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The Grammy Award (stylized as GRAMMY, originally called Gramophone Award), or just Grammy, is an award presented by the US Recording Academy to recognize "Outstanding Achievement in the
music industry The music industry consists of the individuals and organizations that earn money by Musical composition, writing songs and musical compositions, creating and selling Sound recording and reproduction, recorded music and sheet music, presenting ...
" of the United States. The trophy depicts a
gilded Gilding is a decorative technique for applying a very thin coating of gold Gold is a chemical element Image:Simple Periodic Table Chart-blocks.svg, 400px, Periodic table, The periodic table of the chemical elements In chemistry, an ...
gramophone A phonograph, in its later forms also called a gramophone (as a trademark since 1887, as a generic name in the UK since 1910) or since the 1940s called a record player, is a device for the mechanical Sound recording and reproduction, recording ...

gramophone
. The Grammys are the first of the Big Three networks' major music awards held annually (before the ''Billboard'' Music Awards in Summer, and the
American Music Awards The American Music Awards (AMAs) is an annual American music awards show, generally held in the fall, created by Dick Clark Richard Augustus Wagstaff Clark Jr. (November 30, 1929 – April 18, 2012) was an American radio Radio is t ...
in Fall). The Grammy is considered one of the four major annual American entertainment awards, along with the
Academy Awards The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry The film industry or motion picture industry comprises the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking, i.e., ...

Academy Awards
(for film achievements), the
Emmy Award The Emmy Awards, or Emmys, are awards for artistic and technical merit in the television industry. It is considered one of the four major entertainment awards in the United States, the others being the Grammy The Grammy Award (stylized ...

Emmy Award
s (for television achievements), and the
Tony Award The Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Broadway Theatre, more commonly known as the Tony Award, recognizes excellence in live Broadway theatre Broadway theatre,Although ''theater'' is the generally preferred spelling in the United Sta ...
s (for theater and Broadway achievements). The annual award ceremony features performances by prominent artists and presentation of awards that showcase achievements made by industry recording artists. The first Grammy Awards ceremony was held on May 4, 1959, to honor the musical accomplishments of performers for the year 1958. After the 2011 ceremony,
the Academy An academy is an institution of secondary education or higher learning, research, or honorary membership. Academy may also refer to: Education * Academy (English school), formerly known as city academy, type of publicly financed but independently ...
overhauled many Grammy Award categories for 2012. The 63rd Annual Grammy Awards were held on March 14, 2021 (after it was postponed from its original January 31, 2021 date due to the
impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the music industry The COVID-19 pandemic The COVID-19 pandemic is an ongoing global pandemic A pandemic (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the H ...
), in and around the
Los Angeles Convention Center The Los Angeles Convention Center is a convention center in the southwest section of downtown Los Angeles. It hosts multiple annual conventions and has often been used as a filming location in TV shows and movies. History The convention center, ...

Los Angeles Convention Center
. The
64th Annual Grammy Awards The 64th Annual Grammy Awards ceremony will be held at the Crypto.com Arena in Los Angeles on January 31, 2022. It will recognize the best recordings, compositions, and artists of the eligibility year, running from September 1, 2020, to Septembe ...
will be held on January 31, 2022 at the Crypto.com Arena in Los Angeles.


History

The Grammys had their origin in the
Hollywood Walk of Fame The Hollywood Walk of Fame is a historic landmark which consists of more than 2,700 five-pointed terrazzo Terrazzo is a composite material, poured in place or precast, which is used for floor and wall treatments. It consists of chips of mar ...

Hollywood Walk of Fame
project in the 1950s. As recording executives on the Walk of Fame committee compiled a list of significant recording industry people who might qualify for a Walk of Fame star, they realized that many leading people in their business would not earn a star on
Hollywood Boulevard Hollywood Boulevard is a major east–west street in Los Angeles, California. It begins in the west as a winding residential street at Sunset Plaza Drive in the Hollywood Hills West, Los Angeles, Hollywood Hills West district. After crossing Lau ...
. They determined to rectify this by creating awards given by their industry similar to the
Oscars The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry. They are regarded as the most famous and prestigious awards in the entertainment industry around the world. Given annually b ...

Oscars
and the
Emmys An Emmy Award, or simply Emmy, is a trophy presented at one of the numerous annual American events or competitions that each recognize achievements in a particular sector of the television industry. The Emmy is considered one of the four majo ...

Emmys
. After deciding to go forward with such awards, a question remained what to call them. One working title was the ‘Eddie’, to honor
Thomas Edison Thomas Alva Edison (February 11, 1847October 18, 1931) was an American inventor and businessman. He developed many devices in fields such as electric power generation Electricity generation is the process of generating electric power from s ...

Thomas Edison
, the inventor of the
phonograph A phonograph, in its later forms also called a gramophone (as a trademark since 1887, as a generic name in the UK since 1910) or since the 1940s called a record player, is a device for the mechanical recording and reproduction of sound I ...

phonograph
. Eventually, the name was chosen after a mail-in contest whereby approximately 300 contestants submitted the name 'Grammy', with the earliest postmark from contest winner Jay Danna of New Orleans, Louisiana, as an abbreviated reference to the
gramophone A phonograph, in its later forms also called a gramophone (as a trademark since 1887, as a generic name in the UK since 1910) or since the 1940s called a record player, is a device for the mechanical Sound recording and reproduction, recording ...

gramophone
. Grammys were first awarded for achievements in 1958. The first award ceremony was held simultaneously in two locations on May 4, 1959, the
Beverly Hilton Hotel The Beverly Hilton is a hotel A hotel is an establishment that provides paid lodging on a short-term basis. Facilities provided inside a hotel room may range from a modest-quality mattress in a small room to large suites with bigger, high ...
in Beverly Hills, California, and the Park Sheraton Hotel in New York City, New York, with 28 Grammys awarded. The number of awards given grew, at one time reaching over 100, and fluctuated over the years with categories added and removed. The second Grammy Awards, also held in 1959, was the first ceremony to be televised, but the ceremony was not aired live until the 13th Annual Grammy Awards in 1971.


