirty Years' War The Thirty Years' War was a conflict fought largely within the Holy Roman Empire The Holy Roman Empire ( la, Sacrum Romanum Imperium; german: Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic complex of territories in Western Europe, Weste ...
, and was a ruin for centuries afterward. Partially reconstructed in 1901–1913, it is an art gallery today. The reconstruction was completed with the opening of new exhibition rooms designed by the Spanish architects Sobejano and Nieto in 2010. *''Neue Residenz'' (New Residence), an early Renaissance palace (1531–1537) *Market square with ** Market Church of St. Mary (Marktkirche), built in 1529–1554, using elements of two medieval churches, St. Gertrude's Church dating back to the 11th century and the older St. Mary's Church from the 12th century. The church has four steeples, the two western octagonal ones are called Blue Towers because of their dark blue slate roofing. The other two ''Hausmannstürme'' are connected by a bridge and on this bridge was the city's fire watch. The church owns the original death-mask of
Martin Luther Martin Luther (; ; 10 November 1483 – 18 February 1546) was a German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citiz ...

Martin Luther
. The Marktkirche's four towers is a landmark symbol of the city. **''Roter Turm'' (Red Tower), originally built as
campanile A bell tower is a tower that contains one or more bells, or that is designed to hold bells even if it has none. Such a tower commonly serves as part of a church (building), church, and will contain church bells, but there are also many secular be ...

campanile
of the older St. Mary's Church between 1418 and 1503, a landmark of Halle, with the steeples of St. Mary's Church forms the five towers marking the city's skyline. **''Roland'', originally (13th century) a wooden sculpture representing urban liberty (after an uprising in the city, a cage was placed around it between 1481 and 1513, a reminder of the restrictions). Today's sculpture is a sandstone replica made in 1719. **''Marktschlösschen'', late Renaissance building, gallery and tourist information office **Monument to
George Frideric Handel George Frideric (or Frederick) Handel (; baptised , ; 23 February 1685 – 14 April 1759) was a German-British Baroque The Baroque (, ; ) is a of , , , , and other arts that flourished in Europe from the early 17th century until the 1740 ...
, 1859 by Hermann Heidel **''Ratshof'' (Council's Yard), built in 1928/29 as a backyard building of the Old Town Hall (demolished in 1948/50 after the destruction of World War II, so the ''Ratshof'' is situated today directly on the market square). **''Stadthaus'', Renaissance-Revival building of 1891–1894 **''Yellow line'', which runs over the market square, marking a geological fault line, the ''Hallische Verwerfung''. *
Handel House Handel House (German: ''Händel-Haus'') is a cultural site in Halle in Saxony-Anhalt Saxony-Anhalt (german: Sachsen-Anhalt (; Low German , , (in a stricter sense) nl, Nedersaksisch da, Plattysk, , , (rarely) , states = Norther ...
, first mentioned in 1558, birthplace of George Frideric Handel, a museum since 1948 *
Wilhelm Friedemann Bach House The Wilhelm Friedemann Bach House is a cultural site in Halle (Saale), Halle in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. The composer Wilhelm Friedemann Bach (1710–1784), eldest son of Johann Sebastian Bach, lived here during part of his career; the building now h ...
, home of composer Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, now a museum *Old Market square with Donkey's Fountain (1906/13), referring to a local legend *Remains of the town fortifications: the Leipzig Tower (''Leipziger Turm'') (15th century) in the east and remains of the town wall to the south of the city centre. *Sculpture dedicated to
Lenin Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov. ( 1870 – 21 January 1924), better known by his alias Lenin,. was a Russian revolutionary, politician, and political theorist. He served as the first and founding Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of th ...

Lenin
in the Pestalozzi Park. *Francke Foundations, Baroque buildings (including Europe's largest surviving half-timbered building) and historical collections *''Stadtgottesacker'', a Renaissance cemetery, laid out in 1557, in the style of an Italian ''camposanto'' * ''Saline'' Museum is dedicated to Halle's salt-works and the corporation of salt workers ''(Halloren)'' *Cathedral ''(Dom)'', a steepleless building, was originally a church within a
Dominican Dominican may refer to: * Someone or something from or related to the Dominican Republic The Dominican Republic ( ; es, República Dominicana, ) is a country located on the island of Hispaniola in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the C ...
monastery (1271), converted into a cathedral by cardinal Albert of Hohenzollern. Since 1688, it has been the church of the Reformed parish. *Saint Maurice Church, late Gothic building (1388–1511) *Saint Ulrich Church, late Gothic church of the Servite Order (15th century), today used as a concert hall *Church of the former village of Böllberg (Romanesque, with late Gothic painted wooden ceiling) *Numerous bourgeois town houses, including the ''Ackerbürgerhof'' (15th – 18th centuries with remains from the 12th century),
Christian Wolff
Christian Wolff
’s House (today City Museum), Graseweg House (half-timbered building) * State Museum of Prehistory where the
Nebra sky disk The Nebra sky disc (Himmelsscheibe von Nebra in German) is a bronze disc of around diameter and a weight of , having a blue-green patina and inlaid with gold symbols. These symbols are interpreted generally as the Sun or full moon, a lunar cresc ...

