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Glenn Edward Greenwald (born March 6, 1967) is an American journalist, author, and former attorney. After graduating from law school in 1994, Greenwald worked as a corporate lawyer, before founding his own civil rights and constitutional law firm in 1996. In the course of nearly a decade of litigation, Greenwald represented a number of controversial clients in First Amendment cases. Greenwald began blogging on national security issues in October 2005, while he was becoming increasingly concerned with what he viewed to be attacks on civil liberties by the George W. Bush Administration in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks. Greenwald initially believed that Bush's decision to invade Iraq would enhance American security. However, he never advocated that belief publicly. In 2005, he became a critic of the Iraq war and has maintained a critical position of American foreign policy in the Middle East and around the world ever since. Greenwald started contributing to ''Salon'' in 2007, and to ''The Guardian'' in 2012. In June 2013, while at ''The Guardian'', he began publishing a series of reports detailing previously unknown information about American and British global surveillance programs based on classified documents provided by Edward Snowden. Along with other reporters, Greenwald won both a George Polk Award and a Pulitzer Prize for the reporting. He has also written best-selling books, including ''No Place to Hide''. In 2014, he, Laura Poitras and Jeremy Scahill, launched ''The Intercept'', for which he was co-founding editor until he resigned in October 2020. Greenwald then moved to Substack, an online newsletter-based journalism platform.

Early life

Greenwald was born in New York City to Arlene and Daniel Greenwald. Greenwald's family moved to Lauderdale Lakes, Florida when he was an infant. His parents are Jewish and they and his grandparents tried to introduce him to Judaism, but he grew up without practicing an organized religion, did not have a bar mitzvah, and has said his "moral precepts aren't informed in any way by religious doctrine". Greenwald attended Nova Middle School and Nova High School in Davie, Florida. He received a BA in philosophy from George Washington University in 1990 and a JD from New York University School of Law in 1994.

Career



Litigation attorney

Greenwald practiced law in the litigation department at Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz from 1994 to 1995. In 1996, he co-founded his own litigation firm, Greenwald Christoph & Holland (later renamed Greenwald Christoph PC), where he litigated cases concerning issues of U.S. constitutional law and civil rights. He worked ''pro bono'' much of the time, and his cases included representing white supremacist Matthew Hale in Illinois and the neo-nazi National Alliance. About his work in First Amendment speech cases, Greenwald told ''Rolling Stone'' magazine in 2013, "to me, it's a heroic attribute to be so committed to a principle that you apply it not when it's easy ... not when it supports your position, not when it protects people you like, but when it defends and protects people that you hate". Later, according to Greenwald, "I decided voluntarily to wind down my practice in 2005 because I could, and because, after ten years, I was bored with litigating full-time and wanted to do other things which I thought were more engaging and could make more of an impact, including political writing."

''Unclaimed Territory'' and ''Salon''

In October 2005, he began his blog ''Unclaimed Territory'' focusing on the investigation pertaining to the Plame affair, the CIA leak grand jury investigation, the federal indictment of Scooter Libby and the NSA warrantless surveillance (2001–07) controversy. In April 2006, the blog received the 2005 Koufax Award for "Best New Blog". According to Sean Wilentz in the ''New Statesman'', Greenwald "seemed to take pride in attacking Republicans and Democrats alike". In February 2007, Greenwald became a contributing writer for the ''Salon'' website, and the new column and blog superseded ''Unclaimed Territory'', although ''Salon'' featured hyperlinks to it in Greenwald's dedicated biographical section. Among the frequent topics of his ''Salon'' articles were the investigation of the 2001 anthrax attacks and the candidacy of former CIA official John O. Brennan for the jobs of either Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (D/CIA) or the next Director of National Intelligence (DNI) after the election of Barack Obama. Brennan withdrew his name from consideration for the post after opposition centered in liberal blogs and led by Greenwald. In a 2010 article for ''Salon'', Greenwald described U.S. Army Private Chelsea Manning as "a whistle-blower acting with the noblest of motives" and "a national hero similar to Daniel Ellsberg". In an article for ''The Raw Story'' published in 2011, Greenwald criticized the prison conditions in which Manning was held after her arrest by military authorities. Greenwald was described by Rachel Maddow during his period writing for ''Salon'' as "the American left’s most fearless political commentator."

''The Guardian''

It was announced in July 2012 that Greenwald was joining the American wing of Britain's ''Guardian'' newspaper, to contribute a weekly column and a daily blog. Greenwald wrote on ''Salon'' that the move offered him "the opportunity to reach a new audience, to further internationalize my readership, and to be re-invigorated by a different environment" as reasons for the move. On June 5, 2013, Greenwald reported on the top-secret United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court order requiring Verizon to provide the National Security Agency with telephone metadata for all calls between the U.S. and abroad, as well as all domestic calls. On October 15, 2013, Greenwald announced, and ''The Guardian'' confirmed, that he was leaving the newspaper to pursue a "once-in-a-career dream journalistic opportunity that no journalist could possibly decline".

