HOME

TheInfoList




In a number of countries, plants have been chosen as symbols to represent specific geographic areas. Some countries have a country-wide floral emblem; others in addition have symbols representing subdivisions. Different processes have been used to adopt these symbols – some are conferred by government bodies, whereas others are the result of informal public polls. The term floral emblem, which refers to flowers specifically, is primarily used in Australia and Canada. In the United States, the term state flower is more often used.


National plants


Africa


Mauritius

The national flower of
Mauritius Mauritius ( ; french: Maurice, link=no ; mfe, label=, Moris ]), officially the Republic of Mauritius, is an in the about 2,000 kilometres (1,200 mi) off the southeast coast of the African continent, east of . It includes the main isla ...

Mauritius
is ''
Trochetia boutoniana ''Trochetia boutoniana'' also known by its native Mauritian Creole, Creole name boucle d'oreille is a shrub from the genus ''Trochetia'' endemic to Mauritius. Traditionally included in the family (biology), family Sterculiaceae, it is included in ...
''.


Seychelles

The national flower of the
Seychelles Seychelles (; ), officially the Republic of Seychelles (french: link=no, République des Seychelles; Creole: ''La Repiblik Sesel''), is an archipelagic island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country ...

Seychelles
is the tropicbird orchid (known locally as ''orkid payanke''), ''
Angraecum eburneum ''Angraecum eburneum'' is a species of orchid. Their common name the "comet orchid". They generally grow up to 2 meters in height and grows 10 to 15 flowers per plant. They are native to Madagascar Madagascar (; mg, Madagasikara), official ...
''.


South Africa

The national flower of
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital citie ...

South Africa
is the
King Protea ''Protea cynaroides'', also called the king protea, is a flowering plant. It is a distinctive member of '' Protea'', having the largest head (botany), flower head in the genus. The species is also known as giant protea, honeypot or king sugar b ...

King Protea
, ''Protea cynaroides''.


Tunisia

The national flower of
Tunisia ) , image_map = Tunisia location (orthographic projection).svg , map_caption = Location of Tunisia in northern Africa Africa is the world's second-largest and second-most populous , after in both cases. At about 30.3 million km2 (11. ...

Tunisia
is
jasmine Jasmine ( taxonomic name ''Jasminum'' ) is a genus Genus /ˈdʒiː.nəs/ (plural genera /ˈdʒen.ər.ə/) is a taxonomic rank In biological classification In biology, taxonomy () is the scientific study of naming, defining (Circu ...

jasmine
. It was chosen as a symbol for the 2010 Tunisian Revolution.


Asia


Bangladesh

The national flower of
Bangladesh Bangladesh (, bn, বাংলাদেশ, ), officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a country in South Asia South Asia is the southern region of Asia, which is defined in both geography, geographical and culture, ethno-c ...

Bangladesh
is the
water lily
water lily
''
Nymphaea nouchali
Nymphaea nouchali
''. It is called ''shada shapla'' (সাদা শাপলা) in the
Bengali language Bengali (), also known by its endonym An endonym (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Euro ...
.


Brunei

The national flower of
Brunei Brunei ( ; ), officially the Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace ( ms, Negara Brunei Darussalam, Jawi alphabet, Jawi: ), is a sovereign state, country located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. Apart from its coa ...

Brunei
is
Simpoh Ayer ''Dillenia suffruticosa'' (simpoh ayer) is a species of ''Dillenia'' found in tropical South East Asia in secondary forest and swamp, swampy ground. It is a large, evergreen shrub to 6 metres high. It flowers continuously with yellow flowers 10 t ...
(''Dillenia suffruticosa'').


Cambodia

Cambodia Cambodia (; also Kampuchea ; km, កម្ពុជា, ), officially the Kingdom of Cambodia, is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochinese peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is in area, bordered by Thailand to Cambodia–T ...

Cambodia
formally adopted the ''romduol'' ( km, រំដួល) as its national flower in the year 2005 by a royal decree. The royal decree designates the taxon as ''Mitrella mesnyi'', however, this is a taxonomically illegitimate synonym for ''
Sphaerocoryne affinis ''Sphaerocoryne affinis'' (notable synonyms: ''Mitrella mesnyi'') is a species of flowering plant in the soursop family, Annonaceae. The fragrant flowers of ''Sphaerocoryne affinis'' are highly regarded in Cambodia and Thailand. Description This ...
''.


Hong Kong

The symbolic flower of
Hong Kong Hong Kong (; , ), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China (HKSAR), is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Pe ...

Hong Kong
is the Hong Kong orchid tree ("洋紫荊"), ''Bauhinia blakeana''.


India

The national flower of
India India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi Hindi (Devanagari: , हिंदी, ISO 15919, ISO: ), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: , ISO 15919, ISO: ), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken chiefly in Hindi Belt, ...

India
is the
lotus flower ''Nelumbo nucifera'', also known as Indian lotus, sacred lotus, or simply lotus, is one of two extant Extant is the opposite of the word extinct. It may refer to: * Extant hereditary titles * Extant literature, surviving literature, such as ' ...

lotus flower
''(Nelumbo nucifera)''. It is a sacred flower and occupies a unique position in the art and mythology of ancient India and has been an auspicious symbol of Indian culture since time immemorial.


Indonesia

There are three types of floral emblems used to symbolize
Indonesia Indonesia ( ), officially the Republic of Indonesia ( id, Republik Indonesia, links=yes ), is a country in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia, also spelled South East Asia and South-East Asia, and also known as Southeastern Asia or SEA, is t ...

Indonesia
: * The ''puspa bangsa'' ("national flower") of Indonesia is ''
melati
melati
'' (''Jasminum sambac''). * The ''puspa pesona'' ("flower of charm") is ''anggrek bulan'' or moon orchid (''
Phalaenopsis amabilis ''Phalaenopsis amabilis'', commonly known as the moon orchid or moth orchid in India India (Hindi: ), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: ), is a country in South Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, second ...