Nebra sky disk
is exhibited *''Volkspark'' (1906/07), former meeting house of the Social Democrats *Theatres: **''
Halle Opera House The Halle Opera House () is an opera house in Halle, Saxony-Anhalt. Originally named the Halle Town Theatre (), the theatre was built in 1886. A bomb attack on 31 March 1945 destroyed much of the original building. Restorative work ensued a few ye ...
'' **''Neues Theater'' **''Puppentheather'' **''Thalia Theater'', the only theatre for children in
Saxony-Anhalt Saxony-Anhalt (german: Sachsen-Anhalt ; nds, Sassen-Anholt) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper) ...

Saxony-Anhalt
**''Steintor Bühne'' *Parks and gardens: **''Botanical Garden'' of the Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg, founded in 1698 in the former gardens of the Archbishops of Magdeburg, belonging to the
Garden Dreams is a one-shot (comics), one-shot Japanese manga written and illustrated by Fumi Yoshinaga. The manga is serialised in Shinshokan's ''Wings (manga magazine), Wings''. Shinshokan released the manga on September 1999. It is licensed and published ...
project **''Reichardts Garten'' is a historic park, part of the Garden Dreams project. Laid out in 1794 by
Johann Friedrich Reichardt Johann Friedrich Reichardt (25 November 1752 – 27 June 1814) was a German composer, writer and music critic. Early life Reichardt was born in Königsberg Königsberg (, , ) was the name for the historic Prussian city that is now Kaliningr ...

Johann Friedrich Reichardt
(1752–1814) as an English garden, becoming the "accommodation of Romanticism". It changed ownership several times and the city of Halle bought the park in 1903 to give the public wider access. **''Peißnitz Island'' **''Pestalozzi Park'' **Zoological Garden ''(Bergzoo)'', situated on the ''Reilsberg'' hill. *''Galgenberge'', location of the gallows from the 14th to the end of the 18th century *''Klausberge'', porphyry hill, named after a chapel of the St. Nicholas' brotherhood, panoramic view over the Saale Valley,
Eichendorff
Eichendorff
's bench *''Dölauer Heide'' forest, including ''Bischofs Wiese'' with 35 graves dating back to about 2500–2000 BC, the
Neolithic The Neolithic period is the final division of the Stone Age The Stone Age was a broad prehistoric Prehistory, also known as pre-literary history, is the period of human history Human history, also known as world history, is t ...
period *Racecourse in the Passendorf Meadows *''
Halle-Neustadt Halle-Neustadt (; popularly known as ''HaNeu'' , like Hanoi , population_total = 8,053,663 ( 2nd) , population_as_of = 2019 , population_demonym = Hanoian , population_density_km2 = auto , ...
'', to the west of Halle, built beginning 1964 (foundation stone ceremony 15 July 1964) as a socialist model city. Still has several monuments from the GDR, as a giant mural dedicated to
Lenin Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov. ( 1870 – 21 January 1924), better known by his alias Lenin,. was a Russian revolutionary, politician, and political theorist. He served as the first and founding Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars of th ...

Lenin
.


