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Ghent ( ;
Dutch Dutch commonly refers to: * Something of, from, or related to the Netherlands * Dutch people () * Dutch language () *Dutch language , spoken in Belgium (also referred as ''flemish'') Dutch may also refer to:" Castle * Dutch Castle Places * ...
: ''Gent'' ;
French
French
: ''Gand'' ; traditional English: Gaunt) is a city and a
municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, ...
in the
Flemish Region The Flemish Region ( nl, Vlaams Gewest, ; french: Région flamande; german: Flämische Region), usually simply referred to as Flanders Flanders (, ; Dutch Dutch commonly refers to: * Something of, from, or related to the Netherlands * Dut ...
of
Belgium Belgium ( nl, België ; french: Belgique ; german: Belgien ), officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe Western Europe is the western region of Europe. The region's countries and territories vary depending on cont ...

Belgium
. It is the capital and largest city of the
East Flanders , native_name_lang = , settlement_type = Province of Belgium , image_flag = Flag of Oost-Vlaanderen.svg , flag_size = , image_shield = Wapen van Oos ...
province, and the third largest in the country, exceeded in size only by
Brussels Brussels (french: Bruxelles or ; nl, Brussel ), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (french: link=no, Région de Bruxelles-Capitale; nl, link=no, Brusse ...

Brussels
and
Antwerp Antwerp (; nl, Antwerpen ; french: Anvers ) is a city in Belgium and the capital of Antwerp (province), Antwerp province in the Flemish Region. With a population of 520,504,
Antwerp
. It is a
port A port is a maritime law, maritime facility comprising one or more Wharf, wharves or loading areas, where ships load and discharge Affreightment, cargo and passengers. Although usually situated on a sea coast or estuary, ports can a ...
and
university A university () is an educational institution, institution of higher education, higher (or Tertiary education, tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in several Discipline (academia), academic disciplines. Universities typ ...

university
city. The city originally started as a settlement at the confluence of the Rivers
Scheldt The Scheldt ( ; french: Escaut ; wa, Escô; nl, Schelde ) is a river that flows through northern France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a country primarily located in Western Eur ...

Scheldt
and
Leie The Lys () or Leie () is a river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases, a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course ...

Leie
and in the
Late Middle Ages The Late Middle Ages or Late Medieval Period was the period Period may refer to: Common uses * Era, a length or span of time * Full stop (or period), a punctuation mark Arts, entertainment, and media * Period (music), a concept in musical comp ...
became one of the largest and richest cities of northern Europe, with some 50,000 people in 1300. The municipality comprises the city of Ghent proper and the surrounding suburbs of
Afsnee Afsnee is a village in the Belgian province of East-Flanders. It is part of the urban area of the province's capital city Ghent. Its population is 1,445 (2007). It is situated at the banks of the river Lys River, Lys. Maurice and Anna De Weert bou ...
,
Desteldonk Desteldonk is a parish in the municipality of Ghent Ghent ( ; Dutch language, Dutch: ''Gent'' ; French language, French: ''Gand'' ; traditional English: Gaunt) is a city and a Municipalities of Belgium, municipality in the Flemish Region of Bel ...
,
Drongen Drongen ( French: ''Tronchiennes'') is a district within the city of Ghent Ghent ( ; nl, Gent}, ; french: Gand, ; traditional English: Gaunt) is a city and a municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division having ...
,
Gentbrugge Gentbrugge is one of 25 districts ("wijken") of the city of Ghent Ghent ( ; : ''Gent'' ; : ''Gand'' ; traditional English: Gaunt) is a city and a in the of . It is the capital and largest city of the province, and the third largest in the ...
,
Ledeberg Ledeberg is a submunicipality of the city of Ghent Ghent ( ; : ''Gent'' ; : ''Gand'' ; traditional English: Gaunt) is a city and a in the of . It is the capital and largest city of the province, and the third largest in the country, exceed ...
, Mariakerke,
Mendonk Mendonk is a village in the Belgian Province of East-Flanders, a part of the urban area of the province's capital city Ghent. It is situated near the canal that connects the cities of Ghent and Terneuzen, which puts Mendonk in the middle of an ind ...
,
Oostakker Oostakker (), formerly spelled Oostacker, is one of the smaller former municipalities which were merged into Ghent (from which it is only two miles), the capital of the Belgian province of East Flanders. The hamlet is mainly known for the Shrine of ...
,
Sint-Amandsberg Sint-Amandsberg is a sub-municipality of Ghent, Belgium. The municipality was formed in 1872 after splitting from Oostakker. It is served by the Bus and train station of Gent-Dampoort railway station, Gent Dampoort on the Ghent Antwerp NMBS/SNC ...

Sint-Amandsberg
,
Sint-Denijs-Westrem Sint-Denijs-Westrem is a village in the Belgium, Belgian province of East Flanders. It is part of the city of Ghent, lying to the southwest of the city center, between Sint-Martens-Latem, De Pinte, Zwijnaarde and Afsnee. History Sint-Denijs-Westr ...
,
Sint-Kruis-Winkel Sint-Kruis-Winkel is a sub-municipality of Ghent, Belgium. Image:SintKruisWinkeldorp.JPG, 250px, left, A street in Sint-Kruis-Winkel. External links

Sub-municipalities of Ghent Populated places in East Flanders {{EastFlanders-geo-stub ...
,
Wondelgem Wondelgem used to be a village in East Flanders, Belgium. It is now part of the city of Ghent. History In the 9th century the Carolingian emperors owned a large estate in Wondelgem. Ghent has a total population of about 230,000, of which about 12,4 ...
and
Zwijnaarde Zwijnaarde is a village in the municipality of Ghent, Belgium. It is known for its fair and its ''Zwijntjes'' beer. A cluster of biotech companies is located at the Zwijnaarde science park, with biotech companies such as Innogenetics, and DevGen. I ...