Phalaenopsis amabilis
''). * The ''puspa langka'' ("rare flower") is ''padma raksasa rafflesia'' (''
Rafflesia arnoldii ''Rafflesia arnoldii'', the corpse flower or giant padma, is a species of flowering plant in the parasitic genus ''Rafflesia ''Rafflesia'' () is a genus Genus (plural genera) is a taxonomic rank Taxonomy (general) is the practice and scienc ...
''). All three were chosen on
World Environment Day World Environment Day (WED) is celebrated annually on 5 June and is the United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization aiming to maintain international peace and international security, security, develop f ...
in 1990, and enforced by law through Presidential Decree (''Keputusan Presiden'') No. 4 1993, On the other occasion, ''Bunga Bangkai'' (''
Titan arum ''Amorphophallus titanum'', the titan arum, is a flowering plant Flowering plants include multiple members of the clade Angiospermae (), commonly called angiosperms. The term "angiosperm" is derived from the Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may r ...
'') was also added as ''puspa langka'' together with ''Rafflesia''. ''Melati'' (''Jasminum sambac''), a small white flower with sweet fragrance, has long been considered a sacred flower in Indonesian tradition, as it symbolizes purity, sacredness, graceful simplicity and sincerity. For example, on her wedding day, a traditional Indonesian bride's hair is often adorned with arrangements of jasmine, while the groom's
kris The kris or ''keris'' in the Indonesian Indonesian is anything of, from, or related to Indonesia, an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. It may refer to: * Indonesians, citizens of Indonesia ** Native Indonesians, diverse groups of local ...

kris
is often adorned with a lock of jasmine. However, jasmine is also often used as a floral offering for spirits and deities, and also often present during funerals, which has caused it to be seen as having mystical and sacred properties. Moon orchid was chosen for its beauty, while the other two rare flowers, ''Rafflesia arnoldii'' and ''Titan arum'', were chosen to demonstrate uniqueness and Indonesia's rich biodiversity. Each of the 34
provinces of Indonesia Provinces of Indonesia are the 34 administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, ...
also has a native plant as its provincial flower.


Iran

The national flower of
Iran Iran ( fa, ایران ), also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia Western Asia, West Asia, or Southwest Asia, is the westernmost subregion A subregion is a part of a larger regio ...

Iran
is the water lily which is also called
nymphaea ''Nymphaea'' is a genus of hardiness (plants), hardy and tender aquatic plants in the family Nymphaeaceae. The genus has a cosmopolitan distribution. Many species are cultivated as ornamental plants, and many cultivars have been bred. Some taxa ...

nymphaea
(''Niloofare Abi'', in
Persian Persian may refer to: * People and things from Iran, historically called ''Persia'' in the English language ** Persians, Persian people, the majority ethnic group in Iran, not to be conflated with the Iranian peoples ** Persian language, an Iranian ...
). The flower is the national flower of
Iran Iran ( fa, ایران ), also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia Western Asia, West Asia, or Southwest Asia, is the westernmost subregion A subregion is a part of a larger regio ...

Iran
since the
Achaemenid Empire The Achaemenid Empire (; peo, 𐎧𐏁𐏂, translit=Xšāça, translation=The Empire), also called the First Persian Empire, was an ancient Iranian Iranian may refer to: * Iran Iran ( fa, ایران ), also called Persia and offi ...

Achaemenid Empire
era (552 BC).


Israel

The national flower of
Israel Israel (; he, יִשְׂרָאֵל, translit=Yīsrāʾēl; ar, إِسْرَائِيل, translit=ʾIsrāʾīl), officially the State of Israel ( he, מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל, label=none, translit=Medīnat Yīsrāʾēl; ), is a ...

Israel
is the poppy anemone (''
Anemone coronaria ''Anemone'' () is a genus of flowering plants in the buttercup family (biology), family Ranunculaceae. Plants of the genus are commonly called windflowers. They are Native plant, native to the Temperate climate, temperate and Subtropics, subtrop ...

Anemone coronaria
''; ''calanit metzuya'' in
Hebrew Hebrew (, , or ) is a Northwest Semitic languages, Northwest Semitic language of the Afroasiatic languages, Afroasiatic language family. Historically, it is regarded as one of the spoken languages of the Israelites and their longest-survivi ...
), chosen in 2013 to replace ''
Cyclamen persicum ''Cyclamen persicum'', the Persian cyclamen, is a species In biology, a species is the basic unit of biological classification, classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodiversity. A species is often defined ...

Cyclamen persicum
''.הכלנית: הזוכה בתחרות "הפרח של ישראל"
ynet Ynet (stylized as ynet) is one of the major Israel Israel (; he, יִשְׂרָאֵל, translit=Yīsrāʾēl; ar, إِسْرَائِيل, translit=ʾIsrāʾīl), officially the State of Israel ( he, מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵ ...
, November 25th, 2013.


Jordan

The national flower of
Jordan Jordan ( ar, الأردن; tr. ' ), officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan,; tr. ') is a country in Western Asia Western Asia, West Asia, or Southwest Asia, is the westernmost subregion A subregion is a part of a larger region In ge ...

Jordan
is Black iris ''(Iris nigricans)''.


Laos

The national flower of
Laos , national_anthem = "Pheng Xat Lao "Pheng Sat Lāo" () is the national anthem A national anthem is a song that officially symbolizes a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often r ...

Laos
is the (''champa''), despite it no longer being endemic.


Malaysia

The national flower of
Malaysia Malaysia ( ; ) is a country in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia, also spelled South East Asia and South-East Asia, and also known as Southeastern Asia or SEA, is the geographical southeastern subregion of Asia, consisting of the regions ...

Malaysia
is the ''bunga raya'' (Chinese hibiscus, ''
Hibiscus rosa-sinensis ''Hibiscus rosa-sinensis'', known colloquially as Chinese hibiscus, China rose, Hawaiian hibiscus, rose mallow and shoeblack plant, is a of tropical hibiscus, a in the of the Malvaceae. It is widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical re ...

Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
'').


Maldives

The national flower of the
Maldives Maldives (, ; dv, ދިވެހިރާއްޖެ, translit=Dhivehi Raajje IPA: ), officially the Republic of Maldives, is an archipelagic country in the Indian subcontinent of Asia, situated in the Indian Ocean. It lies southwest of Sri Lanka and ...

