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Gorj County () is a county (județ) of Romania, in Oltenia, with its capital city at Târgu Jiu.


Demographics

In 2011, it had a population of 334,238 and its population density was 59.66/km2. * Romanians – over 98% * Roma in Romania, Roma, others.


Geography

This county has a total area of 5,602 km2. The North side of the county consists of various mountains from the Southern Carpathians group. In the West there are the Vâlcan Mountains, and in the East there are the Parâng Mountains and the Negoveanu Mountains. The two groups are split by the Jiu River. To the South, the heights decrease through the hills to a high plain at the Western end of the Wallachian Plain. The main river, which collects all the smaller rivers, is the Jiu River.


Neighbours

* Vâlcea County to the east. * Mehedinți County and Caraș-Severin County to the west. * Hunedoara County to the north. * Dolj County to the south.


Economy

The predominant industries in the county are: * Mining equipment industry. * Food and beverages industry. * Textile industry. * Mechanical components industry. * Glass industry. * Wood industry. In the North of the county coal is extracted, near Motru and Rovinari. There are two big thermo electrical power plants at Rovinari Power Station, Rovinari and Turceni Power Station, Turceni, and some hydro-electrical power plants. The county is the biggest electricity producer in Romania, with 36% of the country's electricity. Due to the decrease in mining activity, the county has one of the highest unemployment levels in the country.


Tourism

The main tourist destinations are: * The city and the area around Târgu Jiu: ** The Constantin Brâncuși Sculptural Ensemble of Constantin Brâncuși at Târgu Jiu, sculptural ensemble; ** The Tismana Monastery. * The Parâng Mountains. * The Polovragi Monastery.


Politics

The Gorj County Council, renewed at the 2020 Romanian local elections, 2020 local elections, consists of 32 counsellors, with the following party composition:


Administrative divisions

Gorj County has 2 municipalities, 7 towns and 61 communes *Municipalities **Motru- population: 18,142 (as of 2011) **Târgu Jiu – capital city; population: 78,553 (as of 2011) *Towns **Bumbești-Jiu **Novaci, Gorj, Novaci **Rovinari **Târgu Cărbunești **Țicleni **Tismana **Turceni *Communes **Albeni **Alimpești **Aninoasa, Gorj, Aninoasa **Arcani, Gorj, Arcani **Baia de Fier **Bălănești, Gorj, Bălănești **Bălești, Gorj, Bălești **Bărbătești, Gorj, Bărbătești **Bengești-Ciocadia **Berlești **Bâlteni **Bolboși **Borăscu **Brănești, Gorj, Brănești **Bumbești-Pițic **Bustuchin **Câlnic, Gorj, Câlnic **Căpreni **Cătunele **Ciuperceni, Gorj, Ciuperceni **Crasna, Gorj, Crasna **Crușeț **Dănciulești **Dănești, Gorj, Dănești **Drăgotești, Gorj, Drăgotești **Drăguțești **Fărcășești **Glogova, Gorj, Glogova **Godinești **Hurezani **Ionești, Gorj, Ionești **Jupânești **Lelești **Licurici **Logrești **Mătăsari **Mușetești **Negomir **Padeș **Peștișani **Plopșoru **Polovragi **Prigoria **Roșia de Amaradia **Runcu, Gorj, Runcu **Săcelu **Samarinești **Săulești **Schela, Gorj, Schela **Scoarța **Slivilești **Stănești, Gorj, Stănești **Stejari **Stoina **Țânțăreni, Gorj, Țânțăreni **Telești **Turburea **Turcinești **Urdari **Văgiulești **Vladimir, Gorj, Vladimir


Historical county

Historically, the county was located in the southwestern part of Greater Romania, in the northern part of the historical region of Oltenia. Its capital was Târgu Jiu. The interwar county territory comprised a large part of the current Gorj County. It was bordered to the west by Mehedinți County, to the north by the counties of Hunedoara County, Hunedoara and Sibiu County, Sibiu, to the east by Vâlcea County, and to the south by Dolj County.


Administration

The county was originally divided into four administrative districts (''plasă, plăṣi''):Portretul României Interbelice – Județul Gorj
/ref> #Plasa Gilort, headquartered at Gilortu, Gorj, Gilort #Plasa Jiu, headquartered at Peșteana-Jiu, Gorj, Jiu #Plasa Novaci, headquartered at Novaci, Romania, Novaci #Plasa Vulcana, headquartered at Brădiceni, Gorj, Vulcana Subsequently, two more districts were established:
  1. Plasa Amaradia, headquartered at Hurezani, Gorj, Amaradia
  2. Plasa Ocolu, headquartered at Târgu Jiu, Ocolul


Population

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 206,339 inhabitants, ethnically divided as follows: 97.9% Romanians, 1.7% Romanies, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the population was 99.6% Eastern Orthodox, as well as other minorities.


Urban population

In 1930, the county's urban population was 13,030 inhabitants, comprising 90.0% Romanians, 4.6% Romanies, 1.1% Germans, 0.9% Hungarians, 0.8% Jews, as well as other minorities. From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 95.8% Eastern Orthodox, 2.2% Roman Catholic, 0.8% Jewish, as well as other minorities.


Industry

In the county capital of Târgu Jiu, there was a factory producing roof tiles as of 1931.H. T. Montague Bell, Near East, Limited, 1931, ''The Near East Year Book and Who's who: A Survey of the Affairs, Political, Economic and Social, of Yugoslavia, Roumania, Bulgaria, Greece and Turkey'', p. 559


References


External links

{{Authority control Gorj County, Counties of Romania Geography of Wallachia Place names of Slavic origin in Romania 1879 establishments in Romania 1938 disestablishments in Romania 1940 establishments in Romania 1950 disestablishments in Romania 1968 establishments in Romania States and territories established in 1879 States and territories disestablished in 1938 States and territories established in 1940 States and territories disestablished in 1950 States and territories established in 1968