Zwijnaarde
. With 262,219 inhabitants at the beginning of 2019, Ghent is Belgium's second largest municipality by number of inhabitants. The
metropolitan area A metropolitan area or metro is a region consisting of a densely populated urban core Urban means "related to a city". In that sense, the term may refer to: * Urban area, geographical area distinct from rural areas * Urban culture, the cul ...
, including the outer commuter zone, covers an area of and has a total population of 560,522 as of 1 January 2018, which ranks it as the fourth most populous in Belgium.Statistics Belgium; ''Werkelijke bevolking per gemeente op 1 januari 2008'' (excel-file)
Population of all municipalities in Belgium, as of 1 January 2008. Retrieved on 2008-10-19.
Statistics Belgium; ''De Belgische Stadsgewesten 2001'' (pdf-file)
Definitions of metropolitan areas in Belgium. The metropolitan area of Ghent is divided into three levels. First, the central agglomeration (''agglomeratie'') with 278,457 inhabitants (1 January 2008). Adding the closest surroundings (''banlieue'') gives a total of 455,302. And, including the outer commuter zone (''forensenwoonzone'') the population is 594,582. Retrieved on 2008-10-19.
The current mayor of Ghent,
Mathias De Clercq Mathias Toon Cecil Willy De Clercq, Jonkheer, esq. (born 26 December 1981, Ghent) is a Belgian politician. He is a member of the Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats, Flemish liberal party. At the moment he is the List of mayors of Ghent, mayor of ...
is from the liberal & democratic party
Open VLD The Open Flemish Liberals and Democrats (, ; Open Vld) is a Flemish conservative-liberal political party in Belgium. The party was created in 1992 from the former Party for Freedom and Progress (PVV) and politicians from other parties. The p ...

Open VLD
. The ten-day-long Ghent Festival ('' Gentse Feesten'' in Dutch) is held every year and attended by about 1–1.5 million visitors.


History

Archaeological evidence shows human presence in the region of the confluence of Scheldt and Leie going back as far as the
Stone Age The Stone Age was a broad prehistoric Prehistory, also known as pre-literary history, is the period of human history Human history, also known as world history, is the description of humanity's past. It is informed by archaeology ...

Stone Age
and the
Iron Age The Iron Age is the final epoch of the three-age division of the prehistory Prehistory, also known as pre-literary history, is the period of human history Human history, or world history, is the narrative of Human, humanity's pa ...
. Most historians believe that the older name for Ghent, 'Ganda', is derived from the
Celtic The words Celt and Celtic (also Keltic) may refer to: Ethno-linguistics *Celts The Celts (, see pronunciation of ''Celt'' for different usages) are. "CELTS location: Greater Europe time period: Second millennium B.C.E. to present ancestry: ...

Celtic
word ''ganda'' which means
confluence In geography Geography (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is ...

confluence
. Other sources connect its name with an obscure deity named
GontiaGontia () was a Celtic polytheism, Celtic goddess. She was the tutelary deity of the river Günz, near Günzburg in Germany. She is known from an inscription on a Roman-era altar at Günzburg ( la, Guntia) that reads ''Gontiae / sac(rum) / G(aius!) I ...
. There are no written records of the
Roman Roman or Romans most often refers to: *, the capital city of Italy *, Roman civilization from 8th century BC to 5th century AD *, the people of ancient Rome *', shortened to ''Romans'', a letter in the New Testament of the Christian Bible Roman ...
period, but archaeological research confirms that the region of Ghent was further inhabited. When the
Franks The Franks ( la, Franci or ) were a group of whose name was first mentioned in 3rd-century Roman sources, and associated with tribes between the and the , on the edge of the . Later the term was associated with Germanic dynasties within the ...

Franks
invaded the Roman territories from the end of the 4th century and well into the 5th century, they brought their language with them, and Celtic and Latin were replaced by
Old Dutch In linguistics, Old Dutch or Old Low Franconian is the set of Franconian dialects (i.e. dialects that evolved from Frankish Frankish may refer to: * Franks The Franks ( la, Franci or ) were a group of Germanic peoples The historical ...

Old Dutch
.


Middle Ages

Around 650,
Saint Amand Amandus ( 584 – 679), commonly called Saint Amand, was a bishop of Tongeren-Maastricht and one of the great Christian Christians () are people who follow or adhere to Christianity, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion based on the life and ...
founded two
abbey An abbey is a type of monastery A monastery is a building or complex of buildings comprising the domestic quarters and workplaces of monastics, monk A monk (, from el, μοναχός, ''monachos'', "single, solitary" via Latin L ...

abbey
s in Ghent: St. Peter's ( Blandinium) and Saint Bavo's Abbey. Around 800,
Louis the Pious Louis the Pious (16 April 778 – 20 June 840), also called the Fair, and the Debonaire, was King of the Franks The Franks The Franks ( la, Franci or ) were a group of Germanic peoples whose name was first mentioned in 3rd-century Ro ...

Louis the Pious
, son of
Charlemagne Charlemagne ( , ) or Charles the Great ( la, Carolus Magnus; 2 April 748 – 28 January 814) was King of the Franks The Franks—Germanic-speaking peoples that invaded the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century—were first led by i ...

Charlemagne
, appointed
Einhard Einhard (also Eginhard or Einhart; la, E(g)inhardus; 775 – March 14, 840) was a Franks, Frankish scholar and courtier. Einhard was a dedicated servant of Charlemagne and his son Louis the Pious; his main work is a biography of Charlemagne, the ...

Einhard
, the biographer of Charlemagne, as abbot of both abbeys. The city grew from several nuclei, the abbeys, and a commercial centre. However, both in 851 and 879, the city was plundered by the
Viking Vikings—"pirate", non, víkingr is the modern name given to seafaring people primarily from Scandinavia Scandinavia; : ''Skadesi-suolu''/''Skađsuâl''. ( ) is a in , with strong historical, cultural, and linguistic ties. In ...

Viking
s. Within the protection of the
County of Flanders The County of Flanders ( nl, Graafschap Vlaanderen; vls, Groafschap Vloandern; french: Comté de Flandre) was a historic territory in the Low Countries The term Low Countries, also known as the Low Lands ( nl, de Lage Landen, french: les Pays- ...
, the city recovered and flourished from the 11th century, growing to become a small
city-state A city-state is an independent sovereign Sovereign is a title which can be applied to the highest leader in various categories. The word is borrowed from Old French Old French (, , ; Modern French French ( or ) is a Romance la ...
. By the 13th century, Ghent was the biggest city in Europe north of the Alps after
Paris Paris () is the Capital city, capital and List of communes in France with over 20,000 inhabitants, most populous city of France, with an estimated population of 2,175,601 residents , in an area of more than . Since the 17th century, Paris ha ...

Paris
; it was bigger than
Cologne Cologne ( ; german: Köln ; ksh, Kölle ) is the largest city of Germany, Germany's most populous States of Germany, state of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) and the List of cities in Germany by population, fourth-most populous city and one of t ...

Cologne
or
Moscow Moscow ( , American English, US chiefly ; rus, links=no, Москва, r=Moskva, p=mɐˈskva, a=Москва.ogg) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities and towns in Russia by population, largest city of Russia. The city stands on the ...

