Greek Americans ( el|Ελληνοαμερικανοί, ''Ellinoamerikanoí'' , ''Ellinoamerikánoi'' ) are Americans of full or partial Greek ancestry. The lowest estimate is that 1.2 million Americans are of Greek descent while the highest estimate suggests over 3 million. 350,000 people older than five spoke Greek at home in 2010. Greek Americans have the highest concentrations in the New York City, Boston, and Chicago regions, but have settled in major metropolitan areas across the United States. In 2000, Tarpon Springs, Florida, was home to the highest per capita representation of Greek Americans in the country (25%). The United States is home to the largest Greek community outside of Greece, ahead of Australia, Cyprus, Albania, Canada, Germany, and the United Kingdom.


Early history

The first Greek known to have been to what is now the United States was Don Doroteo Teodoro, a sailor who landed in Boca Ciega Bay at the Jungle Prada site in present-day St. Petersburg, FL with the Narváez expedition in 1528. He was instrumental in building the rafts that the expedition survivors built and sailed from present-day St. Mark's River in Florida until they were shipwrecked near Galveston Island, Texas. Teodoro had been captured by natives as they sailed along the Gulf coast shoreline toward the west, and was never seen again. In 1592, Greek captain Juan de Fuca (Ioannis Fokas or Apostolos Valerianos) sailed up the Pacific coast under the Spanish flag, in search of the fabled Northwest Passage between the Pacific and the Atlantic. He reported discovering a body of water, a strait which today bears his name: the Strait of Juan de Fuca, which today forms part of the Canada–United States border. About 500 Greeks from Smyrna, Crete, and Mani settled in New Smyrna Beach, Florida in 1768. The colony was unsuccessful, and the settlers moved to St. Augustine in 1776. The St Photios Greek Chapel exists as a remnant of their presence, having been built atop the site of the Avero House, itself believed to be the first site of Greek Orthodox worship in the US.

19th century

Early records show Andrea Dimitry (Andrea Drussakis Dimetrios Apolocorum) settled in New Orleans around 1799. He participated in the war of 1812. He married and established a small community in New Orleans. His son was United States ambassador to Costa Rica Alexander Dimitry. Another Greek refugee named George Marshall also came to the United States around this period. He was born in Rhodes in 1782. Marshall joined the United States Navy in 1809 and he wrote ''Marshall's Practical Marine Gunnery''. Marshall had a successful naval career and became master gunner. His son George J Marshall also served in the navy. His son-in-law was George Sirian. Due to problems with straight of Gibraltar, America was desperate for trade with Europe. Pirates ransomed Americans which led to two Barbary wars. America eventually formed the Mediterranean Squadron. Many American ships traveled to the Ottoman Empire namely Ayvalik. The Greek War of Independence began in 1821 and lasted until 1830. Americans established missionaries in Greece. The missionaries included Jonas King. Prominent American abolitionists Samuel Gridley Howe and Jonathan Peckham Miller participated in the Greek War. Jonathan Peckham Miller adopted Greek orphan Lucas M. Miller. Samuel Gridley Howe also collected a number of refugees and brought them back to Boston. Some of the refugees he brought included John Celivergos Zachos and author Christophorus Plato Castanis. New England and Boston became home to countless Greek refugees during the 1820s. Author Petros Mengous, Photius Fisk, Gregory Anthony Perdicaris, Evangelinos Apostolides Sophocles, George Colvocoresses, Garafilia Mohalbi and countless others. There was a large Greek presents at Mount Pleasant Classical Institute and other local universities. There were hundreds of Greek orphans that arrived in New England. Some drastically contributed to the United of America. The Greek Slave Movement was initiated by Boston abolitionists. The Greek Slave Movement started in the 1820s during the influx of young refugees to New England. The movement contributed to countless paintings, sculptures, poems, essays, and songs. The death of Greek slave Garafilia Mohalbi was a trigger for sympathy. She was featured in many poems and songs. The Greek Slave Movement was so popular in American media that sculptor Hiram Powers created The Greek Slave. The Greek Slave Movement was an abolitionist tool to abolish slavery in the United States. The theme eventually exploded here are some more examples: The Slave Market (Gérôme painting), The Slave Market (Boulanger painting), and the slave Market Otto Pilny. Some of the young Greek refugees became abolitionists. John Celiverigos Zachos became a prominent educator. He was also a woman's rights activist and abolitionist. Photius Fisk was another abolitionist who fought for the anti-slavery cause. Gregory Anthony Perdicaris was a wealthy millionaire who created the framework for gas and electric companies. George Colvocoresses was a Captain in the United States Navy. Colvos Passage is named after him. George Sirian was another seaman in the United States Navy. The George Sirian Meritorious Service Award is named after him. Harvard created an entire department for Evangelinos Apostolides Sophocles. Greek orphan Lucas Miltiades Miller became a U.S. Congressman. The Greek community also continued to flourish in New Orleans, Louisiana. By 1866, the community was numerous and prosperous enough to have a Greek consulate and the first official Greek Orthodox Church in the United States. During that period, most Greek immigrants to the New World came from Asia Minor and those Aegean Islands still under Ottoman rule. By 1890, there were almost 15,000 Greeks living in the U.S. Immigration picked up again in the 1890s and early 20th century, due largely to economic opportunity in the U.S., displacement caused by the hardships of Ottoman rule, the Balkan Wars, and World War I. Most of these immigrants had come from southern Greece, especially from the Peloponnesian provinces of Laconia and Arcadia. 450,000 Greeks arrived to the States between 1890 and 1917, most working in the cities of the northeastern United States; others labored on railroad construction and in mines of the western United States; another 70,000 arrived between 1918 and 1924. Each wave of immigration contributed to the growth of Hellenism in the U.S. Greek immigration at this time was over 90% male, contrasted with most other European immigration to the U.S., such as Italian and Irish immigration, which averaged 50% to 60% male. Many Greek immigrants expected to work and return to their homeland after earning capital and dowries for their families. However, the loss of their homeland due to the Greek Genocide and the 1923 population exchange between Greece and Turkey, which displaced 1,500,000 Greeks from Anatolia, Eastern Thrace, and Pontus caused the initial economic immigrants to reside permanently in America. The Greeks were de jure denaturalized from their homelands and lost the right to return, and their families were made refugees. Additionally, the first widely implemented U.S. immigration limits against non Western European immigrants were made in 1924, creating an impetus for immigrants to apply for citizenship, bring their families and permanently settle in the U.S. Fewer than 30,000 Greek immigrants arrived in the U.S. between 1925 and 1945, most of whom were "picture brides" for single Greek men and family members coming over to join relatives.