First Look Media and ''The Intercept''

Financial backing for ''The Intercept'' was provided by eBay founder Pierre Omidyar. Omidyar told media critic Jay Rosen that the decision was fueled by his "rising concern about press freedoms in the United States and around the world". Greenwald, along with his colleagues Laura Poitras and Jeremy Scahill, initially were working on creating a platform online to support independent journalism, when they were approached by Omidyar who was hoping to establish his own media organization. That news organization, First Look Media, launched its first online publication, ''The Intercept'', on February 10, 2014. Greenwald initially served as editor, alongside Poitras and Scahill. The organization is incorporated as a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt charitable entity. ''The Intercept'' was in contact during the 2016 presidential campaign with Guccifer 2.0, who relayed some of the material about Hillary Clinton, gathered via a data breach, to Greenwald. The Grugq, a counterintelligence specialist, reported in October 2016: "''The Intercept'' was both aware that the e-mails were from Guccifer 2.0, that Guccifer 2.0 has been attributed to Russian intelligence services, and that there is significant public evidence supporting this attribution." According to Simon van Zuylen-Wood writing for ''New York'' magazine in early 2018, Greenwald has "repositioned himself as a bomb-throwing media critic" since the Snowden revelations. By 2019, he was serving as an ''Intercept'' columnist without any control over the site's news reporting. On October 29, 2020, Greenwald resigned from ''The Intercept'', giving his reasons as political censorship and contractual breaches by the editors, who he said had prevented him from reporting on allegations concerning Joe Biden's conduct with regard to China and Ukraine and had demanded that he not publish the article in any other publication. Betsy Reed, the editor-in-chief, disputed Greenwald's accusations and claims of censorship, and accused him of presenting dubious claims by the Trump campaign as journalism. Greenwald said he would begin publishing his work on Substack, and had begun "exploring the possibility of creating a new media outlet." After resigning from ''The Intercept'', Greenwald published his article about Biden and his correspondence with the editors of ''The Intercept'' on his Substack page.

Books

Greenwald's first book, ''How Would a Patriot Act? Defending American Values From a President Run Amok'' was published by Working Assets in 2006. It was a ''New York Times'' bestseller, and ranked No. 1 on Amazon.com, both before its publication (due to orders based on attention from 'UT' readers and other bloggers) and for several days after its release, ending its first week at #293. ''A Tragic Legacy'', his next book, examined the presidency of George W. Bush. Published in hardback by Crown (a division of Random House) on June 26, 2007, and reprinted in a paperback edition by Three Rivers Press on April 8, 2008, it was a ''New York Times'' Best Seller. ''Great American Hypocrites: Toppling the Big Myths of Republican Politics'', was also first published by Random House in April 2008. ''With Liberty and Justice for Some: How the Law Is Used to Destroy Equality and Protect the Powerful'', was released by Metropolitan Books in October 2011 and ''No Place to Hide: Edward Snowden, the NSA, and the U.S. Surveillance State'', was released in May 2014. The latter work spent six weeks on ''The New York Times'' Best Seller list, and was named one of the ten Best Non-Fiction Books of 2014 by ''The Christian Science Monitor''. Greenwald wrote the book ''Securing Democracy: My Fight for Press Freedom and Justice in Brazil'' as a follow up to ''No Place to Hide''. It will be published by Haymarket Books on 6 April 2021. It describes his publication in 2019 of leaked telephone calls, audio and text messages related to Operation Car Wash and the retaliation he received from the Bolsonaro government.

Global surveillance disclosure



Contact with Edward Snowden

Greenwald was initially contacted anonymously in late 2012 by Edward Snowden, a former contractor for the U.S. National Security Agency, who said he held "sensitive documents" that he wished to share. Greenwald found the measures that Snowden asked him to take to secure their communications too annoying to employ. Snowden then contacted documentary filmmaker Laura Poitras about a month later in January 2013. According to ''The Guardian'', Snowden was attracted to Greenwald and Poitras by a ''Salon'' article written by Greenwald detailing how Poitras' films had made her a "target of the government". Greenwald began working with Snowden in either February or in April, after Poitras asked Greenwald to meet her in New York City, at which point Snowden began providing documents to them both. As part of the global surveillance disclosure, the first of Snowden's documents were published on June 5, 2013, in ''The Guardian'' in an article by Greenwald. Greenwald said that Snowden's documents exposed the "scale of domestic surveillance under Obama". The series on which Greenwald worked contributed to ''The Guardian'' (alongside ''The Washington Post'') winning the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service in 2014. Greenwald's work on the Snowden story was featured in the documentary ''Citizenfour'', which won the 2014 Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature. Greenwald appeared on-stage with director Laura Poitras and Snowden's girlfriend, Lindsay Mills, when the Oscar was given. In the 2016 Oliver Stone feature film ''Snowden'', Greenwald was played by actor Zachary Quinto.

