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Great American Ball Park is a ball park in
Cincinnati Cincinnati ( ) is a city in the U.S. state In the , a state is a , of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a , each state holds al jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory where it shares its with the ...

Cincinnati
,
Ohio Ohio () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper in Co ...

Ohio
, which is the home field of
Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is played in baseball league, leag ...
's
Cincinnati Reds The Cincinnati Reds are an American professional baseball team based in Cincinnati. The Reds compete in Major League Baseball (MLB) as a member club of the National League (NL) National League Central, Central division, and were a charter membe ...

Cincinnati Reds
. It opened in 2003, replacing
Cinergy Field Riverfront Stadium, also known as Cinergy Field from 1996 to 2002, was a multi-purpose stadium in Cincinnati Cincinnati ( ) is a major city in the U.S. state of Ohio Ohio is a U.S. state, state in the Midwestern United States, Midwester ...
(formerly Riverfront Stadium), their home field from 1970 to 2002. The park's name comes from Great American Insurance Group. The ballpark hosted the
2015 Major League Baseball All-Star Game The 2015 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 86th edition of the Major League Baseball All-Star Game. The game was played at Great American Ball Park in Cincinnati, Ohio on Tuesday, July 14. It was televised nationally on Fox Major League ...
. The Reds put in $5 million for improvements, which included two new bars and upgraded concession stands.


History


Planning and funding

In 1996,
Hamilton CountyHamilton may refer to: * Alexander Hamilton (1755–1804), first American Secretary of the Treasury and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States **Hamilton (musical), ''Hamilton'' (musical), a 2015 Broadway musical written by Lin-Manuel Mira ...
voters passed a ½%
sales tax A sales tax is a tax A tax is a compulsory financial charge or some other type of levy imposed on a taxpayer (an individual or legal entity In law Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelate ...
increase to fund the construction of new venues for both the Reds and the
Cincinnati Bengals The Cincinnati Bengals are a professional American football American football, referred to simply as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectan ...

Cincinnati Bengals
of the
National Football League The National Football League (NFL) is a professional American football American football, referred to simply as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport A team sport includes any s ...
(NFL).Great American Ball Park
/ref> According to the lease agreement, The Reds owed $2.5 Million in rent annually for years 1–9 to Hamilton County, and owe $1 annually for years 10-35 of the contract. The Reds and the Bengals had previously shared occupancy of Riverfront Stadium, but by the mid-1990s, they complained that the
multi-purpose stadium A multi-purpose stadium is a type of stadium A stadium (plural stadiums or stadia) is a place or venue for (mostly) outdoor sports, concerts, or other events and consists of a field or stage either partly or completely surrounded by a tie ...
lacked amenities necessary for small-market professional sports teams to compete and each lobbied for venues of their own. Nearby
Paul Brown Stadium Paul Brown Stadium is an outdoor football Football is a family of s that involve, to varying degrees, a to score a . Unqualified, normally means the form of football that is the most popular where the word is used. Sports commonly call ...

Paul Brown Stadium
broke ground in 1998 and was opened on August 19, 2000.


Design and construction

Great American Ball Park was built by the
architectural Architecture (Latin ''architectura ''Architectura: Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Baukunst'' is a biannual peer-reviewed Peer review is the evaluation of work by one or more people with similar competencies as the producers of the wo ...

architectural
firms HOK Sport (now
Populous Populous or populus may refer to: *Populous (series), ''Populous'' (series), video game series **Populous (video game), ''Populous'' (video game), first video game of the series *Populous (company), an architectural firm *''Populus'', a genus of pla ...
) and GBBN at a cost of approximately US$290 million. It is located on the plot of land between the former site of Riverfront Stadium (currently,
The Banks The Banks is a mixed-use development and neighborhood A neighbourhood (British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect of the English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first sp ...
) and
Heritage Bank Center Heritage Bank Center is an indoor arena located in downtown Cincinnati, along the banks of the Ohio River, next to the Great American Ball Park. It was completed in September 1975 and named Riverfront Coliseum because of its placement next to Ri ...

