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Fintona (; ), is a
village A village is a clustered human settlement In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena ...

village
and
townland A townland ( ga, baile fearainn; Ulster-ScotsUlster Scots, also known as Scotch-Irish, may refer to: * Ulster Scots people The Ulster Scots (Ulster-Scots The Ulster Scots (Ulster Scots dialects, Ulster-Scots: ''Ulstèr-Scotch'', ...
in
County Tyrone County Tyrone (; ) is one of the thirty-two traditional Counties of Ireland, counties of Ireland, one of the six Counties of Northern Ireland, counties of Northern Ireland and one of the nine counties of Ulster. It is no longer used as an admin ...

County Tyrone
,
Northern Ireland Northern Ireland ( ga, Tuaisceart Éireann ; sco, label=Ulster-ScotsUlster Scots, also known as Scotch-Irish, may refer to: * Ulster Scots people The Ulster Scots (Ulster-Scots The Ulster Scots (Ulster Scots dialects, Ulster- ...

Northern Ireland
. Its population at the 2011 Census was 1,164.


Name and etymology

Fintona is derived phonetically from the Irish name of the area, ''Fionntamhnach''; this is often translated to mean "white field" however other meanings have been recorded due to various English translations for "fionn" and "tamhnach". "Fionn" may refer to a colour that is described as white, bright, blonde or fair-coloured, while "tamhnach" may refer to a field, clearing, oasis, grassy upland or arable place in a mountain. In the past, the English spelling of the area has varied, with ''"Findonagh"'' in use as recently as 1937 in
Church of Ireland The Church of Ireland ( ga, Eaglais na hÉireann, ; sco, label=Ulster-ScotsUlster Scots, also known as Scotch-Irish, may refer to: * Ulster Scots people The Ulster Scots (Ulster-Scots The Ulster Scots (Ulster Scots dialects, Ul ...
documents, while ''"Fentonagh"'' and ''"Fintonagh"'' were also in use in the 19th century. The current spelling of Fintona has been recorded as first used in 1774.


History

The local area has been known to have had human activity for around 4000 years; there are many burial places, standing stones, stone circles and graves in the area around Fintona. The current village is developed from an
Uí Néill The Uí Néill (Irish pronunciation: ; meaning 'descendants of Niall') are Irish Irish most commonly refers to: * Someone or something of, from, or related to: ** Ireland, an island situated off the north-western coast of continental Europe ** ...
fortress built in 1431 and is one of Tyrone's oldest settlements. Some time after the
Plantation of Ulster The Plantation of Ulster ( gle, Plandáil Uladh; Ulster-ScotsUlster Scots, also known as Scotch-Irish, may refer to: * Ulster Scots people The Ulster Scots (Ulster-Scots The Ulster Scots (Ulster Scots dialects, Ulster-Scots: ''Ul ...

Plantation of Ulster
, by 1668 the dominant landowners in the area was the Eccles Family and their Manor House, which was located in what is nowadays Fintona Golf Club and Ecclesville Park on the Ecclesville Demesne, was built in 1703. As in many other parts of Ireland during the 19th Century, the expansion of the railway network saw the village connected with the rest of the country. There were two stations,
Fintona Fintona (; ), is a village and townland in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland lying within the civil parish of Donacavey. Its population was calculated in the 2011 Census as 1,164. History The local area has been known to have had human activ ...
(open 5 June 1853) and Fintona Junction (open 1 May 1856). Connecting the two stations was a horse-drawn tram which took passengers from the village to Fintona Junction railway station which was a stop on the
Londonderry and Enniskillen Railway The Londonderry and Enniskillen Railway (L&ER) was an Irish gauge Railways with track gauge of are broad-gauge railways, currently in use in Rail gauge in Australia, Australia, Rail transport in Brazil#Track gauge, Brazil and Track gauge in ...
which itself was part of the Great Northern Railway. Both stations closed on 1 October 1957.