20th century

The events of the early 1920s also provided the stimulus for the first permanent national Greek American religious and civic organizations. Greeks again began to arrive in large numbers after 1945, fleeing the economic devastation caused by World War II and the Greek Civil War. From 1945 until 1982, approximately 211,000 Greeks emigrated to the United States. These later immigrants were less influenced by the powerful assimilation pressures of the 1920s and 1930s and revitalized Greek American identity, especially in areas such as Greek-language media. Greek immigrants founded more than 600 diners in the New York metropolitan area in the 1950s through the 1970s. Immigration to the United States from Greece peaked between the 1950s and 1970. After the 1981 admission of Greece to the European Union, annual U.S. immigration numbers fell to less than 2,000. In recent years, Greek immigration to the United States has been minimal; in fact, net migration has been towards Greece. Over 72,000 U.S. citizens currently live in Greece (1999); most of them are Greek Americans. The predominant religion among Greeks and Greek Americans is Greek Orthodox Christianity. There are also a number of Americans who descend from Greece's smaller Sephardic and Romaniote Jewish communities.

21st century

In the aftermath of the Greek financial crisis, there has been a resurgence of Greek emigration to New York City since 2010, accelerating in 2015, and centered upon the traditional Greek enclave of Astoria, Queens. According to ''The New York Times'', this new wave of Greek migration to New York is not being driven as much by opportunities in New York as it is by a lack of economic options in Greece itself.


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Population by state

Population by state according to the 2011-2015 American Community Survey. # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # – # –

Largest communities

Greek-American communities in the US according to the 5 Year Estimates of the (2016 American Community Survey): United States by Ancestry : 1,282,655
United States by Country of Birth : 135,743 Top CSA's by Ancestry: # New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA: 196,229 # Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MA-RI-NH CSA: 101,263 # Chicago-Naperville, IL-IN-WI CSA: 96,333 # Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA CSA: 56,566 # Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA CSA: 51,105 # San Jose-San Francisco-Oakland, CA CSA: 39,372 # Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA: 37,518 Top CSA's by Country of Birth: # New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA: 38,315 # Chicago-Naperville, IL-IN-WI CSA: 14,891 # Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MA-RI-NH CSA: 12,370 # Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA CSA: 6,308 # Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD CSA: 5,971 Top MSA's by Ancestry: # New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA: 169,341 # Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI: 94,796 # Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MA-RI-NH CSA: 67,382 # Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA: 42,552 # Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD: 31,612 # Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL: 24,173 Top MSA's by Country of Birth: # New York-Newark-Bridgeport, NY-NJ-CT-PA CSA: 34,373 # Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI: 14,705 # Boston-Worcester-Manchester, MA-RI-NH CSA: 8,923 # Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA: 5,404 # Philadelphia-Camden-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE-MD: 4,920 # Tampa-St. Petersburg-Clearwater, FL: 4,297 Top States by Ancestry: # New York: 146,526 # California: 135,321 # Illinois: 98,786 # Florida: 90,960 # Massachusetts: 82,363 # New Jersey: 64,347 # Pennsylvania: 61,361 Top States by Country of Birth: # New York: 30,077 # Illinois: 14,644 # California: 12,148 # Massachusetts: 11,032 # Florida: 10,629 # New Jersey: 9,617 # Pennsylvania: 6,158 # Connecticut: 4,564

Communities by percentage of people of Greek ancestry

The US communities with the highest percentage of people claiming Greek ancestry are: # Tarpon Springs, Florida 25.00% # Campbell, Ohio 9.30% # Lincolnwood, Illinois 7.60% # Plandome Manor, New York 7.50% # Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey 7.20% # Allenwood, New Jersey 6.60% # South Barrington, Illinois 6.00% # Palos Hills, Illinois 5.40% # Nahant, Massachusetts 5.30% # Alpine, New Jersey; Holiday, Florida; and Munsey Park, New York 5.20% # East Marion, New York 5.00% # Grosse Pointe Shores, Michigan and Grosse Pointe Township, Michigan; Palos Park, Illinois; and Upper Brookville, New York 4.90% # Harbor Isle, New York 4.70% # Lake Dalecarlia, Indiana 4.50% # Barnum Island, New York 4.40% # Peabody, Massachusetts 4.30% # Livingston Manor, New York and University Gardens, New York 4.20% # Oak Brook, Illinois 4.00% # Dracut, Massachusetts 3.90% # Harwood Heights, Illinois and Oyster Bay Cove, New York 3.80% # Fort Lee, New Jersey; Hiller, Pennsylvania; Ipswich, Massachusetts; Long Grove, Illinois; Oakhurst, New Jersey; and Yorkville, Ohio 3.70% # Broomall, Pennsylvania; Garden City South, New York; Norwood Park, Chicago, Illinois (neighborhood); and Plandome, New York 3.60% # Flower Hill, New York; Manhasset, New York; Monte Sereno, California; Norridge, Illinois; Palisades Park, New Jersey; Palos Township, IL; and Windham, New York 3.50% # Morton Grove, Illinois; Terryville, New York; and Wellington, Utah 3.40% # Banks Township, PA (Carbon County, PA); Harmony, Pennsylvania (Beaver County, PA); Plandome Heights, New York; and Watertown, Massachusetts 3.30% # Niles, Illinois and Niles Township, Illinois 3.20% # Groveland, Massachusetts 3.10% # Albertson, New York; Caroline, New York; Graeagle, California; Lynnfield, Massachusetts; Marple Township, Pennsylvania; and Stanhope, New Jersey 3.00% # Foster Township, Pennsylvania; Manhasset Hills, New York; West Falmouth, Massachusetts; Winfield, Indiana; and Worth Township, Indiana (Boone County, IN) 2.90%