Image gallery

File:Marktplatz Halle 2010.jpg, Market square File:Stadthaus-Halle.jpg, Stadthaus File:Vor dem Eingangsbereich - Stadtcenter Rolltreppe - Ladengeschäfte im Stadtzentrum von Halle Saale - panoramio.jpg, Old town File:Paulusviertel Pauluskirche.jpg, View over Paulusviertel File:Giebichenstein4.jpg,
Giebichenstein Castle Giebichenstein Castle (german: Burg Giebichenstein) is a castle in Halle (Saale) Halle (Saale), or simply Halle (; from the 15th to the 17th century: ''Hall in Sachsen''; until the beginning of the 20th century: ''Halle an der Saale'' ; from 19 ...
from Kröllwitz File:Moritzburg-neu.jpg,
Moritzburg (Halle) The Moritzburg is a fortified castle in Halle (Saale), Germany. The cornerstone of what would later become the residence of the Archbishops of Magdeburg was laid in 1484; the castle was built in the Renaissance architecture, style of the Earl ...
File:Landesmuseums für Vorgeschichte Sachsen-Anhalt in Halle - Außenansicht.jpg,
Halle State Museum of Prehistory The State Museum of Prehistory (''Landesmuseum für Vorgeschichte'') in Halle (Saale) is the archaeological museum of the German state of Saxony-Anhalt. Founded in Naumburg (Saale), Naumburg in 1819, it was moved to Halle in 1825, and within Ha ...
File:Joliot-Curie-Platz - panoramio (3).jpg,
Halle Opera House The Halle Opera House () is an opera house in Halle, Saxony-Anhalt. Originally named the Halle Town Theatre (), the theatre was built in 1886. A bomb attack on 31 March 1945 destroyed much of the original building. Restorative work ensued a few ye ...
File:2014 04 Händelhaus.jpg,
Handel House Handel House (German: ''Händel-Haus'') is a cultural site in Halle in Saxony-Anhalt Saxony-Anhalt (german: Sachsen-Anhalt (; Low German , , (in a stricter sense) nl, Nedersaksisch da, Plattysk, , , (rarely) , states = Norther ...
File:Neue Klausbrücke, im Hintergrund die 5 Türme - panoramio.jpg,
Wilhelm Friedemann Bach House The Wilhelm Friedemann Bach House is a cultural site in Halle (Saale), Halle in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. The composer Wilhelm Friedemann Bach (1710–1784), eldest son of Johann Sebastian Bach, lived here during part of his career; the building now h ...
to the left File:2007-05 Halle (Saale) 02.jpg,
Halloren Chocolate Factory The Halloren Chocolate Factory (german: Halloren Schokoladenfabrik) is the oldest German chocolate factory. The first mention of the firm dates back to 1804. The firm was founded in Halle, Saxony-Anhalt Halle (Saale), or simply Halle (; from t ...
File:ZooBlick.JPG, View to Reilberg of Zoo Halle File:Hochstraße Halle.jpg, View to
Halle-Neustadt Halle-Neustadt (; popularly known as ''HaNeu'' , like Hanoi , population_total = 8,053,663 ( 2nd) , population_as_of = 2019 , population_demonym = Hanoian , population_density_km2 = auto , ...
File:Halle (Saale), Blick auf Kröllwitz.jpg, View over Kröllwitz


Industrial heritage

Salt, also known as ''white gold'', was extracted from four "Borns" (well-like structures). The four Borns/brine named Gutjahrbrunnen, Meteritzbrunnen, Deutscher Born and Hackeborn, were located around the Hallmarket (or "Under Market"), now a market square with a fountain, just across from the TV station, MDR. The
brine Brine is a high-concentration solution of salt (NaCl) in water (H2O). In different contexts, ''brine'' may refer to salt solutions ranging from about 3.5% (a typical concentration of seawater, on the lower end of solutions used for brining food ...

brine
was highly concentrated and boiled in ''Koten'', simple structured houses made from reed and clay. Salters, who wore a unique uniform with eighteen silver buttons, were known as ''Halloren'', and this name was later used for the chocolates in the shape of these buttons. The Halloren-Werke, the oldest chocolate factory in
Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin Berlin (; ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,769,495 inh ...

Germany
, was founded in 1804. Old documents are on display and a chocolate room can be visited. Within
East Germany East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; german: Deutsche Demokratische Republik, , DDR, ), was a state that existed from 1949 to 1990 in eastern Eastern may refer to: Transportation *China Eastern Airlines, a current ...
, Halle's chemical industry, now mainly shut down, was of great importance. The two main companies in the region were Buna-Werke and
Leuna Leuna is a town in Saxony-Anhalt, eastern Germany, south of Merseburg and Halle, Saxony-Anhalt, Halle, on the Saale river. The town is known for the ''Leuna works, Leunawerke'', at 13 km2 one of the biggest chemical industrial complexes in G ...
, and
Halle-Neustadt Halle-Neustadt (; popularly known as ''HaNeu'' , like Hanoi , population_total = 8,053,663 ( 2nd) , population_as_of = 2019 , population_demonym = Hanoian , population_density_km2 = auto , ...
was built in the 1960s to accommodate the employees of these two factories.


