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Georges Vicaire (8 December 1853 – 4 November 1921) was a French bibliophile and bibliographer. The son of (1802-1865), General Director of forests, and Marthe Vicaire Blais, Georges Vicaire was the father of Jean Vicaire and (1893–1976), an orientalist painter.


Biography

Georges Vicaire was responsible for special work on the preparation of the printed catalogs of the
Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal Image:2006 Bibliotheque de l'Arsenal Paris 4585631780.jpg, 280px, Entrance to the Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal The Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal (''Library of the Arsenal'', founded 1757) in Paris has been part of the Bibliothèque nationale de France ...

Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal
, then was attached to the
Bibliothèque Mazarine
Bibliothèque Mazarine
. In 1909, the
Institut de France The (; Institute of France) is a French learned society, grouping five , including the Académie Française. It was established in 1795 at the direction of the National Convention. Located on the Quai de Conti in the 6th arrondissement of Par ...

Institut de France
appointed curator of the , created by and located in Chantilly, next to the
Musée Condé The Musée Condé – in English, the Condé Museum – is a French museum located inside the Château de Chantilly The Château de Chantilly () is an historic French château A château (; plural: châteaux) is a manor house A manor ...
, which houses the very large Library of
Henri d'Orléans, Duke of Aumale Henri Eugène Philippe Louis d'Orléans, Duke of Aumale (16 January 1822 – 7 May 1897) was a leader of the Orleanists, a political faction in 19th-century France associated with constitutional monarchy A constitutional monarchy, parliame ...

Henri d'Orléans, Duke of Aumale
. He was also correspondent to the
Vatican Library The Vatican Apostolic Library ( la, Bibliotheca Apostolica Vaticana, it, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana), more commonly known as the Vatican Library or informally as the Vat, is the library A library is a collection of materials, books o ...
. He had hence access to funds from both institutions. Vicaire is the author of bibliographies of
Honoré de Balzac Honoré de Balzac ( , more commonly , ; born Honoré Balzac;Jean-Louis Dega, La vie prodigieuse de Bernard-François Balssa, père d'Honoré de Balzac : Aux sources historiques de La Comédie humaine, Rodez, Subervie, 1998, 665 p. 20 May 1799 ...

Honoré de Balzac
,
José-Maria de Heredia
José-Maria de Heredia
,
George Sand Amantine Lucile Aurore Dupin (; 1 July 1804 – 8 June 1876), best known by her pen name George Sand (), was a French novelist, memoirist, and journalist. One of the most popular writers in Europe in her lifetime, being more renow ...

George Sand
,
Stendhal Marie-Henri Beyle (; 23 January 1783 – 23 March 1842), better known by his pen name Stendhal (, ; ), was a 19th-century French writer. Best known for the novels ''Le Rouge et le Noir'' (''The Red and the Black'', 1830) and ''La Chartreuse de P ...

Stendhal
,
Victor Hugo Victor-Marie Hugo (; 26 February 1802 – 22 May 1885) was a French poet, novelist, essayist, playwright, and dramatist of the Romantic movement Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical, and intellect ...

Victor Hugo
and gastronomic literature and a very important work in 8 volumes on the literature of the nineteenth century
''Le Manuel de l'amateur de livres du XIXe siècle''
"This work, which will remain one of the monuments of the bibliography, has among other merits that of fending for the first time the issue long overlooked by first editions of the great romantic" and earned its author in 1906, the Botta prize of the
Académie française An academy (Attic Greek: Ἀκαδήμεια; Koine Greek Ἀκαδημία) is an institution of secondary education, secondary or tertiary education, tertiary higher education, higher learning, research, or honorary membership. Academia is the w ...
and twice, in 1900 and 1912, the Brunet prize awarded by the
Académie des inscriptions et belles-lettres The ''Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres'' () is a France, French learned society devoted to the humanities, founded in February 1663 as one of the five academies of the Institut de France. History The Académie originated in 1663 a ...
. From 1896 until his death, Georges Vicaire was director of the ''Bulletin du bibliophile'' with which he worked since 1890. From 1898 to 1902, he was secretary of the "Amis de l'eau forte" and in 1900, a member of the organizing committee of the retrospective section of book at the
Exposition Universelle (1900) The Exposition Universelle of 1900, better known in English as the 1900 Paris Exposition, was a world's fair A world's fair is a large international exhibition designed to showcase achievements of nations. These exhibitions vary in char ...
and a committee member of the International Congress of Libraries. On 27 February 1901, he was elected a member of the "Société des bibliophiles françois", established in 1820. At seat XII, he succeeded Jean Hély d'Oissel, Félix-Sébastien Feuillet de Conches, Count Charpin-Feugerolles, Mme Standish-Noailles. In 1890, he had published to her attention, "''Rôti-cochon"'' ("roast-pig") and was preparing for her an important and erudite study which was published in 1901 in the ''Almanach du bibliophile'' with which he collaborated since 1898. In 1903, appeared ''Jeunesse de Balzac'' by
Gabriel Hanotaux Albert Auguste Gabriel Hanotaux, known as Gabriel Hanotaux (19 November 1853 – 11 April 1944) was a French statesman A statesman or stateswoman typically is a politician A politician is a person active in party politics A political par ...