Maldives
is the pink polyantha rose ('' Rosa polyantha''), called ''fiyaathoshi finifenmaa''.


Mongolia

The national flower of
Mongolia Mongolia (, mn, Монгол Улс, Mongol Uls, Mongolian script, Traditional Mongolian: '; literal translation, lit. "Mongol Nation" or "State of Mongolia") is a landlocked country in East Asia. It is bordered by Russia Mongolia–Russia ...

Mongolia
is '' Scabiosa comosa'' ( mn, бэр цэцэг, ''ber tsetseg'').


Myanmar

The national flower of
Myanmar Myanmar, ); UK pronunciations: US pronunciations incl. . Note: Wikipedia's IPA conventions require indicating /r/ even in British English although only some British English speakers pronounce r at the end of syllables. As John C. Wells, John ...

Myanmar
is ''
Pterocarpus indicus ''Pterocarpus indicus'' (commonly known as Amboyna wood, Malay padauk, Papua New Guinea rosewood, Philippine mahogany, Andaman redwood, Burmese rosewood, narra and asana in the Philippines, angsana, or Pashu padauk) is a species of ''Pterocarpus' ...
'' (''paduak'').


Nepal

The national flower of
Nepal Nepal (; ne, नेपाल ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal ( ne, सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल ), is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is ma ...

Nepal
is the
rhododendron ''Rhododendron'' (from Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language Greek ( el, label=Modern Greek Modern Greek (, , or , ''Kiní Neoellinikí Glóssa''), generally referred to by speakers simply as G ...

rhododendron
.


North Korea

The national flower of
North Korea North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. It borders China and Russia to the north, at the Yalu River, Yalu (Amnok) and Tu ...

North Korea
is the Korean mountain magnolia (''
Magnolia sieboldii ''Magnolia sieboldii'', or Siebold's magnolia, also known as Korean mountain magnolia and Oyama magnolia, is a species of ''Magnolia'' native to east Asia in China, Japan, and Korea. It is named after the Germany, German doctor Philipp Franz von ...

Magnolia sieboldii
'',
Korean Korean may refer to: People and culture * Koreans Koreans ( South Korean: , , North Korean: , , ; see names of Korea There are various names of Korea in use today, all derived from ancient kingdoms and dynasties. The modern English name " ...
: 목란/ ''mongnan''). Pakistan The national flower of
Pakistan Pakistan, . Pronounced variably in English as , , , and . officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world's List of countries and dependencies by population, fifth-most populous country, with a popul ...

Pakistan
is also known as ''Jasminum officinale.''


Philippines

The
Philippines The Philippines (; fil, Pilipinas, links=no), officially the Republic of the Philippines ( fil, Republika ng Pilipinas, links=no), * bik, Republika kan Filipinas * ceb, Republika sa Pilipinas * cbk, República de Filipinas * hil, Republ ...

Philippines
adopted the '''' (Arabian jasmine, ''Jasminum sambac'') in 1934 as its national flower because it symbolises purity and cleanliness due to its colour and sweet smell. It is popularly strung into garlands that are presented to visitors and dignitaries, and is a common offering to religious images. Sampaguita in filipino language is a direct loan word from the Indian
sanskrit Sanskrit (; attributively , ; nominalization, nominally , , ) is a classical language of South Asia that belongs to the Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European languages. It arose in South Asia after its predecessor langua ...

sanskrit
word "campaka". William Henry Scott, 1984
Prehispanic Source Materials for the Study of Philippine History
accessed 1 July 2021.
Jean-Paul G. POTET, 2013, Arabian and Persian loanwords in Tagalog, p. 250. Plants of some species of flowers like sampaguita, fruits like
mango A mango is an edible stone fruit ), showing both fruit In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering. Fruits are the means by which angiosper ...

mango
and , vegetables like
ampalaya ''Momordica charantia'' (colloquial Colloquialism or colloquial language is the style (sociolinguistics), linguistic style used for casual communication. It is the most common functional style of speech, the idiom normally employed in conversa ...

ampalaya
, , , name of Philippine's pre-christian chief god
Bathala In ancient Tagalog indigenous religion, Bathalang Maykapal is the Transcendence (religion), transcendent Supreme Being; the originator and ruler of universe. He is commonly known and referred to as Bathala; a term or title which, in the earlier ...
(from
sanskrit Sanskrit (; attributively , ; nominalization, nominally , , ) is a classical language of South Asia that belongs to the Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European languages. It arose in South Asia after its predecessor langua ...

sanskrit
'''', came from India during pre-Spanish Indianised trade and influences.M.c. Halili, 2004
Philippine History
Rex Bookstore, p. 49.
Among strong traces of continuity of Hindu influence in Philippines are placing of sampaguita garland around the neck of visitors to show hospitality and friendship, for prosperity, performing paninilbihan, paying dowry, visiting a shrine to pray for fertility, etc.Cecilio D. Duka, 2008
Struggle for Freedom
Rex Bookstore, p. 35.


Singapore

The national flower of
Singapore Singapore (), officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign state, sovereign island city-state in maritime Southeast Asia. It lies about one degree of latitude () north of the equator, off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, bor ...

Singapore
is a hybrid orchid
cultivar A cultivar is a type of plant that people have bred for desired traits, which are reproduced in each new generation by a method such as grafting, tissue culture or carefully controlled seed production. Most cultivars arise from purposeful human ...
known as the Singapore orchid or (''Papilionanthe teres'' × ''Papilionanthe hookeriana'').


South Korea

The national flower of
South Korea South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korea, Korean Peninsula and sharing a Korean Demilitarized Zone, land border with North Korea. Its western border is for ...

South Korea
is ''''. Known in South Korea as ''mugunghwa'' (
Korean Korean may refer to: People and culture * Koreans Koreans ( South Korean: , , North Korean: , , ; see names of Korea There are various names of Korea in use today, all derived from ancient kingdoms and dynasties. The modern English name " ...
: 무궁화), the flower's symbolism relates to the Korean word ''mugung'', which means "eternity" or "inexhaustible abundance". Despite being made the national flower officially after Korea regained its independence from Japan, ''mugunghwa'' has been associated with Korean culture for many centuries, with the Silla kingdom having called itself the "Country of the Mugunghwa" (Korean: 근화향, Romanized: ''Geunhwahyang'').