Science and culture

Baroque The Baroque (, ; ) is a style Style is a manner of doing or presenting things and may refer to: * Architectural style, the features that make a building or structure historically identifiable * Design, the process of creating something * Fashi ...

Baroque
composer
Georg Friedrich Händel George Frideric (or Frederick) Handel (; baptised , ; 23 February 1685 – 14 April 1759) was a German-British Baroque music, Baroque composer well known for his opera#Baroque era, operas, oratorios, anthems, concerto grosso, concerti grossi, ...

Georg Friedrich Händel
(later ''George Frideric Handel'') was born in Halle in 1685 and spent the first 17 years of his life in the city. The house where he lived is now a museum about his life. To celebrate his music, Halle has staged a Handel Festival since 1922, annually in June since 1952. The
''Franckesche Stiftungen''
''Franckesche Stiftungen''
(Francke Foundations) are home to the ', which was founded before the year 1116 and is one of the oldest boys' choirs in the world. The
University of Halle Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg (german: Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg), also referred to as MLU, is a public, research Research is "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge" ...
was founded here in 1694. It is now combined with the
University of Wittenberg Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg (german: Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg), also referred to as MLU, is a public, research Research is "creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of knowledge" ...
and called the ''
Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg (german: Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg), also referred to as MLU, is a public, research Research is "creativity, creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of ...
''. The university's medical school was established by
Friedrich Hoffmann
Friedrich Hoffmann
. Its
botanical garden A botanical garden or botanic gardenThe terms ''botanic'' and ''botanical'' and ''garden'' or ''gardens'' are used more-or-less interchangeably, although the word ''botanic'' is generally reserved for the earlier, more traditional gardens. is ...

botanical garden
, the Botanische Garten der Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg, dates back to 1698. Halle's
German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina The German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina (german: Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina – Nationale Akademie der Wissenschaften), short Leopoldina, is the national academy of Germany, and is located in Halle (Saale). Founded ...
is the oldest and one of the most respected scientific societies in
Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin Berlin (; ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,769,495 inh ...

Germany
. Halle is also home to Germany's oldest Protestant church library, known as the , with 27,000 titles. The seat of the
Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology The Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology ( German: ''Max-Planck-Institut für ethnologische Forschung'') is a scientific research institute founded in 1999 in Halle, Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px ...
, one of the world's largest social anthropological research institutions and a part of the
Max Planck Society The Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science (german: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e. V.; abbreviated MPG) is a formally independent non-governmental and non-profit association of German German(s) may refer to ...
, is in Halle. Halle was a centre of German
Pietism Pietism (), also known as Pietistic Lutheranism, is a movement within Lutheranism Lutheranism is one of the largest branches of that identifies with the teachings of and was founded by , a 16th-century German monk and whose efforts to ref ...
and played an important role in establishing the
Lutheran Lutheranism is one of the largest branches of Protestantism that identifies with the teachings of Jesus Christ and was founded by Martin Luther, a 16th-century German monk and Protestant Reformers, reformer whose efforts to reform the theology ...
church in North America, when
Henry Muhlenberg Henry Melchior Muhlenberg (an anglicanization of Heinrich Melchior Mühlenberg) (September 6, 1711 – October 7, 1787), was a German Lutheran Lutheranism is one of the largest branches of Protestantism that identifies with the teachings of ...

Henry Muhlenberg
and others were sent as missionaries to
Pennsylvania Pennsylvania ( , elsewhere ; pdc, Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a landlocked A landlocked country is a country that does not have territory connected to an ocean or whose coastlines lie on endorheic basi ...

Pennsylvania
in the mid-18th century. Muhlenberg is now called the first Patriarch of the Lutheran Church in America. He and his son,
Frederick Muhlenberg Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg (; January 1, 1750 – June 4, 1801) was an American minister and politician A politician is a person active in party politics Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with m ...

Frederick Muhlenberg
, who was the first
Speaker of the United States House of Representatives The speaker of the United States House of Representatives, commonly known as the speaker of the House, is the presiding officerIn a general sense, presiding officer is synonymous with chairperson. Politics *Presiding Officer of the National A ...
, were graduates of Halle University. The Silver Treasure of the ''Halloren'' is displayed occasionally at the Technical Museum Saline. It is a unique collection of silver and gold goblets dating back to 1266. The ancient craft of "Schausieden" (boiling of the brine) can be observed there too. The State Museum of Prehistory houses the
Nebra sky disk The Nebra sky disc (Himmelsscheibe von Nebra in German) is a bronze disc of around diameter and a weight of , having a blue-green patina and inlaid with gold symbols. These symbols are interpreted generally as the Sun or full moon, a lunar cresc ...