Heritage Bank Center
(previously, U.S. Bank Arena, previously Riverfront Coliseum). The limited construction space necessitated the partial demolition of Cinergy Field. It was fully demolished on December 29, 2002. MSA Design has been the Official Architect of the Cincinnati Reds since 2009.


Features

The original address of Great American Ball Park was 100 Main Street. However, after the death of former
pitcher In baseball, the pitcher is the player who pitches the Baseball (ball), baseball from the pitcher's mound toward the catcher to begin each play, with the goal of out (baseball), retiring a batter (baseball), batter, who attempts to either make ...

pitcher
and longtime broadcaster
Joe Nuxhall Joseph Henry Nuxhall (; July 30, 1928 – November 15, 2007) was an American left-handed pitcher player Noah Syndergaard pitching for the New York Mets in 2015 In baseball, the pitcher is the player who throws the Baseball (ball), baseball ...
in 2007, the address was changed to 100 Joe Nuxhall Way. A sign bearing Nuxhall's traditional signoff phrase "rounding third and heading for home" is located on the
third base A third baseman, abbreviated 3B, is the player in baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a play ...
side exterior of the park. The
Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame and Museum The Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame and Museum is an entity established by Major League Baseball's Cincinnati Reds franchise that pays homage to the team's past through displays, photographs and multimedia. It was instituted in 1958 to recognize the c ...
is adjacent to Great American Ball Park. In honor of
Crosley Field Crosley Field was a Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization and the oldest major professional sports league in the world. , a total of 30 teams play in Major League Baseball—15 teams in ...
, the Cincinnati Reds' home park from 1912 to June 1970, a monument reminiscent of the park's infamous
left field Image:Baseball LF.svg, The position of the left fielder In baseball, a left fielder, abbreviated LF, is an outfielder who plays defense in left field. Left field is the area of the outfield to the left of a person standing at home plate and facing ...
terrace Terrace may refer to: Landforms and construction * Fluvial terrace, a natural, flat surface that borders and lies above the floodplain of a stream or river * Terrace, a street suffix * Terrace (earthworks), a leveled surface built into the landsc ...

terrace
was built on the main entrance plaza on Joe Nuxhall Way; statues of Crosley-era stars Nuxhall,
catcher Catcher is a position for a baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a player on the fielding te ...

catcher
Ernie Lombardi Ernesto Natali Lombardi (April 6, 1908 – September 26, 1977), was an American professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club sys ...
,
first base A first baseman, abbreviated 1B, is the player on a baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), batting and fielding. The game proceeds when a p ...
man
Ted Kluszewski Theodore Bernard Kluszewski (September 10, 1924 – March 29, 1988), also known as "Big Klu", was an American professional baseball player from 1947 through 1961 whose brute strength, mammoth home runs and cut-off jersey sleeves were all the rage i ...
, and
outfield The outfield, in cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicket at each end, each compri ...
er
Frank Robinson Frank Robinson (August 31, 1935 – February 7, 2019) was an American professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who ta ...

Frank Robinson
are depicted playing an imaginary baseball game. Pahigian, Josh, & O'Connell, Kevin. "The Ultimate Baseball Road Trip, 2nd: A Fan's Guide to Major League Stadiums". P. 201. Lyons Press, 2012. The Gap. A 35-foot-(10.7-m)-wide break in the stands between home plate and third base called "The Gap" is bridged by the concourse on each level (see photo). Aligned with Sycamore Street, it provides views into the stadium from downtown and out to the skyline from within the park. Power Stacks. In right center field, two smokestacks, reminiscent of the
steamboat A steamboat is a boat that is propelled primarily by steam power from Stott Park Bobbin Mill, Cumbria, England A steam engine is a heat engine In thermodynamics Thermodynamics is a branch of physics that deals with heat, Wo ...

steamboat
s that were common on the
Ohio River The Ohio River is a long river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases, a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course wi ...