Sri Lanka

The national flower of
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka (, ; si, ශ්‍රී ලංකාව, Śrī Laṅkā, translit-std=ISO (); ta, இலங்கை, Ilaṅkai, translit-std=ISO ()), formerly known as Ceylon, and officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is ...

Sri Lanka
is ''Nil mānel'' (නිල් මානෙල්), the blue-star water-lily (''
Nymphaea stellata ''Nymphaea nouchali'', often known by its Synonym (taxonomy), synonym ''Nymphaea stellata'', or by common names blue lotus, star lotus, red and blue water lily, blue star water lily or manel flower is a Nymphaeaceae, water lily of genus ''Nympha ...
''). Although ''nil'' means "blue" in
Sinhala Sinhala may refer to: * Something of or related to the Sinhalese people of Sri Lanka * Sinhalese people * Sinhala language, one of the three official languages used in Sri Lanka * Sinhala script, a writing system for the Sinhala language ** Sinhala ...
, the Sinhalese name of this plant is often rendered as "water-lily" in English. This beautiful aquatic flower appears in the
Sigiriya Sigiriya or Sinhagiri (''Lion Rock'' si, සීගිරිය, ta, சிகிரியா/சிங்ககிரி, pronounced see-gi-ri-yə) is an ancient rock fortress located in the northern Matale District near the town of Dambulla ...

Sigiriya
frescoes and has been mentioned in ancient
Sanskrit Sanskrit (; attributively , ; nominalization, nominally , , ) is a classical language of South Asia that belongs to the Indo-Aryan languages, Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European languages. It arose in South Asia after its predecessor langua ...

Sanskrit
,
Pali Pali () is a Middle Indo-AryanIndo-Aryan refers to: * Indo-Aryan languages ** Indo-Aryan superstrate in Mitanni or Mitanni-Aryan * Indo-Aryan peoples, the various peoples speaking these languages See also *Aryan invasion theory (disambiguat ...
and Sinhala literary works.
Buddhist Buddhism (, ) is the world's fourth-largest religion Religion is a social Social organisms, including humans, live collectively in interacting populations. This interaction is considered social whether they are aware of it or not, an ...

Buddhist
lore in Sri Lanka claims that this flower was one of the 108 auspicious signs found on Prince 's footprint.


Taiwan

The national flower of the
Republic of China Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia. It shares Maritime boundary, maritime borders with the China, People's Republic of China (PRC) to the northwest, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the sout ...

Republic of China
was officially designated as the
plum blossom ''Prunus mume'' is an East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and Northern Hemisphere, Northern Hemisphere of ...

plum blossom
by the
Executive Yuan The Executive Yuan is the executive branch The executive is the branch of government exercising authority in and holding Moral responsibility, responsibility for the governance of a State (polity), state. The executive executes and enforce ...
on 21 July 1964.Government Information Office, Republic of China - National Flower
The plum blossom, known as the ''meihua'' (), is a symbol of resilience and perseverance in the face of adversity, because plum trees often bloom most vibrantly even during the harshest winters. The triple grouping of stamens represents Dr.
Sun Yat-sen Sun Yat-sen (; born Sun Deming; 12 November 1866 – 12 March 1925) Singtao daily. Saturday edition. 23 October 2010. section A18. Sun Yat-sen Xinhai revolution 100th anniversary edition . was a Chinese statesman A statesman or stateswoman ...

Sun Yat-sen
's
Three Principles of the People The Three Principles of the People (; also translated as Three People's Principles, San-min Doctrine, or Tridemism) is a political philosophy developed by Sun Yat-sen as part of a philosophy to improve China. The three principles are often tran ...
, while the five petals symbolize the five branches of the government.National Flag, Anthem and Flower
/ref>


Thailand

The national flower of
Thailand Thailand ( th, ประเทศไทย), historically known as Siam, () officially the Kingdom of Thailand, is a country in Southeast Asia. It is located at the centre of the Mainland Southeast Asia, Indochinese Peninsula, spanning , wi ...

Thailand
is the
Golden Shower Tree ''Cassia fistula'', commonly known as golden shower, purging cassia, Indian laburnum, or pudding-pipe tree,U. S. Department of Agriculture, William Saunders; Catalogue of Economic Plants in the Collection of the U. S. Department of Agriculture; W ...

Golden Shower Tree
(''Cassia fistula''), locally known as ''dok khuen'' or ''rachapruek''.


Europe


Andorra

*Andorra–
Narcissus poeticus ''Narcissus poeticus'', the poet's daffodil, poet's narcissus, nargis, pheasant's eye, findern flower or pinkster lily, was one of the first daffodils to be cultivated, and is frequently identified as the narcissus of ancient times (although ''Na ...

Narcissus poeticus


Austria

The national flower of
Austria Austria (, ; german: Österreich ), officially the Republic of Austria (german: Republik Österreich, links=no, ), is a landlocked Eastern Alps, East Alpine country in the southern part of Central Europe. It is composed of nine States o ...

Austria
is
edelweiss ''Leontopodium nivale'', commonly called edelweiss ( German: ''Alpen-Edelweiß'', English pronunciation ), is a mountain flower belonging to the daisy or sunflower family Asteraceae The family In human society, family (from la, familia ...

edelweiss
(''Leontopodium nivale'').


Belgium

*
Brussels Brussels (french: Bruxelles or ; nl, Brussel ), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (french: link=no, Région de Bruxelles-Capitale; nl, link=no, Brusse ...

Brussels
– '''' *
Flanders Flanders (, ; Dutch Dutch commonly refers to: * Something of, from, or related to the Netherlands * Dutch people () * Dutch language () *Dutch language , spoken in Belgium (also referred as ''flemish'') Dutch may also refer to:" Castle * ...

Flanders
poppy A poppy is a flowering plant Flowering plants include multiple members of the clade Angiospermae (), commonly called angiosperms. The term "angiosperm" is derived from the Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, f ...

poppy
*
Wallonia Wallonia (; french: link=no, Wallonie ; wa, link=no, Waloneye; german: link=no, Wallonien or ; nl, link=no, Wallonië ) is one of the three regions In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description" ...

