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Gallia Lugdunensis (French language, French: ''Gaule Lyonnaise'') was a Roman province, province of the Roman Empire in what is now the modern country of France, part of the Celts, Celtic territory of Gaul formerly known as Gallia Celtica, Celtica. It is named after its capital Lugdunum (today's Lyon), possibly Roman Europe's major city west of Italy, and a major imperial mint. Outside Lugdunum was the Sanctuary of the Three Gauls, where representatives met to celebrate the cult of Rome and Augustus.


History

In ''De Bello Gallico'' describing his conquest of Gaul (58–50 BC), Julius Caesar distinguished between ''provincia nostra'' in the south of Gaul, which already was a Roman province in his time, and the three other parts of Gaul: the territories of the ''Aquitani'', of the ''Belgae'', and of the ''Galli'' also known as the ''Celtae''. The territory of the Galli extended from the rivers Seine and Marne (river), Marne in the north-east, which formed the boundary with Gallia Belgica, to the river Garonne in the south-west, which formed the border with Gallia Aquitania. Under Augustus, Gallia Lugdunensis was created by reducing in size the territory of the Galli: The portion between the river Loire and the Garonne was given to Gallia Aquitania, and central-eastern portions were given to the new province of Germania Superior. The map shows the extent after these reductions. The date of the creation of Gallia Lugdunensis is under discussion, whether between 27 and 25 BC or between 16 and 13 BC, during Augustus' visits to Gaul. It was an imperial province, deemed important enough to be governed by an imperial legatus, legate. After Diocletian's Tetrarchy (AD 296), it was the major province of a diocese confusingly called Diocese of Gaul, Galliae ('the Gaul provinces'), to which further only the Helvetic, Belgian (both also Celtic) and German provinces belonged; with the dioceses of Diocese of Viennensis, Viennensis (the southern provinces of Gaul), Diocese of Britain, Britanniae (also Celtic) and Diocese of Spain, Hispaniae (the whole Celtiberian peninsula) this formed the praetorian prefecture also called Galliae, subordinate to the western emperor. The province effectively ceased to exist in AD 486 when the Roman general Syagrius was defeated by the invading Franks.


Governors

*c. 21: Acilius Aviola (legate), Acilius Aviola *66-69 Junius Blaesus (governor), Junius Blaesus *78-80: Titus Tettienus Serenus *80-83: Gaius Cornelius Gallicanus *83-87: Lucius Minicius Rufus *Between 123 and 130: Tiberius Claudius QuartinusEck, "Jahres- und Provinzialfasten der senatorischen Statthalter von 69/70 bis 138/139", ''Chiron'' 13 (1983), p. 198 *Between 126 and 137: Titus Vitrasius Pollio (consul 137), Titus Vitrasius Pollio *c. 146-149: Titus Flavius Longinus Quintus Marcius TurboGéza Alföldy, ''Konsulat und Senatorenstand unter den Antoninen'' (Bonn: Habelt Verlag, 1977), p. 255 *Between 138 and 161: [...] Pacatus *Between 138 and 161: [...]latin Pi[...]atusAlföldy, ''Konsulat und Senatorenstand'', p. 256 *161-162: Gaius Popilius Carus Pedo *Between 161 and 168: Lucius Aemilius Frontinus *Between 160 and 169 ''or'' 177 and 180: [...] Egr[ilius Plarianus Larcius Lep]idus [Flavius ...] *187–188 or 185-189: Septimius Severus *c. 195-198: Titius Flavius Secundus PhilippianusPaul M. M. Leunissen, ''Konsuln und Konsulare in der Zeit von Commodus bis Severus Alexander'' (Amsterdam: J.C. Gieben, 1989), p. 288 *c. 218: Tiberius Claudius Paulinus *220-222: Marcus Aedinius Julianus (''procurator agens vice praesidis'') *After 223: Badius Comnianus (''procurator agens vice praesidis'') * Between 240 and 245: Appius Alexander (''praeses provinciae'')Peter Herrmann, and Ûzmir Hasan Malay
"Statue Bases of the Mid Third Century A.D. from Smyrna"
''Epigraphica Anatolica'', 36 (2003), pp. 4-6


Fiction

The fictional unconquered village from the French comic book ''Asterix'' is located here, on an Armorican peninsula (modern Brittany).


See also

*Lyonesse


References


External links


Britannica


{{Coord, 45.7597, N, 4.8194, E, source:wikidata, display=title Gallia Lugdunensis, Provinces of the Roman Republic Provinces of Roman Gaul States and territories established in the 1st century BC States and territories disestablished in the 5th century History of Rhône-Alpes 27 BC establishments 20s BC establishments in the Roman Empire 486 disestablishments 480s disestablishments in the Roman Empire