Horse tram

Possibly the most well known bit of history associated with Fintona was the horse-drawn
tram A tram (also known as a streetcar or trolley in North America) is a train that runs on tramway track Tramway track is used on tramways or light rail operations. Groove (engineering), Grooved rails (or Rail profile#Grooved rail, girder ...

tram
(or "van" to the locals) that took passengers from Fintona railway station to Fintona Junction station one mile away. The name of the horse was always "Dick" regardless of gender. First class and second class passengers travelled inside while third class travellers sat exposed to the elements on the top. The tram made its last trip on 30 September 1957 when the
Omagh Omagh (; from ga, An Ómaigh , meaning 'the virgin plain') is the county town In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The ...
to
Enniskillen Enniskillen ( , from ga, Inis Ceithleann , ' Ceithlenn's island') is the largest town in County Fermanagh County Fermanagh ( ; ) is one of the thirty-two Counties of Ireland, counties of Ireland, one of the six Counties of Northern Ireland ...
line closed, and with it, Fintona's rail links to the rest of
Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel (Great Britain and Ireland), North Channel, the Irish Sea ...

Ireland
. When retired, it was the second last existing example of a horse-drawn tram in public service in the
British Isles The British Isles are a group of islands in the North Atlantic off the north-western coast of continental Europe Continental Europe or mainland Europe is the contiguous continent A continent is any of several large landmasse ...

British Isles
, the only remaining one now being on Douglas promenade,
Isle of Man ) , anthem = "O Land of Our Birth The "National Anthem of the Isle of Man" ( gv, Arrane Ashoonagh Vannin) was written and composed by William Henry Gill (1839–1923), with the Manx translation by John J. Kneen (1873–1939). It is often r ...

Isle of Man
. The "van" now lies at the Ulster Transport Museum. The legacy of the horse tram's service and identity to Fintona can be seen with the unique road signs welcoming you into the village, which includes an image or silhouette of the horsetram with "Dick" pulling the tram along with the driver,
conductor Conductor or conduction may refer to: Music * Conductor (music), a person who leads a musical ensemble like, for example, an orchestra. * Conductor (album), ''Conductor'' (album), an album by indie rock band The Comas * Conduction, a type of ...
and a third person on board on the top of the tram.


Geography

Fintona lies in the
civil parish In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public administration is the implementation of public policy, gove ...
of Donacavey, in the south west of County Tyrone bordering
County Fermanagh County Fermanagh ( ; ) is one of the thirty-two counties A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposes Chambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, Edinburgh in c ...

County Fermanagh
. The parish was split between two historical
baroniesBarony may refer to: * Barony, the peerage A peerage is a legal system historically comprising various hereditary titles (and sometimes Life peer, non-hereditary titles) in a number of countries, and composed of assorted noble ranks. Peerages incl ...
- Fintona itself along with the majority of Donacavey was part of the
Clogher Clogher (,) is a village and civil parish In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government. It is a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties ...
barony while a northern portion of the parish lay in the barony of Omagh East. The village lies across several gentle hills, including Main Street whose centre lies on a hill summit and its ends at the feet of the same hill. There are small pockets of flat ground, mostly at the Ecclesville Demesne. By road distance, Omagh, the county town of Tyrone, lies north, Enniskillen is south-west, while
Belfast Belfast ( ; , ) is the capital and largest city of Northern Ireland, standing on the banks of the River Lagan on the east coast. It is the 12th-largest city in the United Kingdom and the second-largest on the island of Ireland. It had a popul ...

Belfast
and
Dublin Dublin (; , or ) is the capital and largest city of Ireland Ireland ( ; ga, Éire ; Ulster-Scots: ) is an island upright=1.15, Great_Britain.html"_;"title="Ireland_(left)_and_Great_Britain">Ireland_(left)_and_Great_Britain_ ...