Moscow
. Within the city walls lived up to 65,000 people. The
belfryBelfry may refer to: In architecture * Belfry (architecture), a structure enclosing bells * Bell tower ** Bell tower (wat), a Thai architectural structure * Belfry, a type of medieval siege tower * Belfries of Belgium and France, a UNESCO World He ...

belfry
and the towers of the
Saint Bavo Cathedral The Saint Bavo Cathedral (also known as Sint-Baafs Cathedral, or in Dutch Sint Baafskathedraal) is an 89-meter-tall Catholic, Gothic architecture, Gothic cathedral in Ghent, Belgium. It is the seat of the diocese of Ghent, is named for Bavo of Ghe ...
and Saint Nicholas' Church are just a few examples of the skyline of the period. The rivers flowed in an area where much land was periodically flooded. These rich grass 'meersen' ("
water-meadows A water-meadow (also water meadow or watermeadow) is an area of grassland subject to controlled irrigation to increase agricultural productivity. Water-meadows were mainly used in Europe from the 16th to the early 20th centuries. Working water-mea ...
": a word related to the English '
marsh A marsh is a wetland A wetland is a distinct ecosystem that is flooded by water, either permanently (for years or decades) or seasonally (for weeks or months). Flooding results in oxygen-free (Anoxic waters, anoxic) processes prevail ...

marsh
') were ideally suited for herding sheep, the wool of which was used for making cloth. Ghent was the leading city for
cloth A textile is a flexible material made by creating an interlocking bundle of yarn Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibre Fiber or fibre (from la, fibra, links=no) is a natural Nature, in the broadest sense, ...

cloth
during the Middle Ages. The , originally established at
Bruges Bruges ( , nl, Brugge ; ; german: Brügge ) is the capital and largest city of the Provinces of Belgium, province of West Flanders in the Flemish Region of Belgium, in the northwest of the country, and the seventh-largest city of the country b ...

Bruges
, created the first European industrialized zone in Ghent in the High
Middle Ages In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection, the study, organization and presentation and the interpretation of past events and affairs of the people of Europe since the beginning of ...
. The mercantile zone was so highly developed that wool had to be imported from
Scotland Scotland ( sco, Scotland, gd, Alba Alba (Scottish Gaelic Scottish Gaelic ( gd, Gàidhlig or Scots Gaelic, sometimes referred to simply as Gaelic) is a Goidelic language (in the Celtic languages, Celtic branch of the Indo-European ...

Scotland
and England. This was one of the reasons for Flanders' good relationship with
Scotland Scotland ( sco, Scotland, gd, Alba Alba (Scottish Gaelic Scottish Gaelic ( gd, Gàidhlig or Scots Gaelic, sometimes referred to simply as Gaelic) is a Goidelic language (in the Celtic languages, Celtic branch of the Indo-European ...
and
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...
. Ghent was the birthplace of
John of Gaunt John of Gaunt (6 March 1340 – 3 February 1399) was an English prince, military leader, and statesman. He was the third of the five sons of King Edward III of England Edward III (13 November 1312 – 21 June 1377), also known as Edwar ...
, Duke of
LancasterLancaster may refer to: Lands and titles *The County Palatine of Lancaster, a synonym for Lancashire *Duchy of Lancaster, one of only two British royal duchies *Duke of Lancaster *Earl of Lancaster *House of Lancaster, a British royal dynasty ...
. Trade with England (but not Scotland) suffered significantly during the
Hundred Years' War The Hundred Years’ War (french: link=yes, La guerre de Cent Ans; 1337–1453) was a series of armed conflicts between the kingdoms of and during the . It originated from disputed claims to the between the English and the French roy ...
.


Early modern period

The city recovered in the 15th century when Flanders was united with neighbouring provinces under the
Dukes of Burgundy Duke of Burgundy (french: duc de Bourgogne) was a title used by the rulers of the Duchy of Burgundy, from its establishment in 843 to its annexation by France in 1477, and later by Habsburg Netherlands, Habsburg sovereigns of the Low Countries (1 ...

Dukes of Burgundy
. High taxes led to a rebellion and eventually the Battle of Gavere in 1453, in which Ghent suffered a terrible defeat at the hands of
Philip the Good Philip III (french: Philippe le Bon; nl, Filips de Goede; 31 July 1396 – 15 June 1467) was Duke of Burgundy Duke of Burgundy (french: duc de Bourgogne) was a title used by the rulers of the Duchy of Burgundy The Duchy of Burgundy (; la, ...

Philip the Good
. Around this time the centre of political and social importance in the Low Countries started to shift from Flanders (Bruges–Ghent) to
BrabantBrabant is a traditional geographical region (or regions) in the Low Countries of Europe. It may refer to: Place names in Europe Belgium * Province of Brabant, which in 1995 was split up into two provinces and an autonomous region: ** Flemish Braba ...
(
Antwerp Antwerp (; nl, Antwerpen ; french: Anvers ) is a city in Belgium and the capital of Antwerp (province), Antwerp province in the Flemish Region. With a population of 520,504,
Antwerp
Brussels Brussels (french: Bruxelles or ; nl, Brussel ), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (french: link=no, Région de Bruxelles-Capitale; nl, link=no, Brusse ...

Brussels
), although Ghent continued to play an important role. With Bruges, the city led two revolts against Maximilian of Austria, the first monarch of the
House of Habsburg The House of Habsburg (), alternatively spelled Hapsburg in English (german: Haus Habsburg ; es, Casa de Habsburgo ; hu, Habsburg-család), also known as the House of Austria (german: link=no, Haus Österreich; es, link=no, Casa de Austria), ...
to rule
Flanders Flanders (, ; Dutch Dutch commonly refers to: * Something of, from, or related to the Netherlands * Dutch people () * Dutch language () *Dutch language , spoken in Belgium (also referred as ''flemish'') Dutch may also refer to:" Castle * ...

Flanders
. In 1500,
Juana of Castile Joanna I (6 November 1479 – 12 April 1555), known historically as Joanna the Mad ( es, link=no, Juana la Loca), was Queen of Castile from 1504 and Queen of Aragon from 1516 to 1555. Modern Spain evolved from the union of these two kingdoms. J ...
gave birth to
Charles VCharles V may refer to: * Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, german: Karl V, it, Carlo V, nl, Karel V, la, Carolus V (24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was Holy Roman Emperor The Holy Roman Emperor, originally and offici ...

