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The Far North is a large
region In geography Geography (from Ancient Greek, Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of the Earth and Solar System, planets. The ...
of
South Australia South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a States and territories of Australia, state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the country. With a total land area of , it is the fourth-largest of Austral ...

South Australia
close to the
Northern Territory The Northern Territory (NT; formally the Northern Territory of Australia) is an Australian territory in the central and central northern regions of Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, ...
border. Colloquial usage of the term in South Australia refers to that part of South Australia north of a line roughly from
Ceduna
Ceduna
through
Port Augusta Port Augusta is a small city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: ...
to
Broken Hill Broken Hill is an inland mining Mining is the extraction of valuable mineral In geology and mineralogy, a mineral or mineral species is, broadly speaking, a solid chemical compound with a fairly well-defined chemical composition and ...
. The South Australian Government defines the Far North region similarly with the exception of the
Maralinga Tjarutja The Maralinga Tjarutja, or Maralinga Tjarutja Council, is the corporation representing the traditional Anangu owners of the remote western areas of South Australia known as the Maralinga Tjarutja lands. The council was established by the ''Maral ...
Lands. the Yalata Aboriginal community and other unincorporated crown lands in the state's far west, which are officially considered part of the Eyre and Western region. The region is both the largest and also the least populated of the state. The Far North is also known as the ''Arid Lands'' of South Australia as much of the region is
desert A desert is a barren area of landscape where little precipitation occurs and, consequently, living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life. The lack of vegetation exposes the unprotected surface of the ground to the processes of ...

desert
.


Deserts

The deserts in the north east are the
Simpson Desert The Simpson Desert is a large area of dry, red sandy plain and dunes in the Northern Territory The Northern Territory (NT; formally the Northern Territory of Australia) is an Australian territory in the central and central northern regio ...
,
Tirari Desert The Tirari Desert is a desert A desert is a barren area of landscape where little precipitation occurs and, consequently, living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life. The lack of vegetation exposes the unprotected surface ...
, Painted Desert and the
Pedirka Desert The Pedirka Desert is a small Australian desert, about north-west of Oodnadatta, South Australia, Oodnadatta and north-east of Coober Pedy, South Australia, Coober Pedy in South Australia. Mount Dare and Witjira National Park are just to the n ...
. To the north and north west the
Great Victoria Desert The Great Victoria Desert is a sparsely populated desert ecoregion and Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia, interim Australian bioregion in Western Australia and South Australia. Location and description The Great Victoria is ...
predominates the landscape.


Governance

The Far North includes the following
local government areas A local government area (LGA) is an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, ar ...
:
Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Aṉangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (APY, or APY lands) is a large, sparsely populated Local government in Australia, local government area (LGA) for Aboriginal Australians, located in the remote north west of South Australia. Some of the '' ...
(APY),
City of Port Augusta The City of Port Augusta is a local government area located at the northern end of Spencer Gulf The Spencer Gulf is the westernmost and larger of two large inlets (the other being Gulf St Vincent) on the southern coast of Australia, in the ...
,
District Council of Coober Pedy The District Council of Coober Pedy is a Local government in Australia, local government area located around the opal mining town of the Coober Pedy, South Australia, same name in Outback South Australia. The district's economy is based on the l ...
,
Flinders Ranges Council Flinders Ranges Council is a Local government in Australia, local government area (LGA) located in the Flinders Ranges of South Australia. The LGA is approximately 100 km from north to south, and 45 km from east to west, with a total ...
and
Municipal Council of Roxby Downs The Roxby Council, formerly Roxby Downs Council and before that the Municipal Council of Roxby Downs, is the Local government in Australia, local government area covering the town of Roxby Downs, South Australia, Roxby Downs and the Olympic Dam, ...
. As most of its extent lies within of what is known as the
unincorporated area Sign at Heinola, an unincorporated community in Otter Tail County, Minnesota.">Minnesota.html" ;"title="Otter Tail County, Minnesota">Otter Tail County, Minnesota. An unincorporated area is a region not governed by a local municipal corporat ...
,
municipal services Municipal services or city services refer to basic services Service may refer to: Activities :''(See the Religion section for religious activities)'' * Administrative service, a required part of the workload of Faculty (academic staff), universi ...
to communities outside of the above listed local government areas are provided directly by the
South Australian Government The Government of South Australia, also referred to as the South Australian Government, SA Government or Her Majesty’s Government is the States and territories of Australia, Australian state democratic administrative authority of South Austra ...
via the
Outback Communities Authority The Outback Communities Authority (OCA) is a statutory authority in South Australia (SA) created under the ''Outback Communities (Administration and Management) Act 2009''. It has been established to "manage the provision of public services and ...
. It is within the extent of the state electoral districts of
Giles Giles may refer to: People * Giles (given name), male given name (Latin: ''Aegidius'') * Giles (surname), family name * Saint Giles (650–710), 7th–8th-century Christian hermit saint * Giles of Assisi, Aegidius of Assisi, 13th-century compan ...
and Stuart, and the Federal Division of Grey.