Testimony

In a statement delivered before the National Congress of Brazil in early August 2013, Greenwald testified that the U.S. government had used counter-terrorism as a pretext for clandestine surveillance in order to compete with other countries in the "business, industrial and economic fields". On December 18, 2013, Greenwald told the Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs of the European Parliament that "most governments around the world are not only turning their backs on Edward Snowden but also on their ethical responsibilities". Speaking via a video link, Greenwald said that, "It is the UK through their interception of underwater fibre optic cables, that is a primary threat to the privacy of European citizens when it comes to their telephone and emails". In a statement given to the European Parliament, Greenwald said:

2019 Operation Car Wash Telegram chat leaks in Brazil

On June 9, 2019, Greenwald and journalists from investigative journalism magazine ''The Intercept Brasil'' where he was an editor, released several messages exchanged via Telegram between members of the investigation team of Operation Car Wash. The messages implicated members of Brazil's judiciary system and of the Operação Lava-Jato taskforce, including former judge and Minister of Justice Sérgio Moro, and lead prosecutor Deltan Dallagnol, in the violation of legal and ethical procedures during the investigation, trial and arrest of former president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, with the alleged objective of preventing him from running for a third term in the 2018 Brazilian general election, among other crimes. Following the leak, ''Folha de São Paulo'' and ''Veja'' confirmed the authenticity of the messages and worked in partnership with ''The Intercept Brasil'' to sort the remaining material in their possession before releasing it. On July 23, Brazilian Federal Police announced that they had arrested and were investigating Araraquara hacker Walter Delgatti Neto for breaking into the authorities' Telegram accounts. Neto confessed to the hack and to having given copies of the chat logs to Greenwald. Police said the attack had been accomplished by abusing Telegram's phone number verification and exploiting vulnerabilities in voicemail technology in use in Brazil by using a spoofed phone number. ''The Intercept'' neither confirmed nor denied Neto being their source, citing freedom of the press provisions of the 1988 Brazilian Constitution. Greenwald faced death threats and homophobic harassment from Bolsonaro supporters due to his reporting on the Telegram messages. A ''New York Times'' profile by Ernesto Londoño about Greenwald and his husband David Miranda, a left-wing congressman, described how the couple became targets of homophobia from Bolsonaro supporters as a result of the reporting. ''The Washington Post'' reported that Greenwald had been targeted with fiscal investigations by the Bolsonaro government, allegedly as retaliation for the reporting, and AP called Greenwald's reporting "the first test case for a free press" under Bolsonaro. In November 2019, Greenwald wrote in ''The New York Times'' that he was assaulted on air. In reporting on retaliation against Greenwald from the Bolsonaro government and its supporters, ''The Guardian'' said the articles published by Greenwald and ''The Intercept'' "have had an explosive impact on Brazilian politics and dominated headlines for weeks", adding that the exposés "appeared to show prosecutors in the sweeping Operation Car Wash corruption inquiry colluding with Sérgio Moro, the judge who became a hero in Brazil for jailing powerful businessmen, middlemen and politicians." On August 9, after President Bolsonaro threatened to imprison Greenwald for this reporting, Supreme Court justice Gilmar Mendes ruled that any investigation of Greenwald in connection with the reporting would be illegal under the Brazilian constitution, citing press freedom as a "pillar of democracy". In November 2019, Brazilian columnist Augusto Nunes physically attacked Greenwald during a joint appearance on a Brazilian radio program. Immediately prior to the attack, Nunes had argued that a family judge ought to take away Greenwald's adopted children, prompting Greenwald to call him a "coward." Two of Jair Bolsonaro's sons praised Nunes' actions, while former presidential candidate Ciro Gomes defended Greenwald. In January 2020, Greenwald was charged by Brazilian prosecutors with cybercrimes, in a move that Trevor Timm in ''The Guardian'' described as retaliation for his reporting. ''The Canary'' website described the charges as "ominously similar to the indictment of Julian Assange" and quoted Max Blumenthal and Jen Robinson as remarking on the similarity of the two sets of charges. Greenwald received support from ''The New York Times'' which published an editorial stating "Mr. Greenwald's articles did what a free press is supposed to do: They revealed a painful truth about those in power". The Freedom of the Press Foundation made a statement asking the Brazilian government to "halt its persecution of Greenwald". In February 2020, a federal judge dismissed the charges against Greenwald, citing a ruling from Supreme Court justice Gilmar Mendes that shielded him.