Charles V
, who became
Holy Roman Emperor The Holy Roman Emperor, originally and officially the Emperor of the Romans ( la, Imperator The Latin word "imperator" derives from the stem of the verb la, imperare, label=none, meaning 'to order, to command'. It was originally employed as ...
and King of
Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map = , map_caption = , image_map2 ...
. Although native to Ghent, he punished the city after the 1539 Revolt of Ghent and obliged the city's nobles to walk in front of the Emperor barefoot with a noose (Dutch: ''"strop"'') around the neck; since this incident, the people of Ghent have been called "''Stroppendragers''" (noose bearers). Saint Bavo Abbey (not to be confused with the nearby Saint Bavo Cathedral) was abolished, torn down, and replaced with a fortress for Royal Spanish troops. Only a small portion of the abbey was spared demolition. The late 16th and 17th centuries brought devastation because of the
Eighty Years' War The Eighty Years' War ( nl, Tachtigjarige Oorlog; es, Guerra de los Ochenta Años) or Dutch War of Independence (1568–1648) was a Dutch Revolt, revolt of the Seventeen Provinces of what are today the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg a ...
. The war ended the role of Ghent as a centre of international importance. In 1745, the city was captured by French forces during the
War of the Austrian Succession The War of the Austrian Succession () was the last Great Power conflict with the House of Bourbon, Bourbon-Habsburg Monarchy, Habsburg dynastic conflict at its heart. It occurred from 1740 to 1748 and marked the rise of Kingdom of Prussia, Prus ...
before being returned to the
Empire of Austria The Austrian Empire (german: Kaiserthum Oesterreich, modern spelling ') was a Central European multinational state, multinational great power from 1804 to 1867, created by proclamation out of the Habsburg Monarchy, realms of the Habsburgs. Dur ...

Empire of Austria
under the
House of Habsburg The House of Habsburg (), alternatively spelled Hapsburg in English (german: Haus Habsburg ; es, Casa de Habsburgo ; hu, Habsburg-család), also known as the House of Austria (german: link=no, Haus Österreich; es, link=no, Casa de Austria), ...
following the
Treaty of Aix-la-ChapelleThere were three Treaties of Aix-la-Chapelle. Although "Aix-la-Chapelle", the French name of the German city of Aachen, is an exonym now rarely used in English, the name Treaty of Aachen is rarely used. *Pax Nicephori, also sometimes called Treaty of ...
in 1748, when this part of
Flanders Flanders (, ; Dutch Dutch commonly refers to: * Something of, from, or related to the Netherlands * Dutch people () * Dutch language () *Dutch language , spoken in Belgium (also referred as ''flemish'') Dutch may also refer to:" Castle * ...

Flanders
became known as the
Austrian Netherlands The Austrian Netherlands nl, Oostenrijkse Nederlanden; french: Pays-Bas Autrichiens; german: Österreichische Niederlande; la, Belgium Austriacum. was the larger part of the Southern Netherlands The Southern Netherlands, also called the Cat ...
until 1815, the exile of the French Emperor
Napoleon I Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader. He rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led Napoleon Bonaparte's battle record, several successful campaigns during the French Rev ...

Napoleon I
, the end of the French Revolutionary and later
Napoleonic Wars The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major World war, global conflicts pitting the First French Empire, French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon, Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of Coalition forces of the Napoleonic W ...
and the peace treaties arrived at by the
Congress of Vienna The Congress of Vienna (, ) of 1814–1815 was an international diplomatic conference to reconstitute the European political order after the downfall of the French Emperor Napoleon I Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) w ...

Congress of Vienna
.


19th century

In the 18th and 19th centuries, Ghent's textile industry flourished again. , having smuggled the
industrial Industrial may also refer to: Industry * Industrial archaeology, the study of the history of the industry * Industrial engineering, engineering dealing with the optimization of complex industrial processes or systems * Industrial loan company, a f ...
and factory machine plans out of
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...

England
, introduced the first mechanical weaving machine on the
European continent Continental Europe or mainland Europe is the contiguous continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, up to seven geographical regions ...
in 1800. The
Treaty of Ghent The Treaty of Ghent () was the peace treaty that ended the War of 1812 The War of 1812 (18 June 1812 – 17 February 1815) was a conflict fought by the United States of America and its Indigenous peoples of the Americas, indigenous allies agai ...
, negotiated here and adopted on Christmas Eve 1814, formally ended the
War of 1812 The War of 1812 (18 June 1812 – 17 February 1815) was a conflict fought by the United States of America The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country in . It ...
between
Great Britain Great Britain is an island An island (or isle) is an isolated piece of habitat that is surrounded by a dramatically different habitat, such as water. Very small islands such as emergent land features on atoll An atoll (), ...

Great Britain
and the
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...

United States
(the North American phase of the
Napoleonic Wars The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major World war, global conflicts pitting the First French Empire, French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon, Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of Coalition forces of the Napoleonic W ...
). After the
Battle of Waterloo The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815, near Waterloo Waterloo most commonly refers to: * Battle of Waterloo, a battle on 18 June 1815 in which Napoleon met his final defeat :* Waterloo, Belgium, a municipality in Belgium fr ...

Battle of Waterloo
, Ghent and
Flanders Flanders (, ; Dutch Dutch commonly refers to: * Something of, from, or related to the Netherlands * Dutch people () * Dutch language () *Dutch language , spoken in Belgium (also referred as ''flemish'') Dutch may also refer to:" Castle * ...

Flanders
, previously ruled from the
House of Habsburg The House of Habsburg (), alternatively spelled Hapsburg in English (german: Haus Habsburg ; es, Casa de Habsburgo ; hu, Habsburg-család), also known as the House of Austria (german: link=no, Haus Österreich; es, link=no, Casa de Austria), ...
in
Vienna Vienna ( ; german: Wien ; bar, Wean, label=Bavarian language, Austro-Bavarian ) is the Capital city, national capital, largest city, and one of States of Austria, nine states of Austria. Vienna is Austria's List of cities and towns in Austria, mos ...

Vienna
as the
Austrian Netherlands The Austrian Netherlands nl, Oostenrijkse Nederlanden; french: Pays-Bas Autrichiens; german: Österreichische Niederlande; la, Belgium Austriacum. was the larger part of the Southern Netherlands The Southern Netherlands, also called the Cat ...
, became a part of the
United Kingdom of the Netherlands The United Kingdom of the Netherlands ( nl, Verenigd Koninkrijk der Nederlanden; french: Royaume-Uni des Pays-Bas) is the unofficial name given to the Kingdom of the Netherlands , national_anthem = ) , image_map = Kingdom of the Netherla ...