Wallonia
– ''
Gaillardia ''Gaillardia'' (common name blanket flower) is a genus of flowering plants in the sunflower family, Asteraceae, native to North America, North and South America. It was named after Maître Gaillard de Charentonneau, an 18th-century French magist ...

Gaillardia
''


Bulgaria

*Bulgaria –
rose A rose is a woody perennial plant, perennial flowering plant of the genus ''Rosa'', in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears. There are over three hundred Rose species, species and Garden roses, tens of thousands of cultivars. They form ...

rose


Croatia

*Croatia – ''
Iris croatica ''Iris croatica'' is a bearded Rhizome, rhizomatous species of Iris (plant), iris (subgenus ''Iris'') endemic to Croatia. Description It has branched stems and dark violet flowers. Like other irises, it has 2 pairs of petals, 3 large sepals (oute ...
'' (unofficial)


Cyprus

*Cyprus – ''
Cyclamen cyprium ''Cyclamen cyprium'' (Cyprus cyclamen) is a perennial plant, perennial growing from a tuber, native plant, native to woodland at sea level, elevation in the mountains of Cyprus. It is the floral emblem, national flower. ''Cyclamen persicum'' and ...

Cyclamen cyprium
''


Czech Republic

*Czech Republic – ''
Tilia ''Tilia'' is a genus Genus /ˈdʒiː.nəs/ (plural genera /ˈdʒen.ər.ə/) is a taxonomic rank In biological classification In biology, taxonomy () is the scientific study of naming, defining (Circumscription (taxonomy), circumscr ...
''


Denmark

*Denmark –
red clover ''Trifolium pratense'', the red clover, is a herbaceous plant, herbaceous species of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, native to Europe, Western Asia, and northwest Africa, but planted and naturalized in many other regions. Descript ...

red clover
(''Trifolium pratense'') and (''Argyranthemum frutescens''). The latter is often modified to
oxeye daisy ''Leucanthemum vulgare'', commonly known as the ox-eye daisy, oxeye daisy, dog daisy, marguerite (french: Marguerite commune, "common marguerite") and other common names, is a widespread flowering plant native to Europe and the temperate regions o ...
(''Leucanthemum vulgare''), a rather similar species that is native to the country (the marguerite daisy is not)


England

*
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...

England
Tudor rose The Tudor rose (sometimes called the Union rose) is the traditional floral heraldic emblem of England England is a that is part of the . It shares land borders with to its west and to its north. The lies northwest of England and th ...

Tudor rose


Estonia

*Estonia –
cornflower ''Centaurea cyanus'', commonly known as cornflower or bachelor's button, is an annual flowering plant Flowering plants include multiple members of the clade Angiospermae (), commonly called angiosperms. The term "angiosperm" is derived from ...

cornflower


Finland

*Finland –
lily of the valley Lily of the valley, ''Convallaria majalis'' (), sometimes written lily-of-the-valley, is a woodland flowering plant The flowering plants, also known as Angiospermae (), or Magnoliophyta (), are the most diverse group of Embryophyte, land plant ...

lily of the valley


France

*Brittany – ''
Ulex ''Ulex'' (commonly known as gorse, furze, or whin) is a genus Genus /ˈdʒiː.nəs/ (plural genera /ˈdʒen.ər.ə/) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of extant taxon, living and fossil organisms as well as Virus class ...
'' and (''Calluna'')


Guernsey

*Guernsey – ''
Nerine sarniensis ''Nerine sarniensis'', commonly known as Guernsey lily or Jersey lily, is a species of flowering plant in the family Amaryllidaceae. It is the type species of the ''Nerine'' genus. It is widely cultivated in the temperateness, temperate world and ...
''


Iceland

*Iceland – White dryad (''
Dryas octopetala ''Dryas octopetala'', the mountain avens, eightpetal mountain-avens, white dryas or white dryad, is an Arctic–alpine flowering plant in the family (biology), family Rosaceae. It is a small Prostrate shrub, prostrate evergreen subshrub forming lar ...

Dryas octopetala
'')


Lithuania

*Lithuania –
rue ''Ruta graveolens'' . ''strong smelling rue'' commonly known as rue, common rue or herb-of-grace, is a species of '' Ruta'' grown as an ornamental plant plant Ornamental plants are plants that are grown for decorative purposes in gardens ...

rue
James Minahan. ''The complete guide to national symbols and emblems, Vol. 1''. Greenwood Press. 2009.


Northern Ireland

*
Northern Ireland Northern Ireland ( ga, Tuaisceart Éireann ; sco, label=Ulster-ScotsUlster Scots, also known as Scotch-Irish, may refer to: * Ulster Scots people The Ulster Scots (Ulster-Scots The Ulster Scots (Ulster Scots dialects, Ulster- ...

Northern Ireland
,


Poland

*Poland –
red poppy ''Papaver rhoeas'', with common name Common may refer to: Places * Common, a townland in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland * Boston Common Boston Common (also known as the Common) is a central public park in downtown Boston, Massachusetts. It ...

red poppy
*
Kashubia pl, Kaszubygerman: Kaschubei, Kaschubien , native_name_lang = csb, de, csb , settlement_type = Historical region , anthem = Zemia Rodnô , image_map = Kashubians in ...


Portugal

Portugal does not officially have a national flower, though the lavender is commonly cited. The Dianthus caryophyllus, carnation (''Dianthus caryophyllus'') is also a symbol of the nation's triumph against the authoritarian far-right Estado Novo (Portugal), Estado Novo dictatorship, known as the Carnation Revolution.


Russia

The national flower of Russia is chamomile.


Slovakia

* Slovakia – ''
Tilia ''Tilia'' is a genus Genus /ˈdʒiː.nəs/ (plural genera /ˈdʒen.ər.ə/) is a taxonomic rank In biological classification In biology, taxonomy () is the scientific study of naming, defining (Circumscription (taxonomy), circumscr ...
''


Spain

The national flower of Spain is the red carnation.


Sweden

The national flower of Sweden is Campanula rotundifolia, known as ''small bluebell''. It won a public vote in 2021.