Nebra sky disk
, a significant (though unproven) Bronze-Age find with astrological significance. Halle Zoo contributes to the EAZA breeding programme, in particular for the Angolan lion and the Malaysian tiger. Halle is also known for its thriving
coypu The nutria (''Myocastor coypus''), also known as the coypu, is a large, herbivore, herbivorous, list of semiaquatic tetrapods, semiaquatic rodent. Classified for a long time as the only member of the family Myocastoridae, ''Myocastor'' is now in ...
(or nutria) population, which is native to
South America South America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven geographical regions are commonly regarded as continent ...

South America
. With writers such as
Heine
Heine
,
Eichendorff
Eichendorff
,
Schleiermacher Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher (; November 21, 1768 – February 12, 1834) was a German Reformed theologian, philosopher A philosopher is someone who practices philosophy. The term ''philosopher'' comes from the grc, φιλό ...
,
TieckTieck may refer to: *Christian Friedrich Tieck (1776–1851), German sculptor *Dorothea Tieck (1799–1841), German translator *Ludwig Tieck (1773–1853), German poet **8056 Tieck, asteroid named after Ludwig Tieck **Schlegel-Tieck Prize, literary a ...

Tieck
and
Novalis Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg (2 May 1772 – 25 March 1801), better known by his pen name Novalis (), was an 18th-century German aristocrat, poet, author, mystic A mystic is a person who practices mysticism, or a reference to ...

Novalis
the town was a vibrant scene of the
German Romanticism German Romanticism () was the dominant intellectual movement of German-speaking countries in the late 18th and early 19th centuries, influencing philosophy, aesthetics, literature and criticism. Compared to English Romanticism, the German variet ...
. Also
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of G ...

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
was a regular guest at the house of his close friend
Johann Friedrich Reichardt Johann Friedrich Reichardt (25 November 1752 – 27 June 1814) was a German composer, writer and music critic. Early life Reichardt was born in Königsberg Königsberg (, , ) was the name for the historic Prussian city that is now Kaliningr ...

Johann Friedrich Reichardt
. German-American
expressionist Expressionism is a modernist , Solomon Guggenheim Museum 1946–1959 Modernism is both a philosophy, philosophical movement and an art movement that arose from broad transformations in Western world, Western society during the late 19th and ...
painter
Lyonel Feininger Lyonel Charles Feininger (July 17, 1871January 13, 1956) was a German-American painter, and a leading exponent of Expressionism Expressionism is a modernist , Solomon Guggenheim Museum 1946–1959 Modernism is both a philosophy, philosoph ...
worked in Halle on an invitation by the city from 1929 to 1931. As one of eleven views of the city termed ''Halle Cycle'', he painted in 1931 ''Die Türme über der Stadt'' (The towers above the city), which is now in the
Museum Ludwig Museum Ludwig, located in Cologne, Germany, houses a collection of modern art. It includes works from Pop Art, Abstract art, Abstract and Surrealism, and has one of the largest Pablo Picasso, Picasso collections in Europe. It holds many works b ...

Museum Ludwig
in Cologne. This painting appeared on a 55
eurocent
eurocent
stamp on 5 December 2002 as a part of the series “Deutsche Malerei des 20. Jahrhunderts” (German painting of the 20th century). File:Halleuniplatz.JPG,
Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg (german: Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg), also referred to as MLU, is a public, research Research is "creativity, creative and systematic work undertaken to increase the stock of ...
File:Halle (Saale) University Library Building (Feb-2006).jpg, University and State Library File:Kunst-Campus der Burg Giebichenstein Kunsthochschule Halle.jpg, Burg Giebichenstein University of Art and Design File:Leopoldina Halle (Saale) Draufsicht.jpg,
German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina The German National Academy of Sciences Leopoldina (german: Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina – Nationale Akademie der Wissenschaften), short Leopoldina, is the national academy of Germany, and is located in Halle (Saale). Founded ...
File:Franckesche Stiftungen Innenhof 2015.jpg,
Francke Foundations The Francke Foundations (Franckesche Stiftungen), also known as Glauchasche Anstalten were founded in 1695 in Halle (Saale), Halle, Germany as a Christian, social and educational work by August Hermann Francke The Francke Foundations are today a ...
File:Hochhäuser Weinberg Campus.jpg, Weinberg Campus Technology Park File:Laternenfest 1.jpg, The Laternenfestival at Peißnitzisland


Transport history

Ludwig Wucherer
Ludwig Wucherer
made Halle an important rail hub in central Germany. In 1840 he opened the Magdeburg-Halle-Leipzig line, completing a connection between
Magdeburg Magdeburg (; nds, label=Low German, Low Saxon, Meideborg ) is the capital and second-largest city of the Germany, German States of Germany, state of Saxony-Anhalt, after Halle (Saale). It is situated on the Elbe River. Otto I, Holy Roman Emp ...