Gramophone trophy

The gold-plated trophies, each depicting a
gilded Gilding is a decorative technique for applying a very thin coating of gold Gold is a chemical element Image:Simple Periodic Table Chart-blocks.svg, 400px, Periodic table, The periodic table of the chemical elements In chemistry, an ...
gramophone A phonograph, in its later forms also called a gramophone (as a trademark since 1887, as a generic name in the UK since 1910) or since the 1940s called a record player, is a device for the mechanical Sound recording and reproduction, recording ...

gramophone
, are made and assembled by hand by Billings Artworks in
Ridgway, Colorado Ridgway, coined Gateway to the San Juans, is a Home Rule Municipality Devolution is the statutory delegation of powers from the central government of a sovereign state A sovereign state is a political entity that is represented by one ...
. In 1990, the original Grammy design was reworked, changing the traditional soft lead for a stronger alloy less prone to damage, making the trophy bigger and grander. Billings developed Grammium, a
zinc Zinc is a chemical element In chemistry, an element is a pure Chemical substance, substance consisting only of atoms that all have the same numbers of protons in their atomic nucleus, nuclei. Unlike chemical compounds, chemical element ...

zinc
alloy which they trademarked. Trophies engraved with each recipient's name are not available until after the award announcements, so "stunt" trophies are re-used each year for the ceremony broadcast. By February 2009, some 7,578 Grammy trophies had been awarded.


Categories

The "General Field" are four awards which are not restricted by music genre. * The Album of the Year award is presented to the performer, songwriter(s), and/or production team of a full album if other than the performer. * The
Record of the Year The Grammy Award for Record of the Year is presented by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences The Recording Academy (formally the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences; abbreviated NARAS) is an American Learned societ ...
award is presented to the performer and/or production team of a single song if other than the performer. * The Song of the Year award is presented to the songwriter(s) of a single song. * The
Best New Artist The Grammy Award for Best New Artist has been awarded since 1959. Years reflect the year in which the Grammy Awards were handed out, for records released in the previous year. The award was not presented in 1967. The official guidelines are as fo ...
award is presented to a promising breakthrough performer (or performers) who in the eligibility year releases the first recording that establishes their public identity (which is not necessarily their first proper release). Among three artists who have won all four awards, two won all four at once:
Christopher Cross Christopher Cross (born Christopher Charles Geppert; May 3, 1951) is an American singer, songwriter, musician, and composer from San Antonio, Texas. Cross won five Grammy Awards for his Christopher Cross (album), eponymous debut album released i ...

Christopher Cross
in 1981, and
Billie Eilish Billie Eilish Pirate Baird O'Connell ( ; born December 18, 2001) is an American singer and songwriter. She first gained attention in 2015 when she uploaded the song " Ocean Eyes" to SoundCloud, which was subsequently released by the Interscope ...
in 2020, making her, at age 18, the youngest artist to do so.
Adele Adele Laurie Blue Adkins (; born 5 May 1988) is an English singer-songwriter. After graduating from the BRIT School The BRIT School is a British performing arts and technology school located in the London Borough of Croydon, England, with ...

Adele
won the Best New Artist award in 2009 and her other three awards in 2012 and 2017. Other awards are given for performance and production in specific genres and for other contributions such as artwork and video. Special awards are also given for longer-lasting contributions to the music industry. Because of the large number of award categories (78 in 2012, 81 in 2013, and 82 in 2014), and a desire to feature several performances by various artists, only awards with the most popular interest - typically about 10 to 12, including the four general field categories and one or two categories in the most popular music genres (i.e., pop, rock, country, and rap) - are presented directly at the televised award ceremony. Most other Grammy trophies are presented in a pre-telecast "Premiere Ceremony" in the afternoon before the Grammy Awards telecast.


2012 category restructuring

On April 6, 2011, the Recording Academy announced a significant overhaul of many Grammy Award categories for 2012. The number of categories was cut from 109 to 78. The most substantial change was eliminating the distinction between male and female soloists and between collaborations and duo/groups in various genre fields (pop, rock, rhythm and blues &B country, and rap). Additionally, several instrumental soloist categories were discontinued; recordings in these categories now fall under general categories for best solo performances. In the
rock Rock most often refers to: * Rock (geology) A rock is any naturally occurring solid mass or aggregate of minerals or mineraloid matter. It is categorized by the minerals included, its Chemical compound, chemical composition and the way in w ...
field, the hard rock and metal album categories were combined. The
Best Rock Instrumental Performance The Grammy Award for Best Rock Instrumental Performance was an honor presented to recording artists for quality instrumental rock Instrumental rock is rock music Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in ...
category also was eliminated due to a waning number of entries. In
R&B Rhythm and blues, often abbreviated as R&B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African-American communities in the 1940s. The term was originally used by record companies to describe recordings marketed predominantly to urban African ...
, the distinction between best contemporary R&B album and other R&B albums has been eliminated, consolidated into one
Best R&B Album The Grammy Award for Best R&B Album is an honor presented at the Grammy Awards, a ceremony that was established in 1958 and originally called the Gramophone Awards, to recording artists for quality works on albums in the R&B music genre. Honors in ...
category. In
rap Rapping (also rhyming, spitting, emceeing or MCing) is a musical form of vocal delivery that incorporates "rhyme, rhythmic speech, and street vernacular", which is performed or chanted in a variety of ways, usually over a backing beat or mus ...
, the categories for best rap soloist and best rap duo or group have been merged into the new
Best Rap Performance The Grammy Award for Best Rap Performance is an honor presented to recording artists for quality rap performances. It was first presented at the 31st Annual Grammy Awards in 1989 and again at the 32nd Annual Grammy Awards in 1990, after which p ...
category. The
roots A root In vascular plants, the roots are the plant organ, organs of a plant that are modified to provide anchorage for the plant and take in water and nutrients into the plant body, which allows plants to grow taller and faster. They most often ...
category had the most eliminations. Up through 2011, there were separate categories for regional American music forms, such as Hawaiian, Native American, and Zydeco/Cajun music. A consistently low number of entries in these categories lead the Recording Academy to combine these music variations into a new
Best Regional Roots Music Album The Grammy Award for Best Regional Roots Music Album is an award presented at the Grammy Award The Grammy Award (stylized as GRAMMY, originally called Gramophone Award), or just Grammy, is an award presented by the Recording Academy to recog ...
, including
polka The polka is originally a Czech people, Czech dance and musical genre, genre of dance music familiar throughout all of Europe and the Americas. It originated in the middle of the nineteenth century in Bohemia, now part of the Czech Republic. The ...