Ohio River
in the 19th and early 20th centuries, flash lights, emit flames and launch fireworks to incite or respond to the home team's efforts. When the Reds strike out a batter, fire blows out of the stacks beginning with the 2012 season (previously, steam was spewed out following a strikeout). Fireworks are launched from the stacks after every Reds home run and win. The seven baseball bats featured on both smokestacks symbolize the #14 of
Pete Rose Peter Edward Rose Sr. (born April 14, 1941), also known by his nickname "Charlie Hustle", is an American former professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball game ...
. On May 15, 2015, a part of the top of the right smokestack caught on fire during the 6th inning of a Reds game, caused by a loose propane valve, causing smoke to be blown across the field, several sections of seats to be evacuated, and the
Cincinnati Fire Department The Cincinnati Fire Department provides fire protection and emergency medical services for Cincinnati, Ohio Ohio is a U.S. state, state in the Midwestern United States, Midwestern region of the United States. Of the List of states and terr ...
being called to put it out. No one was injured. The Spirit of Baseball. A 50-foot-by-20-foot (15 x 6 m) Indiana limestone
bas relief Relief is a sculptural technique where the sculpted elements remain attached to a solid background of the same material. The term ''wikt:relief, relief'' is from the Latin verb ''relevo'', to raise. To create a sculpture in relief is to give the ...
carving near the main entrance features a young baseball player looking up to the heroic figures of a batter, pitcher and fielder, all set against the background of many of Cincinnati's landmarks, including the riverfront and Union Terminal. Local designers and artist created the piece between 2001 and 2003 with concept, design and project oversight / management by Berberich Design. The illustrative artist was Mark Riedy, the sculptors of the scale model used for fabrication were Todd Myers and Paul Brooke with fabrication by Mees Distributors. The Mosaics. Just inside the main gates off the Crosley Terrace are two mosaic panels measuring wide by high. The mosaics depict two key eras in Reds history: "The First Nine", the 1869 Red Stockings who were the first professional baseball team in history with a record of 57–0 in their first season and "The Great Eight", the famous Big Red Machine that won back-to-back World Series in 1975 and 1976. The mosaics were created between 2001 and 2003 with concept, design and project oversight / management by Berberich Design. The illustrative artist was Mark Riedy. These mosaic panels are made of opaque glass tiles and were produced in Ravenna, Italy by SICIS. The Panoramas. Panoramas of
downtown Cincinnati Downtown Cincinnati is the central business district A central business district (CBD) is the commercial and business center of a city. It contains commercial space and offices. In larger cities, it is often synonymous with the city's "fi ...
, Mt. Adams, the
Ohio River The Ohio River is a long river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases, a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course wi ...

Ohio River
and
Northern Kentucky Northern Kentucky is the third-largest metropolitan area in the Commonwealth (U.S. state), U.S. Commonwealth of Kentucky after Louisville, Kentucky, Louisville and Lexington, Kentucky, Lexington, and its cities and towns serve as the de facto "so ...
are visible from most of the park. The Scoreboard. At wide, the scoreboard from
Daktronics Daktronics is an American company based in Brookings, South Dakota that designs, manufactures, sells, and services video displays, scoreboards, digital billboard (advertising), billboards, Variable-message sign, dynamic message signs, sound sy ...
is the sixth largest in
Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club system. It is played in baseball league, leag ...
, and the 15th largest in the United States out of all LED screens. The Reds paid $4 million to install a new, LED scoreboard and
HD video High-definition video (HD video) is video Video is an electronic Electronic may refer to: *Electronics Electronics comprises the physics, engineering, technology and applications that deal with the emission, flow and control of elec ...
screen in time for the 2009 season. The scoreboard did not add any size from the previous, but added HD quality. The scoreboard clock was originally a replica of the Longines clock at
Crosley Field Crosley Field was a Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization and the oldest major professional sports league in the world. , a total of 30 teams play in Major League Baseball—15 teams in ...
,Leventhal, Josh (2006). ''Take Me Out to the Ballpark''. P. 69. but has since been modified. The Toyota Tundra Home Run Deck. If a Reds player hits the "Hit Me" sign located between the Power Stacks located in right field, a randomly selected fan will win the red
Toyota Tundra The Toyota Tundra is a pickup truck manufactured in the United States by the Japanese manufacturer Toyota since May 1999. The Tundra was the second full-size pickup to be built by a Japanese manufacturer (the first was the Toyota T100), but the T ...