Switzerland

The national flower of Switzerland is
edelweiss ''Leontopodium nivale'', commonly called edelweiss ( German: ''Alpen-Edelweiß'', English pronunciation ), is a mountain flower belonging to the daisy or sunflower family Asteraceae The family In human society, family (from la, familia ...

edelweiss
(''Leontopodium nivale'').


United Kingdom

Each of the United Kingdom's four constituent countries has one or more national flower: *
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...

England
Tudor rose The Tudor rose (sometimes called the Union rose) is the traditional floral heraldic emblem of England England is a that is part of the . It shares land borders with to its west and to its north. The lies northwest of England and th ...

Tudor rose
* Wales – daffodil, leek *
Northern Ireland Northern Ireland ( ga, Tuaisceart Éireann ; sco, label=Ulster-ScotsUlster Scots, also known as Scotch-Irish, may refer to: * Ulster Scots people The Ulster Scots (Ulster-Scots The Ulster Scots (Ulster Scots dialects, Ulster- ...

Northern Ireland
, * Scotland – thistle, Scots pine


Ukraine

The national flower of Ukraine is ''Viburnum'', cherry, or sunflower.


North America


Canada

The maple leaf is widely used as a symbol for Canada. The maple tree was officially recognized as Canada's arboreal emblem in 1996. Canada's provinces and territories also have official provincial or territorial floral emblems: * Ontario: white trillium (''Trillium grandiflorum''), adopted in 1937. * Quebec: Iris versicolor, blue flag (''Iris versicolor''), adopted in November 1999. * Nova Scotia: Epigaea repens, mayflower (''Epigea repens''), adopted in 1901. * New Brunswick: purple violet (''Viola cucullata''), adopted in 1936. * Manitoba: prairie crocus (''Pulsatilla ludoviciana''), adopted in 1906. * British Columbia: Pacific dogwood (''Cornus nuttallii''), adopted in 1956. * Prince Edward Island: Cypripedium acaule, lady's slipper (''Cypripedium acaule''), a species of orchid, adopted in 1947. * Saskatchewan: western red lily (''Lilium philadelphicum'' var. ''andinum''), adopted in 1941. * Alberta: wild rose (''Rosa acicularis''), also known as the prickly rose, adopted in 1930. * Newfoundland and Labrador: northern pitcher plant (''Sarracenia purpurea''), adopted in 1954. It was first chosen as a symbol of Newfoundland by Queen Victoria, and was used on the island's coinage until 1938. * Northwest Territories: mountain avens (''Dryas octopetala''), adopted in 1957. * Yukon: fireweed (''Epilobium angustifolium''), adopted in 1957. * Nunavut: purple saxifrage (''Saxifraga oppositifolia''), unanimously adopted by the Legislative Assembly of Nunavut on May 1, 2000. Many Canadian flags and coats-of-arms have floral emblems on them. The flag of Montreal has four floral emblems. On the right side of the flag of Saskatchewan overlapping both green and gold halves is the western red lily, the provincial floral emblem. The coat of arms of Port Coquitlam has the city's floral emblem, the azalea, displayed on a collar. The coat of arms of Prince Edward Island displays lady's slippers, the floral emblem of the island. When coat of arms of Nova Scotia were reassumed in 1929, the trailing arbutus or mayflower, the floral emblem of Nova Scotia, was added.


Mexico

The national flower of Mexico is the dahlia (''Dahlia pinnata'').


United States

In 1986, President Ronald Reagan signed legislation to make the
rose A rose is a woody perennial plant, perennial flowering plant of the genus ''Rosa'', in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears. There are over three hundred Rose species, species and Garden roses, tens of thousands of cultivars. They form ...

rose
the national floral emblem of the United States. In each of the U.S. states, List of U.S. state and territory flowers, state flowers and List of U.S. state trees, trees have also been adopted as symbols by state legislatures.


Central America and the Caribbean


Antigua and Barbuda

The national flower of Antigua and Barbuda is ''Agave karatto'', also known as "dagger log" or "batta log".


The Bahamas

The national flower of the Bahamas is the Yellow Elder (''Tecoma stans'').


Barbados

The national flower of Barbados is known locally as the Pride of Barbados (''Caesalpinia pulcherrima'').


Belize

The national flower of Belize is the black orchid (''Prosthechea cochleata'').


Costa Rica

The national flower of Costa Rica is the ''guaria morada'' (''Guarianthe skinneri'').


Dominica

The national flower of Dominica is ''Poitea carinalis, Sabinea carinalis'', commonly known as Carib wood or ''Bois Caraibe''.


Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic's national flower was originally the flower of the ''caoba'' (mahogany tree, ''Swietenia mahagoni''). In 2011, the mahogany was dubbed the national tree, vacating the national flower spot for the Bayahibe rose (''Pereskia quisqueyana'') in order to bring attention to its conservation.


Guatemala

The national flower of Guatemala is the ''monja blanca'' (''Lycaste skinneri'' var. ''alba'').


Haiti

The national flower of Haiti is the ''Choeblack'' or ''rose kayenn'' (''Hibiscus'').Embassy of the Republic of Haiti: National Symbols


Honduras

The national flower of Honduras is the orchid ''Rhyncholaelia digbyana''.


Jamaica

The national flower of Jamaica is the lignum vitae (''Guaiacum officinale'').


Oceania


Australia

Golden Wattle (''Acacia pycnantha'') was officially proclaimed the floral emblem of Australia on 1 September 1988.


French Polynesia

The Tahitian gardenia (tiare flower) is the national flower of Tahiti, French Polynesia, and the Cook Islands.


Fiji

The national flower of Fiji is ''tagimaucia'' (''Medinilla waterhousei''), a vine with red and white flowers endemic to the highlands of the island of Taveuni.


New Zealand

New Zealand does not have an official national flower, but the silver fern (foliage) is acknowledged as its national emblem. The Kowhai (''Sophora'' spp., native trees with yellow cascading flowers) is usually regarded as the national flower. Other plant emblems are Koru (a curled fern symbol) and the crimson-flowered Pohutukawa (''Metrosideros excelsa''), also called New Zealand's Christmas tree.