polka
, which had lost its category in 2009. In same-genre fields, the traditional and contemporary blues categories and the traditional and contemporary folk categories each were consolidated into one per genre, due to the number of entries and the challenges to distinguish between contemporary and traditional blues and folk songs. In the world music field, the traditional and contemporary categories also were merged. In the
classical Classical may refer to: European antiquity *Classical antiquity, a period of history from roughly the 7th or 8th century B.C.E. to the 5th century C.E. centered on the Mediterranean Sea *Classical architecture, architecture derived from Greek and ...

classical
field, its main category
Best Classical Album The Grammy Award The Grammy Award (stylized as GRAMMY, originally called Gramophone Award), or just Grammy, is an award presented by the Recording Academy to recognize achievement in the music industry. The trophy depicts a gilded Phonograph ...
was discontinued because most recipients in the category had also won in other classical categories for the same album. Classical recordings are now eligible for the main Album of the Year category. A few minor name changes were also made to better reflect the nature of the separate categories. The Recording Academy determined that the word "gospel" in the
gospel Gospel originally meant the Christian message ("the gospel#REDIRECT The gospel In Christianity Christianity is an Abrahamic religions, Abrahamic Monotheism, monotheistic religion based on the Life of Jesus in the New Testament, life and Te ...
genre field tends to connote images and sounds of traditional soul gospel to the exclusion of Contemporary Christian Music (CCM). Therefore, the field and some categories were renamed as Gospel/Contemporary Christian Music.


Since 2012

Since 2012, small adjustments have been made to lists of categories and genre fields. The number of categories has risen from 78 in 2012 to 84 since 2017. In 2020, amid the
George Floyd protests The George Floyd protests are an ongoing series of police brutality protests that began in Minneapolis in the United States on May 26, 2020. The Civil disorder, civil unrest and protests began as part of international Reactions to the killing ...
, several urban, rap, and Latin music categories were renamed.


Entry process and selection of nominees

Members of the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences (NARAS), both media companies and individuals, may nominate recordings for consideration. Entries are made online and a physical copy of the work is sent to NARAS. When a work is entered, review sessions are held that involve over 150 recording industry experts, to determine that the work has been entered in the correct category. The resulting lists of eligible entries are then circulated to voting members, each who may vote to nominate in the general fields (
Record of the Year The Grammy Award for Record of the Year is presented by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences The Recording Academy (formally the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences; abbreviated NARAS) is an American Learned societ ...
, Album of the Year, Song of the Year, and
Best New Artist The Grammy Award for Best New Artist has been awarded since 1959. Years reflect the year in which the Grammy Awards were handed out, for records released in the previous year. The award was not presented in 1967. The official guidelines are as fo ...
) and in up to nine out of 30 other fields on their ballots. The five recordings that earn the most votes in each category become the nominees, while in some categories (craft and specialized categories) review committees determine the final five nominees. There may be over five nominees if a tie occurs in the nomination process. Although members of the
Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS, often pronounced ; also known as simply the Academy or the Motion Picture Academy) is a professional honorary organization with the stated goal of advancing the arts and sciences of motion ...
generally are invited to screenings or are sent DVDs of films nominated for Oscars, NARAS members do not receive nominated recordings, but instead receive access to a private online listening service.


Final voting

After nominees have been determined, final voting ballots are sent to NARAS voting members, who may then vote in the general fields and in up to nine of the 30 fields. Members are encouraged, but not required, to vote only in their fields of expertise. Ballots are tabulated secretly by the independent accounting firm
Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited , commonly referred to as Deloitte, is an Anglo-American multinational professional services network. Deloitte is one of the Big Four accounting organizations and the largest professional services network i ...
. After vote tabulation, winners are announced at the Grammy Awards. The recording with the most votes in a category wins and it is possible to have a tie (in which case the two r morenominees who tie are considered winners). Winners are presented with a Grammy Award; those who do not win receive a medal for their nomination. In both voting rounds, Academy members are required to vote solely based upon quality, without consideration for sales, chart performance, personal friendships, regional preferences or company loyalty. Gifts may not be accepted. Members are urged to vote in a manner that preserves the integrity of the Academy and their member community. Although registered media companies may submit entries, they have no vote in the process. The eligibility period for the 63rd Annual Grammy Awards was September 1, 2019 to August 31, 2020.


Certificates

In many categories, certificates are presented to those ineligible for a Grammy award but who did contribute to a winning recording. These certificates are known as Participation Certificates or Winners Certificates. Those eligible for a certificate can apply for one in the weeks after the Grammy ceremony.


Grammy Legend

From time to time, a special Grammy Award of merit is awarded to recognize "ongoing contributions and influence in the recording field". It has come to be known as the Grammy Legend Award and the Grammy Living Legend Award at different ceremonies. only fourteen solo musicians and one band have received this award.


Salute to Industry Icons Award

The Salute to Industry Icons Award honors those who have made innovative contributions to the music industry. Recipients include: *
Herb Alpert Herb Alpert (born March 31, 1935) is an American trumpeter who led Herb Alpert & the Tijuana Brass in the 1960s. During the same decade, he co-founded A&M Records A&M Records was an American record label founded as an independent company by Her ...
&
Jerry Moss Jerome S. Moss (born May 8, 1935) is an American recording executive, best known for being the co-founder of A&M Records, along with trumpet player and bandleader Herb Alpert. Music career After graduating from Brooklyn College with a degree in ...
*
Irving Azoff Irving Azoff (; born December 12, 1947) is an American entertainment executive and chairman of Full Stop Management, which represents recording artists. Since September 2013, he has been chairman and CEO of Azoff MSG Entertainment, a venture wit ...
*
Martin Bandier Martin N. "Marty" Bandier (born July 21, 1941) is an American music industry executive who was the CEO/Chairman of Sony/ATV Music Publishing for 11 years. Bandier studied at Stuyvesant High School, Syracuse University, and Brooklyn Law School. ...
*
Richard Branson Sir Richard Charles Nicholas Branson (born 18 July 1950) is a British business magnate, entrepreneur, investor, and author. In the 1970s he founded the Virgin Group, which today controls more than 400 companies in various fields. Branson expre ...

Richard Branson
*
Clive Davis Clive Jay Davis (born April 4, 1932) is an American record producer, A&R executive, music industry executive, and lawyer A lawyer or attorney is a person who practices law, as an advocate, attorney at lawAttorney at law or attorney-at- ...