Dublin
are east and south-east respectively. Towards the south-east about away, about half-way between Fintona and the village of
Fivemiletown Fivemiletown is a village and townland in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. It is 16 miles (26 km) east of Enniskillen and 26 miles (43 km) west-south-west of Dungannon, on the A4 road (Northern Ireland), A4 Enniskillen-to-Dungannon roa ...
, the land rises to the summit of Murley Mountain, (known better locally as "Fivemiletown Mountain", also occasionally known as "Stranisk Hill" after its local townland), which has a peak of
above sea level Above may refer to: *Above (artist) Tavar Zawacki formerly known as 'ABOVE' (born 1981) is an American abstract art Abstract art uses visual language of shape, form, color and line to create a composition which may exist with a degree of ind ...
. At this peak and the surrounding land are two close by wind farms, Lendrums Bridge (open 2000) and Hunters Hill (open 2008). A small river named the "Quiggery Water", whose source is located on the northern slopes of Murley Mountain, flows through Fintona with bridges crossing it at Kiln Street and Mill Street as well as just outside the village at a location known as the Carnlea crossroads. This river then joins with the Ballynahatty Water to form the Drumragh River, which in turn joins the
Camowen River The Camowen River ( ga, An Chamabhainn) is a river in County Tyrone County Tyrone (; ) is one of the thirty-two counties of Ireland Ireland (; ga, Éire ; Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots: ) is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean ...
in Omagh to form the
River Strule The River Strule is a small river in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. The river has its source in the confluence of the rivers Camowen River, Camowen and River Drumragh, Drumragh at Omagh. The Strule runs to north and meets the rivers Fairy Water ...
.


Climate

Located from the
Atlantic
Atlantic
coastline, Fintona has an
Oceanic climate An oceanic climate, also known as a maritime climate or marine climate, is the Köppen classification of climate Climate is the long-term pattern of weather Weather is the state of the atmosphere, describing for example the deg ...
(
Köppen climate classification The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification Climate classification is a way of categorizing the world's s. A climate classification may correlate closely with a category, as climate is a major infl ...
: ''Cfb''). Winters are normally cool to mild with morning
frost Frost is a thin layer of ice Ice is water Water (chemical formula H2O) is an , transparent, tasteless, odorless, and , which is the main constituent of 's and the s of all known living organisms (in which it acts as a ). It is ...

frost
s being a common occurrence, especially with settled weather. Summers are usually cool to moderate with high temperatures normally around the upper teens, with the warmest temperatures of the season rarely peaking at less than 24 degrees
Celsius The degree Celsius is a unit of temperature on the Celsius scale, a temperature scale Scale of temperature is a methodology of calibrating the physical quantity temperature in metrology. Empirical scales measure temperature in relation to conv ...

Celsius
. Rainfall is common throughout the year with the wettest months between October and January, and the driest months being April and May. Rainfall in the later autumn, winter and early spring tends to fall as prolonged light or moderate showers while heavier, shorter bursts mixed with dry or sunny spells are more common in the summer months; in between these periods during the months of April, May, & September both kinds of showers can happen as conditions change quickly, with "four seasons in a day" weather often occurring. Sleet and
snow Snow comprises individual ice Ice is water Water (chemical formula H2O) is an , transparent, tasteless, odorless, and , which is the main constituent of 's and the s of all known living organisms (in which it acts as a ). ...

snow
showers happen occasionally, usually falling between the months of December and March though it can fall any time between October and May. Snow accumulation usually happens several times each year, though it rarely lies for more than three of four days and sometimes only for a few hours.


Government

Fintona lies in the
Fermanagh and Omagh District Council Fermanagh and Omagh District Council ( ga, Comhairle Ceantair Fhear Manach agus na hÓmaí; Ulster Scots dialects, Ulster-Scots: ''Districk Cooncil o Fermanagh an Omey'') is a local authority in Northern Ireland and was established on 1 April 201 ...
local authority area. Prior to the reorganisation of local government in Northern Ireland on 1 April 2015, Fintona was part of
Omagh District Council Omagh District Council was a local council in Northern Ireland Northern Ireland ( ga, Tuaisceart Éireann ; sco, label= Ulster-Scots, Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Nor ...
. For elections, Fintona lies in the ''Fintona''
ward Ward may refer to: Division or unit * Hospital#Departments or wards, Hospital ward, a hospital division, floor, or room set aside for a particular class or group of patients, for example the psychiatric ward * Prison ward, a division of a pen ...
. For district council elections the ward makes up part of the district electoral area of West Tyrone (not to be confused with the
House of Commons The House of Commons is the name for the elected lower house A lower house is one of two chambers Chambers may refer to: Places Canada: *Chambers Township, Ontario United States: *Chambers County, Alabama *Chambers, Arizona, an unincorpor ...