United Kingdom of the Netherlands
with the northern Dutch for 15 years. In this period, Ghent established its own
university A university () is an educational institution, institution of higher education, higher (or Tertiary education, tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in several Discipline (academia), academic disciplines. Universities typ ...

university
(1816)Ghent over the centuries: Concise history of a stubborn city
/ref> and a (1824–27). After the
Belgian Revolution The Belgian Revolution (, ) was the conflict which led to the of the southern provinces (mainly the former ) from the and the establishment of an independent . The people of the south were mainly (speakers of ) and (speakers of dialects). ...
, with the loss of port access to the sea for more than a decade, the local economy collapsed, and the first Belgian trade union originated in Ghent. In 1913 there was a world exhibition in Ghent. As a preparation for these festivities, the Sint-Pieters railway station was completed in 1912.


20th century

Ghent was occupied by the Germans in both World Wars but escaped severe destruction. The life of the people and the German invaders in Ghent during World War I is described by H. Wandt in "etappenleven te Gent". In World War II the city was liberated by the British 7th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 7th "Desert Rats" Armoured Division and local Belgian fighters on 6 September 1944, with the northern suburbs and the industrial area cleared over the following days by the 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division.


Geography

After the fusions of municipalities in 1965 and 1977, the city is made up of: *I Ghent *II Mariakerke *III
Drongen Drongen ( French: ''Tronchiennes'') is a district within the city of Ghent Ghent ( ; nl, Gent}, ; french: Gand, ; traditional English: Gaunt) is a city and a municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division having ...
*IV
Wondelgem Wondelgem used to be a village in East Flanders, Belgium. It is now part of the city of Ghent. History In the 9th century the Carolingian emperors owned a large estate in Wondelgem. Ghent has a total population of about 230,000, of which about 12,4 ...
*V
Sint-Amandsberg Sint-Amandsberg is a sub-municipality of Ghent, Belgium. The municipality was formed in 1872 after splitting from Oostakker. It is served by the Bus and train station of Gent-Dampoort railway station, Gent Dampoort on the Ghent Antwerp NMBS/SNC ...

Sint-Amandsberg
*VI
Oostakker Oostakker (), formerly spelled Oostacker, is one of the smaller former municipalities which were merged into Ghent (from which it is only two miles), the capital of the Belgian province of East Flanders. The hamlet is mainly known for the Shrine of ...
*VII
Desteldonk Desteldonk is a parish in the municipality of Ghent Ghent ( ; Dutch language, Dutch: ''Gent'' ; French language, French: ''Gand'' ; traditional English: Gaunt) is a city and a Municipalities of Belgium, municipality in the Flemish Region of Bel ...
*VIII
Mendonk Mendonk is a village in the Belgian Province of East-Flanders, a part of the urban area of the province's capital city Ghent. It is situated near the canal that connects the cities of Ghent and Terneuzen, which puts Mendonk in the middle of an ind ...
*IX
Sint-Kruis-Winkel Sint-Kruis-Winkel is a sub-municipality of Ghent, Belgium. Image:SintKruisWinkeldorp.JPG, 250px, left, A street in Sint-Kruis-Winkel. External links

Sub-municipalities of Ghent Populated places in East Flanders {{EastFlanders-geo-stub ...
*X
Ledeberg Ledeberg is a submunicipality of the city of Ghent Ghent ( ; : ''Gent'' ; : ''Gand'' ; traditional English: Gaunt) is a city and a in the of . It is the capital and largest city of the province, and the third largest in the country, exceed ...
*XI
Gentbrugge Gentbrugge is one of 25 districts ("wijken") of the city of Ghent Ghent ( ; : ''Gent'' ; : ''Gand'' ; traditional English: Gaunt) is a city and a in the of . It is the capital and largest city of the province, and the third largest in the ...
*XII
Afsnee Afsnee is a village in the Belgian province of East-Flanders. It is part of the urban area of the province's capital city Ghent. Its population is 1,445 (2007). It is situated at the banks of the river Lys River, Lys. Maurice and Anna De Weert bou ...
*XIII
Sint-Denijs-Westrem Sint-Denijs-Westrem is a village in the Belgium, Belgian province of East Flanders. It is part of the city of Ghent, lying to the southwest of the city center, between Sint-Martens-Latem, De Pinte, Zwijnaarde and Afsnee. History Sint-Denijs-Westr ...
*XIV
Zwijnaarde Zwijnaarde is a village in the municipality of Ghent, Belgium. It is known for its fair and its ''Zwijntjes'' beer. A cluster of biotech companies is located at the Zwijnaarde science park, with biotech companies such as Innogenetics, and DevGen. I ...

Zwijnaarde


Neighbouring municipalities

* Wachtebeke * Lochristi * Destelbergen * Melle, Belgium, Melle * Merelbeke * De Pinte * Sint-Martens-Latem * Deinze * Nevele * Lovendegem * Evergem * Zelzate


Climate

The climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Ghent has a marine west coast climate, abbreviated "Cfb" on climate maps.


Demographics


Population


Nationalities

Ghent is home to many people of foreign origin and immigrants. From the 2020 census, it was concluded that 35.5% of the inhabitants have roots outside of Belgium and 15.3% have a non-Belgian nationality. Many neighbourhoods already have a minority-majority population, primarily in the north, east, and west of the city and some pockets in the south. Some examples are Brugse Poort, Dampoort, Rabot, Ledeberg, Nieuw Gent/UZ and the area around Sleepstraat (known for its many Turkish restaurants).


Tourism


Architecture

Much of the city's medieval architecture remains intact and is remarkably well preserved and restored. Its centre is a Pedestrian zone, carfree area. Highlights are the
Saint Bavo Cathedral The Saint Bavo Cathedral (also known as Sint-Baafs Cathedral, or in Dutch Sint Baafskathedraal) is an 89-meter-tall Catholic, Gothic architecture, Gothic cathedral in Ghent, Belgium. It is the seat of the diocese of Ghent, is named for Bavo of Ghe ...
with the ''Ghent Altarpiece'', the belfry of Ghent, belfry, the Gravensteen castle, and the splendid architecture along the old Graslei harbour. Ghent has established a blend between comfort of living and history; it is not a city-museum. The city of Ghent also houses three béguinages and numerous churches including Saint-Jacob's church, Saint Nicholas' Church, Ghent, Saint-Nicolas' church, Saint Michael's church (Ghent), Saint Michael's church and St. Stefanus, Ghent, St. Stefanus. In the 19th century Ghent's most famous architect, Louis Roelandt, built the university hall Aula, the opera house, and the main courthouse. Highlights of modern architecture are the university buildings (the ''Boekentoren'' or Book Tower) by Henry Van de Velde. There are also a few theatres from diverse periods. The beguinages, as well as the belfry and adjacent cloth hall, were recognized by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites in 1998 and 1999. The Zebrastraat, a social experiment in which an entirely renovated site unites living, economy, and culture, can also be found in Ghent. Campo Santo, Ghent, Campo Santo is a famous Catholic burial site of the nobility and artists. One of the more notable pieces of contemporary architecture in Ghent is De Krook, the new central library and media center, a collaboration between local firm Coussée and Goris and Catalan firm RCR Arquitectos.