Communities by percentage of those born in Greece

The U.S. communities with the largest percentage of residents born in Greece are:
# Horse Heaven, Washington 3.8% # Tarpon Springs, Florida 3.2% # Palos Hills, Illinois 3.1% # Harbor Isle, New York 3.1% # Campbell, Ohio 3.1% # Lincolnwood, Illinois 2.7% # Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey 2.5% # Bedford Park, Illinois 2.3% # Twin Lakes, Florida 2.3% # Holiday, Florida 2.1% # Great Neck Gardens, New York 2.1% # Norridge, Illinois 2.0% # Palos Park, Illinois 1.9% # Barnum Island, New York 1.9% # Munsey Park, New York 1.8% # Foxfield, Colorado 1.7% # Cedar Glen West, New Jersey 1.7% # Raynham Center, Massachusetts 1.6% # Broomall, Pennsylvania 1.6% # Flower Hill, New York 1.6% # Alpine, New Jersey 1.6% # Millbourne, Pennsylvania 1.6% # Niles, Illinois 1.6% # Grosse Pointe Shores, Michigan 1.6% # East Marion, New York 1.6% # West Falmouth, Massachusetts 1.6% # Golden Triangle, New Jersey 1.5% # Palisades Park, New Jersey 1.5% # Garden City South, New York 1.5% # Harwood Heights, Illinois 1.5% # Watertown, Massachusetts 1.5% # Morton Grove, Illinois 1.5% # East Ithaca, New York 1.4% # Fort Lee, New Jersey 1.4% # Saddle Rock, New York 1.4% # Oakhurst, New Jersey 1.4% # Plandome Manor, New York 1.3% # White Lake, North Carolina 1.3% # Old Brookville, New York 1.2% # Plandome Heights, New York 1.2% # South Barrington, Illinois 1.2% # North Lakeville, Massachusetts 1.2% # Terryville, New York 1.2% # Jefferson, West Virginia 1.2% # Ridgefield, New Jersey 1.2% # East Norwich, New York 1.2% # Skokie, Illinois 1.1% # Arlington Heights, Pennsylvania 1.1% # Pomona, New York 1.1% # Spring House, Pennsylvania 1.1% # Hickory Hills, Illinois 1.1% # Cliffside Park, New Jersey 1.1% # Friendship Village, Maryland 1.1% # Kingsville, Maryland 1.1% # Arlington, Massachusetts 1.1% # Mount Prospect, Illinois 1.1% # Midland Park, New Jersey 1.0% # Lake Dalecarlia, Indiana 1.0% # Pinedale, Wyoming 1.0% # Glenview, Illinois 1.0% # Dunn Loring, Virginia 1.0% # West Kennebunk, Maine 1.0% # Shokan, New York 1.0% # Beacon Square, Florida 1.0% # Peabody, Massachusetts 1.0% # Dedham, Massachusetts 1.0% # North Key Largo, Florida 1.0% # Hillside, New York 1.0% # Orland Park, Illinois 1.0% # Eddystone, Pennsylvania 1.0% # South Hempstead, New York 1.0% # Redington Beach, Florida 1.0% # Hillsmere Shores, Maryland 1.0%

Greek-born population

Greek-born population in the US since 2010:

Print media

The ''Atlantis'' (1894–1973) was the first successful Greek-language daily newspaper published in the United States.Judith Felste
"Atlantis, National Daily Newspaper 1894-1973"
''Atlantis, National Daily Newspaper 1894-1973'', The Research Library of the Balch Institute for Ethnic Studies, December 1982
The newspaper was founded in 1894 by Solon J. and Demetrius J. Vlasto, descendants of the Greek noble family, Vlasto.Magny, Claude Drigon. ''Livre D'or De La Noblesse Européenne'', Ed. 2. Paris: Aubry, 1856, pg. 441. The paper was headed by a member of the Vlasto family until it closed in 1973. Published in New York City, it had a national circulation and influence. ''Atlantis'' supported the royalist faction in Greek politics until the mid-1960s. ''Atlantis'' editorial themes included naturalization, war relief, Greek-American business interests, and Greek religious unity. , ''Ethnikos Kyrix'' ( el|Εθνικός Κήρυξ, 1915–) is the only Greek-language daily publication based in the United States. Headquartered in New York City, its articles focus on the Greek diaspora in the United States as well as current events in Greece and Cyprus. In contrast to its competitor ''Atlantis'', ''Ethnikos Kyrix'' historically supported liberal causes in Greece and America, including the progressive forces of Eleftherios Venizelos in Greece and the New Deal stateside.Northrup, Mary
"The Greek press in America"
Cobblestone, Dec 1996, Vol. 17 Issue 9, p. 17.
A companion weekly edition ''The National Herald'' (1997–) is in circulation and features similar content presented in English. The Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America publishes the monthly ''Orthodox Observer'' (1934–) in both Greek and English for news and information regarding the Greek Orthodox Church as a whole, as well as its American parishes.

