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Friedrich Ranke (21 September 1882 - 11 October 1950) was a German
medievalist Medieval studies is the academic interdisciplinary study of the Middle Ages In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection, the study, organization and presentation and the interpretat ...
philologist Philology is the study of language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languag ...
and
folklorist Folklore studies, also known as folkloristics, and occasionally tradition studies or folk life studies in the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, ...
. His
Old Norse Old Norse, Old Nordic, or Old Scandinavian is a stage of development of North Germanic dialects before their final divergence into separate Nordic languages. Old Norse was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia Scandinavia; : ''Skades ...
textbook ''Altnordisches Elementarbuch'' remains a standard, and all literature concerning
Gottfried von Strassburg Gottfried von Strassburg (died c. 1210) is the author of the Middle High German German courtly romance, courtly romance ', an adaptation of the 12th-century ''Tristan and Iseult'' legend. Gottfried's work is regarded, alongside the ''Nibelungenlie ...
s ''Tristan und Isold'' uses Ranke's line numbering for references to the text.


Biography

Born in
Lübeck Lübeck (; Low German Low German or Low Saxon (in the language itself: , and other names; german: Plattdeutsch, ) is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language variety spoken mainly in Northern Germany and the northeastern part of the ...

Lübeck
as one of three sons of the theologian Leopold Friedrich Ranke and his wife Julie (von Bever) (1850–1924) he was a brother of the
Egyptologist Egyptology (from ''Egypt'' and Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its populat ...
s Hermann und Otto Ranke (1880–1917). Graduating from the Katharineum at Lübeck, he studied German, English and Nordic philology at the universities of
Göttingen Göttingen (, , ; nds, Chöttingen) is a university city in Lower Saxony Lower Saxony (german: Niedersachsen ; nds, Neddersassen; stq, Läichsaksen) is a German state The Federal Republic of Germany, as a federal state, consist ...
(1902/03),
Munich Munich ( ; german: München ; bar, Minga ) is the capital and most populous city of Bavaria. With a population of 1,558,395 inhabitants as of 31 July 2020, it is the List of cities in Germany by population, third-largest city in Germany, ...
(1903/05) and
Berlin Berlin (; ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,769,495 inhabitants, as of 31 December 2019 makes it the List of cities in the European Union by ...
(1905/07). In Munich he studied with the pioneering folklorist
Friedrich von der Leyen
Friedrich von der Leyen
. In Berlin he made his publishing debut with ''Sprache und Stil im Wälschen Gast des Thomasin von Circlaria'' ("Language and style in 'The Romansh Guest' by Thomasin von Zirclaere"). His term at the University of Strassburg produced his work of German fable, folktales, ''Der Erloser in der Wiege; ein Beitrag zur Deutschen Volkssagenforschung'' ("The Redeemer in the cradle: a contribution towards German folktale research", 1911). From 1912 Ranke was occupied as a tutor in Göttingen, After returning from his service at the front in World War I he was appointed assistant professor there in German philology, and then in 1921 full professor in German philology at the University of Königsberg; in 1930 he occupied the same position at the University of Breslau, whence, silenced by the Nazis in 1937, he removed to the University of Basel, Switzerland, as professor of German philology, where he remained until his death.


Selected publications

*''Die deutschen Volkssagen''. Munich 1910 (Deutsches Sagenbuch; 4). *''Der Erlöser in der Wiege: ein Beitrag zur deutschen Volkssagenforschung''. Munich 1911. *''Tristan und Isold''. Munich 1925 (Bücher des Mittelalters; 3), Berlin 1930, etc.; Ranke's corrected second edition (1949) is still the standard modern critical edition of
Gottfried von Strassburg Gottfried von Strassburg (died c. 1210) is the author of the Middle High German German courtly romance, courtly romance ', an adaptation of the 12th-century ''Tristan and Iseult'' legend. Gottfried's work is regarded, alongside the ''Nibelungenlie ...
's text. *''Die Allegorie der Minnegrotte in Gottfrieds Tristan''. Berlin 1925 (Königsberger Gelehrte Gesellschaft/Geisteswissenschaftliche Klasse: Schriften der Königsberger Gelehrten Gesellschaft, Geisteswissenschaftliche Klasse; 2,2). Volkssagenforschung. Vorträge u. Aufsätze. Breslau 1935 (Deutschkundliche Arbeiten/A; 4). *''Altnordisches Elementarbuch. Schrifttum, Sprache, Texte mit Übersetzung und Wörterbuch''. Berlin 1937 *''Gott, Welt und Humanität in der deutschen Dichtung des Mittelalters''. Basel 1952. His articles were assembled and reprinted as ''Kleinere Schriften''. Bern/Munich 1971 (in series ''Bibliotheca Germanica'' 12). *''Die Überlieferung von Gottfrieds Tristan''. Darmstadt 1974. There are detailed accounts of Ranke, by Hartmut Freytag in Alken Bruns, ed.''Lübecker Lebensläufe'', (Neumünster: Karl Wachholtz Verlag) 1993, , S. 317-320; and by Rolf-Wilhelm Brednich in ''Enzyklopädie des Märchens'' vol 11 (2004), pp203–207.


See also

* Eugen Mogk * Hugo Gering * Rudolf Much {{DEFAULTSORT:Ranke, Friedrich 1882 births 1950 deaths Germanic studies scholars German philologists Germanists Writers from Lübeck 20th-century philologists