House of Commons
and
Northern Ireland Assembly The Northern Ireland Assembly ( ga, Tionól Thuaisceart Éireann; Ulster Scots dialects, Ulster Scots: ''Norlin Airlan Assemblie'') often referred to by the metonym Stormont, is the devolution, devolved legislature of Northern Ireland. It has ...
constituencies of the same name) that elects six
councillor A councillor is a member of a local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of public administration Public administration is the implementation of public policy, government policy and also an academic disciplin ...

councillor
s via the
Single Transferable Vote Single transferable vote (STV) is a type of ranked preferential electoral system An electoral system or voting system is a set of rules that determine how elections and Referendum, referendums are conducted and how their results are de ...
. For elections to both the House of Commons at
Westminster Westminster is a district in Central London Central London is the innermost part of London London is the capital city, capital and List of urban areas in the United Kingdom, largest city of England and the United Kingdom. The city sta ...

Westminster
,
London London is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller lowerc ...

London
and the Northern Ireland Assembly at Stormont, Belfast, the Fintona ward lies in the West Tyrone electoral constituency.


Economy

Fintona is home to a number of small businesses that include two supermarkets, a GP clinic, a veterinary surgery, a restaurant and an optician among other smaller shops, cafes and pubs. A substantial amount of working residents however are employed at locations outside of Fintona, with Omagh and Enniskillen being common.


Agriculture

Farming plays a key role in the economy of Fintona. Much of this is
cattle Cattle, taurine cattle, Eurasian cattle, or European cattle (''Bos taurus'' or ''Bos primigenius taurus'') are large domestication, domesticated Cloven hoof, cloven-hooved herbivores. They are a prominent modern member of the subfamily Bovinae ...

cattle
based involved meat and milk production, with some
sheep Sheep (''Ovis aries'') are quadrupedal, ruminant mammals typically kept as livestock. Like all ruminants, sheep are members of the order (biology), order Artiodactyla, the even-toed ungulates. Although the name ''sheep'' applies to many species ...

sheep
rearing particularly on higher ground. There are also some pig and chicken farms in the area. The land and climate does not lend itself to arable farming, but in the past some
maize Maize ( ; ''Zea mays'' subsp. ''mays'', from es, maíz after tnq, mahiz), also known as corn (North American North America is a continent in the Northern Hemisphere and almost entirely within the Western Hemisphere. It can also be ...

maize
was grown, being produced to boost the
protein Proteins are large biomolecule , showing alpha helices, represented by ribbons. This poten was the first to have its suckture solved by X-ray crystallography by Max Perutz and Sir John Cowdery Kendrew in 1958, for which they received a No ...

protein
of cattle feed. On higher ground near the summit of Murley Mountain, there are also peat bogs.


Education

Fintona has two
primary schools A primary school (in Ireland, the United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Jamaica, and South Africa), junior school (in Australia), elementary school or grade school (in North America and the Philippines) is a school A school is ...
; * Denamona Primary School ( Controlled) * St. Lawrence's Primary School ( Catholic Maintained) Both schools teach the
Northern Ireland CurriculumThe National Curriculum of Northern Ireland identifies the minimum requirements of skills for each subject and the range of contexts, opportunities and activities through which these skills should be developed and applied. Structure of the national ...
Key Stages 1 & 2 (Years 1 to 7) to students between the ages of 4 to 11 years. St. Lawrence's P.S. also contains a nursery unit, accommodating children in the 3-4 year old age group. In April 2017, St. Lawrence's P.S. won the junior category of the
BBC Radio Ulster BBC Radio Ulster ( ga, BBC Raidió Uladh) is a Northern Irish radio station owned and operated by BBC Northern Ireland, a division of the BBC. It was established in New Year's Day 1975, replacing what had been an opt-out of BBC Radio 4 (previ ...

BBC Radio Ulster
School Choir of the Year, which was broadcast live on the radio station. Two other primary schools, St. Patrick's (townland of Garvallagh) and St. Joseph's (townland of Lisconrea), both Catholic Maintained, closed due to falling enrolments; St. Joseph's in 2003 and St. Patrick's in 2009. There are no post-primary schools in Fintona, children continue their education at schools usually either in
Omagh Omagh (; from ga, An Ómaigh , meaning 'the virgin plain') is the county town In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The ...
, Dromore or Fivemiletown, while a few also attended schools in Ballygawley and
Enniskillen Enniskillen ( , from ga, Inis Ceithleann , ' Ceithlenn's island') is the largest town in County Fermanagh County Fermanagh ( ; ) is one of the thirty-two Counties of Ireland, counties of Ireland, one of the six Counties of Northern Ireland ...
.