Clive Davis
*
Ahmet Ertegun Ahmet Ertegun (, Turkish spelling: Ahmet Ertegün (); – December 14, 2006) was a Turkish-American businessman, songwriter and philanthropist. Ertegun was the co-founder and president of Atlantic Records. He discovered and championed many lead ...
*
David Geffen David Lawrence Geffen (born February 21, 1943) is an American business magnate, producer, film studio executive, and philanthropy, philanthropist. Geffen co-created Asylum Records in 1971 with Elliot Roberts, Geffen Records in 1980, DGC Records ...
*
Berry Gordy Berry Gordy III (born November 28, 1929), known professionally as Berry Gordy Jr., is an American record executive, record producer, songwriter, film producer and television producer. He is best known as the founder of the Motown record label an ...

Berry Gordy
*
Lucian Grainge Sir Lucian Charles Grainge (born 29 February 1960) is the chairman and chief executive officer of Universal Music Group. Over the course of his career, he has worked with artists including Lady Gaga, Amy Winehouse, ABBA, Eurythmics, Rihanna (s ...
*
Jay-Z Shawn Corey Carter (born December 4, 1969), known professionally as Jay-Z (stylized as JAY-Z), is an American rapper, songwriter, record executive, entrepreneur, and media proprietor. He is widely regarded as one of the most influential hip-ho ...

Jay-Z
* Debra L. Lee *
Doug Morris Doug Morris (born November 23, 1938) is an American record executive. He is the current chairman of 12Tone Music Group. He previously served as chairman and CEO of the Universal Music Group Universal Music Group B.V. (often abbreviated as U ...
*
Mo Ostin Mo Ostin (born Morris Meyer Ostrofsky; March 27, 1927) is an American record executive A music executive or record executive is a person within a record label who works in senior management and makes executive decisions over the label's artists. ...
*
L.A. Reid Antonio Marquis "L.A." Reid (born June 7, 1956) is an American record executive A music executive or record executive is a person within a record label A record label, or record company, is a brand A brand is a name, term, design, symbol ...

L.A. Reid


In Memoriam

In past decades, remarks given by the president of The Recording Academy has been followed by an In Memoriam segment. The segment was aired in the broadcast's final hour, and later was preceded by the broadcast's final commercial break.


Venue

Before 1971, Grammy Award ceremonies were held in different locations on the same day. Originally
New York City New York, often called New York City to distinguish it from New York State New York is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of ...

New York City
and
Los Angeles Los Angeles ( ; xgf, Tovaangar; es, Los Ángeles, , ), commonly referred to by the L.A., is the in . With a 2020 population of 3,898,747, it is the in the , following . Los Angeles is known for its , ethnic and cultural diversity, a ...

Los Angeles
were the host cities.
Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive map of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnotes = , subdivision_type = Country , subdivision_name ...

Chicago
joined as a host city in 1962 and
Nashville Nashville is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lowerca ...

Nashville
became a fourth location in 1965. The 1971 ceremony at the
Hollywood Palladium The Hollywood Palladium is a theater (building), theater located at 6215 Sunset Boulevard in Hollywood, California. It was built in a Streamline Moderne, Art Deco style and includes an dance floor including a mezzanine and a floor level with roo ...

Hollywood Palladium
in Los Angeles, was the first to take place in one location. In 1972, the ceremony was then moved to
Madison Square Garden Madison Square Garden, colloquially known as The Garden or by its initials MSG, is a multi-purpose indoor arena in New York City New York, often called New York City to distinguish it from New York State New York is a state Stat ...

Madison Square Garden
's
Felt Forum The Hulu Theater at Madison Square Garden is a Theater (structure), theater located in New York City's Madison Square Garden. It seats between 2,000 and 5,600 for concerts and can also be used for meetings, stage shows and graduation ceremonies. No ...
in New York City, then moved in 1973 to Nashville's Tennessee Theatre. From 1974 to 2003, the Grammys were held in various venues in New York City and Los Angeles, including New York's Madison Square Garden and
Radio City Music Hall Radio City Music Hall is an entertainment venue at 1260 Avenue of the Americas Sixth Avenue – also known as Avenue of the Americas, although this name is seldom used by New Yorkers, p.24 – is a major thoroughfare in New York City ...

Radio City Music Hall
; and Los Angeles’
Shrine Auditorium The Shrine Auditorium is a landmark large-event venue in Los Angeles, California. It is also the headquarters of the Al Malaikah Temple, a division of the Shriners. It was designated a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument (No. 139) in 1975. His ...

Shrine Auditorium
,
Staples Center Crypto.com Arena (formerly known as Staples Center) is a multi-purpose arena in Downtown Los Angeles. Adjacent to the L.A. Live development, it is located next to the Los Angeles Convention Center complex along Figueroa Street. The arena opened ...

Staples Center
and Hollywood Palladium. In 2000, the Crypto.com Arena (known as the Staples Center from 1999 to 2021) became the permanent home of the award ceremonies.
The Grammy MuseumThe Grammy Museum is any of a group of museums containing exhibits relating to winners of the Grammy Award for achievement in recording. The museums in this group include: *The Grammy Museum at L.A. Live, which opened in 2008 in Los Angeles, Califor ...
was built across the street from the Crypto.com Arena in
LA Live L.A. Live is an entertainment complex in the South Park District of Downtown Los Angeles Downtown Los Angeles (DTLA) is the central business district A central business district (CBD) is the commercial and business center of a city. It co ...

LA Live
to preserve the history of the Grammy Awards. Embedded on the sidewalks on the museum streets are bronze disks, similar to the
Hollywood Walk of Fame The Hollywood Walk of Fame is a historic landmark which consists of more than 2,700 five-pointed terrazzo Terrazzo is a composite material, poured in place or precast, which is used for floor and wall treatments. It consists of chips of mar ...

Hollywood Walk of Fame
, to honor each year's top winners, Record of the Year, Best New Artist, Album of the Year, and Song of the Year. Since 2000, the Grammy Awards have taken place outside of Los Angeles only twice, with
New York City New York, often called New York City to distinguish it from New York State New York is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of ...

New York City
's
Madison Square Garden Madison Square Garden, colloquially known as The Garden or by its initials MSG, is a multi-purpose indoor arena in New York City New York, often called New York City to distinguish it from New York State New York is a state Stat ...