Magdeburg
and
Dresden Dresden (, ; wen, label=Sorbian languages, Upper and Lower Sorbian, Drježdźany) is the capital city of the Germany, German States of Germany, state of Saxony and its second most populous city, after Leipzig. It is the List of cities in German ...

Dresden
. In 1841–1860, other lines to
Erfurt Erfurt ( , ; ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller ...
,
Kassel Kassel (; in Germany, spelled Cassel until 1926) is a city on the Fulda River in northern Hesse, Germany. It is the administrative seat of the Regierungsbezirk Kassel (region), Kassel and the Districts of Germany, district Kassel (district), of th ...
and Anhalt Railway, Berlin followed. The centrepiece of Halle's urban public transport system is the Trams in Halle (Saale), Halle (Saale) tramway network. It includes the world's first major electric-powered inner-city tram line, which was opened in 1891. Halle (Saale) Hauptbahnhof is the main railway station. Halle's prominence as a railway centre grew with the arrival of the Erfurt-Leipzig/Halle high-speed railway. Leipzig is also connected to this route, but since it is a terminus station (though the Leipzig City Tunnel is currently under construction, the route will be shared with S-Bahn trains, making it unlikely that it will be used as a through station for Berlin-Munich trains), Halle is more likely to be used as an intermediate stop for Berlin-Munich trains. The completion of the Nuremberg–Erfurt high-speed railway also provided a further impetus to use the route. Leipzig/Halle Airport (opened in 1927) is an international airport located in Schkeuditz, Saxony, and serves both Leipzig, Saxony, and Halle, Saxony-Anhalt. it is Germany's 11th largest airport by passengers, handling more than 2.57 million mainly with flights to European leisure destinations. In terms of cargo traffic, the airport is the fifth-busiest in Europe and the second-busiest in Germany after Frankfurt Airport. File:Hbf Halle (Saale).jpg, Halle (Saale) Hauptbahnhof, the main railway station File:Schkopau Strassenbahn.jpg, Trams in Halle (Saale), Tram in Halle File:Leipzig-Halle Airport Check-in.jpg, Leipzig/Halle Airport


Sports

The football team ''Hallescher FC Wacker 1900'' had some regional importance before World War II. In the German Championship ''Wacker'' reached the semi-finals in 1921, and the quarter-finals in 1928. The successor team became East German champions in 1949 and 1952 under the names of ''ZSG Union'' and ''BSG Turbine Halle''. From these evolved today's ''Turbine Halle'' and ''Hallescher FC''. In the era of the German Democratic Republic, the latter club (as ''Chemie Halle'' ) was a mainstay in the first division and won the Cup tournament in 1956 and 1962. The most prominent player was 72-times international Bernd Bransch, who was with ''Chemie'' in the 1960s and 1970s. These days, ''Hallescher FC'' usually plays in the third division. The general sports club ', originating from ''Chemie Halle'', created a notable number of Olympic gold medallists and world champions, mainly in nautical and watersports, e.g., swimmer Kornelia Ender won four Olympic gold medals in 1976 and Andreas Hajek won four rowing world championships between 1998 and 2001. The basketball team of the club – these days known as ''Lions'' and focusing on the woman's team which plays in the national first division – won five men's and 10 women's championships of the German Democratic Republic. The Hallesher FC's location is extremely close to a train station.


