, trading as
Fujifilm, or simply Fuji, is a Japanese multinational conglomerate
headquartered in Tokyo
, operating in the realms of photography
and medical electronics
, and chemicals
The offerings from the company that started as a manufacturer of photographic films
, which it still produces, include: document solutions, medical imaging
and diagnostics equipment, cosmetics
, pharmaceutical drugs
, regenerative medicine
, stem cells
, biologics manufacturing
, magnetic tape data storage
, optical film
s for flat-panel displays
, optical devices
, digital cameras
, color films
, color paper, photofinishing
and graphic arts
equipment and materials.
Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd. was established in 1934 as a subsidiary of Daicel
with the aim of producing photographic film
s. Over the following 10 years, the company produced photographic films, motion-picture films and X-ray films. In the 1940s, Fuji Photo entered the optical glasses, lenses and equipment markets. After the Second World War, Fuji Photo diversified, penetrating the medical (X-ray diagnosis), printing, electronic imaging and magnetic materials fields. In 1962, Fuji Photo and UK-based Rank Xerox
Limited (now Xerox Limited) launched Fuji Xerox
Co., Ltd. through a joint venture.
From the mid-1950s, Fuji Photo accelerated the establishment of overseas sales bases. In the 1980s, Fuji Photo expanded its production and other bases overseas, stepping up the pace of its business globalization. Meanwhile, Fuji Photo developed digital technologies for its photo-related, medical and printing businesses. As a result, it invented computed radiography
(CR), which solved a number of issues of traditional radiography, resulting a decrease of radiation exposure to both technician and patient. Fujifilm's systems were marketed and sold under the FCR
Like its rival Eastman Kodak
which dominated in the US, Fuji Photo enjoyed a longtime near-monopoly on camera film in Japan. By becoming one of the title sponsors of the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics
(an opportunity that Kodak passed on), offering cheaper camera film, and establishing a film factory in the US, Fuji gained considerable market share there, while Kodak had little success in penetrating Japan. In May 1995, Kodak filed a petition with the US Commerce Department under section 301 of the Commerce Act arguing that its poor performance in the Japanese market was a direct result of unfair practices adopted by Fuji. The complaint was lodged by the US with the World Trade Organization. On January 30, 1998, the WTO announced a "sweeping rejection of Kodak's complaints" about the film market in Japan.
The new millennium witnessed the rapid spread of digital technology, and demand for photographic films plunged in line with the growing popularity of digital cameras. In response, Fuji Photo implemented management reforms aimed at drastic transformation of its business structures. Even as early as the 1980s, the company had foreseen the switch from film to digital, so "it developed a three-pronged strategy: to squeeze as much money out of the film business as possible, to prepare for the switch to digital and to develop new business lines." While both film manufacturers recognized this fundamental change, Fuji Photo adapted to this shift much more successfully
than Eastman Kodak (which filed for bankruptcy in January 2012). Fuji Photo's diversification efforts also succeeded while Kodak's had failed; furthermore Kodak built up a large but barely profitable digital camera business that was undone quickly by smartphone cameras.
On September 19, 2006, Fujifilm announced plans to establish a holding company
, Fujifilm Holdings Corp. Fujifilm and Fuji Xerox would become subsidiaries of the holding company. A representative of the company reconfirmed its commitment to film, which accounts for 3% of sales.
On January 31, 2018, Fujifilm announced that it would acquire a 50.1% controlling stake in Xerox for US$6.1 billion, which will be amalgamated into its existing Fuji Xerox business. The deal was subsequently dropped after intervention by activist investors Carl Icahn
and Darwin Deason
. In late 2019, Fujifilm announced its acquisition of Xerox's 25% stake in the 57-year-old joint venture, Fuji Xerox.
In December 2019, Fujifilm acquired Hitachi
's diagnostic imaging business for US$1.63 billion.
Amid the 2020 COVID-19 pandemic
, one of Fujifilm Toyama Chemical drugs, i.e. favipiravir
, an antiviral commercially named Avigan, is being considered as a possible cure to the virus,
after having been approved by China, Russia, and Indonesia authorities by June 2020.