Madison Square Garden
hosting the awards in
2003 2003 was designated the International Year of the freshwater, Fresh Water. Events January * January 11 – Illinois Governor George Ryan commutes the death sentences of 167 prisoners on Illinois's death row based on the Jon Burge scandal. * ...
and in
2018 2018 was designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative. Events January * January 13 – The killing of Naqeebullah Mehsud, in a fake encounter killings by police, encounter staged by po ...
. The annual awards ceremony at the Crypto.com Arena requires that sports teams like the
Los Angeles Kings The Los Angeles Kings are a professional ice hockey Ice hockey is a contact sport, contact winter team sport played on ice skates, usually on an Ice rink, ice skating rink with Ice hockey rink, lines and markings specific to the sport. It i ...
,
Los Angeles Lakers The Los Angeles Lakers are an American professional basketball team based in Los Angeles. The Lakers compete in the National Basketball Association (NBA) as a member of the league's Western Conference (NBA), Western Conference Pacific Division ...

Los Angeles Lakers
,
Los Angeles Clippers The Los Angeles Clippers are an American professional basketball team based in Los Angeles. The Clippers compete in the National Basketball Association (NBA) as a member of the Pacific Division (NBA), Pacific Division in the league's Western C ...
and
Los Angeles Sparks The Los Angeles Sparks are an American professional basketball Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, opposing one another on a rectangular Basketball court, court, compete with the primary object ...
play an extended length of road games.


Leading winners

With 31 Grammy Awards, Sir
Georg Solti Sir Georg Solti, (; born György Stern; 21 October 1912 – 5 September 1997) was a Hungarian-born British orchestral and operatic Conducting, conductor, best known for his appearances with opera companies in Munich, Frankfurt and London, and as ...
is the artist with the most Grammy wins. is the biggest winner among female artists and singers overall with 28 awards. , with 22 Grammy Awards, holds the record for most awards won by a group.


Criticism


Commercialism

When
Pearl Jam Pearl Jam is an American rock Rock most often refers to: * Rock (geology) A rock is any naturally occurring solid mass or aggregate of minerals or mineraloid matter. It is categorized by the minerals included, its Chemical compound, ch ...
won a Grammy for the
Best Hard Rock Performance The Grammy Award for Best Hard Rock Performance was an award presented to recording artists at the Grammy Award The Grammy Award (stylized as GRAMMY, originally called Gramophone Award), or just Grammy, is an award presented by the Recording ...
in 1996, the band's lead singer
Eddie Vedder Eddie Jerome Vedder (born Edward Louis Severson III; December 23, 1964) is an American singer, musician and songwriter, best known as the lead vocalist and one of four guitarists of the Rock music, rock band Pearl Jam. He also appeared as a guest ...

Eddie Vedder
commented on stage: "I don't know what this means. I don't think it means anything." In 2008
Glen Hansard A glen is a valley A valley is an elongated low area often running between hills or mountains, which will typically contain a river or stream running from one end to the other. Most valleys are formed by erosion of the land surface by ...
, leader of the Irish rock group
The Frames The Frames are an Irish rock Rock most often refers to: * Rock (geology) A rock is any naturally occurring solid mass or aggregate of minerals or mineraloid matter. It is categorized by the minerals included, its Chemical compound, ch ...

The Frames
, stated that the Grammys represent something outside of the real world of music "that's fully industry based". He said he was not that interested in attending that year's ceremony, even though he had been nominated for two awards.
Maynard James Keenan Maynard James Keenan (born James Herbert Keenan; April 17, 1964) is an American singer, songwriter, musician, record producer, actor, and winemaker. He is best known as the singer and primary lyricist of the rock band Tool (band), Tool, with wh ...
, lead singer of
progressive rock Progressive rock (shortened as prog; also known as classical rock or symphonic rock; sometimes conflated with art rock) is a broad genre of rock music that developed in the United Kingdom and United States throughout the mid-to late 1960s, peak ...
band
Tool A tool is an object that can extend an individual's ability to modify features of the surrounding environment. Although many animals use tool use by animals, simple tools, only human beings, whose use of stone tools dates back Paleolithic, hun ...
, did not attend the Grammy Awards ceremony to receive one of their awards, explaining that: The Grammys have also been criticized for generally awarding or nominating more commercially successful albums rather than critically successful ones. In 1991, became the first musician to refuse a Grammy, boycotting the ceremony after being nominated for
Record of the Year The Grammy Award for Record of the Year is presented by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences The Recording Academy (formally the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences; abbreviated NARAS) is an American Learned societ ...
,
Best Female Pop Vocal Performance The Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance was a Grammy Award The Grammy Award (stylized as GRAMMY, originally called Gramophone Award), or just Grammy, is an award presented by the Recording Academy to recognize achievement in t ...
, and Grammy Award for Best Alternative Music Album, Grammy Award for Best Alternative Music Performance. O'Connor would go on to win the latter award. She said her reasoning came from the Grammys' extreme commercialism.


Artist snubs

The Grammys also have been criticized for snubbing awards to some nominated artists. At the 38th Annual Grammy Awards, artist Mariah Carey was nominated for six awards for her album ''Daydream (Mariah Carey album), Daydream'', including Album of the Year and Record of the Year for her single "One Sweet Day". Although critics believed Carey would be "cleaning up" that year, Carey ultimately lost in all her nominated categories that night, much to the shock of critics and Carey herself. In 2011, ''Los Angeles Times'' journalist Randall Roberts criticized the exclusion of Kanye West's ''My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy'' from Album of the Year nominations for the 54th Grammy Awards. He described West's album as "the most critically acclaimed album of the year, a career-defining record". Roberts went on to criticize the Grammy Awards for being "mired in the past" and out of touch with "new media" and trends among music listeners such as file sharing, music sharing, stating: In an article for ''Time (magazine), Time'', journalist Touré (journalist), Touré also responded to the snub and expressed general displeasure with the awards, stating "I don't pretend to understand the Grammys. I have never been able to discern a consistent logic around who gets nominated or who gets statues. I comprehend the particular logic of the Oscars, but not the big awards for music. My normal state of confusion around what drives Grammy decisions was exponentialized this week when, to the shock of many, Kanye's masterpiece ''My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy'' was not nominated for a Grammy for Album of the Year." He went on to compare understanding the Grammy Awards to Kremlinology and commented on The Recording Academy's exclusion of more "mature" hip hop albums as Album of the Year nominees, noting that it occasionally opts to nominate "pop-friendly" hip hop albums instead. In a 2011 profile for ''The New York Times'' after the 53rd Grammy Awards, frontman Justin Vernon of indie band Bon Iver was asked about the Grammys and how he would react to a nomination for his group, to which he responded: He reaffirmed this sentiment and commented about the Grammys, saying: Bon Iver subsequently received four nominations in November for the 54th Grammy Awards. After winning, Vernon said in his acceptance, "It's really hard to accept this award. There's so much talent out here [...] and there's a lot of talent that's not here tonight. It's also hard to accept because you know, when I started to make songs I did it for the inherent reward of making songs, so I'm a little bit uncomfortable up here." In his article "Everything Old Is Praised Again", Jon Caramanica of ''The New York Times'' criticized Grammy voters for being "conservative" and disregarding more "forward-looking" music and wrote in response to the 54th Grammy Awards, "for the umpteenth time, the Grammys went with familiarity over risk, bestowing album of the year honors (and several more) on an album that reinforced the values of an older generation suspicious of change." He cited the Grammy successes of Lauryn Hill's ''The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill'' (1998), Norah Jones' ''Come Away with Me'' (2003), and
Adele Adele Laurie Blue Adkins (; born 5 May 1988) is an English singer-songwriter. After graduating from the BRIT School The BRIT School is a British performing arts and technology school located in the London Borough of Croydon, England, with ...