Fintona Library

Fintona has its own branch library that was originally opened in the early 1980s in a prefabricated building in Ecclesville Park before moving to its current location on Main Street in 1991. In early 2011 the library was one of ten marked down by Libraries NI for closure, who claimed that the library was one of the least used in Northern Ireland and that the roof of the building required repair at a significant cost. A public consultation meeting in Fintona Golf Club on 3 March that year saw a strong local turn out calling for the retention of the library, while representations were also made to the Committee for Culture, Arts and Leisure of the Northern Ireland Assembly. On 20 October 2011, Libraries NI announced that the Fintona branch library would remain open while efforts were made to either improve its current premises or find an alternative location in due course. It was confirmed in July 2013 that the library building would receive a full refurbishment.


Transport

Fintona today is linked to Omagh though the B122 that connects to the A5 Omagh to Ballygawley road about outside Omagh. Other roads linking Fintona to elsewhere include the B80 to Enniskillen (via
Tempo In musical terminology This is a list of musical terms that are likely to be encountered in printed scores, music reviews, and program notes. Most of the terms are Italian (see also Italian musical terms used in English Many musical terms ...
), the B46 to Dromore, the B122 to Fivemiletown, the B46 to Seskinore and
Beragh Beragh (from Irish language, Irish: ''Bearach'', meaning "place of points/hills/standing stones") is a village and townland in County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. It is about Southeast of Omagh and is in the Fermanagh and Omagh District Council area ...
, the B168 to
Clogher Clogher (,) is a village and civil parish In England, a civil parish is a type of administrative parish used for local government. It is a territorial designation which is the lowest tier of local government below districts and counties ...
and the Derrybard & Greenmount roads that connect to the A5 Omagh to Ballygawley road on to towards Belfast and Dublin.


Public transport

The only public transport available is an Ulsterbus bus service provided by Translink that connects Fintona to Omagh (Service No. 87). Seven services run on weekdays and five on Saturdays. There is no service on Sundays. Fintona had been connected to the railway network via Fintona and Fintona Junction stations on the Londonderry and Enniskillen Railway as mentioned in the history section above. These stations opened in the 1850s, but were closed in October 1957.


Sport and leisure

There are numerous sports clubs and facilities in Fintona which cater for a range of activities. Local clubs include Fintona Cycling Club, Fintona Badminton Club and two
bowling Bowling is a Throwing sports#Target sports, target sport and recreational activity in which a player rolls a bowling ball, ball toward Bowling pin, pins (in pin bowling) or another target (in target bowling). The term ''bowling'' usually refe ...
clubs. Partly thanks to the numerous public houses in Fintona, darts, pool and snooker also prove popular.


Fintona Golf Club

Fintona Golf Club was founded in 1904 by C.W.L. Brown-Lecky and is located on part of the Ecclesville Demense. It is a nine-hole course which have twin tees allowing players a different challenge on their second time round. Ronan Rafferty rated it the best nine-hole course in Northern Ireland in a feature on the TV programme 'Ronan Rafferty's Great Golf Journeys'. The course includes a club house and a bar with a function room and catering facilities. In September 2021 the club won the All-Ireland AIG Women's Challenge Cup at Shandon Park in Belfast after defeating Gort in the Final.


Fintona Pearses GAA Club

Fintona Pearses GAA club was founded in late 1916 and first played competitive
Gaelic football Gaelic football (Irish Irish most commonly refers to: * Someone or something of, from, or related to: ** Ireland, an island situated off the north-western coast of continental Europe ** Northern Ireland, a constituent unit of the United Kingdom ...
games a year later. There was already a GAA club in Fintona at the time, the Davitts, which was founded in 1907 and won the
Tyrone Senior Football Championship The Tyrone Senior Football Championship (known for sponsorship reasons as the LCC Group ''Tyrone Senior Football Championship'') is an annual Gaelic Athletic Association The Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA; ga, Cumann Lúthchleas Gael, (' ...
in 1914 but the Davitts folded not long after the
Pearses
Pearses
club started, whom themselves went on to win a Tyrone SFC title in 1938. The current club is based at its own grounds just outside the town on the Tattymoyle Road in the townland of Tonnaghbane, named
St. Lawrence Saint Lawrence or Laurence ( la, Laurentius, lit. "laurelled"; 31 December AD 225 – 10 August 258) was one of the seven deacons of the city of Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder ...