Political views



United States



George W. Bush and Barack Obama eras

In his 2006 book ''How a Patriot Would Act?'', Greenwald wrote that he was politically apathetic at the time of the Iraq War and accepted the Bush administration's judgement that "American security really would be enhanced by the invasion of this sovereign country". In 2013, Greenwald added that he did not have a platform or role in politics at the time of the Iraq War and that he "never once wrote in favor of the Iraq War or argued for it in any way, shape or form". Writing in ''The Daily Banter'', Ben Cohen said that Greenwald "can't lecture people who initially supported the Iraq war then turned against it when he did exactly the same thing". Greenwald is critical of actions jointly supported by Democrats and Republicans, writing in 2010: "The worst and most tyrannical government actions in Washington are equally supported on a fully bipartisan basis." In the preface to his first book, ''How Would a Patriot Act?'' (2006), Greenwald described his 'pre-political' self as neither liberal nor conservative as a whole, voting neither for George W. Bush nor for any of his rivals (indeed, not voting at all). Bush's election to the U.S. presidency "changed" Greenwald's previous uninvolved political attitude toward the electoral process "completely", and in 2006 he wrote:
"Over the past five years, a creeping extremism has taken hold of our federal government, and it is threatening to radically alter our system of government and who we are as a nation. This extremism is neither conservative nor liberal in nature, but is instead driven by theories of unlimited presidential power that are wholly alien, and antithetical, to the core political values that have governed this country since its founding"; for, "the fact that this seizure of ever-expanding presidential power is largely justified through endless, rank fear-mongering—fear of terrorists, specifically—means that not only our system of government is radically changing, but so, too, are our national character, our national identity, and what it means to be American."
Believing that "It is incumbent upon all Americans who believe in that system, bequeathed to us by the founders, to defend it when it is under assault and in jeopardy. And today it is", he said: "I did not arrive at these conclusions eagerly or because I was predisposed by any previous partisan viewpoint. Quite the contrary." Resistant to applying ideological labels to himself, he emphasized that he is a strong advocate for U.S. constitutional "balance of powers" and for constitutionally protected civil and political rights in his writings and public appearances. Greenwald frequently writes about the War on Drugs and criminal justice reform. He is a member of the advisory board of the Brazil chapter of Law Enforcement Action Partnership. Greenwald was also the author of a 2009 white paper published by the libertarian ''Cato Institute'' entitled, ''Drug Decriminalization in Portugal: Lessons for Creating Fair and Successful Drug Policies'', exploring the role of drug policy of Portugal. He criticized the policies of the Bush administration and those who supported it, arguing that most of the American "Corporate News Media" excused Bush's policies and echoed the administration's positions rather than asking hard questions. Greenwald accused mainstream U.S. media of "spreading patriotic state propaganda". Regarding civil liberties during the Obama presidency, he elaborated on his conception of change when he said, "I think the only means of true political change will come from people working outside of that wo-party electoralsystem to undermine it, and subvert it, and weaken it, and destroy it; not try to work within it to change it." He raised money for Russ Feingold's 2010 Senate re-election bid, Bill Halter's 2010 primary challenge to Democratic Sen. Blanche Lincoln, as well as several Congressional candidates in 2012 described as "unique". According to Greenwald, the emergence of ISIS is a direct consequence of the Iraq War and NATO-led military intervention in Libya. Greenwald has been critical of U.S. and UK involvement in the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen. He wrote in October 2016: "The atrocities committed by the Saudis would have been impossible without their steadfast, aggressive support."

Donald Trump and Russian election interference

Greenwald has criticized some of the policies of the Trump administration. He said: "I think the Trump White House lies more often. I think it lies more readily. I think it lies more blatantly." During the Trump administration Greenwald became a prominent critic of the Democratic Party, alleging a double standard in their foreign policy. He said that "Democrats didn't care when Obama hugged Saudi despots, and now they pretend to care when Trump embraces Saudi despots or Egyptian ones." Greenwald said that choosing between Trump and "whatever you want to call it. Call it the deep state, call it the national security blob, call it the CIA and the Pentagon", is like choosing between "Bashar al-Assad or al-Qaida or ISIS n Syriaonce the ordinary people of the Syrian revolution got defeated." He expressed skepticism of the James Clapper-led US intelligence community's assessment that Russia's government interfered in the 2016 presidential election. Regardless of the accuracy of the assessment, Greenwald has doubted its significance, stating "This is stuff we do to them, and have done to them for decades, and still continue to do." In December 2018, he said: "I do regard the Mueller indictment as some evidence, not conclusive, but at least some evidence finally that the Russians are involved, but that doesn’t say the extent to which Putin was involved, let alone the extent to which Trump officials are criminally implicated." Greenwald sees Democrats' rhetoric on Russia as a more serious problem, characterizing it as "unhinged". According to Greenwald, "the effect is a constant ratcheting up of tensions between two nuclear-armed powers whose nuclear systems are still on hair-trigger alert and capable of catastrophic responses based on misunderstanding and misperception." Greenwald also wrote that the "East Coast newsmagazines" are "feeding Democrats the often xenophobic, hysterical Russophobia for which they have a seemingly insatiable craving." During a July 2018 panel on "fake news" held by Russian government outlet RT in Moscow and hosted by editor-in-chief Margarita Simonyan, Greenwald argued that the Democrats' focus on Russian interference in the 2016 election is motivated by a need to rationalize Clinton's loss. He told ''The New Yorker'' in August 2018 "'Let’s just get along with the Russians' has been turned into something treasonous". Of Trump, he commented: "Even if he has weird dealings with Russia, I still think it’s in everybody’s interest not to teach an entire new generation of people, becoming interested in politics for the first time, that the Russians are demons." He said that both Trump and Jill Stein were being "vilified for advocating ways to reduce U.S./Russian tensions" and told ''Democracy Now!'' that the Putin–Trump summit in Helsinki in July 2018 was an "excellent idea" because "90 percent of the world’s nuclear weapons are in the hands of two countries—the United States and Russia—and having them speak and get along is much better than having them isolate one another and increase the risk of not just intentional conflict, but misperception and miscommunication". Susan Hennessey, an NSA lawyer at the time of Snowden's NSA revelations, told Marcy Wheeler writing for ''The New Republic'' in January 2018, that Greenwald was only relaying "surface commentary" rather than evidence for or against Russian interference in the 2016 election. Tamsin Shaw wrote in ''The New York Review of Books'' in September 2018: "Greenwald has repeatedly, in the face of overwhelming evidence to the contrary, decried as Russophobia the findings that Putin ordered interference in the 2016 US presidential election". Greenwald remained doubtful of assertions that the Trump presidential campaign worked with the Russians after the release of the letter about the Mueller's findings from attorney general William Barr in late March 2019. He called the investigation "a scam and a fraud from the beginning" in an appearance on ''Democracy Now!''. Greenwald told Tucker Carlson on Fox News: "Let me just say, SNBCshould have their top host on primetime go before the cameras and hang their head in shame and apologize for lying to people for three straight years, exploiting their fears to great profit". He said he is formally banned from appearing on MSNBC, citing confirmations from two unnamed producers for the network, for his criticisms of its coverage of Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election. MSNBC stated it has not barred Greenwald from appearing on its programs. After the release of Special Counsel Robert Mueller's report, on April 22 he wrote that the press continued to report that Trump's campaign conspired with Russia during the 2016 presidential campaign. In January 2020, Greenwald described the various assertions regarding Russian influence on American politics as "At the very best, ... wildly exaggerated hysteria and the kind of jingoistic fear-mongering that’s plagued U.S Politics since the end of WWII".