Gabriel Hanotaux
and Georges Vicaire. A new edition, augmented of the correspondence between Balzac and Madame de Berny, published shortly after the death of Georges Vicaire, of which Gabriel Hanotaux could write, in the afterword dated 8 November 1921: "He did not have the satisfaction to see this book published and, after twenty-five years of cordial collaboration, I have the pain of losing at the time of realization, this incomparable friend. This book comes from him, it is him. I send it back to his memory. It will include on each page, the marks of his conscience, his flawless erudition and worship he professed for beautiful literature". Knowledgeable about food and culinary arts, his copious
annotation An annotation is extra information associated with a particular point in a document A document is a writing, written, drawing, drawn, presented, or memorialized representation of thought, often the manifestation of nonfiction, non-fictional, a ...
s have generated exceptional interest for both the
culinary art Culinary arts, in which ''culinary Culinary arts, in which ''culinary Culinary arts, in which '' culinary'' means "related to cooking Cooking or cookery is the art, science, and craft of using heat to Outline of food preparation, prepare ...
and bibliophily. His work ''Bibliographie gastronomique'' "should be considered as the most important bibliographic contribution in this area" (André Simon (wine), André-Louis Simon). Katherine Bitting states "This work is considered the most erudite and valuable existing bibliography on culinary topics."


Works

*1882: ''Le Récit du grand-père. Souvenir d'Alsace'' *1890: ''Bibliographie gastronomique. La cuisine, la table, l'office, les aliments, les vins, les cuisiniers, les gourmands et les gastronomes, l'économie domestique, facéties, dissertations, singulières, pièces de théâtre, etc.'', preface by Paul Ginisty, Paris, Rouquette et fils, rare work which lists more than 2,500 books on the subject between the fifteenth century and the end of the nineteenth centur
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*1892: ''Bibliographie des publications faites par M. le Baron Jérôme Pichon, président de la Société des bibliophiles françois, de 1833 à 1892'' *1892: ''Sir Kenelm Digby et les anciens rapports des bibliothèques françaises avec la Grande-Bretagne'' *1893: ''Les ″Incunabula biblica″ de M. W. A. Copinger and the ″Bibliographical society″'' *1894: ''Documents pour servir à l'histoire des libraires de Paris, 1486–1600'', in collaboration with Jérôme Pichon, Paris, Techener *1892:''Le Viandier de Taillevent'', in collaboration with Jérôme Pichon, 1892 *1894–1920: ''Manuel de l'amateur de livres du XIXe siècle (1801–1893)'', 8 volumes, Paris, Rouquette, "must read" literary bibliography of the nineteenth century with very precise entries. The eighth volume contains the index to works cited
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*1895: ''François-Ernest Delaplace, born in Rouen 26 November 1835, died in Paris 6 December 1895'' *1895: ''Note sur l'Histoire des Grecs et des Troyens de Darès, traduite par Charles de Bourgueville'' *1895: ''Tiphaigne de La Roche et la première idée de la photographie en 1760'' *1896: ''Les ″Almanachs français″ by M. John Grand-Carteret'' *1896: ''Les Éditions d'art de M. Édouard Pelletan'' *1897: ''Le Baron Jérôme Pichon, président de la Société des bibliophiles françois, 1812-1896. Notice suivie de la bibliographie de ses travaux'' *1897: ''Catalogue du cabinet de feu M. le baron Lucien Double'' *1897: ''Catalogue de la bibliothèque de feu M. le baron Jérôme Pichon'' *1899: ''La Bibliothèque d'Eugène Paillet'' *1903: ''La jeunesse de Honoré de Balzac, Balzac. Balzac Imprimeur. 1825–1828'', in collaboration with
Gabriel Hanotaux Albert Auguste Gabriel Hanotaux, known as Gabriel Hanotaux (19 November 1853 – 11 April 1944) was a French statesman A statesman or stateswoman typically is a politician A politician is a person active in party politics A political par ...

Gabriel Hanotaux
, Paris, A. Ferroud, 1e édition. Librairie des Amateurs, A. Ferroud, F. Ferroud, 1921. (The part ''Balzac imprimeur'' lists and describes all the books printed by Balzac in his printing workshop.) *1916: ''Le vicomte de Savigny de Moncorps'', La Societé des bibliophiles françois
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External links

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Challenges, (30-05-2012) {{DEFAULTSORT:Vicaire, Georges 1853 births 1921 deaths 19th-century French writers French bibliographers French librarians People in food and agriculture occupations