In popular culture

* Greek American novelist Jeffrey Eugenides won the 2003 Pulitzer Prize for his novel ''Middlesex'', about a Greek American family in Detroit. * In 1967, Academy Award-winning film-director Elia Kazan published a novel, The Arrangement: A Novel, about a conflicted Greek American living a double life as an advertising executive and muckraking journalist. Kazan, who died in September 2003, was a Greek American. * The popular 1970s show ''Kojak'', featured Telly Savalas as Greek American police detective Theo Kojak, and his brother George as detective Stavros. Kojak was originally supposed to be Polish (hence the name), but this was changed to match Savalas' profile. * The 2002 comedy film ''My Big Fat Greek Wedding'' portrayed the love story of a Greek American woman (portrayed by Greek Canadian Nia Vardalos) and a non-Greek American man (specifically a White Anglo-Saxon Protestant). It also examines the protagonist's troubled love/hate relationship with her cultural heritage and value system. The movie spawned an unsuccessful TV series, ''My Big Fat Greek Life''. The sequel, ''My Big Fat Greek Wedding 2'', was released in March 2016. * ''The Famous Teddy Z'' was an acclaimed but short-lived TV series about a fictional talent agent named Teddy Zakalakis, portrayed by Jon Cryer. * The TV series ''Full House'' was about a family that included Greek American Uncle Jesse Katsopolis, portrayed by Greek American actor John Stamos. Jesse's surname was changed from Cochran to Katsopolis after the first season because Stamos wanted to portray his Greek American heritage. Jesse's Greek dad was also a recurring character. Stamos reprises the role of Jesse in the 2016 sequel sitcom, ''Fuller House''. * The Olympia Cafe was a recurring sketch in the early years of ''Saturday Night Live''. More recently, Tina Fey has often joked about her Greek heritage on the show. * Tom's Restaurant, a Greek American owned business, has become one of the symbols of urban New York life. * Elektra Natchios is a Marvel Comics superhero, portrayed by Jennifer Garner in the 2003 movie ''Daredevil'' and the 2005 movie ''Elektra''. Élodie Yung portrays the character in the second season of the Netflix series ''Marvel's Daredevil'', which debuted in 2016. * Several entertainers and other performing artists including Johnny Otis, Tina Fey, Kelly Clarkson, Alexander Frey, John Aniston, Jennifer Aniston, Melina Kanakaredes, Zach Galifianakis, Tommy Lee, Demetri Martin, Paul Cavonis, Criss Angel, Elias Koteas, Amy Sedaris, Andy Milonakis, Art Alexakis and Billy Zane are of Greek descent. * Writer, performer and radio-commentator David Sedaris satirizes growing up in a Greek American household in suburban North Carolina in several of his essays. * Athletes such as Pete Sampras, Harry Agganis, Chris Chelios, Dean Karnazes, Alex Karras, Alexi Lalas, Dave Batista, Greg Louganis, Nick Markakis, Kurt Rambis, Tom Pappas and Jim Londos are of Greek descent. *New Greek Television Inc., NGTV on Time Warner Cable a rebranding of the 25 year old Greek Television Channel of New York

Greek nationality

Any person who is ethnically Greek born outside of Greece may become a Greek citizen through naturalization by proving that a parent or grandparent was born as a national of Greece. The Greek ancestor's birth certificate and marriage certificate are required, along with the applicant's birth certificate and the birth certificates of all generations in between until the relation between the applicant and the person with Greek citizenship is proven.