Adele
's ''21 (Adele album), 21'' (2011) as examples of "the Grammys drop[ping] a boatload of awards on a young female singer-songwriter and her breakthrough album". Of Kanye West's absence from the ceremony, Caramanica stated, "He didn't even bother to show up for the broadcast, which was well enough because hip-hop was almost completely marginalized." In an article for ''The Huffington Post'', music executive and author Steve Stoute criticized the Recording Academy and the Grammy Awards for having "lost touch with contemporary popular culture" and noted "two key sources" for it: "(1) over-zealousness to produce a popular show that is at odds with its own system of voting and (2) fundamental disrespect of cultural shifts as being viable and artistic." Stoute accused the Academy of snubbing artists with more cultural impact, citing respective losses by the critical and commercial successes in Eminem's ''The Marshall Mathers LP'' (2000) and Kanye West's ''Graduation (album), Graduation'' (2007) in the Album of the Year category. Stoute asserted that In 2020, Canadian artist Abel Tesfaye, known by his stage name The Weeknd, was completely shut out from the Grammys when his fourth studio album, ''After Hours (The Weeknd album), After Hours'', received no nominations at the 63rd Annual Grammy Awards. This came as a surprise to critics, fans, and Tesfaye himself, who had a successful run in 2020 with the success of both his album and the single "Blinding Lights". Tesfaye responded by social media calling the Grammys "corrupt". Speculation arose that the announcement of his then-upcoming Super Bowl performance, as well as the discrepancy of being nominated as pop music versus R&B, contributed to the snubs. Harvey Mason, Jr. responded by saying:
We understand that The Weeknd is disappointed at not being nominated. I was surprised and can empathize with what he's feeling. His music this year was excellent, and his contributions to the music community and broader world are worthy of everyone’s admiration. We were thrilled when we found out he would be performing at the upcoming Super Bowl and we would have loved to have him also perform on the Grammy stage the weekend before. Unfortunately, every year, there are fewer nominations than the number of deserving artists. But as the only peer-voted music award, we will continue to recognize and celebrate excellence in music while shining a light on the many amazing artists that make up our global community. To be clear, voting in all categories ended well before The Weeknd’s performance at the Super Bowl was announced, so in no way could it have affected the nomination process. All Grammy nominees are recognized by the voting body for their excellence, and we congratulate them all.


Formatting

The Grammys' eligibility period runs from October 1st of one year until September 30th of the next year. Records released in the fourth quarter of a given year are not eligible for that year's awards (the submissions and first round ballots are underway at that time). This is despite the quarter falling during the Christmas and holiday season, when many physical albums have been traditionally released and are heavily purchased for holiday giftgiving, and when Christmas music is at its natural peak. Fans unfamiliar with the Grammys voting window perennially hold a mistaken notion that a favorite artist has then been snubbed; for example,
Adele Adele Laurie Blue Adkins (; born 5 May 1988) is an English singer-songwriter. After graduating from the BRIT School The BRIT School is a British performing arts and technology school located in the London Borough of Croydon, England, with ...

Adele
's album ''25 (Adele album), 25'' was released in November 2015 and thus was ineligible for nomination for the 2015 awards, despite its massive sales, earning its Grammys (including Album of the Year) instead in 2017. Conversely, the Grammys often recognize work more than a year after it was released. Taylor Swift's ''1989 (Taylor Swift album), 1989'' won Album of the Year in 2016, even though the album came out in October 2014.


Accusations of racial bias

The Grammys have also been accused of being unfavorable and Racism in Grammy Awards, racist to African American, Black recording artists. In a 2017 interview Canadian artist Drake (musician), Drake accused the awards of seeing him only as a rapper and not as a pop-music artist due to his previous work and heritage. He criticized the snubbing of "One Dance" for the Record of the Year award and the nomination of "Hotline Bling" for Grammy Award for Best Rap Song, Best Rap Song and Grammy Award for Best Rap/Sung Performance, Best Rap/Sung Performance, despite it not being a rap song. ''The Atlantic''s Spencer Kornhaber accused the Grammys of "sidelining a black visionary work in favor of a white traditionalist one". Drake did not attend the 2017 awards ceremony where he was nominated. He had a performance in Manchester, England on February 12, 2017, the same night as the ceremony. Frank Ocean was vocal about boycotting the same Grammy Awards and did not submit his album ''Blonde (Frank Ocean album), Blonde'' for award consideration as a protest. The Grammys were also criticized after the 59th Annual Grammy Awards when
Adele Adele Laurie Blue Adkins (; born 5 May 1988) is an English singer-songwriter. After graduating from the BRIT School The BRIT School is a British performing arts and technology school located in the London Borough of Croydon, England, with ...

Adele
's ''25'' (as mentioned above, released in late 2015) won Album of the Year over Beyoncé's album ''Lemonade (Beyoncé album), Lemonade'' (released in April 2016), which many music publications believed should have won the award. Steve Knopper of ''Rolling Stone'' magazine believed that she lost due to the Grammy voters being all white males and as well as for her pro-Black performance during the Super Bowl 50 halftime show. ''USA Today'' also criticized Beyoncé's loss stating that "Black artists have struggled to win album of the year". They also felt ''25'' won only due to the album's record-breaking sales rather than having cultural significance and the large impact that ''Lemonade'' had in 2016. Adele also expressed that ''Lemonade'' should have won over her for Album of the Year, stating in her acceptance speech: In 2019, for the first time, rap artists won major award nominations outside the rap categories when Childish Gambino won the first Song and Record of the Year awards ever for a rap song. Hispanic and Latino Americans (the largest America minority) are more under-represented at the Grammy Awards, and their music is prone to be shifted to the categories of the Latin Grammy Awards unless they have a mainstream following.