Israel

Greenwald has criticized the Israeli government, including its foreign policy, influence on U.S. politics and the Israeli occupation of the West Bank. In May 2016, Greenwald condemned ''The New York Times'' for an alleged "cowardice" on Israel, accusing it of "journalistic malfeasance". In an exchange with Greenwald in February 2019, Rep. Ilhan Omar, D-Minn., tweeted, "It's all about the Benjamins baby", suggesting that money rather than principle motivated US politicians' support for Israel. Omar also wrote that the American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) pays US politicians to take pro-Israel stances. Many Democratic and Republican leadersincluding House Speaker Nancy Pelosicondemned the tweet, which they said perpetuated an antisemitic stereotype of Jewish money and influence fueling American politicians' support of Israel. Greenwald defended Omar, saying that "we’re not allowed to talk about ... well-organized and well-financed lobby that ensures a bipartisan consensus in support of U.S. defense of Israel, that the minute that you mention that lobby, you get attacked as being anti-Semitic, which is what happened to Congresswoman Omar."

Julian Assange

In a November 2018 ''Guardian'' article Luke Harding and Dan Collyns cited anonymous sources which stated that Trump's former campaign manager Paul Manafort held secret meetings with WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange inside the Ecuadorian embassy in London in 2013, 2015, and 2016. Greenwald said that if Manafort had entered the Ecuadorian consulate there would be evidence from the surrounding cameras. Greenwald, a former contributor to ''The Guardian'', stated that the paper "has such a pervasive and unprofessionally personal hatred for Julian Assange that it has frequently dispensed with all journalistic standards in order to malign him." Greenwald criticized the government's decision to charge Assange under the Espionage Act of 1917 for his role in the 2010 publication of the Iraq War documents leak. Greenwald wrote in ''The Washington Post'': "The Trump administration has undoubtedly calculated that Assange’s uniquely unpopular status across the political spectrum n the United Statesmakes him the ideal test case for creating a precedent that criminalizes the defining attributes of investigative journalism."


Animal rights


Greenwald is vegan and is known for his reporting on animal welfare. In 2019, he introduced a new video series about animal rights, factory farms, and the agriculture industry. He has worked with Wayne Hsiung and other animal rights activists from Direct Action Everywhere (DxE) to expose gruesome and filthy conditions on turkey farms owned by Norbest in Utah, and the laying of criminal charges against the activists by prosecutors in Sanpete County, Utah. He has reported on the mass culling of pigs in Iowa by means of ventilation shutdown due to falling demand, in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic. His investigations have exposed how the animal agriculture industry routinely engages in "campaigns of surveillance, reputation destruction, and other forms of retaliation against industry critics and animal rights activists" through organizations that represent the industry, such as the Animal Agriculture Alliance.

Jair Bolsonaro

In October 2018, Greenwald said that Bolsonaro was "often depicted wrongly in the Western media as being Brazil's Trump, and he's actually much closer to say Filipino President Duterte or even the Egyptian dictator General el-Sisi in terms of what he believes and what he's probably capable of carrying out." Greenwald said that Bolsonaro could be a "good partner" for President Trump "If you think that the U.S. should go back to kind of the Monroe Doctrine as ational Security AdviserJohn Bolton talked openly about, and ruling Latin America, and U.S. interests". Greenwald has faced death threats and homophobic harassment from Bolsonaro supporters due to his reporting on leaked Telegram messages about Brazil's Operation Car Wash and Bolsonaro's justice minister Sérgio Moro. President Bolsonaro threatened Greenwald with possible imprisonment. The Brazilian Association of Investigative Journalism condemned Bolsonaro's threats. In January 2020, Brazilian federal prosecutors charged Greenwald with cybercrimes, alleging he was part of a "criminal organization" that hacked into the cellphones of prosecutors and other public officials in 2019. Prosecutors said he played a "clear role in facilitating the commission of a crime" by, for example, encouraging hackers to delete archives in order to cover their tracks. Greenwald, who was not detained, called the charges "an obvious attempt to attack a free press in retaliation for the revelations we reported about Minister of Justice Sérgio Moro and the Bolsonaro government." In February 2020, a federal judge dismissed the charges against Greenwald, citing a ruling from Supreme Court justice Gilmar Mendes that shielded him.