There are hundreds of regional, religious and professional Greek American organizations. Some of the largest and most notable include: * The American Hellenic Educational Progressive Association (AHEPA) is the largest community organization of Greek Americans. It was founded in Atlanta, Georgia in 1922 to counter the anti-Greek attacks by the Ku Klux Klan during that time period. Its current membership exceeds 28,000. 385 active chapters are located in the United States with additional chapters in Canada, and Europe. AHEPA maintains a full-time staff at the AHEPA Global Headquarters located in Washington, DC www.ahepa.org * The Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America is the religious organization most closely associated with the Greek American community. It was established in 1921, and is under the leadership of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople. The church operates the Greek Orthodox Youth of America, the largest Orthodox Christian youth group in the United States. * The American Hellenic Institute, an advocacy group for Greek Americans, and its lobbying arm, the American Hellenic Institute Public Affairs Committee. * The Next Generation Initiative, a foundation that works with prominent Greek American leaders and executives to offer educational opportunities such as internships and master classes through a network of more than 5,500 Greek American students and 2,500 professors on 200+ college campuses. * The Council of Hellenes Abroad is a Greek government sponsored umbrella organization for Greek immigrant organizations worldwide. * Th
Hellenic Society Paideia
has been promoting Hellenism and Orthodoxy since 1977 by placing Greek and Byzantium classes in high schools and universities, offering study abroad programs to Greece year round, and with various building projects throughout the country. Anywhere from 200 to 500 students travel to Greece with Paideia per year. Information specifically for the study abroad programs can be found a
Currently "Paideia" is constructing a Classical Greek Amphitheater at the University of Connecticut and a Center for Hellenic Studies at the University of Rhode Island. * The National Hellenic Student Association (NHSA) is the independent network of the Hellenic Student Associations (HSAs) across the United States. By linking all the Greek, Greek-American and Cypriot students of the American educational institutions, the organization can promote ideas and projects and enrich the Hellenic spirit on campuses nationwide. * Many ''topika somatéa'' (local councils) or clubs representing the local regional homeland of Greeks in America. Among the scores of such clubs, larger "umbrella" organizations include the Pan Macedonian Association (one example is the Drosopigi Society, in Rochester, New York, hailing from the village of Drosopigi in Northern Greece outside of the city of Florina) the Panepirotic Federation, the Pan Cretan Association, the Pan-Icarian Brotherhood, the Pan Pontian Federation of U.S.A-Canada, the Chios Societies of America & Canada, the Cyprus Federation of America, the Pan-Laconian Federation of the USA & Canada, the Pan-Messinian Federation of the USA & Canada, the Pan-Arcadian Federation of America and several associations of refugees from areas in the former Ottoman territories. * The National Hellenic Museum in Greektown, Chicago

Notable people

See also

* Greeks in Omaha, Nebraska * Greeks * Greek diaspora * Diaspora politics in the United States * European Americans * Grecian Echoes * Greek Cypriots * Greek Festival * Greektown * Hyphenated American * Greek Canadians * Greek British * Greek Australians *Greek New Zealanders *Greek-American cuisine *Anti-Hellenism *Hellenophilia *List of Greek Americans


Further reading

* Callinicos, Constance. ''American Aphrodite: Becoming Female in Greek America'' (Pella, 1990). * Georgakas, Dan. ''My Detroit: Growing Up Greek and American in Motor City'' (Pella, 2006)." * Georgiou, Leonidas V.,
Conversations with F.D.R. at his AHEPA Initiation: Frigates, Battleships, Espionage and a Sentimental Bond with Greece,"
(Knollwood Press, 2019). Available through Abebooks.com. * Jurgens, Jane. "Greek Americans." ''Gale Encyclopedia of Multicultural America,'' edited by Thomas Riggs, (3rd ed., vol. 2, Gale, 2014), pp. 237–253
* Jusdanis, Gregory. "Greek Americans and the diaspora." ''Diaspora: a journal of transnational studies'' 1#2 (1991): 209–223
* Kunkelman, Gary. ''The Religion of Ethnicity: Belief and Belonging in a Greek-American Community'' (Garland, 1990). * Moskos, Peter C. ''Greek Americans: struggle and success'' (Routledge, 2017). * Orfanos, Spyros D. ''Reading Greek America: Studies in the Experience of Greeks in the United States'' (Pella, 2002). * Rouvelas, Marilyn. ''A Guide to Greek Traditions and Customs in America'' (Attica, 1993). * Scourby, Alice. "Three generations of Greek Americans: A study in ethnicity." ''International Migration Review'' 14.1 (1980): 43–52
* Schultz, Sandra L. "Adjusting Marriage Tradition: Greeks to Greek-Americans." ''Journal of Comparative Family Studies'' 12.2 (1981): 205–218.

External links

;Embassy and Consulates
;Charitable organizations *The Hellenic Initiative
AHEPA home page
- American Hellenic Educational Progressive Association
The Hellenic Society "Paideia"Greek America FoundationNational Hellenic SocietyOnassis Foundation (USA)Hellenic Times Scholarship Fund
; Libraries and museums
National Hellenic Museum Tsakopoulos Hellenic Collection at California State University, Sacramento
*The Museum of Greek Culture a
The New England Carousel Museum
constructed b
The Hellenic Society Paideia
housing a Macedonia exhibit. ;Trade organizations
Hellenic-American Chamber of CommerceGreek-American Chamber of Commerce
;Affiliate trade organizations
Hellenic Canadian Board of TradeHellenic Canadian Lawyers AssociationHellenic-Argentine Chamber of Industry and Commerce (C.I.C.H.A.)
Famous Greek-Americans
- A comprehensive list of famous Greeks and Greek Americans. {{Greek diaspora Category:Greek American| Category:European-American society Category:American people of Greek descent