St. Lawrence
's Park which has undergone substantial redevelopment since the early 1990s which today includes two full-size pitches (one with floodlights), a smaller training pitch, a clubhouse with four changing rooms and two stands (one roofed). Gaelic Football teams are fielded at adult & underage levels along with
hurling Hurling ( ga, iománaíocht, ') is an outdoor team game of ancient Gaelic Gaelic is an adjective that means "pertaining to the Gaels". As a noun it refers to the group of languages spoken by the Gaels, or to any one of the languages indiv ...

hurling
teams at underage levels. A Ladies Gaelic Football club of the same name, fielding teams at adult and underage levels, also play their games at the same ground.


Fintona Swifts Football Club

Fintona Swifts are a Junior Football Club that was originally founded in the early 1990s and affiliated to the Fermanagh & Western FA. Up until the 2010/11 season the team did not have a home ground in the village and was forced to play their 'home' games elsewhere, normally in Omagh. After years of discussions and stalling, the club finally had a permanent home in Fintona with a pitch based at the Ecclesville Demense opened in August 2010. In August 2015, the club was disbanded after withdrawing from the Fermanagh & Western Football League, a lack of player numbers cited as the reason for folding. A year later, the club was reformed and in its first season back won the Fermanagh & Western Division 3 League. A reserve team was reintroduced at the start of the 2019/20 season. For the 2021/22 season the first team will play in Division 2 of the Fermanagh and Western Football League while the reserve team will play in the corresponding Reserve Division 3 as well as entering the Fermanagh and Western FA Mulhern & Rehill cup competitions, and the IFA Junior Cup.


Ecclesville Centre

Based within the grounds of the Ecclesville Demense, opened in 1995 the Ecclesville Centre is unique in the UK and Ireland in being a combined equestrian and community/leisure complex. The facility has proven popular not only among show jumpers and horse riders, but also for other sporting activities especially those based indoors. The equestrian end of the centre includes stables, an indoor arena with judges box and seated stand, and an outdoor facility that includes an outdoor floodlight arena, open parkland and the forest of the Ecclesville Demense. The leisure part of the centre includes a minor hall, a sports hall, changing rooms and a fitness suite with outdoor all-weather tennis courts also available. The centre is a popular venue for local and regional sports competitions including bowls, badminton and indoor football. At a community level the centre is the home of Fintona Cross-Community Youth Club and also a local Sure Start centre. The centre is also capable of holding children's parties with catering facilities & an inflatable bouncy castle. The centre has also been the venue for several special events and exhibitions since the early 2000s which have proven popular locally and beyond including farm machinery, sport & modified cars, transport, home & garden, and music concerts. The Northern Ireland National Charolais Show has in recent years been an annual fixture at the centre as has the Omagh and District Canine Club Dog Show.


Parks

The main public park in Fintona is at the Ecclesville Demesne, known as Ecclesville Park. The park itself has a play-area for children and all-weather football & basketball area used alongside the Ecclesville Centre, alongside walking routes, pond and forest. In 2014 additional work was done which extended the play-area and also added an outdoor gym. There are also children's play-areas at Mill Street, Ashfield Gardens and Denamona Court.


Places of worship


Catholic

Fintona lies in the Catholic parish of Donacavey, which is a part of the Catholic Diocese of Clogher. There is a single church serving the parish called St. Lawrence's, which is located outside the village next to Lisdergan Road. The church also has two nearby graveyards named "St. Peter's and St. Paul's" and "St. Lawrence's", as well as a
church hall A church hall or parish hall is a room or building associated with a church Church may refer to: Religion * Church (building) A church building, church house, or simply church, is a building used for Christian worship services and o ...
called St. Patrick's that is located on Main Street in the village.


Christian Brethren

A
Christian Brethren The Open Brethren, sometimes called Christian Brethren, are a group of Evangelical Evangelicalism (), evangelical Christianity, or evangelical Protestantism, is a worldwide trans-denominational movement within Protestant Christianity that m ...
group is based at Fintona Gospel Hall, located on the edge of the village on the Loughmuck Road.