Museums

Important museums in Ghent are the Museum of Fine Arts, Ghent, Museum voor Schone Kunsten (Museum of Fine Arts), with paintings by Hieronymus Bosch, Peter Paul Rubens, and many Flemish masters; the Stedelijk Museum voor Actuele Kunst, SMAK or Stedelijk Museum voor Actuele Kunst (City Museum for Contemporary Art), with works of the 20th century, including Joseph Beuys and Andy Warhol; and the Design Museum Gent with masterpieces of Victor Horta and Le Corbusier. The Huis van Alijn (House of the Alijn family) was originally a beguinage and is now a museum for folk art where theatre and puppet shows for children are presented. The ''Museum voor Industriële Archeologie en Textiel'' or MIAT displays the industrial strength of Ghent with recreations of workshops and stores from the 1800s and original spinning and weaving machines that remain from the time when the building was a weaving mill. The Ghent City Museum (Stadsmuseum, abbreviated STAM), is committed to recording and explaining the city's past and its inhabitants, and to preserving the present for future generations.


Restaurants and culinary traditions

In Ghent and other regions of
East Flanders , native_name_lang = , settlement_type = Province of Belgium , image_flag = Flag of Oost-Vlaanderen.svg , flag_size = , image_shield = Wapen van Oos ...
, bakeries sell a donut-shaped bun called a "mastel" (plural "mastellen"), which is basically a bagel. "Mastellen" are also called "Saint Hubert bread", because, on the Saint's feast day, which is 3 November, the bakers bring their batches to the early Mass to be blessed. Traditionally, it was thought that blessed mastellen immunized against rabies. Other local delicacies are the praline chocolates from local producers such as Leonidas (chocolate), Leonidas, the cuberdons or 'neuzekes' ('noses'), cone-shaped purple jelly-filled candies, 'babelutten' ('babblers'), hard butterscotch-like candy, and of course, on the more fiery side, the famous 'Tierenteyn', a hot but refined mustard that has some affinity to French 'Dijon' mustard. Carbonade flamande, Stoverij is a classic Flemish meat stew, preferably made with a generous addition of brown Trappist beer, 'Trappist' (strong abbey beer) and served with French fries. 'Waterzooi' is a local stew originally made from freshwater fish caught in the rivers and creeks of Ghent, but nowadays often made with chicken instead of fish. It is usually served nouvelle-cuisine-style and supplemented by a large pot on the side. The city promotes a meat-free day on Thursdays called ''Donderdag Veggiedag'' with vegetarian food being promoted in public canteens for civil servants and elected councillors, in all city-funded schools, and promotion of vegetarian eating options in town (through the distribution of "veggie street maps"). This campaign is linked to the recognition of the Environmental effects of meat production#Fossil fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions, detrimental environmental effects of meat production, which the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization has established to represent nearly one-fifth of global greenhouse gas emissions. The traditional confectionery is th
cuberdon
(also known as neuzekes or little noses). These are conical sweets with a soft centre, usually raspberry but other flavours can be found on the many street stalls around the city. Between 2011 and 2015 a feud between two local vendors made international news.


Festivities

The city is host to some big cultural events such as the Gentse Feesten, I Love Techno in Flanders Expo, the "10 Days Off" musical festival, the Flanders International Film Festival Ghent, International Film Festival of Ghent (with the World Soundtrack Awards) and the . Also, every five years, an extensive botanical exhibition (''Gentse Floraliën'') takes place in Flanders Expo in Ghent, attracting numerous visitors to the city. The Festival of Flanders had its 50th celebration in 2008. In Ghent, it opens with the OdeGand City festivities that take place on the second Saturday of September. Some 50 concerts take place in diverse locations throughout the medieval inner city and some 250 international artists perform. Other major Flemish cities hold similar events, all of which form part of the Festival of Flanders (Antwerp with ''Laus Polyphoniae''; Bruges with ''MAfestival Brugge, MAfestival''; Brussels with ''KlaraFestival''; Limburg with ''Basilica'', Mechelen and Brabant with ''Novecento'' and ''Transit''). The city of Ghent will co-host the 2021 World Choir Games together with the city of
Antwerp Antwerp (; nl, Antwerpen ; french: Anvers ) is a city in Belgium and the capital of Antwerp (province), Antwerp province in the Flemish Region. With a population of 520,504,
Antwerp
. Organised by the Interkultur Foundation, the World Choir Games is the biggest choral competition and festival in the world.


Nature

The numerous parks in the city can also be considered tourist attractions. Most notably, Ghent boasts a nature reserve (Bourgoyen-Ossemeersen, 230 hectare (570 acre)) and a recreation park (Blaarmeersen, 87 hectares; 215 acres).


Economy

The port of Ghent, in the north of the city, is the third-largest port of Belgium. It is accessed by the Ghent–Terneuzen Canal, which ends near the Netherlands, Dutch port of Terneuzen on the Western Scheldt. The port houses, among others, large companies like ArcelorMittal, Volvo Cars, Volvo Trucks, Volvo Parts, Honda, and Stora Enso. The Ghent University and several research-oriented companies, such as Ablynx, Innogenetics, Cropdesign, and Bayer Cropscience, are situated in the central and southern part of the city. As the largest city in East Flanders, Ghent has many hospitals, schools, and shopping streets. Flanders Expo, the biggest event hall in Flanders and the second biggest in Belgium, is also located in Ghent. Tourism is becoming a major employer in the local area.


Transport

As one of the largest cities in Belgium, Ghent has a highly developed transport system.


Road

By car the city is accessible via two motorways: *The European route E40, E40 connects Ghent with
Bruges Bruges ( , nl, Brugge ; ; german: Brügge ) is the capital and largest city of the Provinces of Belgium, province of West Flanders in the Flemish Region of Belgium, in the northwest of the country, and the seventh-largest city of the country b ...

Bruges
and Ostend to the west, and with
Brussels Brussels (french: Bruxelles or ; nl, Brussel ), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (french: link=no, Région de Bruxelles-Capitale; nl, link=no, Brusse ...