In June 2020, Fujifilm announced a US$928 million investment to a Denmark
-based biologics production facility, which it acquired from Biogen
a year earlier for around US$890 million, to double the manufacturing capacity. A tape cartridge
using strontium ferrite
that could store up to 400TB
was showcased by Fujifilm in the late same month.
was a joint venture between Fujifilm and Xerox
Corporation of North America. After the dissolution of their partnership in 2019, Fujifilm made it a wholly owned subsidiary. In January 2020, the corporate name change was announced, from Fuji Xerox to Fujifilm Business Innovation, effective on April 1, 2021.
Fujifilm bought Sericol Ltd., a UK-based printing ink company specializing in screen, narrow web, and digital print technologies in March 2005.
Fujifilm de México is a Fujifilm subsidiary in Mexico that sells Fujifilm products since 1934 and has been recognized as one of The Best Mexican Companies
(Las Mejores Empresas Mexicanas) from 2012 to 2015, a recognition promoted by Banamex
México and Tecnológico de Monterrey
Fujifilm is active in pharmaceutical products and contract manufacturing
through its subsidiaries including Fujifilm Toyama Chemical, Fujifilm Diosynth Biotechnologies
As of July 2020, the Fujifilm Group has two operating companies, which encompass more than 300 subsidiaries in total, and three "shared services companies" under the umbrella. The group structure and a list of some Fujifilm subsidiaries are the following:
* FUJIFILM Holdings Corporation
** FUJIFILM Corporation
*** Fujifilm Imaging Systems
**** Fuji Color Photo Center
*** Fujifilm Medical
*** Fujifilm Pharma
*** Fujifilm RI Pharma
*** Fujifilm Toyama Chemical
*** Fujifilm Diosynth Biotechnologies
*** FUJIFILM Cellular Dynamics
*** Fujifilm Photo Manufacturing
*** Fujifilm Fine Chemicals
*** Fujifilm Electronics Materials
*** Fujifilm Engineering
*** Fujifilm Optics
*** Fujifilm Opto Materials
*** Fujifilm Global Graphic Systems
*** Fujifilm Computer Systems
*** Fujifilm Software
*** Fujifilm Techno Services
*** Fujifilm Techno Products
*** Fujifilm Business Supply
*** Fujifilm Digital Press
*** Fujifilm Media Crest
*** Fujifilm Sonosite, Inc.
*** Fujifilm Shizuoka
*** Fujifilm Kyushu
*** Fujifilm Logistics
** Fuji Xerox
*** Fuji Xerox Printing Systems Sales
*** Fuji Xerox Information Systems
*** Fuji Xerox System Service
*** Fuji Xerox Interfield
*** Fuji Xerox Advanced Technologies
*** Fuji Xerox Manufacturing
*** Fuji Xerox Service Creative
*** Fuji Xerox Service Link
*** Fuji Xerox Learning Institute
** FUJIFILM Business Expert Corporation
** FUJIFILM Systems Corporation
** FUJIFILM Intellectual Property Research Co., Ltd.
Image: Fujifilm X100F.jpg|Fujifilm X100F premium compact camera
* Fujifilm photographic films
* Motion picture film stock.
* Fujichrome color reversal
: one of the most saturated and fine-grained slide films, valued by nature and landscape photographers.
: a slide film giving more natural colors than Velvia
** : a fined grained, low contrast slide film often used for studio or portrait applications
: a low-contrast consumer slide film; the current emulsion is considered to be identical or near-identical to Astia in the professional line.
: slide film, featuring extremely vivid color rendering suitable for flower photography and other high-saturation applications (for Japanese market).
* Fujicolor color negative (print) films
** Fujicolor Pro
160S, 160C, 400H, and 800Z (formerly NPS, NPC, NPH, and NPZ): professional films with different levels of contrast
: the first film to use the fourth cyan-sensitive layer, currently sold under Superia Reala name
: intended for snapshots
: Cut from the same emulsion stock as Superia, but cold stored and sold as a professional film.
