The Golan Heights Law is the Israeli law
which applies Israel's government and laws to the Golan Heights
. It was ratified by the Knesset
by a vote of 63―21, on December 14, 1981.
[Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs.]
Golan Heights Law
Although the law did not use the term, it was considered by the international community and some members of the Israeli opposition as an "annexation
" of the Golan Heights.
The law was passed half a year after the peace treaty
which included Israeli withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula
In February 2018, the Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu
stated that "the Golan Heights will remain Israel's forever", after his political rival Yair Lapid
called on the international community
to recognize Israeli sovereignty
over the Golan Heights two months earlier. On March 25, 2019, the United States recognized
the Golan Heights as sovereign Israeli territory
while the UN reaffirmed that the "..status of Golan has not changed".
The three broad provisions in the Golan Heights Law are the following:
1. "The Law, jurisdiction and administration of the State will take effect in the Golan Heights, as described in the Schedule."
2. "This Law will begin taking effect on the day of its acceptance in the Knesset."
3. "The Minister of the Interior is placed in-charge of the implementation of this Law, and is entitled, in consultation with the Minister of Justice, to enact regulations for its implementation and to formulate regulations on interim provisions regarding the continued application of regulations, directives, administrative directives, and rights and duties that were in effect in the Golan Heights prior to the acceptance of this Law."
Passed in the Knesset
with a majority of 63 in favour, 21 against.
The law was not recognised internationally
Regions and territories: The Golan Heights
and determined null and void by United Nations Security Council Resolution 497
Security Council Resolutions
[Council on Foreign Relations.]
UN Security Council Resolution 497
On March 25, 2019, the United States recognized
the Golan Heights as sovereign Israeli territory.
Following the U.S. announcement, the UN said that United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres is "clear that the status of Golan has not changed."
Unusually, all three reading
s took place on the same day. This procedure was heavily criticized by the centre-left opposition. Substantially, the law has mainly been criticized for potentially hindering future negotiations with Syria
While the Israeli public at large, and especially the law's critics, viewed it as an annexation
, the law avoids the use of the word. Prime Minister Menachem Begin
responded to Amnon Rubinstein
's criticism by saying, "You use the word 'annexation.' I do not use it," and noting that similar wording was used in a 1967 law authorizing the government to apply Israeli law to any part of the Land of Israel
* United States recognition of the Golan Heights as part of Israel
* International law and the Arab-Israeli conflict
* Jerusalem Law
Category:Politics of Israel
Category:1981 in Israel