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The great chamber was the second most important room in a
medieval In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection, the study, organization and presentation and the interpretation of past events and affairs of the people of Europe since the beginning of w ...

medieval
or
Tudor Tudor most commonly refers to: * House of Tudor, English royal house of Welsh origins ** Tudor period, a historical era in England coinciding with the rule of the Tudor dynasty Tudor may also refer to: Architecture * Tudor architecture, the fi ...
English castle, palace, mansion, or
manor house A manor house was historically the main residence of the lord of the manor. The house formed the administrative centre of a manor in the European feudal system; within its great hall were held the lord's manorial courts, communal meals wit ...
after the
great hall A great hall is the main room of a royal palace, nobleman's castle or a large manor house or hall house in the Middle Ages In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages or medieval period lasted from the 5th to the late 15th century. It ...

great hall
. Medieval great halls were the ceremonial centre of the household and were not private at all; the gentlemen attendants and the servants would come and go all the time. The great chamber was at the
dais A dais or daïs ( or , American English also but sometimes considered nonstandard)dais
in the Random House Dictionary
end of the hall, usually up a staircase. It was the first room which offered the lord of the household some privacy from his own staff, albeit not total privacy. In the Middle Ages the great chamber was an all-purpose reception and living room. The family might take some meals in it, though the great hall was the main eating room. In modest manor houses it sometimes also served as the main bedroom. By the seventeenth century communal meals in the hall had been abandoned and the great chamber was the best dining room. There was often a more modest room called the parlour, where the family took its meals when eating alone. Large houses gradually acquired a greater range of specialised living rooms, such as libraries,
drawing room; part of the Burrell Collection Image:Wfm burrell collection.jpg, The museum building housing the Burrell Collection, with the entrance wing in the background to the left, and the glazed restaurant on the right looking onto the lawn The Burrell Col ...
s, and music rooms. By the early 18th century, great chambers had been replaced by rooms called "saloons", and these soon lost their function as dining rooms. Many great chambers survive.
Hardwick Hall pavilions with Bess of Hardwick's initials "ES" (Elizabeth Shrewsbury) in openwork. Hardwick Hall in Derbyshire Derbyshire () is a county in the East Midlands of England. Much of the Peak District, Peak District National Park lies within ...

Hardwick Hall
has a very large and little-altered example from around 1600. In many other cases they were redecorated and given more specialised functions as drawing rooms or ballrooms or libraries. {{Room Architecture of the United Kingdom Rooms