Tonga

The ''heilala'' (''Garcinia sessilis'') is Tonga's national flower. The name of Tonga's beauty pageant, the Heilala Festival, is taken from this flower. Resorts as well as consumer products are also often named after this flower, such as the Heilala Lodge and Heilala Vanilla. The flower is also used in Tonga for medicinal and ornamental purposes.


South America


Argentina

The national flower of Argentina is the flower of the Erythrina crista-galli, ceibo tree (''Erythrina crista-galli''), also known as ''seibo'' or ''bucaré''.


Bolivia

Bolivia has two national flowers: the ''kantuta'' (''Cantua buxifolia'') and ''patujú'' (''Heliconia rostrata'').


Brazil

The national flower of Brazil is the flower of the golden trumpet tree (''Handroanthus albus'').


Chile

The national flower of Chile is the copihue (''Lapageria rosea'').


Colombia

''Cattleya trianae'' is the national flower of Colombia and is the orchid which flowers in May. The May flower was chosen because the colors are the same as those of the Flag of Colombia, Colombian flag.


Guyana

The national flower of Guyana is the Victoria amazonica, Victoria regia lily (''Victoria amazonica'').


Peru

The national flower of Peru is the cantuta (also spelled ''kantuta'' or ''qantuta'', from Quechua language, Quechua ''qantu''). It can be found in the high valleys of the Andes in Peru and Bolivia.


Paraguay

The national flower of Paraguay is Passiflora, Mburucuyá.


Suriname

Called ''faya lobi'' ("fiery love") in Sranantongo, the jungle geranium (''Ixora coccinea'') is commonly considered a symbol of Suriname.


Uruguay

The national flower of Uruguay is the flower of the Erythrina crista-galli, ceibo tree (''Erythrina crista-galli'').


Venezuela

The national flower of Venezuela is the ''Flor de Mayo'' (''Cattleya mossiae''), an orchid.


Subnational plants


Australia

*Australian Capital Territory – Royal Bluebell (''Wahlenbergia gloriosa'') *New South Wales – New South Wales Waratah (''Telopea speciosissima'') *Northern Territory – Sturt's Desert Rose (''Gossypium sturtianum'') *Queensland – Cooktown Orchid (''Dendrobium phalaenopsis'') *South Australia – Sturt's Desert Pea (''Swainsona formosa'') *Tasmania – Tasmanian Blue Gum (''Eucalyptus globulus'') *Victoria – Pink (Common) Heath (''Epacris impressa'') *Western Australia – Red and Green Kangaroo Paw (''Anigozanthos manglesii'')


Norway

* Lily-of-the-valley was chosen as the county flower of Østfold * Globe flower is the county flower of Troms


Pakistan

*Islamabad Capital Territory – Hybrid Tea Rose (''All Varieties'') *Balochistan – Wild Woodland Tulip (''Tulipa sylvestris'') *Khyber Pakhtunkhwa – Lady's Tulip (''Tulipa clusiana'') *The Punjab – Sadabahar (''Catharanthus roseus'') *Sindh – Sindhi Lotus (''Nelumbo indica'') *Gilgit–Baltistan – Alpine Blue Star (''Aquilegia coerulea'') *Azad Jammu and Kashmir – Pink Snow Rose (''Rhododendron ferrugineum'')


United Kingdom

Each of the four countries of the United Kingdom has a traditional floral emblem: *
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...

England
– officially the
Tudor rose The Tudor rose (sometimes called the Union rose) is the traditional floral heraldic emblem of England England is a that is part of the . It shares land borders with to its west and to its north. The lies northwest of England and th ...

Tudor rose
or unofficially the red
rose A rose is a woody perennial plant, perennial flowering plant of the genus ''Rosa'', in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears. There are over three hundred Rose species, species and Garden roses, tens of thousands of cultivars. They form ...

rose
and English oak. *
Northern Ireland Northern Ireland ( ga, Tuaisceart Éireann ; sco, label=Ulster-ScotsUlster Scots, also known as Scotch-Irish, may refer to: * Ulster Scots people The Ulster Scots (Ulster-Scots The Ulster Scots (Ulster Scots dialects, Ulster- ...

Northern Ireland
– the flax, orange lily, or shamrock. * Scotland – the Thistle#Origin as a symbol of Scotland, Scotch thistle, Scottish bluebell (harebell), or calluna, heather. * Wales – the daffodil, leek (vegetable), leek, or sessile oak.


County flowers

A county flower is a flowering plant chosen to symbolise a county. They exist primarily in the United Kingdom, but some counties in other countries also have them. One or two county flowers have a long history in England – the red rose of Lancashire dates from the Middle Ages, for instance. However, the county flower concept was only extended to cover the whole United Kingdom in 2002, as a promotional tool by a charity. In that year, the plant conservation charity Plantlife ran a competition to choose county flowers for all counties, to celebrate the Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II, Golden Jubilee of Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, Queen Elizabeth II. Plantlife's scheme is loosely based on Britain's Counties of the United Kingdom, historic counties, and so some current Local government of the United Kingdom, local government areas are not represented by a flower, and some of the counties included no longer exist as administrative areas. Flowers were also chosen for thirteen major cities: Belfast, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds, Liverpool, London, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nottingham and Sheffield. The Isles of Scilly was also treated as a county (distinct from Cornwall) for the purpose of the scheme. The Isle of Man was included, even though it is not a county, but a self-governing territory outside of the United Kingdom with an existing national flower: the ragwort or ''cushag''. The Channel Islands were not included. A total of 94 flowers was chosen in the competition. 85 of the 109 counties have a unique county flower, but several species were chosen by more than one county. Digitalis purpurea, Foxglove or ''Digitalis purpurea'' was chosen for four counties – Argyll, Birmingham, Leicestershire and Monmouthshire (historic), Monmouthshire – more than any other species. The following species were chosen for three counties each: * Bog Rosemary ''Andromeda polifolia'' (Ceredigion, Cardiganshire, Kirkcudbrightshire, Kirkcudbright and County Tyrone, Tyrone) * Primula veris, Cowslip ''Primula veris'' (Northamptonshire, Surrey and Worcestershire) * Harebell ''Campanula rotundifolia'' (County Antrim, Antrim, Dumfriesshire and Yorkshire) * Armeria maritima, Thrift ''Armeria maritima'' (County of Bute, Buteshire, Pembrokeshire and the Isles of Scilly) And the following species were chosen for two counties: * Grass-of-parnassus ''Parnassia palustris'' (Cumberland and Sutherland) * Pasqueflower ''Pulsatilla vulgaris'' (Cambridgeshire and Hertfordshire) * Common Poppy ''Papaver rhoeas'' (Essex and Norfolk) In addition, Lychnis viscaria, Sticky Catchfly ''Lychnis viscaria'' was chosen for both Edinburgh and Midlothian, the county containing Edinburgh. For most counties, Indigenous (ecology), native species were chosen, but for a small number of counties, alien (biology), non-natives were chosen, mainly archaeophytes.