Tourism

The region has scattered tourist attractions and facilities as well as national parks and reserves.(1993) Witjira National Park draft management plan, Far North, South Australia / Department of Environment and Natural Resources South Australia. Dept. of Environment and Natural Resources. Prepared by the South Australian Department of Environment and Natural Resources and Irrwanyere Aboriginal Corporation. Permits are required to enter Aboriginal-owned land, the
Woomera Prohibited Area The RAAF Woomera Range Complex (WRC) is a major Australian military A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare War is an intense armed confli ...
and several
National Park#REDIRECT National park A national park is a park in use for Conservation (ethic), conservation purposes, created and protected by national governments. Often it is a reserve of natural, semi-natural, or developed land that a sovereign state dec ...

National Park
s in the region, including
Kati Thanda-Lake Eyre National Park Kati Thanda-Lake Eyre National Park (formerly Lake Eyre National Park) is a protected area in the Australian state of South Australia. It is located 697 km north of the state capital of Adelaide, Australia, Adelaide within the gazetted loca ...
and
Witjira National Park Witjira National Park is a protected area in the Australian state of South Australia about north of the state capital of Adelaide city centre, Adelaide. History The national park was proclaimed on 21 November 1985 to "protect Australia’s larg ...

Witjira National Park
. Some significant roads in the area include the
Stuart Highway Stuart Highway is one of Australia's major highways. It runs from Darwin, Northern Territory, Darwin, in the Northern Territory, via Tennant Creek and Alice Springs, to Port Augusta in South Australia; a distance of . Its northern and southern ...

Stuart Highway
from
Port Augusta Port Augusta is a small city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: ...
to
Alice Springs Alice Springs ( aer, Mparntwe) is the third-largest town in the Northern Territory The Northern Territory (NT; formally the Northern Territory of Australia) is an states and territories of Australia, Australian territory in the central a ...
, the
Oodnadatta Track __NOTOC__ The Oodnadatta Track is an unsealed outback road in the Australian state of South Australia passing from Marree, South Australia, Marree in the south-east to Marla, South Australia, Marla in the north-west via Oodnadatta. Along the w ...

Oodnadatta Track
, and both the
Birdsville Track The Birdsville Track is a notable outback road in Australia. The track runs between Birdsville, Queensland, Birdsville in south-western Queensland and Marree, South Australia, Marree, a small town in the north-eastern part of South Australia. It ...
and the
Strzelecki Track The Strzelecki Track is an outback track in South Australia, mostly unsealed but with a few short sealed sections to facilitate overtaking, linking Innamincka, South Australia, Innamincka to Lyndhurst, South Australia, Lyndhurst. It passes thro ...

Strzelecki Track
to Queensland.


Notes


References


See also

*
Regions of South Australia In South Australia, one of the states and territories of Australia, states of Australia, there are many areas which are commonly known by regional names. Regions are areas that share similar characteristics. These characteristics may be natural ...
*
List of regions of Australia This is a list of regions of Australia that are not States and territories of Australia, Australian states or territories. The most commonly known regionalisation is the governmental division of the state into regions for Economic geography, econ ...


External links


Regional Development Australia Far North
{{South Australia