Immigration

In 2005, Greenwald criticized illegal immigration, saying that it would result in a "parade of evils". He has since disavowed that belief.

Reception

Greenwald has been placed on numerous "top 50" and "top 25" lists of columnists in the United States. In June 2012, ''Newsweek'' magazine named him one of America's Top Ten Opinionists, saying that "a righteous, controlled, and razor-sharp fury runs through a great deal" of his writing, and: "His independent persuasion can make him a danger or an asset to both sides of the aisle." According to Nate Anderson, writing in ''Ars Technica'' around 2010 or 2011, Aaron Barr of HBGary and Team Themis planned to damage Greenwald's career in response to a potential dump of Bank of America documents by WikiLeaks, saying that "Without the support of people like Glenn WikiLeaks would fold." Josh Voorhees, writing for ''Slate'', reported that in 2013 congressman Peter King (R-NY) suggested Greenwald should be arrested for his reporting on the NSA PRISM program and NSA leaker Edward Snowden. Journalist Andrew Ross Sorkin said "I would arrest /nowiki>Snowden/nowiki> and now I'd almost arrest Glenn Greenwald", but later made an apology for his statement, which Greenwald accepted. Journalist David Gregory accused Greenwald of aiding and abetting Snowden, before asking, "Why shouldn't you, Mr. Greenwald, be charged with a crime?" In a 2013 interview with Martha Raddatz of ABC News, Greenwald said that members of Congress are not being told "the most basic information about what NSA is doing and spying on American citizens and what the FISA court has been doing in terms of declaring some of some of this illegal, some of it legal." Another participant was Rep. Dutch Ruppersberger (D-MD), who at the time was the ranking member of the United States House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence ("House Intelligence Committee"). He responded: "We have rules as far as the committee and what you can have and what you cannot have. However, based on that, that statement I just made, is that since this incident occurred with Snowden, we've had three different hearings for members of our Democratic Caucus, and the Republican Caucus ... what we're trying to do now is to get the American public to know more about what's going on." Rep. King, who was also a guest on ''This Week'' as a ranking member of the House Intelligence Committee, stated: " me it's unprecedented to have all of these top people from an administration during this time of crisis still come in and answer question after question after question. So anyone who says that Congress is somehow being stonewalled is just wrong and he questionis generally, I think, raised by people who are trying to make a name for themselves." In a February 2014 interview, Greenwald said he believed he risked detention if he reentered the U.S., but insisted that he would "force the issue" on principle, and return for the "many reasons" he had to visit, including if he won a prestigious award of which he was rumoured to be the winner. Later that month, it was announced that he was, in fact, among the recipients of the 2013 Polk Awards, to be conferred April 11, 2014 in Manhattan. In a subsequent interview, Greenwald stated he would attend the ceremony, and added: "I absolutely refuse to be exiled from my own country for the crime of doing journalism and I'm going to force the issue just on principle. And I think going back for a ceremony like the Polk Awards or other forms of journalistic awards would be a really good symbolic test of having to put the government in the position of having to arrest journalists who are coming back to the US to receive awards for the journalism they have done." On April 11, Greenwald and Laura Poitras accepted the Polk Award in Manhattan. Their entry into the United States was trouble-free and they traveled with an ACLU attorney and a German journalist "to document any unpleasant surprises". Accepting the award, Greenwald said he was "happy to see a table full of ''Guardian'' editors and journalists, whose role in this story is much more integral than the publicity generally recognizes". On April 14, the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service was awarded jointly to ''The Guardian'' and ''The Washington Post'' for revelation of widespread secret surveillance by the NSA. Greenwald, along with Laura Poitras and Ewen MacAskill, had contributed to ''The Guardian''′s reporting. In 2014, Sean Wilentz in ''The New Republic'', commented that some of Greenwald's opinions are where both meet, the far-left and far-right. In a 2017 article in ''The Independent'', Brian Dean wrote: "Greenwald has been critical of Trump, but is perceived by many as someone who spends far more time criticising 'Dems' and 'liberals' (analysis of his Twitter account tends to give this impression)." Simon van Zuylen-Wood in a 2018 piece for ''New York'' magazine entitled "Does Glenn Greenwald Know More Than Robert Mueller?" described "a new-seeming category of Russia-skeptic firebrands sometimes called the alt-left." In February 2019, Max Boot wrote in ''The Washington Post'': "Indeed, it’s often hard to tell the extremists apart. Anti-vaccine activists come from both the far left and the far right — and while most of those who defend President Trump's dealings with Russia are on the right, some, such as Glenn Greenwald and Stephen F. Cohen, are on the left." In a May 2019 ''Haaretz'' article, Alexander Reid Ross described Tucker Carlson's and Glenn Greenwald's positions as being a "crossover between leftists and the far-right in defense of Syria's Bashar Assad, to dismiss charges of Russian interference in U.S. elections and to boost Russian geopolitics". In November 2019, Tulsi Gabbard’s lawyers sent a letter to Hillary Clinton accusing her of defamation and demanding an apology for comments Clinton had made in October. Greenwald tweeted that "It's way past time that Democrats who recklessly accuse their critics of being Kremlin assets and agents be held accountable for their slander". In response Nancy leTourneau wrote that Greenwald was "one of the far left who is defending Gabbard"."Why Is the Far Left Defending Tulsi Gabbard?"
Nancy leTourneau, Washington Monthly, Nov. 12, 2019]