Unofficial plants


Armenia

No plant or flower seems to be among the current official symbols. Some flowering plants from the area include ''Althaea armeniaca'', Armenian Basket, ''Muscari armeniacum'', Armenian Poppy, Armenian vartig (vargit), and ''Tulipa armena''.


Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan currently has no official national flower. Traditionally, various regions have different designations where national symbols are concerned. The city of Shusha named the Khari Bulbul (''Ophrys caucasica'') the floral emblem of the Nagorno-Karabakh.


Belarus

The unofficial national flower of Belarus is wild blue flax, ''Centaurea''.


China

China currently has no official national flower. Traditionally, various regions have different designations where national symbols are concerned. In 1903, the Qing Dynasty named the Paeonia suffruticosa, peony () the floral emblem of the nation. The peony has long been considered a flower of wealth and honor in China. The puppet state Manchukuo followed Japan's model of dual floral emblems: the "spring orchid" (Cymbidium goeringii) for the Emperor and the imperial household, and the sorghum blossom (Sorghum bicolor) for the state and the nation. The
plum blossom ''Prunus mume'' is an East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and Northern Hemisphere, Northern Hemisphere of ...

plum blossom
, ''meihua'' (), has also been one of the most beloved flowers in Chinese culture. The Republic of China government named the plum blossom as the national flower in 1964. The plum blossom is symbol for resilience and perseverance in the face of adversity, because plum blossoms often bloom most vibrantly even amidst the harsh winter snow. The People's Republic of China, which has controlled mainland China since 1949, has no official floral emblem. There have been several petitions in recent years to officially adopt one. However, the government has not taken any action yet. A poll in 2005 showed that 41% of the public supports peony as the national flower while 36% supported the plum blossom. Some scholars have suggested that the peony and plum blossoms may be designated as dual national flowers. In addition, the orchid,
jasmine Jasmine ( taxonomic name ''Jasminum'' ) is a genus Genus /ˈdʒiː.nəs/ (plural genera /ˈdʒen.ər.ə/) is a taxonomic rank In biological classification In biology, taxonomy () is the scientific study of naming, defining (Circu ...

jasmine
, daffodil and chrysanthemum have also been held as possible floral symbols of China.


Ecuador

No flower has been officially declared as a national symbol. Unofficially the
rose A rose is a woody perennial plant, perennial flowering plant of the genus ''Rosa'', in the family Rosaceae, or the flower it bears. There are over three hundred Rose species, species and Garden roses, tens of thousands of cultivars. They form ...

rose
and the orchid are claimed to hold that title.


Egypt

Both Nymphaea caerulea, Blue Egyptian Lotus and Nymphaea lotus, White Egyptian Lotus are regarded as Egypt's national flowers, and they appear in many Ancient Egypt, Ancient Egyptian paintings and monuments.


Guinea

In a 2018 public vote ''Vernonia djalonensis'' was voted as the national flower of Guinea, a decision which is currently awaiting government approval


Italy

Italy doesn't have an official floral emblem, though the Lily lilium is commonly cited. Other less common options are the Rose and the White poppy.


Japan

Japan's national government has never formally named a national flower, as with other symbols such as the green pheasant, which was named as national bird by a non-government body in 1947. In 1999, the Hinomaru, national flag and Kimigayo, anthem were Act on National Flag and Anthem (Japan), standardised by law. A ''de facto'' national flower for Japan for many is the ''sakura'' (cherry blossom), while a stylised depiction of a Chrysanthemum morifolium is used as the official Mon (emblem), emblem of the Imperial House of Japan, imperial family (Imperial Seal of Japan). The Paulownia blossom was also used by the imperial family in the past, but has since been appropriated by the Prime Minister of Japan, Prime Minister and the Government of Japan, government in general (Government Seal of Japan).


Netherlands

While the Netherlands does not have an official national flower, the tulip is widely considered to be its national flower.


France

While France does not have an official national flower, the fleur-de-lis, which was a symbol of the royal family, as well as the Centaurea cyanus, cornflower (blue), Argyranthemum frutescens, marguerite (white), and
red poppy ''Papaver rhoeas'', with common name Common may refer to: Places * Common, a townland in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland * Boston Common Boston Common (also known as the Common) is a central public park in downtown Boston, Massachusetts. It ...

red poppy
, which together represent the tri-colored Flag of France, national flag, are also generally treated as French national flowers.


Vietnam

While Vietnam does not have an official flower, four plants are traditional regarded as the ''four graceful plants'', namely: the lotus, the pine, bamboo, and the chrysanthemum. The lotus (''Nelumbo nucifera'') is generally regarded as the unofficial national flower of Vietnam, as portrayed, for example, on their postage stamps.Scott #874 and #875 show the lotus and flag, respectively, in honor of the first unified National Assembly general elections of 1976. , and again the flag and lotus are on the bicentennial issue Scot #3233, In Vietnamese tradition, the lotus is regarded as ''the symbol of purity, commitment and optimism for the future.''


See also

*
Tudor rose The Tudor rose (sometimes called the Union rose) is the traditional floral heraldic emblem of England England is a that is part of the . It shares land borders with to its west and to its north. The lies northwest of England and th ...

Tudor rose


References


External links


Plantlife
County flowers page
BBC coverage of the county flowers competition

Provincial Floral Emblems of Canada
- ''The Canadian Encyclopedia''
National Flowers


List of national flowers by country {{DEFAULTSORT:Floral Emblem Flowers Lists of national symbols