Church of Ireland

Fintona lies in the parish of Donacavey, which is a part of the Church of Ireland Diocese of Clogher. The parish church is located next to the Ecclesville Road with a church hall lying across the same road, opposite the church. The church parish of Donacavey contains only part of the civil parish of Donacavey; the south western corner of the civil parish is served by a separate parish of Barr that has its own parish church. However, both parishes are covered by the same
rector Rector (Latin for the member of a vessel's crew who steers) may refer to: Style or title *Rector (ecclesiastical), a cleric who functions as an administrative leader in some Christian denominations *Rector (academia), a senior official in an educ ...
whom serves "Donacavey and Barr".


Methodist

Fintona Methodist Church lies on the Craigavon Road, next to the Fintona Presbyterian Church. It is part of the Omagh and Fintona circuit in the North Western district of the
Methodist Church in Ireland The Methodist Church in Ireland (Ulster Scots dialects, Ulster-Scots: ''Methody Kirk in Airlann'', ) is a Wesleyan Methodism, Methodist church that operates across both Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland on an all-Ireland basis. It is t ...
.


Methodist (Independent)

Fintona Independent Methodist Church is located on Kiln Street and is an outreach ministry from its parent church in Omagh. It is part of the Fellowship of Independent Methodist Churches based in Northern Ireland.


Presbyterian

Fintona Presbyterian Church lies on the Craigavon Road next to the Fintona Methodist Church. A church hall lies behind the church building. It is part of the Omagh Presbytery in the
Presbyterian Church in Ireland The Presbyterian Church in Ireland (PCI; ga, Eaglais Phreispitéireach in Éirinn; Ulster-ScotsUlster Scots, also known as Scotch-Irish, may refer to: * Ulster Scots people The Ulster Scots (Ulster-Scots The Ulster Scots (Ulster ...
.


Media and communications

In the late 1980s and early 1990s a monthly local news magazine, the ''Village Voice'', was published by the now defunct Fintona Development Association. The magazine covered news, features and activities in Fintona, Seskinore and Eskra. As of October 2021, local events in Fintona are often covered by Omagh-based newspapers, the '' Tyrone Constitution'', the ''
Tyrone Herald The ''Tyrone Daily Herald'' is an United States, American daily newspaper serving Tyrone, Pennsylvania, and region – northern Blair County, Pennsylvania, Blair County and nearby portions of Centre County, Pennsylvania, Centre and Huntingdon Coun ...
'' and the ''
Ulster Herald The ''Ulster Herald'' is a weekly newspaper based in Omagh, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland and is known locally as ''The Herald''. It is published by the North West of Ireland Printing and Publishing Company. The ''Ulster Herald'' is published ...
''. A
Post Office A post office is a public facility that provides mail The mail or post is a system for physically transporting postcard A postcard or post card is a piece of thick paper or thin Card stock, cardboard, typically rectangular, intended fo ...
branch is located inside Supervalu supermarket on the Tattymoyle Road with daily collections (inc. Saturdays). Local postcodes are normally in the form of BT78 2xx. An
Openreach Openreach is a functional division of telecommunications company BT plc BT Group plc (trade name, trading as BT and formerly British Telecom) is a British Multinational corporation, multinational telecommunications holding company headquarte ...

Openreach
telephone exchange lies just outside the village on the Castletown Road, serving Fintona as well as Seskinore and much of Eskra and Tattyreagh. The STD code is 028 in common with the rest of Northern Ireland, with local numbers assigned by BT being in the format 8284xxxx. The exchange was enabled for
ADSL Asymmetric digital subscriber line (ADSL) is a type of digital subscriber line Digital subscriber line (DSL; originally digital subscriber loop) is a family of technologies that are used to transmit digital data Digital usually refers to so ...

ADSL
broadband in September 2004 while the first Fibre to the Cabinet broadband services went live on 30 December 2010. Openreach Fibre to the Premises (
FTTP Fiber to the ''x'' (FTTX; also spelled "fibre") or fiber in the loop is a generic term for any broadband In telecommunications Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over wire, radio, Opt ...
) connections are also available at some premises. A Fibre to the Premises network operated by Fibrus also exists in Fintona, having come into service in August 2021.
Terrestrial Television Terrestrial television is a type of television broadcasting Broadcasting is the distributionDistribution may refer to: Mathematics *Distribution (mathematics) Distributions, also known as Schwartz distributions or generalized fun ...
along with
FM
FM
&
DAB DAB, dab, dabs, or dabbing may refer to: Dictionaries * ''Dictionary of American Biography'', published under the auspices of the American Council of Learned Societies * ''Dictionary of Australian Biography'', published since 1949 Places * Dab, ...