Personal life


Greenwald lives in Rio de Janeiro, the hometown of his husband, David Miranda, now a Congressman with the left-wing PSOL party. Greenwald said in 2011 that his residence in Brazil was a result of the Defense of Marriage Act, an American law barring federal recognition of same-sex marriages that was overturned by the U.S. Supreme Court two years later. The law had prevented his partner from receiving a visa to reside with him in the United States. In 2017, Greenwald and Miranda announced that they had adopted two children, siblings, from Maceió, a city in Northeastern Brazil. Greenwald and Miranda have 24 rescue dogs. In March 2017, Greenwald announced plans to build a shelter with Miranda for stray pets in Brazil that would be staffed by homeless people. In March 2018, Greenwald tweeted videos showing the shelter as operational with dozens of pets and "previously homeless employees." Greenwald and Miranda were close personal friends of Brazilian human rights advocate and councilwoman Marielle Franco, known for criticism of police tactics, who was fatally shot while in her car by unknown assailants. A ''New York Times'' profile about Greenwald and Miranda described how the couple, as a result of Greenwald's reporting on high-level Bolsonaro officials and Miranda's outspoken opposition in Congress, have become primary targets for the Bolsonaro administration. Greenwald does not participate in any organized religion. He has said he believes in "the spiritual and mystical part of the world" and that yoga is "like a bridge into that, like a window into it." Greenwald has also been critical of the New Atheist movement, in particular, Sam Harris and others critical of Islam.

Awards

Greenwald received, together with Amy Goodman, the first Izzy Award for special achievement in independent media, in 2009, and the 2010 Online Journalism Award for Best Commentary for his investigative work on the conditions of Chelsea Manning. His reporting on the National Security Agency (NSA) won numerous other awards around the world, including top investigative journalism prizes from the George Polk Award for National Security Reporting, the 2013 Online Journalism Awards, the Esso Award for Excellence in Reporting in Brazil for his articles in ''O Globo'' on NSA mass surveillance of Brazilians (becoming the first foreigner to win the award), the 2013 Libertad de Expresion Internacional award from Argentinian magazine ''Perfil'', and the 2013 Pioneer Award from the Electronic Frontier Foundation. The team that Greenwald led at ''The Guardian'' was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service for their reporting on the NSA. Foreign Policy Magazine then named him one of the top 100 Global Thinkers of 2013. In 2014 Greenwald received the Geschwister-Scholl-Preis, an annual German literary award, for the German edition of ''No Place to Hide''. Greenwald was also named the 2014 recipient of th
McGill Medal for Journalistic Courage
from the Grady College of Journalism and Mass Communication of the University of Georgia.

Books

* 2021 ''Securing Democracy: My Fight for Press Freedom and Justice in Bolsonaro’s Brazil''. Haymarket Books; * 2014 ''No Place to Hide: Edward Snowden, the NSA, and the U.S. Surveillance State''. Metropolitan Books (Div. of Henry Holt and Company); (10); (13). * 2011 ''With Liberty and Justice for Some: How the Law Is Used to Destroy Equality and Protect the Powerful''. Metropolitan Books (Div. of Henry Holt and Company); (10). (13). * 2008 ''Great American Hypocrites: Toppling the Big Myths of Republican Politics''. New York: Random House, (10); (13). (Also available as an E-book.) * 2007 ''A Tragic Legacy: How a Good vs. Evil Mentality Destroyed the Bush Presidency''. New York: Crown (Div. of Random House) (10); (13). (Hardback ed.) Three Rivers Press, 2008; (10); (13). (Paperback ed.) * 2006 ''How Would a Patriot Act? Defending American Values From a President Run Amok''. San Francisco: Working Assets (Distrib. by Publishers Group West); (10); (13).