Issues with women

The Grammys have also been criticized for their treatment of female artists specifically. Notably at the 60th Annual Grammy Awards in 2018, New Zealand singer Lorde made headlines after turning down an offer to perform at the ceremony. She suggested that she was invited to perform alongside several other artists in a tribute to Tom Petty but was refused a solo slot, despite being nominated for the Album of the Year Award and stated that each male nominee was allowed a solo performance. Lorde's mother also criticized the Grammys, pointing out an article that only nine percent of nominees at the previous six Grammy Awards were women. After the 60th ceremony, several media outlets reported that the ceremony had failed women, specifically pointing to the most nominated female artist SZA (singer), SZA who failed to win in any of her five nominated categories, and to the Best Pop Solo Performance category which included four female nominees but was won by Ed Sheeran. In an interview, Neil Portnow, President of the Recording Academy attracted controversy by stating that female artists need to "step up" in order to win awards. Portnow's comments drew criticism from many female musicians including Pink (singer), Pink, Katy Perry, Vanessa Carlton, Sheryl Crow, Iggy Azalea, Halsey (singer), Halsey and Charli XCX. They also prompted the hashtag #GrammysSoMale on social media. Before the 61st Annual Grammy Awards in 2019, singer Ariana Grande decided not to perform or attend that year's ceremony over a disagreement about the song choices for her performance. An anonymous source told ''Variety'' that Grande felt "insulted" when producers refused to let the singer perform her latest single "7 Rings". They compromised by having her perform the song as part of a medley, but the condition that the producers choose the second song lead Grande to withdraw from the show. The source said that the same stipulations were not imposed on other performers. Grande later accused Grammy producer Ken Ehrlich of lying about why she dropped out of the show. Ehrlich had said that Grande "felt it was too late for her to pull something together". Grande responded: Despite the controversy, Grande won for Best Pop Vocal Album and in 2020 performed at the 62nd Annual Grammy Awards when nominated for five awards, including Album of the Year, but won none. Despite past controversies, female artists dominated the 63rd Annual Grammy Awards, with the big four awards being awarded entirely to women. Several women also broke records at that ceremony. In May 2018, it was revealed that money intended for the Recording Academy charity MusiCares was siphoned off to pay for the cost overruns of hosting the 60th Annual Grammy Awards at
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's
Madison Square Garden Madison Square Garden, colloquially known as The Garden or by its initials MSG, is a multi-purpose indoor arena in New York City New York, often called New York City to distinguish it from New York State New York is a state Stat ...

Madison Square Garden
. Concerning the controversies of hosting that year's Grammy Awards in New York, Dana Tomarken, the former executive vice president of the MusiCares foundation claimed Wrongful dismissal, wrongful termination. She alleges that she was fired for pushing back against the academy's "boys club". She claimed that by having the MusiCares Person of the Year Tribute to Fleetwood Mac at
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Radio City Music Hall
, the event had to forgo its traditional VIP dinner and silent auction. She had already been offered a deal to have the event at the Barclays Center in Brooklyn. The Barclays Center is owned by AEG, which competes directly with The Madison Square Garden Company which owns
Madison Square Garden Madison Square Garden, colloquially known as The Garden or by its initials MSG, is a multi-purpose indoor arena in New York City New York, often called New York City to distinguish it from New York State New York is a state Stat ...

Madison Square Garden
and Radio City.
Irving Azoff Irving Azoff (; born December 12, 1947) is an American entertainment executive and chairman of Full Stop Management, which represents recording artists. Since September 2013, he has been chairman and CEO of Azoff MSG Entertainment, a venture wit ...
who then had a joint venture with the Madison Square Garden Company told Tomarken that the event can't be held at Barclays and had to be held at Radio City. Oak View Group which is associated with Azoff received 300 of the highest price tickets to the MusiCares event at Radio City. Oak View Group was supposed to sell them as a package deal which also included tickets to the Grammy Awards itself. MusiCares was promised to received $1.5 million from those tickets according to Tomarken. Those 300 tickets were never sold and were then returned to MusiCares, which resulted in a loss. Recording Academy CEO Deborah Dugan was placed on leave on January 16, 2020, after a complaint of bullying from a member of staff (according to an anonymous ''New York Times'' source), ten days before the 62nd Annual Grammy Awards. Dugan had complained internally, alleging a broken system of voting that was subject to Conflict of interest, conflicts of interest and unnecessary spending. On the nominations for the 61st Annual Grammy Awards, she stated that the voting process was an "outrageous conflict of interest" with several nominated artists sitting on the voting boards of their prospective categories. She claimed that "one artist who initially ranked 18 out of 20 in the 2019 'Song of the Year' category ended up with a nomination". She also claimed that a few artists like Ed Sheeran and Ariana Grande had the votes to be nominated for the category, but were ultimately omitted. In 2020, comedy star Tiffany Haddish turned down the invitation to host the 63rd Annual Grammy Awards, 63rd Grammy pre-telecast premiere ceremony when they said that she would have to pay her own way. In an exclusive interview with Variety (magazine), ''Variety'', Haddish revealed that she was told to cover the cost of hair, makeup, and wardrobe for the three-hour event, adding, “I don't know if this might mean I might not get nominated ever again, but I think it's disrespectful.” When contacted, The Recording Academy explained that the premiere Ceremony is not a CBS program and is hosted by the Academy, a not-for-profit organization, meaning that artists, hosts and performers have to perform free every year. They also noted that the issue would have no impact in Haddish's future nomination.