Toyota Tundra
pickup truck A pickup truck or pickup is a light-duty truck Light truck or light-duty truck is a US classification for truck mining truck A truck or lorry is a motor vehicle designed to transport cargo. Trucks vary greatly in size, power, and con ...

pickup truck
located on top of an
elevator An elevator (North American English North American English (NAmE, NAE) is the most generalized variety (linguistics), variety of the English language as spoken in the United States and Canada. Because of their related histories and ...

elevator
shaft approximately from home plate beyond the center field fence, which is valued at approximately US$31,000. Crosley Terrace. As a nod to
Crosley Field Crosley Field was a Major League Baseball Major League Baseball (MLB) is a professional baseball organization and the oldest major professional sports league in the world. , a total of 30 teams play in Major League Baseball—15 teams in ...
, the Reds' home from 1912 to 1970, a monument was created in front of the main entrance to highlight the park's famous left-field terrace. Bronze statues of Crosley-era stars
Joe Nuxhall Joseph Henry Nuxhall (; July 30, 1928 – November 15, 2007) was an American left-handed pitcher player Noah Syndergaard pitching for the New York Mets in 2015 In baseball, the pitcher is the player who throws the Baseball (ball), baseball ...
,
Ernie Lombardi Ernesto Natali Lombardi (April 6, 1908 – September 26, 1977), was an American professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball in which players are selected for their talents and are paid to play for a specific team or club sys ...
,
Ted Kluszewski Theodore Bernard Kluszewski (September 10, 1924 – March 29, 1988), also known as "Big Klu", was an American professional baseball player from 1947 through 1961 whose brute strength, mammoth home runs and cut-off jersey sleeves were all the rage i ...
, and
Frank Robinson Frank Robinson (August 31, 1935 – February 7, 2019) was an American professional baseball Professional baseball is organized baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who ta ...

Frank Robinson
(created by sculptor Tom Tsuchiya) are depicted playing in an imaginary ballgame. The grass area of the terrace has the same slope as the outfield terrace at Crosley Field. 4192 Mural. A three-piece mural on the back of the scoreboard in left field depicts the bat
Pete Rose Peter Edward Rose Sr. (born April 14, 1941), also known by his nickname "Charlie Hustle", is an American former professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball game ...
used for his record-breaking 4,192nd hit and the ball he hit in . This was replaced with new banners in 2015 as part of the All-Star Game upgrades. Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame and Museum. Located on the west side of Great American Ball Park on Main Street, the Hall of Fame and Museum celebrate the Reds' past through galleries and extensive use of multimedia. The Hall of Fame has been in existence since 1958, but did not previously have a building. Riverboat Deck. A private party area located above the
batter's eye, before the 2005–2006 remodeling, with juniper-filled Batter's Eye section visible. Image:Yankee stadium.jpg, 200px, The Yankee Stadium (1923), old Yankee Stadium with batter's eye visible on upper right above the Baseball field#outfield, center ...
. Center Field. The dimension of in center field is a tribute to the same center field dimension in the Reds' previous home,
Riverfront Stadium Riverfront Stadium, also known as Cinergy Field from 1996 to 2002, was a multi-purpose stadium in Cincinnati Cincinnati ( ) is a major city in the U.S. state of Ohio Ohio is a U.S. state, state in the Midwestern United States, Midwester ...
. Riverfront Club. A glass encased restaurant on the third level of the stadium that serves upscale food and has views of the field and the river. Rose Garden. Adjacent to both the stadium and the Reds Hall of Fame is a rose garden that symbolizes
Pete Rose Peter Edward Rose Sr. (born April 14, 1941), also known by his nickname "Charlie Hustle", is an American former professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball game ...
's record-breaking 4,192nd hit. It was strategically placed here because the ball landed around this area in Riverfront Stadium. The garden is visible from a stairwell in the hall of fame displaying the number of balls that Rose hit.