Professional black & white negative film. Neopan 400 and 1600 were designed to use the same developing times, and can be developed in the same tank/machine and developer combination simultaneously. ACROS and SS do not share this feature.
: ISO 100 film, most common and least expensive Neopan film
: ISO 100 film, finer grain than SS but usually more expensive
: ISO 400 speed film
**Neopan Super Presto
: ISO 1600 for low-light shooting or fast action
Cameras and lenses
* Fujifilm GFX series
cameras (medium format
*Fujifilm X series
cameras (all current models APS-C
; some past models featured a 2/3" sensor)
* The Fujifilm FinePix
series of digital camera
** Nikon F-mount
compatible digital SLR
s like the FinePix S5 Pro
** Compact cameras like the FinePix F-series
and FinePix Z-Series
, Fujifilm X100
** Waterproof and shockproof FinePix XP-Series
* The Clear Shot series of 35mm
series of instant camera
* Fotorama series of instant camera
* Various rangefinder
cameras, and older Fujica
* Professional film cameras such as the GA645,
GW670, GW690, GF670, GF670W and Fuji GX680
6x8cm medium format
camera lenses and binoculars: including the most widely used television lenses in the world
* Photographic paper
* Inkjet printer
* Magnetic media
, including audiotape (also includes the Axia brand) until 2009, videotape
, Magnetic tape data storage
and floppy disk
* Optical media, such as DVDs
, mostly produced by Ritek
and Taiyo Yuden
; some by Philips
* Flash memory
series of CMOS image sensors
* Photostimulable Phosphor Plate
* Base material for LCD
: Fuji instant film
packs and backs for sheet film cameras
* Recording Media
* Minilab equipments, announced in 2006 a global alliance with Noritsu Koki
, together holding a market share of more than 80% of the global market
* Digital X-Ray, digital mammography
and computed radiography
* Synapse Radiology PACS
* Synapse Cardiovascular PACS
* Synapse RIS
* Ultrasound systems
* Specialty Chemicals
* Biologics contract manufacturing and development
* Regenerative medicine
* Cosmetics (ASTALIFT series, Nanolift series)
Fujifilm FinePix XP130.jpg|Fujifilm FinePix XP130 yellow camera.
Fujifilm S5 pro img 1034.jpg|Fujifilm S5 Pro.
Fujifilm IS Pro.jpg|Fujifilm IS Pro.
Fujifilm Instax SQUARE SQ10 20 apr 2018a.jpg|Instant camera Fujifilm Instax SQUARE SQ10.
Instax210wide.jpg|Instant camera Fujifilm Instax 210.
Fujifilm FinePix S5500.jpg|Fujifilm FinePix S5500.
Fujifilm FinePix S700.jpg|Fujifilm FinePix S700.
Fujinon GF 32-64mm F4.jpg|Fujinon GF 32–64 mm F4 R LM WR lens.
Fujifilm's Disposable camera Vending machine.jpg|Fujifilm products in a film vending machine in Japan.
Fujica STX-1N camera.jpg|Fujifilm Fujica STX-1N.
Fujifilm GFX 50S 20170402.jpg|Fujifilm GFX 50S.
FC Admira Wacker Mödling vs. FC Red Bull Salzburg (Cup) 2017-04-26 (148).jpg|A Fujifilm television lens.
* Fujifilm FinePix
* Fujifilm cameras
* List of photographic equipment makers
* List of photographic films
* List of discontinued photographic films
* Wiki collection of bibliographic works on Fujifilm
Category:Cosmetics companies of Japan
Category:Manufacturing companies based in Tokyo
Category:Chemical companies established in 1934
Category:Electronics companies established in 1934
Category:Technology companies established in 1934
Category:Multinational companies headquartered in Japan
Category:Optics manufacturing companies
Category:Photographic film makers
Category:Photography companies of Japan
Category:Companies based in Stamford, Connecticut
Category:Recipients of the Scientific and Technical Academy Award of Merit