TV broadcasts and ratings

Before the first live Grammys telecast in 1971 on American Broadcasting Company, ABC, a series of filmed annual specials in the 1960s called ''The Best on Record'' was broadcast on NBC. The first Grammy Award telecast took place on the night of November 29, 1959, as an episode of the NBC anthology series ''NBC Sunday Showcase'', which normally was devoted to plays, original TV dramas, and variety shows. Until 1971, awards ceremonies were held in both New York and Los Angeles, with winners accepting at one of the two venues. Television producer Pierre Cossette bought the rights to broadcast the ceremony from the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences and organized the first live telecast. CBS bought the rights in 1973 after moving the ceremony to
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, Tennessee; the American Music Awards were created for ABC by the late Dick Clark as a result. The Recording Academy announced on June 21, 2011, that it had reached a new deal with CBS to keep the awards show on the network for another 10 years. As part of the new contract, the network would also air a "nominations concert" special in the last week of November, where nominations would be released during a special exclusive to CBS, rather than at a traditional early-morning press conference to a multi-network press pool. This was ended after the 2016 concert due to low ratings and criticism about the announcement format, and as of the 2017 nominations, they have been revealed in a roundtable conversation with Recording Academy representatives during ''CBS This Morning''. In 58th Grammy Awards, 2016, the Grammys became the first awards show to be broadcast live in all US territories, and for decades, alongside the
Academy Awards The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry The film industry or motion picture industry comprises the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking, i.e., ...

Academy Awards
, Primetime Emmy Awards and Tony Awards, the shows have aired live in over 150 countries worldwide. From 2004 to 2019, the Grammys were held on the second Sunday of February (the week after the Super Bowl), with two exceptions: if that day was February 14 (Valentine's Day), it was moved to the following day; if it was a Winter Olympics year, it was held earlier on the last Sunday of January (the week before the Super Bowl). Starting in 2020, the Academy Awards ceremony would move back to the second Sunday of February, forcing the Grammys to move back to the last Sunday of January to avoid conflict with either the Oscars or the Super Bowl. To allow enough time for preparation, the cutoff date for eligible recordings would move from September 30 to August 31. This change reduced the eligibility period for the 2020 awards to eleven months (October 1, 2018 August 31, 2019), a month shorter than usual.


Viewership by year

Colors= id:lightgrey value:gray(0.9) id:darkgrey value:gray(0.8) id:sfondo value:rgb(1,1,1) id:barra value:rgb(0.6,0.7,0.8) ImageSize = width:1300 height:500 PlotArea = left:50 bottom:50 top:30 right:30 DateFormat = x.y Period = from:0 till:60 TimeAxis = orientation:vertical AlignBars = justify ScaleMajor = gridcolor:darkgrey increment:10 start:0 ScaleMinor = gridcolor:lightgrey increment:2 start:0 BackgroundColors = canvas:sfondo BarData= bar:1977 text:1977 bar:1978 text:1978 bar:1979 text:1979 bar:1980 text:1980 bar:1981 text:1981 bar:1982 text:1982 bar:1983 text:1983 bar:1984 text:1984 bar:1985 text:1985 bar:1986 text:1986 bar:1987 text:1987 bar:1988 text:1988 bar:1989 text:1989 bar:1990 text:1990 bar:1991 text:1991 bar:1992 text:1992 bar:1993 text:1993 bar:1994 text:1994 bar:1995 text:1995 bar:1996 text:1996 bar:1997 text:1997 bar:1998 text:1998 bar:1999 text:1999 bar:2000 text:2000 bar:2001 text:2001 bar:2002 text:2002 bar:2003 text:2003 bar:2004 text:2004 bar:2005 text:2005 bar:2006 text:2006 bar:2007 text:2007 bar:2008 text:2008 bar:2009 text:2009 bar:2010 text:2010 bar:2011 text:2011 bar:2012 text:2012 bar:2013 text:2013 bar:2014 text:2014 bar:2015 text:2015 bar:2016 text:2016 bar:2017 text:2017 bar:2018 text:2018 bar:2019 text:2019 bar:2020 text:2020 bar:2021 text:2021 PlotData= color:barra width:20 align:left bar:1977 from: 0 till:28.86 bar:1978 from: 0 till:0 bar:1979 from: 0 till:31.31 bar:1980 from: 0 till:32.39 bar:1981 from: 0 till:28.57 bar:1982 from: 0 till:24.02 bar:1983 from: 0 till:30.86 bar:1984 from: 0 till:51.67 bar:1985 from: 0 till:37.12 bar:1986 from: 0 till:30.39 bar:1987 from: 0 till:27.91 bar:1988 from: 0 till:32.76 bar:1989 from: 0 till:23.57 bar:1990 from: 0 till:28.83 bar:1991 from: 0 till:28.89 bar:1992 from: 0 till:23.10 bar:1993 from: 0 till:29.87 bar:1994 from: 0 till:23.69 bar:1995 from: 0 till:17.27 bar:1996 from: 0 till:21.50 bar:1997 from: 0 till:19.21 bar:1998 from: 0 till:25.04 bar:1999 from: 0 till:24.88 bar:2000 from: 0 till:27.79 bar:2001 from: 0 till:26.65 bar:2002 from: 0 till:18.86 bar:2003 from: 0 till:24.82 bar:2004 from: 0 till:26.29 bar:2005 from: 0 till:18.80 bar:2006 from: 0 till:17.00 bar:2007 from: 0 till:20.05 bar:2008 from: 0 till:17.18 bar:2009 from: 0 till:19.04 bar:2010 from: 0 till:25.80 bar:2011 from: 0 till:26.55 bar:2012 from: 0 till:39.91 bar:2013 from: 0 till:28.37 bar:2014 from: 0 till:28.51 bar:2015 from: 0 till:25.30 bar:2016 from: 0 till:24.95 bar:2017 from: 0 till:26.05 bar:2018 from: 0 till:19.80 bar:2019 from: 0 till:19.88 bar:2020 from: 0 till:18.70 bar:2021 from: 0 till:8.80 TextData = fontsize:M textcolor:black pos:(500,30) # tabs:(100-left) text:"Average Grammy Awards Viewership 1977 - present (in millions)


The Grammys and record sales

When the televised Grammys came into renown in 1975, a relationship between Grammy Award winners and subsequent record sales began. However, it was not until after 1984 that Grammy recipients' records showed a substantial increase in sales. This was largely due to an agreement made by NARAS and the National Association of Record Merchandisers (NARM). Under this agreement "record labels provided stickers, posters and other point-of-purchase material emblazoned 'Grammy Nominee' or 'Grammy Award Winner' that retailers could use to improve marketing effects."


See also

* List of Grammy Award winners and nominees by country


Notes and references


External links

*
Grammy Awards winners
at Grammy.com (searchable database)
CBS: Grammys
Official broadcast for Grammys

By Alvin Alexa {{Authority control Grammy Awards, 1958 establishments in the United States American annual television specials American music awards Awards established in 1958 Performing arts trophies Recurring events established in 1958