Brussels
, Leuven and Liège to the east. *The European route E17, E17 connects Ghent with Sint-Niklaas and
Antwerp Antwerp (; nl, Antwerpen ; french: Anvers ) is a city in Belgium and the capital of Antwerp (province), Antwerp province in the Flemish Region. With a population of 520,504,
Antwerp
to the north, and with Kortrijk and Lille to the south. In addition, Ghent also has two ringways: *The R4 connects the outskirts of Ghent with each other and the surrounding villages, and also leads to the European route E40, E40 and European route E17, E17 roads. *The R40 connects the different downtown quarters with each other and provides access to the main avenues.


Rail

The municipality of Ghent comprises five railway stations: *Gent-Sint-Pieters railway station, Gent-Sint-Pieters Station: an international railway station with connections to Bruges, Brussels, Antwerp, Kortrijk, other Belgian towns, and Lille. The station also offers a direct connection to Brussels Airport. *Gent-Dampoort railway station, Gent-Dampoort Station: an intercity railway station with connections to Sint-Niklaas, Antwerp, Kortrijk and Eeklo. *Gentbrugge Station: a regional railway station in between the two main railway stations, Sint-Pieters and Dampoort. *Wondelgem Station: a regional railway station with connections to Eeklo once an hour. *Drongen Station: a regional railway station in the village of
Drongen Drongen ( French: ''Tronchiennes'') is a district within the city of Ghent Ghent ( ; nl, Gent}, ; french: Gand, ; traditional English: Gaunt) is a city and a municipality A municipality is usually a single administrative division having ...
with connections to
Bruges Bruges ( , nl, Brugge ; ; german: Brügge ) is the capital and largest city of the Provinces of Belgium, province of West Flanders in the Flemish Region of Belgium, in the northwest of the country, and the seventh-largest city of the country b ...

Bruges
once an hour. *Gent-Zeehaven station: a regional railway station in the port of Ghent with connections to Gent-Sint-Pieters railway station, Gent-Sint-Pieters Station and the town of Terneuzen, Terneuzen in Netherlands, The Netherlands.


Public transport

Ghent has an extensive network of public transport lines, operated by ''De Lijn''.


Trams

*Line 1: Flanders Expo – Sint-Pieters-Station – Korenmarkt (city centre) – Wondelgem – Evergem *Line 2: Zwijnaarde Bibliotheek – Sint-Pieters-Station – Zonnestraat (city centre) – Brabantdam – Zuid – Melle, Belgium, Melle Leeuw (fuse of line 21 and 22 as of May 2017) *Line 4: UZ – Sint-Pieters-Station – Muide – Korenmarkt (city centre) – Zuid – Moscou (Ghent), Moscou *Line 21: Zwijnaarde Bibliotheek – Sint-Pieters-Station – Zonnestraat (city centre) – Zuid – Melle, Belgium, Melle Leeuw (fused into line 2) *Line 22: Kouter – Bijlokehof – Sint-Pieters-Station – Zonnestraat (city centre) – Zuid –
Gentbrugge Gentbrugge is one of 25 districts ("wijken") of the city of Ghent Ghent ( ; : ''Gent'' ; : ''Gand'' ; traditional English: Gaunt) is a city and a in the of . It is the capital and largest city of the province, and the third largest in the ...
(fused into line 2)


Buses

*Line 3: Mariakerke – Korenmarkt (city centre) – Dampoort – Gentbrugge (formerly a trolleybus line; see picture below) *Line 5: Van Beverenplein – Sint-Jacobs (city centre) – Zuid – Heuvelpoort – Nieuw-Gent *Line 6: Watersportbaan – Zuid – Dampoort – Meulestede – Wondelgem – Mariakerke *Line 8: AZ Sint-Lucas – Sint-Jacobs (city centre) – Zuid – Heuvelpoort – Arteveldepark *Line 9: Mariakerke – Malem, Ghent, Malem – Sint-Pieters-Station – Ledeberg – Gentbrugge *Line 17/18: Drongen – Malem – Korenmarkt (city centre) – Dampoort –
Oostakker Oostakker (), formerly spelled Oostacker, is one of the smaller former municipalities which were merged into Ghent (from which it is only two miles), the capital of the Belgian province of East Flanders. The hamlet is mainly known for the Shrine of ...
*Line 38/39: Blaarmeersen – Ekkergem – Korenmarkt (city centre) – Dampoort –
Sint-Amandsberg Sint-Amandsberg is a sub-municipality of Ghent, Belgium. The municipality was formed in 1872 after splitting from Oostakker. It is served by the Bus and train station of Gent-Dampoort railway station, Gent Dampoort on the Ghent Antwerp NMBS/SNC ...

Sint-Amandsberg
Apart from the city buses mentioned above, Ghent also has numerous regional bus lines connecting it to towns and villages across the province of East Flanders. All of these buses stop in at least one of the city's regional bus hubs at either Sint-Pieters Station, Dampoort Station, Zuid or Rabot. International buses connecting Ghent to other European destinations are usually found at the Dampoort Station. A couple of private bus companies such as Eurolines, Megabus and Flixbus operate from the Dampoort bus hub. Buses to and from Belgium's second airport – Brussels South Airport Charleroi – are operated by Flibco, and can be found at the rear exit of the Sint-Pieters Station.


Cycling

Ghent has the largest designated cyclist area in Europe, with nearly of cycle paths and more than 700 one-way streets, where bikes are allowed to go against the traffic. It also boasts Belgium's first cycle street, where cars are considered 'guests' and must stay behind cyclists. In 2017 the city restricted car traffic circulation which boosts cycling. More cyclists means a higher demand for bicycle parking stations. In 2010, the plans to renovate Gent-Sint-Pieters railway station, included 10,000 bicycle parking spots. In 2020 several sections of the underground parking facilities have been built, and the targets have been adjusted to a total of 17,000 parking spots.


Sports

In the Belgian First Division, Belgian first football division Ghent is represented by K.A.A. Gent, who became Belgian football champions for the first time in its history in 2015. Another Ghent football club is KRC Gent-Zeehaven, playing in the Belgian fourth division. A football match at the 1920 Summer Olympics was held in Ghent. The Six Days of Ghent, a Six-day racing, six-day track cycling race, is held annually, taking place in the Kuipke velodrome in Ghent. In road cycling, the city hosts the start and finish of the Omloop Het Nieuwsblad, the traditional opening race of the cobbled classics season. It also lends its name to another cobbled classic, Gent–Wevelgem, although the race now starts in the nearby city of Deinze. The city hosts an annual athletics (sport), athletics IAAF event in the Flanders Sports Arena: the Indoor Flanders meeting where two-time Olympic champion Hicham El Guerrouj set an indoor List of world records in athletics, world record of 3:48.45 in the mile run in 1997. The Flanders Sports Arena was host to the 2015 Davis cup, Davis Cup Final between Belgium Davis Cup Team, Belgium and British Davis Cup Team, Great Britain.