Screen renovations for the 2009 season

After the 2008 season, all of the scoreboards in the park were replaced by new
HD video High-definition video (HD video) is video Video is an electronic Electronic may refer to: *Electronics Electronics comprises the physics, engineering, technology and applications that deal with the emission, flow and control of elec ...
displays. The Reds signed a ten-year contract with the
Daktronics Daktronics is an American company based in Brookings, South Dakota that designs, manufactures, sells, and services video displays, scoreboards, digital billboard (advertising), billboards, Variable-message sign, dynamic message signs, sound sy ...
company of
Brookings, South Dakota Brookings is a city in Brookings County, South Dakota, Brookings County, South Dakota, United States. Brookings is the List of cities in South Dakota, fourth largest city in South Dakota, with a population of 22,056 at the 2010 United States Censu ...
, and also contracted with
Sony , commonly known as Sony and stylized as SONY, is a Japanese multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from mult ...

Sony
for the HD video cameras and production equipment, operated from a renovated control room. A team of 25 people are responsible for the content of the displays. The previous displays were installed by the Trans-Lux company when Great American Ball Park was built. However, Trans-Lux went bankrupt, and the team could not find replacement parts. "We were just limping through, hoping the old scoreboard would make it to the end of the 2008 season", said Reds spokesman Michael Anderson. Jennifer Berger, Reds senior director of entertainment, events and production said that the team would assume the responsibility of the cost of maintaining the displays; the fans would not have to bear the brunt of paying for them. The team expected to save money in the long term due to the displays' increased energy efficiency.


Fan amenities

Nursing Suite. For the 2015 season, Great American Ball Park became the first MLB ballpark to feature a suite designed exclusively as a place for mothers to feed and care for their babies. Reds COO Phil Castellini, a father of 5, says he felt compelled to do his best to provide a worthwhile solution after stadium officials told him an increasing number of women were asking where they could nurse their children at the ballpark. The suite has 5 glider chairs, diaper-changing stations, a restroom, a kitchenette, refrigerator, lockers, and televisions showing the game. It's located on the Suite Level near the Champions Club elevators.


Notable non-baseball events


Concerts


Other events

*On October 31, 2004, President
George W. Bush George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is an American politician and businessman who served as the 43rd president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the Un ...

George W. Bush
and
First Lady#REDIRECT First lady {{Rcat shell, {{R from move {{R from other capitalisation {{R unprintworthy ...
Laura Bush Laura Lane Welch Bush (''née'' Welch; born November 4, 1946) is an American teacher, librarian, memoirist and author who was the first lady of the United States from 2001 to 2009. Bush previously served as the List of First Ladies and Gentlem ...

Laura Bush
held a campaign rally in Great American Ball Park. *On April 27, 2008, a memorial service for Staff Sergeant was held at Great American Ball Park.


Milestones and notable moments


Opening day (March 31, 2003)


Other firsts


Attendance records

Bold indicates the winner of each game.


Statistics

* Ticket windows: 25 * Concourse widths: * Escalators: 3 * Passenger elevators: 14 * Public restrooms: 47 (20 women, 20 men, 7 family) * Concession stands: 28 * Parking spaces: 850 * Club seats: 4,235 * Suites: 63


References


Bibliography

* Leventhal, Josh, ''Take Me Out to the Ballpark: An Illustrated Tour of Baseball Parks Past and Present''. Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, 2006. * Stupp, Dann, ''Opening Day at Great American Ball Park''. Sports Publishing L.L.C., 2003.


External links


Stadium site on MLB.com

Cincinnati Reds Hall of Fame and Museum



Cincinnati Reds - Ballpark Tours

Great American Ballpark Photos

Great American Ball Park Seating Chart
{{Authority control Cincinnati Reds stadiums Sports venues in Cincinnati Major League Baseball venues Sports venues completed in 2003 Baseball venues in Ohio 2003 establishments in Ohio Populous (company) buildings Olympic stadiums