Notable people


A–K

*Martha, (1578–1612) in Halle/Saale, Queen of Halle (1597–1612) *Bernd Baselt (1934–1993), university professor whose published catalogue led to the modern day opus designator (Händel-Werke-Verzeichnis, HWV) which is now commonly used when referring to the works of
George Frideric Handel George Frideric (or Frederick) Handel (; baptised , ; 23 February 1685 – 14 April 1759) was a German-British Baroque The Baroque (, ; ) is a of , , , , and other arts that flourished in Europe from the early 17th century until the 1740 ...
. *Oswald Boelcke (1891–1916), World War I German flying ace, born near Halle *Ursula Brömme (1931–2001), operatic soprano *Thuon Burtevitz (b. 1973), composer *Georg Cantor (1845–1918), mathematician and professor at the university of Halle *Waldemar Cierpinski, East German athlete and two times Olympic Champion, lives in Halle *Susanne Daubner (b. 1962), German news and television presenter *Walter Eisfeld (1905–1940), Nazi SS concentration camp commandant *Dorothea Christiane Erxleben of Quedlinburg (1715–1762) received her Doctor of Medicine degree in 1754 from the Medical Department of Martin Luther University (MLU) *Gerhard Feige, (b. 1951), bishop of Magdeburg *
Lyonel Feininger Lyonel Charles Feininger (July 17, 1871January 13, 1956) was a German-American painter, and a leading exponent of Expressionism Expressionism is a modernist , Solomon Guggenheim Museum 1946–1959 Modernism is both a philosophy, philosoph ...
(1871–1956), painter who created several famous images in Halle, including Der Dom in Halle. *August Hermann Francke (1663–1727), Lutheran Pietist theologian at the University of Halle and founder of the Halle Orphan House complex *Hans-Dietrich Genscher (1927–2016), former Vice Chancellor and longest serving Foreign Minister of Germany, was born in Reideburg, which belongs to Halle today *Moritz Goetze (b. 1964), pop-artist, painter, sculptor, born and lives in Halle * Paul Götze (1903–1948), Nazi SS officer at Auschwitz and Buchenwald concentration camps executed for war crimes *Siegwart Horst Günther (1925–2015), 'father of the anti-uranium-weapons movement in Germany', born in Halle *
Georg Friedrich Händel George Frideric (or Frederick) Handel (; baptised , ; 23 February 1685 – 14 April 1759) was a German-British Baroque music, Baroque composer well known for his opera#Baroque era, operas, oratorios, anthems, concerto grosso, concerti grossi, ...

Georg Friedrich Händel
(1685–1759),
Baroque The Baroque (, ; ) is a style Style is a manner of doing or presenting things and may refer to: * Architectural style, the features that make a building or structure historically identifiable * Design, the process of creating something * Fashi ...

Baroque
composer, born and raised in Halle *Johannes Hassebroek (1910–1977), Nazi SS commandant of Gross-Rosen concentration camp was born in the city *Carola Helbing-Erben, textile artist *Yoan Pablo Hernández, Cruiserweight (boxing), Cruiserweight boxing champion (immigrated from Cuba) *Johann Georg Ludwig Hesekiel (1819–1874), journalist *Reinhard Heydrich (1904–1942), one of the leading Nazi Germany, Nazis in
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
and main architects of the Holocaust *Nickel Hoffmann, mastermason, worked over 30 years in Halle, including the Market Church and the Composanto *Friedrich Ludwig Jahn (1778–1852), theology student of University Halle 1796–1800, went into hiding and used a porphyry cave along the river Saale at the Klausberge, this cave later was known as the "Jahn-Höhle" (Cave) * Thomas Kesselhut (1991–), successful Twitch (service), Twitch streamer known for Hearts of Iron IV was born and raised in Halle * Christian Knaut, (1656–1716), doctor, botanist and librarian *Manfred Kuschmann, East German athlete and European Athletics Championship, European Champion of 1974 lived in Halle


L–Z

*August Lafontaine (1758–1831), a writer of sentimental novels hugely popular in their time, died in Halle *Blessed Carl Lampert, priest, beheaded by Nazis in World War II at Halle * Marita Lange (b. 1943), athlete *Georg Listing (b. 1987), bassist from the
Magdeburg Magdeburg (; nds, label=Low German, Low Saxon, Meideborg ) is the capital and second-largest city of the Germany, German States of Germany, state of Saxony-Anhalt, after Halle (Saale). It is situated on the Elbe River. Otto I, Holy Roman Emp ...

Magdeburg
-based band, Tokio Hotel *Hans Litten (1903–1938), German lawyer who represented opponents of the Nazis at important political trials between 1929 and 1932 * Karl Freiherr von Müffling (1775–1851), Prussian general field marshall *
Frederick Muhlenberg Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg (; January 1, 1750 – June 4, 1801) was an American minister and politician A politician is a person active in party politics Politics (from , ) is the set of activities that are associated with m ...