DAB
radio can be received from the Brougher Mountain and Strabane transmitting station, Strabane transmitting stations, while similar Saorview, TV & radio services from the Republic of Ireland can also be received by most people in Fintona. Satellite television is also popular, usually through either Freesat or the Sky Digital (UK & Ireland), Sky subscription service. There are no Cable television, cable operators in the village.


Demography

Fintona is classified as a village by the NI Statistics and Research Agency (NISRA) (i.e., with population between 1,000 and 2,250 people).


2011 Census

On Census day (27 March 2011) there were 1,164 people living in Fintona, accounting for 0.06% of the Northern Ireland total. Of these: * 17.10% were aged under 16 years and 16.41% were aged 65 and over. * 40 years was the average (median) age of the population. * 52.32% of the usually resident population were female and 47.68% were male. * 72.16% belong to or were brought up in the Catholic Christian faith and 26.55% belong to or were brought up in a 'Protestant and other Christian (including Christian related)' denominations. * 35.22% indicated that they had an Irish national identity, 33.42% had a Northern Irish national identity and 31.62% had a British national identity (respondents could indicate more than one national identity). * 15.56% had some knowledge of Irish language, Irish and 3.15% had some knowledge of Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster-Scots. 4.05% did not have English as their first language (considering the populations aged 3 years old and over). * 8.07% of the population aged 16 to 74 years old were unemployed.


2001 Census

On Census day (29 April 2001) there were 1,359 people living in Fintona. Of these: * 24.95% were aged under 16 years and 13.02% were aged 65 and over. * 34 years was the average (median) age of the population. * 51.66% of the usually resident population were female and 48.34% were male. * 72.26% belong to or were brought up in the Catholic Christian faith and 27.08% belong to or were brought up in a 'Protestant and other Christian (including Christian related)' denominations. * 11.73% had some knowledge of Irish. * 5.94% of the population aged 16 to 74 years old were unemployed.


Census records in the 20th century

Records from the census conducted in 1911 and published in 1913 revealed the population of Fintona to be 1,107 in 1901 and 1,100 in 1911.


Census records in the 19th century

The population of the village of Fintona measured in the census between 1841 and 1891 varied slightly overall, with a peak of 1,504 persons in 1851 and a low of 1,271 in 1891. In the remainder of the Parish of Donacavey, population figures fell continuously from that recorded in 1841. ¹ ''Refers to population in the part of Donacavey that lay in the Barony of Clogher, excluding Fintona village.''
² ''Refers to population in the part of Donacavey that lay in the Barony of Omagh East.''


Fintona townland

At , Fintona is the smallest townland in the civil parish of Donacavey. Census records from the period of 1841 to 1891 do not list population or house numbers for the townland, instead publishing such figures for "Fintona Town". The 1891 census records state "The town of Fintona stands on the townlands of Castletown, Edenasop West, Fintona and Lisky; its estimated area is 44 acres".


People

*John of Fintona, ''Floruit, fl.'' late thirteenth century. *Gerry Armstrong (footballer), Gerry Armstrong, the Northern Ireland national football team, Northern Irish footballer, who scored three goals in the 1982 FIFA World Cup, 1982 World Cup grew up in Fintona. *Poet John Montague (poet), John Montague *Linguist Warren Maguire, author of the book ''Language and Dialect Contact in Ireland: The Phonological Origins of Mid-Ulster English''


See also

*List of places in County Tyrone *List of towns and villages in Northern Ireland


References


External links


Denamona P.S. Fintona

St. Lawrence's P.S. Fintona

Fintona Medical Centre

Fintona Credit Union

Fintona Golf Club

Donacavey Parish (Catholic)

Fintona Independent Methodist Church

Fintona Library (at Libraries NI)
{{Use British English, date=October 2010 Civil parish of Donacavey Villages in County Tyrone Townlands of County Tyrone Barony of Clogher