References



Further reading

* * * *
"Glenn Greenwald Exposes Frank Gaffney"
''Crooks and Liars'', February 16, 2007. ncludes_3-part_[[MP3_clip_of_radio_interview_broadcast_on_the_''[[Alan_Colmes_Show.html" style="text-decoration: none;"class="mw-redirect" title="MP3.html" style="text-decoration: none;"class="mw-redirect" title="ncludes 3-part [[MP3">ncludes 3-part [[MP3 clip of radio interview broadcast on the ''[[Alan Colmes Show">MP3.html" style="text-decoration: none;"class="mw-redirect" title="ncludes 3-part [[MP3">ncludes 3-part [[MP3 clip of radio interview broadcast on the ''[[Alan Colmes Show'', on [[Fox News Radio, during which Greenwald debates [[Frank Gaffney.]
"Glenn Greenwald on Joe Klein, Dave Tomlin on Bilal Hussein"
''CounterSpin'', November 30, 2007 – December 6, 2007. Accessed December 12, 2008. MP3 clips hosted on ''Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting'' (FAIR). * Bernstein, Fred A.
"Glenn Greenwald: Life Beyond Borders"
''Out magazine'', April 19, 2011; accessed April 20, 2011. * Goodman, Amy
"Great American Hypocrites: Glenn Greenwald on the Corporate Media's Failures in the 2008 Race
''Democracy Now!'', Pacifica Radio, April 18, 2008; accessed December 12, 2008. ("We speak with Glenn Greenwald, author of ''Great American Hypocrites: Toppling the Big Myths of Republican Politics''. ncludes rush transcript") * Goodman, Amy
"Obama Adviser Cass Sunstein Debates Glenn Greenwald"
''Democracy Now!'', Pacifica Radio, July 22, 2008; accessed December 13, 2008 (includes rush transcript). * Greenwald, Glenn
"Book Forum: A Tragic Legacy: How a Good vs. Evil Mentality Destroyed the Bush Presidency"
''Cato Institute'', August 7, 2007. anel discussion featuring Greenwald, "with comments by Lee Casey, Partner, [[Baker Hostetler." (Hyperlinked MP3 [[podcast and [[RealVideo formats.)] * Greenwald, Glenn
"Media: Glenn Greenwald at YearlyKos"
''Salon.com'', August 7, 2007; accessed December 13, 2008. ideo segment from Glenn Greenwald's panel at [[YearlyKos 2007, "where he stresses the continued need for adversarial, skeptical reporting." ("VideoDog" format.)] * [[Nico Pitney|Pitney, Nico
"A Secure America: Video: Glenn Greenwald Debates Spying Program On C-Span"
Online posting of clip of program broadcast on C-SPAN, February 6, 2006. ThinkProgress.com, February 6, 2006; accessed December 12, 2008. reenwald_debates_[[University_of_Virginia_law_professor_Robert_Turner..html" style="text-decoration: none;"class="mw-redirect" title="University of Virginia">reenwald debates University_of_Virginia">reenwald_debates_[[University_of_Virginia_law_professor_Robert_Turner.*_[[Ken_Silverstein.html" style="text-decoration: none;"class="mw-redirect" title="University of Virginia law professor Robert Turner.">University of Virginia">reenwald debates [[University of Virginia law professor Robert Turner.* [[Ken Silverstein">Silverstein, Ken
"Six Questions for Glenn Greenwald on Campaign Coverage"
''[[Harper's Magazine'', February 21, 2008; accessed December 12, 2008. * Singal, Jesse, and Glenn Greenwald
"On Terrorism, Civil Rights, and Building a Blog"
''Campus Progress'', September 17, 2007; accessed December 12, 2008. nterview.* Greenwald, Glenn
"Civil liberties under Obama"
''International Socialist Organization'', July 3, 2011; accessed July 7, 2011. ideo.

External links

* *
Substack
– Greenwald's current journalism venture (as of October 29, 2020)
''The Intercept''
(February 2014 – October 2020)
"Glenn Greenwald"
– previous column at ''The Guardian''
"Glenn Greenwald"
– previous column and blog hosted on ''Salon.com''
''Unclaimed Territory''
– previous personal blog hosted on ''Blogspot.com''
Glenn Greenwald appearances
on ''Democracy Now!'' * * * {{DEFAULTSORT:Greenwald, Glenn Category:1967 births Category:Living people Category:20th-century American lawyers Category:21st-century American journalists Category:21st-century American lawyers Category:21st-century American male writers Category:21st-century American non-fiction writers Category:Activists from Florida Category:American columnists Category:American expatriates in Brazil Category:American foreign policy writers Category:American historians of espionage Category:American male bloggers Category:American bloggers Category:American male journalists Category:American male non-fiction writers Category:American media critics Category:American online journalists Category:American political journalists Category:American political writers Category:Critics of neoconservatism Category:Drug policy reform activists Category:Free speech activists Category:Gay men Category:Gay writers Category:George Polk Award recipients Category:Columbian College of Arts and Sciences alumni Category:Jewish American writers Category:Journalists from New York City Category:LGBT Jews Category:LGBT journalists from the United States Category:LGBT lawyers Category:LGBT people from Florida Category:LGBT people from New York (state) Category:LGBT writers from the United States Category:New York (state) lawyers Category:New York University School of Law alumni Category:Non-interventionism Category:Nova High School alumni Category:Opinion journalists Category:People from Fort Lauderdale, Florida Category:Salon (website) people Category:Writers from New York City Category:The Guardian journalists Category:George Washington University alumni Category:Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & Katz people