Frederick Muhlenberg
(1750–1801), the first
Speaker of the United States House of Representatives The speaker of the United States House of Representatives, commonly known as the speaker of the House, is the presiding officerIn a general sense, presiding officer is synonymous with chairperson. Politics *Presiding Officer of the National A ...
, graduated at Halle University *George Müller (1805–1898), coordinator of orphanages in Bristol, England *Johann Friedrich Naue (1787–1858), classical composer *Kai Pflaume (b. 1967), German television presenter, born in Halle *Richard Raatzsch (b. 1957), philosopher and professor of practical philosophy *
Johann Friedrich Reichardt Johann Friedrich Reichardt (25 November 1752 – 27 June 1814) was a German composer, writer and music critic. Early life Reichardt was born in Königsberg Königsberg (, , ) was the name for the historic Prussian city that is now Kaliningr ...

Johann Friedrich Reichardt
(1752–1814), composer, writer and music critic, lived in Halle. He was a close friend of
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (28 August 1749 – 22 March 1832) was a German German(s) may refer to: Common uses * of or related to Germany * Germans, Germanic ethnic group, citizens of Germany or people of German ancestry * For citizens of G ...

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
. *Samuel Scheidt (1587–1654), early
Baroque The Baroque (, ; ) is a style Style is a manner of doing or presenting things and may refer to: * Architectural style, the features that make a building or structure historically identifiable * Design, the process of creating something * Fashi ...

Baroque
composer and organist was both born and spent the majority of his life and career in Halle. *Fabian von Schlabrendorff (1907–1980), lawyer, officer, judge and member of the German resistance. *Friedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher (1768–1834), university preacher and professor of theology to the University of Halle, where he remained until 1807. *Hellmut Schnackenburg (1902–1974), conductor *Albrecht Schröter (b. 1955), politician (SPD) and mayor of Jena *Ullrich Sierau (b. 1956), politician (SPD) and mayor of Dortmund *Leonhard Sohncke (1842–1897), in Munich, mathematician and professor of physics *Georg Wilhelm Steller (1709–1746), a botanist, zoologist, physician and explorer of Siberia, Kamchatka and Alaska. *Hans-Christian Ströbele (b. 1939), politician (Greens) and member of the Bundestag *Ľudovít Štúr (1815–1856), Slovak national leader, linguist and writer, studied at the University of Halle in 1838–1840. *Daniel Gottlob Türk (1756–1813), Classical music, classical composer, was born in Halle in 1750, and was a professor at the University of Halle. *Andreas Wank (b. 1988), German ski jumper, born in Halle. *Anja Daniela Wagner (b. 1969), operatic mezzo-soprano *
Ludwig Wucherer
Ludwig Wucherer
(1790–1861), elected councillor.


Twin towns – sister cities

Halle is Sister city, twinned with: * Oulu, Finland (1968) * Linz, Austria (1975) * Grenoble, France (1976) * Ufa, Russia (1977) * Karlsruhe, Germany (1987) * Jiaxing, China (2009) * Savannah, Georgia, Savannah, United States (2011) * Gyumri, Armenia (2020)


Friendly cities

Halle also has friendly relations with: * Coimbra, Portugal (1976) * Hildesheim, Germany (1990)


Around Halle


Nearby towns

Halle (Saale) and Leipzig are the two centres of the
Central German Metropolitan Region The Central German Metropolitan Region (german: Metropolregion Mitteldeutschland) is one of the officially established metropolitan regions in Germany. It is centered on the major cities of Leipzig Leipzig (, also , ; Upper Saxon: ) is the mos ...
with more than 2.4 million people. File:Leipzig Fockeberg Zentrum.jpg,
Leipzig Leipzig (, ; Upper Saxon: ) is the most populous city in the Germany, German States of Germany, state of Saxony. With a population of 605,407 inhabitants as of 2021 (1.1 million residents in the larger urban zone), it surpasses the Saxon c ...

Leipzig
, Germany's eight largest city File:Merseburger Schloss 2006.jpg, Merseburg borders Halle File:Wittenberg,Luthers Hochzeit.jpg,
Wittenberg Wittenberg ( , ; Low Saxon Low Saxon or Lower Saxon may refer to: Geography *Lower Saxony Lower Saxony (german: Niedersachsen ; nds, Neddersassen; stq, Läichsaksen) is a German state (''Land'') situated in Northern Germany, northwestern ...
File:Lutherstadt_Eisleben_Markt.jpg, Eisleben


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* {{Authority control Halle (Saale), Cities in Saxony-Anhalt Province of Saxony Bezirk Halle Members of the Hanseatic League