Notable people

* Alexander Agricola, Franco-Flemish composer of the Renaissance (1445/1446–15 August 1506) * Leo Baekeland, chemist and inventor of Bakelite (1863–1944) * Saint Bavo, patron saint of Ghent (589–654) * Tiesj Benoot, cyclist (born 1994) * Marthe Boël, feminist (1877–1956) * Josse Boutmy, composer, organist and harpsichordist (1697–1779) * Cornelius Canis, composer of the Renaissance, music director for the chapel of Charles V in the 1540s–1550s * Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, ''Karel V, Charles Quint'' (1500–1558) * Kevin De Bruyne, professional footballer (born 1991) * Willy De Clercq, liberal politician and European Commissioner (1927–2011) * Caspar de Crayer, painter (1582–1669) * Pedro de Gante, Franciscan missionary in Mexico (c. 1480 – 1572) * Frans de Potter, writer, (1834–1904) * Emma De Vigne, painter (1850–98) * Charlotte de Witte, DJ and record producer (b. 1992) * Joseph Guislain, physician (1797–1860) * Daniel Heinsius, scholar of the Dutch Renaissance (1580–1655) * Henry of Ghent, Scholasticism, scholastic philosopher (c. 1217 – 1293) * Xavier Henry, shooting guard/small forward for the National Basketball Association, NBA's Los Angeles Lakers (born 1991) * Corneille Jean François Heymans, physiologist and recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1892–1968) * Victor Horta, Art Nouveau architect (1861–1947) * John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster (1340–1399) * Suzanne Lilar, essayist, novelist, and playwright (1901–1992) * Saint Livinus of Ghent, (580–657) * Louis XVIII of France was exiled in Ghent during the Hundred Days in 1815 * Pierre Louÿs, poet and romantic writer (1870–1925) * Maurice Maeterlinck, poet, playwright, essayist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature (1862–1949) * Hippolyte Metdepenningen, lawyer and politician (1799–1881) * Gerard Mortier, Belgian opera director (b. 1943) * Gaelle Mys, Olympic gymnast (b. 1991) * Jacob Obrecht, composer of the Renaissance (c. 1457 – 1505) * Frans Rens, writer, (1805–1874) * Gabriel Ríos, musician (b. 1978) * Jacques Rogge, former president of the International Olympic Committee, IOC (1942 - 2021) * Charles John Seghers, Jesuit clergyman and missionary (1839–1886) * Patrick Sercu, Belgian track cyclist (1944 - 2019) * Soulwax & 2 Many DJs, electronic/rock band headed by David and Stephen Dewaele * Jacob van Artevelde, statesman and political leader (c. 1290 – 1345) * Cédric Van Branteghem, athlete (born 1979) * Gustave Van de Woestijne, painter (1881–1947) * Karel van de Woestijne, writer (1878–1929) * Hugo van der Goes, painter (c. 1440 – 1482) * Jan van Eyck, painter (c. 1385 – 1441) * Geo Verbanck, sculptor (1881 - 1961) * Bradley Wiggins, British cyclist (born 1980) * Jan Frans Willems, writer (1793–1846) *Charlotte Adigéry, Belgian-Caribbean musician (b. 1990)


International relations


Twin towns – sister cities

Ghent is Twin towns and sister cities, twinned with:


Gallery

File:Sint-Baafskathedraal_(St._Bavo's_Cathedral)_Ghent_Belgium_October.jpg, St Bavo's Cathedral, Ghent, St Bavo's Cathedral File:Gent, de Sint-Niklaaskerk oeg25149 IMG 0686 2021-08-15 10.40.jpg, The Sint-Niklaaskerk File:Belfry_of_Ghent_(DSCF0247,DSCF0249).jpg, Belfry of Ghent, Belfry File:Oud_Postkantoor,_Ghent_(DSCF0257-DSCF0261).jpg, Old Post Office (Ghent), Old Post Office on Korenmarkt, Ghent, Korenmarkt Square File:25890_Gravensteen_bij_zonsondergang_vanuit_de_Sint-Widostraat.jpg, Gravensteen, Gravensteen Castle File:Graslei_gent_avondlicht.jpg, Graslei, Graslei Quay File:Gent, de Korenlei met oeg25136-40 vanaf de Graslei IMG 0592 2021-08-15 09.12.jpg, Korenlei File:Gent, De Lingtworm en Krocht oeg25148 IMG 0609 2021-08-15 09.27.jpg, De Lingtworm en Krocht File:Gent_Veerleplein_006.JPG, Entrance gate of ''Oude Vismijn'' ("Old Fish Market") File:Het_Rabot_03.jpg, The Rabot Gate File:Gent, Volkshuis Ons Huis oeg26052 op de Vrijdagmarkt IMG 0697 2021-08-15 11.29.jpg, Volkshuis Ons Huis at the Vrijdagmarkt File:Jacob_van_Artevelde_2015.jpg, Vrijdagmarkt Square with statue of Jacob van Artevelde File:Gent, standbeeld Lieven Bauwens IMG 0647 2021-08-15 10.11.jpg, Statue Lieven Bauwens File:Gent, Geeraard de Duivelsteen oeg24673 IMG 0656 2021-08-15 10.18.jpg, Monumentaal house: Geeraard de Duivelsteen File:Vooruitvoorgevel.JPG, Vooruit, Vooruit Arts Center File:Hotel_d'Hane-Steenhuyse_-_225133_-_onroerenderfgoed.jpg, City palace Hotel d'Hane-Steenhuyse File:Gent_Gandastraat_Zonder_Nummer_Abdij_-_23169_-_onroerenderfgoed.jpg, Ruins of Saint Bavo's Abbey File:Gent, hoekhuis Hippoliet Lippensplein 25 (oeg19000) op kruispunt Vlaanderenstraat-Brabantdam IMG 0628 2021-08-15 09.51.jpg, Corner house Hippoliet Lippensplein 25 File:Gent, Groot Kanon oeg200796 IMG 0750 2021-08-15 14.09.jpg, Monument: Groot Kanon File:Gent, de Augustijnenkaai IMG 0766 2021-08-15 15.05.jpg, Street view: the Augustijnenkaai


See also

*List of Mayors of Ghent


References


Further reading


External links

*
Official Tourist website

Flanders Tourism Website
{{Authority control Ghent, Municipalities of East Flanders Port cities and towns in Belgium Provincial capitals of Flanders